America and West Indies
December 1690

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Institute of Historical Research

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J. W. Fortescue (editor)

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1901

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367-375

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'America and West Indies: December 1690', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 13: 1689-1692 (1901), pp. 367-375. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70695 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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Contents

December 1690

Dec. 2.1,222. Abstract of the ships allowed to sail to the Colonies, Africa, and the East Indies. 237 ships of 30,000 tons. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. C., p. 150.]
Dec. 3.1,223. Address of the House of Commons to the King. For an embargo to be laid on all ships, except those carrying arms and provisions to the Colonies, that there may be seamen sufficient for next year's fleet. 1 December, 1690.
Answer of the King, 3 December, detailing the orders already given. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. C., pp. 143, 144.]
Dec. 3.1,224. Copy of a letter from Rochelle. Bad news has come from Canada this week that the English are high up the river before Quebec. We have great fear that some of our ships bound for Canada may fall into English hands before they can be warned. Our news says that the inhabitants of Quebec had abandoned the lower, and retired into the upper town, with resolution to make a stubborn defence. We hear that 3,000 men have marched from Boston against Montreal. We are busy fitting out five great ships at Rochefort, which are to be joined by others, though for what service we know not; some say for the West Indies and some for Ireland. 2 pp. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 125.]
Dec. 3.1,225. Extract from the above, as to the fitting out of ships at Rochefort. ½ p. [Ibid. No. 126.]
Dec. 3.1,226. Lords of the Admiralty to Captain Lawrence Wright. You are, despite all previous orders, to send at once a sixth-rate and a fifth-rate or two fifth-rates for the defence of Jamaica. Signed. Pembroke, Carbery, J. Lowther, W. Priestman. [Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 43. p. 320.]
Dec. 4.1,227. Order of the King in Council. Detailed orders as to the shipping to be allowed to proceed to the West Indies. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. C., pp. 144–146.]
Dec. 5.1,228. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Lord Baltimore and the deputies of the Convention of Maryland attended; and the Convention's letter of 11 July, as also the declaration of the inhabitants of 25 July (see No. 986), were read. The Articles against Lord Baltimore were presented and both parties heard. The counter petitions of Lord Baltimore and of sundry inhabitants of Maryland were also read and copies ordered to be sent to Mr. Coode and Mr. Cheseldyn. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CLX., pp. 361, 362.]
Dec. 5.1,229. Order of Lords of Trade and Plantations. For a copy of the petition of the ancient protestants of Maryland to be sent to John Coode and Kenelm Cheseldyn for their answer in writing. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LII., p. 199.]
[Dec. 5.]1,230. Copy of the letter of the Council of Maryland, of June 19, 1689. 4 pp. Endorsed. Read Dec. 5, 1690. [Board of Trade, Maryland, 2. No. 34.]
[Dec. 5.]1,231. Copy of a proclamation of Lord Baltimore disallowing all acts of 1678, passed in his absence, except those expressly confirmed since his return. ½ p. Endorsed. Read 5 December, 1690. [Ibid. No. 35.]
Dec. 6.
Basseterre.
1,232. Commission of Governor Codrington to Nathaniel Blakiston to be captain in the Duke of Bolton's regiment of foot. Copy. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 139.]
[Dec. 8.]1,233. Account of the tobacco imported into London from the Colonies, from Michaelmas, 1688 to Michaelmas, 1690. Total value of duty received 155,217l. 19s. 7d. 1p. Endorsed. 8 Dec., 1690. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 54.]
Dec. 9.1,234. Minutes of Council of Virginia. On news of the defeat of the New England forces in Canada, ordered that the Council meet on 12 January to consult for the defence of the Colony. Order forbidding more than twenty Irishmen to be sold on any one river and prohibiting export of powder and shot. Order for Captain Rowe to be vigilant in speaking all ships in the bay for intelligence. Order for securing powder and shot that is in the hands of traders. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXIV., pp. 415–419.]
Dec. 9.1,235. Resolution of the House of Commons. That the members who are of the Privy Council shall represent to the King the petitions to the House from merchants and traders to the Colonies. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. C., p. 147.]
