APPENDIX TO PREFACE.
Receipts and Issues of the Exchequer.
|—||Money in hand.||Receipts.||Issues.|
|1553, July 6 to Easter 1554.||4,995||10||1||31,112||10||9||33,442||13||5|
|1554, Easter to Michaelmas.||2,663||7||5||58,59||6||56,888||14||9|
|1554–5 Michaelmas to Easter.||4,373||10||2||82,786||4||3||81,438||7||2|
|1555, Easter to Michaelmas.||5,721||7||2||66,959||16||9||69,662||6||1|
|1555–6, Michaelmas to Easter.||2,918||17||11||146,276||1||5½||144,040||9||9½|
|1556, Easter to Michaelmas.||5,254||9||7||97,186||15||10||102,233||4||8|
|1556–7, Michaelmas to Easter.||208||0||9||166,382||4||1||114,040||1||10|
|1557, Easter to Michaelmas.||2,551||1||3||179,858||0||3||179,119||6||4|
|1557–8, Michaelmas to Easter.||3,291||15||2||168,519||7||9||166,722||15||0|
|1558, Easter to Michaelmas.||5,088||7||6||266,938||19||4||267,617||6||6|
|1558–9, Michaelmas to Easter.||4,110||0||4||116,389||19||0||108,355||8||8|
|1559, Easter to Michaelmas.||12,144||10||8½||122,685||14||7||122,620||1||9|
The interment of the most high, most puissant, and most excellent
Princess Mary the First of that name, late Queen of England, Spain,
France, both the Sicilies, Jerusalem, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith,
Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Burgundy, Milan, and Brabant,
Countess of Hapsburg, Flanders, and Tyrol, who ordained to her executors
and overseers as followeth, viz.:
The names of the executors:
The Lord Cardinal Pole.
The Archbishop of York.
The Marquis of Winchester.
The Earl of Arundel.
The Earl of Westmoreland.
The Earl of Shrewsbury.
The Earl of Derby.
The Earl of Sussex.
The Earl of Pembroke.
The Viscount Montague.
The Bishop of Ely.
The Lord Clinton.
The Lord Hastings of Loughborough.
Sir William Peter.
Sir William Cordell.
The names of the assistants to the will:
Sir Thomas Cornwallis.
Sir Henry Jerningham.
Sir Edward Walgrave.
Sir Francis Ingelfeld.
Sir John Baker.
It is to be remembered that the said Princess departed out of this
transitory life and world on Tuesday in the morning between five and six
of the clock, the xvij day of November in the year of our Lord God 1558,
and in the vj year of Her Highness's reign, at her manor of S. James's,
beyond the Charing Cross; who after her departure was perused by the
Lords of the Council and Ladies of the realm, and after opened, cered, and
tramelled in this manner.
First, her Grace's physicians, with the surgeons, did open her, and
took out all her bowels with the heart, the which was afterwards coffered
and buried sumptuously in the chapel; her heart being severally enclosed
in a coffer covered with velvet bound with silver, which was also buried
in the said chapel. And after that the surgeons had done their parts as
aforesaid, then the clerk of the spicery with the officers of the chaundery
came and cered the said royal corpse with linen cloth wax, and with a
number of spices, very costly. After the which the said corpse was
coffined, and then the sergeant plumber enclosed the same in lead, the
which coffin was covered with purple velvet and laid over the seams with
lace and nailed with gilt nails. The said noble corpse being thus cered
and coffined was brought forth into the Privy Chamber and there
remained in this order.
Item; the said Privy Chamber was hanged with black cloth and
garnished with scutcheons of arms over buckram in fine gold of her arms
and the King's in pall within the Garter, and some of her own arms
within the Garter. And in the same chamber stood the corpse upon a
table with two trestles covered with a pall of rich cloth of gold, and over
the said pall were fastened vj scutcheons of sarsnet in fine gold of her
arms within the Garter. And there were attendant every day, gentlewomen which did pray about the same with lights burning and watch
every night with Dirige and Mass every day, and there remained till
Saturday the tenth day of December that order was taken for the removing of the said corpse to the chapel, as followeth.
