East Indies
December 1630

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1892

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84-109

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'East Indies: December 1630', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies and Persia, Volume 8: 1630-1634 (1892), pp. 84-109. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=71431 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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December 1630

Dec. 1.100. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Report of Mr. Perry that he cannot prevail with Mr. Baron Sotherton to incline to any other end than what he last insisted upon in Court; but being advised by counsel not to assent thereto, the Court resolved to proceed in the legal way they are now in, having long put in their plea, which Mr. Baron has not yet answered. Petition of the parishioners of St. George's, Southwark, desiring the Company's "exhibition," as other companies have done, towards repairing and rebuilding part of their church; but the Court desired to be excused, having no power to give away the Company's moneys. Resolved not to send the Speedwell away separately, but to follow their first resolution in sending the ships together. Suit of [Geo.] Clarke for some recompense upon his late bargain of cotton wool, again denied. Petition of [Edw.] Tynes for enlargement of salary in respect of his extraordinary pains by reason of these particular voyages in keeping three pair of books more than in the time of the Joint Stock, advised to have patience until the return home of some of the ships of those voyages. Request of Mr. Middleton's for allowance for 73 pieces of damnified calicoes denied. Committees for pipe staves and barrel staves to treat for such proportion as they find necessary. Mr. Gearing's security approved for the 110 bags of pepper yet undelivered. Ordered that the 10l. to be given to the poor of Stepney this year, as formerly, be delivered to Mr. Swanley, who has been chosen churchwarden, to be distributed at his discretion. 2½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 106–108.]
Dec. 2.101. Report of Phineas Pett and others, Masters of the Navy, appointed to inquire whether the worm has come into his Majesty's ships at Portsmouth by any quality in that harbour, or whether the same was brought in by ships from other parts. That the Triumph rode there between three Flemish East India ships, which remained in that harbour above two years, from which they think it probable the worm might have come. [Extract, Dom. Chas. I., Vol. CLXXVI., No. 8.]
Dec. 3.102. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Complaint of David Gilly, Purser of the Dove, against Robert Fox, the mate; upon his submission and attestation of [Rich.] Munck, master of said ship, on his behalf, the Court remitted his errors and imposed a mulct of 40s. upon him. Motion of Capt. Hall to enlarge his number of men from 120 to 160, agreed to, taking consideration of the mortality of men to the southward. Requests of Edward Collins, the powder maker, 1st, that the saltpetre he receives may first be tried at Crosby House, so that the loss in refining may be more easily judged; 2ndly, that he be allowed 18l. charges for building a new storehouse; and 3rdly, 42l. for repairing the Company's house wherein he dwells; all of which were agreed to. Alderman Wright questioned concerning 10 bags of pepper which he should have shipped out two years since, but sold in town. Complaint of Ald. Wright concerning some money detained on a difference between Ald. Garway and himself. Ordered that the freight of 200 weight of China roots and 250 weight of white pepper be remitted to [Rich.] Munck and his wages paid; also the wages of Thomas Johnson, late Factor at Armagon, there being no objection against him. Petition of Gabriel Hawley for money to defray his charges in the fleet; was bade go to his uncle and brothers, who keep him in prison by going back from their promises. 2½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII. 108–110.]
Dec. 6.
Bantam.
103. William Hoare to the East India Company. Refers to his last of 20th Jan. 1629(–30) by the ship London. Instantly after her dispeed the Falcon was searched and sheathed, Nash having negligently slubbered her over at Jambi; the Swallow has also been made serviceable. Dispeeded the pinnace Simon and Jude 25 Jan. for Macassar with cloth and on 18th Feb. the Abigail for Japara, and last of Feb. the pinnace John arrived from Jambi, with pepper. Sent on 1st April, the Falcon and Dove for the coast of Coromandel with gold, ryals, lead, as the accounts and invoices herewith sent with show. How they projected a trade at Masulipatam and appointed Henry Sill, &c. to manage it will appear in the Register of Letters and Commissions. Their next care was for home returns; conceived that Jambi, with a supply from coast Coromandel, might well furnish 1,200 tons of pepper, their remains at Bantam being 410 tons; all which with expected cloves from Macassar and the store of Bantam though infinitely short of expectation would have laden three good ships in Nov. or Dec.; and that nothing might be omitted to make full returns from all places advised this purpose to Surat by the Falcon and Dove, desiring to be furnished thence with 40,000 or 50,000 Rs. in goods by the end of Dec., intending the ship that brought them with good part thereof for Macassar and to have returned here in June or July, and returned for Surat with sandalwood, turtle shells, and 400 tons pepper to be bought in Bantam in the interim; which would have gotten and saved near 100,000 Rs. in regard that quantity of pepper would have cost at Surat 64,000 Rs. and here might have been bought for 30,000, and the goods from thence would have doubled themselves; this course in future will certainly prove a very profitable exchange. Thus they had proposed, but God disposed otherwise, by the Company not sending any ship or money, to their extreme hindrance. Nor is the Old Stock so barren as is supposed; they have a great estate remaining which will daily increase, nor will four of their ablest ships be too many to transport the proceeds reinvested. Greatly to blame was their negligence who kept it so long concealed to the Company's inexpressible hindrance, and the nations disrespect for want of supply. Received by the Star, which arrived at Masulipatam 27th June last and the pinnace Dove on 28th Oct. last, the Company's letters of 25th Sept. and 31st Oct. 1629, none have come to hand by the Dutch ships. The burden of their business has lain very heavy upon Hoare this whole year, his health begins to grow crazy, fears what would become of their great estate if God should take him away, there being never another Factor here. Again desires them to supply able men, of whom this and all depending factories will be utterly destitute. The times of all now employed are long since expired, and they press with much importunity to be released, and amongst others himself hopes next year, with the whole remains of their Joint Stock re-invested, to appear before them, his wife and many poor friends wishing him in England, where he would gladly lay his bones, and where (except by starts) these 17 years he has been a stranger; yet rather shall his body find burial in Bantam than their business be left in danger or destitute. The King of Acheen two years since besieged Malacca but received a great overthrow from the Portugals with the loss of all his vessels and ordnance and all his people except 16, who arriving at Acheen were immediately slain for being messengers of so evil tidings. The Portugals then went to Jambi to do what mischief they might to the Dutch and English, but no English ships were there except the old Coaster laid up in the river, out of which they took her ordnance. The Dutch lost two ships, one burnt. The King joined with the Dutch for resistance, to secure their ships laden at the town, and the Dutch sent five sail under Sr. Flack one of Council to secure their Walkeren a few days before sent thither with 50,000 Rs. to assist the other two and relieve Jambi. But the Portugals met the Walkeren at the river's mouth whom oppressing by multitudes after she had thrice blown up, at last themselves fired their powder room to the utter consumption of ship, goods, and men; the Portugals had a dear bargain and Don Alva de Battalia himself fell. Thus they left that coast, and five days after Flack arrived, dispersed four of his fleet to Siam and other places and himself returned in a single ship to Batavia without seeking the enemy, which was ill taken by the General. These combustions have brought much fear upon the King and people and greatly hindered trade. Their want of shipping and means makes them a gazing stock to their neighbours, who look with admiration to see them so forsaken; trust their own benefit will excite the Company to a speedy relief. Another danger happened at Jambi by fire in a Chinaman's house which threatened the whole town, but without further damage than that sundry of the Company's debtors had their houses and goods consumed. Great preparations of the Materam who has both the past and present year been quiet, and of the Dutch likewise at Batavia, who with incredible cost and labour have made their castle and town impregnable. Hopes fairer conditions than they now enjoy may be settled, for there is but a promise to Mr. Steele that they should remain on the wonted terms and how intollerable those were, former experience has spoken. Their difficulty is how to comport themselves betwixt the two Kings, in which they desire the Company's order. The Abigail past hope of cure arrived from Japara 28th May with rice, boards, tamarinds, &c.; they report the Governor's courteous usage with proffer of large immunities and commodious habitation, which would be worth consideration should Bantam prove too troublesome or injurious. On June 2nd the Simon and Jude