Elizabeth
February 1563, 1-5

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Institute of Historical Research

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Joseph Stevenson (editor)

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1869

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92-112

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'Elizabeth: February 1563, 1-5', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 6: 1563 (1869), pp. 92-112. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=72049 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


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February 1563, 1-5

[Feb.]211.The Queen to Admiral Coligny.
Received his letters by M. De Teligny, from whom she has heard at length of his proceedings since the battle. Thinks that he has more regard of her than at any time before the battle, wherein she is satisfied. Commendations of the Admiral's messenger [M. De Teligny].
Corrected draft in Cecil's hol., written on a paper Endd.: Jacobi Acontii supplex libellus de cohibendis Tamisis inundationibus. Pp. 2. (fn. 1)
[Feb.]212. [Cecil to Admiral Coligny.]
Received his letters by the bearer, M. Teligny, by whom he was glad to understand his determination in the cause of God. The writer would, if it pleased the Queen, be glad to employ his body and all that he has in the same.
Corrected draft, in Cecil's hol. P. 1.
[Feb.]213.[Cecil to Admiral Coligny.]
Thanks for the good opinion declared in his letters, and expresses his determination to continue to advance the cause.
Corrected draft in Cecil's hol. P. 1. (fn. 2)
[Feb.]214. Copy of the corrected draft as above.
P. 1.
Feb.215. Instructions to Vaughan.
Instructions by the Privy Council to Cuthbert Vaughan, Controller of Newhaven, respecting the soldiers, labourers, and clerks; the searcher and water bailiff; and the sale of victuals.
Endd. Pp. 4.
[Feb.]216. Cecil's Memoranda.
Memoranda by Cecil of different measures to be adopted for keeping Newhaven, recovering Calais, raising money, etc.
Orig. Hol. Endd. Pp. 2.
[Feb.]217.Memoranda for Newhaven.
Memoranda for the increase of pioneers, soldiers, and victuals; for a better furniture of hand-mills; for the galley to be furnished; for a power upon the seas; for more traverses on a hill on the north side of the town, and that Capt. Horsey and his band shall be sent for.
Orig. Draft, with corrections and additions by Cecil, and endd. by him. Pp. 2.
[Feb.]218.Charges in France.
Charges at Rouen, Dieppe, Tancarville and Caen, amounting to 11,591l. 5s. 1½d.
Pp. 4.
[Feb.]219. Another copy of the above, with a few slight variations.
Pp. 4.
Feb.220. George North and Leo Curio to —.
John, Count of Thenczin, desires that the Queen will commend him to the Princess Cecilia, and console her for the death of his brother. Desires also that she will send his commendations to the King of Sweden. Ask for a passport in order that they may leave England.
Orig. Endd.: Feb. 1563. Lat. Pp. 3.
Feb. 1.221. The Provost of Paris to —.
Desires him to tell L. that it is false that he ever made a haughty answer, but on the contrary he is determined, if they come, to give them everything signed with his name. Sends a copy which he is to carry to him at once. "M. De Ceans" has gone to them this morning as usual. He has desired him to say that he wishes to satisfy them and the Queen, and begs them to let him remain where he is for four days until he receives news from France; and in the meantime if they visit him they shall return contented. Asks him to request his brother not to become ill.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil: Provost of Paris, 1 Feb. Fr. P. 1. (fn. 3)
Feb. 2.
Forbes, ii. 321.
222.Instructions for Middlemore.
1. Proceeding to the Ambassador in France he shall learn from him what has been done upon the arrival of John Sommer. If employed he [Middlemore] shall remember the Admiral be kept in comfort to procure three things, viz., the relief of the cause of religion, the surety of himself and his associates, and that consideration be had of the Queen and her great charges.
2. If these things can be obtained by accord the Admiral shall treat with his adversaries; if not, she advises him not to let his time be spent to the commodity of his adversary.
3. He shall also report to the Admiral the great charges she has already sustained, but that she will nevertheless not only deliver to the Prince money for paying his Almain horsemen, but will also deliver her bonds to any merchants who will thereupon lend him 100,000 crowns.
4. He shall also say that she has thought meet to open her intent to him only by Middlemore, not knowing how messages might be carried in these dangerous times.
5. He shall finally intend all his actions to procure that no accord be made without her interest being regarded. He shall have letters of credit to the Admiral and the Marshal of Hesse, and shall use all good words on her behalf, to encourage the Marshal to persist with the Admiral there in the service of God. For the payment of his horsemen he shall put to him whether he will have the money at Newhaven or by exchange in Almain. Signed by the Queen.
Orig. Partly in cipher. Endd. by Cecil: 2 Feb. 1562, Instructions for H. Middlemore, sent into France. These were not sent, because he was sent to Newhaven. Pp. 3.
[Feb. 2.]223. Corrected draft of the above.
Cecil's hol. Passages underlined to be ciphered. Endd.: 27 Feb. [sic] 1562. Pp. 4.
Feb. 3.224. Sir Thomas Dacre and Valentine Browne to the Privy Council.
1. Delivered Bothwell to Sir Henry Percy at Tynemouth, and have proceeded with the rest who were in his company, and with Ryveley, the receiver of them, as follows:—
2. The ship in which he arrived at Holy Island was laden with merchant's goods, and ten of the merchants were with them, who were landed there, where they stayed for fourteen days. The writers searched the ship for letters and the Earl's goods, but found nothing but merchandise, and perceiving that the Earl had by practice come aboard without the foreknowledge of the merchants, they dismissed them.