Dec. 10.1,236. Account of all the tobacco exported from London from the 25th December, 1689 to 10th December, 1690. Total 2,568,913lbs., which drawing back 4½ d. per lb. amounts to 48,168l. 7s. 9½ d. 10 pp. [America and West Indies, 636. No. 55.]
Dec. 10.1,237. Abstract of the account of tobacco exported from London from 25 December, 1688 to 10 December, 1690. Total, 7,725,659 lbs., on which a drawback of 4½ d. per lb. amounts to 144,856l. 1s. 3½ d. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 56.]
Dec. 10.1,238. Order of the King in Council. That the ships allowed under previous orders in Council to voyage to the Plantations shall sail. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. C., pp. 147–149.]
Dec. 12.1,239. Abstract of a letter from Mr. Samuel Myles, Minister at Boston. We are in a deplorable condition. Every motion made since the revolution has been blasted by Almighty Providence. I confine myself to the expedition to Canada. About 2,500 men were sent under Sir William Phipps. After arrival and three days' stay they sent ashore a summons, but were answered with defiance. They then landed one thousand or more men, and the ships fired, some against the town, some against the rocks, like men in a fright. The land army advancing had a few men killed and wounded. They then called a Council of war, which continued until the French had fortified the place on the river where they were to pass, and there made some show of their men. Our men seeing this seemed as if to give battle, but cunningly ran in the night to their ships, leaving cannon, drums and colours to the enemy, and soon after set sail to New England. Some of the vessels are arrived, having lost some half of their men, some more than half, some even all, not having one man not sickly on board before they left Canada. There are great complaints of neglect and want of proper provision and care, men being dead in holes before they were missed, and some having their eyes and cheeks eaten by cats before they were found. Those who are arrived at Boston or elsewhere die up and down like rotten sheep. The cost of the expedition is set down at £50,000, for which the people are rated, though already intolerably taxed. I fear there will be bloodshed as at New York. The French are making great preparations and we are utterly unable to defend ourselves. The men have been so horribly abused and cheated in late expeditions that they will not go. Few if any of the soldiers employed on the frontier have been paid, unless they have great relations. The people cannot conceive what becomes of all the money taken from them, unless it is sent to Mr. Mather to procure the Charter. Young Mr. Mather informs the people that the reason for our calamities is permitting the little chapel for the Church of England among us. It is insufferable for it to stand, according to him, though it is battered and shattered most lamentably already. Copy. 2 pp. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 127.]
Dec. 12.
Citadel,
Plymouth.
1,240. Sir Nicholas Hanning to William Blathwayt. I have received orders for a draft of one hundred and thirty men of late Lutterell's regiment to be embarked for the Leeward Islands. The men have been drawn and will be embarked to-morrow. Signed. Nicholas Hanning. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 140.]
[Dec.]1,241. Abstract of receipts taken at Plymouth from ship's masters who carry the Duke of Bolton's recruits. Fourteen ships; 424 men. ½ p. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 141.]
Dec. 16.
St.
Christophers.
1,242. Governor Codrington to Lords of Trade and Plantations. We are greatly surprised at the recall of Admiral Wright, which will prevent our operating against the French Islands and leave us in extreme danger if a French fleet should arrive. But if affairs of greater moment demand the presence of our fleet we must trust in Providence, hoping the King will watch the motions of the French in relation to these parts and send another squadron as well as some land forces to complete the conquest of the French Islands, unless great victories in Europe involve the fall of the French in America. I hope, when our long expected fleet of merchantmen arrives, to receive the royal instructions as to securing these Islands in the absence of a fleet, for without them I do not see how I dare desert this Island, considering that if fully settled it is more valuable than the other three, nor how to hold the other three, which are of more value in case a French fleet arrives, without deserting this. [Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 43. pp. 321, 322.]
Dec. 16.
Plymouth.
1,243. Receipt of William Robertson for three recruits of the Duke of Bolton's regiment embarked. Scrap. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 142.]
Dec. 16.
Plymouth.
1,244. Benjamin Blagge to Major Wildman, Post-Master General. On the 13th there arrived here a ship from New York with a trunkful of papers directed as on enclosed parchment. I forward the letters, one to the King, one to Lord Monmouth, one to Lord Shrewsbury, one to the Bishop of Salisbury and one to yourself, together with the Acts of Assembly. Pray present them that misrepresentations may be prevented, and that loyal subjects there may not be abused by having those men set over them who were justly laid aside at the Revolution. Pray tell me too if this and the obtaining of a line or two from the King in favour of my Master will require my personal presence in London. Signed. Benjamin Blagge. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 187.]