with a small junk bought of the King arrived from Macassar with cloves, rice, turtle shells, &c. Reasons for being full of hope that all their remains are long since invested, and that the large and well sorted cargazoon lately sent by the Dove will produce a fair partydo for next year, if the Danes have not already engrossed the trade with a great cavidal of coast cloth. Sends letter received from the President and Council at Surat of 9th July past. Concluded three ships for England if so many arrived, so resolved to get lading instantly to Bantam to fill the biggest, intending the second to Jambi, there to lade with the assistance of small vessels, which with a little help of Bantam would have filled the third; and to that end dispeeded the Abigail, Simon and Jude, and [junk] Macassar 11th July for Jambi to be laden and returned. Fifteen sail expected this year from Holland; hears that in December the Great James and three more lay ready at Gravesend for India. A merchant said he spoke with the Great James, Palsgrave, and a praw all bound for Bantam. Perceiving that their store would not suffice for the James's lading, and knowing her a chargeable ship to be detained, they went through with a Chinaman for 2,500 bags Bantam pepper at 5 Rs. per pecull. Arrival on 28th Oct. of the pinnuace Dove from coast Coromandel with a well-sorted cargazoon, bringing news of the Star's arrival at Masulipatam, and the Company's letters of several dates, which dashed their hopes when they found the Old Stock scarcely named. Had supply arrived of shipping and ryals to clear Customs and charges they would by this and next year's returns have equalled, if not exceeded, the whole of this new subscription and left a hopeful way for succeeding voyages. The same day came letters from Macassar advising a good quantity of cloves to be there and desiring a sudden supply, which they sent and are confident will be suddenly sold and invested into cloves. By the pinnace the Factors from Masulipatam also advised them to expect the Falcon by fine of Nov., and gave hopes of full investing all remains of the Second Joint Stock as enordered, which will come happily to pass for a second supply to Macassar in Jan. and Feb. and a round cavidal for Jambi. What has been done for further timely relading homeward. The Dutch Factor here by order of their General advised them on 10th Nov. that the Great James, William, and Blessing were gone for Surat in March last, and that two other ships, the Exchange and Speedwell, were making ready for Bantam, which leaves them yet hopeful of a supply this year. News brought by a boat from the Abigail and Simon and Jude that they had ridden 15 days in distress for want of men, victuals, anchors 25 leagues hence; sent a boat with necessaries, and both arrived in safety laden with pepper; besides which the Factors advise of 300 tons in the house, and that a few days would furnish them with enough to fill the Palsgrave. In answer to the Company's letters on the Star, they bless God for the safe arrival of the Exchange, Blessing, and Star, and take notice of the second general voyage and the stock, shipping, Factors, and managing thereof, which they will not fail to further. Perceive how the Company intended the Great James at return from Persia with silk, indigo, calicoes, &c. to voyage hither to take in spices and be seasonably dispeeded for England, but her repair back to Surat will either cause her stay a year longer or expose her to a late and dangerous arrival in England. Reasons why no more pepper was bought at Bantam towards the relading of the Mary and Speedwell, the want of Rs. will doubtless lie heavy upon the second general voyage; but suppose Mr. Bix and the others have given satisfaction concerning the trade of Bantam. The damage sustained by the Company by the entertainment of lewd and debauched persons into places of trust. Their caution to prevent transportation of ought contrary to the King of Bantam's edict shall be observed. The safe arrival of the Mary and Speedwell in the Thames is very welcome news, but they sorrow to hear of the just complaint against Thos. Mills, who from the accounts sent home on the London, will be found yet more indebted. Mr. Steele and Gabriel Hawley are before them to answer for what they have done; they are in England who can make best relation concerning Mr. Short and his estate. Mr. Verneworthy was stayed to supply Macassar, there being never another fit for that business, but he is to return in May and shall take passage on the first ship. Will be right glad to hear the great damage the Company have sustained by Short to be repaired, and that Verneworthy clear himself, for whom they desire the favour of future employment, having ever observed him to be diligent and industrious with very able parts, and indeed their destitute business has been much supported by him. Brewen will have informed them how they formerly relinquished Masulipatam and how they contrived to negotiate again with those people, their Commission will show. An account of the porcelain appeared in the books sent on the London. The principals very negligent in those accounts but will not tolerate the like remissness hereafter. Jambi accounts sent from Nov. 1628 to Sept. 1629 wherein the not acknowledged debts of Staverton, Bogan, Colbach, and Croft's times are distinguished. Have not augmented the wages of any of the Company's servants, and their order annihilating that power shall be observed, yet they may not pass over the long and good service of William Pearse, chief Factor at Jambi, who with a continued promise three years together of release has yielded at entreaty to another year's abode. Acquaints them with a passage of Andrew Coggins discovered since his departure in reference to private trade. Samuel Reade being questioned has avouched upon oath what they have related, excusing his own weakness by the other's power. By consultation of 7th June 1630 Coggins was censured and ordered to make good the 100 Rs. injuriously charged, and that the 950 Rs. should be returned for the Company's account, but nothing appearing to satisfy the 1,050 Rs., they have made him debtor for that sum. Have sent Samuel Reade who has good language to Jambi, but intend him home by the first opportunity. Have no cause to doubt continuance of fair usage at Bantam as they stand well with the King and people; have also for about 250 Rs. made their house and grounds a handsome wholesome habitation, and in time of vacation have fetched stones from adjacent islands and made a commodious wharf where 100 tun casks at once may be washed and filled, and their greatest boats ride at all times. Are indeed so conveniently housed that some years' labour and 10,000 Rs. expense would not better it, wherefore they intend rather to rent this than build another. There are not more than 700 or 800 tons pepper here, besides what they have bought, and a less partido by the Dutch who have long ago settled a factory, nor has any besides issued to their knowledge except that Chinamen buy and transport it. For the future Bantam will not afford 500 tons per year, the people relinquishing the planting for rice and sugar canes which yield greater benefit. It is almost incredible what watercourses they have cut and what a goodly compass of ground they have these two years past manured for those purposes; besides this pepper must be bought for ready ryals, nor will the greatest merchant undertake for more than himself has, so that ere 4,000 bags could be bought it would start a ryal in a pecull, as lately, besides the new exacted Custom of 15 per cent. which raised it next day to 5½. They trust cloth to principal persons and in very small quantities. There is not such a thing in the kingdom as justice especially against their debtors, since their last settling there has not been a debt of any import but is merely lost. In conclusion Bantam is a good place for abode but not for trade, except for the quantity of pepper aforesaid which must be bought for ready money. Jambi will yield 1,500 tons of pepper and upwards per year, for two-thirds in cloth and one-third in money, and the coast of Sumatra may well afford them 800, for it has this year yielded the Dutch above 15,000 tons [sic.] The King of Acheen late appointed George Quipp to write how welcome they should be again, and appointed his deputy at Priaman to invite them thither, and indeed had there been shipping and means would have thought on a coasting voyage both to Acheen and the west coast of Sumatra. Macassar may furnish cloves in good quantities for cloth, if they have means to keep them in action. Have ordered the Factors to set afoot a trade for pepper, which it is said may be had in good quantities. Japara also proffers fair entertainment, but is of little moment were it not to keep fair with the Materam, and to furnish boards, &c. for shipping; yet has the Governor 100 tons pepper and more is doubtless in the town, which they have appointed the Factors in their way to Macassar to buy, if for cloth a good pennyworth may be had. Have received from Armagon and Masulipatam one and expect another well sorted cargazoone not very dear considering the times, though their stock and second general voyage, the Netherlands Company, the free burghers of Batavia, and the Danes have all been in the market and made a greater investment than in five years before, so that India is not barren of commerce had they means to follow it. Can say little concerning the ship Star which they fear will not arrive before January or her intended voyage; yet intend to propose that she instantly relade for England on freight for account of the Joint Stock. Yet their business shall be done by the Falcon, which will transport the goods both of Joint Stock and voyage for Macassar and return the whole investment about the end of August, seasonably for herself to do further service at Jambi in filling other ships and bringing her own lading; and to accommodate the general voyage who have