|Oct. 2.||709. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. The Queen favours Lennox, whose coming is not misliked;
there is no despair but that he and the Duke may be agreed,
whereunto Murray seems to be well minded. The Duke
prepares to come to the Court with a great company, which
Lennox would have away, as well as the Earl. The abstinence of meeting grew by the wilfulness of Cessford, which
is now compounded as well as a Scottish promise can make
|2. They must take up the Northumberland men, for lack of
others, which is against the Queen's orders.|
|3. It is thought in Scotland that if the English stand stiff
they shall do what they will there. Has received the Queen's
letters, concerning the debatable grounds, and their Lordships'
touching the 2,000l.—Berwick, 2 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's Secretary. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 2.||710. Advices out of Italy.|
|1. Messina, 2 Oct. A company of Christian galley slaves
appertaining to Aly Cialy, a Greek renegade, have slain their
captain and ninety Turks, about Chio, whence they came to
Messina in nine days. Their number is 181.|
|2. Rome, 19 Oct. The Duke of Mantua has arrived at La
Vigna de Italy, received by Cardinals Borromeo and Altemps,
and all the gentlemen of the Pope's family. He is lodged in
the palace, and the saying is that he will from thence to
Naples. The news of the death of the Cardinal de St. Fiore
has much displeased the court. The abbey of Chianelle
which he had (worth 10,000 crowns by the year) is given to
Cardinal Altemps. The rest of his preferments are bestowed
on the Bishop of Parma, who is like to be made Cardinal.
It is thought that the Pope will make 100,000 crowns by the
sale of the Chamberlainship. King Philip's army having
achieved the enterprise of Pigñon de Velez, has returned to
Carthagena. The town of Avignon presented the King with
a cup of gold of the value of 4,000 crowns and 200 medals
of gold, each weighing two crowns, and to the Queen Mother
a like cup with 100 medals; also to the King a hat garnished
with jewels to the value of 400 crowns.|
|3. Vienna, 11 Oct. The Emperor has made great cheer to
the Ambassadors of Venice. The confirmation of the treaty
of marriage between the Emperor and Transylvania is daily
looked for. A battle is looked for between the King of
Poland and the Muscovite.|
Endd. by Mason: 21 Oct. 1564. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 3.||711. Gurone Bertano to [Cecil].|
|The Emperor Maximilian is as urgent as his father was
with the Pope to permit the marriage of priests, which he
has enforced with many arguments. The Pope hesitates and
wishes to give time for consideration.—Rome, 3 Oct. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 3.
Keith, ii. 234.
|712. Memorial for Randolph.|
|1. He shall give the following reasons for the long stay of
her answer:—That she has intelligence out of France that
news had come out of Scotland of the particular offers she had
made to her for her marriage, and how she would direct
herself by the advice of her other friends; which being meant
by Mary to be secretly dealt in, the Queen finds strange. The
Queen complains of the answer of the Queen of Scots to her
request for the coming thither of Lennox, and of Lethington's
letters in the same matter. Both Lord Robert and Cecil have
written to Murray and Lethington complaining of this
oblique dealing in the matter of Lennox, but have had no
answer. In the meantime hears that her subjects, especially
on the East and Middle Marches, had knowledge that the
Scottish wardens had commandment secretly from the Court
not to use diligence in the administration of justice to her
subjects, and that at their next meeting they had refused
directly without colour to answer justice in manifest causes.|
|2. Has prorogued her Parliament, meaning to have no
assembly wherein the interest of the Queen of Scots might
be called in question. Is determined to continue her former
motion, and appoints Randolph to attend the Earl of
Bedford to commune hereupon with any person whom she
shall name. He is to return to Berwick, and upon conference
with the Earl agree upon some time and place convenient.|
Copy, one of a series. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 4.||713. Draft of the above.—4 Oct. 1564.|
In Cecil's hol., and endd. and dated by him. Pp. 8.
|Oct. 4.||714. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. Wishes that Cecil had written to him what point they
were at with Antwerp, and how Lord Arundel fell to give
over his staff, and is in displeasure of the Queen.|
|2. Their designs here are two. One of the Papists, to reduce
by all means all to the Papistry again. Others travail to give
the Gospel more liberty. In this realm the Italian and
Papist leaders would break the amity between England and
Scotland, or bring that realm into full subjection to Papistry.
