|Jan. 11.||69. Poulet to Cecil.|
|1. The Admiral's servant, (who repairs to the Queen with
letters), was with his master at the battle, and has been
with him ever since. His report thereof does not vary much
from the advertisements sent from hence; excepting that
the Admiral is further from here than Orleans; that Des
Adrets has not joined him, but was occupied in Dauphiné,
with the Duke de Nemours; and that the Admiral (seeing that
the band of Almains was coming in the spring), purposed
to repair into Normandy with 5,000 or 7,000 horsemen upon
the return of this messenger to him with the Queen's pleasure in that behalf whereon he wholly depends, and from
whom he looks to receive men, munition, and money, like as
Montgomery does for Dieppe. The latter has more need of
men than money, being a man of more plainness than of
|2. Hopes that Mr. Controller of this town has satisfied
him about many things specified in his letters.|
|3. The order for victualling this town for two months
is a convenient proportion for the piece if it were thoroughly
furnished accordingly; but, as appears by the remain of
the victuals sent him by the Lord Lieutenant, the victuals
here are not sufficient for two weeks. Portsmouth cannot be
trusted to supply the whole mass required here; nor for the
transportation of the same hither; nor for the speedy conveyance of advertisements with some winds.—Newhaven,
11 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
|4. P. S.—Has sent a barque from hence to Guernsey with
intelligence, whereof he advertised him. Hopes the news
will be received there in time.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 6.
rbes, ii. 272.
|70. [The Vidame of Chartres and others] on the Affairs
|1. Since the Queen intends to take upon her their cause,
as they were given to understand yesterday by her Council,
(who declared to them the incommodity she would have by
causing her subjects to pass from the seas to succour the
Admiral of France,) who prayed the writers to give their
opinion touching the succour in lieu of the Englishmen
which they require; to this they answer that the Admiral
must be advertised that there is no way but by Normandy
to receive money for his men, and the reinforcements which
she should send from elsewhere; and that Lyons is the fittest
place to retire to do this, he leaving his footmen at Orleans.|
|2. Touching the succour for the Admiral, they would
with her means levy 6,000 Swiss, with whom and the forees
that might be gathered about Lyons, he might march
towards the Almains and help them to enter France and
join him. To do this it is needful to have the money at
Strasburg, from whence it may be easily had for levying the
Swiss at Basle or Geneva, and at Lyons for the payment of
those with the Admiral.|
|3. They must do no less than this, for their enemies are
now "gaillard," and may reinforce themselves. Speedy exe-
cution must be had therein, or else the Admiral may be lost.|
|4. Dieppe is a place of great consequence, and worthy to
be kept, because the French soldiers and others of the faithful
of Normandy can retire thither; and by this means New-
haven will be unburdened.|
|5. The ships at Newhaven (where there are too many),
may be brought hither, for fear of fire; and by having two
such places, they may succour each other by land and sea.|
|6. They beg that the Queen will give them the means to
entertain Montgomery there.|
Orig., in a French hand. Endd. Fr. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 11.||71. Another copy of the above, translated into English.|
Endd. by Cecil: 11 Jan. 1562. The opinion of the Vidame
Bricquemault and La Haye, for the matter of France. Pp.
|Jan. 11.||72. Munition at Newhaven.|
|Note of the munition delivered at Newhaven, from the 3rd
Oct. 1562 to 11th Jan. 1563, by William Bromefilde, Master
of the Ordnance, amounting to 1,057l. 19s. 2d., whereof
there was delivered to Beauvoir and Montgomery, Captains
Cateville and Jones, and Edward Dudley, munition amounting
to 464l. 9s. 4d., whereof 35l. 13s. 2d., was received by the
Clerk of the Ordnance. Signed: John Cokks, Clerk of the
Orig. Pp. 9.
|Jan. 11.||73. Donatus Rullus to Sir John Lye.|
|Hearing that Lye has returned to the Court, writes to
remind him of their ancient friendship. Commendations to
Cecil, whom he requests to send, as he promised, a copy of
the Apology of Cardinal Pole, for a transcript of which he
will gladly pay.—Padua, 11 Jan. 1563. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add.: To Lye, in London. Endd.: 11
March 1563 [sic]. Ital. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 12.||74. Sir Henry Percy to Cecil.|
|1. Is informed that the Archbishop of York minds to
make a report to the Queen and Council of the evil life of
Lord Latimer, and of his having lately attempted to run
one of Sir Christopher Danbie's men through with a rapier,
which is a great discomfort to his children and kinsfolk,
and also to the writer who married his daughter.|
|2. His Grace minds to declare that he is meet to be committed to the government of others, and should the Queen
and Council consent thereto, begs that Cecil will stand his
and his sister's friend.—Tynemouth Castle, 12 Jan. 1562,
|3. P. S.—Thanks him for his office this year.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 12.||75. The Queen Mother to the Queen of England.|
|Has received her letter and heard what the bearer, Mr.
Somers, had charge to say. Trusts that the answer given to
him will be to her satisfaction.—Chartres, 12 Jan. 1562.
Signed, Caterine, —De l'Aubespine.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Broadside.
Forbes, ii. 274.
|76. Admiral Coligni to the Queen.|
|Informed her of the result of the battle, and that he had
halted to refresh his reiters. The author of all these troubles,
instead of being touched with compassion, is rallying his
forces in order to make still greater efforts to attain to the
end of his designs. Begs that she will assist them with
men, and also with money to pay the reiters, who have been
now three months without pay.—Camp at Villefranche,
12 Jan. Signed.|
Orig. almost entirely in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.
Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 12.||77. Montgomery to Warwick.|
|Credit for Captain Causeville, sent with intelligence.—
Dieppe, 12 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 12.||78. Passport for Captain St. Ouen.|
|Orders all officers to permit the bearer, Captain St. Ouen, one
of Montgomery's gentlemen, to pass to Dieppe.—Westminster,
12 Jan., 5th Eliz. Signed, Elizabeth,—Yetsweirt. Parchment.|
|Jan. 12.||79. Knights of the French Order.|
|Names of thirty-three gentlemen of the Guise's faction, who
were made knights of the Order.|
Dated and endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 12.||80. Another list of the knights of the Order, with notes
respecting the family and locality of several of them.|
Fr. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 12.||81. Henry Knollys to Cecil.|
|1. Received his letters of the 14th, 15th, and 19th Dec.
on the 10th of Jan. Touching his son Thomas Cecil, upon
good consideration with Windebank (having respect as well
to his own inclination as to his body, that is subject to
diseases that rise upon immoderate heats, to the danger of
these busy times, to his youth and the looseness in religion,
with corruption of manners that reign in those parts, but
chiefly to Cecil's green wound, that by their rashness in
advice it were not made incurable) they take their journey
together with speed towards their natural land. The Queen's
letter whereby he is revoked home he received, but because
of the many letters sent to the Queen from the Palsgrave,
the Duke of Wurtemburg, and the Landgrave, some occasion
might be offered to employ them by the way, he (by the
advice of Mundt) stays three or four days for the next
post. Trusts about the beginning of February to be in
|2. Sends the copy of a letter which M. De Soubize, the
Governor of Lyons, sent to Mme. De Roye; by which he
may conjecture the terms in which the Duke of Nemours,
the Baron Des Adrets, the town of Lyons, and the country
thereabouts do stand. The Duke of Guise shall find some
difficulty in repairing his loss at Dreux; Spain being barren
of soldiers; out of Switzerland he can have none at all, as
the Protestants will not, and the Papists dare not, having
of late sent 8,000 to his aid; in Almain he may have some
footmen, by favour of the bishops. His only refuge is the
Duke of Brunswick, unto whom he has sent one Rascalon,
who passed through this town to entertain certain companies
of reiters.—Strasburg, 12 Jan. Signed.|
|3. P. S.—The Emperor on his way to Brisgau remained
fifteen days at Frankfort, and made an agreement with them
and the two adjacent districts of Suntgaw and Schwart-
wallia, that they should give him within three years, 300,000
gold crowns and a tax of a penny on every quart of wine
sold for ten years. Thence he went to Basle, where he was
honourably received by the magistrates, and from thence he
goes to Constance, where they say he will ask for more
Orig., with Mundt's seal. The first portion in Knollys's hol,
the latter in that of Mundt, and in Lat. Add. Endd.: 12
Jan. 1562. Pp. 4.
Forbes, ii. 278.
|82. The Queen to Smith.|
|1. Thinks the tarrying of John Somer somewhat long; for
she wishes to hear how the journey of the Queen Mother to
Chartres has taken place.|
|2. "A matter has happened here very strange and odible."
An Italian has been hired to kill another, being her servant.
The act was attempted at the gate of Durham house, where
the Spanish Ambassador lodges, who received the malefactor
and took him away. The author, the malefactor confesses,
was one of the hostages, the Provost of Paris. The person
that shot the dag was missing two days, and was taken
beneath Gravesend stealing into Flanders in a Flemish hoy,
having disguised himself; and within two days confessed the
above. Thereupon the Council caused the Lord Mayor to
take into his house the Provost, where he remains; one De
Ville, his servant, was also sent to prison, who confessed
having delivered the dag to the murderer by the Provost's
|3. The day following the committal of the Provost, the
French Ambassador came to the Council and requested to
know the cause of the committal of the hostage, who, being told,
judged it worthy of death; but he challenged the party, being
here a public person and so privileged, to be delivered to him,
to be sent into France, to be there judged. Whereunto the
Council refused, and maintained that neither the hostage nor
Ambassador is free from the English laws in criminal causes.
The Ambassador then entreated that the Provost might be
with him for friendship, promising to deliver him to justice.
He was told that after examination of the Provost he should
find consideration had of his request.|
|4. The Provost is known to be an extreme adversary to
Condé, and wholly devoted to the Guises; therefore is the
Ambassador the more earnest in his behalf. Smith, therefore,
must give knowledge of the matter, as by copies of certain
writings sent to him he will understand; and shall exaggerate
the intent of the crime as he sees cause. He is also to impart
the whole hereof to Throckmorton. The Provost will be
examined to-morrow or next day.|
Draft in Cecil's hol., and endd. and dated, 13 Jan. 1562.
Forbes, ii. 275.
|83. Throckmorton to the Queen.|
|1. On the 10th inst. Smith, Somers, and Throckmorton
arrived at Chartres. On the 11th inst. Smith and Somers had
audience, but he was not admitted. For satisfaction of the
Queen's demands they had good words, which is the only
payment made at the despatch hereof. Their resolute answer
was not given.|
|2. Both armies have passed the Loire at Beaugency, and at
present are in Berry, where it is thought they will fight
again. It is said the Baron des Adrets has accorded with
the Duke de Nemours in such manner as Dauphiné should be
surrendered to the said Duke. If there should be another
battle similar to the last, the noblesse of France will be
shrewdly wasted; for at the last there were 800 gentlemen
slain. Since his last letters the Duke of Nevers, MM.
D'Annebault and La Brosse's son have died of their hurts;
and he hears there are four or five hundred of good quality
besides. The Prince still remains prisoner, and has been kept
in a castle (a league from Chartres) for ten days. He is
looked to arrive at Chartres this day, but will remain under
guard. M. Damville, who had charge of him, repairs to the
Duke of Guise's camp; also a number of new knights of the
Order, which were made on the 12th inst., numbering thirty-
three. Marshal Vielleville has gone to besiege Dieppe.
