|A.D. 1568. Jan.||1904. Count of Egmont.|
|1. Copy of a petition of the Countess of Egmont to the
States of Brabant requesting them to intercede in behalf of
|2. Also copy of the petition of the States of Brabant to the
Duke of Alva remonstrating against the treatment of the
Count of Egmont, and desiring that their privileges may not
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|[Jan.]||1905. Count of Egmont.|
|Copy of a petition of Nicholas De Landas, procureur for
Count Egmont, to the King, recapitulating the different steps
of the process against the Count, and begging that he may be
furnished with an authentic copy of the statutes of the Order
of the Golden Fleece.|
Endd. Fr. Pp. 4½.
|Intelligence from Venice about the movements of the
Turk; from the Court of Germany of the arrival of the
English Ambassador, Lord Cobham; and from Rome of the
10th January of the abjuration of twenty-three persons.|
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1¼.
|Jan.||1907. The Regent Murray to the Queen.|
|Desires her audience and credit for the bearer, Mr. Nichol
Elphinstone.— Edinburgh, Jan. 1567. Signed: James
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
|Jan.||1908. The Regent Murray to Cecil.|
|Having sent the bearer, Mr. Nichol Elphinstone, to the
Queen of England, he desires that he will show him favour.—
Edinburgh, Jan. 1567. Signed: James Regent.|
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
|Jan. 1.||1909. Prophecy on Charles IX.|
|Latin verses prophesying that Charles IX. is destined after
long wars to root out heresy, and then to have a peaceful
reign. Also French verses scattered about the Court on
1 Jan. 1568.|
Endd. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 1.||1910. William Landgrave of Hesse to the Queen.|
|In behalf of Adolph Lenck, who has been wronged by one
of her subjects named Robert Edmond in a contract for
making steel.—Cassel, Cal. Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 3.||1911. The Prince of Conde to the Count Palatine.|
|Has seen copies of letters from the King and Marshall
Vielleville to him, urging him to refrain from sending succour
to the Prince's party. Assures him that the sole cause of
their taking up arms is for the preservation of free exercise
of religion, together with their honour, lives, and goods.—
Camp at Dessay, 3 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 3.||1912. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.|
|Mr. Cobham arrived here the last of December, and on the
1st inst. delivered in Sussex's presence Her Majesty's letters
with his credit to the Emperor, who heard him very
courteously. His Majesty upon reading the letters gave
Sussex audience, and after he had heard Sussex at good length
seemed upon the sudden to be much appalled at the answer,
and yet he uttered it with as good words as the matter would
suffer, and was as bold upon his instructions to satisfy as by
the best interpretation he might be warranted. He desired
to have in writing what Sussex had declared, which the next
day was done. Tomorrow His Majesty receives the Order and
means to have an hour's conference with him. The party who
wrote so desperately from hence of the Archduke Charles'
religion wrought as diligently here by means to persuade the
Emperor that the matter was as desperate to be obtained there,
and since Mr. Cobham's coming he bursts out liberally that he
will lay his head the marriage shall never take place, and yet
he knows no more of what Cobham brought, but that the
Queen has neither peremptorily denied nor directly granted
for scruple in conscience.—Vienna, 3 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Partly in cipher, with the decipher
annexed on a separate page. Pp. 1¼.
|[Jan. 4.]||1913. Order of the Garter.|
|Oath to observe the statutes and ordinances of the Order
taken by the Emperor Maximilian at Vienna.|
Endd.: The Emperor's oath, 1567. Fr. P. ¼.
|Jan. 4.||1914. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.|
|On the 2nd inst. there arrived a courier from the King's
camp, upon whose coming the Queen Mother straight determined to take her journey thither. There is such a controversy
fallen out twixt M. Martigues and Carnevallet as her chief
going is to appease their debate. The cantons of Berne and
Zurich have declared to the King that if his intention is to
exterminate religion they will aid the Prince. Both parties
begin to wax very weary of these wars. The King's charges
amount to 1,000,000 francs weekly. There are letters patent
gone forth to authorise the officers to sell all the goods and
moveables of those who are with the Prince, and all their
lands and hereditaments to be annexed to the crown. The
King's army is 30,000 infantry and 15,000 horse. The King
has to quiet such storms as daily rise in his camp amongst
his nobility, partly for religion and partly for ambition.
There daily come to the Prince great company of soldiers.
They are paid 15 florentines a month for every horse.—Paris,
4 Jan. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 4.||1915. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.|
|The occasion of the Queen Mother's departure for the camp
is the dissension fallen there amongst the nobility. Has
sent him a note of such charts as aforetime he wrote for.
There are here daily many practices used, as of late that
Genlis had sued for the King's pardon, who has however taken
Shony in Picardy and holds the same to the Prince's use.—
Paris, 4 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
|[Jan. 4.]||1916. The Prince of Conde's Reply to the King's Articles.|
|Copy of that dated December 1567 [No. 1890]. In reply
the King promises that they of the pretended reformed
religion shall enjoy the benefits of the Edict of pacification
made at Orleans without restriction, and requires them to
countermand their forces.|
Fr. Pp. 4. Enclosure.
|1917. Articles of Pacification between Charles IX. and the
Prince of Conde.|
|Copy of the above with the replies immediately following
the articles they refer to. Also articles given to the Cardinal
Endd. Fr. Pp. 9. Enclosure.
