Elizabeth
April 1567

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1871

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199-219

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'Elizabeth: April 1567', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 8: 1566-1568 (1871), pp. 199-219. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=72121 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Contents

April 1567

April 1.1056. William Winter to Cecil.
Arrived this afternoon at Calais, where they are lodged outside the town. The governor is not here, but his deputy is. On Thursday will declare their commission.—1 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
April 1.1057. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Sends him a letter, and minds to be in town shortly after the beginning of term.—Garendon, 1 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
April 3.1058. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Desires his lawful favour for his kinsman, Mr. Ralph Ellerker, in mitigation of the grievous extremity intended towards him, who through mischance in defence of his life killed another who otherwise had ended it.—Berwick, 3 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 4.1059. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
The Earl of Lennox remains still in his country and has resolved with Murray, Athol, and other noblemen to make supplication that the Prince may be kept by four of the nobles, and not one only. It is said that the Earl of Lennox touching the trial of his son's death desires to have the law upon nine persons, viz., Bothwell, the three Balfours, and five others. Morton is noted to have assured his friendship to Bothwell, and has gotten again Tantallon. Yesternight there arrived an Italian out of Scotland. Has not thought it meet to let him pass before he is better satisfied of him. Sends a list of such as should be on the Earl of Bothwell's quest.—Berwick, 3 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
April 4.1060. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
A servant of the Earl of Lennox has arrived here. His master beseeches the Queen to write to the Queen of Scots for the stay of the assizes. The causes are, first, that the day is much sooner than he can bring together those who know the whole action; further, that the Queen will not permit James Murray and others for the assistance and knowledge of the murder to compare in safely. Item, the said Earl cannot so soon with any sufficient strength come to defend such dangers as are intended by his suspected contraries towards him and the followers of this trial. Lastly, that there be certain bonds interchangedly taken between all those who are suspected.—Berwick, 4 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
April 2.1061. The Earl of Lennox to Sir William Drury.
Marvels what the cause should be that since his wife's liberty she has not let him understand the present state she is in. Desires him to advertise him what he hears of her.— Howston, 2 April. Signed.
Add. P. ¼. Enclosure.
April 5.1062. Advices from Italy.
Intelligence from Genoa, 28 March 1567; from Rome, 5 April; from Constantinople, 15 March 1567; from Vienna, 3 April; and Prague, 30 March.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 7¼.
April 5.1063. Sir Henry Norris to Sir Nicholas [Throckmorton].
Thinks that the origin of Lord Darnley's murder comes from hence, for besides their desire to have the Prince hither, those who are suspected make this their chief refuge. Thinks that the French will make some attempt on Ireland ere long. The Queen Mother had a great fall off her horse as she was hunting. Marshal Bourdillon has died very suddenly. The nobility are sent for to consult on the demand for Calais.— Morette, 5 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
April 5.1064. Stopio to —
Signature of a letter dated Venice, 5 April 1567.
Ital.
April 5.1065. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
News from Rome, 29 March 1567; Vienna, 27 March; Constantinople, 10 March.—Venice, 6 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 4½.
April 5.1066. Eric XIV. to the Queen.
Desires her favour for John Kell and Siffrid Preston, sent into her kingdom about his affairs.—Stockholm, 5 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. P. ½.
April 6.1067. Advices.
News letter relating to Italian and Turkish affairs, dated Venice, 6 April.
Ital. Pp. 4.
April 6.1068. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
1. Rather than all the poor men, to the number of twentythree, should be detained at Marseilles for one, he desires him to move the Queen to satisfy them to whom D'Estrilles was prisoner.
2. On the 26th March was advertised from the French Court that Sir Thomas Smith was despatched to make claim for Calais.
3. On the 2nd April the Queen Mother, riding or hunting her horse, fell, and she bruised her shoulder and brake her face.
4. On the 4th, M. Bourdillon departed this life. Is advertised that divers of Monluc's company being returned home are forced to lurk in corners by reason of complaints against them. At the Admiral's being last at the Court the King sent for him into his cabinet, wherein he caused to be declared to him the suspicion the King of Spain had against him, and began to enforce him to confess whether MM. De Teligny and Villeconyes going to Constantinople went not about to make some practise with the Turk to serve the Protestant's turn; further whether he were not entered into any practise with those of Flanders to the prejudice of the King of Spain; thirdly, whether he knew not that those of the religion armed and made secret preparation for the war. The Admiral made earnest protestation that touching the first two he was innocent. As to the third to his knowledge there were none that did arm, but if any went about to molest them their determination was not to endure it. Young Strozzi arms two or three ships at St. Jean De Luz; his intent is only to rob upon the seas, and as some think to do like enterprise as Monluc, if he can find any place unprovided in England or Ireland.— Moret, 6 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
April 6.1069. Mario Cardono to Cecil.