3. Davie Chambers, Henry Swynton, James Porterly, and Willye Tatt, servants of the Earl, are released upon the bonds of the Earl and themselves to appear before the writers upon six days warning.
4. John a Reveley being well allied in this part of the country, they have released him upon bond, with four sureties in 400l., to appear there on 1st of next March. If he is put under march law it will touch him very nigh. Strait execution is needful, as the country receives more danger by rumours of Scots amongst themselves than they do by the Scots and thieves of the opposite borders.
5. While Bothwell was in their custody he told them that he hoped well of the Queen's favour in Scotland towards him, and that she (secretly misliking the authority of Murray and others) was not offended with his escape, but rather inclined thereto, and that he should repair to the Duke of Guise. It appears by his talk that he and a great part of the nobility were in a confederacy to remove the authority there.
6. They have been informed that the Earl and certain others had made a "draughte" to have set fire in two places in this country about this time, to begin a stir contrary to the minds of the authority. Sir John Foster can tell them something about this practice.
7. They think that he should be detained in England; and as he is not a lawful prisoner, they state that on Monday the 28th Dec. he arrived at Holy Island with one man, and from thence departed on foot into Scotland, where he was six days, and after that, on his return, he was three days in Ryveley's house, until he was taken, during which time he might have practised some offence against this realm.— Berwick, 3 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig., in Browne's hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Feb. 3.225. Smith to the Queen.
1. Somers arrived here on Candlemas Even. He and Mr. Middlemore were both on the sea at once, but Somers being driven to Dunkirk they did not meet.
2. Perceives that she considered before his letters came, the same thing to be necessary which he thought good. The Admiral, with the Marshal and Ruiters, has passed Chartres, Dreux, and the Seine, and gone to Newhaven, and in two or three days will be there. Sends this bearer by post, that some wise men may be sent thither immediately to commune with him. D'Andelot is left in Orleans with the footmen. The Duke of Guise will besiege the town; he is making preparation. The camp is at Beaugency, and the King and Queen and the Court are at Blois. The Prince was carried thence prisoner last week, with three cornets of horsemen, either to Amboise or Loches. All the Ambassadors are here, but will repair to the Court at Blois, where the Court will lie till Easter, or until they accord or have their will of Orleans. The Admiral being away, there is small likelihood of peace.— Paris, 3 Feb. 1562. Signed.
3. P. S.—Sends a plat of the battle of Dreux, as it is set forth in print here.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Feb. 3.226. Admiral Coligny to the Queen.
As Warwick sends this bearer, Mr. Somerset, the writer advertises her of the deliverance of this town from tyranny, the castle having been taken with trifling loss. — Caen, 3 Feb. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.227. Montgomery to the Queen.
For the last five or six days he has not had sufficient money to pay the six companies of foot and 200 cavalry whom he has brought hither. Begs that she will remedy this inconvenience. Would not trouble, but during the two months that this company has been at her devotion he has only received 2,000 crowns.—Dieppe, 3 Feb. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.228.Montgomery to Cecil.
Desires him to be a means with the Queen to obtain relief for his men. It is reported that the Admiral has defeated 800 cavalry who were endeavouring to enter La Sologne; also that the Queen of Navarre is going to join him with 4,000 reiters, who have already entered France.—Dieppe, 3 Feb. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd.: 3 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp.2.
Feb. [3].229. [The Privy Council] to Montgomery.
Thanks for his letters. The Queen is as careful of his wellbeing as if he were her kinsman. The reasons in his remonstrances, which the bearer showed them, with the plat of Dieppe, have much probability. The bearer will report the mind of the Queen touching succours of men. A convenient sum of money shall be sent him, either from Newhaven or Rye, to retain his numbers in comfort and enable him to levy others. With this sum they beg him to bear at present. They have stayed Captain St. Ouen, who has had practices with the Rhinegrave to betray, not only the Earl of Warwick, but also him [the Count]. Part of his practices he does not deny, but says that he made him [Montgomery] privy thereof. They pray him to signify what he would have them do with him.
Draft, in Cecil's writing. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.230.Lord Robert Dudley and Cecil to Montgomery.
Have received his letters and delivered his demands to the Queen, who is anxious about him. As to the remonstrances and the plan of Dieppe, which the bearer has shown them, they think his arguments very reasonable. The bearer will tell him the Queen's plan for reinforcing him. He shall have money from Havre or Rye, and if it is not sufficient, he must have patience, as the Queen has to maintain the Admiral. The bearer will state why they have arrested Captain St. Ouen, he being manifestly discovered practising with the Rhinegrave [to betray, not only the Earl of Warwick, but also Montgomery (fn. 4) ]. He does not deny it, but says that he communicated the plan to Montgomery, who consented, designing solely to catch the Rhinegrave in some trap, which does not appear likely. They desire to know what he would have done with him.—Westminster, 3 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Corrected copy. Add. Endd.: 3 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.231. Another copy of the above.
Corrected draft, containing the passage cancelled in the last number. Endd.: 3 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.232. Lord Robert Dudley to Throckmorton.