Marshal Brissac is sent as the King's Lieutenant into
Normandy, who will employ his force upon Tancarville, and
attempt some enterprise against Newhaven, or build forts
thereabouts to beat the Haven. It will not be good for the
Queen's purpose to suffer Dieppe to be taken, or for her men
at Newhaven to be idle. Howsoever the French satisfy her
by some public act to testify a meaning of peace, they do not
intend to keep it, but will not abstain from expelling her
men from Tancarville and Newhaven, if they can once come
to a point amongst themselves, either by accord or by victory.
She might more have made her advantage upon their decla-
ration of war, and have made war indeed.|
|3. This day the Queen Mother sent word she would speak
with him; but he does not expect his despatch until she
sees the issue of these matters. If the Duke of Guise prospers
he looks for no speedy despatch. The Constable remains at
Orleans, and his wife has liberty to go to him there. The
Duke of Guise is Governor of Champagne; the Prince of
Roche-sur-Yon is Governor of Dauphiné, and the Duke of
Nemours is Governor of Lionois. Languedoc is at the Prince
of Condé's devotion, so are Lyons and Lionois and a great
part of Dauphiné, if the Baron des Adrets has not revolted.
M. de Soubize keeps Lyons.|
|4. Sent the Queen a letter of the 7th inst., to be conveyed
to her by order of Montgomery. M. de Montbron is in
Valence, and keeps it. The Duke of Nemours is at Ville-
franche with his force. The Duke of Guise will in no wise
accord to peace until the Protestants are utterly exterminated.
The Queen Mother seems now to lean more to peace than she
did before, and to accept more reasonable conditions for the
matters of religion. It is said the Constable and the Prince
of Condé shall commune together. Hears there is some
practice to surprise one of the Isles of Jersey and Guernsey.
Advises her to give orders to those in command to look to
those places. Also that they are arming some ships upon the
coast of Bretagne; therefore her merchants are not to be over
hazardous.—Chartres, 13 January 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.
|Jan. 13.||84. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. The Baron des Adrets has agreed with the Duke de
Nemours, and rendered to the Queen all Dauphiné with the
chief towns, Grenoble and Valence; and the Duke is to
be Governor of Dauphiné in the place of the Duke of Guise,
who is made Governor of Champagne. Others say that the
Marshal Bourdillon (who is coming from rendering of Pied-
mont,) will be the Governor; whilst others state it will be
the Prince of Roche-sur-Yon. The Baron is made a knight of
the Order, and has a company of 50 men at arms. Others
affirm that De Soubize still keeps Lyons for the Protestants.
In Orleans there is now great practise. The Duke of Guise's
eldest son, M. de Joinville, shall be sent to Orleans to-day as
a pledge for the Constable, who comes hither, and make an
appointment for the Admiral and the rest.|
|2. Since the battle the Duke de Nevers (M. de le Brosse's
son) and many other gentlemen have died of their wounds.
They reckon that they have lost nearly 800 gentlemen.
Cannot blame them for fearing the ruiters, for it was their
dags which did most of the mischief.|
|3. They say that the Admiral has passed the Loire at
Beaugency, and distributed his men at St. Aignan, Celles,
and Montrichard, which lie on that side the river; and that
Guise is also minded to pass the river there and besiege
Orleans on that side where the suburbs are. Marshal Vielleville is already in Normandy with a great power, whither
Marshal Brissac is also dispatched.|
|4. On the 12th inst. reports were brought that they will not
agree to peace among themselves; and that Guise will not deliver his son for a hostage, but will pass over at Beaugency and
fight with the Admiral. And that he may not lack help, the
King this morning, the 12th inst., made thirty-three of the
Order, and such of them as were present the writer's men
saw when they first wore their collars. To encourage them
he has distributed gens-d'armes amongst them, as appears by
the schedule herewith sent. Nearly all of them are gone to
the camp, and all the men of war from this town by a proclamation.|
|5. It is now constantly said that the Baron des Adrets has
not accorded; but he sent articles which were not accepted.
Some also say that he has overthrown the Duke de Nemours,
and that the Admiral desires nothing but a battle. Condé is
expected to be here either to-night or to-morrow. He is still
a prisoner, and lies not a league hence. And yet they say
that he agreed with Guise, and that there will be a cross
marriage between their children. Men look for them to come
to a battle in five or six days at the farthest. Sir Nicholas
(who this 13th inst. is dispatched with his passport and a
gentleman to conduct him,) will declare when he gets home
the state of this realm.—Chartres, 13 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
|6. P.S.—Trusts that the writer's man, Barlow, will be sent
with answer to this and the pardons, especially that for
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
|Jan 14.||85. Sir Thomas Dacre and Valentine Brown to Cecil.|
|For the better trial of advertisements that might pass into
France by the Earl of Bothwell, they caused the ships in
which he was to be ransacked, and found therein the enclosed
packet, which they think of some moment, as those who have
been examined touching it have denied the same. Other
letters were found, many of them for the Archbishop of
Glasgow, who is residing in Paris, about the great grief of
the bishops, abbots, and priests of Scotland against the Congregation in overthrowing the Earl of Huntly, "the staff of
that realm," as they term him. The messenger with these is
servant to the Bishop of Ross, whom they detain until they
hear again from thence.—Berwick, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 14.||86. The Provost of Paris [to the Privy Council.]|
|Having heard that they have come to interrogate him by
the Queen's command, he begs before answering to assure
them of the honour in which he holds her and themselves.
Being a subject of the King of France and his hostage in
England, he cannot reply to any of their questions without
first knowing his master's pleasure, with whom he begs that
the Queen will furnish him with the means of communicating.
—London, 14 Jan.|
Copy. Fr. P. 1.
Forbes, ii. 285.
|87. The Princess of Conde to the Queen.|
|Has express directions from her husband to write and say
that though his body is captive yet his heart remains free.