One Guglielmo Silvio has printed a Chronicle of England written more than 400 years ago, and now first come to light, which he has dedicated to the Queen.—Antwerp, 6 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
April 6.1070. Guilielmus Silvius to Cecil.
Sends him a book by means of Sir Thomas Gresham.— Antwerp, 6 April 1567. Signed.
Much injured by damp. Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 1½.
April 6.1071. Sir Henry Norris to the Earl of Leicester.
Gives similar intelligence as that in his letter of this date to Cecil. The coming of Sir Thomas Smith was not unknown to the French. Is sorry that they have such perfect intelli gence of the proceedings there, which he trusts will be reformed.—Moret, 6 April 1567. Signed.
Add. End., with seal. Pp. 1½.
April 8.1072. The Queen to the Earl of Bedford.
The state of the Borders being by reason of the disorders in Scotland not in such good terms as he left them, he is without delay to make his repair to Berwick. He is to muster and put in strength all the country under his rule.
Draft corrected by Cecil. Endd. P. 1.
April 8.1073. The Earl of Pembroke and others to the Earl of Bedford.
The Queen has willed them very earnestly to write to him. If he finds a party of the nobility of Scotland disposed to stand fast for the maintenance of God's honour and for the due trial and punishment of the late heinous murder, he is to give them comfort, and further to nominate as many as he can of the noblemen upon the frontier who seem to mislike Bothwell's greatness, that they do join themselves with the rest. The Queen also perceiving that the Wardens of Scotland do nothing to maintain the common peace, thinks meet that not only should he use some earnestness with them, but also to send to the Queen requiring her to have better regard thereto than of late has been, for otherwise he will be forced to seek redress otherwise than were meet to be used in such good times of peace. Think good also that against the time that message shall be done that she may have understanding that he has made several musters and shows upon the Borders. The Queen has written to the Queen of Scots to give longer time than the 12th instant for the assize to be holden for the trial of the Earl of Bothwell.
Draft corrected by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 3.
April 8.1074. Captain Cockburn to Cecil.
Wishes that he had a secretary, when he would not spare paper. Desires him to send the other letters to M. De Croc. —Paris, 8 April. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 9.1075. Sir John Forster to Cecil.
Sends a copy of a letter which he wrote to the Queen of Scots touching the Border matters. Since which there has come in of the subjects of that realm to the number of 100 persons accompanied with the rebels of England to a town two miles from Morpeth and burnt it, and hurt and taken prisoners sundry men. Martin Elliott has been with him and offered himself and the Armstrongs and the rest of Liddlesdale to bind themselves to England. The Earl of Morton has besought the Queen that he may not be one of the assize on the Earl Bothwell.—Alnwick, 9 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
April 7.1076. Sir John Forster to Mary Queen of Scots.
Kept the appointed day and place with all his power for the suppressing the rebels and thieves, and continued at the March Dike two days without seeing any man of her realm or having any advertisement. This has greatly encouraged the thieves and rebels. Hopes she will see to the reforming hereof.—Alnwick, 7 April 1567.
Copy. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
March 31.1077. Walter Kerr of Cessford to Sir John Forster.
Has received his letter desiring to be advertised whether he minds to keep the next day of March. Has written to the Queen and Council for order, taking anent those that he must make delivery for.—Halidon, last of March 1567. Signed.
Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
April 9.1078. Richard Clough to Gresham.
The Regent has answered that neither by her or hers shall the English or any other merchants sustain hurt or harm. The Count of Egmont was sent to persuade the Prince of Orange to be sworn to the Pope and the Church of Rome, which he utterly refused to do, but would rather depart the country. The Prince will go into Germany, and there are above 400 or 500 rich men of this town that prepare to ride away with him. There are a great number of rich and wealthy people gone.—Antwerp, 9 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Pp. 2¼.
April 10.1079. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. Has learnt that the stranger staid here is no Italian but an Almain, being Baron of Castelalt, sometime lieutenant to the Rhinegrave and his kinsman. The purpose he intended in Scotland was to offer his service with 3,600 men to the Queen, for the performance whereof he offers a prince, two counts, and a free town to be bonds. No man was privy to his intents but only Beaton. Intends to despatch him up to London in company with an Englishman. It is openly divulged from some of great credit that for the assurance defence Bothwell has taken bonds interchangeable of the Earl of Huntly and other noblemen. The Earl of Lennox has procured his leave to depart out of Scotland.
2. Is assured that there is a man who nightly goes about Edinburgh crying lamentably in certain streets of the town, "Vengeance on those who caused me to shed innocent blood. O Lord open the heavens and pour down vengeance on me and those that have destroyed the innocent." This man is accompanied with four or five to guard him. The Earl of Murray will be here this day. Will be constrained to sue to the Queen to discharge him hence.—Berwick, 10 April. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
April 10.1080. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Sends the stranger that named himself at first an Italian by the bearer.—Berwick, 10 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
[April 10.]1081. Offer of Anibale Baron Von Castelalt.
Terms on which he agrees to furnish 3,600 German soldiers. Signed.