appointed their cloves from Macassar to meet the Great James at Bantam in May, will send the Dove, referring these interchangeable freights to the Company. Conceive this course will be more commodious for the general voyage than to have the Star attend for cloves till return from Amboyna in August, for those now in Macassar will in likelihood be all bought up before their means can arrive. Will endeavour to hasten away the Great James, the Joint Stock furnishing sufficient pepper for Surat, or a full lading if she be appointed immediately for England so as to set sail by middle Dec.; and the rather that they fear the general voyage will find long work in selling their goods and providing returns, and the said ships will prove very chargeable attendants. The pinnaces Simon and Jude and John shall transport the goods of the general voyage with those of the Joint Stock for Jambi and there ride amongst the abler forces of the Dutch to secure the town, till greater ships require their assistance in lading, for which they have projected the Falcon. Have now riding at Bantam the Christopher, Abigail, and Simon and Jude all laden with pepper. The first with continual pumping can scarce be kept swimming, and all men affirm her repairing would be doubly more than her worth; the Abigail so rotten that they were fain to case her from Jambi, the pinnaces Simon and Jude, and John, though very ancient, yet with a little reparation will be useful, must, if possible, careen the Dove at her return from Macassar, else also will she run to decay; the junk Macassar is left at Jambi and will not be found sufficient to return any more; and this is the whole of the shipping belonging to the Joint Stock, except the Falcon which may do service a couple of years longer; to keep which in action they have no jot of any store whatever, being truly in miserable distress. Had not good hap left them two great cables which they made into small rigging, could not have sent a vessel to sea the whole past year. Have laden for England with pepper, cloves, &c. as per invoice, enclosed, the Swallow newly careened and sheathed, assisted by the Dutch, chiefly to give notice of the state of their affairs. Doubt to lade home besides the Swallow and Star, the Exchange or Speedwell this year, for they will have near 400 tons pepper remaining and will make hard shift to compass the rest from store of Bantam. Intend in Feb. next to dispeed for Jambi 25,000 ryals and the rest to Macassar in the Falcon if she arrive with expected cargazoon of 30,000 Rs., their remains being 15,000 Rs., which will furnish in one 800 tons pepper and in the other with what is there above 100 tons cloves, which with 600 tons pepper now at Jambi, and 200 or 300 tons from Bantam, will be a freight for two or more of their ablest ships next year for the Old Stock. Accordingly the Company may please supply them with shipping and at least 60,000 Rs. in specie. Account of Job Harbie's polished coral and its sale. Jeremy Shuker deceased 14th April last at Jambi of fever; his estate appears in the Pursers accounts and his will in the box of books, &c.; some 200 Rs. more are coming to him on Jambi accounts. The Company's letter of the 25th Sept. with the enclosed copy from Mr. Verneworthy and Malachi Martin relates the Portugal's preparedness to attempt their ships at Surat; God preserve them, being without any assistance of the Dutch who have sent no shipping thither this year. Presume the news is already spread in Europe of the Dutch Batavia cast away, another blown up near the Equinoctial, and the Vianen fired in this road, all in their voyage outward. Since then their Camel perished on a ledge of rocks near Japara, two others taken by the Spaniard at Insula Formosa, one surprised by the Portugals at Selor, another cast away near Zelaer, and the crew carried to Macassar, where they remain prisoners, six good ships still detained at Japan, at Jambi three ships burnt and taken whereof one very rich, the Scellen of 16 pieces ordnance burnt with most of her people by the Portugals of St. Thome, the David with above 100,000 Rs., in coast goods fired, and now a very rich ship lately burnt by the Chinese at Tywan. From such disasters Good Lord deliver both them and us. They intend six ships to sail this year for Holland by fine of their December. Send copy of the Dutch General's very friendly letter seconding a former overture for a contract for buying pepper at Bantam, but conceive this no fit time for such a combination and have answered as in their register may appear. Alexander Ball left this life 22nd last much indebted, and amongst his creditors is Henry Short for 300 Rs., which he said was to be paid at their meeting in England and not before and therefore disposed his wages (80l.) to the satisfying other debts. Have filled the Swallow with pepper out of the Christopher to bring her leaks above water, the pepper of one room swimming with water, which they will bring ashore and dry. God send the Star or other ships to clear her, for albeit they have stopped one great leak she continues dangerous. David Gilly deceased at Masulipatam about the 20th Aug. last; his accounts. Received a few days since advice from Jambi of their having 600 tons pepper ready and daily receiving more, as also of the death of that young King who but few days survived his father, yet no alteration happens in trade or in respect of their nation which more than ever stands fair; but refers to the registers of letters which are fully entered to the day of the ships sailing, wherein also are letters received from the Factors in the Star, and from the President and Council at Surat. Error in his accounts; in the next books will proceed with the full balance Rs. 160,768 52 7/12 and clear the difference by profit and loss. Finds that Andrew Coggins has credit in the Purser's accounts of this factory for 100l., of which notice may be taken towards satisfaction of his debt. Finds since writing the above that the account of presents is too short posted. P.S.—Prays the Company to pay the 500l. for which he is creditor in the Purser's books herewith sent, to his brothers John Wardall, Thomas Speght, and James Speght for his wife's use. It has pleased the Company to confer eminence and repute upon him, and it becomes him to take care that she be provided for accordingly. Endorsed, "From Bantam General letter of 6 Dec. 1630 per pinnace Swallow, recd 10 Oct. by the 7 Dutch ships. The original hereof is quoted therefore not this copy." 25½ pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1326.]
Dec. 6.
Bantam.
104. Extract from the preceding letter. News already spread in Europe of the losses of Dutch ships in the Indies. Two copies, one endorsed by Sec. Lord Dorchester," East Indian advertisements," the other copy endorsed, "Recep. July 8, 1631." Annexed,
104. I. Don Alva de Battalia, Portuguese Governor of Mullucca (Malacca), to the Pengran of Jambi. The invincible commander by sea and land under the high and mighty King of Goa to the King of Jambi. Is come to treat of a league and peaceable trade between the King and the unconquered King of Portugal; the two Dutch ships which only with his looks were in a moment ruinated and confounded be a sufficient example of his valour and prowess. If the King of Jambi embraces the league and turns out the perfidious Dutch, an annual force by sea and land shall protect him, but if he refuse, will forthwith visit him with fire and sword; the usurping Dutch shall taste his power, their factories shall be ruinated, and his people and country receive the overthrow he gave the King of Acheen; but if the King of Jambi will conclude trade only with the King of Goa, the King of Portugal will protect him from the Dutch or any else.
104. II. The Pengran of Jambi to the Governor of Malacca. Has received his letter, and for trade, he may at pleasure embrace it when his enemies and himself shall so decide; but to deliver those over who have put themselves under his protection were to make his name odious to the world and infamous amongst Kings. "Wherefore let this suffice for the present, I will protect them, and when your force shall be stronger than theirs you shall have the trade which you desire."
104. III. The Portugal General to the King of Jambi. Perceives by his answer that "the superfluity of the Hollanders rack (arrack) hath made you so drunk, that I scorn to prate with you any longer, but will shortly visit you with my sword."
104. IV. Same to same. For his own sport and pleasure has taken two Dutch ships within the Pengran's territory without losing a man, and appointed 14 of his smallest vessels to visit the Dutch ships riding before his town, where they found the Pengran as good as his promise for the shots from his castle and the ships would not permit them to come near; but will once more make trial with 25 sail. Understands that the Dutch and English came to destroy his force, the very sight whereof made them retreat; and as for Jambi valour, experience has shown him that in all towns the people run into the woods and dare not look one of his soldiers in the face, but leave the bare cocoanut trees to treat. Yesterday there passed him 30 great praws with Jambi colours and many more with China colours on some exploit, but they all dispersed into small rivers on perceiving him. Came as a friend, but departs as an enemy destroying all he can. Is not a novice but knows how to bar up Jambi, and defeat any trade or supply. This he may expect with all extremity in regard he seeks to protect such base and faithless nations as the Dutch, before the friendship of so great a Prince as the King of Portugal, under whom Dutch and English are but as horse-keepers. His writing shows that the relies of Dutch drink have so bewitched his senses that he knows not friends from foes. Endorsed, "Recep. July 8th 1631." 2 pp. [East Indies, Vol. IV., Nos. 84, 84 I.–IV.]
[1630. Dec. 6.]105. Copies of the preceding. 2½ pp. [East Indies, Vol. IV., Nos. 85, 85 I.–IV.]