[Dec. 16.]1,245. Abstract of John Clapp's letter from Long Island of Nov. 7 (see No. 1,170).
Abstract of deposition of Henry Greverat, taken at Virginia. 16 December, 1690.
Depositions of John Swyndale and another, taken at Virginia, 14 June, 1690. That at the end of August thirty ships under Sir William Phips sailed for Canada, and anchored two miles belowQuebec for three days. On landing the men fell into an ambuscade, and lost forty of their number, but beat off the French. Some time after the landing four ships sailed up the river, engaged the town for a day and dropped down again. Phips then ordered the land forces aboard, leaving five guns ashore and the dead unburied and sailed after some delay for New England. The fleet was dispersed by a storm, and on the 12th December five ships were still missing. Five hundred men were dead, chiefly for want of food and clothes. Want of ammunition drove the fleet from the river. Copies. 3 pp. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 188.]
Dec. 16.1,246. Information of Henry Greverat. Most of the inhabitants of New York, being dissatisfied with Leisler's proceedings and weary of heavy taxes and oppression, began to mutiny, so much so that a hundred and fifty of them marched against New York under Major Willet. They were met by Captain Milborne at the head of about three hundred men, who, being asked by the Long Island men why he came on their lands, answered by abusing them, and at last coming to blows struck one of them with the butt of his musket and fired, upon which all his party fired also. The Long Island men then retreated saying that they had no orders to fire, and escaped in different directions. The French were said to have assembled sixteen tribes of Indians and to be within sixteen days' march of Albany. Pennsylvania was without arms and without permission to use them. 2 pp. Inscribed. Recd. 23 March, 1690–1. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 128.]
Dec. 16.1,247. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. Orders for measures to keep the negroes quiet at Christmas. The Court at St. Andrew's reconstituted. Thomas Ryves and two more left out of the Commission of the Peace. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 77. p. 70.]
Dec. 16.1,248. Minutes of Council of Barbados. The Governor represented to the Assembly the want of new carriages for guns, the need for erecting a battery at Kirton's Bay and other matters as to fortification. He also submitted to them sundry petitions for payment from the public treasury which could not be met, as the Excise Act provided insufficient funds, and asked them to make further provision for the same. Order for sundry payments in rebate of duty.
Dec. 17.The Assembly brought up several Bills. Those for ascertaining how the bonds forfeited for departure without leave shall be employed, and for ascertaining the bushel weight of powder were passed; and the bill for prohibiting Clerks of Common Pleas to practice as Attorneys was reserved. The bill for an impost on liquors provided for turning out the former Treasurer without reason assigned, and for payments to be made by order of the Governor, Council and Assembly. This being contrary to the Royal instructions, the Governor laid these particulars before the Assembly for consideration. The Assembly returning replied that the appointment of the Treasurer was their ancient privilege and that they had amended the bill by omitting to direct how the money should be paid out of the Treasury. The Council reserved these matters for consideration. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XII., pp. 150–154.]
Dec. 16.1,249. Journal of Assembly of Barbados. William Foster elected Speaker. The Governor submitted a list of several small matters requiring notice in the forts. Bill to regulate rates for freight amended and read. The lease of Fontabelle considered, and the Speaker directed to call the attention of the Governor and Council to certain points. On the Bill of Excise, Melitia Holder was chosen Treasurer.
Dec. 17.Bill for an impost on Liquors read, also a bill to ascertain the weights of produce read; bill to regulate freights read a second time. Address to the Governor for payment of George Payne's salary. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIV., pp. 254–257.]
Dec. 18.1,250. Memorial praying for the exchange of certain French Protestants at St. Domingo against the French prisoners taken at St. Christophers, as the said French Protestants are cruelly persecuted. ½ p. French. Endorsed. 18 Dec., 1690. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 143.]
Dec. 18.1,251. Another copy of the preceding. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 144.]
[Dec.]1,252. Minutes of Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Lord President is desired to move the King that Governor Codrington may have orders to exchange French prisoners first for British subjects and afterwards for French Protestants kept in duress in the West Indies. [Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 43. p. 280.]