Germ. Pp. 2.
[April 10.]1082. A similar paper of conditions in Italian.
P. 1.
April 11.1083. Thomas Barnaby to the Earl of Leicester.
The best way to have got Calais would have been to have sent personages of good quality to the Emperor and the King of Spain to declare what cause the Queen has to deal with the French. They will but laugh at law and disputations. The King has sent for all his Council. Marshal Bourdillon is dead, wherewith the Papists are somewhat dismayed, because he was one of their chief patrons and the best soldier in France. There is great bruit that the Queen makes preparations for war.—Paris, 11 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
April 12.1084. English Captives at Marseilles to Sir Henry Norris.
Of 200 men and more taken at Rouen there are but 18 alive in the galleys at Marseilles in chains fed with hard bread and water, being beaten every day with cords. Desire him to take pity upon them or they be men cast away. He that has them will sell them to the Genoese.—Marseilles, 12 April 1567. Signed: "Eighteen poor men in the galley of Captain D'Albisse."
Add. P. 1.
April 12.1085. Thomas Canato to Cecil.
Has a project which he wishes to declare, and therefore desires to have a protection from arrest by his creditors.— Antwerp, 12 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
April 12.1086. Captain Cockburn to Cecil.
Was with Sir Henry Norris on the 10th. Sends letters to be read and then forwarded to De Croc. Desires a safeconduct for two ships for his friend William Acquenan of Dieppe, who has had great losses for religion. Has shown the ambassador the purposes that were betwixt the Queen and the Admiral at their last being together.—Paris, 12 April.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
April 12.1087. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
News from Rome, 5 April 1567, chiefly relating to domestic matters. Conversion of 40 jews. From Genoa with news of Spanish affairs. From Prague, 30 March 1567.—Venice, 12 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 3.
April 12.1088. Trial of the Earl of Bothwell.
Accounts of the proceedings in the Justice Court of Edinburgh on the 12th April 1567, the Earl of Argyll presiding, against the Earl of Bothwell for the murder of Lord Darnley at the suit of the Earl of Lennox. He was acquitted because the prosecutor did not bring any evidence in support of the "dittay" or declaration. Signed: Johannis Bellenden, Clericus Justiciavie.
Endd. Pp. 9.
1089. Another copy.
Printed in Anderson's history, Vol. II., 97, from Buchanan's Detection.
Endd. Pp. 6.
April 13.1090. Challenge of the Earl of Bothwell.
The Earl of Bothwell having offered to fight according to the law of arms any gentleman underfamed who dares to say that he is not innocent, the writer offers to prove by the same law of arms that he was the chief and author of the foul and horrible murder, and desires that the King of France and Queen of England will appoint a place in their dominions for the trial. Warns the rest of the murderers that they shall have the like offer and their names given in writing. Verses underneath commencing, "It is not aneuch ye pure King is deid."
P. 1.
April.1091. Challenge of the Earl of Bothwell.
1. Copy of the answer to the Earl of Bothwell's challenge.
2. Second answer. Because Bothwell will not fight in France or England the writer is content to fight him within the bounds of Scotland, provided the Queen will give her assurance by open proclamation to him and his company, and that the King of France and Queen of England may appoint the day and place, and promise that he and his company shall incur no danger.
3. There follows the names of seven of the devisers and counsellors of the murders. Also the names of twelve of the murderers.
4. Another ticket set upon the cross. They cannot with upright conscience part the Earl Bothwell and his wife, albeit she justly prove him an abominable adulterer and worse, and that by reason that he has murdered the husband of her that he intends to marry, whose promise he had long before the murder was done.
Endd. Pp. 2.
1092. Copy of the first answer.
P. 1.
1093. Copy of the second answer and the ticket.
Endd. Pp. 2.
April 14.1094. Lords of the Articles for the Parliament.
List of about twelve names. Four bishops and three abbots for the spiritualities, also five earls amongst whom is Bothwell.
P. 1.
April 14.1095. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Upon the resolution of his departing to the north, he prays that the controversies betwixt him and the Earl of Rutland may be stayed in the Court of Wards till his return.— Garendon, 14 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 15.1096. Sir John Forster to Cecil.
Has received letters touching 50 light horsemen for the service in Ireland, which he will with all speed put in readiness. All the gentlemen of the frontiers of Scotland are at Edinburgh.—Alnwick, 15 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
April 15.1097. Sir John Forster to Cecil.
This day his servant returned from Edinburgh, whom he had sent with a letter for the burning of the town besides Morpeth. On Saturday Bothwell bode assize for the death of the King. The Earl of Lennox accompanied with his friends to the number of 3,000 came to Linlithgow, but had commandment that he should not come to Edinburgh above six in his company, and thereupon refused to come in that manner. They left Bothwell untried because there was none to give evidence.—Alnwick, 15 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 13.1098. Justice Clerk to Sir John Forster.
