|Nov. 26.||1123. The Countess of Lennox to Cecil.|
|Thanks him for obtaining her husband's liberty, and hopes
that he will vouchsafe to be like means to the Queen for the
restoration of her favour.—Shene, 26 Nov. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 26.||1124. The Queen Mother to the Duke of Guise.|
|Desires him to send a trumpet with the messenger of the
English Ambassador, who is sent to Throckmorton to fetch a
coffer.—Bois de Vincennes, 26 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 26.||1125. The Rhinegrave to Poynyngs.|
|Thanks for a leash of greyhounds; and if he takes any
venison with them they will divide the spoils. As for the two
Englishmen whom he asks for, he has been able to find only
one here, whom he sends; but he will enquire at Bolbec,
Gondreville, and St. Romain; and if he finds any more he
will send them also. Has determined to make "bonne
guerre." Hopes, however, that the Queen does not intend
anything against their "little King." Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 26.||1126. Poynyngs to Cecil.|
|Having occasion to write for two prisoners to the Rhinegrave, whom he has long known in the wars, and having a
brace of greyhounds, thought that he might pleasure him
with a pair. The Rhinegrave sent the enclosed reply, and
further wrote that Condé is within seven leagues of Rouen,
and that he intends coming here.—Newhaven, 26 Nov. 1562.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 26.||1127. Thomas Wood to Cecil.|
|1. The Lord Lieutenant marvels that he has not received
the requisite supplies. Complains of want of bedding for the
soldiers, who, through the coldness of the weather and long
night watches, begin to fall into the flux; as also of the lack
of bread, beer, and beef.—Newhaven, 26 Nov. 1562.|
|2. P. S.—Trusts that some wise men will be sent to the
Lord Lieutenant's assistance. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.
|[Nov. 26.]||1128. Articles offered by Condé|
|1. That all the King's subjects may have the free exercise
of their religion.|
|2. That the English and other foreigners shall leave the
|3. That no hindrance shall be given to any in the enjoyment of their goods and religion.|
|4. Security for the execution of these articles to be considered.|
|5. A free and general council shall be held within six
months; and if this cannot be done, a general assembly in
this realm, which shall be open to all.|
Copy, in a French hand. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Forbes, ii. 212.
|1129. Warwick to Cecil.|
|1. Marvels at not receiving an answer to his many
letters, and to the advertisements sent by Sidney. Has
written of the lack of beer and bread here; of the enemy
that arrive daily at Harfleur and Montreuil; and of the aid
which the Prince expects at his hands, who is coming into
Normandy. Asks for a speedy answer; also requires a
number of beds for the poor soldiers, and that victuals be
sent before all other things.|
|2. At his first coming here he could easily have taken those
places which the enemy has now fortified. They only watch
for a time when they may best annoy them. The English
have no victuals out of the country, nor can go a mile out of
the gates without a good force.—Newhaven, 27 Nov. 1562.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil and his secretary.
|Nov. 27.||1130. Warwick to Cecil.|
|Wrote to his brother for the bearer, Mr. Keys, for the
leading of such horsemen as should be sent hither. Keys
came over with him with seven or eight horses, well furnished,
without any entertainment for himself or any of his.—Newhaven, 27 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil and his secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 27.||1131 Bromefeld to Cecil.|
|Yesterday Captain Cutty arrived here with his soldiers.
Has delivered divers things to Count Mongomery and
M. Beauvoir for the use of their bands. The greater part are
slack in paying. Has something to do to keep the lead in
store. As yet there is none spent; but some must be sent,
for none is to be got in the churches, which are all covered
either with slate or clapboard. Has sent for powder-mill
stones for making powder here. Desires that Richard Ball
and John Cole, mill makers, dwelling in the parish of Aldgate,
may be sent to set up the powder mill, and some corn mills,
wherewith one or two men may daily grind six or eight
bushels, being eased with fresh men. If the mill makers come
they must bring mill stones with them. Asks for supplies
of pioneers, morions, and skulls.—Newhaven, 26 Nov. 1562.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 27.||1132. Smith to Throckmorton.|
|Has sent his packet of letters into England. Directs him
to inform the Prince that the Queen and the Cardinal will
use every means to separate the Prince and the Admiral from
D'Andelot, or the latter and the Prince from the Admiral.