Item; this done aforesaid, the Archbishop of York, the Marquis of
Winchester, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Earl of Westmoreland, with
others, were appointed to set to take order for the funeral and for the
bringing down of the said corpse into the chapel. Who, having commission to do the same, sent for Garter principal King-of-Arms, for to
understand the order and what was to be done; who declared unto them
in all points the order and what was to be done therein. Then they took
order for the furnishing of the foresaid chapel in manner following.
The Manner of the Furniture of the Chapel at S. James's.
Item; it was hanged with black cloth and garnished with scutcheons
in metal as aforesaid. The High Altar was trimmed with purple velvet,
and in the Dean's place was hanged a canopy of purple velvet, and in the
midst of the said chapel there was made a hearse four square, of xlvj
great trappers, the which did weigh xx lb. weight the piece, being wrought
with crowns and roses of the same; and beneath the same trappers a
valence of sarsnet with the Queen's word written with letters of gold, and
a fringe of gold about the same valence, and within that valence another
valence of buckram with a fringe of black silk. The said hearse was richly
set with pencils and scutcheons of arms in metal. There was under the
said hearse a majesty of taffeta with a dome gilded, and four Evangelists in
the four corners of the said majesty. The vj posts were covered with
black velvet, and over every post a scutcheon of sarsenet in fine gold.
The rail of the said hearse within was hanged with broad cloth and the
ground within both rails covered with black. Also the outer side of the
stalls, which was instead of the rails, on each side was hanged with black.
At each end there was made a rail overthwart the said chapel, which was
also hanged with black and garnished with scutcheons. Within the rails
stood xv stools covered with fine black cloth, and over the same xv
cushions of purple velvet, and under the feet, to kneel on, xv cushions of
black cloth. At the upper end of the hearse without the rail there was
made an altar, which stood on the left hand of the quire covered with
purple velvet, which was richly garnished with ornaments of the Church.
Which chapel being thus furnished, order was given to the sergeant of
the vestry for the safe keeping of the same till such time as the said royal
corpse was brought down into the said chapel.
The bringing down of the Corpse into the Chapel at S. James's.
Item; all things [being] in arediness as aforesaid, on Saturday the x
day of December the corpse was brought down in this manner. Warning
was given to all manner of estates having black to give their attendance
the said day at Dirige, and about three of the clock, when all things were
ready, the great chamber with the stairs and the court to the chapel door
was hanged with black and garnished with scutcheons. Then the Lords
and Ladies assembled together in the Chamber of Presence and Great
Chamber, whereat all the officers of the house stood with torches, with
divers of the Lords. Then the Bishop of Worcester, the Bishop of
Chester, the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and the Bishop of Exeter,
with the Queen's chapel went up to fetch the said corpse, and the chapel
stood in the Great Chamber, and the Bishops went into the Chamber of
Presence and censed the corpse and said diverse prayers; and after the
said corpse was taken up by viij gentlemen and all the other sat in order,
that is to say, first the Cross, and on the other side a white branch. Then
the chapel, then all the gentlemen and squires with the chaplains of no
dignity, and on each side went the foresaid officers with torches and
the said guard also, then all Knights and after them Councillors, then
Barons and Bishops not in pontificalibus, then the overseers, then Earls,
then the executors, then the Kings-of-Arms, then the corpse covered
with a rich pall of cloth of tissue; on each side the corpse two noblemen, viz., the Marquis of Winchester, the Earl of Westmoreland, the Earl
of Shrewsbury, and the Earl of Derby, which touched the corpse with
their hands. Over the said corpse was borne a canopy of purple velvet
with vj blue stars with gilt knops, borne by vj squires, viz., Mr. Garrat,
Roger Manners, Leonard West, John Arundel, William Forster, and
William Babington. Then the chief mourner, the Countess of Lennox,
assisted by the Earl of Huntingdon and the Viscount Montague, her train
borne by the Lady Catherine Hastings assisted by the Vice-Chamberlain,
then the other mourners two and two, viz.:—
|The Countess of Oxford.||The Countess of Worcester, elder.|
|The Countess of Huntingdon.||The Countess of Bedford.|
|The Viscountess Montague.||The Lady Clinton.|
|The Lady Morley.||The Lady Dacres, of the South.|
|The Lady Latimer.||The Lady Stourton.|
|The Lady Lumley.||The Lady Windsor.|
|The Lady Borough.||The Lady North.|
And after them other ladies and gentlemen, and after them followed the
guard, and in this order went into the chapel, where the corpse was placed
within the hearse, and the mourners on each side vij, and at the head the
chief mourner, kneeling at the stools with cushions that are before named.