|Jan. 4.||1918. Army of Charles IX.|
|Names of the different noblemen commanding in the army
of the King of France.|
Fr. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
|Jan. 4.||1919. Articles of Pacification between Charles IX. and the
Prince of Conde.|
|1. The King will never agree to treat with the Prince of
Conde or any other subject as with an equal.|
|2. Promises to pardon what has passed if they will lay
down their arms within three days, and retire to their houses
and give up the places taken by them.|
|3. Where certain gentlemen complain of having been
prosecuted for exercising their religion in their houses, the
King is content that this shall cease, provided there are not
more than fifty persons present exclusive of their families.|
|4. The King intends to keep his forces in his hands, and
to dispose of and govern towns as he pleases.|
|5. The town of Lyons being full of strangers shall not be
allowed the exercise of religion.|
|6. The town of Paris shall remain as it was before these
|7. All enrolments of men, associations, and synods are
|8. The King will immediately despatch his letters patent
to assure the Prince and his company of their lives, goods,
and the liberty of their consciences.|
Endd. Fr. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
|Jan. 4.||1920. Frederic Elector Palatine to the French King.|
|Has received his letters. Has communicated with the
Prince of Conde and the chiefs of his army, who have told
him distinctly and desired him to advertise the King that
they never intended to undertake anything against his
authority or estate; but if it pleased the King to grant them
the same liberty and use of their religion as they of the
Roman religion have, with equal security for their honour,
goods, and lives, they are ready to employ body and goods
at his command. Prays the King to accord therein this, and
he engages that the Prince and his party will immediately
disarm and give up the towns and places that they hold; and
in case of their refusal he will turn all his power against
them. Denies that the arrest of M. De Lansac was procured
through any information of his (the Elector's) envoy.—Pont a
Mousson, 4 Jan. 1568.|
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 4.||1921. Sir W. Drury to Cecil.|
|Has received the bills enclosed. Some set upon the Tolbooth
at Edinburgh, and one upon the Regent's chamber door. The
Earls of Athol and Caithness and the Bishop of Murray
seemed openly to reply in Parliament against the establishing
of religion. The most part of the Lords of Parliament have
misliked the considerations meant towards the ministers. It
is voted in Parliament that the Queen is "retained" for being
of counsel with those who murdered the King. Understands
that the Lords determined to have sent to all princes to have
their opinions how further to proceed towards her. John
Hepburn of Bolton has accused her of the murder. Gives
grants of offices and estates to different noblemen and others.
Proposed alliance by marriages between the Earls of Argyll,
Huntly, and Murray. To all such as were in arms against
the Queen it shall not be imputed to them or their heirs as
a fault.—Berwick, 4 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
|[Jan.]||1922. Verses to the Regent Murray and the whole Estates.|
|Desires them not merely to punish simple men for Darnley's
murder, but to minister justice equally. If they keep John
Hepburn and Tallo alive they could tell them who subscribed
to the murdering of the King. Prays them to take good
"tent" lest princes say that their meaning is to lay the whole
on the Queen's back, and thereafter to take her life and none
other to bear blame.|
Copy. Pp. 1½. Enclosure.
|Jan.||1923. Questions to be absolved by the Lords of the Articles.|
|Eight questions as to the guilt or innocence of the Queen
of Scots touching her husband's murder; the succession and
guardianship of the Prince; and why John Hepburn and Hay
of Tallo are not compelled openly to declare the manner of
the King's slaughter and who consented thereunto.|
P. 1. Enclosure.
|Jan. 5.||1924. Sir Henry Norris to the Earl of Leicester.|
|Encloses an advertisement sent to him whereby he may
know where Leicester's servant Montague (Jean Simenes De
la Montagina) is imprisoned, and trusts he will seek some
means of redress.—Paris, 5 Jan. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
|[Jan. 5.]||1925. — to Sir Henry Norris.|
|A gentleman named Montague (Jean Simenes De la
Montagina), a servant of the Lord Robert, bearing on his arm
the badge of a staff, was taken on the road to Paris about
five weeks ago, and is kept prisoner in the Castle of Pont de
Fr. P. ¼.
|Jan. 6.||1926. Captain Cockburn to Cecil.|
|Forwards a letter, which it may please him to read and
send through where it is directed. Refers all to the sufficiency of the bearer.—Paris, 6 Jan. Signed: George Bimont.|
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
|Jan. 6.||1927. Christopher Mundt to Cecil.|
|The Emperor summoned a meeting of the Electors at
Fulda for the 6th inst., chiefly for the purpose of decreeing
that no German should serve as a soldier at home or abroad
without the permission of the Emperor; also to consult about
the recovery of the three Bishoprics which the French have
taken. The third matter was to convert two Bishoprics into
a duchy, so that it might be better defended. The French
Envoys have been with Duke John William trying to
persuade him to levy 3,000 horse for the French King.—
Strasbourg, 6 Jan. 1568. Signed: C. M.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 2½.
|Jan. 6.||1928. Advices from Antwerp.|
|News from Antwerp about the Prince of Conde.—6 Jan.|
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 7.||1929. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|Upon Saturday John Hepburn of Bolton, John Hay of
Tallo, Jamy Daglyshe, and Thomas Purrey suffered at Edinburgh for the murder of the King. They were hanged,
quartered, and their entrails burnt. John Hepburn confessed
upon the scaffold that the Earl Bothwell his master showed
him that the Earls of Argyll and Huntly, the Laird of
Lethington, and Mr. James Balfour, otherwise the parson of
Fliske, had subscribed to the murder of the King. The
Regent has written very earnestly for the delivery of two
Scotchmen; one whom Drury apprehended for counterfeit
placks and hard heads, and the other he requires for committing a murder. Desires Cecil's opinion what he shall do
therein.—Berwick, 7 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. P. 1.