If that cannot be, then to forsake the Queen of England.
Informed the Cardinal that the Queen will not agree without
the Prince, nor have her ministers meddle in any accord
unless they entreat openly as mediators betwixt the Prince
and the Guises. The money is ready at Newhaven, and
Montgomery is coming over with 15,000 or 16,000 more men.
Desires him to devise how he can have intelligence from the
Prince and the Admiral. The Queen Mother yesterday
refused to him a safe-conduct for Throckmorton, saying that
the Queen's servants here needed none.|
|2. It is reported that the Spaniards and certain companies
of "La Vielle Band" from Piedmont are near Chartres.
Thinks it is devised to encourage their soldiers, whom they
Copy. Endd.: Sent in cipher by Wilson, when he had
the trumpet. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 27.||1133. Smith to Throckmorton.|
|Desires Throckmorton to take order for the safe forwarding
of the Queen's coffers and plate.—St. Denis, 27 Nov. 1562.|
Copy. Endd.: Sent open with the trumpet by Wilson.
Fr. P. 1.
|Nov. 26 & 27.||1134. Smith's Message to Throckmorton.|
|The following are the outlines of the message sent by
Smith to Throckmorton by Charles Wilson when the
trumpet was sent.|
|The Prince must not trust fair promises, and if they break
from each other, or from the Queen, they are undone. She
will not make peace without them. Those with the Prince
did Smith great wrong to suspect his religion. His greatness
with the Cardinal was to understand those here, and to have
some means of hearing from Throckmorton. The Queen
Mother would not read Throckmorton's letter, but bid him
tell her the effect and carry it to the Cardinal.|
Endd. by Smith: Second despatch to Sir N., and further
endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 27.||1135. The Emperor's Answer to the Protestant Princes.|
|In reference to the question concerning the rejection of the
Council of Trent, the Emperor remembers what he said to
them at Naumburg, and the reply made by their agents. He
wished that they would have explained their opinions to the
Council and received its answer. Also attempted to remove
all party feeling from the Council. Since, however, he sees
that this way (which he still thinks is the most convenient)
is not acceptable to the Princes, he declares that not only will
he keep the peace for religious matters to the letter himself
but will also see that it is done by others. He therefore
expects the Princes to do the same.—Frankfort, 27 Nov.
Copy, in Mundt's hol. Endd. Lat. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 27.||1136. Challoner's Interview with Philip II.|
|In his interview with the King Catholic on 27 Nov. 1562,
the Ambassador, after presenting the letters of the Queen,
explained that she had not written sooner, not from any
want of regard towards him, but because she had imagined
that these disturbances in France would long since have
ended. As she is compelled to move in the matter, Challoner
thought it well to send to His Majesty a paper containing
the motives which induced her to act as she has done. These
reasons are, the hostility of the house of Guise, their efforts
to secure the crown of England for the Queen of Scotland,
the assumption of the royal arms of England, the refusal of
Queen Mary to ratify the treaty, the Queen's apprehension of
a descent on her coasts from the seaports of Normandy, and
the retention of Calais.|
|2. These considerations have induced her to act as she has
done; and as her measures are strictly defensive, she expects
that the King of Spain will agree with her, that they are
justifiable and necessary.|
Corrected draft, par. 2 being in Challoner's hol., and
endd. by him: Relation to the Duke of Alva, 27 Nov. 1562.