Then the assistants with the executors and all the other Lords were placed,
then the beads were bidden by Norroy King-of-Arms. Then the Dirige
began, sung by the chaplains, executed by the Bishop of Worcester, and
there was also Dirige said at the little altar before mentioned. The
Lessons were read by the chiefest of the chaplains, and the three last by
three Bishops, that is to say, the vij by the Bishop of Exeter, the viij by
the Bishop of Chester, the ix by the Bishop of Worcester. And the said
Bishop of Exeter censed the corpse, being in pontificalibus. The Bishops
at the reading of the said Lessons had copes and mitres, but none had
crosiers but the Bishop of Worcester, which did execute, and the Bishop
of Exeter, which did assist him in doing the same. The Dirige done, the
mourners went up again in order, the chiefest first, where they had a
The Names of the Watch the same Night.
Item; after supper there was a solemn watch, both of Lords, Ladies,
[and] gentlewomen, which Ladies sat within the rails of the hearse. Also
there did watch a herald and a pursuivant every night, which had their
allowance in the Court of meat, fire, and all other things according to the
order of the Court. Also there did watch certain of the guard with other
of her servants, who did hold torches. Every night about x of the
clock service began, which was said by one of the Queen's chaplains, and
so continued in prayer all night till the morning that they were revived with
Ladies, and when they were so revived they had their breakfast served
according to their degrees. Then began the Mass of our Lady executed
by the Bishop of Chester, the Lady Latimer chief mourner, and that done,
the Mass of the Holy Ghost executed by the Bishop of Exeter, the
Viscountess Montague chief mourner.
The proceeding to the Mass of Requiem on Sunday.
Item; on Sunday about ix of the clock the said noblemen and ladies
mourners which were at the Dirige the night before, came forth of the
Great Chamber in order on this manner. First, all gentlemen, squires,
and Knights, then the officers of arms, then Barons, then Bishops, then
viscounts, then the overseers, then the executors, then Garter, then the
chief mourner, the Countess of Lennox, with the rest following, as at the
Dirige the night before, and so proceeded into the chapel, where they
were placed as before. Then Norroy King-of-Arms bade the prayer,
then the quire began the Mass of Requiem. The said Mass was executed
by the Bishop of Worcester, the Bishop of Exeter, and the Bishop of
Chester assistants as Epistoler and Gospeller, with deacon and subdeacons, besides their assistants in copes. Then the Mass proceeded till
the offering, at the which offering when the Bishops turned them the
mourners turned them, the mourners stood up and the chief mourner
came forth, having certain noblemen and the officers of arms before her,
the rest of the mourners following, her train borne, went to the altar
where there was laid by a gentleman usher a carpet and a cushion, on the
which she kneeled, and having her offering delivered unto her, offered,
and then rose up and returned to the hearse again, who after her
obeisance made to the corpse, having but one officer of arms before her,
without her train borne, offered for herself and returned. Then offered
the two noblemen assistants, then the other mourners ij and ij, and after
them the other Lords. The offering done, the Mass proceeded out to the
end. The Mass done, they departed from the chapel in the same sort as
they came thither up into the Chamber of Presence, where they had a
great dinner, and all other officers there giving their attendance had
great fare in like manner. The dinner done, they departed to their
chamber for a season to repose themselves till three of the clock; then
they all assembled in the Chamber of Presence, and when they were all
met then they went to the Dirige in the said order as they went to the
Mass of Requiem. And the said Dirige was executed by the Bishop of
Coventry and Lichfield. At Magnificat the corpse was censed by the
said Bishop and the Bishop of Exeter. The vij lesson was read by the
Bishop of Carlisle, the viij by the Bishop of Exeter, the ix by the
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, the which Bishops when they read the
lessons had copes on their backs and mitres on their heads, and they that
censed had their crosiers borne before them. The Dirige done, they
departed from the chapel to the Chamber of Presence, where they had a
great supper, and after supper the watch was charged and service said as
on Saturday at nights in all points.