|Jan. 2.||1930. The Regent Murray to Drury.|
|James Fraser, a sadler of Edinburgh, having been shamefully
murdered by Robert Davison, called the Priest's Hobb, whom
he is informed is in prison within Berwick, he desires Drury
to deliver up the said Davison.—Edinburgh, 2 Jan. 1567.|
Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
|Jan. 8.||1931. Dr. Man to Cecil.|
|1. Sent Burlace a little billet containing the Queen's commandment, who sent answer that he was not afraid to return
to England or ashamed to show his face there for anything
that he had done, and that he was going to his kinswoman
the Duchess of Feria to take leave of her, and that done
would immediately make his repair into England. The
Emperor's Ambassador declared to him that from Vienna he
understood that the marriage was concluded, and only stayed
for the Queen's assurance that the Archduke might openly
or privily in any church have celebrated for him the mass
after the order of the Church of Rome. Man told him in
case it stayed only upon that it would not stay very long.
There is a new rumour of the King's embarking towards
Flanders.—Madrid, 8 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—Twenty-five captains have been sent to sundry
places in Spain to levy each of them an ensign of 250 men
to send to Flanders.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 8.||1932. The Admiral Coligny to Cecil.|
|Has heard of the great and commendable offices which he
has done for the advancement of their cause through the
letters and dispatches of the Cardinal Chatillon. The bearer
and the Cardinal will show him more particularly the state
of their affairs here.— Montreuil Bellay, 8 Jan. 1568.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
|Jan. 10.||1933. Intelligence from Italy.|
|News from Rome of the 10th January 1568.|
Ital. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 10.||1934. N. Stopio to [Cecil].|
|Encloses advices from Rome of the 3rd Jan., and from
Vienna of the 1st.—Venice, 10 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Endd. Ital. Pp. 4¼.
|Jan. 10.||1935. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.|
|Refers him to Mr. Garter for what passed touching the
Emperor's receiving the Order, and to his letter to the Queen
for some part of his own dealings. Is indeed as Cecil writes
left in a maze, nevertheless understanding the Queen's good
disposition to the matter if the difficulty of religion might
be dissolved, and perceiving how earnestly the matter is
affected here, and what great peril grows on all sides if it
break off, Her Majesty shall not be deceived in what she
expects of him.—Vienna, 10 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. P. 1.
|Jan. 10.||1936. The Earl of Sussex to the Queen.|
|1. The Emperor on Sunday, being the 4th inst., received
the Order in the afternoon, and accompanied with all the
Ambassadors went after to evening service, in which censing,
prayers to saints, and all other matters contrary to the use
of the Queen's religion were omitted. Leaves the declaration
of particulars to the bearer, Mr. Garter. Repeats information
given in his letter to Cecil of the 3rd inst. The fourth day
after Sussex had in the presence of all the Ambassadors used
some speech according to his instructions, the Emperor after
the reading of his commission thanked the Queen for her
great favours many ways shown to him, and especially in this
matter, and in the end concluded that though he were surely
knit to her before, yet she for the more surety had now tied
him with a chain by the leg, which should also tie him by the
heart to her whilst he lived.|
|2. After supper he told Sussex that he had prepared the
dispatch to his brother the Archduke, which either that
night or the next morning he would send away; and though
he thought it could not well satisfy his expectation, yet as
he had in all times done what lay in him to compose all
differences, so would he not surcease his travail to do good
therein, knowing how earnestly his brother affected the
matter, and understanding how well the Queen liked thereof
if this difficulty of religion might with her honour and
surety be dissolved. Sees surely that it touches His Majesty
at the heart to hear of anything that might stir any difficulty.
—Vienna, 10 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 11.||1937. Advices from Antwerp.|
|News from Antwerp, chiefly about affairs in France.|
Endd. Ital. P. 1.
|Jan. 11.||1938. Sir John Forster to Cecil.|
|Minds to leave the Borders in such good order as he may
thereby the bolder presume upon his license to be at Court
this next term. Four of Bothwell's servants who were
presently at the King's murder were executed on the 3rd inst.
They have discovered four others besides the Earl to have
been at that act and no more. They say he was blown up
with the powder forth of the house, and so slain by the
powder only.—Alnwick, 11 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 11.||1939. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|Decay of the bridge at Berwick. Mr. John Hamilton
passed through to-day towards the Court.—Berwick, 11 Jan.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
|Jan. 11.||1940. Bridge at Berwick.|
|Survey of the bridge at Berwick by John Ross, showing
what repairs are necessary. Signed.|
|1941. Petrus Ramus to Cecil.|
|Sends him "mathematicum proœmium," in which he stiles
him the Queen's Nestor, not on account of his years, but for
his zeal for virtue.—Paris, 13 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Lat. P. ¼.
|Jan. 14.||1942. Ordinance for the French Gendarmerie.|
|In order that the companies of gendarmerie may keep
their full numbers it is forbidden to any gendarme or archer
to change from one company to another without giving six
weeks' notice to his captain.—Paris, 14 Jan. 1568. Published
on the 16th Jan.|
Printed pamphlet in French. Pp. 5.
|Jan. 14.||1943. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.|
|Sends news from Rome, 27 Dec. 1567; Genoa, 26 Dec.,
and Vienna 28 Dec. Desires that his leave of absence from
his charge at Salisbury may be extended for another four
years.—Venice, 14 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. and Ital. Pp. 2¼.