Span. Pp. 5.
|Nov. 27.||1137. Original rough draft of the above, omitting par. 2.|
Span. Pp. 15.
|Nov. 27.||1138. The Turkish Ambassador at Frankfort.|
|The Ambassador made a speech to the effect that his master
as a token of goodwill, has sent the Emperor some Christian
captives, and hoped that he will on his part liberate any
Turks in his dominions. He desired to see the Emperor's
successor, and on Maximilian being pointed out to him, he
made an obeisance in the Turkish fashion, and wished him
prosperity, saying that from his name he ought not to be
inferior to his father. He then presented an ambling horse
and four camels to the Emperor, and excused their ill
condition on account of the length of his journey, which was
four months.—Delivered before the Emperor Ferdinand at
Frankfort, in the Sclavonic tongue, Nov. 27 1562.|
Copy. Endd. Lat. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 28.||1139. Warwick to the Privy Council.|
|Received their letters by Thomas Jones, the bearer, for
placing him in Strangwishe's room. Has told them that
both the galley and brigantine are in the enemy's hands, so
that there is no vessel, except what was the Count's galley,
meet for this service. Before the arrival of Jones he had
appointed Thomas Borowes to the charge of the same. Asks
to have two ships here, to lie upon this coast and keep the
haven's mouth.—Newhaven, 28 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 28.||1140. Warwick to Lord Robert Dudley.|
|The services of Thomas Jones being very necessary, has
sent him to England. His service on the sea is sufficiently
known. Desires Dudley, as Jones cannot be employed without necessaries, to further him in his entertainment, so that
there may be two ships appointed to the better keeping of
these quarters.—Newhaven, 28 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 28.||1141. Extracts from the Letters of the Earl of Warwick.|
|Extracts from the letters of the Earl of Warwick to the
Queen and Privy Council of Nov. 2, 4, 9, 14, 20, and 28.|
Draft, the latter part in Cecil's hand. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 28.||1142. Sir Maurice Denis to the Council.|
|1. Received theirs of the 24th inst., and accordingly sends
the names and numbers of all the bands now serving here.
Should have finished paying the garrison for the two months
due on the 17th inst. if the Comptroller here had ended his
muster. Intends, when he has finished this payment, to
procure another muster, and pay to the end of this month,
and to send in a declaration of the whole payment.|
|2. Sends an estimate for the monthly provision, and begs
that it may be doubled, for the help of the inhabitants, who
are as numerous as themselves; and who, if they are their
friends, cannot but have the same lack. They shall pay
ready money for such victuals as they shall have, as they
have no means of compelling them to pay. Their enemies
bar all victuals growing in the country from them. They
have need of horse mills, having many times been destitute
of bread, their windmills being not very good, and are in
danger of burning. Desires to know how the Queen's
charges (which are increased by 250 labourers, 36 gunners,
and 600 soldiers) shall be paid.—Newhaven, 28 Nov. 1562.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|[Nov. 28.]||1143. Soldiers at Newhaven.|
|The names and numbers of all the companies serving at
Newhaven on 17 Nov. 1562, amounting to 4,574 men, besides
600 who arrived since the 20th and are not yet mustered.|
|Nov. 28.||1144. Provisions for Newhaven.|
|The estimate of one month's victuals at Newhaven, viz.,
615 quarters of wheat, 448 tuns of beer, 168 oxen, etc.
Notes of the increased charges in the office of ordnance.
Mr. Pelham desires such entertainment as he had at Leith;
he has 200 labourers, and intends to increase them to 1,000.|
|Nov. 28.||1145. Sir Maurice Denis to Cecil.|
|1. Procured musters as soon as he could, and has almost
finished his payment for two months due on the 17th inst.|
|2. Captains Reade and Brykwell (who came from Berwick)
advouch that they are paid only for the 29th September.
Reade has the full of 200 men, whereof fifty entered at Berwick 20th Sept., and it was thought that he left Berwick
|3. The charges are daily increased. The master of the
ordnance has added thirty-six gunners at 9d., and one at
12d., and 250 labourers under Pelham. Many more are
needed to help the weakness of this town.—Newhaven, 28
Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 28.||1146. Vaughan to Cecil.|
|1. The last muster was on the 16th inst., and they will call
the next on Tuesday.|
|2. Asks that he may be backed by Warwick in the execution
of his duty, and that his state be considered, by the supply of
his band to 300.—Newhaven, 28 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
|3. P. S.—The King has been admitted to full age by decree
of Parliament, which was called by the Duke of Guise.|
Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 28.||1147. Intelligences from Italy.|
|1. Trent, 26 Nov. 1562.—On Monday, 23 Nov., M. De
Lansac presented to the Council a letter from the King of
France accrediting his Ambassador, and excusing his delay.