The Manner of the Using of the Ceremonies on Monday.
Item; on Monday in the morning the watch was revived as before on
Sunday morning, and after the reviving the Bishop of Chester began the
Mass of the Holy Ghost; that done, the Bishop of Carlisle began the Mass
of our Lady. At the offering of these two Masses the chief mourner
offered, and no more. The ij Masses done, the said mourners departed, and
the great Estates mourners came down as on Sunday to the Mass of Requiem
and there offered and used themselves as they did at the aforesaid Mass
on Sunday, which Mass was executed by the Bishop of Coventry and
Lichfield, and after Mass returned to dinner, and after dinner about three
of the clock they went to the Dirige as before on Sunday, the which was
executed by the Bishop of Winchester. The vij lesson read by the
Bishop of Worcester, the viij by the Bishop of Exeter, the ix by the
Bishop of Winchester aforesaid, the corpse censed by the Bishops of
Winchester and Worcester. The Dirige done they went to supper, and
after supper the watch was charged as the night before in all points.
The Manner of the Using of the Ceremonies on Tuesday.
Item; on Tuesday the Mass of the Holy Ghost was said by the Bishop
of Exeter with his assistants; the Mass of our Lady by the Bishop of
Worcester with his assistants, the Mass of Requiem by the Bishop of
Winchester, the two foresaid Bishops as Epistoler and Gospeller, with
deacon and sub-deacon and their own assistants in copes. To the which
Mass came the foresaid noble Ladies mourners as they did the day before,
and offered in the same manner, and after Mass to dinner. When dinner
was done the heralds gave order to all sorts of people having black to
give their attendance and to keep their places as they were by them set in
order; during the which time of their setting in order the corpse was
brought forth and set into the chariot and the pall laid over the same and
ahigh on the said pall lay the presentation. In the mean season the Lords
and Ladies made them ready, and when they were ready they proceed[ed]
to the Abbey of Westminster in this order following.
APPENDIX TO PREFACE.
The Order of the Proceeding to the Abbey of Westminster.
First, ij porters with black staves.
Then the sergeant of the vestry afoot, and with him the sergeant porter
Then the Cross with two great branches on either side, one borne by
ij men in surplices.
Then the gentlemen of the Queen's chapel in their surplices, singing.
Then the monks of Westminster, which met the corpse at the gate in
the King's street.
Then the Lord Abbot of Westminster.
Then two sergeants of arms, with their maces.
Then the standard of the Dragon borne by Mr. Henry Poole, his horse
trapped to the pastern with iiij scutcheons of arms in metal on buckram,
and a chamfron on his horse, furred in a long gown, his hood on his head.
On each side pursuivants of arms to see the proceedings kept.
Then gentlemen in long gowns, their hoods on their shoulders.
Then the officers of the horse in like manner.
Then Ambassadors' servants, and strangers.
Then the trumpets.
Then the chaplains without dignity.
Then ij sergeants-of-arms with their maces.
Then the standard of the Greyhound borne by Sir Oliver Laurence,
his horse trapped and garnished as afore. On either side pursuivants of
arms to see the proceedings kept.
Then officers of household being Knights.
Then chaplains of dignity.
Then ij sergeants-of-arms with their maces.
Then the standard of the Lion borne by Sir George Howard, his horse
trapped and garnished as the other before. On each side an herald of
arms to see the proceedings kept.
Then the Treasurer and Comptroller of Household.
Then the Archbishop of York with the Ambassador, Count de Feria.
Then the overseers of the will.
Then the executors.
Then two sergeants-of-arms with their maces.
Then the embroidered Banner borne by the Viscount Hereford, his
horse trapped and garnished as the others before mentioned.
Then the Helm and Crest borne by Chester Herald, his horse
trapped to the pastern with iiij scutcheons and a chamfron, in a long
gown, his hood on his head.
Then the Target borne by Norroy King-of-Arms in the same manner
as Chester before.
