Elizabeth
February 1563, 16-20

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Institute of Historical Research

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Joseph Stevenson (editor)

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1869

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136-150

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'Elizabeth: February 1563, 16-20', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 6: 1563 (1869), pp. 136-150. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=72052 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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February 1563, 16-20

Feb. 16.
Forbes, ii. 333.
319. Charles IX. to the Queen.
Has already informed this bearer Somers that no proclamation was made at Paris last December, respecting a declaration of war with England. Seeing by her letters of the 26th of January that she is still of the same opinion, he assures her on the word of a Prince that he never had any such intention.—Blois, 16 Feb. 1562. Signed. Charles,— De I'Aubespine.
Orig. Add. Endd.: 16 Feb. 1562. Fr. Broadside.
Feb. 16.320. Catherine De Medicis to the Queen.
Has received her letter and message by Somers, who carries back the King's reply. Assures her on the word of a Princess that they have spoken nothing but the truth.— Blois, 16 Feb. 1562. Signed: Caterine,—De L'Aubespine.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd.: 16 Feb. 1562. Fr. Broadside.
Feb. 16.321. Warwick to Cecil.
1. The Admiral has sent MM. De Rohan and Grammont with a message of credit. Fears that he cannot long stand alone against the enemy.
2. Grammont says the Admiral would not have come into these parts if the Queen had not written to him that he would find both men and money here. He would not be persuaded for a great while but that the money was here, and that the writer had commission to aid him with men out of this town.
3. Asks to be allowed to go into the field with the reinforcements.—Newhaven, 16 Feb. 1562. Signed.
4. P. S.—Commendations to Cecil's wife.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil: 16 Feb. 1562. Pp. 4.
Feb. 17.322. Smith to the Queen.
1. Whilst he was at Chartres the Prince of Melphi visited him. He was formerly Bishop of Troyes, but being moved by zeal for religion became a minister, (as they of the reformed Church calls it,) and preached according to the Gospel, whereupon the prebendaries of the Church made process against him in 1561; so that he was fain upon certain agreements to give up his bishopric. He told the writer that they purchased a living for him in France worth 5,000 francs, upon which he and his wife are living. He had been long at Orleans, and after the battle he still used the office of a preacher. And seeing the reiters there in want of three months' pay, and otherwise great scarcity of money to furnish them, and the obstinacy of the Guisians, he came to the Court at Chartres, and there he practised with the Queen to have some good accord. He had, he told the writer, accepted their offer to retire to his own house, and live quietly there with his family, and not to be molested. He said that if the Prince should be overcome, neither he nor any other will enjoy the liberty of conscience which they have now given them. And therefore, hearing that the Queen does not only set forward the Word of God in her own realm, but is also a refuge for those afflicted for the true religion, he prayed the writer to ask that he might have refuge at her Court, and be received into her service. He speaks French with eloquence; but the Italian is his natural tongue, which he says, he understands she has much delight in. The writer advised him to sell the living he had in France, and then live in Germany or England.
2. Learned from him that there could not be more than 3,000 or 4,000 footmen in Orleans. They must be those who laid dispersed in Etampes, Pluviers, etc. He feared that if it were besieged, the townsmen would soon be weary, and do more hurt than good. But he perceives that no small number of traitors in Orleans are executed. Some were captains, some citizens; and a great number who were too fearful or suspect, were sent away when the enemy came to Portereau. Some of them are now come here, and Chartres is almost full of them.
3. Has had no opportunity to do more touching her instructions, as the Admiral has passed into Normandy; but sent his servant, Hans, an Almain, with her letters to him, willing him to coast from thence to meet if possible some of the Almain troops, so that they might be conveyed to the Admiral. Has not heard of his man nor horse since.
4. The Emperor's Ambassador went not away pleased; yesterday he departed to Paris with De Sevres' secretary. They will not agree among themselves, which comes from Guise thinking his authority will not continue longer than the war; and the reason is that the Papists see no accords can be made but what will ruin their religion. And the Protestants daily see so much untruth in their promises, and so much unshamefastness in breaking those they have made, and so much cruelty in the execution of their wills where they are masters, that they can find no means of assurance in any accord with them.—Blois, 17 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig., a few passages in cipher, deciphered. Pp. 4.