Received his letter, whereby he perceives there are divers great robberies committed on the Marches. Presented it to the Queen, who commanded the Earl Bothwell who bears the charge of the Borders to make answer, who minds to send one of his servants to him to whom he refers all things.— Edinburgh, 13 April 1567.
Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
April 12.1099. Trial of Earl Bothwell.
List of names of those appointed upon the Earl Bothwell's assize, thirteen in all.
P. 1. Enclosure.
April 15.1100. Sir Wm. Drury to Cecil.
1. Despatched the Queen's letter directed to the Queen of Scots by the Provost Marshal, who arrived at the Court on the 12th, at six in the morning, but was told that Her Majesty was asleep. Walked about till nine, when it being bruited that the contents of the letter were for the stay of the assize he was denied passage into the Court. Could find none who would undertake to deliver it. Upon this there came to him one named Hepburn, who told him that the Earl Bothwell had sent him with this message, that he should retire himself for that the Queen was so disquieted with the business of that day that he saw no likelihood of any meet time to serve his turn till after the assize. Espying a Scotchman whom he had for guide he threatened him with hanging. Lethington and Bothwell coming out demanded the letter, which he delivered, they then returned to the Queen, and stayed within half an hour. The whole troop of lords and gentlemen still on horseback attending Bothwell's coming, Lethington told the Provost that as yet the Queen was sleeping and willed him to attend till after the assize. The throng was very great, above 4,000 gentlemen besides others. The Earl Bothwell passed with a merry and lusty cheer to the Tolbooth attended with 200 harquebusiers, who kept the door. The Earl of Lennox's advocates desired forty days for more perfect collection of his proofs, and if they cleared Bothwell in that assize protested for wilful error. The Earl Morton refused to be of the assize. It is affirmed that at this assize none were sworn. Bothwell has set up a cartel declaring himself clear of this murder, and offering to defend any challenge thereof with his body. Yesterday began the Parliament. There are certain of O'Neile's men at Kinghorn intending to embark for Flanders, pretending some matter with the King of Spain. O'Connor has sent him a couple of letters which O'Neile wrote to the French King and the Cardinal of Lorraine.
2. His messenger could not have his despatch sooner than yesterday, and was not allowed further recourse to the Court than to the gate. All the Court wear the dule, which they did not before Le Croc came. The Earl of Lennox being at Stirling of late saw the Prince and requested the Earl of Marr to have earnest regard to his charge.—Berwick, 15 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 5½.
April 16.1101. Sir Thomas Gresham to Cecil.
Has written to Clough to see if the Queen's creditors will receive any of their money aforehand, allowing the like interest that the Queen pays. As there is no money to be taken up in Antwerp by reason of so many merchants departing, he desires him to command the receivers to preserve all the gold they can. — London, 16 April 1567. Signed
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
April 16.1102. Advices from the Low Countries.
News from Mechlin of the 13th April, and from Antwerp of the 16th.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
April 17.1103. Advices from Vienna.
News from Prague of the arrest of a certain renegade in the Turk's service. Signed by Stopio.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
1104. Another note of the same intelligence.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
April 17.1105. Sir Thomas Smith to Cecil.
The King will go to Chantilly where the Constable is. The council of affairs is at this time severed, each almost at their own houses. Knows not where he will have audience, but sees that it will be deferred as long as may be. Understands that upon the rumour of his coming an ambassador was sent into Spain to certify the King of his demand, and the justification of their cause and denial.—Moret, 17 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
April 18.1106. Sir Henry Norris to the Earl of Leicester.
Two English merchants having complained to him of the arrest of their goods at Newhaven he has sent to the French King requiring his letter for redress. On the 18th, answer was brought that the King had been informed that some injury had been offered of late upon the seas to some of his subjects by Englishmen, but nevertheless he would take order that justice should be done therein. The French make their boast that the Queen shall neither have Calais or any other recompense for the same. Trusts he will put it into the Queen's heart to make them break their vow, to the which the time never served better than now. Great are the forces that the Emperor and King Philip have prepared. The French are in great fear, being utterly unprovided. On the 13th there chanced a great tumult in Antwerp, the whole town being in armour for the space of four hours in readiness to give the onset, the Papists and Lutherans against the Calvinists who have got possession of the artillery and munition of the town. Finds Mr. Secretary his "heavy" friend in allowing his diets; prays to be advertised what he thinks to be the occasion.—Moret, 18 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
April 15.1107. Sir Henry Norris to the French King.
Requests justice for some English merchants whose ships and cargoes have been seized contrary to all right and reason. Also desires audience for himself and Sir Thomas Smith.— Moret, 15 April 1567.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Enclosure. P. ¾.
April 17.1108. Charles IX. to Sir Henry Norris.
Promises justice to the English merchants whose ships have been stayed. If he and Sir Thomas Smith will go to Crecy near this place, he will let them know when they can have audience.—Monceaux, 17 April 1567.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Enclosure. P. ½.