Then the Sword borne by Clarencieux King-of-Arms, his horse trapped
and garnished as before.
Then the Coat of Arms borne by Garter, principal King-of-Arms, his
horse trapped and garnished as before.
Then the Lord Chamberlain of Household.
Then followed the chariot drawn with v horses, the which were trapped
with black velvet and on every horse iiij scutcheons of arms and a
chamfron on the forehead, and on every horse a page of honour in a long
gown, his hood on his head and a banner in his hand of several arms.
And on each side of the said horses from the fore horse to the chariot
there rode v gentlemen on horseback with their horses trapped and
garnished with scutcheons as aforesaid, which bare great banners of
damask of the Queen's descents painted in fine gold.
The chariot with the corpse.
A gentleman usher kneeling. Lovell.
The banner of Mary Magdalene, borne by Lancaster Herald.
The Earl of Shrewsbury, assistant, touching the corpse.
The banner of St. George, borne by York Herald.
The Earl of Derby, assistant, touching the corpse.
The chariot, covered with rich
cloth of tissue,
black, with fringe
of gold, and within
the same a majesty
of taffeta with a
dome and iiij Evangelists, and at either corner a banner of arms of damask, the
corpse laid in the bottom of the same, and upon the corpse
a pall of rich tissue, with a cross of white tissue, and over
the same was laid the presentation, apparelled in robes of
estate, with a crown on her head, the ball and sceptre in her
hand, her fingers
being richly set
with rings, and
in the same rich
stones, her sceptre
and crown garnished in like
The Marquis of Winchester, assistant, touching the corpse.
The banner of our Lady, borne by Somerset Herald.
The Earl of Westmoreland, assistant, touching the corpse.
The banner of the Trinity, borne by Windsor Herald.
A gentleman usher kneeling. Norris.
The Earl of Huntingdon, assistant to the chief mourner.
Then the chief mourner, the Countess of Lennox, her horse trapped with velvet.
The Viscount Montague, assistant to the chief mourner.
Sir Henry Jerningham, Master of the Horse, leading the horse of
estate aside of the chief mourner.
|The Countess of Oxford.||These iiij following on horse
back, their horses trapped to the
pasterns and led by one in a black
|The Countess of Worcester.|
|The Countess of Huntingdon.|
|The Countess of Bedford.|
Then the first chariot covered with black velvet and garnished with
scutcheons of sarsnet in fine gold, drawn with iiij horses trapped with
black cloth down to the pastern, with iiij pages riding on the same
horses, with gowns and hoods, and in the same these ladies:—
|The Viscountess Montague.||In mourning apparel according
to their estates, viz., mantles and
their barbes above their chins.|
|The Lady Clinton.|
|The Lady Morley.|
|The Lady Dacres, of the South.|
Then followed these ladies on horseback:—
|The Lady Latimer.||Their horses trapped to the
pastern with black cloth, and led
by one in a black coat.|
|The Lady Stourton.|
|The Lady Lumley.|
|The Lady Windsor.|
Then the second chariot apparelled as the first, with iiij horses and
iiij pages in the same, and in the same these ladies:—
|The Lady Borough.||In mourning apparel according
to their estates, viz., mantles and
their barbes above their chins.|
|The Lady North.|
|The Lady Anne Grey.|
|The Lady Huntingdon's daughter.|
Then followed these ladies on horseback:—
|The Lady Cornwallis.||Their horses trapped to the pastern with black cloth and led by
one in a black coat; they in
mourning apparel, viz., a mantle
with a small train, their barbes on
|The Lady Jerningham.|
|The Lady Peter.|
Then the third chariot apparelled as the first with iiij horses and iiij
pages on the same, and therein these that follow:—
|Mrs. Clarenciulx.||In mourning apparel according
to their degree, a gown without a
train, and their barbes under their
Then all gentlewomen, waiters, and chamberers on horseback in black.
Then the Vice-Chamberlain and the Master of the Henchmen.
Then the guard with torches.
Then all Noblemen's servants in order having black coats, and in this
order they proceeded to the west door of the Abbey.