Feb. 17.323. Smith to the Privy Council.
1. On his arrival here on the 10th inst., the tower at the foot of the bridge of Orleans, (which endangered the Guisians who had got Porterau,). was won by scaling. There were but seventeen persons in it. Portereau is a suburb of Orleans beyond the water, which this last summer was fortified with a small trench. This the Duke of Guise took on the 4th inst. Some who were there say that eighteen or twenty of the Huguenots were slain, and almost none were taken but the Almains' wives, and lackeys who fled from the battle. They spread abroad that 600 men were slain, and 200 waggons taken, and all the wives and stuff of those Almains who are in the town, whom they account to be 4,000.
2. It is said that the taking of this tower is to no purpose, for already no man can tarry in it nor in Portereau, being subject to ordnance shot of the town. They also say that they have broken two arches of the bridge, so that Guise is but little nearer. His party say he sent word to the Queen to let him have enough artillery, and he will render Orleans to her shortly. The Bishop of Limoges and M. D'Oysel were sent to Orleans to talk of peace with them, for whom MM. D'Esterney and Bocall should have entered Beaugency as pledges. As soon as these came forth of Orleans they went straight to the reiters; whereupon the other, being no further than Beaugency, tarried there. So this talk of peace has ceased as yet.
3. The beheading of Baron Des Adrets is not true. He was watched, as it was perceived that he practised with the Duke De Nemours; and his [the Baron's] lieutenant entered into the practice with him, that he might the better entrap him, whom he had agreed to let into Romans in Dauphine, for the purpose of delivering it to the Duke De Nemours. He let the Baron in and took him prisoner, and he is still kept there.
4. They have sent for the Duke De Nemours to come this way; and they intend to have a mass of men of war near Sens about March; and about the 20th of May they will have 50,000 footmen and 30,000 horsemen. Others account that they will have 30,000 footmen and 12,000 horsemen. They assure themselves of having the help herein of all the Papist Princes near; but (for ought the writer can learn) rather in goodwill and some money, than in any other aid. The Cardinal of Lorraine is marvellous busy about the Emperor, the Swiss Catholics, and the German Papist Princes.
Feb. 17.
Smith to the Privy Council.
5. On Friday, the 12th inst., Mr. Somers and the writer had an audience, when the former delivered his letters; and they were promised another on the morrow. Understanding that a person from the Emperor was lodged near him, he sent his man to show him that he would do his duty to him as the Emperor's Ambassador. He took it very kindly, and said that as he was no Ambassador but a messenger, he would come to him. Showed him how the Queen had moved them to accord, but that hitherto they would not hearken to it. The Emperor's authority might, if he sent for that purpose, peradventure do somewhat.
6. The messenger answered that the Emperor intended shortly to make a general meeting or Council, whereto all Princes might freely come. And that the Pope should not be master there, nor have other voice than any other Prelates had. In reply the writer told him of the subtility of the Pope, and how he could not abide any reformation; and that a man may see what a Council can do where the Pope is part by the last at Trent.
7. He said that those of that Council amused themselves about trifles; yet even there the Cardinal of Lorraine, and divers Bishops of Spain, France, and Germany, began to talk openly for the reformation of the Pope; and that the Italian Prelates made pasquils of it, and said that the Spanish scab was turned into a French pock, and he had heard (he said) that they had killed one Bishop who spoke most freely in that Council. Somer said in reply, that small credit was to be given to the Cardinal of Lorraine, or to any Papist Prelate. He said the Cardinal had been very busy with the Emperor and with divers of the Almain Princes, and that he had wound himself like an eel in every way to get credit. Smith was desirous of communing with him, because one had told him that his coming was to move the French King and the others still to persist in subduing their rebels.
8. The cause of his coming is to demand the restitution of Metz, Toul, and Verdun.
9. He is fed with fair words, but is not suffered to deliver his letters to them of Paris, and daily looks for his despatch. Those of the religion suspect that, although this is pretended, there is something else secretly handled, viz. a marriage between the King here and the daughter of the King of the Romans. They plainly affirm this to be one of the Cardinal of Lorraine's practices.