Begs that she will order her troops in Havre to afford them
every assistance.—Orleans, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed: Leonor
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Forbes, ii. 279.
|88. Smith and Somer to the Queen.|
|1. The French King departing from Paris on the 5th for
Chartres to his Mother, they had order from her on the 7th
inst., to go thither for their audience. On Sunday the 10th
inst. they arrived at Chartres, accompanied from St. Denis
with a Knight of Malta, named M. De Mery, sent from
Marshal De Montmorency, and with a gentleman of the
Queen named Boiffevrier, who was sent to meet them six
leagues from Chartres. On Monday morning M. De Sevre
came and told Smith that the King and Queen Mother would
hear them after dinner, and willed them to be there.|
|2. Smith presented Somers, who thereupon presented the
Queen's letters, and then addressed his speech to the King,
but so as the Queen might hear him. He said that the King
on the 11th Dec. published a proclamation of war in Paris
against the Queen. Whereupon she commanded her Council
to inform themselves by M. De Foix and the hostages, who
answered they could say nothing for certain, that such was
the bruit at Paris, and they thought no such thing was meant
by the King, but rather the contrary.|
|3. Notwithstanding which answers she is well assured that
such a proclamation was published in Paris by sound of
trumpet; therefore he [Somer] is sent to know their intents.
If war is denounced and the proclamation continues in force
let the King speak it plainly; if otherwise, then let him be
some public act revoke the former.|
|4. To this the Queen Mother repeated the answer made upon
this matter to Smith, viz., that the King had caused to be
published in Paris that all persons bearing arms should attend
upon the Constable; and that all strangers bearing arms
against the King should leave the realm forthwith, or be
reputed and followed as enemies and rebels. Another was
published, whereof they have no knowledge.|
|5. Somer said that besides that there was another, naming
directly the Queen, as if open war was denounced; to meet
which evil she saw no better means than by proclamation of
|6. The Queen Mother answered, that as for a revocation of
that proclamation, il ne tiendra pas â cela, and that so it is
meet that the Queen does the like in England. Concerning
the stopping of her ships, the Queen Mother had not heard of
any such thing. Somer said he had a memorial of the complaints, exhibited to the Queen on Christmas Eve, which
he delivered to the Queen Mother. She received it and said
the King had dealt better with the Queen than he had been
dealt with; for she has sent over aid to his enemies, received
his people in England, and landed forces at Newhaven, and
keeps the place. On those points he said the Ambassador
was here to answer in his charge, that he had no instructions
to speak thereof, but to deal as she heard; she said she
would communicate the whole to the Council and then make
|7. On Wednesday the Queen Mother said to Smith and
Somer that she and the Council have found that there was no
such proclamation published; therefore not having done as
was alleged, they thought there was no cause to make any
revocation. Somer said that Queen Elizabeth was well
assured such a proclamation was made, with those special
words against her and her subjects; the Queen Mother said
that they durst not do such a thing.|
|8. Somer replied, though there were no such made, yet to
stop the bruit, if the King cared for peace, they would
notify by publication that their meaning was not as is
spread abroad. She answered, as to any publication, she
could say no more than she had done; and therewith called
the Cardinal of Bourbon, and the Duke of Montpensier to
witness with her, who agreed with her saying. Thereto
Smith said there were two proclamations made on the
11th December, one containing such matter as she alleged,
the other that the Queen had broken her faith and had
landed troops in France. The Queen Mother on her honour
said there was no such thing, which the King himself also
assured, and so did the Duke and Cardinal.|
|9. As to the memorial which Somer had delivered to her,
she said she had heard of no such thing, but would do as the
case required. This matter was iterated in sundry speeches,
adding that those of Paris, being offended with the Queen
landing her forces at Newhaven, might have made such
rumour of war, but no such thing was meant by the King
nor her. Somer requested that he might have the King's
answer.—Chartres, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 8.
Forbes, ii. 284.
|89. Smith to the Queen.|
|1. After Somer had taken leave of the King and Queen
Mother she called him to her and said that she could not make
any other answer than that already given.|
|2. Now this proclamation is denied, he asks the Queen to
direct him how to proceed.|
|3. If she intends to have war with them she has now the
greater part of their ships in Dieppe and Newhaven; they are
thoroughly occupied a good way from her. She needs but
allow this answer to Somer, to take the war as proclaimed at
Paris, and revoke him, her Ambassador. If she will not wage
war with them they will upon the first advantage compel her
to abandon Newhaven, and maintain that she has lost her
right to Calais. All is ruled here now by the house of Guise,
to whose order the King and Queen Mother have given them-
selves. A great matter will depend upon a battle which is
expected shortly betwixt the Admiral and the Duke of Guise.
—Chartres, 14th Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 14.||90. Horsey to Lord Robert Dudley.|
|To the same effect as his to Cecil of this date, (No. 91.)
adding that he received letters for him yesterday from Henry
Killigrew, which he sends by the bearer. —Dieppe, 14 Jan.
1562. Signed: Edoard Horsey.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 14.||91. Horsey to Cecil.|
|1. Sends the letters which he received yesterday from
Throckmorton for the Queen. Has not heard from New-
haven since he came here, through the weather. Montgomery
looks longingly for the force from England. Divers Pro-
testant gentlemen come to him daily, who promise to live
and die with him in the defence of this town. He has com-
mitted the guard of the strongest fort here to the writer. The
Rhinegrave continues his old practices. He has lately written
very courteous letters to the Count, to win him with large
promises and gifts, but in vain. The Rhinegrave's force is
very near them; and Vielleville is at Rouen and has got
some power together to come hither. Begs that more help be
sent here with speed, and not to forget to send a good miner.|
|2. There are two forts here, the Citadel and the Polett. If
they do not have at the least 2,000 men they will be driven
to raze the latter, for the better furnishing of the citadel and
town. The people are more tractable than at their coming,
and have taxed themselves to pay off the French soldiers here.