Dec. 6–13.106. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Petition of Mr. Rice and others; that by an order of Court in Sir Thos. Smythe's time they were appointed to have the sole employment of drawing the Company's cloths, and desiring that no other might be entertained; but the Court answered they knew of no such order, nor are they bound to continue any such order otherwise than it shall conduce to the good of the Company. Petition of the widow of Thomas Greeneway, the Company's baker, for increase of the price of biscuit and meal to 24s. per cwt. in regard the price of corn has much risen since the contract was made by her husband, and for 500l. more to be imprested to her; but the Court conceived there was no reason to assent to the first, in respect the contract made was absolute, and that if corn had fallen cheaper she and not the Company would have received the benefit, but considering the biscuit and meal to be delivered by her, will amount to above 3,000l., ordered that 500l. be paid to her. Motion of Capt. Hall that, in respect the ships Palsgrave and London are to be sent to Bantam without stock, he may send with them some wine and beer, paying 6l. per tun freight; the Court condescended that he might transport 100 tuns of beer and wine at 10l. per tun on certain conditions, but as he would not agree to give 10l. freight, the motion was deferred.
Dec. 8. Robert Cobley appointed to have the drawing of such cloths as Mr. Mustard allot to him, notwithstanding the pretended right of Mr. Rice and others. 3 half hhds. of canary wine, 3 cwt. flour, and 2 cwt. biscuit allowed to Capt. Pynn as formerly for his private provision. Freight remitted to Robert Fox, mate of the London, of 70 lbs. of cloves. Renewed suit of Gabriel Hawley for charity, payment of his fees for lodging and diet at the Fleet, and release from prison in regard of his extreme poverty; he was advised to address himself to his uncle and brothers who are detaining him in prison, and not to trouble the Company any more. Suit of Morgan the Company's late brewer for an arrear owing for beer delivered aboard the Swallow, which had been detained on the information of Mr. Verneworthy that the beer was very bad, and that his bonds be delivered up to be cancelled; order to give him 20l. for a final end of all reckonings. Committees to speak with Mr. Leate concerning the ability and conversation of Mr. Collins, recommended by him and Capt. Slade to go preacher into the Indies. Motion on behalf of Mr. Muschampe, concerning his estate amounting to 1,500l. or upwards all in the Company's hands, his mace to be sold, and the money deposited in the Treasury till further order.
Dec. 10. Ordered that Mr. Woodall be allowed 3l. for diet, firing, and attendance of James, a Scottishman, who received a hurt aboard one of the Company's ships at Blackwall, and that James, a lusty young fellow and willing to proceed to the Indies, have 40s. so as he trouble the Company no further. Request of Mr. Woodall for an allowance of 8s. per week to find a surgeon to live at Blackwall and give attendance in the yard and ships, and for some satisfaction for almost three years during which he has cured many hurt in their service; to look out when he received 30l., and to bring a note of his cures and charges. Committees nominated to end the difference between Francis Norman and the Company. Demand of Mr. Briuly, who had contracted for all aloes succatrina, for a larger allowance of tare than was agreed on. Demand of Gabriel Hawley that the Court would withdraw their writ of ne exeat regnum against him upon which only he is detained, answered they would advise with their counsel. Freight remitted to Thomas Hartnoll, mate in the London of 2 cwt. of sugar, but not of 1 cwt. of indigo. Request of Mr. Swanley that his salary be enlarged from Lady Day last instead of Midsummer granted, the Court finding him to be a diligent and painful man. Resolved to bear the adventure of 180l. worth of coral bought for the Company's use by Mr. Governor at Marcellis (Marseilles).
Dec. 13. Ordered that 10l. be delivered to Mr. Swanley, churchwarden of the parish of Stepney (besides 10l. given to the poor of Stepney), to be distributed amongst divers poor widows whose husbands have died in the Company's service, according to their usual custom against this blessed time of the birth of our Lord now approaching, so that those who receive any part of this 10l. may not defraud those of Stepney. Committees to understand from Brinley whether he will accept or refuse his bargain of aloes. Petition of George Muschamp that since the Court is resolved to proceed by a legal course against him, they would re-deliver his goods and moneys on security to restore so much as by a legal course (moderated with a conscionable respect of his services and sufferings) shall be justly demanded, or that he may without offence seek redress by some other course, necessity compelling him to provide for maintenance and charges of law; referred to the mixed Committees. Petition of George Clarke to the Lords of the Council against the Company, concerning his bargain of cotton wool read, and the Company's answer to be made ready against Wednesday next. The freight of a pecull of pepper brought home in the London remitted to Mark Bromly. Ordered that Francis Norman be paid 5l. Mr. Collins, a suitor as preacher, commended for his abilities and civil conversation, appointed to preach on Wednesday next come sennight from the text, "Work while it is day, the night will come when no man can work." 9½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 111–120.]
Dec. 13.
At night, Surat.
107. President Tho. Rastell to John Banggam. Has come to an accord with the vakeel of Tusherif Chann about the freight of his 36 bales of cloth. For the rest if he finds Moguls, Persians, or others unreasonable, weigh their bales to make their deceit the more visible. Entries in the Custom House shall be sent so soon as they can be procured, but he may keep the originals of these letters as himself will Banggam's, and deliver them for entry in the registers. Endorsed, "Recd the 14th ditto." ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1327.]
Dec. 15.
East India House.
108. The East India Company to the Privy Council. Answer the petition of George Clarke as required by their Lordships by giving an account of the Company's proceedings with him in reference to his contract for a parcel of cotton wool at 7d. per lb., wherein they hope it doth appear that they have no way defrauded Clarke as he most unjustly suggests; and as touching his pretence that he has traded with the Company for above 40,000l., it is most untrue, for by their books it doth not exceed 5,000l. 2 pp. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 86.]
Dec. 15.109. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Gratuity of 20l. to Mr. Woodall, surgeon, for 2½ years' extraordinary service in curing divers of the Company's servants hurt aboard ship or in the yards, and for boat hire, &c. William, son of Edward Simkins, one of the Company's porters, entertained apprentice for this intended voyage. On petition of the churchwardens and inhabitants of Ratcliffe for an enlargement of the Company's charitable contribution this year by reason of the many widows and orphans in that hamlet, and that they have been forced to enlarge their assessments this year 10 months' extraordinary, and yet it comes short to relieve them. Ordered that the 20l. be distributed in manner following, 7l. to the poor of Ratcliffe, 4l. to Limehouse, 4l. to Blackwall, and 5l. amongst the poor widows, petitioners to the Court, to each 18d., and if any of the 5l. remain, to be sent to the churchwardens of Ratcliffe. The Company's answer to Mr. Clarke's petition to the Lords read and ordered to be delivered to Sir Wm. Becher. At the earnest request of the wife of Capt. Weddell ordered that 20l. out of her husband's wages be granted to her in regard of her present use of money, having lately married one of her daughters. 1½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 120, 121.]
Dec. 16.
Surat.
110. President Thos. Rastell to John Banggam. Has received his of yesterday, and approves his diligence. The goods purloined from the James shall be made good to the owner out of the delinquent's wages, whose corporal punishment shall follow in view of the parties offended. Endorsed, "The President of the 16th Decembr. Received the 17th ditto, 1630." 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1319.]
Dec. 17–20.111. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Visit of the Earl of Denbigh accompanied by Sir John Watts, who having acknowledged the Company's love, upon the reception of his Majesty's letters concerning his passage for Persia and the Indies, and assured them he would be ever ready to do them all friendly offices in his power, desired the Company to make their demands for the expense of diet and other charges of himself and followers; whereupon three Committees were nominated, and the Earl of Denbigh signed the following agreement, viz.:—That said Earl with his kinsman Capt. Fielding and five attendants shall take passage upon the Mary for Persia, paying for the ships' allowance the sum of 70l. for six months, and if his Lordship take passage for Surat, he shall allow for himself and followers per month of 30 days according to the rate of 1l. 13s. 4d.; and whereas his Lordship has paid 70l. to the Treasurer, it is agreed that if he shall continue aboard longer than six months he shall pay to the Captain or Purser of the ship where he lands, according to said rate, and his Lordship undertakes to provide for himself such extraordinary provisions as he shall conceive needful. Ordered that a broke imposed on George Bennett for eight bales of calicoes said to be unduly shipped out and returned into the land, be remitted, certificate being produced from the officers of the Custom House at Calais that said bales were there landed and paid custom, and have since been sold in Flanders. Motion for clearing George Brewen's accounts the rather that it was alleged that by his provident expense at Armagon where he was chief Factor he had saved the Company 1,000 ryals at least, but the Court remembering he is charged with selling their anchors, masts, and other provisions, and with much more, ordered that the clearing of his accounts be respited, but 200l. to be paid him on account. Ordered that 12 cases of strong waters, very acceptable for presents at Surat and Persia, be forthwith provided, and 20l. worth of knives. Richard Swinglehurst to inquire about the carriage and demeanour of Mr. Wells, commended to be entertained as a preacher, during the time of his living at Dulwich. Ordered that 100l. be distributed amongst the poorer sort of clothworkers in part of payment to supply their present occasions against this blessed time of Christmas. Also that 50l. be paid to John Dorrell, late Surgeon of the London, on account of wages and debts, the remain to be respited until examination of the complaint against him for leaving the Company's service in the Indies.