1. Has perused his letters, and imparted those of most consequence with the Queen. Concerning the peace, Throckmorton shall understand the Queen Mother's resolution by her own letters. Where he advertises of a meeting between him and the Queen Mother, he may perceive how they report that he sought it, as though thereby they took more hope than before. He may see by the Queen's letters that it is fully resolved that as soon as may be they agree to the offer for reservation to Smith, leaving out the delivery of the hostages, whereby the Queen's honour will not be greatly touched. Nor will winning of time by present quietness hinder their purposes hereafter, considering it is rather like that the peace shall breed them a worse war than this present wasteful war, tending rather to impoverish the English, and (considering how slenderly they are furnished of friends) rather to have fewer than to recover any. But as the Queen has never shown any liking to any agreement, but to have the ratification of the treaty of Cambray, and has lately willed Smith absolutely to demand it, and to deal no further, but to break off, it is thought more convenient to have this way brought about by the writer, and that his proceedings should come, as it were, from himself. Sees that the general matter of reservation will be accepted, for there is all probability that no better will be had. The French desire peace as well as themselves, and will yield, being well handled, to as much as with honour they may. Hitherto they more stoutly stand in those things which are unfit to be granted.
2. When Mauvisier was in England he entreated Lord Robert to have consideration toward peace. He replied that if he saw reason offered to the Queen he would further the acceptation of it, but he perceived that the French only sought to win time, seeing the seas were full of the English ships of war, and their ports with the French ships laden with riches. Mauvisier asked him whether they desired to have more than to have their rights reserved ? He said that they had special articles to have the hostages, and asked why they should have them more than the English should have Calais ? Mauvisier said they should have Throckmorton for them. The writer replied that they meant to make no such change, as if they withheld him there would never be peace between France and England. Mauvisier said that God forbid that the breach of peace should stand upon him, or the hostages either; to which the writer answered that if Throckmorton were the worst page in the Queen's chamber it as much touched her honour as if he were the greatest Lord in this case, he being sent over with credit from her, and being apprehended as a prisoner, which is sufficient alone to make a war. Mauvisier said that if he would deal anew to qualify this revolt (as he termed it), some good would follow. The writer oft used this speech to him, that if peace was earnestly meant they took an evil way to shut Throckmorton up, and assured him on his honour that no man ever went with a more resolute mind to make an accord than he did.
3. The Ambassador resident also sent for Harry Killegrew ten or twelve days past, and in like sort prayed the writer to enter earnestly into this matter, and did not doubt that the article of the hostages would not stay the great good, and said that this earnest standing out for the hostages was some private man's doing (naming De l'Aubespine), and that the French King and Queen would request an exchange for some here. Somer was sent to Smith with resolution that, unless he could find reason for the ratification of the treaty, he should break off; and Somer was told most earnestly that Smith should know none other, because they would be sure he should not be deciphered, as he had been before. Knowing now certainly their intents, it is not expedient for Smith to deal in a matter where he had commandment to have what they demanded or to break off, that he should now yield to take what they offer. There are none so fit as Throckmorton, and the Queen is resolved not to end without his deliverance. If any lack come by the handling of this matter between Smith and himself, it will be both their undoings. Smith must be made privy to this, and then, if he "fault," he were well worthy to pay dearly for it. It was resolved that he should still maintain this determination for the ratification of the treaty, and to cast out words as though, finding the difficulty of it, he looked very shortly to be revoked. In this time Throckmorton must offer his service, and may say that he has written to Lord Robert to have some good done, and that he finds him ready if he might have such ground as that he might attempt it. If the least inkling in the world betrays this intent, all is lost. He must take heed that no private " squares " between him and Smith disorder the cause, which he fears, seeing that the displeasure already begun is nourished with many spiteful and subtle practices. Their mislikings are here a common talk, and they know of them. Desires him rather to yield to a wrong at such a time and for so weighty a cause.
4. Has thoroughly perused his memorials; many of them that appertain inwardly are already put in execution, as Lord Cobham's repairing to his charge, with the whole coast putting in order against sudden attempts. The navy is increased. Strait proclamations are set forth for the restraint of all French wares. Due execution of justice is had for all complaints of the King of Spain's subjects, and tokens are given of increase of amity on their part. There is yet no personage appointed for sending into Spain.—Windsor, 3 Feb. Signed.
Orig. [Hol. ?], with seal. Add. Endd. by Throckmorton's son. Pp. 8.
Feb. 3.233. Challoner to the Queen.
Sends a transcript of a proclamation in reformation of the impost upon wools issued out of this country into Flanders or other parts. Whereas aforetimes the King put a double impost upon strangers, now (for the fraud committed by the merchant denizens colouring the merchant strangers' goods) both shall pay alike a third rate between both. Believes the English merchants are no less culpable in this colouring, and what she yearly loses in her customs will never well appear before another order be taken.
Corrected draft, in Challoner's hol., and endd. by him: 3 Feb. 1562, by Garcias. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.234. Challoner to the Queen.
1. Has since learned that Don Fernando de Toledo's repair into France was for the purposes above, notwithstanding some discourse of his passing farther on to the Emperor, and so into Italy. Touching Don Martin De Guzman's despatch to the Emperor, they add to his errand this King's desire, by means of the Emperor, to strike a truce with the Turk for some term of years, that, being despatched of that clog, he may the better convert himself elsewhere, and proceed, as he does, in the acquittal of the rest of his debts.
2. This King has presently imprested to the French King (besides former sums) 100,000 ducats, besides the contributions of the Pope, the Venetians, and the Duke of Florence. A new supplement of 1,500 Spaniards is to be sent to the others already serving in France. As long as matters are doubtful there, the better opportunity she has to use this King's means about the permutation of Havre de Grace for Calais. Having been deluded, he sends this by John Garcias, whom, for his long and faithful service, he commends.— Madrid, 3 Feb. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Passages in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.: 3 Feb. 1562. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.235. Copy of Challoner's letters of Jan. 2 and 30, and corrected draft of the above letter of Feb. 3.
Passages underlined, to be expressed in cipher. Pp. 7.
Feb. 3.236. Challoner to Cecil.