Has heard by a gentleman of Picardy that Henry Killigrew
is with Damville at his house, and well treated, although the
Constable would have had him hung. Mr. Leighton is at the
Court and well used. Being at great charges here begs that
he may be considered.—Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed:
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 14.||92. Montgomery to Lord Robert Dudley.|
|Sends him a letter from Killigrew. Prisoners dare not
write as they wish; begs him therefore not to put too much
faith in the contents, in any point relating to the present
quarrel. Desires that the counterminer who is at Havre may
be sent to him.—Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add.: M. Le Grand. Endd.: To the
Lord Robert. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 14.||93. Montgomery to Cecil.|
|Begs him to desire the Queen to send her forces over as
quickly as possible in order that they may take Honfleur, and
so be able to join the Admiral. Has forwarded a letter from
Throckmorton to the Queen, and one from Quillegree [Killigrew] to M. Le Grand [Lord Robert]. Wishes that the
counterminer who is at Havre should be sent to him. If the
Queen will send over her forces they will be able to become
the assailants.—Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 14.||94. Arnold Walwyck to Cecil.|
|Last Monday when he spoke with Cecil about the Frisian
affairs he informed him of the Queen's intention of making a
treaty with that country and taking the Count into her pay.
Desires to have a writing to that effect, which Cecil promised
to send him. Has no further instructions than those which
he has shown him. If there is any uncertainty in them, he
can do nothing on his own responsibility. Desires that the
treaty may speedily be sent to him, as he is delayed to his
great cost and to the injury of his health; and also that he
may receive compensation for the great expense that he was at
in furthering the cause of some London merchants in East
Friesland.—London, 14 Jan. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Endd.: 14 Jan. 1562. Lat. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 15.||95. Warwick to the Privy Council.|
|Recommends the bearer, John Lewys, who served here as a
soldier under Captain Souche.—Newhaven, 15 Jan. 1562.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 15.||96. Warwick to [Cecil].|
|1. Asks him to stay St. Ouen, servant to Montgomery, who
is at London with the Vidame, of whom he has written to
the Count upon a practice touching Dieppe.—Newhaven,
15 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—Asks what entertainment is thought meet for
Orig. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 15.||97. Mr. Osborne to Challoner.|
|Fears that the Parliament matters will proceed only to a
subsidy, and other acts of form. The Lord Keeper in his
oration showed these two causes for summoning Parliament,
religion and policy, but no word fell out of succession, nor
of marriage; yet the Dean of Paul's in his sermon the
first day of Parliament very sorely pressed it.—Ivy Lane,
15 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 15 Jan.
1562. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 15.||98. Francisco Bravo to Challoner.|
|Has received his letter, and regrets the delay which has
occurred in the payment of the money.—Valladolid, 15 Jan.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 15 Jan. 1562.
Span. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 15.||99. Intelligences.|
|1. Vienna, 29 Dec. 1563.—The Emperor will summon a
diet at Worms. Letters from Transilvania about the wars
between the Vaivoda and the Turk.|
|2. Rome, 15 Jan. 1563. Death of the Bishop of Feltri.
The Pope has licensed the city of Rome to mask and play
comedies. Disappearance of a Spanish gentleman resident in
Rome. The Archbishops of Taranto and Otranto.|
Endd.: From Venice, 22 Jan. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 16.||100. Guido Gianetti to the Queen.|
|There has been a procession of the Signory on the 10th
inst., in honour of the victory in France over the enemies
of the church; the like has been done at Rome and elsewhere throughout Italy. The French prelates at Trent think
that the Admiral cannot hold out. King Maximilian has
sent to announce his creation to the Pope. His Holiness
will go to Bologna in February. Writes to Cecil on the
affairs of the Council of Trent, and sends a copy of the
demands made to the Council in the name of the King of
France by his Ambassadors to the Legates.—Venice, 16 Jan.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 16 Jan. 1562. Ital. Pp. 3.
|[Jan. 16.]||101. The Council of Trent.|
|Petitions presented by the French orators to the legates of
the Council of Trent, thirty-four in number.|
Copy, in Gianetti's hol. Lat. Pp. 7.
|Jan. 16.||102. Montgomery to the Queen.|
|1. Forwards letters from the Princess of Condé and
D'Andelot, which he begs her to answer as soon as
possible; and also to send the rest of her force to the Earl
of Warwick, so that he may join several gentlemen of
Picardy and Brittany and go to the assistance of the Prince,
who (although he is a captive) still maintains this quarrel.|
|2. Has sent to the Earl of Warwick and M. De Beauvoir
for some stores and troops to take some of the places which
hinder them from getting victuals; but has only got 300
men, which are not sufficient.—Dieppe, 16 Jan. 1562.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 16.||103. Montgomery to Cecil.|
|1. Asks for a speedy reply to the letters which he sent
to the Queen, and that more troops be sent to the Earl of
Warwick. Many gentlemen of Picardy and Normandy
would willingly go with him.—Dieppe, 16 Jan. 1562.
|2. P.S.—Begs that the matter may be brought to an end,
as these delays are dangerous. If this town falls he would
not give much for Havre, as the enemy intends to bring a
large army, and to cut off the supplies with their galleys.
It would have been better for the reputation of England
not to have sent any men at all, than to have sent them
merely to guard a place.|
Orig., with seal. The P.S. is hol. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 16.||104. Horsey to Cecil.|
|The Count desires more Englishmen here, and money for
the payment of the French soldiers who are with him.
