America and West Indies
November 1673

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1889

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530-535

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'America and West Indies: November 1673', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 7: 1669-1674 (1889), pp. 530-535. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70242 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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November 1673

[Nov. 3.] 1160. "Memorials of what strength will be necessary for the retaking of New York." (1) six ships of war not under 40 guns a piece, and one fireship; (2) six hired ships to carry 500 foot soldiers to remain there in garrison, with ten guns each to be landed at New York for future defence; the men-of-war will be useful for convoying the Virginia fleet out and home, and the other ships need be no longer in his Majesty's service than till the expedition is over (which will not be probably above 15 or 20 days after their arrival) and may proceed to take in their loading of tobacco at Virginia; (3) commissions to the Governors of Virginia and Maryland for raising 1,000 men who, so soon as the expedition is over (which will in all probability not exceed six weeks) may be returned home in the same ships; (4) arms and ammunition for the soldiers on the ships and 1,000 arms more for the supply of volunteers from Long Island, New Jersey, and places adjacent, and equipage for a troop of horse which will be easily raised on Long Island; (5) his Majesty's command to the Governors of the several Colonies to raise so many men to be in readiness as may be thought necessary to join with other forces for that service; (6) the arms and ammunition to remain at New York as a magazine. Endorsed by Locke, Capt. Carteret. Read in the Council 3o Nov. '73. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXX., No. 79.]
Nov. 6. 1161. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. An Additional Bill about negroes brought by the Assembly to the Board; two orders about satisfying gunners, and one to present six pipes of wine to the President. Letter given by the President to Mr. Speaker from Capt. Wyborne with a bill of exchange of 53,000 lbs. sugar, on account of victualling his Majesty's ship Garland. The Assembly to take into consideration Messrs. Cowley and Bink's desires as to the 4 1/2 per cent., and his Majesty's letter in relation thereto. Request of the Assembly that the fee taken by the Commissioners of the 4 1/2 per cent. for the bond and oath of masters of ships may be taken off as a grievance. They are desired to think of some expedient for completing forts at the Hole and Speights' Bay. Ordered, that the Act for Negroes pass with the amendments added by the Board; and, at the request of Capt. Wyborne, that the damaged powder on board the Garland be delivered to Col. Wm. Bate, and 20 barrels delivered to Capt. Wyborne out of the magazine of the island. 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI., 252–253.]
Nov. 9. 1162. Order of the Council for Trade and Plantations. His Majesty under the Great Seal bearing date 27 Sept. 1672, having granted the yearly sum of 1,000l. towards defraying the expenses of said Council, ordered that John Locke, Esq., Secretary to this Council be appointed Treasurer. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCIV. p. 116.]
Nov. 10.
Whitehall.
1163. Warrant to Dr. Benjamin Worsley. To deliver up to John Locke, Secretary to the Council for Trade and Plantations, all papers and books belonging to said Council which were in his possession as Secretary [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. XL., p. 131.]
[Nov. 13.] 1164. Lord Culpeper's proposals touching New York. One third rate, three fourth rate, and one fifth rate with three or four merchant ships of 40 guns made men-of-war and three fireships, to be the sea force to reduce it (if Evertsen be come back or no recruits sent him, a lesser proportion may serve), and 600 landmen. For the more private carrying on of the design in which consists a great part of the business, an ordinary convoy to be publicly ordered to go thither, neither too great to alarm the Dutch nor too little to discourage the merchants, and an embargo to be made to stop all that would venture alone; the rest of the men-of-war with the land soldiers to be shipped at Plymouth and join with them at the Land's End, when the instructions are to be opened, and not before, by the Commander-in-Chief; the men-of-war to take a double proportion of powder to supply the forts when taken and other necessaries. At sea the Commander-in-Chief to form all the merchant ships into squadrons and exercise such planters and servants as are sent to Virginia and Maryland, letting none go away till the expedition be over; if the merchants are not jealous or afraid, there are at least 600 able servants and 800 seamen go thither yearly, which would be a great reinforcement and cost little besides the ships themselves. To go with all possible speed, there being too much time lost already, so as to be back again by mid-May. Directions to be given about disposing of the Dutch there. Endorsed by Locke, Lord Culpeper's proposall, 13o Nov. 73. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXX., No. 80.]