Sends this by John Garcia, whom he commends, and asks the Queen to consider his long service and grey hairs. Has delivered to him 420 rials of plate. Was deceived of a Flemish courier. Wishes he was at home, or else he believes that he is like to lay his bones here, if these pains of his stomach continue.—Madrid, 3 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig., in Challoner's hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil: 3 Feb. 1563. Pp. 2.
Feb. 3.237. Challoner to Cecil.
1. This King is and will be earnest on the Guisians' side, and therefore it is to be weighed how far they deal in this matter. Understands that upon the taking of Condé and Throckmorton the Duke of Guise alone was in talk with them retired more than three hours. The King here has the Queen Mother's humour half suspected. Conferences have passed between the Cardinal of Ferrara and Smith. Has not heard from Cecil since the 13th of October. It has been told him that in her sickness the Queen declared by testament the Earl of Huntingdon her successor. Cecil's "guadamezzilles" are done, and should have been brought from Cordova save for this exceeding rainy weather, lasting two months together. Prays him to help forward his revocation. The Queen promised him that his abode should not pass two years, of which term fifteen months are already come. Dr. Wilson is as able to supply this room as he is.—Madrid, 30 Jan. 1563.
2. P.S.—His servant wrote that his diets, due on the 1st of September, could not be gotten, so ere ever he receives the same here it will be towards the end of April, during which time he runs upon interest. This one point has cost him above 200l. since he came hither. A month's different at home sometimes hinders him three months.
3. P. S.—Since writing the above he received Cecil's letter written on Christmas Day. From henceforth he bids him not to trust to sending by way of France or Flanders of any letters directly endorsed to him, unless he adds some merchant's cover, as the Fuggers, or some other Genoese merchants who have their factors in this Court. Marvels that Mr. Cobham has not yet arrived, seeing that he embarked from Bilboa on the 10th Nov. Cecil's letters may be directed to John Cuerton, of Bilboa. Doubts not but that Parliament will freely put in use their privilege touching marriage. Seeing that in Scotland the sway of the nobles is such, might not that Queen's marriage be procured with one well affected of that nation, now that her uncles are otherwise occupied The Prince of Spain has by discourses been "wayned" tha way. Is sorry the last summer's intended meeting took n place. As they now stand, if permutation take not quick effect, Havre de Grace will be another Boulogne to the English. One million ordinary rent added to that they now levy is little enough, as until they increase their finances their neighbours will not set much by them.—Madrid, 3 Feb. 1563. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.: 3 Feb. 1563. Pp. 4.
Feb. 3.238. Another copy of the above.
Corrected draft, in Challoner's hol., and endd. by him: 3 Feb. 1562. Sent by Garcia, by the way of Bilboa. Portions underlined, to be ciphered. Pp. 13.
Feb. 4.239. Smith to Cecil.
1. A little castle, called Château Genet, not far from Moulins, being held by the Huguenots, the Duke of Guise sent a company of his men with pioneers to overthrow it. The most part of the pioneers were slain, amongst whom was one Calton, an Englishman. The castle appertained to Marshal St. André. At Rouen there has been a debate betwixt MM. De Villebon and De Vielleville for dallying with the King's pardon, and for cruelty to them of the religion by Villebon. Vielleville drew his sword, and Villebon is so hurt in the head and arm that he will not escape. Vielleville took the castle and sent for the Rhinegrave, and so was delivered from the fury of the people. One of the King's Advocates and one of the Presidents were killed by the Papists for an Huguenot.
2. Four days past the ruitres took of the Parisians 120,000 francs as it was brought from Lyons to Paris. They in Paris every day murder one or other for Huguenots. It is enough if a boy, when he sees a man in the street, but cries "Voyla vng Huguenot," and straight the idle vagabonds, and such as cry things to sell, and crocheters (fn. 5) , set upon him with stones; and then out come the handicraftsmen and idle apprentices with swords, and thrust him through with a thousand wounds; then they spoil him of his clothes, and the boys trail him down to the river and cast him in. If they kill a town dweller they enter his house and carry away what he had; and if his wife and children be not carried away they kill them likewise.
3. About 2 p.m., Jan. 28, a marvellous noise was suddenly heard all over Paris; it was like a double shot, or rather thun- der, for it had a "hossing after it." About thirty or forty houses were laid flat, and divers men, women, and children were oppressed with the fall. In St. Jaques' Street two chimneys fell down. At Madame Destamps, where he lies, one of the fairest lodgings here, almost all the glass was spoiled. Soon after it was known that the town store-house had been blown up, which is in the Arsenal, where the munition and shot is. Divers persons were slain. The Celestines and St Paul's Church, and divers others near, had marvellous much hurt.
4. The people in a great fury came out and said it was a train made by the Huguenots, and, after their accustomed rage, slew they could not tell whom. Four or five were quickly despatched in this quarter, stripped, and cast into the river. They went to the house of Bowlanck, Receiver of Paris, who had a great deal of the King's receipts in his house, and although he and his wife go daily to Mass, and tarried for the most part at the Celestines, yet a great number besieged his place and spoiled him. Some got into his "caves," and into their hats drew out his wine and drank, and carried it about the streets. He escaped; howbeit one there they slew. When it was bruited that certain arquebusiers were sent to defend his house, the brute people retired, after having besieged it nearly four hours, even till night. Smith could see the house from his lodgings. This morning he saw arquebusiers and other harnessed men set to defend it. About 8 o'clock at night the drum went to call the captains together against the Huguenots. Marshal Montmorency came the same day to see the hurt, and to take some order among the people, who ran fast to the Arsenal. But when he came among them neither he, nor the Provost, nor the Eschevins dared do anything against the people, but let them do what they would. When he returned from thence he sent a gentleman to Smith to show him that the loss (fifteen or sixteen milliers) came by the negligence of the workmen. They have their punishment, he said, for they are all slain. He then said that Smith was lodged in a house by the water side, where the watermen and such rude men resort; and for the care which the Queen had given him, he would counsell him to dislodge. He had provided him a good house in La Vieille Rue du Temple, and would that he sent his man to see it. The writer sent his man, who found it was a Huguenot's house; and as it was shut up and chained, he could not see it.