The Earl of Murray and other lords are of the contraband,
and do what they can to interrupt this their design and
purpose; he has an eye to these things. The Bishop of
Glasgow is here well entertained, no ambassador greater.
He is now more a Papist, and has reason, for his profession
and living is thereby. He has an abbey in Poitiers, which is
of great rent to him, and his bishopric in Scotland is wholly
reserved to him. He has hither despatches often, and so
much as may be from Scotland and France to Rome. What
practice they have he (Cecil) can guess, if Murray and they of
the Congregation there have any eye to his doings, and good
espials here. He is wise, and they too negligent. The
marriage of the Queen of Scotland troubles them, as that
whereupon they make their surest anchor. What they talk
of Lord Robert or of the Earl of Warwick, and most of
all of the Prince of Spain, to marry her, is but their talk
and bruit. They mind two marriages for her; one with
the Earl of Arran, with compact to change his religion,
and to revenge himself upon Murray and others of the
religion as authors of his imprisonment (and this the
Queen Mother would gladly have), the other with the young
Duke of Guise, and of this the two Cardinals and all
their kind are most earnest. It is possible the Queen Mother
would not be so glad of that marriage, as making that house
of Guise stronger, which is too strong already in France to be
well ruled. John Baptista, whom they sent into Scotland,
is sick in London; they would fain have him come or see
his despatch. Now they are in most fear that there should
be a privy practice betwixt Lennox and the Queen to marry
his son. She was before computed to have a good mind to
the said young Duke or to the Earl. They fear that she is
inclined to this last offer of Lennox's, and take it concluded.
—Avignon, 1 Oct. 1564.|
|3. P.S.—M. de Sevre prayed him in behalf of Oliver
Sterley, Knight of Rhodes, who is in Malta He is desirous
to return into England, and be a faithful subject to her.
He is in credit amongst them of the Council of Malta,
and has the watch of the isle. He is chief of the English
there. Asks Cecil to show favour to the bearer, Mr. Andrew
Beton, brother to the Bishop of Glasgow, ambassador here, who
desires to make speed to Scotland.—Avignon, 4 Oct. 1564.
Orig., portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. by
Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 4.||715. Another copy of the above, without the P.S. Dated Oct. 2.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Sent to Mr.
Secretary by Mr. Andrew Beetone. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 5.||716. The Duke of Savoy to the Queen.|
|The French King's determination to send the collar of his
order to the Lord Robert furnishes the writer with a favourable opportunity to visit the Queen.—Avignon, 5 Oct. Signed:
Orig. Add. Endd: The Constable of France to the
Queen, by Malvisiere. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 5.||717. Smith to Cecil.|
|Recommends his man, Tho. Cheveley.—Avignon, 5 Oct.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
Labanoff, i. 237.
|718. The Queen of Scots to the Queen.|
|Prays her to grant letters of safe conduct and passport
to David Allane, to pass and repass to France for one year.—
Holyrood, 6 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Broadside.
|Oct. 6.||719. The Queen to Bedford and Randolph.|
|Commission to treat with the Commissioners of Scotland, on
the affairs of the Borders.—6 Oct. 1564.|
Draft in Cecil's hol. Endd. 6 Oct. 1564. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 6.||720. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Captain Preger's sight not serving him well, he is willing
to leave his pension to the bearer, the writer's servant,
Henry Astell.—Berwick, 6 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|Oct. 6.||721. John Rudyord to Challoner.|
|Has received advertisement from Mr. Francis, his brother,
that Robert Farnham is behind with his reckoning. Keeps
his rents until he advertises him to whose hands he should
repay the same.—London, 6 Oct, 1564. Signed.|
Orig. with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received by
Mr. Burlace. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 6.||722. Hugh Tipton to Challoner.|
|Is informed from the court and Safra, that Roger Bodman
is with him, who writes he has caused him to stay and not
to present the proofs of their suit which they have there until
he [Challoner] has answer from the count of Feria. Neither
Bodman nor the rest of the nation in these parts have
showed the English much favour.—Seville, 6 Oct. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 7.||723. Instructions for Bedford and Randolph.|
|1. Nothing is more meet for the profit of the two realms
than to have the Queen of Scots married to some of the noble
blood of this realm, and amongst all she can see none for her
own contentation meeter, nor for that more apt, than one
whom for his noble gifts she esteems meet to be bestowed
in the company of Kings or Princes; for if he were not born
her subject, but had happened to have been as nobly born
under some other prince, as he is under her, she thinks
the world should have as well perceived this, her
estimation of him in deeds, as she notifies to Queen
Mary in words. The person is Lord Robert Dudley, whom
she has lately authorized to be Earl of Leicester, whose
conditions, qualities, and virtues are able to make a nobleman. And Randolph can tell how far this motion has passed.