The Manner of the furnishing of the Abbey and the Manner of the
Item; the body of the church from the west door to the quire door was
hanged with black cloth and garnished with scutcheons. Also the quire
was hanged within the stalls with black and garnished with scutcheons of
paper in metal, and between the steps going up to the altar and the quire
door there was made a very sumptuous hearse of viij square with nine
principals double storied, having in lights to the number of a thousand
and more, garnished with xxxvj dozen pencils of sarsnet beaten with gold
and silver of the Queen's badges, the viij hatchments hanged double with
valence of sarsnet written with letters of gold and fringed with silk fringe.
On the same hearse many scutcheons in metal, with many small
scutcheons of wax. On the upper part of the viij great posts stood viij
Archangels of wax, and under them viij great scutcheons of arms within
the garter of wax. All the eight square of the hearse was garnished and
set with angels, mourners, and queens in their robes of estate, made of
wax. Under the hearse was a great majesty of taffeta lined with buckram,
and in the same was made a great dome of painter's work with four
Evangelists of fine gold. Dieu et Mon Droit, and arms in the same made
to stand in the midst of every square having a fringe of gold a quarter
deep. About the said hearse above, under the said great scutcheons, went a
valence of taffeta, a quarter of a yard deep, written with letters of gold,
and within that a valence of black taffeta with a fringe of black silk
quarter deep. The eight posts were covered with black velvet and over
every post a scutcheon of sarcenet wrought with fine gold. The rail of the
same was hanged on both sides with fine broad cloth, and set with scutcheons
of buckram with fine gold. Within the said frame of the hearse the ground
was also covered with black cotton, and without the said hearse, round
about went a rail iiij foot and more from the said hearse, the which was
hanged with black velvet on the utter side, and on the hind side with
fine broad cloth. In the midst of the said rail against the High Altar was
made a small altar, which was covered with velvet and richly garnished
with plate. Between the hearse and the said rail the ground was covered
with broad cloth, where there was set xv stools covered with fine broad
cloth, and at every stool a cushion of purple velvet and a cushion of
black velvet. Without that rail was a rail which was made for the
keeping forth of the people, which was hanged also with black, and the
ground between the said two rails was also covered with black cotton.
All the which was had and received by the officers of arms.
Item; from the steps to the High Altar of a great height was hanged
with black cloth and garnished with scutcheons, and the High Altar
richly garnished with ornaments of the church. Also the way from the
hearse to the chapel where the said noble Queen was buried was also
hanged with black and garnished with scutcheons, and the said chapel
was hanged and garnished with scutcheons in metal. The church with
the chancel, the hearse and chapel thus furnished, the corpse was received
at the west door in this manner.
Item; at the west door the corpse was taken out of the chariot and
borne by xij gentlemen, and at the said door of the church stood the
Bishop of Winchester, the Bishop of London, and the Bishop of Worcester, who censed the corpse and cast holy water over the same. After
that the corpse was brought up to the hearse and set under the same.
Then the mourners were placed, the chief at the head, and on each side
vij other, then the other noblemen, as the executors and overseers, with
all the standards and banners, were placed and set in order. Then (fn. 1) . .)
Of your charity pray for the soul of the most puissant and excellent Princess Mary, by the grace of God late Queen of England, Spain,
France, both the Sicilies, Jerusalem, and Ireland, Defender of the
Faith, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Burgundy, Milan, and
Brabant, Countess of Hapsburg, Flanders, and Tyrol. Pater Noster.
Item; this prayer was said at every Kyrie Eleeson, and at Magnificat
and Benedictus. Then the Dirige began, executed by the foresaid three
Bishops. The first Lesson was read by the Lord Abbot of Westminster,
the ij by the Bishop of Carlisle, the third by the Bishop of Chester, the
fourth by the Bishop of Exeter, the v by the Bishop of Coventry and
Lichfield, the sixth by the Bishop of Worcester, the vij by the Bishop of
Winchester, the viij by the Bishop of London, the ix by the Archbishop
of York. At Magnificat and Benedictus two of the chiefest Bishops
aforesaid censed the corpse thrice about. Then the Dirige proceeded out
to the end, and when the Dirige was done the mourners departed from
church to the Lord Abbot's house, where they had a void of spices and
wine, after the which they departed for that night.