April 18.1109. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Forwards letters and hopes that he will remember to further the causes of his last letters.—Garendon, 18 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
April 18.1110. Petition of the Protestants to the Queen of Scots.
1. Desire the establishment of Christ's religion in the next Parliament, and that all acts and constitutions prejudicial to the same may be abolished with a new ratification of the law of oblivion. Also a ratification of the Act of Parliament made before her arrival.
2. That all benefices when they become vacant may be disposed to the welfare of the Kirk reformed.
3. Order to be taken for the maintenance of schools and colleges, for sustentation of the poor, and for punishing horrible crimes, such as idolatry, blasphemy, manifest breaking of the sabbath, adultery, and the like.
4. Item, a plain declaration of the Acts of Parliament made of before [for] the upholding of kirks and touching the mansions and glebes.
5. Item, that the jurisdiction given to some Papist bishops be simpliciter discharged and disannulled.
6. Lastly, that the cruel murder of the King may be so diligently tried that the wicked committers thereof may be punished.
Endd. Pp. 3.
April 18.1111. Intelligence out of France.
The garrisons in Calais, Newhaven, and the border towns are reinforced, and a general muster of the gendarmerie appointed for the first of June. They send a courier into Spain, before whose return it is not likely that Smith will have an answer. They flatter King Philip hoping to have him as a friend or neuter. There be at the Court certain of Genoa who offer to the King 1,000,000 of gold for a license to endure eight years, which is that throughout this realm the people shall pay for every first begotten child a crown, and after for every male five sous and female three, and for every twenty sous in marriage money one. The contract is already passed and stands only upon the approbation of this Court of Parliament. Rumours that Marshall Bourdillon at the time of his death discovered a conspiration against the Protestants. They make great preparations of horses and arms. The Huguenots think they shall not be long in peace, for this King is cruelly bent against them. The Pope has of late excommunicated the Queen of Navarre. They of Berne and Geneva be in arms.—April 18.
Signature and address obliterated. Pp. 2.
April 19.1112. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
News from Rome, 12 April 1567; Prague, 6 April; Vienna, 11 April; Constantinople, 20 March. — Venice, 19 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 3.
1113. Copy of part of the above advices.
Ital. Pp. 3½.
1114. Another copy.
Ital. Pp. 3½.
April 19.1115. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
1. On the 14th certain English merchants of Rouen complained of the arrest of their ships, whereupon he sent his secretary to the King to require redress and demand audience for Sir Thomas Smith and himself.
2. On the 18th answer was brought that justice should be done, but as to their access to him he could not yet give resolute answer.
3. The King has done nothing but shift from one place to another, which seems to be done as well to delay the audience as to have better leisure to assemble the Council. The French make great brags that she shall neither have Calais or any recompense for it, yet they are not in best case to make war, having neither money, nor good agreement amongst themselves. The Emperor and the King of Spain prepare greater armies than shall need for the suppressing of any of their own subjects, which is not a little fear to the Protestants of this country who stand upon their guard.
4. The French King has sent to the Emperor and written to the King of Spain to prevent her where the matter of Calais may come in question. Desires her therefore to look to such places as lie upon the seas.
5. Here are many devices used to levy money, and first they begin with the treasurers and commissaries for the wars, whom they have ransomed by an accord made the 20th March for the redemption of their lives and goods at 500,000 francs. There is also talk of a new imposition upon all marriages and for every man child that is born; also upon all innkeepers. The Queen Mother has been about to practice a marriage for the King with the Emperor's eldest daughter. Those of Geneva stand in some fear to be besieged by the King of Spain and the Duke of Savoy, and have furnished their town with all kinds of necessaries. There is commandment given for the mustering of the men at arms by the first day of June, and that the towns of Picardy shall receive them in garrison.—Moret, 19 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 4½.
April 19.1116. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
On Wednesday the Queen of Scots made her presence in the Parliament; she would not admit the Baillies of Edinburgh to guard her according to ancient custom, but passed with her guard of harquebusiers. The Laird of Grange presented a bill for the confirmation of religion. The man that walked up and down the streets in the night with the cry of vengeance for the murder is now apprehended, and shut up in a prison which they call for the loathsomeness of the place the "foul thief's pit." A servant of James Balfour, parson of Fliske, (who was at the murder of the King) was secretly killed and in like manner buried, supposed upon very lively presumptions for utterance of some matter either by remorse of conscience or other folly that might tend to the whole discovery of the King's death. Bothwell has obtained the castle of Dunbar with all the lands belonging to it. A servant of the Duke minding to set up a proclamation in Glasgow was denied with some violence, wherewith ensued his death at the hands of the Laird of Minto. James Balfour for some fear he conceives keeps his house with great watch and ward. Earl Morton is again in very grievous displeasure with the Queen. Sends a copy of the answer to Bothwell's cartel. Several noblemen solicit license to depart Scotland for some reason.—Berwick, 19 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
April 19.1117. Bond in favour of the Earl of Bothwell.