5. On the morning of January 29th, came the Provost of the merchants, with twenty or thirty men in harness, with their arquebusiers, and told Smith that this house was not for him, and that Messieurs de la Ville did not think it meet that he should lodge there. He said that he was content if he had another house fit for him, although it seemed very strange that he should so be dislodged, as no man com plained either of him or his men, for so he confessed. So the writer sent his man to Marshal Montmorecy; but is still troubled about his lodgings.
6. On Sunday last the Ambassador of Ferrara visited him, and as they were talking together, as his porter stood at the gate there came a captain with a sort of soldiers and arrested him [the porter], and bade him go with him, or else he should be hewed in pieces. "He axed him why; " the captain said, "Have you not been to the preaching, and are you not a Huguenot?" The porter said that he was an Englishman, and that they knew his religion well enough. So he carried him away. There was almost 500 people gazing at him, who began to cry, " Kill him, it is he who had almost burnt all our houses." Percival, his steward, went after him, and spoke to the captain of this ward, who had promised to keep the writer safe here, and showed him how one of the writer's men was carried away. Forthwith the captain went and brought his man back, but still the people stood gazing, and a great sort of arquebusiers at the door. When the Ambassador of Ferrara was taking his leave, seeing this rule at the door, he rebuked them who stood there, until he made the captain ashamed. Then he willed the writer to get out with two of his gentlemen, and go to his [the Cardinal of Ferrara's] house, and there he should be safe. Smith said that he had but one death to die, and he would not depart from his lodgings, but see his fortune that night. But he prayed him to send off one of his gentlemen to the Cardinal to show how he was ordered. "No," said he "I will go myself;" it was then almost night. At supper a gentleman or two of the Cardinal's house came and showed him how sorry the Cardinal was at his being misused, and prayed him to come with them, and that to-morrow he should have a good lodging for himself and train. The writer said that he would not remove that night, but take his fortune; and because he perceived those of the town thought he was well lodged for his money, and Marshal Montmorency also, he sent the names of two or three houses where Ambassadors were wont to be lodged to the Mareshal; among them was one which the Cardinal had provided for him. "But," said Smith " I am sure he will needs that I be lodged in a stinking house, or else in an inn." His man came in before them with the bill, and told the Mareshal's answer, which was as the writer had stated; so they went their ways.
7. The Cardinal sent two gentlemen the next morning to know whether he had been troubled that night; and that they should go to him. He thanked them, and showed that he had sent his man, who could not speak with the Mareshal. At length after much talk, the Mareshal concluded with them that he did all for the writer's surety.
8. Cecil may see how he is treated here for all the Queen's letters. And yet they give him the fairest words in the world. Has learned since that all the owners of good houses had been charged not to receive the Ambassador of England.
9. When he was come to the Cardinal, and had thanked him for his courtesy, the Cardinal commended the love which has always been between Ferrara and England, and how that the Duke, his nephew, is an affectionate servant of the Crown and the Queen. He also asked "what were the matters that were concluded in the Parliament." Smith said, none as yet, but he thought that a great aid would be given to maintain the wars, and to recover her right. The Cardinal said that the English are in hand with the succession to be established, and the marriage of the Queen to Lord Robert (whom he called Le Grand Esquire), who would be made either a duke or a count, and would marry the Queen. Smith said that the realm desired that either the Queen would marry, or appoint a successor, or rather both, and he thought it likely that such a motion would be made; but that he had not heard of Lord Robert having either a dukedom or earldom, nor that he should marry the Queen; and if either should be, the Queen needs no Parliament, for one is her own free gift, and the other her own election.
10. After this they spoke of France. He confirmed what the writer had written about Villebon and Vielleville, and that Villebon was dead, and that the controversy arose from Vielleville misliking the rigorous doings of the other. He said also that the Huguenots, once expelled from Bayeux, had got in there again and killed all the Catholics therein. The writer told him it was done to revenge their doings at Paris and Rouen, and that they kept nothing of their promises at Bourges, Blois, Rouen, Troyes, Sens, nor elsewhere. The Cardinal said he would render himself a prisoner into the Tower of London if the King's promises were not kept. Smith answered that there were those who would have no peace, viz., they of Paris, and who would agree to no pardon nor agreement with the other party, and the Provost of the merchants says openly, that he will first have his throat cut ere there shall be any peace with them.
11. His desire to know the estate of the English arises from two things, the natural curiosity of all Italians, (assures Cecil he has great advertisements out of England,) and that if he durst, he would make suit to the Queen for a marriage with the Duke of Ferrara, his nephew; and this makes him inquisitive about her marrying Lord Robert. That if the English hold out awhile longer, some means will be made by the Cardinal to him to content the Queen, and to offer some conditions of peace. Does not intend to begin, or to make any offer.
12. Wrote the above before Mr. Somers came. Understood the Queen's intent to be the same as what he had written to her by Middlemore.