Dec. 20. Report of Mr. Governor, that having attended the Lord Treasurer to understand whether the Articles of Peace with Spain included a peace between the English and Portugal in the East Indies, that they might prepare themselves accordingly, his Lordship answered that the Conditions of Peace are such as were made with Spain in King James's time, wherein it was conceived that the peace was then and is now to be extended as well beyond as this side the line, and that upon the coming over of Sir Francis Cottington, shortly expected and on treaty with the Spanish Commissioners his Lordship is very persuaded the same will be so explained by them; but for this voyage he advised them to go strongly prepared, not doubting before the setting forth of the next ships to effect what shall be desired, the King of Spain being as willing to embrace as they are to propound anything in this kind. Suit of Mr. Baily, a minister, for employment as a preacher in the Indies, rejected, being a married man. Draught of a Bill to be exhibited in Chancery against Messrs. Muschamp, Bix, and Coggins, read and appointed to be read again before the mixed Committee, that such accusations as some of the mixed Committee pretend to have collected against the parties may be inserted in the Bill, and Counsel attend for their correction and amendment. 5 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 122–126.]
Dec. 20.
Surat.
112. President Rastell to John Banggam at Swally Marine. There needs little answer to his of the 18th more than that he must hold the Persians, &c. to such filling terms for their freight as may acquit us of all carelessness or partiality in those affairs. He has order not to accept goods without tickets. Endorsed, "Recd the 21st" ditto. ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1328.]
Dec. 22.
Surat.
113. President Rastell to John Banggam. Perceives by his of yesterday the slowness of the Persians, &c. in shipping their goods, which he may not permit without Rastell's ticket. How the James, William, and Blessing should be capable of so poor a quantity as 1,200 and odd parcels, which take little more room than half that quantity of our bafta bales, begets his admiration, and not without a great jealousy of some exorbitancy in private trade, which becomes not Banggam's concealment. Expects due information thereof, and desires him to press the Commanders not to suffer the Company's freight to be grossly prejudiced beyond compare of former years, which have bred such wonderment in the adventurers. Has given tickets for 1,424 parcels of all sorts, which far exceeding the number (937) he mentions, is a great mystery, and requires to be looked into; sends enclosed a list of the particulars so licensed, to compare with his own registers. 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1329.]
Dec. 23–24.114. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Reasons preferred by Capts. Slade and Pynn to induce the Court to enlarge the number of men and proportion of victuals for the Mary and Exchange; but after large debate it was resolved to add 10 men and no more to each ship, viz., to the Mary 210 and to the Exchange 190, and 50 men for the Speedwell. Petition of Mr. Mynors, Master of the Speedwell, demonstrating his many good services, by the discovery of Bombay, Danda, Ragapoore, Tomina, Sagapoore, and Carrapatan, and by taking two junks out of Deball and two out of Tomina, and praying either for increase of salary or some gratification. As an argument of the good opinion of the Court towards him, they enlarged his salary from 6l. per month to 20 nobles, which he most thankfully acknowledged, offering that if upon his return they shall find he hath not deserved these wages, then to give him nothing at all. Petition of Richard Allen, now entertained as a Factor, for some gratification to set him to sea, in regard of his 11 years' service, and his great loss at St. Christopher's, where he lost all he had got in the Company's service, denied in respect of the consequence; but 10l. imprested to him on account of his wages. The allowance to be given to the clothworkers for dressing the Company's cloth referred to the Committees who buy the cloth. Representation of Mr. Governor that it hath always been their custom to present at New Year's tide divers of the Lords and others of quality, whom the Company have occasion many times to make use of, with some token of the New Year; the Court conceived there was a kind of necessity for continuance of this custom, howbeit they wished it might be sparingly done, and therefore ordered that what was done last year to the Lords and others should be this year likewise performed, or otherwise as Mr. Governor and Mr. Deputy should think fit. Ordered that Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir Paul Pinder, Mr. Dawse, and Mr. Jacob, the farmers and officers of the Custom House, be severally remembered and gratified with such a proportion of spice as they were last year for their courtesies in the dispatch of the Company's ships. Motion of the executor of Mr. Scudamore concerning his estate. Ordered that 26l., spent by Mr. Muschamp in provisions bought of two ships at sea for relief of the sick men in the London, be allowed. Motion of Mr. Muschamp for delivery of his papers and bezoar stones, referred to the Committees formerly entreated to deliver his apparel. Ordered that the bonds of Capt. Hall, Mr. Alnutt, and Mr. Pashley for their last voyage be delivered to them in regard they have cleared for that voyage, and are now to enter into new bonds. Ordered to pay John Price's bill for painting and gilding the Company's barge; also the bill of Edmond Chambers, Master of the barge, and Mr. Acton's for law charges.
Dec. 24. Visit of Mrs. Fagg, accompanied by Sir Robert Darcy and Mr. Bercher, one of the attorneys in the Exchequer, to make known her desire rather to compose her difference with the Company concerning a parcel of the Moon's pepper than to stand to a sentence in law; offers made on both sides, but neither accepted, and Mrs. Fagg desired time to consider. Motion of Mr. Treasurer that he forthwith pay to the farmers of the Custom House on discount 3,044l. 19s. 2d., due to them on 15th Jan. next, for the subsidy of their ships Hart, Speedwell, and Expedition. Eight several papers presented by Abraham Chamberlain and Mr. Hollinshead, containing accusations against Messrs. Muschamp, Bix, Coggins and Capt. Slade, read. The Court required the originals that they might know the accusers, but Chamberlain utterly denied either to deliver the originals or to make known their names, but said any one appointed by the Court may examine and compare the copies with the originals. Mr. Acton directed to compare said papers with the bill, and if there be anything more than is already laid down in the bill, to insert the same, that the defendants may be fully charged. 5½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 127–132.]
Dec. 24.
Surat.
115. President Rastell to John Banggam. Has received his of the 22nd and 23rd, and is amazed that the Commanders have failed so much in their first computation of stowage, which now falls short nearly one half of what they had promised. If any gross abuse in private trade be the cause, he may tell the Commanders that the integrity Rastell owes to the Company will incite him to call it to account. Prays therefore to solicit them to advance the Company's freight to the utmost of safety, and to communicate these lines to them to stir up a sensibility of their reputes and care to their employers' benefit; and withal to let him know of Capt. Bickley and Mr. Morris (now that their English returns are taken in) what further quantities of bales their ships may be capable of. The Company's goods yet to be laden for Persia are little more than half the bulk of the silk they ought to receive in Persia, and therefore shall expect a good assistance from them towards pleasuring the Moors, whose bales are on the Marine. Except such as belong to their greatest friends of note, he may forbear to ship until his answer hereto receive a reply. If Tusherif Chann's three bales are still reserved for survey, he will have no peace with this Governor. Prays him to tell Capt. Morton that the Dutch and all other Christians here are his solemnly invited guests tomorrow, and to entreat him to send up "the Musick" (or so many of them as are well) to grace our entertainment, and to be here if not to-night early in the morning. Endorsed, "24th Decr. Received the Ditto. 1630," &c. 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1330.]
Dec. 24.
Surat.
116. President Rastell to (Capt. Bickley). Desires him to forbear to lade the cotton yarn till the arrival (daily expected) of the rest of the Company's goods appointed for Persia, which he would have first shipped, that by trial of their bulk they may ascertain how many bales of silk the two ships will be capable of, and be resolved whether to lade the cotton yarn or no, as being the last goods he is to receive for England. Endorsed, "Copy of a letter to Capt Bickell of the 24 December 1630." ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1331.]