Item; in the morning about vj of the clock the mourners met at the said
Abbot's house, and when they were ready they went to the Mass of our
Lady, having gentlemen esquires, knights, the officers of arms, and others
before them, and so proceeded to the hearse. And when they were
placed, the Mass began, sung by the quire by note with organs, executed
by the Bishop of London, with deacon, sub-deacon, and assistant. And
at the offering time the chief mourner, assisted and her train borne, with
the other mourners following her, offered, and no more, and then returned
to the hearse again. Then the Mass proceeded to the end, and when the
said Mass was done, Mass of the Holy Ghost began, executed by the
Bishop of Winchester, with deacon, sub-deacon, and assistants, sung by
the quire as aforesaid. And at the offering the said chief mourner
offered as at the other Mass before. When the said Masses were done
then the mourners departed in the said manner that they came to church
to the said Lord Abbot's house, where there was prepared for them a
breakfast, after the which they prepared themselves with all the other
noble personages to go to the Mass of Requiem, who went to the same in
First, all gentlemen ij and ij, their hoods on their shoulders.
Then officers of the household, being Knights.
Then Chaplains of dignity.
Then the Treasurer and Comptroller.
Then the Ambassador, Count de Feria.
Then the assistants of the Will.
Then the executors.
Then the chief mourner, assisted as afore, her train borne by the Lady
Anne Grey assisted by the Lord Chamberlain.
Then the other mourners ij and ij.
Then all other ladies and gentlewomen, ij and ij, and in this order
proceeded to the hearse, where they were placed as at the Dirige the
night before. The beads were bidden as at night before. Then the Mass
of Requiem began, sung solemnly by the quire. Then came forth the
Archbishop of York in pontificalibus and iiij other Bishops in like
manner, ij as Epistoler and Gospeller, and ij as deacon and sub-deacon
with their assistants. And so the Mass began and proceeded according
to the order of the Church till the offering, which was done very solemnly,
as hereafter shall appear.
The Order of the Offering at the Mass of Requiem.
First, the chief mourner, having before her the officers of household and
the officers of arms, with the noblemen, her train borne and assisted, her
assistants going with her, went to the altar and offered, the said offering
being delivered to her by the Countess of Oxford, having a carpet and a
cushion laid for her by a gentleman usher. And after she had offered,
she returned to the hearse again, the other mourners following her ij
Item; when the said chief mourner was come to the hearse then she
made obeissance to the corpse, and having officers of arms before her, went
to offer for herself, without train borne, or assistants, and returned to the
Then the Marquis of Winchester and the Earl of Westmoreland offered
the coat of arms.
Then the Earl of Shrewsbury and the Earl of Derby offered the
Then the Earl of Huntingdon and the Viscount Montague offered the
Then the two first, the helm and crest.
Then the man of arms, the Lord Sheffield, came in riding, armed at
all pieces saving the head, with a pole-axe in his hand, and lighted at the
quire door, and being led from thence to the High Altar by ij noblemen.
offered the said pole-axe, and after went to the vestry and was there
The offering of the Palls.
Item; the ladies stood up within the hearse, and the Lady North came
forth to the rail at the head, unto whom Garter delivered two palls, who
with the officers of arms before her, went about the hearse, and at the fee
the said lady offered the said palls, the which were received by the foresaid Garter and laid on the feet of the corpse, across. And when she
had so done she returned to the hearse again.
Item; all the Baronesses did offer ij palls apiece, in like manner.
Item; all Countesses did offer; iij palls apiece in like manner.
Item; the chief mourner having the officers of household and the
officers of arms with the noblemen before her, being assisted by the ij
assistants, her train borne and assisted, received of Garter at the head of
the hearse vij palls, and went about the hearse and offered the same as the
first lady did, and [they] were laid over the feet of the corpse in like
manner as before.
Then offered Count De Feria, Ambassador for King Philip, Garter going
Then the iiij Noblemen, assistants.
Then the rest of the mourners, ij and ij.
Then the executors.
Then the overseers of the Will.
Then the greatest estates.
Then offered all Knights, Esquires, and Gentlemen.