13. Was compelled to stay here all Candlemas Day, and to see another woman killed that night, and thrown into the river before his door. That night had word that the Admiral had passed by Chartres and Dreux, with his ruistres, and of their being gone into Normandy; they will, if they can, go to Newhaven or Dieppe.
14. Despatches this bearer, that one might be sent out of hand to Newhaven, with such instructions as the Queen shall think good. Will get the letters conveyed to the Admiral. He left his footmen in Orleans with D'Andelot. They say it is well furnished for the siege.
15. The Cardinal told him that Condé was in the castle at Amboise, but others say that he is at Loches.
16. All the Ambassadors are to go to Blois. They only tarry here till the way be sure from ruistres. He means the Cardinal of Ferrara; the Ambassadors of Spain, Portugal, Venice, Mantua, Ferrara; and the Nuncio. The Duke of Guise minds to besiege Orleans, and is making close boats to convey the artillery thither. M. D'Allegré is made Governor of Rouen. He is as vehement a Papist as any in France.
17. Sends herewith the Queen of Scot's cipher, and the packet of books which Middlemore left behind him, which the writer has increased, and put therein three charts of the battle of Mézières and the taking of the Prince new set out; one to the Queen, another for Cecil, and the third for the Earl of Bedford.
18. The news about the ruitres having passed the Seine is not now so certainly affirmed, yet Middlemore should be sent thither out of hand well instructed. Men also begin to doubt whether the Queen Mother will tarry so long at Blois as was said, or come straight to St. Germain. However it be, he and Mr. Somers take their journey this morning.—Paris, 4 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig., a few passages in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.: 4 Feb. 1562. Pp. 13.
Feb. 4.
Forbes, ii. 323.
240. Warwick and Others to the Privy Council.
1. Sends a note of articles intended to have been passed here by proclamation, which being participated to M. Beauvoir, he (misliking part of the contents) desired time to declare his opinion thereupon, which he has returned in writing, as may appear by the minute enclosed, with the replication of the writers thereto. They crave a reply with expedition, for the matters are of importance to the surety of this place. In the meantime they will get rid of as many French soldiers as they can, which they think most to be suspected. Ask whether the Lord Lieutenant may request to see Beauvoir's commission of his authority here; which it is thought he cannot show, nor claim any other government here than of the Queen's permission.
2. The process of treason lately practised here (wherein Captains Blundell, Le Mesnel, and Maccomble, with others, are touched,) has been so far proceeded juridicially by Beauvoir, the ordinary judges, and the advocates, their assistants, always in the presence of some of them of the Council, at their examinations. Definitive sentence on them was given on Friday last, when, out of ten of the advocates, five gave their opinions to have Le Mesnel racked and executed, two referred his sentence of death to the law of arms, and two would have him condemned perpetually to the galleys. Six of them would that Maccomble should have the torture only, unless thereupon they found out other matters against him. Four others and the judge were of a contrary opinion, reputing Maccomble worthy to be beheaded. All of them agreed that Blundell's cause should remain as it was, until the process against the others were thoroughly prosecuted. Blundell presented (by his wife) a supplication herewith enclosed against Beauvoir; upon the circumstance whereof more is likely to come out.
3. Of the six whose opinions were that Maccomble had not merited death, three of them on that point gave contrary opinions to that which they seemed to determine upon at two former sittings; and the other three had only come to that matter the said morning, (suspected to have come to make a majority that way,) one of whom is cousin germain to Maccomble. So, by law, there were but five opinions of that part; like as there were five with the judge of the other. It well appears by these French practices that there is little hope to be had of the punishment of such conspirators.
4. The garrison have received nothing for their wants, and the writers cannot see how they can get a store of their Lordships' pretended furniture for two months, unless order is taken for transporting such quantities of victuals here at one passage as may furnish that proportion, with more coming directly after; for upon contrary winds they will be no better served than from hand to mouth, with such scarcity as they have now, to the peril of this place. They are thankful for the last passage, without which they could not have preserved the garrison to this day. For want of money the soldiers are without apparel; and when sick cannot get fresh meat. About six or seven of them have deserted to the Rhinegrave; whether it proceeds from their miseries for want of money, evil bedding, or their traitorous nature they know not; they have now set such ward on them that if any more attempt to go they will have them arrested in their passage.
5. The works cannot be proceeded with with any expedition for want of pioneers. For the proceedings here upon matters according to the martial law there is great want of a civilian. Proclamations have lately been made at Caen for the restraint of victuals to be brought to this town; and also for that purpose garrisons have been laid upon the Straits for stopping the passage thereof to them, either by land or water. By Francis Clerk's report it appears that four ships are being rigged at Fécamp for sea; one of the burthen of two hundred, another of six score, the third of four score, and the fourth not much less; which are prepared for the annoyance of victuallers and passengers coming hither from England. Clerk would have gone to sea upon this occasion, but they have stopped him until their Lordships' pleasure is known therein.
6. About eight days passed at Rouen, a quarrel arose betwixt M. Vielleville and M. Viellebon upon the slaughter of one of the King's advocates; upon which Vielleville cut off Villebon's hand. Great exactions are taken at Rye of such as repair here with victuals, inasmuch as the Mayor takes five shillings from every boat.— Newhaven, 4 Feb. 1562. Signed: Warwick, Poulet, Ponyngs, Denys, Bromefeld, Fysscher.
7. P. S.—Although in the discourse of the articles they make mention of a plague, it has not entered amongst them, "nor very certain of any in the town, but some suspicion thereof by the death of two or three which lay not long sick."
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 6.
[Feb. 4.]
Forbes, ii. 332.