10. About the time that Guise removed to take Portereau, a treason was discovered in Orleans, and some say that twelve or thirteen were executed for having conspired to betray it; others say eighty, and others but two of the eschevins. They bruit that the Cardinal of Lorraine has prepared 10,000 or 12,000 Swiss to come into France. It is certain that a gentleman or two has been from hence into Almain to amass both horsemen and footmen from thence. All Guise's men at arms and light horsemen live at discretion, as they call it; that is, they lie in villages, and make the poor men of the country find them and their horses, without paying them a penny. They did so at St. Denis when the writer was there; and they have done so all this year; and now the courtiers follow them. The same is done with the Queen's horses and mules, which is a marvellous destruction of the country, for their own men fill and spoil them more than the Huguenots, and so they did not stick to tell him and Somer. The cities and walled towns that are able to keep them out are the only places exempt from this mischief. They are evilly paid, for when he was at Paris before the battle three quarters were then due to them, whereof they received one and so acquitted the rest, and they were glad of it.
11. On the 13th inst. the Bishop of Limoges and M. D'Oysel (who was in Scotland, and is here called Montparigi), went by Beaugency to Orleans to emparle with them there. And D'Esterney and Bocall, of whom he wrote before, have been with the Admiral and the Prince, and are now at the Court as hostages. And the wife of the Marshal De Montmorency has a safe-conduct to go to Orleans and speak with her father-in-law the Constable.
12. The Prince refers D'Oysel to them of Orleans, they to the Admiral, who says that he cannot meddle without the consent of the Queen. The Prince is at a castle called Vierzon, four leagues from hence, which belongs to De Rochefoucault, where Lord Grey of Wilton was kept. He is kept by a great guard, and has persons to watch him in his chamber every night. Petrocely, his preacher, is with him and preaches daily before him. D'Anville has the chief charge of him, then D'Oysel, and another, one of whom is always with him to keep him company.
13. They say here that D'Andelot was hurt at the taking of the tower at Orleans; M. De Sevres says that he was wounded in the face, others in the arm, but all agree that he was hurt with a stone splinter.
14. This night (the 13th inst.) about eighty or a hundred Spaniards, who were hurt at the taking of Portereau, came here to be cured. It appears they had a hot skirmish. They say that the Guisians lost about 300 at the taking of Portereau, but the others lost more; that the town so beats them that they can have no rest in Portereau; that the tower held them three days ere they could take it, and that three of the arches of the bridge are broken.
15. It seems very strange what M. Sevre told him about those of Orleans shooting only brass and bell metal bullets and pellets, their lead being consumed. This provision cannot last long. Sevre says that the town cannot hold out a month longer; and by that there will be (he says) a great army there and a marvellous ado. Sevres is set to entertain the Turk's Ambassador, the Emperor's Ambassador and the writer. But the Turk lies still at Paris, and so do all the rest of the Ambassadors. He came to him and the Emperor's Ambassador to show them of the Queen's departure to Amboise to see her children, but she will come again to night.
16. Learned this day, the 15th inst., of the Spaniards, that they of Orleans shoot brass which is hollow, and so devised within that when it falls it opens and breaks into many pieces with a great fire, and hurts and kills all who are about it; which is a new device and very terrible, for it pierces the house first, and breaks at the last rebound. Every man in Portereau is fain to run away, they cannot tell whither, when they see where the shot falls. It was not a small treason which was discovered at Orleans, for these Spaniards affirm that very many were hanged over the walls towards Portereau when the latter was taken. Had it not been for this treason, Guise would not have attempted Orleans. He has sent for more artillery from Paris, and 2,000 men with it, which is coming to Corbeil by water, from thence to Montargis, and so after by land to the river, which is not past six or seven leagues; and then he will besiege the other side. The town is well victualled, and there are 4,000 or 5,000 soldiers in it. It is so strong that it cannot be won except by famine or treason. Guise has not any great artillery at Portereau, nor has he the island in the midst of the river, nor the bridge which they of Orleans fortified. They have begun to pull down the tower at the foot of the bridge to make a platform from which to beat the town, and they of Orleans rampire against the water and Portereau. M. De Sipierre was lately on the other side of Orleans and was nearly taken by the horsemen, who made an issue upon him. Guise has made some boats, with a strong defence for themselves and the gunners, to carry some one, others two, double cannon. He has sent to Mantes for six cannons to come by water; 5,000 or 6,000 sacks half a yard long are being made here, which are to be filled with sand and gravel and then thrown into the river above to stop the water between the banks at the side of Portereau and the little isle in the midst of the bridge so as to win that isle, from whence he may more easily beat Orleans with the cannon. Others say that he minds, if that does not succeed, to cut the River Loire above Orleans, either above Jargeau or Olivet, and to let it into a great mead, and so make it shallow, for which purpose he has 8,000 pioneers. He minds no small thing, and is marvellous desirous to have the town, which being done he thinks all at a point.