The Cardinal of Lorraine in his speech depicted the miseries
of France, their cause and remedy. The French prelates, he
said, were devoted to the Pope, and would accept the decrees
of the Council. The Cardinal of Mantua, The Archbishop of
Zara, and the President Ferrerio, in reply, expressed their
opinion as to the origin of these disturbances, and how they
might be rectified.|
|2. Rome, 28 Nov.—The general congregation of the Cardinals, last Monday, and the Pope, were greatly disturbed by
reason of the death of Count Frederic, the Pope's nephew,
and brother of Cardinal Borromeo. On the 25th the body
was carried to St. Peter Montorio, accompanied by fifteen
Cardinals and many others. It remains there still, but will
soon be sent to Milan. The Bishop of Bitonto preached the
funeral sermon. It is reported, but falsely, that Cardinal
Borromeo will marry. The Cardinal De Medici died of fever,
after an illness of four days; it is thought that his brother,
Don Garzia, will be made a Cardinal; he is a sickly youth
of 17. The Pope has had the gout, but attends to business,
having written, with his own hand, to King Philip and the
Legates at the Council. Intelligence about the Cardinals
Salviati, Farnese, and Naples.|
Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 29.||1148. Smith to the Privy Council.|
|Refers to his letters to them of the 21st inst. Encloses a
letter from Throckmorton, with copies of his letters to him,
and an account of the way they were sent. The meaning
of his talk with the Cardinal will now be seen. Throckmorton and those about him are deadly hated at this Court.
Their instructions were so uncertain that he [the writer]
could not tell whether they would have war or peace with
France. The writer's man has this night stole unto him
from Paris, and declared how he has been sent from the
Duke of Guise to the Constable, from whom he went to
the Queen where straight the Constable was, and again
referred to the latter to be despatched as this day, and this
day as to-morrow, and so is dallied with unreasonably. They
do not deny him to go, and he doubts not to find the means
to escape to the Prince, if not with their leave without
it. He was in the camp when all those skirmishes were.
There was not six slain on either part. A spy was brought
into the camp whilst his man was there (a French gentleman, out of England brought through Normandy), who said
that a part of 8,000 English footmen and 1,800 horsemen
have landed, and the rest are to land immediately at Newhaven. Smith's man further says that it is spoken of all
over the camp that the Prince is to go into Normandy out
of hand, and that he and the Queen Mother can in nowise
agree.—St. Denis, 29 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 5.
|Nov. 29.||1149. Smith to the Privy Council.|
|1. On the 26th inst. the Queen went to Pont Charenton to
meet the Prince, who was encamped on the other side of
the Seine beyond Port Anglois. She was accompanied by
the Constable, the Marshal Montmorency, M. D'Oysel, etc.
The Prince sent word that he was sick. The Constable met
the Admiral at Port Anglois about 3 p.m., and after talking
together for an hour the Constable sent the Queen word to
depart for Bois de Vincennes, and soon after he left and
|2. The next day the Queen and Constable went again to
meet the Prince. They say that the Queen talked with the
Admiral, and the Constable with the Prince in the camp,
and yet they skirmish daily before Paris. The same day had
conference with one who came from the Duke D'Etampes,
Governor of Bretagne, to know about those Englishmen's
ships and goods which were stayed in Bretagne.|
|3. On the 28th a great company of horsemen of M. De
Nevers' band came here. Thinks they are those who were
in Champagne against D'Andelot. About twelve at night
300 armed and mounted went their ways, and the next
morning (Sunday, 29th inst.) the rest, likewise armed, left
by the Paris gate and are also gone into Paris. Thinks
there were about 800 horsemen. When they came they
were unarmed, but they had brave red coats with a white
satin embroidered garde, more than five inches broad. They
said that they came from Melun and Corbeil.|
|4. Yesterday, the 29th, there was great ado about Paris, for
there was shot 100 cannon shot. They say that they have
killed a great number of the Prince's men who approached
so near the trenches that they had almost taken five pieces
of their artillery. There is daily skirmishing outside Paris,
between their horsemen and the Prince's.|
Endd. by Cecil.: Occurrents 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th Nov.