Dec. 27.
Armagon.
117. Henry Sill, Christopher Reade, and Nicholas Bix to (the Factors at Bantam). Since the Dove's dispeed from Masulipatam in September last no convenient opportunity of conveyance has been proffered, and this has been delayed by foul weather and the bad dealings of the Governors of Masulipatam and Pettapoli. Send copies of their last, with bill of lading and abstract of the invoice. Were very confident when that was sent of this ship the Falcon's more timely dispeed and with a far better conditioned investment; but so adverse are the times that they shall not equal it from Masulipatam and Pettapoli, and for the paintings and woven cloth of this place, the last was very bad, but never worse than those now sent, yet cannot justly blame their merchants if they consider the dearness of cotton, four times the price of former years, and the extraordinary famine in each town and village. Had the goodness of the cloth been correspondent to former times, the price must have followed. They will understand by letters of the President and Council at Surat that this famine has so possessed those parts as to make them doubt the losing of a monsoon for England. They will understand, by letters from their worships and Geo. Willoughby, the Company's resolution for diverting the Presidency of Bantam to an agency, with order hereafter to give account to the President and Council in Surat. Refer to the copy of the general letter to Surat subscribed by the ministers of the Old and New Stocks, and to the bearer, Lawrence Henley, who can give them reasons how necessary the keeping of one or two small vessels upon this coast may be to this trade, and how to be employed to defray that charge. Have laden upon this ship Falcon cloth for the Old Stock's account, as by bill of lading and invoice will appear, and have returned the rest of the camphor, not finding vent for it. Have entered the Falcon's charges of Masulipatam for the better distinguishing that factory's charges, which are to be divided between the Stocks in proportion to their investments. Pray speedy advice how the several goods sent by the Dove and this ship find vent, especially the paintings and woven cloth, with what heads, bodies, flowers, and making are most in request. Desire them to give the Dutch satisfaction for a cable 100 fathom long and 13 inches thick received for the Falcon's use. Have given passage to two Danish merchants and four bales of cloth, with the consent of Mr. Willoughby, one of whom, by reason of his experience in the Persian tongue, stood them in great stead in their Persian troubles. In the time of the Portugal forces upon this coast they entertained three Danish soldiers, the ships being at Masulipatam, but understanding their master's order that none should be admitted into their service but by themselves at home, have dismissed them, but in regard of the famine granted them passage to Bantam. Endorsed, "Received in Bantam 11th Feb. 1630 per ship Falcon." 2 pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1332.]
Dec. 29.118. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Gratuity of 5l. to Elizabeth Fitch, a widow 66 years old, whose son, Peter Fitch, a sailor, her only stay and comfort, was slain the 24th inst. in helping to launch the London, upon promise never to trouble the Company hereafter in this respect. Letters read from Mr. Misselden and Mr. Fletcher advertising Mr. Barlow's disaster [in the margin insolvent], and desiring the Company's favour by continuing him in their employment, which will much comfort and countenance him, and be a means in time to repair his estate; ordered that a comfortable letter be written to Mr. Barlow in the Company's name, expressing sorrow for his misfortune, and that they are very willing and desirous to have him continue his weekly advertisements, and when they have any other employments they will consider him as their old servant. And as an assurance thereof they are content (understanding he has a son trained up as a merchant) to employ him into the Indies, either in this fleet or the next. Wm. Gibson and Robert Loftus, Factors in Persia, especially recommended by Mr. Burt for increase of salary, their present means being but very small; Loftus' wages increased to 50l. per annum, but Gibson to be considered hereafter, as his time is not yet expired, and he has a rise of 10l. yearly. Peter Andrewes elected Master of the Exchange under Capt. Pynn, void by the death of Robert Smith, at 5l. per month. 2 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 132–134.]
Dec. 29.
Surat.
119. President Rastell to John Banggam. The bales complained of for their magnitude, belonging to their best friends, the Shabander, the Governor's brother, and others, must be laden aboard some of the ships though part of the Company's cotton yarn be left behind, the fair passage and nimble despatch of their business this year having deserved far greater courtesy. Again recommends those he pretends to be absent to be the first of all others preferred in lading. To see shipped 13 fardells more belonging to Agigialla, that he be no more tormented with these men's importunities. Is importuned again by the Shabander, Governor's brother, and Meirzedallee Cassee, whose goods let be instantly laden. Endorsed, "Received the 30th Ditto 1630." 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1333.]
Dec. 31.120. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Request of Mr. Boultell that if any of Robert Barlow's estate remain in the Company's hands after they have satisfied themselves he may receive the debt due to him; answered that no man shall be served before him. Ordered that Capt. Hall have liberty to carry in the Palsgrave, which wants 200 tons at least of her full lading, 20 tuns of beer and wine, paying 40 Rs. of 8 per ton freight to the Company's agent at Bantam, as also the proceeds of the said beer and wine at the rate of 6s. per ryal, to be paid to him in England upon his return. Two petitions read of divers of the better sort of the Company's workmen and officers, namely, shipwrights, caulkers, joiners, sawyers, labourers, and men of all sorts belonging to their ships, praying they may have a surgeon to attend them upon all occasions, and promising to allow him monthly 2d. or weekly ½d. to be deducted out of the wages of each man, as well master as servant. Ordered that Mr. Woodall or some surgeon by his appointment attend this service, and that their officers on land and pursers aboard carefully gather said contribution of each man in pay aboard their ships in harbour and in or near their works in Blackwall, and be answerable to Mr. Woodall for the same. Report of Mr. Deputy, of Mr. Recorder, and Mr. Herne concerning the two bills intended to be exhibited in Chancery against Capt. Slade and against Messrs. Muschamp, [Richard] Bix, and Coggins for private trade and other misdemeanours; ordered, in regard this business is of much consequence and many eyes are upon the Court of Committees, that the beadle warn the standing and mixed Committee upon a penalty of 10s. a man, to attend in Court on Monday next, to hear said bills again, and that Mr. Recorder and Mr. Herne be present, so that their opinions being publicly delivered upon the general and particular charges of the bill, they may determine upon the course most advantageous for the Company. George Collins entertained preacher in the Mary at 50l. per annum, and 20l. on account of his wages imprested to him for books and other necessaries. 2½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 134–136.]
Dec. 31.
Surat.