|Jan. 14.||1944. The Queen to Drury.|
|Directs him to deliver up the two Scotchmen demanded by
the Regent Murray.|
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd. P. 1. See Enclosure,
|Jan. 15.||1945. Sir Thomas Gresham to Cecil.|
|Forwards letters, and desires to know the Queen's and
Cecil's determination for the payment of 51,926l. 10s. due in
Antwerp on the 20th February. Also begs him to have in
remembrance his poor suit to the Queen for the purchase of
certain lands.—Gresham House, 15 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. P. ½.
|Jan. 15.||1946. Lord Scrope to Cecil.|
|On the 12th seven of the Elliotts of Liddlesdale entered
the West Marches, and by night brake up a widow's house,
left her son with ten wounds, and drove away sixteen kine.
Four of the Greames pursued them and killed one and hurt
other two, and the rest escaped with their goods; for revenge
of which the said Scots assembled to the number of eighty
to have come against the Greames. Can get no answer for
their attempts.—Carlisle, 15 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 15.||1947. Advertisements from Germany.|
|The Earl of Sussex tarries yet in Vienna. The hot bruit
of the marriage is now cooled. The last of December the
Almains joined the Prince at Pont de Mousson, in Lorraine,
but the writer has no great hope of their doing good, for that
there is no store of money. The Emperor to pleasure the
King of Spain and the Pope hindered them as much as he
could. Monsr. D'Aumale, the Duke of Guise, and others who
were at Verdun to let their passage were forced to retire. The
good Cardinal "Boute-feu" [Lorraine] is reported to have fled
to Thionville. M. D'Anjou has retired, feigning such charge
from the King, who was advertised that the English had taken
Dieppe and other towns in Normandy. It is thought that the
King and the Prince will come to some agreement, the King
having offered the Edict of Pacification without any restriction.
He offers only sa parole, his letters patent, and the approbation
of the Courts of Parliament, and wills that the Prince disarm,
which they think not sufficient, for that it is an article of
faith among the Papists, "quod non tenenda fides nec heretico
"necsubdito." It is to be feared that the King will at length
with delays undo them, and lest the King of Spain at last
become master of them both, who is the only author and
contriver of all this mischief. If they can come to some good
accord, they mind to join with the Prince of Orange against
the Spaniards to obtain like liberty of religion. Gives account
of embassies between the French King and the Palsgrave.
The Duke of Wurtemburg has great intelligence with the
Duke of Alva. The rest are "plane tepedi," for to say the
truth there is at this present no fervour or constancy of religion
almost left in Germany. They suffer themselves to be
"eluded" by the Emperor, and money is their only god.
Levy of troops for the Kings of France and Spain. As the
Papists have their league, so were it not amiss that the
Princes Protestant for their defence had the like.—15 Jan.
|Jan. 15.||1948. Passport.|
|Order for all officers to give free passage to the bearer, whose
name is not mentioned. — 15 Jan. 1568. Signed by De
Endd. Fr. P. ¼.
|Jan. 17.||1949. Advices from Rome.|
|Proceedings of the Pope and Cardinals.—Rome, 17 Jan.|
Ital. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 17.||1950. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.|
|Has received his letters of the 20th and 27th ult. Thanks
the Queen for her favourable acceptation of his services.
Is glad to know in time that it is reported the Protestants
of Germany seek to depone the Emperor, for thereby he
gathers light to clear this mist and to divert the ill meant
thereby to work a good effect. Received of late a letter
from Preynor offering his service in this matter.—Vienna,
17 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Partly in cipher. Add. Endd. Hol., with seal. P. 1.
|Jan. 18.||1951. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.|
|Sends intelligence from Rome of the 10th, chiefly about
the abjuration of Count Nicolo di Pitagliano and twentythree others whose names he gives; also from Vienna of the
8th inst.—Venice, 18 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 18.||1952. Advices from Antwerp.|
|News from Antwerp of 18 Jan., chiefly relating to French
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1¼.
|Jan. 19.||1953. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|1. Understands he has given order for the imprest for
punishing of certain things needful, as also for repairing of
the bridge and the old walls towards the sea.|
|2. Has disbursed of his own and further would if his
|3. Of small money they have not other than Scottish.
Lord Seton has been committed to ward for disobeying of
an officer in the executing his office; and being set at liberty
drawing to his lodgings well accompanied with friends, there
had like to have been great trouble with the Earl of Morton.
The Earl of Argyll is returned.—Berwick, 19 Jan. 1567.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
|Jan. 19.||1954. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|1. Thanks him for being the means of getting him the
use of these two offices until it shall please the Queen to
appoint some person of better calling. These forty years
past the country was not in quieter or surer state. The
chief of the surnames have offered to put in bonds to make
restitution for anything which shall be taken by them or
theirs. Has restrained the fetching of wood in Cheviot where
they have by their long continuance made great waste and
spoil. Has so dealt with some of them that they have
betrayed and put out their fellows. Believes there shall be
hardly an agreement or purpose of four of them drawn to
steal in England but he will have knowledge of the same.|
|2. Some judge that this Parliament will shorten the life
of their Queen. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 19.||1955. Dr. John Man to Cecil.|
|On the 18th at 10 p.m. the King armed under his night
gown went to the Prince's lodging accompanied with a great
number of his guard, and committed him to ward there for
the night. It is bruited that he practised his father's death.