Dec. 18.1,253. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. New judges for three precincts appointed. Order for the Duke of Albemarle's commission and instructions to be lodged with the Secretary, who shall permit no access to them but by the Governor's special order. Order for a proclamation for payment of arrears of quit-rents. Orders for sundry payments. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 77. p. 71.]
Dec. 18.
Whitehall.
1,254. Order of the King in Council. Referring the petition of Edward Davies and others, Lord Howard's answer thereto and the depositions annexed, to Lords of the Treasury for their report. Signed. Cha. Montague. ½ p. Annexed,
1,254. I. Copies of the documents above enumerated. 8 pp. The whole endorsed, Recd. 4 March, 1690/1; read in Council, March 12, 1690/1; read at the Committee, July 29, 1691. [America and West Indies. 636. Nos. 57, 57 I.; and (order only) Board of Trade. Virginia, 36. p. 56.]
Dec. 18.1,255. Duplicate of the foregoing order. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 58.]
[Dec. 18.]1,256. Petition of Edward Davies and others to Lord President Carmarthen. For a sight of Lord Howard's answer to their petition and for speedy examination of their case. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 59.]
[Dec.]1,257. Sir Robert Holmes to the King. I hear that Edward Davies and his accomplices, the notorious pirates, are now before you, and have petitioned for restoration of their goods. The Spanish Ambassador who was preparing proof against them is dead, so I think it my duty to inform you that the prisoners were proved guilty in Virginia of several piracies, that they denied the fact, and that they did not claim the royal pardon. I had sent orders to Captain Berry, who was then my agent, to prosecute them, but he was drowned in H.M.S. Deptford; and the prosecution having been otherwise delayed they found ways in Lord Howard's absence to come to England and regain part of their goods. I beg that they may be secured and sent back to Virginia for trial, and that the Spanish Ambassador may be informed that he may collect evidence in the Spanish Indies. Copy. 4 pp. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 60.]
[Dec. 18.]1,258. Petition of Philip Ludwell. Prays for hearing of an appeal which he entered in the Courts of Virginia. 1 p. Endorsed. Referred to the Committee, 18 Dec., 1690. Recd. 11 March, 1690/1. Annexed,
1,258. I. Copy of the record of the Court at Virginia, as to Philip Ludwell's appeal against its jurisdiction in the case of William Fisher v. Ludwell. 26 April, 1690. 3 pp. [America and West Indies. 636. Nos. 61, 61 I.]
Dec. 18.
Whitehall.
1,259. Order of the King in Council. Referring the petition of Philip Ludwell to Lords of Trade and Plantations for report. Signed. Cha. Montague. 1 p. Endorsed. Recd. 22 Dec., 90. Read 11 Mar., 1690/1. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 62.]
Dec. 21.
Plymouth.
1,260. Henry Greenhill to William Blathwayt. I send receipts from the masters of the ships who have embarked the recruits for the Duke of Bolton's regiment. Only two are wanting, who could not with the greatest diligence be found. Signed. Henry Greenhill. ½ p. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 145.]
[Dec.]1,261. List of clothing sent out with the Duke of Bolton's regiment to the Leeward Islands. 1 p. [Ibid. No. 146.]
[Dec.]1,262. List of ships to carry the Duke of Bolton's recruits. Eighteen ships; 400 recruits. 1 p. [Ibid. No. 147.]
Dec. 22.1,263. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Colonel Codrington's letter of 14 October read (see No. 1,101). Lord Baltimore and the deputies of the Convention of Maryland heard and sundry documents read in reference to the case (see Nos. 1267, 1268). Agreed that the Governor to be sent to Maryland shall report on the matter. Mr. Coode to give an account of the revenue. Petitions of Henry Darnall and Richard Hill read (see No. 1266). Agreed to advise that their bail be discharged. Agreed as to the recommendations to be given as to exchange of prisoners in the West Indies. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIX., pp. 362–364.]