Nov. 15. 1165. "Opinion and humble advice" of the Council for Trade and Plantations to the King, about the retaking of New York. Sec. Lord Arlington having communicated several letters concerning the taking of New York by the Dutch at the end of July last, and encouraged their Lordships to enquire further into the posture of his Majesty's affairs in those parts, it is represented :—(1.) That New York, being a very good and the only fortified harbour in all North America, and bordering on Virginia and Maryland, will be a safe retreat for Dutch men of-war and capers, which may intercept all English vessels trading thither; by which means his Majesty's customs (amounting by the trade of those places to 120,000l. or 140,000l. yearly) will not only be lost, but those plantations be in danger to be utterly ruined, the inhabitants by their scattered way of living in a country with many great rivers, being utterly incapable of resisting sudden incursions. (2.) Though New England on the other side be more capable of resistance, the inhabitants being more intent on their own trade than the public interest of his Majesty's Government, may if the Dutch continue a quiet possession there, enter into commerce with them, whereby they would divert a great part of the English trade into those countries, and lay a foundation for such a union with Holland as would be very prejudicial to all his Majesty's plantations, if not terrible to England itself. (3.) It is probable that the English who possess the eastern part of Long Island, and are far the greater number, have not yet submitted to the Dutch, and if force be speedily sent will assist in retaking New York. (4.) Barbadoes and the rest of the Caribbees depending on these northern plantations for provisions, whereof no small quantities came from New York, must if the Dutch keep masters of those seas be reduced to extremity, or else that trade come into New England mens' hands by connivance of the Dutch, which would be of as ill consequence. Are therefore of opinion, that the speedy reducing of New York is of great importance; to which purpose one third rate, one fourth rate, two fifth rate, three hired merchant ships each carrying upwards of 40 guns, three fireships, and 600 foot soldiers are absolutely necessary; that the three merchant ships have their complement made up in good part of landmen, that as few seamen as possible may be taken from his Majesty's service in other places; that the 600 foot be distributed into merchant ships going to Virginia, to some of which his Majesty might lend some great guns; that in order hereto an embargo be presently laid on all ships preparing for Virginia, Maryland, and other northern plantations, that none be suffered to go before this convoy, and none then but strong vessels, which shall be obliged to receive orders from his Majesty's ships as if in his Majesty's pay till this service be over; and that the servants and passengers going in these merchant ships be trained and exercised by the way; that the men-of-war carry such stores of ammunition and provisions that the forts in New York and Albany when taken may be supplied therefrom; that for the better concealing the design (the secrecy of which they conceive to be of great moment), no more of his Majesty's ships sail with the Virginia fleet out of the Thames than would serve for an ordinary convoy, but that the rest with the 600 soldiers be ready to join them at Plymouth or some other port in the west, where the Commander-in-Chief is to open his commission and instructions, and not before. That all preparations be forthwith taken in hand, and that the fleet sail directly to New York, dispatching when near the coast small vessels to Rhode Island and the eastern part of Long Island, with orders for raising forces in New England and Long Island to assist the design; and that if God bless his Majesty's arms with success, the Dutch remaining there be removed up into the country at least as far as Albany, their inhabiting New York having been a great cause of the loss of the town and castle, of which there would be the like danger for the future. Signed by Shaftesbury, President; Culpeper, Vice-President; Arlington, Rich. Gorges, G. Carteret, William Hickman, H. Slingesby, Ed. Waller. Endorsed, R. Nov. 15th, 1673. Printed in New York Documents, III., 211–213. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXX., No. 81.]
[Nov. 15.] 1166. Copy of preceding, with mem. Delivered by the Secretary to the Earl of Arlington the 15th of Nov. 1673. In the margin is the signature of John Locke, from which it may be inferred that he drew up this "opinion and humble advice" to the King. [Col. Entry Bk, No. XCIV., 65–68.]