1. The undersigned declare that the Earl of Bothwell having been tried for the murder of Darnley by his peers and acquitted, and further having offered to maintain his innocence by the law of arms, in case any person shall insist further in the calumniation of the said Earl as participant in the said heinous murder, they will maintain his quarrel against them with their bodies, heritages, and goods.
2. In case the Queen marries the said Earl and any presume under whatever colour or pretence to hinder or disturb the same marriage, they will esteem them their common enemies, and will fortify the said Earl to the marriage and therein bestow their lives and goods.—Edinburgh, 19 April 1567.
3. To this the Queen gave her consent the night before the marriage, 14th May.
Endd.: The names of such noblemen who subscribed the bond as far as John Read might remember, being commonly called Ainsley's supper. Twenty-one in number, commencing with Murray.
P. 1.
Printed in Anderson's History, Vol. I., p. 107. Also in Keith, Vol. II., p. 563, from a copy in the Cotton library.
1118. Another copy without the list of names.
Pp. 3¼.
April 20.1119. William Kirkaldy of Grange to the Earl of Bedford.
1. If the Queen of England will pursue for the revenge of this late murder she shall win the hearts of all the honest men of Scotland again, and if they understand that she will favour them they will not be long in revenging the murder. The Queen has granted to abolish all laws made by any of her predecessors for religion that may hurt them in their lands, lives, or goods.—Edinburgh, 20 April.
2. The Queen caused ratify in Parliament the cleansing of Bothwell.
3. The Queen intends to take the Prince out of the Earl of Mar's hands and put him into Bothwell's keeping, who murdered his father. The same night the Parliament was dissolved, Bothwell called the most part of the noblemen to supper, to desire their promise in writing and consent for the Queen's marriage, which he will obtain. She has said that she cares not to lose France, England, and her own country for him, and will go with him to the world's end in a white peticoat ere she leave him. She is so past all shame that she has caused make an Act of Parliament against all them that shall set up any writing that shall speak anything of him.
4. Whatever is unhonest reigns presently in the Court.— 20 April.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 2.
April 21.1120. Advices from Antwerp.
News from Antwerp of the 21st April, relating to the movements of different parties in the Low Countries.
Endd. Ital. P. 1.
April 22.1121. Christopher Mundt to Cecil.
There is news that on the 13th Gotha with its citadel surrendered to Augustus, and that Grombach and three other noblemen are prisoners. The Landgrave Philip of Hesse died on 31st March.
2. The King of Spain has asked the Swiss for passage for his troops, and offered hostages, but they have refused him.— Strasbourg, 22 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 2¼.
April 22.1122. Thomas Cotton to Cecil.
Has procured the setting up again of Lord Courtenay's tomb, with condition within six months either to cause a tomb of stone to be made or take further order. —Padua, 22 April. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
April 23.1123. The Earl of Lennox to Sir William Drury.
Thanks him for sending his last advertisement and message to the Queen with such expedition, and desires him to despatch the enclosed letter to his wife.—From his ship in the Garloch, 23 April. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
April 24.1124. Sir John Forster to Cecil.
The Warden of Scotland is in ward in the castle of Edinburgh. The Liddlesdales have of late spoiled the town of Biggar and got much substance of coin, silks, and horses. Days of March there are none either appointed or kept. The Queen of Scots is gone to Stirling to see the Prince without any order or stay of redress upon the frontiers.—Harbottle, 24 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
April 24.1125. Sir Henry Norris to Catherine De Medici.
Informs her of Smith's and his arrival at Paris, and desires to know when they can have audience. — Paris, 24 April 1567.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
April 24.1126. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
On Sunday night the soldiers, being in the hall in the presence of the Queen, began to mutiny, demanding their pay, whereat the Earl Bothwell stepped to one, laying hands on him to strike him, but the rest rescued him, so that the Earl was glad to let him go. The Queen commanded to give them 400 crowns. On Monday the Queen took her journey to Stirling to see the Prince, and this day minds to return to Edinburgh or Dunbar. The Earl Bothwell has gathered many of his friends, well appointed, some say to ride in Liddlesdale, but there is feared some other purpose much different, which he will shortly be able to advertise more certainly.— Berwick, 24 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
April 24.1127. Anonymous Letter.
The Earl of Bothwell's wife is going to part with her husband, and a great part of the Lords have subscribed the marriage between the Queen and him. The Queen rode to Stirling last Monday, and returns this day. Earl Bothwell has gathered many of his friends, as some say to ride into Liddesdale, but the writer believes it not, for he is minded to meet the Queen this day, and to take her by the way and bring her to Dunbar.
2. "By him that is yours who took you by the hand at midnight."
P. 1.
April [25.]1128. Memoranda by Cecil.
First. That the Queen's mind may appear to continue in desiring to have the malefactors of the King of Scots' murder apprehended.