Her earnest desire is that her sister might content herself
|2. For persuasion whereof they may use these reasons, viz.,
that nothing can more conserve the amity betwixt these
two nations than that she may marry with one of this nation.
Seeing they two cannot be joined by marriage, the second
degree to make them and their realms happy is that
Mary marry him whom Elizabeth favours and loves as her
|3. The respects thereof are not particularly for his commodity, or for hers, but therewith are joined such advantages
for her sister as she knows not how by any other person
she should have the like. Of what account Mary makes of
Elizabeth's amity to continue she may, by accepting him,
make most assurance. What favour of her subjects towards
her interest she would look for in her marriage, she shall find
no one greater elsewhere for the nobility of his house
and connexion in blood with the greater part of her nobility.
Reminds her of the favour he has by his own merits gotten
of a great multitude. Besides this, he shall bring with him
no controversy of title. Lastly, whatsoever pleasure she
could show to her with any other as her brother or cousin
German, she means to show it with him.|
|4. If the Scotch shall press Bedford and Randolph to know
what Elizabeth will do concerning establishing Mary's title,
(who claims to be her next cousin and heir,) they may well
say that they see no way in her power more likely to further
it than this; for first, by thus dealing against such as further
contrary claims, Mary may see how well Elizabeth means
to further the justice of her title. And further, that she
prefers him to be a partaker of all her fortunes, who, if it
might be in her power, Elizabeth would make owner or heir
of her own kingdom.|
|5. If they shall require of what sufficiency she will make
Lord Robert for his private estate, they shall say she has
already begun to advance him both to honour and livelihood,
and therein means not to deal sparingly with him. And this
also shall most content her that if she, Mary, shall be conversant with her, Elizabeth, in this realm, and living with
her, she will gladly bear the charges of the family, both of
the Earl of Leicester, and her, as shall be meet for one sister
to do for another.|
|6. In this manner may they treat with the commissioners;
and in anywise to obtain of them as many requests as they
will make, and by reasoning with them reduce them to
as few as they can, and to the meanest estate and conditions that they may, and to omit no means to understand
whether this offer is like to take place. For if they shall
see the contrary, she would then the less communication to
be had, and some other way devised for amity to continue
betwixt them, as necessary it is for both their people; and
upon that part she prays them to stay themselves, and as
cause shall arise certify her of their doings.|
Draft in Cecil's hol. Endd.: 7 Oct. 1564. Pp. 8.
|Oct. 7.||724. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. Received on the 2nd inst. the Queen's letters for deferring
the meeting with the Commission of Scotland for the division
of the debatable grounds till Randolph comes, whom he looks
for daily. Application for money for the men here.|
|2. On Monday, the 9th inst., he will meet Cessford at
Ridingborne. Magill comes also for the furtherance of justice.
—Berwick, 7 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 7.||725. Challoner to the Queen.|
|1. Wrote to her on 27th ult. The Queen Catholic is perfectly amended and the Prince of Spain is well. Yesternight
and this forenoon the funerals of the late Emperor were here
celebrated by the King, with no very great solemnity; for
excepting the King, the Prince, and certain gentlemen (in
all not eighty), the rest wore no dole. The Nuncio, the
Ambassadors of France, Portugal, and Venice, more than ten
days past, were required solemnly to be present at the
exequies, but of him not a word. Since his being here the feast
of her order has not been kept, where yearly the feast of
the order of France has not been pretermitted. On Monday
next the King and Prince depart hence, in a manner of progress, to pass a month or six weeks in hunting. Asks her to
provide for this place a new broom to sweep cleaner, for he
is worn to the stumps.—Madrid, 7 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
|2. P. S.—The talk here of the tumult in Ireland, touched in
his last, is converted among some here to the north of England. The new Emperor, by his Ambassador here, urges a
direct resolution on the marriage of the Prince with his
daughter. They here drive the matter at length to win
Orig., portions in Challoner's hol., and portions in cipher,
deciphered. Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
|Oct. 7.||726. Challoner to Cecil.|
|Wrote on 27th ult. Writes now by Gamboa, who is sent
to Mme. De Parma with news of her son's amendment, who
of late here has been dangerously sick. If he knew whether
Queen Elizabeth minds the return of their merchants to
Antwerp or no, and with what conditions, perchance he could
have supplied here a great piece of this traverse, where it
sticks most. The Spanish Ambassador in England has every
fortnight or three weeks advices, and the writer none for half
a year together. Wishes, therefore, this room to another of
better credit and fortune, being thus disgraced as no ambassador in this Court is the like. Prays him to help him hence.