The matter was discovered by his ghostly father.—Madrid,
19 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. P. ½.
|Jan. 19, 23.||1956. Frederic Elector Palatine to Charles IX.|
|1. Has received his letters and heard what he has said to
his Councillor Zuleger. It is not his custom to meddle in
other people's affairs without either being asked or having
some common interest therein. Has allowed his son, the
Duke John Casimir, to assist the Prince of Conde and his
adherents, on no other ground than for the defence of their
religion. Both the King's envoys, Lignerolles and Lansac,
have sown reports throughout Germany that the present
troubles are not on account of religion, alleging that the
Edict of Pacification has always been kept in its entirety, and
that the Prince and his party have no other object than a
horrible rebellion against the King to deprive him of his
crown, and that the Prince has had money struck as if he
were King himself. This was the cause why he sent Zuleger
to ascertain the truth, who has informed him that when before
the King's Council he demanded proofs of the Prince's intention of making himself King, the Queen Mother replied that
it was a mockery, and that though the Prince had struck
money it was with the King's inscription and arms, and not
as though he were himself King. The Prince of Conde has
sent him a discourse in which he imputes the blame of all
that has happened to the House of Guise, through their
seeking to destroy the religion, and not to the King. Where
the Queen Mother told Zuleger that she believed that the
refusal of the Constableship had angered the Prince and
caused him to take up arms, the Prince declares that he
never asked for that dignity, but that the Cardinal of Bourbon,
and afterwards the Duke of Anjou, told him that the King
had promised to make him Lieutenant General, and that after
that he could not fail to have the Constableship. The chief
noblemen of the Prince's company told Zuleger that if they
had the slightest suspicion that the Prince wished them to
change their Sovereign, or to take up arms for his private
quarrels with the House of Guise or others, not one of them
would stop with him, but that their religion and the preservation of their lives and property was the sole cause of their
taking up arms. The Prince also declares that he never had
any design against the person or life of the King, but that
they wished to overthrow the Switzers as being instruments
used by their enemies for their ruin. Moreover both morning
and night in his camp there are public and private prayers said
for the King, which Zuleger heard during the eleven days he
was there, and M. Lansac, who was kept prisoner in the
camp, can also bear witness to.|
|2. Where his Envoys declare that the Edict of Pacification
has been kept entire, the Elector mentions the various
declarations, modifications, and restrictions published at
Paris, together with its violation by private persons. The
late Constable also said in the presence of several noblemen
that the King would not permit the free exercise of religion,
and never intended the Edict of Orleans to be other than
provisional. Asks the King whether he did not tell Zuleger
that he would have no other religion in his kingdom besides
his own; and whether the Queen Mother did not allege a
privilege of the Kings of France never to make a perpetual
edict, to which he agreed, saying "pourquoy non?" Asks
the King whether the articles sent by him to the Prince,
and his reply, do not show that these wars are a question of
religion; also whether Lansac did not in the presence of the
most notable gentlemen of the Prince's camp confess his fault
in having traduced them. Complains of the King's having
deprived those of the religion of their offices, and that most
of his Council are Papists. This being so different from the
account of the King's envoys, he has considered himself bound
to send aid to the Prince of Conde. Warns the King of the
danger he runs by following the advice of his Papist councillors,
and recommends him instead of using force, to proceed by way
of colloquies and conferences.—Heidelberg, 19 Jan. 1568.
Signed: Frederic Elector Palatine.|
|Jan. 23.||The Elector Palatine to Catherine de Medicis.|
|Refers her to his letter to her son, and warns her not to be
guided by evil council.—Heidelberg, 23 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Copies. Endd., by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 7.
|Jan. 21.||1957. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|1. The Bishop of Dunkeld with two others are committed
to ward who of long time has had mass in his house. He
has put himself into the Earl of Murray's will and pleasure.
There is a reconciliation between the Earl of Argyll and his
wife, which is now the fourth time. Encloses the confession
of John Hepburn of Bolton with the rest who suffered for
the murder of the King.—Berwick, 21 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—Many judge that the persons executed for the
King's death have done by their naming the Laird of
Lethington to be a consenter unto the same great wrong, and
that the cause proceeded of Bothwell's malice unto him, and
to give the more credit into the enterprise.|
Add. Endd. P. 1.
|Jan. 22.||1958. Philip II. to the Queen.|
|Letter of credence for his ambassador, Don Diego Guzman
De Silva, who will explain the reason of his proceedings
towards his son.—Madrid, 22 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Lat. Royal letter.
|Jan. 23.||1959. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.|
|1. On the 5th inst. the Queen Mother arriving at Chalons
met the Cardinal of Chatillon and MM. D'Esternay and
Teligny, who having granted to them M. D'Anjou's safeconduct, together with the Queen Mother's assurance for their
safety, were coming towards Paris to treat of peace. After
she had dealt with them one whole day, she departed from
thence to the camp, where having quieted the dissensions
between Martigues, Carnevallet, and others, she returned to
Paris, where she arrived on the 15th inst. The Cardinal of
Lorraine met the Queen and accompanied her as far as Meaux.