[Nov. 19.] 1167. Petition of Edwin Steed, Provost Marshal of Barbadoes, to the King. His Majesty in July 1670, granted to petitioner Letters Patent for the office of Provost Marshal, which about Jan. last, he personally tendered to Henry Walrond, jun., Judge of the Austin's Court there, to be admitted therein, which was refused as by the annexed Case may appear. Prays his Majesty order to the Governor, Council, and Assembly, to settle him in said office with the fees and perquisites, or to allow him such salary as may recompense the same, and that the Assembly be ordered to take care for the prison repairs so as to secure the prisoners, and indemnify petitioner. With reference to the Council for Trade and Plantations to consider and report to the King what they think fit to be done, as well in relation to his Majesty's honor as the petitioner's right, when his Majesty will declare his further pleasure. Whitehall, 1673, Nov. 19. Endorsed, "Recd and read in Council, 24 Nov. 73." Annexed,
1167. I. The state of the Case of Edwin Steed Esq., Provost Marshal of Barbadoes. That in July 1670 his Majesty granted to him said office by Letters Patent, which he produced about Jan. last to Henry Walrond, junr., Judge of the Austin's Court, appointed by Lord Willoughby, who refused to admit him, and told him all the Judges were of his mind, pretending that the Governor had the right of disposing of said office according to an Act of Parliament by them made (though never confirmed by his Majesty). After great opposition, having possessed himself of said office, he has been forced to keep constant watch on the prison, it being so decayed that prisoners escape at noon day; and this, because the country makes him liable for the debts of any that escape, yet will not contribute anything to the repairs, alleging his Majesty ought to do it out of the 4 1/2 per cent. given for public uses; nor will the Assembly give him the like indemnity during the insufficiency of the gaol as they have to his predecessors, because appointed by his Majesty. The Assembly has also diminished the fees due to that office, and withold the office of Marshal of the Court, which was always enjoyed by his predecessors, and is more worth than all the other perquisites, alleging that if his Majesty will appoint officers, he ought to pay them out of the 4 1/2 per cent., as they intended when it was given. Conceives the reason, is to disable those that have grants of offices from his Majesty, that they may place their own creatures, and exact what fees they please, none thriving in any office but such as are placed by them. In Locke's hand "This paper with Mr. Steed's petition, delivered in to this Council by Mr. Secretary Coventry, 24 Nov. 1673." Endorsed by Locke. "Recd and read in Council, 24th Nov. 73." Together, 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXX., Nos. 82, 82 I. See also Col. Entry Bk., No. XCIV., 69, 71.]
Nov. 20. 1168. Commission to Sir Henry Chicheley to be Lieut.-General of all the forces raised, or to be raised for his Majesty's service in Virginia, under Sir Wm. Berkeley, Knt. Govr. there. Mem., only 4 lines. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. XXXV. A., p. 85.]
Nov. 26. 1169. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. Ordered, that on Wednesday next (weather permitting), Capt: Wyborne with H.M.S. Garland, convoy the ships ready to depart towards England as far as Deseada, and then return with all speed; and that the Commissioners for disposing of his Majesty's provisions deliver to Capt. Wyborne one cask of currants, one hogshead of brandy, and one pipe of oil, and sell all the bread intended for the Garland, six of the worst casks of beef, and all other provisions, for ready money; and deliver all the stores sent for the Garland, as they shall be called for by Capt. Wyborne. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI., 253–254.]
Nov. 30. 1170. Warrant to the Attorney General (?). To prepare a Bill to pass the Great Seal containing a grant to John Boarden of the office of Collector and Receiver General of all moneys arising to his Majesty from quit rents, fines, forfeitures, deodands, or the like in Jamaica, with all rights, fees, and perquisites which he now enjoys by virtue of a Commission from Lieut.-Gov. Sir Thos. Lynch of 6th November 1671, or that any former Collector or Receiver General has enjoyed. 1/2 p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. XL., p. 136.]
1673 ?
Shaftesbury
Papers.
1171. [Four] Acts of Parliament of Albemarle (County, Carolina), sent inclosed in a letter of 10 November 1673 ( so endorsed by Locke), viz :—(I.) To prevent intruding into just claims of land. (II.) For encouragement of owners of vessels living in the county. (III.) To repeal a former Act (the 54th Act made by the Assembly, April 18th, 1672), prohibiting rum to be sold at above 25 lbs. of tobacco per gallon. (IV.) Concerning wild cattle. [Shaftesbury Papers, Section IX. Bundle 48. No. 92.]
Nov.? 1172. State of the case of Edward Sanders, Merchant of London. Concerning the ship, The Society of New England, Capt. Thos. Edwards bound to Jamaica with provisions consigned to Capt. Samuel Bache for the account of Edward Sanders of London and the Governor of Tortuga taking provisions out of said ship and refusing to give satisfaction for same. French. 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXX., No. 83.]