241. Proclamation of Warwick and De Beauvoir at Havre.
1. All Papists, and the wives and children of those who have already left the town, and are at Montivilliers, Harfleur, or any neighbouring place, to leave Havre by Tuesday next, on pain of death and confiscation of goods.
2. All men and women who have come to Havre during the last four months from Rouen, Montivilliers, Harfleur, Honfleur, or any other place round about, to quit the town by next Wednesday, on pain of confiscation of their goods and imprisonment.
3. Those who are of good reputation and "faithful" can retire into England, where they will be treated as if they were the natural subjects of the Queen.
4. All soldiers to quit the town for Dieppe by Monday next.
5. All the above confiscations to belong to those who shall reveal the names of the delinquents; no one, however, is to seize any goods until the offence has been proved, and the Earl and M. De Beauvoir have given him permission.
6. If any person arrest any spy, or bring to light any treason against the town and garrison, he shall have the goods of the offender and a reward besides, so that he shall have at least twenty crowns.
7. All shipowners shall make a return of the burden, condition, etc., of their vessels, on pain of confiscation.
8. No inhabitant of the town, nor any soldier, whether English or French, shall quit their lodgings after 10 o'clock, under pain of imprisonment.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil: Feb. 1562. Proclamation of the Earl of Warwick at Newhaven. Fr. Pp. 3.
[Feb. 4.]242. De Beauvoir's Judgment upon Warwick's Proclamation.
1. Before giving his opinion on the articles which the Earl has sent to him, he begs him to consider the position that he holds, being placed in command of this place by Condé and the Admiral; and also the intentions of the Queen, as declared by her Letters Patent, (a copy of which he sends,) by which he is required to preserve to all the subjects of the King of France who should withdraw into this town and other places in Normandy which require her aid, their goods, franchises, and privileges.
2. Thinks that the first Article should be published with this modification: That the wives and children, being Papists, of those who have joined, with the enemy, should leave the town within such time as the Earl pleases, on pain of death and confiscation of goods; but that those who publicly profess the true religion shall not be compelled to go, although their husbands and fathers may have joined the enemy.
3. By the second Article, the faithful, who have withdrawn into the town, would receive worse treatment at the hands of their protectors than from their mortal enemies, who have not yet tried to drive them from their dwellings, but have been content with depriving them of their arms.
4. The next Article is not satisfactory, as most of the faithful who have taken refuge in Havre during the last four months would be compelled to beg from door to door in England, whilst they have some means of living here, being near their goods. Besides which, the report of the enemy that the English intend to expel all the French from the town would be thus confirmed.
5. The fourth Article is reasonable, provided that it be understood to refer to soldiers living on pay received from their captains, and who are enrolled.
6. As the fifth Article concerns the confiscation of the goods of the King's subjects, whom the Queen has promised to preserve in their privileges. It seems reasonable that the adjudication should be made by the ordinary judges, at which might assist such English as can speak French.
7. The sixth and seventh Articles seem reasonable, only if any Frenchman be arrested, he begs that he may be informed of it before he is charged.
8. Begs that the eighth Article may be cancelled, as it is entirely contrary to the instructions which he has received from the Prince and the Admiral, which enjoin him to preserve all the vessels in Havre for their owners. Besides, if this article is published, many Papists who do not bear arms against them, and many of the faithful who are absent, will be deprived of their ships. If the Council deems it necessary to know the number of the vessels, their munitions and condition, it will be easy to appoint two commissioners, one English and the other French, to draw up a report.
9. The last Article is reasonable.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil: Feb. 1562; M. De Beauvoir's judgment upon the Earl of Warwick's proclamation. Fr. Pp. 4.
[Feb. 4.]243. Provision for Newhaven.
Provision for four months amounts to 15,727l. 6s. 8d, of which there have been imprested to Abington 14,973l. 6s. 8d.; balance 754l. At present 4,050l. remain to be provided for, including 7,000 men for four months, besides the money promised to be paid before Lent. There is no provision of beans, etc., for horses. It is stated in the margin that 100l. a day ought to suffice.
Endd. by Cecil: Mr. Abyngton's book. Pp. 3.
Feb. 4.244. Admiral Coligny to the Queen of England.
The capture of his messengers has prevented her hearing more frequently from him. Extols her zeal for the truth, and desires that she will give credence to MM. Briquemault and De la Haye, and also to what the bearer shall tell her.— The camp at Grossoeuvre, near Evreux. Signed.
Orig., in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.: 4 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 4.245. The Charges of Montgomery.
Montgomery has received of the Queen, by Warwick, 3,600 crowns for three months from [blank] Nov., out of which he has borne the charges of two bands of footmen at Newhaven during November; the entertainment of five bands of footmen in December and January, and 200 horsemen for the same time, and for the like space the charges of the ordnance. Now he has borne the entertainment of twenty-five captains, who came here for refuge; which charges, with 200 crowns spent for divers voyages, amount to more than 8,500 crowns, exclusive of the entertainment for himself and household. Consideration should be also had for the entertainment of a company of Scottish horsemen, who came here within these six days, which may amount to 500 crowns; as also for three bands which came hither from Newhaven six days since, which may amount to 2,400 crowns; and further for twenty-five or thirty gentlemen (most of whom are captains) who came hither for refuge, which may amount to 500 crowns.—Dieppe, [blank] Feb. 1562.
Orig. Fr. Pp. 4.
[Feb. 4.]246. Translation of the above into English.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil: 4 Feb. 1562. Pp. 4.
[Feb. 4.]247. Requests for Dieppe.