As it was very perilous for the Cardinal of Chatillon to
enter Paris for fear of the rage of the rude multitude, he with
the other commissioners was appointed to stay at Bois de
Vincennes. And albeit the King had openly said that he
would not speak with the Cardinal touching any treaty of
peace, yet in the night he was conveyed into the Court and
had secret conference with the King, the Queen, the Chancellor,
and some other special councillors by the space of three hours
The Queen likewise under pretence to walk abroad had
conference with them on the 20th at the Bonnes Hommes,
and the chief president and the King's Procureur went to
treat with them. Since which time Lansac and Morvilliers
have been with them. So all things weighed there was great
appearance that these troubles would grow to some pacification, nevertheless it was so covertly used lest the Parisians
should suspect that they went to make peace, who to make
war have furnished the King with 600,000 francs. They of
the King's camp for want of necessaries, and for the cold,
daily draw home by good troops. The want of means to
entertain the excessive charges of these wars will sooner
constrain both sides to fall to accord. There is another
reason which persuades Norris that peace will be the sooner
agreed, and that is that the Queen by leaving these differences
undecided hopes the better to be able to hold the government
of the affairs of the realm in her hands.|
|2. The Pope's Nuncio, the Cardinal of Santa Croce, and the
Ambassadors of Spain and Scotland employ themselves all
they possibly may to impeach this accord. On the 20th came
a post from the King Catholic, the effect of whose message
was to offer this King 1,000,000 of gold to continue these
wars. The Doctors of the Sorbonne also have repaired to
the Court, and used divers persuasions to that end, fearing
lest the Romish religion shall receive great decay by the
advancement of the Gospel. Gives account of the movements
of the Huguenots and the King's party in different places.
A gentleman of the religion being beheaded at Toulouse, they
of Montauban measured the like favour to the Bishop of
Castries, and executed six other gentlemen whom they held
prisoners. The Landgrave of Hesse has declared to the King
that he disavowed any of his subjects who should come into
France against him.|
|3. As to the force of the two armies there is small difference
in the cavalry, for the King has 10,000 horse of service, and
the Prince with his reiters is no fewer. The whole of the
King's infantry amounts to 30,000, and the Prince's to 27,000.
Further movements on both sides. The Ambassadors of Rome
and Spain understanding of these abovesaid secret negociations
have ceased not to exclaim upon the King and Queen, saying
that it was impossible to have two religions in one realm
without great confusion. These and other like persuasions,
joined with large promises, have so prevailed that the King
sent the Cardinal word that he would no further treat of
peace unless the Prince of Conde and his complices would
sent the reiters out of France, and wholly disarming come
with their ordinary trains toward him to purge themselves
of the attempt made at Meaux.|
|4. The Cardinal of Santa Croce on the 20th entered the
Council chamber, declaring to the Queen that heretofore
she had promised to the Pope to deliver the Cardinal
Chatillon into his hands, and that he was now come to
demand performance thereof, whereunto the Queen answered
that she did not deny her promise, but that the time was
very unmeet, for that he had come upon the King's safeconduct and her assurance, nevertheless she would consider
what were best to be done.|
|5. The Cardinal replied that no respect ought to be had
towards the Cardinal Chatillon, for that he was an excommunicate person, condemned of schism, and dead towards the
law. After he had thus said the Duke De Montmorency
turning towards the Queen answered, "But, madame, is it
possible that the Cardinal Chatillon's delivery should come in
question, being warranted by the King and your Majesty
to the contrary, and I myself being made a mean therein,
wherefore this matter is odious to be talked of and against
the law of arms, and all good civil policy, and I must needs
repute them my enemies who go about to make me falsify
my promise once made." So that the Cardinal departed
without attaining his most cruel request.|
|6. The King of Spain travails to make accord with the
Turk, that he may next spring turn all his forces into these
parts.—Paris, 23 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 7½.
|Jan 23.||1960. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.|
|Asks leave to write his mind more overtly to him than
he dares do to the Queen, who as he learns has thought him
somewhat too partial in setting forth the Prince's good success
in these troubles. The Prince's cavalry is 7,000 reiters, and
4,000 French of the chiefest and best experimented in France.
The King's army daily diminishes. Desires to hear oftener
from him.—Paris, 23 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
|Jan. 23.||1961. Advertisements from France.|
|Abstract of the intelligence contained in Norris' letter to
the Queen of the same date, relative to the movements of the
Huguenots and the King's party.|
Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 25.||1962. Proclamation by Charles IX.|
|Declares that his intention has always been not to meddle
with the Edicts of Pacification. The Prince of Conde having
sent the Cardinal of Chatillon and others to him, whom he
could not admit to his presence, he desired the Queen Mother
and the Cardinal of Bourbon to hear them; who told them
that the King required to know the reason of the assembly in
arms which met him on the road from Meaux to Paris, and
also that all foreigners should be sent back out of the
kingdom. All who shall leave the Prince's camp within eight
days shall be received into the King's favour.—Paris, 25 Jan.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
|Jan. 25.||1963. Advices from Antwerp.|
|News from Antwerp, of 25 Jan., chiefly about French
Endd. by Cecil. Ital. Pp. 2¼.