Dec. 22.1,264. Minutes of Council of Barbados. On the enquiry of the Governor, such members of Council as had held the office of Treasurer declared that they never understood the appointment to that office to be the peculiar privilege of the Assembly, but that the Governor and Council were always consulted; that the Council resented this pretension of the Assembly and saw no reason why the late Treasurer should have been removed; and that it requested a conference with the Assembly. The Governor then withdrew, and the Chairman appointed by the Council informed the Assembly that at such a time it would be better to avoid all disputes and simply to renew the old Act of Excise until a more convenient time. The Assembly then retired and brought up two Acts which were passed, but refused to abandon their position as to the appointment of a Treasurer. His Excellency thereupon prorogued them. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XVI., pp. 154, 155.]
Dec. 22.1,265. Journal of Assembly at Barbados. Bill to regulate freights read a third time; bill to confirm the lease of Fontabelle read. The House attended the Council as to the Excise Bill. The Bills to regulate freights and for an impost on liquors returned by the Council with amendments, when the House fell to amend them. Adjourned to 15 Jan. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIV., pp. 258, 259.]
[Dec. 22.]1,266. Petition of Henry Darnell to the Privy Council. On the accusation of John Coode for alleged treasonable words against the Prince of Orange I gave bond for good behaviour. I deny the charge and pray for release from the bond. 1 p. [Illegible] Read 22 Dec., 90. [Board of Trade. Maryland, 2. No. 36.]
[Dec. 22.]1,267. Answer of John Coode and Kenelm Cheseldyn to the petition of the Protestant inhabitants of Maryland (see No. 1,203). These persons have no authority to speak in any but their own name. It is not true that the county enjoyed peace under Lord Baltimore and his father. Witness the insurrection at the Cliffs occasioned by the re-election of two only out of every four representatives elected to the Assembly. These representatives imposed the heaviest levy ever known, which the people refused to pay, whereupon three were condemned and two executed. Witness also the confusion at the time of the Popish plot and the murders by the Indians, since which we have been in perpetual fear of French and Indians. We deny that we maliciously deposed the Government. It was only after their Majesties had been settled on the throne for five months and were still not proclaimed in Maryland, where papists were disarming Protestants, confederating with Indians, discouraging loyal subjects and spreading false news of King James's success, when good Protestants were flying to Virginia for fear, that we took up arms. Then they marched to the Court House, and though it was full of armed men, caused them to surrender: then marched on to Mattapany Fort and caused that to surrender also. We then formed a convention, put out all papists and put in Protestants, continued all the temporary laws, imposed the smallest levy ever known for expenses of Government and held the county for the Protestant interest. Large sheet. Endorsed. Read 22 Dec. 1690. [Board of Trade. Maryland, 2. No. 37; and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LII., pp. 200–207.]
[Dec. 22.]1,268. A collection of papers referring to the affairs of Maryland.
1,268. I. Copy of Lord Baltimore's grant of a third of all forfeitures of vessels to William Digges and Henry Darnall. 7 May, 1784. 1 p.
1,268. II. Deposition of Matthew Tennison of Maryland. That Indians had told him they were forced away from their towns to come and fight for Lord Baltimore against the Protestants. ½ p.
1,268. III. Depositions of John Hammond. That Richard Hill called the late rising in Maryland a rebellion and advised him not to be too hasty in swearing allegiance to the Prince of Orange. 1 p.
1,268. IV. Deposition of Edward Burford. That on the voyage to England, John Coode had said that all that he had done was in revenge against Lord Baltimore. Sworn before the Mayor of Plymouth. Good impression of the town-seal. 1½ pp.
The whole of the foregoing, Endorsed. Recd. 22 Dec., 1690. [Board of Trade. Maryland, 2. Nos. 38 I–IV.]
Dec. 23.1,269. William Blathwayt to John Coode and Kenelm Cheseldyn. The Lords require of you an account of the revenue raised in Maryland since the revolution, and in particular of the two shillings a hogshead duty, how much is expended and where the balance is at present; you will attend with the same on Friday afternoon. Draft, with corrections. ½ p. [Board of Trade. Maryland, 2. No. 39; and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LII., pp. 212, 213.]
Dec. 29.1,270. Copy of the declaration against the ketch, Endeavour, at Boston; with protest of the master against his illegal detention there. The whole, 3½ pp. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 129.]
1,271. Abstract of despositions relating to New York. A few scribbled lines. Unfinished. ¼ p. [America and West Indies. 601. No. 27.]