17. One of the King's trumpeters, who was with Guise, reported here that Admiral Châtillon has taken Touques, in Normandy, and that he is likely to have as many Normans as Englishmen; also that he has, or is likely to have Honfleur. The Duke looks to rase Châtillon, which has not rendered to his summons, and to put a garrison into Montargis.
18. There was never known such a scarcity of money here as now. There is no less want of powder; for they were not able to furnish the Guise's camp with eighteen milliers. Besides their great expense at the battery of Rouen and Blois, they have had the misfortune of burning their workmen and powder at Chartres, Châteaudun, and Paris. Their last and greatest loss occurred at the latter on the 28th ult. They have therefore now sent into Flanders for one hundred milliers of powder, which they hope to obtain by the help of M. De Chantonet, the Spanish Ambassador there.
19. Yesterday (Sunday the 14th inst.), the Rhinegrave's secretary arrived at the Court with the Rhinegrave's letters out of Harfleur of the occurrences there. He wrote with his own hand that the Queen should in any wise make peace. The Duke De Bouillon, having had the government of Normandy taken from him, has gone away displeased, either to Sedan or Bouillon, where he will work no good to the Guisians. One of the Queen of Navarre's gentlemen has gone into Germany with the Landgrave of Hesse, who makes sure of having both horsemen and footmen from thence.
20. It is thought that the King and Queen will have peace, about which they go now without dissimulation; but that Guise will in no wise have any. There is a Council at Paris kept by the Cardinal of Guise, who has lately gone thither, also the Pope's Nuncio, the Legate, and the King of Spain's Ambassador; and there they practise, that if the King makes peace, yet the Parisians, and as many as will hold with the Popish faith, will not agree to it unless the Pope allow it. And then they will declare the Duke of Guise to be the protector of the Roman and Catholic Church. So by that means he will remain Lieutenant, and continue in arms, and be aided with money by the Pope and such as profess the Popish religion. They have not done this so secretly but it is known at the Court here, and to them of the religion.
21. Two proclamations were made here this night: One, that all men of arms should be at Sens on the 10th of next March; the other that none should leave the realm without licence.
22. Received intelligence on the 16th inst. of a tall man with a red beard, an Englishman, (or at least he speaks English,) having arrived here from England a day or two after he came here. He confers secretly with M. De Sevre, and will not be seen by the writer. Who is he?
23. Has learned by one who came from Rouen this day, the 16th inst., that Villebon is not dead, but sick of his wounds; and that Viellville is at Mantes, and also the Duke D'Aumale, who is not yet recovered of his hurt at the battle, but is sick with a continual fever. Marshal Brisac is at Rouen as Governor. On Wednesday last, the 10th inst., a proclamation was made at Rouen that all Huguenots should avoid with their families within forty-eight hours upon pain of death. Those they find there they kill and drown, as they do at Paris. The fortifications of Rouen remain the same as when it was taken; nothing has been done to strengthen it.
24. On the 17th inst. a man of his came hither from Portereau. The horsemen thereof lie abroad in villages. Nothing has yet been attempted for the cutting of the river. The pioneers are working at a little fort at Portereau. The rest of his statements agree with the former reports. The Duke of Guise lies at St. Memyng, a village within a mile of Portereau, and has sent for his wife to come there. MM. De Sansac and Sipierre are in the camp. There is daily shooting into the town, and from the town to the tower at the foot of the bridge, and the houses in Portereau. When the ordnance from Paris comes he will batter the town from the other side of the river. Much preparation for sacks is also made there, an ell of canvas is used for each. There are many guesses about what they are to serve; but all agree they are to be filled with sand or earth. Has drawn a plat of the town, river, and battery, according to the telling of his man, which is herewith sent, and which Mr. Somer can declare more amply. Has also sent the present state of the men of war appointed for Normandy.