Secondly. That the Queen of Scots may understand what manner of bruits and rumours are spread through all countries concerning the said fact.
Thirdly. That if it be found that the Queen is disposed to marry with the Earl of Bothwell that all means be used to interrupt it.
Fourthly. That the like be used to interrupt any league with France or the alteration of religion.
Fifthly. That some redress be had for the great disorders upon the frontiers.
In Cecil's writing. Headed: The matters to be considered. P. 1.
April [25.]1129. Instructions for Lord Grey sent to the Queen of Scots.
1. The messenger is to inform her that the Queen daily finds from all parts a general misliking conceived that as yet no discovery is made of the malefactors, but that which is most misliked is that such as by common fame have been most touched with the crime are most favoured, whilst the father and other of the King's friends who should orderly seek for revenge are forced to retire from the Court, and some of them deprived from their offices.
2. The Queen is much perplexed, and has therefore sent Lord Grey to utter to her such things as are dispersed through the world to the danger of the Queen of Scots' fame, and to know what part thereof has truth and what not.
3. It is commonly said that the Earl of Bothwell was the principal author of the King's death, that his malice to the King was notorious deadly before his death, and that Bothwell's servitors being broken men were the doers of it. That the castle of Edinburgh and the superiority of Leith was granted to Bothwell.
4. On the other side such contempt, or at least neglect, used in the burial of the King as has caused great indignation, his father and friends forced to preserve themselves by absence, and, as is reported by his father, commanded not to come to the Court with above six men, where the persons accused were attended upon by companies of soldiers.
5. The Queen has also cause to mislike the usage of the Provost Marshal of Berwick sent with her letters, and earnestly requires that so open an insolence may be openly repaired.
Draft in Cecil's writing. Endd.: April. Pp. 4.
April 25.1130. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. Yesternight the Queen of Scots came to Dunbar well and strongly accompanied, and brought the Prince with her from Stirling.—Berwick, 25 April 1567. Signed.
2. P.S.—The Earl Bothwell met her three miles from Stirling. She passed by Edinburgh, sending the Prince into the castle.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 26.1131. William Kircaldy of Grange to the Earl of Bedford.
This Queen will never cease until such time as she have wrecked all the honest men of this realm. She was minded to cause Bothwell to ravish her to the end that she may the sooner end the marriage which she promised before she caused murder her husband. There are many who would revenge the murder, but they fear the Queen of England. Is so suited to for to enterprise the revenge that he must either take it upon hand or else leave the country, which he is determined to do if he can obtain license, but Bothwell is minded to cut him off ere he obtain it. She minds to take the Prince out of the Earl of Mar's hands and place him in the hands that murdered his father. Desires to know what the Queen of England will do, for if they seek France they may find favour, but he would rather persuade to lean to England.—"From my house," 26 April. Signed: G.
Copy. Endd. P. 1.
April.1132. — to Cecil.
There was in Scotland with Monsieur Morette the Principal of the College of Jesuits in France. In France it is declared by the Scottish Ambassador that the Lord James was the author of the King's death, and that the Earl of Lennox is deluded and mocked by him. Mons. De Croc is sent into Scotland to know the truth of the murder. These be the news of the 20th March last.
Add. Endd.: April. P. ½.
April 26.1133. — to Shers.
Sends intelligence from Genoa, dated 18 April 1567; from Rome, 26 April; from Vienna, 24 April.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 2¼.
April 26.1134. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
Sends news of the Turkish armaments. Intelligence from Rome, 19 April 1567; Vienna, 18 April; and Augsburg, 20 April.—Venice, 26 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 3¼.
April 26.1135. Gerherdt Henrich to the Queen.
Informs Her Majesty that he has secretly constructed four guns, two for use on water, two for use on land, better, stronger, and handier than any yet made, cheaper also. Broaches a scheme for building and arming ships which would enter any harbour in France. Earnestly begs employment from Her Majesty.—Antwerp, 26 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Dutch. Pp. 3½.
April 27.1136. Advices from Antwerp.
News from Antwerp April 27, coming of the King of Spain into the Low Countries; arrival of soldiers at Antwerp; departure of the Prince of Orange from Breda.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
April 27.1137. John Morrall to Gresham.
1. This morning at five o'clock was received into Antwerp by the lords of the town Count Mansfield's son, with sixteen ancients, counted 3,200 men, Walloons, who came in peaceably; although yesterday the soldiers of the town seeing their own decay and displacing out of wages, thought themselves to be ill used, they being burghers of the town, and so kept the gates and would not let them pass. The Regent comes in upon Monday with 800 horsemen and 400 or 500 footmen, the Count Egmont with most of the States meaning to keep the Court here.
2. The Prince and Princess of Orange have gone towards Dutchland. They have discharged many of their old servants, some of whom he minds to send into London by the next ships, of which there be three ready to depart laden with stones for the Bourse. Hoogstraten and Count Horn be departed after the Prince. It is supposed that Brederode is strong, some 13,000 or 14,000 good fighting men, and the Regent has sent a great number of men against them. Out of Italy is news of great number of men of war gathered together to the number of 30,000 prepared to come this way. —Antwerp, 27 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
April 27.1138. Proclamation at Antwerp.