—Madrid, 7 Oct 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol, with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|Oct. 7.||727. Copy of the above.|
Endd. by Challoner: Per Artus. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 7.||728. Challoner to Farnham.|
|Since his of the 26th August last has received none from
him, yet daily expects to hear from the Queen as to his revocation, seeing that Goldwell arrived at Exeter on the 10th
ult. If Hoker writes to him for more money than ten pounds
(which in his last he wrote him to pay), bids him send 10l.
on account. Various details as to money matters.—Madrid,
7 Oct. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: Per Gamboa, sent to Clough.
|Oct. 7.||729. George Goldwell to Challoner.|
|At Somosierro, his horse being tired, he bought a new one.
The postmaster of that place told him he had then horsed one
of his [Challoner's] servants, named Anthony, with letters for
him.—Saint Sebastian, 7 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 8.||730. The Queen to the Queen Mother.|
|Has lately understood by M. De Foix the King's intention
to gratify her with a singular argument of his good will.
Circumstances here move her to desire some delay herein.|
Hol. Draft by Cecil, and endd. by his secretary: 8 Oct.
1564. P. 1.
|Oct. 8.||731. [The Queen of Navarre] to the French Ambassador.|
|A vessel having been pillaged by an English ship, begs that
he will procure its restitution.—Vendôme, 8 Oct. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 8.||732. Tipton to Challoner.|
|Writes by Richard Baret, who carries with him a provance in favour of the English merchants, in whose behalf he
asks Challoner to intercede with the King.—Seville, 8 Oct.
Orig. Add. by Challoner. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 9.||733. Randolph to Cecil.|
|Writes by the bearer with the two inclosed letters. The
man for whom they are suitors was condemned (and, as he
believes, worthily) for piracy. In respect that he was a
stranger, execution was deferred, and since that time his
pardon granted, or at the least a letter sent to Sir John Parot
for his deliverance. Trusts that the Queen will give order
for his liberty.—Huntingdon, 9 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 9.||734. The Queen to Smith.|
|The French Ambassador here has declared to her the
nomination to the Order of St. Michael, and the acceptation
of Lord Robert Dudley thereto, which nomination she has
gratefully accepted; and the Ambassador having required her
to intimate this to the French King, which she now requires
may be done by Smith, she wishes that proceedings herein
were stayed for the present, or to commit the nomination
generally to any one whom hereafter she shall signify. If
pressed, for a reason, he shall say that she would not have
Lord Robert burdened by way of calumniation and envy.
Herein he shall use his wisdom.|
Copy. Endd.: 9 Oct. 1564. Pp. 7.
|Oct. 9.||735. Another copy of the above.|
Copy. Endd. Pp. 4.
Labanoff, i. 239.
|736. The Queen of Scots to the Queen.|
|Prays her to grant a passport to William Lockhart, burgess
of Ayr, and two in company, to trade in England.—Holyrood,
10 Oct. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Broadside.
|Oct. 11.||737. Pacification at Avignon.|
|Articles of pacification for those of the religion in Venaissin
and Avignon agreed to by the ministers of the Pope and those
of the Prince of Orange. Signed by the Vicelegate, the
Bishop of Fermo, and Fabritio Serbellione.|
Copy. Fr. P. 1.
|Oct. 11.||738. Donatus Rullus to Mason.|
|Desires a copy of a letter of Cardinal Pole in the form of
an apology to Paul IV. It is in a cabinet of the Cardinal,
which on his death came to Cecil, who promised him a copy.