That the Queen will send to Montgomery 3,000 men to help to garrison the place; or else 10,000 or 12,000 crowns to raise and pay 1,500 French for the month of January, and this present month of February. To seize the persons and goods of those merchants of Dieppe who have withdrawn into England, and to sell their goods and send the men back to England. To give commission to Montgomery to draw from England whatever he may need for the maintenance of Dieppe.
Fr. P. 1.
Feb. 4.248. Challoner to Bedford.
The bearer, Edward Preskott, a merchant of Plymouth, has sustained a sore loss by certain pirates, for whom he begs the Earl to make suit to the Queen for some princely relief.— Madrid, 4 Feb. 1562.
Corrected draft. Endd.: 4 Feb. 1562. Pp. 3.
Feb. 4.249. Clough to Challoner.
Information about Challoner's money matters. It is uncertain which party in France has the best. The English still keep Newhaven; and Montgomery is Captain of Dieppe. There are now seven ships of war who take all Spaniards, Portugales, and Bretons; but the Queen has given commandment that no man on the coasts of England shall have to do with them. Throckmorton has arrived safe in England. Mr. Harry Knollys is at his master's house, who has been in embassade into Germany; Cecil's son and Windebank have been with him, who depart in four days for London. Gives an erroneous account of the attempted assassination of Captain Mazines, making the Vidame of Chartres the intended victim. Antwerp, 4 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received, 8 March, by the ordinary of Flanders. Pp. 7.
Feb. 5.250. Montgomery to the Queen.
Asks credence for Captain Orsay [Horsey], who will inform her of their condition.—Dieppe, 5 Feb. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd.: 5 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp.2.
Feb. 5.251. Montgomery to Cecil.
The bearer, Mr. Horsey, (a trusty and valiant captain,) will inform him of the state of affairs here.—Dieppe, 5 Feb. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd.: 5 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 5252. Warwick to Lord Robert Dudley.
1. This gentlemen of the Admiral's arrived here this morning with letters from him for the Queen, and delivered the billet enclosed, declaring that the Admiral was coming from Orleans towards Caen and Honfleur with 4,000 reiters, and intends to be at Honfleur about the 10th or 12th inst.; and for speed they had left their baggage at Orleans. He also required the writer to send some power to take Honfleur against the Admiral came. Told him that he had no commission to make the enterprise. He said further that the reiters are unpaid, and that they were about to be brought into these parts upon the Admiral's promise of their receiving their pay on coming hither; which money, with other sums, amounts to 140,000 crowns, which the Admiral reckons upon receiving from the Queen at his repair to Honfleur, having, he alleged, been plainly advertised from hence of that sum being ready for him here.
2. M. Beauvoir this morning by Captain Sta. Maria confirmed the news of Guise being defeated by the Admiral, and that all his horsemen and footmen were overthrown. But it appears by this gentleman that there has been no conflict between them, and that Guise continues his camp at Mislik, within two leagues of Mézières, to the number of 10,000 or 11,000 footmen, and 1,500 horsemen; he also affirms that Cardinal Châtillon and M. [blank] are marching towards Orleans with 10,000 footmen to join the Admiral. Baron Adrets, he said, being minded to revolt to Guise, was kept prisoner by his captains, and the said Cardinal, with whom they are joined.
3. This gentleman upon being told that the Admiral, by coming hither with only his horsemen, was in danger of being pursued by Guise, answered that the Admiral had such confidence of his horsemen that he dare encounter Guise, and that he hoped to be joined by 10,000 Englishmen by the Queen's appointment when he comes into these parts. So it appears that great extremity (especially the want of money,) leads him hitherward, at least of footmen; and failing his expectations, he will not be able to keep the field long, as there is none besides him to prosecute the cause. It stands upon now or never, whether the Queen will have any friend at all, who will dare show his face in this quarrel.— Newhaven, 5 Feb. 1562.
4. P. S.—Since writing the above, Beauvoir has often been very earnest with him to take Honfleur, and so succour the Admiral's band at his arrival, and for this enterprise he requires to have four ensigns of Englishmen. Told him that he could not send the Queen's soldiers for that exploit with out her commission; whereof he asks her pleasure. Perceives by Beauvoir that if the whole sum of money does not come at the first instant, yet if there is enough to pay the reiters for two months, it will be well taken until the rest comes. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd.: 5 Feb. 1562; by Antwiselle. Pp. 6.
Feb. 5.253. Beauvoir to Cecil.
Begs that the Queen will send succour to the Admiral, who is coming into Normandy.—Havre de Grace, 5 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd.: 5 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp. 4.
Feb. 5.254. Hugh Tipton to Challoner.
Has received a letter from the Canaries for Challoner, and this day one from Edward Kingsmil, together with a process that he has about his condemnation for keeping his books. The English are ill handled in this country concerning the taking away of their lading of their ships, wherein he desires Challoner's help. The Countess of Feria wrote that he was coming this summer to Safra. If he will not come to Seville, Tipton and others would go thither to see him. Hear that the Queen has Newhaven and Dieppe. Gresham writes that she has 20,000 men ready to go over this spring into France. There are two or three English here condemned by the In- quisition to wear certain coats, and condemned to prison. As the French Ambassador has hope to deliver all French- men that were in prison, desires that he will do the same for them.—Seville, 5 Feb. 1563. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Pp. 3.

Footnotes

1 On the same leaf of paper as the following letter.
2 On the same leaf of paper as the preceding letter.
3 On the same leaf as the letter of 14 Jan.
4 This clause is cancelled.
5 Crocheteur, a porter or common burthen bearer.—Cotgrave.