Orders the inhabitants to refrain from insulting or quarrelling with the soldiers. Disorderly soldiers to be arrested and handed over to the Provost. No one to carry any arms in the streets; to refuse to receive the soldiers billeted on them; or to be out in the streets after a certain hour without a light.—Published by the Seigneur De Boudries and the magistrates of Antwerp.
Printed pamphlet. Fr. Pp. 7½.
April 27.1139. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. The arrival of the Prince into Edinburgh is untrue.
2. The Queen and Bothwell intended to compass it, howbeit the Earl of Marr would not suffer it to have effect. At the meeting the Earl of Huntly and Lethington were taken prisoners. One thing he has long forborn to advertise him of, which he thinks not meet to conceal any longer, which is, the marriage between the Queen and the Earl Bothwell, affirmed with much speed, and that most of the Lords have thereunto subscribed and to be Bothwell's friends in all actions.
3. P. S.—The manner of Bothwell's meeting with the Queen, although it appeared to be forcibly, yet is known to be otherwise. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
April 27.1140. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Encloses letters to him. Minds to set forth on his journey within these ten days, his body being in such diseased case that before physic taken he dare not adventure to travel.— Garendon, 27 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 28.1141. The Earl of Bedford to the Queen.
Has received letters from the Laird of Grange, which being deciphered he has sent to Cecil. Begs her to have consideration of his painful and chargeable journey.—Garendon, 28 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 28.1142. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Sends him a copy of a letter from the Laird of Grange (see April 26). If the Queen intends to do anything either in this or any other like matters of importance he trusts he will procure all her directions under her own hand for his better warrant.—Garendon, 28 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April [28].1143. Advices from Italy.
Intelligence from Genoa dated [28] April 1567; and from Rome of the 26 April.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 3.
April 29.1144. Christopher Mundt to Cecil.
1. Two days after the surrender of Gotha, Grombach, William Von Stayn, and the Chancellor of the Duke John Frederic were executed. There are mutual recriminations between Dukes Augustus and John Frederic because the latter during the siege coined money and styled himself Elector.
2. The Emperor desires that the subsidy for the Turkish war may continue for three years.—Strasbourg, 29 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 2.
April 29.1145. Richard Frearson to Sir Henry Norris.
Letter from the eighteen English captives in the galleys at Marseilles to the same effect as their letter of the 12th inst.— Marseilles, 29 April 1567. Signed.
Add. P. 1.
April 30.1146. Charles IX. to the Queen.
Has received her letter by Sir Thomas Smith and heard what he had to declare, and given him answer which he will declare to her.—St. Maur des Fosses, 30 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Royal Letter. Fr.
April 30.1147. Catherine De Medicis to the Queen.
Refers her to the bearer, Sir Thomas Smith, for the King's answer which she will find reasonable.—St. Maur des Fosses, 30 April 1567. Signed.
Add. Royal Letter. Fr.
April 30.1148. George Fernsed to Sir Henry Norris.
Begs his assistance for the relief of the eighteen poor captives at Marseilles.—Marseilles, 30 April 1567. Signed.
Add. P. 1.
April 30.1149. The Queen to Gresham.
Warrant for the payment of 8,532l. 5s. 4d. of the Queen's debts due at Antwerp on the 20th June next.—Westminster, 30 April 1567.
Rough Copy. Endd. Broadside.
April 30.1150. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. It is thought that the Lady of Buccleugh if need be will affirm Bothwell to have sinned in adultery and claim of him a promise of marriage before he married the Lady Bothwell, and that way prove the marriage not to be lawful. The Lady Bothwell is now for the yielding to the divorce of another mind, and says she will never say untruly of herself, but will die with the name of the Lady Bothwell.
2. Bothwell was secretly at Linlithgow the night before he took the Queen, having appointed his company where to meet him; in the morning he secretly broke with Huntly of his determination for the having of the Queen, which in no respect he would yield unto. Bothwell has required his friends to hold themselves in readiness until he should again send for them. Bothwell and his faction are glad of Murray's departure; he has now left his dule weed, and his apparel more sumptuous, and shows tokens of mirth. Had one of this garrison there yesterday, who saw the Queen and him walking together abroad and the soldiers with them.—Berwick, last of April. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
April.1151. Diet of Bohemia.
List of different tolls and customs granted to the Emperor for the period of two years for the maintenance of his state, with the proportions to be paid by different classes of his subjects, and also the proportion of men to be furnished for the war with the Turk.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 1½.
April.1152. The Queen to Lord Scrope.
Orders him to levy fifty light horsemen for service in Ireland. Endorsed the like letter to Sir John Forster.
Draft corrected by Cecil., with seal. Pp. 1¼.