25. It is thought by them at the camp, that the Bishop of Limoges, M. D'Oysel, and Mme. Montmorency will do nothing for an accord, Guise not being agreeable to it. There are 4,000 men of war in Orleans; neither party is well stored with great ordnance.
26. This night about 4 o'clock, D'Esterney and Bocall, having taken leave of the Queen at the Court, are gone again to Orleans.—Blois, 17 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 13.
Feb. 17.324. The Prince of CondÉ to the Queen.
Begs her to consider his condition, to aid him in obtaining deliverance, and humbly desires her to increase her efforts.— From prison, 17 Feb. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd.: 17 Feb. 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Feb. 18.325. Smith to the Queen.
1. As he has moved her for the Prince of Melfi, so now he moves her for an Almaine gentleman, who desires to serve her. Mme. De Paloiseau is earnest to have her husband returned to France. She gave him certain names; among others M. De Roville.—Blois, 18 Feb. 1562.
2. M. De Sevre has come, sent (he said) by Cardinal Bourbon to ask him to solicit her in favour of M. De Nantouillet. Learned of Sevre that they will have at Sens about the 28th of March 4,000 men of arms, and 6,000 Swiss in April; that M. De Nemours is daily looked for out of Dauphiné; that young Monluc brings many Gascon footmen hitherward; and that Guise will have Orleans by force; that D'Aubespine's brother, the [blank] of Metz, should have been sent hither; that his other brother, the Bishop of Limoges, and D'Oysel have not yet returned from Orleans; that Guise attends for cannon, to make a battery at Orleans; and that there are not more than 1,800 soldiers in Orleans, which cannot be defended long by so few.
3. Sevre also says that the King sells yearly 150,000 francs of the revenues and lands of the Church of France, after the rate of thirty years purchase; and that the Chamber of Paris receives all that money, and binds itself to warrant the rent and sale to the buyers. He also said that the Charter House monks and others of such religion have accorded that the King should sell yearly for this war 25,000 crowns-worth of their lands, after the rate of twelve years purchase, with the condition that they or their successors may at any time buy the same again at the same price.
4. Has learned (but not of him) that MM. De Rohan and De Fontenoy are coming from Bretagne with 6,000 men to Guise.—Blois, 18 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd.: 18 Feb. 1562. Pp. 4.
Feb. 18.326. Smith to Cecil.
1. Wrote at the first that the Queen Mother was displeased with the proclamation, and denied that it was made with her consent, as appears by his letters from St. Denis last December; and neither she nor the King will go further than that now. Either the Parisians, or the Guisians, or the Constable caused it to be made, unknown to the Queen. But as soon as they have leisure they will turn all their force to expel the English from Newhaven. They do not bend either to let her have Calais again, or to remain in Newhaven until the time of restitution is run out. But if they can weary, overcome, or agree with their own nation, they will have Newhaven with large interest; and Guise will be revenged for the disappointment done to him and his niece in Scotland, and the books which were set out against him in England, which things lie deep in his lofty heart.—Blois, 18 Feb. 1562. Signed.
2. P. S.—Asks about his own private matters.
Orig. A few passages in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.: 18 Feb. 1562. Pp. 3.
Feb. 18.
Forbes, ii. 334.
327. Throckmorton to Cecil.
1. The weather being contrary for his passage, and partly by the impediment of the carriage of the money with him, being charged upon a "muylet," he did not arrive at Portsmouth until the 18th inst., in the morning, where he found two of Cecil's letters of the 14th and 15th inst., with an account of 40,000 crowns. In the letter of the 14th inst. he mentions the want of 900l. disbursed by Kelloway of the 14,000l. remaining in his hands. In that of the 15th he [Cecil] assures him of 10,000l. to depart from London on the 16th or 17th inst., to be sent after him; and in the same letter mentions also that he will sen 1,100l. to make up that disbursed by Kelloway. Upon conference with Kelloway he finds that he will not carry more than 13,000l., which will be 1,000l. short. Hopes Cecil will send this with the 10,000l. mentioned in his letter.