There came to him many gentlemen of reputation, who
promise to deliver him divers towns, Abbeville is one.—
Dieppe, 16 Jan. 1563. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 16.||105. Horsey to Cecil.|
|1. After having written his former letter, the Count got
the news that De Vielleville means to offer him from the
King, that if he would keep this place, and not let any
English force enter, he should have the keeping of the
town and castle during his life, and have restitution of all
his goods, and certain footmen and horsemen at the King's
charge to remain in this town, with liberty of religion.
The man who declared this said that if the enemies had this
place they would besiege Newhaven by water and land.|
|2. The Count desires to have such a number of men here
as they shall be masters as well of the forts and castle as
of the town. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd.: From Dieppe.
|Jan. 16.||106. Defence of Newhaven.|
|Portinary's recommendations respecting such arrangements
as he thought necessary for the defence of Newhaven by the
English against the anticipated attack by the French.|
Orig. Hol. Dated and endd. by Cecil. Ital. Pp. 8.
|[Jan. 16.]||107. Translation of the above into English.|
Dated by Cecil, 20 Jan. 1562, and endd. by him. Pp. 12.
|Jan. 16.||108. Harry King to Challoner.|
|1. Arrived at the Court at Westminster on the 10 Jan.
and delivered the packet to Cecil, who said that Cobham
came not passing ten or twelve days before, who escaped
very dangerously the sea; he was driven into Ireland and
they lost their ship. Moved him concerning Challoner's
diets, but not of his two "footcloth nags," for he made
haste to go to the Queen. On the 12th Jan., she went to
the Parliament house with all the nobility and bishops of
the realm, and likewise again on the 15th. Trusts ere long
he shall hear some good news of the said parliament, which
shall be for the welfare of the whole realm.|
|2. The Rhinegrave practised with certain of the French
in Newhaven to betray the town. He sent a soldier ap-
parrelled like a peasant, with a basket with capons. They
of the ward looked in his basket, and some feeling him
about the body found many blank quires with nothing to be
seen upon them. The Earl of Warwick held the papers to
the fire, and so understood all the treason. It was written
to certain captains of the French that they should have slain
the Earl and have gotten the keys, and so to let the Rhinegrave
into the town. Now are these men taken and put to execu-
tion.—London, 16 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner:
Received by the ordinary, 8 March 1562. Pp. 3.
Forbes, ii. 287.
|109. Smith to the Queen.|
|1. At the departure of Mr. Somer, accord is despaired of,
until one or the other party have an overthrow. It is ru-
moured here, that on Wednesday the 13th inst., at break of
day, the Duke of Guise with his horsemen, without carriage
or baggage, crossed the Loire at Beaugency bridge, and set
men there to keep the same, so that no man should pass
after his company had crossed; what his exploit was, is not
|2. On the 14th, there came a Secretary with letters from
the Cardinal of Lorraine. They work there marvellously fast,
and offer in marriage the Queen of Scotland to Ferdinando,
the Emperor's son. "She serves them for a good stale;" she
has been offered to the King of Spain's son, the Kings of
Navarre and Sweden, the Emperor's son, and the Cardinal of
Bourbon, who is no priest. Fain would they have one to
have her that should break the amity betwixt England and
Scotland, and enhance the House of Guise, which is now so
great that the King and Queen here rather fear than love
them. So long as this war continues, the Prince and Constable
being prisoners and St. André dead, there is no remedy, but
of necessity the Duke must govern all. Thinks the Queen
has heard of the marriage practised betwixt the Prince of
Portugal and Madame Margaret, the King's sister.|
|3. By all intelligence which he can learn they mind not to
come to agreement with the Queen, they will rather agree to
all the Admiral's demands. With religion they make no
difficulty in words; but when it should come to conclusion
that is the greatest stay. For the offices, the Constable shall
greatly help to it; he will and does now suspect the
greatness of the Duke of Guise and consider the ruin of the
house of Châtillon, being his nearest kindred in France, next
his own children. And they see a greater number in France
than they thought of, follow that religion; a great number
who follow Guise do not stick to make profession of it
|4. Three things only let the agreement between themselves.
The chief is the mistrust that they of the religion have,
that the other goes about to entrap them, and means to
accord only in appearance, till they may disperse them, and
then destroy them one by one. The other is the greatness of
the House of Guise, which must increase as long as this
dissension lasts. The third is in the Parisians, who say they
will not change their religion, or receive the Huguenots
amongst them, whom they have expelled. The wiser that
excuse the Parisians say, their denial is because they fear if
the Huguenots return they would revenge their old injuries.|
|5. Another, which goes as far as the rest, is the respect they
have for the Pope, the King of Spain and other princes, who
help them for pretence of religion; what promise they have
made them he knows not.|
|6. On Thursday last, there was a little "escarmouche"
betwixt the band of Guisians, hacquebutters on horseback,
who had crossed the river, and those of Orleans. It took
place near Cléry. The loss of the Orleans party did not
exceed two, who pressed too far forward; but they repulsed
the others, and slew and took prisoners the whole of the
Guisians, except seven. The praise of that charge is given to
M. D'Avarat, and they make great boast of it. The Guisian
camp is still this side the water; they are so pressed that
they have to forage for their horses twelve leagues distant;
and for other victuals they are in such penury that they will
be compelled shortly to break up the camp.|
|7. The talk yesterday and to-day is of a meeting at
Châteaudun; to-morrow (the 18th Jan.) the Queen journeys
thither. They are in hopes a peace will be concluded there.
Châteaudun is not more than nine leagues from Chartres. He
intends to have one of his men there, to see the manner of it.
It is said Tancarville is besieged.—Chartres, 17th Jan. 1562.