|Jan. 26.||1964. Count Hoogstraten to the Queen.|
|Begs that she will intercede with the King Catholic for
the Counts Egmont and Horn, who are at present closely
confined in the castle at Ghent.—Cologne, 26 Jan. 1568.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
|Jan. 26.||1965. Dr. John Man to Cecil.|
|Since writing on the 19th, he perceives the matter grows to
something heinous against the Prince. It appears that he
had levied great sums of money in sundry cities and towns
of Spain. What his intent was is not certainly known, but
unto the King and a few others, but it is bruited that he
meant to have slain the King and certain of his council. The
King has given order to assemble all the grandees of Spain
and others at Toledo. Notwithstanding, Man believes all
this is done for a terror to the Prince to cut off some excessive
disorders he is inclined to. The Prince's guard, servants, and
officers be discharged. He sleeps upon a pallet upon the
ground, and the Duke of Feria lies upon another, twenty of
the King's guard always waiting without. Motion has been
made to the Dowager of Portugal to accept the government
of Burgundy and the Low Countries.—Madrid, 26 Jan.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
|Jan. 27.||1966. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|The law day for Lord Seton and Francis Douglas shall be
holden at Edinburgh the 5th of February, whereunto the
Earl of Morton procures as many of his friends to be present as
he can. The Earl of Murray has promised to see justice performed at the Laird of Cessford's hands, which he dare not
do himself for fear of the thieves. Moves Cecil again for the
imprest for the garrison and soldiers lying in the country,
whom he will be driven to take home again. The poor
men allege that they have been and are a great safety for
them and their goods.—Berwick, 27 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. P. 1.
|Jan. 27.||1967. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.|
|The 18th the Emperor declared to him the answer received
from the Archduke, and willed him to consider well thereof.
On the 20th Sussex made declaration of what he had considered thereon, whereupon the Emperor, after three hours'
conference, willed him to think well upon all matters, which
he also would do, and at his next coming would grow to a
resolution. This day at four o'clock he goes to receive his
resolute answer. Trusts to take his leave on the 29th, and to
set forward by the 30th. By the unsurety of the way, by
reason of the daily passing of the Almain soldiers to and
against the French King, and for Flanders, he is driven to
take the surest way.—Vienna, 27 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Hol., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
|Jan. 27.||1968. Christopher Mundt to Cecil.|
|1. Duke John William of Saxony being solicited by the
Frenchenvoys, who declared that Conde's faction wished to overthrow the King and his brethren, was persuaded to levy 3,000
horsemen. In the meanwhile he was informed by the other
Electors and Princes that Conde's party had far different
reasons for war, and therefore sent a messenger with a letter
to the King to know whether he allowed liberty of religion, who returned on the 15th accompanied by a Frenchman,
Lansac, who was lately sent to the Elector, who accused the
whole of the Condeans of sedition and rebellion, and declared
that they had full freedom of religion, and that it was through
ambition and a desire for power that they had taken arms
against their lawful master. The Palatine had the heads of
his message written down and subscribed with his name, and
sent one of his councillors, together with Lansac, back to the
King. The Queen Mother, in the presence of the King, said
that their envoy had promised more than he had in his commission, and when the envoy of the Palatine desired in his
master's name that articles of pacification might be granted
to the Prince, and also that the word "perpetualement" might
he added to them, so that the King might not revoke them
whenever he pleased, he was informed by the Queen Mother
that it was not the custom of the Kings of France to
enter into pledges with their subjects. He was sent back
at length without any certain answer, accompanied by Lansac,
and whilst they were passing through Lorraine they were both
captured by the Prince of Conde's cavalry; and on Lansac
were found letters to sundry of the King's captains, urging
them as quick as possible to bring their forces to him.|
|2. The Rhinegrave and others have raised about 2,000
cavalry for the King. Conde has reviewed his German horsemen and foot soldiers, and is said to have given them their
month's pay; but it is to be feared lest the Queen Mother,
under pretext of making peace, may spin out the time, whilst
the King strengthens himself with foreign soldiers, and by
protracting the war so impoverish the others that they cannot
pay their wages, and so many will desert to him, for faith
and piety are scarce with men who follow the trade of war.
—Strasbourg, 27 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 4.
|Jan. 28.||1969. Dr. Man to Cecil.|
|1. Yesterday Ruy Gomez declared to him that he had the
King's commandment to participate unto him his meaning in
the imprisonment of the Prince of Spain, which was in sum to
|2. Whereas the King had of long time borne with great
disorders and disobedient and outrageous dealing of the Prince
towards all persons, and namely towards himself and others
of his Council; considering His Majesty's duty not only for
the good instruction and reformation of his son, but also having a careful eye to the good government of his realm, of which
he is his right heir, and immediate successor; finding in him
daily many naughty, notorious, and insufferable parts, and
having heretofore attempted all gentle means and ways of
warning, he is now compelled, seeing no other hope of remedy,
to use this sharp and straight kind of chastisement in keeping him sequestrate as a prisoner for a time, hoping thereby
somewhat to mollify the extremity of his stubborn stomach,
and to reduce him to better conformity and humane behaviour.
Wherein as His Majesty shall see certain hope of good amendment, he means to relent and deal with him accordingly. Ruy
Gomez willed him not to credit the common rumours and
heedless talk spread abroad, for that this is only His Majesty's
|3. Man answered that the Queen would be right sorry
that such grief should grow to the King, and that he thought
the King had done very circumspectly in sequestrating the
Prince, considering the great enormities and insufferable
attempts he had gone about of late, which if he had borne
withal a little longer, would have bred greater unquietness in
some of His Majesty's estates than could well be borne; and
therefore the King had no remedy but to do as he had done,
or else to abide some strange and sudden adventure. Ruy
Gomez said he was very glad to hear Man say so. "And
surely to say to you that I know by some proof and experience I never dealt with a more dissolute, desperate, and unconversable person, and therefore think it was high time to
cut him shorter of his liberty, or else, &c."|
|4. In the first of his confinement he was put into fetters,
but that continued not long. He is removed to the tower
where Francis the French King was kept prisoner, and a very
sure guard set upon it, all his retinue discharged out of the
Court, and no person suffered to come at him but five, of
whom Ruy Gomez is the chief, and lies in the lodging where
the Prince lay before. The King will not yet appoint any
assembly of Cortes, but has sent to every grandee and
head of religion a schedule giving them notice that he has
committed the Prince to prison for great and weighty causes,
which he will disclose unto them hereafter.—Madrid, 28 Jan.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2½.