2. Found here at Portsmouth MM. De Briquemault, De la Costure and Bois le Conte, two of the Admiral's gentlemen. Meant to embark this night, and go in the Ayde with the treasure. The Frenchmen pass in the Phœnix. The Sacer was ready to accompany him; but he has left that ship behind to transport the treasure, which will come after him. Whosoever has charge of it must keep a good eye to it upon the way. Kelloway sends one of his sons and one of his servants with the money, to deliver the same into his hands on the other side.
3. By a note given him by Gresham of the rates of money remaining in Kelloway's hands, he accounted to have it in coins current in France; he now perceives that there is 8,000l. in English sovereigns, for Kelloway says it was delivered to him in that sort by Poulet, which differs from that in Gresham's memorandum. Kelloway also says that Poulet took over with him money in French crowns, angels, and pistolets; so it seems he supplied the said money with English sovereigns.
4. Mr. Basing, the captain of the ship in which he sails, advises him to embark this night about five o'clock; which he intends to do.—Portsmouth, 18 Feb. 1562. Signed.
5. P. S.—Prays Cecil not to forget to make a rumour to make a great army by sea and land forthwith; for upon his going the same will serve to purpose. Forgot to enclose this in his other letter. He goes now to embark. Signed.
Orig., the P. S. in Throckmorton's hol., with armorial seal. Two addresses. Pp. 5.
Feb. 18.328. The Duchess of Parma to the Queen.
Complains of the capture of a Spanish vessel off the English coast by certain vessels out of Havre, and requests her to prevent her own subjects, and those who sail from the ports of Normandy, from carrying on such enterprises against the King of Spain's subjects.—Brussels, 18 Feb. 1562. Signed: Margarita.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd.: 18 Feb. 1652. Delivered by the Spanish Ambassador, 5 March. Fr. Broadside.
Feb. 19.329. Smith and Somer to the Queen.
1. On Friday the 12th inst. they had an audience with the King and Queen, for the revocation of the proclamation, setting it forth according to his directions. The Queen answered that she would again communicate the answer already made to Somer to the Council, and then make answer; but she thought they would say no more than before.
2. Perceiving by these speeches that such was like to be the answer, Somer proceeded to the second part of his in structions, viz., that the King and she should certify in writing their denial of the proclamation; and that if they would not do so, if any inconvenience followed thereupon they must impute it to their own occasions. The Queen said that she would talk with the Council thereon; and so dismissed them.
3. The next day she went to Amboise to see her children, and returned on the Sunday. On Monday morning Smith sent to put her in remembrance of their answer. She appointed the afternoon of that day, and then said that as she did not well remember the points of the matters uttered by Somer, she desired to have them in writing. Somer replied that she could not have forgotten them, one part thereof being the same which he opened at his last coming here; but she not being satisfied, he had desired the King and her to consider better of it.
4. That point, the Queen said, had been already answered; but as the King and she were required to write their answers to her [Elizabeth] under their own hands, it was reasonable to have Her Majesty's demands likewise in writing. Somer replied that in case she did not remember what he had said, he was ready to utter the same to her again; and as for giving it in writing, he thought that Her Majesty's ministers were worthy of faith, and therefore his word was sufficient. It is not usual to proceed by writing when a special minister is sent with credit. He would then have uttered the matter again, but the Queen said that as writing was required of the King, it was meet he should see the ground thereof also in writing.
5. Perceiving that she would neither publish any revocation, nor go further without having the matter in writing, prayed them to proceed as sincerely with her as she did with them. He then delivered her letter to the King. The Queen read it, and said that upon conference thereon with the Council, she would answer within a day or two. This was the effect of their second negociation.