Orig. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.
|Jan. 17.||110. The Provost of Paris.|
|The effect and substance of certain confessions and exami-
nations of Andrew Claudy, Deoville, and John Gascon, con-
cerning the pretended murder of Captain Mazine, Italian, at
the instigation of the Provost of Paris, taken on 10, 12 and 17
Endd. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 18.||111. The Lady Cecilia of Sweden to the Queen.|
|The Queen's late doings in Scotland and her aid to the
faithful in France against their raging enemies are a great
comfort to all Christians. Desires her to write to the King,
her brother, that he will license her to come over to Eng-
land, as she has no mind to marry before she has seen the
Queen. About a year past there came a nobleman of Poland,
the Earl of Teyn, who moved for her marriage with his
master. Her brother agreed thereto, contrary to her will,
but in the end it was broken off. Now he would have her
marry the eldest son of the Landgrave of Hesse; to which
she will in nowise consent, but would rather serve her [the
Queen] and continue unmarried. Begs her to send the letter
by some nobleman who kept most company with her brother,
John Duke of Finland, if possible by Easter, for about that
time the Landgrave's son will be here; so that if her letter
has not come the writer will be much troubled to withstand
her brother's request in that behalf.—Stockholm, 18 Jan.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 18.||112. Capture of the Earl of Bothwell.|
|1. John Ryveley, of Berrington (Co. Northumberland), in
his examination touching the receiving the Earl, affirms that
he neither knew nor heard of his arrival at Holy Island, nor
of his departure from thence. That Willye Tatt of Tynedale,
servant to the Earl, came to his house on Sunday afternoon,
the 3rd, saying that he came in a "trodd" of sheep, and
desired his help in "speringe" of them. With him was an
Englishman, whom he knew not. After he had set up his
horse he declared to him that the Earl of Bothwell, his
master, was in displeasure with the Queen and Council of
Scotland. He asked him to let the Earl be in his house for
two or three days to prepare himself, which he granted;
whereupon Tatt departed. On the next day, Monday, the
Earl, Tatt, and Davie Chambers came to his house, and he
kept them close until the following Thursday, when the
Council of Berwick sent and took him.|
|2. On Monday, the 12th, the Earl required him to provide
a guide for his man, Chambers, to Holy Island, to see if there
were any ships; which he granted, and willed them to bring
home a bottle of wine, which they did. His man and
Chambers returned the same afternoon; and after supper the
Earl spoke to his man in French, and he answered in the
same language. Whereupon the deponent grew suspicious of
them, and mused thereon in bed; and as he imagined that
the Earl might deceive, he rose up and asked the town watch
"what a'clock it was ?" they answered, past two of the clock.
Then he called his man, Thomas Darling, and willed him to
ride to Mr. Clavering at Norham, and tell that the Earl
was in his house. His boy, whom he sent to the Island, was
John a Riveley, his brother's son, who is at Berrington.|
|3. John a Riveley said that his master sent him to guide
the Earl's man to Holy Island; and after he had taken him
to the end of the town he returned without tarrying.|
|4. Captain Carew said that he sent to Holy Island to make
a secret search, and the boy being in the town to seek for
wine led him to suspect Riveley's house; whereupon the
garrison was sent thither.|
|5. Thomas Darling said that his master sent him to
Norham about two "of clock" on Thursday morning; he
rode there and told the Constable that the Earl was at his
master's house. The distance being but four miles, he was
asked what time he got to Norham; he said about day-break,
being about five o'clock.|
|6. Thomas Clavering, Constable of Norham, said that
Darling came and spoke to him hereof between 6 and 7 of
the clock on Thursday morning; whereupon he immediately
rose and raised his company of horsemen and rode quickly
thither; but before he arrived the Earl was taken, and had
been at Berwick a good space.|
|7. John Howrde, Master of the Ordnance of Berwick,
Captain Cornewall, and John Dacres, Under-marshal, who
were sent to Jo. Riveley's house at Berrington, with certain
of the garrison, said that upon their arrival there they beset
the same, and called; whereupon Riveley rose up in his shirt,
and being asked what guests he had, said that he had some,
and that the Earl was in his vault without his lodging. On
coming to the door they asked for the key, which he said the
Earl had within. Those within having opened the door,
thinking those abroad to be their friends, they entered,
where they found the Earl in bed, and two of his men
standing with their weapons and apparel about them, and
their horses saddled; and so apprehended the Earl and his
men between 4 and 5 o'clock on the said Thursday morning.
Signed by Dacres and Vaughan.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 18.||113.Message from the French Ambassador to Cecil.|
|The French Ambassador's secretary puts into writing the
following message at Cecil's request. The Ambassador having
demanded an audience last Saturday was promised one on
Sunday; but just as he was setting out for court on that
day he was informed by the Lord Chamberlain that the
Queen could not see him. Finds this very strange, considering
the grave position of affairs and that he has several times
requested audience from the Queen. Desires him to remind
the Queen that it is an Ambassador's duty to demand an
audience when necessary; and also to consider that her
Ambassador in France is never delayed more than a day.|
Copy. Endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 20.||114. Provisions for Berwick.|
|The Queen directs her purveyors in Norfolk and Suffolk to
assist Valentine Brown in procuring grain at the following
prices: wheat 13s. 4d., rye 10s., and malt 8s. the quarter.—
Westminster, 20 Jan., 5 Eliz.|
Draft. Endd. Broadside.
|Jan. 20.||115. The Queen to Admiral Coligny.|
|Received his letters of the 2nd inst., by which it appears
that he has only retired to Orleans to refresh his horsemern,
and thereupon purposes to visit his enemies. Since she
received his letters she has been advised by letters of her
minister in France that the King is gone to Chartres to
the Queen Mother, and that matters appear to be towards
an accord. If he can have such an accord as will be to
God's honour and his own surety, and that of his associates,
she will be content therewith, so that it be also considered
therein how her demands shall be satisfied. And so doing
she is content that he should have a certain sum of money
delivered to him in Normandy towards paying his army.