121. President Thos. Rastell, Joseph Hopkinson, James Bickford, and Arthur Suffeylde to the East India Company. Refer to their last letters of 12 April by the Charles and Jonas, and of 26 July from the Bay Augustine by the President, who with the James, William, and Mary departed thence the next day, and meeting the Discovery and Reformation, after consultation all five ships proceeded for Surat where they arrived 22 Sept. The Portugal fleet attend our ships' arrival; their stratagems against us. At the importunity of this people our fleet release their junk. The enemy assault our tents on shore, who are encountered by our choicest musketeers and Commanders, and pursued into the water chin deep, and having massacred the greater part return with a glorious victory and 27 Portugals prisoners. All this was in sight of divers Moguls and these country people, who in admiration of so strange a manner of fighting dispersed their letters to the Court and divers parts of this kingdom, and aver the like battle to have never been seen, heard of, or ever read of in story which has added more to our nation's fame than all our sea fights in India. The enemy's stratagems against our ships and how prevented. Universal dearth, the country wholly dismantled by drought, and no grain to be bought for either man or beast tho' at seven fold the former price. The labouring men, weavers, washers, dyers abandon their habitations in multitudes who have perished in the fields for want of food. Greatly hindered in their business at first by the want of carts and beasts of burden. Having settled the several factories gave directions for the provision of the necessary goods against next year's return for the second general voyage. Will now answer the points of the Company's letters of 9 March 1629(–30) received by the James as are pertinent to them. The danger of dispatching our ships from hence has made them resolve to make Persia the last port in regard of the Vice-King's expected preparations in Goa, and the Dutch fleet not having arrived from Batavia to make good our strength again. Have used all possible endeavours this year to prevent the cutting open of the calico bales. Will refer to the goods the Company have forbidden [to be bought] in a fitter place. Gold generally profitable in Surat, so have forborne to send any of the small quantity sent, to Persia upon uncertain expectation, the fitting proportion is one third gold and two thirds ryals. Will restrain their sea Commanders in their profuse expense of fresh victuals and ships' stores. Mr. Wylde's proposition of settling a residence in Scinde hath been a dispute of long antiquity; reasons why it would not stand with the Company's safety to wade too far in that business. Refer to their judgment Boothby's removal from this place to Brodera together with his sufferings since and final sequestration from the Company's employment. Will according to orders settle three persons as Council constantly in Surat. Supplies of India commodities for Surat. Part the presents for Persia fell in this Governor's hands who has detained them. Has acquainted the Company's servants in the Moguls country that Thos. Rastell is President for the general direction of all their affairs in India, that the presidency in Bantam is suppressed and also the power of judicature of the Council there. Touching the commodities to be invested in for supplies; reasons why they have ordered the buying of 30,000 more white calicoes of all sorts than in the Company's commission. Have given orders for the making of good cloths, the kinds which they have utterly forbidden the Factors to buy at Ahmedabad and elsewhere; those which will sell well in Turkey. The Company's commission for a large investment this year of indigo and a lesser quantity of calicoes crossed by the great want of rains, and buyers of the last year's growth who had the choicest, so that there is left but a poor remain of refuse stuff. Think gumlack may be furnished better at Masulipatam than Surat. Will furnish every ship with such quantities of double refined saltpetre as they are able; also cotton according to whether other goods are scarce or plentiful for the next ships' returns for England, but forbear investment at present as well as cotton wool having risen double in price. Will send no more of the goods prohibited by the Company; spikenard, sugar, dry ginger, aloes, quilts, or carpets until contradicted. As to the long pepper bought by the mariners. The Company shall be satisfied in their desires by the supply of 20 or 30 jars of green ginger of the largest, clearest, and tender branches; also with bloodstones of the deepest yet lively colours and neatly cut, but the paler sorts are forbidden. Cinnamon, a bulky commodity and dear, is more fit for Persia, but not profitable, hence for England. About lading the James from the southwards at Surat on her way to England by shooting the pepper out of her into vacant places amongst the bales in other ships and so supplying the room with richer goods. Have forbidden the lading of oil to avoid the damage to goods by leakage. Concerning the Company's orders for the disposure of the James, William, and Blessing. The delinquency of Factors in private trade; think Skibbowe is wronged; reasons; commends him as discreet and temperate; necessity forces them to detain him for a time to assist at consultations and complete his accounts. The Company may expect also their ancient servant Barbar, who, when he has finished his accounts,"is absolutely determined for his country," so likewise are they deprived of two able young men, Richard Preddis and Wm. Price, by the hand of death, so are obliged to detain Thos. Wilbraham and Rich. Belfield for the Company's service. Thos. Robinson and Wm. Clarke set aside for the southwards. The several factories will but be furnished with the number appointed by the Company the Court (in Persia) only excepted which will require one at least, if not a couple, to be always with the King for opposing complaints and soliciting other occasions. Remarks upon the lack of Factors in Persia, as also to the southwards in Bantam, Jambi, and Macassar; and the procuring supplies for Persia in India commodities, and from Ahmedabad and Cambaya in sugar, sugar-candy, cinnamon, and other goods. Famine and war hinder the trade and frustrate all hopes of vending English commodities. Cannot advise to whom belong the 25 bales of silk belonging to private men. The sword blades detained by the Governor in the Custom House, so cannot speak of their worth. Account of goods laden aboard the Discovery and Reformation with 1,400 bales of silk yet to be shipped for the first Persian voyage. Reasons why they have thought it most equitable that certain goods specified in these two ships, and to follow on the James's fleet next year should go upon the joint adventures of the first and second voyages according to their several proportions of monies disbursed by each voyage. Why the indigo was not sent home in the last ships. Account of how they stand engaged in Surat for the Old Stock's debts, little less than 41,000l. sterling upon interest, and how much it prejudices the Company's business. Have advised Willoughby, not yet returned with the Star from the coast of Coromandel, to draw from those southern parts 500 tons of pepper and as many cloves, nuts, mace, turtle shells, and sandal wood ready for the arrival of the James, and so furnish the markets both here and in Persia, and to help their next year's lading for England. Concerning the James's lading and return from Bantam, the detention of the Star upon the coast of Coromandel and the goods of the Old Stock lent to the second voyage. Sugar can be provided at Bantam at half the price it costs here, for Persia. Project for trade between Surat and Bantam. Ships intended for the coast should be sent from England by August at the furthest. Refer to Willoughby's letters, and remark upon his endeavours to re-settle in Masulipatam upon like privileges as the Dutch enjoy, his proposition of strong fortification in Armagon, and his accusations against Henry Sill and others for private trade. Have framed and sent interrogatories to all the Company's servants thereby to come to a true knowledge of their private trade. Defend Sill against Willoughby's charges of inability to do further service, his present sickness begins to leave him; Willoughby "accounted faulty." Letters received from Hoare in Bantam, money lent to supply the occasions of certain importunate Moors. Number and condition of the vessels remaining there which besides the Falcon and Dove are only the Swallow, Christopher, Abigail, and their three pinnaces Simon and Jude, John, and Macassar. The Abigail, a crazy ship, the Christopher leaky, the rest though accounted serviceable utterly destitute of men and fitting equipage. What ships are needful in Bantam, Jambi, and Macassar, which having purchased their lading may apply themselves for Surat in their passage home for England. Account of the spoils committed by the Portugals upon Dutch ships. The Dutch send no ships from Bantam to Surat this year, which savours rather of treachery to leave us in the lurch unto the strength of the Portugals, and to shift us off singly into the jaws of mischief, themselves coming late in the rear with sufficient strength to subsist alone. Reasons why the Company should consider how much it concerns their safety in these parts to depend upon their power. Have therefore resolved on their return from Persia to dispeed the James, William, and Blessing all together to Bantam first, from whence they hope they may receive their dispatch by 15th or 20th June for the islands to meet the next year's fleet out of England. Find the trade of Macassar for cloves exceeds the Company's hopes this year producing not less than 200 tons. It is affirmed that the Swallow is now made returnable thence for England with a good part or all their cloves which would frustrate their own hopes. Account of goods sold which were received by the James, William, and Blessing. The mariners bring better cloths than the Company send, and will in time be the only merchants for that commodity, no reds wanted. One hundred pigs of lead a fitting quantity for yearly vent, also 600 or 700 maunds of quicksilver. Rough amber mixed with white but clear and yellow a vendible commodity, also vermilion, but to be sparing of supplies in coral. The King's continued wars fill the ways with desperate multitudes so that travellers if not murdered seldom escape unrifled; the injury to trade and lessening of customs. Five junks laden from Surat for Gombroon. The Emperor highly enraged at the Portugals insolency; their overthrow at Seilon with the loss of 700 men, which has prevented them from encountering us this year. Commendations of the mariners and valiant Commanders; have limited their stay in Persia to 1st March at furthest, and in case of the silks not coming down this year to dispeed away the Discovery alone with all the finer goods of India for England, the Reformation to accompany the other ships for Surat. The nobleman who bought Sir Francis Crane's tapestry still a debtor for it; the great bribes, presents, and charges still depending upon it; the whole story of Vulcan sold. Are in treaty for the sale of Capt. Andrewes and Hugh Perry's tapestries. Send list of Factors in the Mogul's country; the wages of Thos. Smith and others whose time is expired increased, those of note being Arthur Suffeylde, one of their Council; John Norris, chief in Baroach; and Ralph Rand. Concerning their accounts and those which are balanced, our friends in Persia two years' behindhand with theirs. Rich. Barbar's services very necessary in Cambaya. Quantity of indigo provided in Agra, and the price which is much risen in consequence of the drought, and many greedy buyers; its scarcity and increasing value. Have been necessitated to buy the pepper upon these two ships at higher rates. Also
1631.
Jan. 6.
Aboard the James, Port Swally.