6. After this Smith said he had to tell her about M. Nantouillet, Provost of Paris. She said that she had forgotten to speak to him thereof. He asked whether her Ambassador had not written to her of it. She said, yea, but, seeing that he was a public person, the Queen would have done well, if he has offended, to have sent him hither with the informations and depositions of the witnesses and his whole cause; and that it is strange he should be kept in prison there. Then he declared that it appeared by the depositions that he had conspired to kill Captain Masyn, Her Majesty's servant and pensioner. So he declared the matter at length to the Queen. Upon examination of the malefactor and the Provost's servants, in whose depositions there is, (as he had heard,) a great appearance of truth, the Queen, meaning to deal honourably and favourably with the Provost, sent personages of good quality to speak to him about the depositions against him, but he refused to give any answer thereto. In respect to the King she had sent to him the third time, adding that the Provost had said that if he had killed four he was not bound to answer.
7. The Queen replied that he had not killed him, and being a public person he should have been sent to the King to be punished. To this Smith said that she could no less than sequester him first in the Mayor's house, and after to another alderman's house, until the truth of the matter was tried out.
8. She answered that the fact, if it were true, was very evil, which she could not excuse; but she trusted that Her Majesty would send him hither to be punished. As to the words he spoke, she thought they were spoken in choler, and like a young man. She said she would write to the Ambassador there. So they took their leave of her.
9. On Wednesday, the 17th inst., they asked Secretary De l'Aubespine to put the Queen in remembrance for the answer, who sent them word that they need not come to the Court if they had not more to say than what they had already stated; for the King had fully answered her letters in writing.
10. Having considered that the King's letter (which they received that same evening) was sealed, and not having the Queen's answer, as she had promised they should, and not knowing what answer was made, Somer resorted to De l'Aubespine, desiring he might know it, that he might do further thereupon, according to his charge. L'Aubespine said that the King had affirmed that he caused no such proclamation to be made, nor had any knowledge thereof, nor meant any such thing. Somer replied that either the King or they of Paris caused such proclamation to be made, for she could not have such certain testimony thereof without good ground. L'Aubespine swore there was never any such made; but that in publishing a proclamation in Paris, that every man should go to the camp, the English who were landed in Newhaven were spoken of, as other strangers were, who have come into this realm to aid the rebels, and that therefore he could not consider them to be his friends. Somer, however, was not satisfied, and presumed to open the letter, wherein he found written as L'Aubespine had stated.
11. As for any renunciation by publication, De L'Aubespine said that the King would not do it, seeing that he did not cause such to be made, as alleged.—Blois, 19 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 7.
Feb. 19.330. Supplies for Newhaven.
Charges for boards, baskets, timber, four "gynnes" with wheels, and armour. In making the first two "gynnes" sent to Newhaven, twenty-six carpenters and others were employed from three to fourteen days each. Planks, timber, iron, ropes, etc., total, 28l. 13s. 11d. The other two cost 25l. 8s. 4d., their carriage to the Tower wharf 2l. 15s., and twenty-four tumbrils 44l. Total 100l. 17s. 3d.; also a further charge for planks, etc. amounting to 471l. 13s. 6d. and 20l. 15s. 8d.
Pp. 7.
[Feb. 19.]331. Ordnance sent from Newhaven.
Brass ordnance eight pieces, eighteen harquebusses, and thirty chambers broken and whole, delivered out of the Tiger of London at Brian Hogge's wharf at Redrethe.
Endd. Pp. 2.
Feb. 20.332. Smith to the Queen.
1. Although he has, at the request of the Cardinal of Bourbon, already written to her by Mr. Somer in behalf of Nantouillet, the Provost of Paris, yet the bearer (who is steward to the latter) has been so importunate in behalf of his master, that he could not but pray her to extend her clemency to him.
2. Somer left here yesterday. About six o'clock the night before, the 18th inst., the Duke of Guise was hurt at Portereau by a shot of a dagg. It is said that it is at his back, and comes with a slant out under his shoulder. Belike he that shot him meant to have shot him through, but as he was turning to bid somebody farewell, it took him glancing wise. It is not known who did it. The surgeons of this town went to look at it yesterday, and this morning the Queen went to visit him. The most doubt they have, he hears, is that the pellet was poisoned.—Blois, 20 Feb. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with armorial seal. Add. Endd.: 20 Feb. 1562. Pp. 2.
Feb. 20.333. Middlemore to Cecil.