Item; the offering done, the sermon began, made by the Bishop of
Winchester, Doctor White, and after the sermon, the Mass proceeded to
Item; at St. John's Gospel the banner of Arms, and the banner of St.
George were offered.
Then there came vj Knights and took the presentation with great
reverence and bare the same into the vestry.
Then the Archbishop of York and the other Bishops came down and
censed the corpse, and the quire sang Circumdederunt.
Then the mourners departed from the hearse.
Then the corpse was taken up by them that before bare the same and
was carried to the chapel which was appointed for her burial, and there
the foresaid Archbishop with the other Bishops said all the ceremonies.
In the meantime of the saying of these prayers the iiij gentlemen ushers
took away the pall, then the corpse was let into the grave and the Archbishop cast earth on the same.
Then came the noblemen, being officers, to the grave and brake their
staves over their heads and cast the same into the grave; as the Lord
Treasurer, the Lord Chamberlain, the Treasurer and Comptroller, the
Sergeant Porter and the Gentlemen Ushers, their rods, and then they
departed again to the other noblemen. And the burial ended, the Archbishop and the other Bishops did unrevest themselves. The ceremony of
the burial done, as is aforesaid, of the said noble Queen (whose soul, God
pardon!) the Noblemen and Prelates then there assembled, having with
them the officers of arms, then came forth unto the face of the people, and
Garter, principal King-of-Arms, assisted by ij Bishops, did declare the
style of the Queen's Majesty in this manner.
"Of the most high, most puissant, and most excellent Princess, Elizabeth,
by the grace of God, Queen of England, France, and Ireland, Defender
of the Faith, etc.; God save Queen Elizabeth." Unto the which word
all the noblemen held up their hands and caps, and the trumpets standing
in the Rood loft sounded; and this done all the estates and others departed to the Abbot's house to dinner.
Note; there was no dole given at the church, for that there should be
no resort of poor people for the annoyance of the Estates, but there was
money given by the Almoner for all the parishes in London and also in
Westminster, and to every church also for saying of Dirige and Mass.
And thus endeth the ceremony of the Interment of the said Queen Mary,
[on] whose [soul] Jesu have mercy!
|The charges of the interment of the late Queen
Mary, solemnized at the Abbey of Westminster the
xiiij day of December, anno 1558, which cometh
to the sum of||7,662||19||0|
|Of the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer;|
|By virtue of one Privy Seal, dated 28 Nov. 1 Eliz.||3,000||0||0|
|By virtue of a Warrant, bearing date 21 Dec. anno
|By virtue of a Privy Seal, dated 2 March, anno
prædicto cont. 2,662l. 19s., whereof received||1,880||2||2|
|And so remaineth unpaid||782||16||10|
List of the Queen's Navy, 20 Feb. 1559–60. (fn. 2)
The names of all Her Majesty's ships, and where at this present they
do remain, with the remembrances concerning the same:—
|At Gillingham||The Mary Rose||600||350|
|The Philip and Mary||450||300|
|In the river Thames||The Great Bark||600||330|
|The Red Galley||—||300|
|The Black Galley||—||300|
|The Flower de Luce||40||30|
|At Portsmouth||The New Bark||160||120|
|The Mary Willoughby||160||120|
|The Anne Gallant||300||200|
|The Double Rose||40||30|
|The Narrow Seas||The Sacar||70||60|
|The Bark of Boulogne||60||60|
|The Bright Falcon||60||60|
|Presently to be sent northward:—|
|Ships presently dry docked, in new making, and to be
repaired at Woolwich, in new making:—|
|At Portsmouth, in new making, The Jenet||200||160|
|At Portsmouth, to be repaired, The Sweepstakes||300||200|
|At Deptford, to be repaired, The Hart||300||200|
|Number of Her Majesty's ships, barks, and gallies||34|
|Merchant ships and barks presently in Her Majesty's service:—|
|The Primrose, of London||300||200|
|The Hart, of Dover||—||—|
|The Peter, of Dover||—||—|
|The Jesus, of Dover||—||—|
|The Greyhound, of Dartmouth||50||40|
|The Swallow, of Dover||40||40|
|The Greyhound, of Dover||40||40|