|Nov. 29.||1150. Smith to [Cecil].|
|1. Will inform their Lordships, not in words, but in deeds,
the design he went about by his familiarity with the Cardinal
and De Sevre. The latter is a man of great communication,
infinite discourse, in religion a right Italian, and affectionate
to England and her policy; in nature a very Portugalois,
and does not dissemble that he loves their country best. If
Cecil calls him a Papist, he does him wrong; yet he has had
given him, within these four days, by the Great Master of
Rhodes, a thing worth 2,000 crowns a year, and an office
worth 1,000 more. When Smith goes to the Court, Sevre
shows him all friendship. Thinks the Queen was liberal to
him at his departing, for he speaks marvellously well of her
and of the English Court and policy. He could not understand Cecil's letters, save the last, nor whether he would have
war or peace; they were darker than Apollo's oracles.
Cecil's last letter was plain, and the writer knows now what
to do, and has done it. Smith has his answer roundly, not
such as he looked for, but yet such as he has a good while
|2. Perceives they grow to peace within themselves. Trusts
neither French men or women. Has sent his man again to
Throckmorton with a trumpet by the Queen's letter to the
Duke of Guise.—St. Denis, 27 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
|3. P. S.—Perceives that their Lordships have been half
discontent with Throckmorton and himself, thinking that
they have gone too far. Begs that Cecil will, as hitherto,
advocate for them both. Touching the books for the Queen's
library, Cecil shall have such registers as can be got. Intends
sending his next despatch by Wanton, the Lord Mayor's man,
whose matter Smith intends to make the occasion of his next
access to the Court. Begs that he will send Barlow, the
bearer of this, back again as soon as he can.—29 Nov.
|Nov. 29.||1151. Smith to Cecil.|
|As he was about to send his despatch, Captain Claes, of
Lymborgh, came to him; who promises to find the means to
get the Queen six or seven million towards her wars. He
has moved the same already in England, and has word from
Antwerp that he should come. Requires the twentieth part
of the gain, which has been promised him by France when
the King takes advantage of his device. At last brought
Claes to confess all, viz., that it is in the enhancement of all
moneys with such mark as was of late in England called dogs
and roses. So every man shall pay to the Queen 1d. or 2d.
for his mark, and silver shall be a groat and gold 12d. more
than it is worth.—St. Denis, 29 Nov. 1562. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 29.||1152. Challoner to Cecil.|
|1. Received by a courier of Flanders, on the 23rd inst., a
packet from the Queen. Forthwith procured an access to the
King, and, after presentation of her letters, was graciously
heard at length. The King answered that he would consider
the substance of his letter and send for the writer again.
Afore and after his being with the King he was with the
Duke of Alva.—Madrid, 28 Nov. 1562.|
|2. P. S.—Sends the latest advices out of France. The
King has despatched Don Francisco De Alava to visit the
King of Navarre.—Nov. 29. Signed.|
Orig., with armorial seal; the P.S. in Challoner's hol.;
a few words in cipher. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 29.||1153. Draft of the above.|
In Challoner's hol., and endd. by him: Sent by the way
of Flanders. A few words underlined, to be expressed in
cipher. Pp. 4.