|Jan. 29.||1970. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.|
|1. The Prince of Conde understanding divers rumours were
sown abroad that nearly touched his allegiance, caused certain
schedules to be spread abroad in the King's camp, importing
that he never meant to attempt anything against His Majesty's
person, but that his assembly in arms was for two causes: the
first for the maintenance of the Edict of Pacification, and the
other for the advancement of the nobility in France, which was
now oppressed by certain strangers and petty companions about
the King; since which time divers of the King's camp have
retired them home. There has of late a great "garr" fallen
out in the King's camp, as that divers of the nobility going
to dinner to Mons. De Mirru, Colonel of the Switzers, after
dinner, as their manner is, he taking a glass of water to wash
his mouth, threw the same in sport and hit his uncle Mons.
De Villiers, and with the glass cut his ear. Whereupon, when
they were risen, De Villiers with the end of his cloak hit
Mirru on the face, saying pleasantly, "The devil take the fool."
But this thus passed betwixt them in sport. On their going
to Mons. D'Anjou's chamber he said, "Masters, you have made
great cheer, and you M. De Mirru have received a blow;"
whereupon he answered that if any in France, not being of
blood royal, offered to strike him he would thrust his dagger
into him. Martigues standing by replied, Marry, you received
one, whereupon, often affirmed by the one and denied by the
other, in the end Mirru told him he said not true. With
that Martigues struck him on the breast, and Mirru drew his
dagger to have stricken him, but that Mons. D'Anjou took
him in his arms, and other noblemen laying hands on Martigues kept them asunder. The next day the Switzers reporting it a dishonour to have their colonel struck, put themselves
in arms, and came in order towards Martigues' lodging, where
he with his Bretons and Guiscards stood ready to receive
them, but Monsieur and divers others of the nobility seeing
the danger caused them both to desist, and the King has sent
to have these differences taken up.—Paris, 29 Jan. 1568.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
|2. P.S.—Peace is again treated of. The Chief President being
suspected to be a great let to the making of the peace, coming
somewhat late from the Court, was accompanied by four
gentlemen, all strangers, who advised him to deal uprightly
in these matters, or else he should repent it. They of Rochelle
fortify the town day and night. The Queen has entered into
great jealousy of the Parisians, fearing that they will work
somewhat against her. The King has kept his chamber these
four days past.—Paris, 29 Jan. 1568. Signed.|
On a separate piece of paper. Pp. 2.
|Jan. 30.||1971. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|Encloses a note of divers things wanting at Berwick,
especially match.—Berwick, 30 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
Add. Endd. P. 1.
|Jan. 30.||1972. Stores for Berwick.|
|Elm timber, 20 tons; iron, 8 tons; match, 2,000 weight;
bows, 1,000; copper plate, 2 cwt. Signed: John Bennett.|
|Jan. 30.||1973. Sir William Drury to Cecil.|
|1. Murray has sent a herald to the Lord Fleming for the
delivery of Dumbarton Castle, for that he understands that
the Bishop of St. Andrew's minds to furnish the same with
victuals. The razing of Dunbar is stayed, in respect that the
master carpenter who should demolish it demands 2,000l.
Scots. The Inch is already taken down. The Bishop of
Dunkeld is delivered out of ward. Lord Seton offers for
agreement between him and Francis Douglas 600 marks
Scottish. The Earl of Murray's allowance for his diets is to
be 20l. Scots by the day; and the Queen and King as much
equally divided between them. Encloses the answer to the
bill set up against the Regent, and also the names of such
Scotchmen as are dwelling in the East Marches.—Berwick,
30 Jan. 1567. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—Is now in hand finding out such Englishmen as
have paid rent unto Scotchmen dwelling in Scotland, which is
called "blake meale," or black rent, which has been in
many places of these parts used.|
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
|Jan. 31.||1974. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.|
|Sends advices from Rome of the 24th inst., and from Vienna
of the 22nd; also news from Poland and the Court of France.
—Venice, 31. Jan. 1568. Signed.|
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 2¼.
|Jan. 31.||1975. The Queen to the Regent Murray.|
|Has caused certain of her Council to hear Nichol Elphinstone, and upon report made by them of his charge, she caused
such answer to be made as in honour and reason she thought
Draft in Cecil's writing. Endd. P. 1.
|Jan.||1976. Armies of the French King and the Prince of Conde.|
|1. Army of the King, 20,600 horsemen, and 10,000 Swiss
footmen. The numbers of the other footmen are not set
|2. Conde's army, footmen, 13,000; horsemen, 11,900,
whereof reiters 6,200.|
Endd. Pp. 4.
|Jan.||1977. Order of St. Michael.|
|List of the names of ninety-six gentlemen made knights of
the Order of St. Michael in January 1568.|
Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan.||1978. Payment of Troops in France.|
|1. Account of the sums of money paid to troops, native
and foreign, in the French King's service during the month
of January 1568, amounting to 987,052 livres, or 116,646l. 9s.
The amounts reduced from French to English money by
Cecil. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Jan.||1979. The East Marches.|
|List of officers with their salaries, and regulations for the
governing the East Marches and garrisoning the castles
therein; also the distance in miles between different castles.|
Endd.: The opinion of the Lord Treasurer, but not followed. Pp. 18.