122. P.S.—Ten Portugals prisoners sent home the rest shall follow; holding it a point of wisdom to lessen their enemies in India. Request a yearly supply of presents, also of elephants teeth their value. About the estate of Wm. Price. In want of quills, paper, and ink. Have at last discovered that our own men in the long boat are the thieves that rip open and purloin from the bales of calico. Recommend Charles Scott who received a dangerous shot through both legs in fight with the Portugals. Endorsed, Rec. 11 April 1632 by the way of Ispahan and Turkey enclosed in the letter of our Persian Factors. 24 pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1335.]
1630.
Dec. 31.
123. Copy of the preceding letter and postscript of 6th January 1631, with marginal notes on each page. Endorsed,"Rec. in a pa from Persia overland by the way of Turkey, via Constantinople and Venice 4 Junii 1632." 20 pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1336.]
Dec. 31.
Surat.
124. President Tho. Rastell, Joseph Hopkinson, James Bickford, and Arthur Suffeylde to (Capt. Weddell and his fleet). Are not ignorant of the Company's Commission limiting their stay at the Islands of Comoro to the 10th July next in expectation of the William and Blessing, which should have proceeded immediately from Surat to the Mauritius and thence to St. Lawrence and the said islands; but being necessitated to send them in company with the Great James to Bantam, especially for security against the common enemy, who now grown powerful is mischievously bent to endeavour their ruin at first approach upon the coast of Persia or India. Send this advice to enjoin their stay at the said islands till the 20th of August, by which time the Bantam fleet have instructions to be with them. But if God should frustrate their much desired conjunction so that they might proceed with joint forces for Persia and Surat, ordain that the 20th August expired they immediately apply themselves alone for Persia, disburden themselves of the estate consigned thither, and not tarrying longer there for the said fleet than the 20th Oct., presecute their voyage for Surat, not meddling with any estate belonging to the first or second voyage in Persia, but first to try their fortunes upon this coast with the enemy, of whose stratagems by fire plots they must be very cautious, and having to deal with frigates to be well furnished with stones in their ships' tops, &c., with half tubs of water in all parts of their ships, and with fire pots to answer them in their own element. That their people also be daily exercised to their small shot, which must serve them to principal use, as by this year's service they have with good success experienced. And it behoves them at those islands to be always vigilant, with their ships' "priddy" and ordnance clear on all occasions, it is supposed the enemy intend some exploit there, if not this yet next year upon their outward bound ships; wonder they have thus long neglected so fair an opportunity. Endorsed,"Directed to Cap. Weddell's fleet. Rec. 20 July 1634 from Plymouth out of Capt Quaile's ship," &c. 2 pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1334.]
[1630. Dec.]125. Memorial of Paul Trigg to Sec. Lord Dochester [see ante, No. 97]. Containing an abstract of the business of the East India Company relating to the loss of their ship Union which was cast away at Audierne in 1611 and her goods plundered by the inhabitants, and the legal proceedings in several courts in France for recovery of upwards of 80,000l. sterling of which judgment was obtained for 20,000l., but could not be recovered. That the East India Company after 12 years' expense and delay gave it over, and Trigg their attorney, who had prosecuted the cause all that time, only received 30l., and to this day all his labours, pains, and costs to the value of 4,000 crowns have taken no effect. Entreats his Lordship to consider how he hath been miserably abused in following this unfortunate business these 20 years, that he hath spent his youth, consumed himself, and is indebted at least 600l., and that his Lordship would cause those of the East India Company interested in that voyage to declare whether they will still follow that suit in France by his means and pay his wages and charges disbursed since they gave it over, or whether they will fully give up their interest to him, that he may recover the same as he can. Endorsed by Sec. Lord Dorchester,"Trigg's information of the East Indian cause in France. Decemb. 1630." 2½ pp. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 87.]
[About 1630 ?]126. Objections of the East India Company against the Hollanders. The East India Company complain of scandalous speeches and informations to the King and people of Ternate that our merchants were pirates, and the State of England poor and of small force by sea, which induced that King to banish them. Also of open wrongs, being often shot at by the Hollanders and assaulted on shore. On this complaint at the instance of Mr. Secretary, then Ambassador there [Sir Dudley Carleton], the States deputed some to repair to England to treat with some appointed by his Majesty. The points of conquest and contract debated, but in the end the States Deputies declared they had no instructions to conclude, so the treaty broke off. 1¼ pp. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 88.]
Petitions to the East India Company of Persons who solicit Employment, Increase of Wages, or Payments of Wages due to their Relatives in the Company's Service.
DateName of Petitioner.Subject of Petition.Reference.
1630.Court Min. Bk.
July 9Dr. Page, of DeptfordEmployment as Purser's Mate for Edward Knipe his wife's son.XII. p. 9
" 30Sir Robert HeathEntertainment for Wm. Heath, his kinsman." 19 "
Aug. 6Joan, wife of John CawtleyPart of her husband's wages" 21 "
" "Jane, wife of George PetersSame" " "
" "Alice, wife of James GibsonSame" " "
" "Martha, wife of Thomas MillerSame" " "
" "Mary, wife of Thomas PhillittSame" " "
" "John Wood, Master of the Little James.Money due to him" 22 "
" "SameHis servant's wages" " "
" 13John AllenPart of his servant Thomas Burt's wages." 27 "
Sept. 8Andrew Coggins, FactorWages on account" 32 "
" 17Captain ClevengerWages of his servant Robert Bragge." 38 "
Oct. 1The wife of Mr. Fuller, Preacher in the Charles.Part of her husband's wages" 45 "
" "Eliz., wife of John HartleySame" " "
" 4Mary MacknobbSame" 53 "
" 13Judith, wife of John Watts, carpenter.Same" 61 "
" 15Katherine, wife of John GilesSame" 67 "
" "Margery CaryPart of her son's wages" " "
" 27Anne, wife of George TrescottPart of her husband's wages" 74 "
Nov. 3Elizabeth BrowneSame" 80 "
" "Jane SpurlingeSame" " "
" "Richard Hudson, FactorRemission of freight" " "
" 10Mrs. HeathPart of her son Thomas Heath's wages." 84 "
" 12Anne, wife of, Wm. WillettPart of her husband's wages" 86 "
" "Johan, wife of Wm. TaylorSame" " "
" "Henry ThurkettlePart of his wages to Jacob Cotenseau." " "
" "Rebecca, mother of James WoodPart of her son's wages" " "
" 17Margaret, wife of Henry SmithPart of her husband's wages" 91 "
" "Wife of Edward EdwardsSame" " "
" "Frances, wife of Henry ElwoodSame" " "
" 19Mary NichollsPart of her son's wages" 94 "
" 22Mr. RoseEntertainment as Factor" 96 "
Dec. 1Margaret, wife of Wm. HowsonPart of her husband's wages" 108 "
" 6Anne, wife of Robert CobbSame" 112 "
" 8Mary, wife of Hugh BradleySame" 113 "
" "Francis NormanA debt paid to Mr. Walker" 114 "
" 15Thomas BlocksedgePart of his wages to his aged mother." 121 "
" 23James NicholsPart of his wages to Roger Younge until a loan of 10l. be paid." 130 "
" 29Margery, wife of Wm. MartynPart of her husband's wages" 133 "
" "Richard Allen, FactorPart of his wages to his sister Judith Robinson." " "
Transfers of Adventures in the East India Company.
DateFromToAmount.Name of Stock.Reference.
1630.£Court Min. Bk. XII.
July 23Anthony PennistoneHenry Derham1,200Second joint stockp. 17
" 30John Jacob, executor to Abraham Jacob.John Holloway3,600Same" 18
" "SameSame600First Persian voyage." "
Aug. 13John HarrisonJohn Holloway600Second joint stock" 25
" "SameSame500First Persian voyage." "
Sept. 3George RobinsJohn Milward2,000Second joint stock" 30
" 8Francis West, brother and executor to Nathaniel West, deceased.Francis West300Second Persian voyage." 32
" "SameSame300Third Persian voyage." "
" "Robert HudsonJohn Milward300First Persian voyage." "
Nov. 10Lyonell WrightSame3,500Second joint stock" 82
" 22Dr. AtkinsSir Morris Abbott1,200Same" 95
" 26Theophilus CopeJohn Milward2,850Same" 100
Dec. 6Wm. ClarkeCapt. Henry Andrewes.250First Persian voyage." 112
" 10Mr. WoodallGeorge Mynn250Second joint stock" 116
" 20Theophilus CopeJohn Milward500Same" 126