And if the treaty now in hand at Chartres shall so fall
out as that his adversaries will not yield to his conditions
for ceasing this civil war, in that case she will not only make
speedy payment to him of all the money promised to the
Prince of Condé, but will, during the captivity of the Prince,
grant him such aid by money, or men, or by both, as shall
appear reasonable for her and her estate. She therefore
desires that he will speedily let her understand by two or
three several ways how this treaty succeeds.|
Portions underlined to be expressed in cipher. Corrected
draft by Cecil, and dated and endd. by him. Pp. 4.
Forbes, ii. 290.
|116. Translation of the above into French.|
Portions underlined to be expressed in cipher. Corrected
draft, dated and endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 20.||117. Sir Maurice Denys to Cecil.|
|1. Is sorry to perceive by his letter of the 7th inst. (received
this day) that there has been some trouble in understanding
the state of his charges here, by the variations betwixt the
controller's books and his own. Nothing has been paid but
|2. Has not 1,200l. in hand for victuals, as Cecil wrote that
he had, for the greater part thereof is in the soldiers' hands
for lack of pay. The victuals due to 31 December amounted
to only 1,700l., whereof the writer cannot detain much above
|3. Touching the task work here by the soldiers, and the
French masons' work, is informed that the masons began their
work about the 10th ult., and have been paid weekly ever
since; for otherwise they would not work, being French masons.
The soldiers began their task on the 22nd ult., for which they
have received no pay. Since the 24th a new task has been
made for scouring the ditches, for which they have likewise
been paid weekly, otherwise they would not work, because
of their great charges in bringing their beef, and other things
necessary for them; and if they ceased for lack of pay, the
ditches would be worse than before. So the charges daily
grow, which will appear in his next advertisement. Two
months' wages will be due to the soldiers on the 25th inst.
Mosley has demanded 50l. for transporting 140 soldiers
belonging to Captains Ormesby and Kemys.|
|4. It is said here that the Duke of Guise besieged Orleans
with 20,000 men; and that it was delivered up last Friday
by the treachery of those within the town; that D' Andelot
is dead, and that Châtillion is at Blois; but the news does
not deserve credit. He who has Marshal St. André's place is
coming into these parts. He and the Rhinegrave have
60,000 men in readiness; and within the last three days
twelve cannon were brought to them; so they mean something to this town or Dieppe. This town was clean destitute
of victuals until this day.—Newhaven, 20 Jan. 1562.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 20.||118. Montgomery to Warwick,|
|Yesterday he made a sally to Arques and beat up the
companies of Souplicourt and Belebranche so sharply that
there remained on the field six or seven score, and most of
the rest wounded. They had only about 300 infantry, thirty
English pikemen, and sixty or eighty horse. If they had
had artillery they could have taken the place, although the
companies were each 200 strong. Begs him to send him
reinforcements, and also to give the money which the Queen
has sent for his troops to the bearer. Desires that he may
have the Scotch cavalry.—Dieppe, 20 Jan. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 20.||119. The Rhinegrave to Warwick.|
|Has received his letter thanking him for his good treat-
ment of his soldiers; if he could have done more for them
he would, on account of his desire to please. As for the
peace, he showed a letter to Captain Saul, and has since
received others which confirm the news that the Queen is
doing everything to bring about a good accord, and that
Condé is much inclined thereto; but they cannot yet agree
upon the conditions. After he has put things in order here
he intends to go for four or five days to the Court, from
whence he will send more certain intelligence. M. De Guise
has crossed the Loire and has approached the Admiral, who has
still about 2,500 reiters and a few infantry; they are like
two dogs snarling at each other, but he does not think that
they will be allowed to fight. Desires him to send M. De
Bacqueville to hear what he intended to do with respect to
taking Dieppe with which he is charged; and promises to
send him back. Will be much obliged if the Earl will allow
Bacqueville to go to his house. Has managed to get the
"poor English" away from Caudebec, who have engaged
to pay all expenses incurred on their account.—Montivilliers,
20 Jan. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 20.||120. The Queen Mother to Marshal Montmorency.|
|As she intends to go to Paris in a day or two she has
advised the English Ambassador to set out before her.
Desires that he may be well lodged, and he and his men
protected from any outrage by the people.—Chartres, 20 Jan.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Forbes, ii. 292.
|121. The Queen to the Marshal of Hesse.|
|The affection which he bears her has induced her rather to
write to him than to send a message. Has had a sum of
money ready in Normandy for the Prince of Condé, which
was intended to be employed in paying the Marshal and
his reiters. As there is pay owing to them, it shall be given
to them at Havre, or if they prefer it, it can be assigned to
the German merchants.—Westminster, 20 January 1562.|
Corrected draft. Endd. by Cecil: 21 Jan. [sic.] 1562.
Fr. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 20.||122. Another copy of the above.|
Fr. P. 1.
|Jan. 20.||123. H. Knollys to Cecil.|
|Have already in the first setting out of their journey made
such diligence that their horses begin to complain. Sends
news from Lyons and Dauphiné taken out of a letter sent
to M. De Conjet, the French Ambassador in Switzerland,
which is confirmed by letters from M. De Soubize, Calvin,
and others, insomuch as order is taken for the stay of the
Baron Des Adrets' son, whom for his safety he sent to the
Palsgrave to Heidelberg. It is said that the Baron has
made a compact with the Duke of Nemours that on whether
part soever the victory should incline, his own safety should be
well provided for. They are all in good health.—Rhinhausen,
20 Jan. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 20 Jan. 1562. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 20.||124. Cuerton to Challoner.|
|With the first wind a ship departs for London, wherein
goes the maid who came for Madam Clarentius. "She hath
made a wise voyage." Some say that the English have
taken Honfleur and Dieppe.—Bilboa 20 Jan. 1563. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Pp. 2.