1. Was prevented from seeing the Admiral until the 18th inst., having been kept at Newhaven by contrary winds. Went to him at Dives, four leagues from Caen, delivered the Queen's letters to him, and declared his charge. He only answered two points, viz., that touching the renewing of such articles as had passed between her and Condé concerning the money, which he said he was ready to ratify. And that, as she now informed him that the sum he should now receive was 100,000 crowns, he said the sum agreed upon between them was 140,000 crowns, which he always made sure of having; and that unless she helped him to that he could not tell what to do nor what shift to make. The reiters, (who have not been paid for more than three months) are in such a rage for their money that he could scarce keep them together; not only his honour but his life goes upon contenting them now.
2. The writer replied according to his instructions that he had not heard anything about these 40,000 crowns, but that he knew of many sums being defrayed by the Queen for the Prince at Rouen and Dieppe, and to Montgomery.
3. The Admiral said he had only heard of 12,000 crowns being so disbursed, and so still made his account of receiving the rest. The writer told him that he had heard that the sum was much greater than he named. The Admiral hopes that the person who is to follow the writer will bring better news.
4. Had not at the writing hereof delivered the letter to the Marshal of Hesse, for he was lodged five leagues off. Nothing but money will content these people.
5. Perceives that the Admiral was compelled to come into these parts with his reiters, or else he would have lost them, for they were so corrupted by the other side that it lacked very little of their having gone home.
6. The town of Caen is at the Admiral's devotion, but the castle still holds out. The Marquis D'Elbœuf, who is the chief in it, is besieged by 800 soldiers, which force will be increased shortly. The castle is very strong, but not very well manned. The Admiral went to Caen on the 19th to view the castle, and the writer was with him. He means to batter it as soon as he can get artillery from Newhaven. Those in it have no great store of artillery.
7. The Duke of Guise is with his army in Le Portereau, a suburb of Orleans, beyond the bridge, and holds the tower at the further end of the bridge; but he only batters the town now and then with culverin shot. M. D'Andelot, (who is the chief in Orleans), has cut the bridge asunder and made a platform thereon near to the tower held by the Duke, and has fortified the isle which the bridge stands upon.
8. Condé (who is lying at a castle beside Amboise, belonging to the Count of Rochefoucault,) sent, by consent of the Queen Mother, to the Admiral about twelve days ago for two gentlemen with him, MM. De Esterney and Bochard, who were on their way hither, to enter a new talk with them of some accord. The Constable had also two others of the Duke's party permitted to come to him at Orleans at the same time and for the same purpose; but he cannot learn their names. D'Esterney was for long Governor of Orleans.
9. Montgomery is looked to be here shortly with forces from Dieppe. Supposes that the Admiral will go to raise the siege at Orleans soon after his reiters are paid, and return hither again for such forces as shall be sent him from England against they are ready. Wrote to him two or three words by M. De Teligny, to tell him of his arrival on this side and the time thereof. They look greedily for him who is to follow the writer. The Admiral is accompanied here by 5,000 horse and by MM. De la Rochefoucault, De Gramont, De Rohan, and De Mouy.—Eccoville, 20 Feb.
Orig. Hol. A few words in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.: Feb. 1562. Pp. 4.
Feb. 20.334. Gresham's Accounts.
A note of four bonds renewed, which amount with brokerage and interest to 118, 584 florins. Signed: Gresham.
Endd. Pp. 2.
Feb 20.335. Proclamation.
The Queen having appointed commissioners to investigate charges against any of her subjects for molesting those of the King of Spain; the Vice-Admirals and the officers of the different ports are to take sureties of good behaviour from the owners of ships arming to the seas. The complaints of certain Scotchmen shall be tried and redressed.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd.: 20 Feb. 1562. Pp. 8.
Feb. 20.336. The Bishop of London to Challoner.
Congratulates him on his honourable place. Begs for a "reward" of stones towards the re-edifying of "Powles." If he sends a warrant for 600 or 700 loads they will use no more than shall be necessary.—London, 20 Feb. 1562. Signed: Edm. London.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 21 [sic] Feb. 1562. Pp. 2.
Feb. 20.337. N. Stopio to Mason.
Wrote last Saturday. Many of the fathers have left Trent for Solazzo, but they are commanded to return speedily. Sends certain articles proposed for disputation.—Venice, 20 Feb. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.