|[Nov.]||1154. A Memorial for Newhaven.|
|1. To write to the Earl of Warwick that, having had
conference with Sir H. Sidney, Sir Richard Lee, and William
Wynter since they returned from Newhaven, it is thought
meet to direct that the bulwarks Royal, De la Grange, and
St. Francois should be preserved. That 1,000 soldiers be sent
twice a day to fetch wood for faggots. That all the buildings
and walls of the old town be rased and carried away. That
the old ships belonging to the Papists should be broken up,
and the timber used for the fortifications of the town; and
those belonging to their friends should also be broken up,
and the wood reserved for the use of the owners. If danger
may ensue by keeping the serviceable ships of their adversaries there, they shall be removed to Portsmouth. If they
mistrust the restitution of them, he may say that he will
obtain an assurance from the Queen. Some cisterns shall be
made for holding fresh water. It would be well to lessen the
number of French within that town by indirect means,
without giving offence to their friends. Touching Mr.
Winter's device for displacing them by bringing in more
Englishmen, the best way would be that the victuals sent
from England be kept for the English only.|
|2. It is ordered that anyone may be permitted to pass
from England thither with victuals, the same being first put
in bond to the customer for the transportation thereof to the
same place without fraud. They leave to the Lord Lieutenant
the appointment of tipstaves; also a minister and a sexton,
with four persons to bury the dead, who should be maintained by the garrison, as is usual in common parishes; and
that the minister and sexton should keep a register of all
christenings, marriages, and burials, and the same seen
monthly and subscribed by one of the principal officers or
ministers of the garrison. They have given orders for 600
soldiers to be sent from Essex, and 500 from Devon, making
up the number of soldiers to 4,535, besides the pioneers and
the discharged soldiers, and adding thereto 229 pioneers and
fifty Scotch horsemen. The number will then be 4,815, besides
the horsemen and household servants allowed to the Lord
Lieutenant and others of the Council and officers of the
garrison. The Queen will send thither Andrew Tremayne
with fifty horsemen pistoliers. Some shoemakers will be
Draft, probably in Cecil's hol, and corrected and endd. by
him. Pp. 9.
|Nov. 30.||1155. Garrison at Newhaven.|
|Detailed estimate of the expense of the garrison at Newhaven, showing the variations since the first capitulation, and
inclusive of the galley and pinnaces.|
Translated by Cecil. Pp. 8.
|[Nov.]||1156. Report upon Newhaven.|
|Detailed report, by John Portinary, respecting the position
and fortifications of Newhaven; its advantages and disadvantages, and how the latter may be obviated; the number of
troops necessary for its defence; together with various
suggestions and recommendations for securing it against the
Orig. Hol. [?] Endd. by Cecil: Mr. Portinary's advice for
Newhaven. Ital. Pp. 10.
|[Nov.]||1157. Report on the State of Newhaven.|
|Recommendations by Sir Richard Lee respecting the
fortifications and garrison of Newhaven.|
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 30.||1158. Challoner to Cuerton.|
|Thanks for his letters of the 29th ult. and 5th, 14th, and
18th inst. Received by Lynares Mrs. Cuerton's present of
two cheeses; also a barrel of salmon and another of dried
hake; they weighed altogether fourteen robes. Has lately
spoken with the King, and presented the Queen's letters, to
which he has received a good answer. It appears by letters
from the Lords of the Council, written twenty days before
Rouen was taken, that they never esteemed either that place
or Dieppe able to hold out; but Havre de Grace they intend
to keep until they be answered for Calais.—Madrid, last
Draft, in Challoner's hol. Endd Pp. 4.
|Nov. 30.||1159. Challoner to Clough and John Coneys.|
|Sends a packet for the Queen. Received their letters of
the 14th ult. and 1st inst. Will within six days despatch a
special courier to the Queen by sea. Has written to Robert
Farneham to hand over to them 114l. Flemish, which they
must pay over for the writer, on the 31st January next, to
Cataneo and Doria, Genoese, the assignees of Meliadus
Spinola, banker at this Court. Francisco Bravo paid him
here on the 23rd ult., and not before; has lost by the delay
180 ducats.—Madrid, 30 Nov. 1562.|
Draft. Endd. Pp. 2.