Has not been able to give him one on account of the absence
of Sir N. Throckmorton, into whose hands the writings and
cabinet of the said Cardinal have passed.—Padua, 11 Oct.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: Donato Rullo to Sir N. Throkmorton [sic]. Ital. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 13.||739. Bedford to Cecil.|
|They here must break the Queen's order, as the meetest
labourers to be soldiers are either all or most of Northumberland. The men that are discharged of the works and not
entertained as soldiers cry out for money. Had at the last
meeting with Cessford, the 9th inst., justice done, whereat
was Magill. Lord James is made lieutenant by the Queen and
the lords.—Berwick, 13 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 13.||740. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Has received the enclosed, whereby Cecil shall see the
restoring of Lennox, and that Murray is chosen LieutenantGeneral, but he is not yet proclaimed. They think much of
the stay of meeting for the debatable grounds.—Berwick,
13 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 14.||741. Tydo Van Knepena to Mr. Needham.|
|1. The Earl Edzart of Emden (fn. 1) has been with Count
Christopher of Oldenburg, and was well received. Count
Christopher thinks that the Duke of Cleves will give him no
council against King Philip and the Duchess of Parma, by
reason that he has yearly 10,000 crowns pension of the said
King. The King of the Romans has promised to be their
friend. The Earls Christopher and John of Emden have of
the Palsgrave and the Marquis of Brandenburg very good
answer, and are willing to further the handling between the
merchants of Emden and England. The King of the Romans
has confirmed the privileges.|
|2. Touching the alliance between the Queen, the Palsgrave,
the Marquis of Brandenburg, and the rest, the Earls Christopher and John of Emden think good to follow it; but before
they break it unto any they would know if the Queen thinks
that the King of France would enter into the same, when
they would move the matter to the Palsgrave elect and the
rest. They desire that he should learn from Cecil and the
Earl of Leicester what hope there is of the French King;
that at this day of meeting (where the King of the Romans
shall be put in the Emperor's place, where all the rest of the
amity will be also,) it will be good to practise this matter.|
|3. The writer can come thither with one or two of the
Lady of Emden's people to further all things. With the
Kings of Denmark and Sweden there is great variance,
the former waxes weary for lack of money. Begs that the
Earls of Oldenburg and John of Emden may know how their
matter stands with the Queen.—Emden, 14 Oct. 1564.|
Orig. Endd. by Cecil: A letter to Mr. Needham from
Embden. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 14.||742. Challoner to Preston and Holidaye.|
|Has received the appellation of Oliver Harris and the other
four condemned men. Encloses the King's schedula commanding the process original to be sent up to the Council.
Desires further instructions and a copy of the original process.
—Madrid, 14 Oct. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: M. of the letter to Preston and
Holidaye at Stephen Samson's. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 14.||743. English Shipping in Spain.|
|Schedula of King Philip II. requiring the Corregidor of
Guipuscoa to send up the process of the prisoners from St.
Sebastian.—Madrid, 11 Oct. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Span. P. 1. (fn. 2)
|Oct. 15.||744. Works at Berwick.|
|Estimate of the charges for the works at Berwick from
Oct. 15, 1564, to Feb. 3, 1565, amounting to 1,650l. 6s. 7d.|
Orig. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 15.||745. Leonard Chilton to Challoner.|
|The bearer can inform him as to the ships and masters
still under arrest to Don Alvaro. The three that remain
will be sold for nothing shortly.—Cadiz, 15 Oct. 1564.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 16.||746. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. When he arrived at Berwick he found there Archibald
Graham attending upon an answer of letters he brought from
the Lords of the Council touching his suit. Sir John Foster
has answered the said letters, as he thinks to their Honours'
|2. Here he met the bearer, Lord Lennox's servant, hasting
to the Court. He will not tell how many of his master's
men went unto the mass until such time as friendly advice
of those that wish Lennox well, caused him to look better
unto such disorder, as the whole town speaks thereof.—Dunbar,
16 Oct. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary: 16 Oct. 1564.
|Oct. 16.||747. Meliadus Spinola to Challoner.|
|Apologises for not having written to him from Medina del
Campo. Has applied to the Commendator, as Challoner
wished him to do.—Vallidolid, 16 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd by Challoner. Ital.
|Oct. 18.||748. Challoner to the Countess De Feria.|
|Recommends a mode of settling the dispute between
Bodenham and Tipton, viz., to divide the stake between
them. Does not write to the Count at this time. Hopes to
make a start to Zaphra.—Madrid, 18 Oct. 1564.|
Orig. Draft in Challoner's hol. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 18.||749. Challoner to Mrs. Stradling.|
|Has answered the Countess's letters, to which for haste
he refers her. Desires her to continue her favour to
Bodenham, her kinsman, that the contention atwixt him and
Tipton may be ended.—Madrid, 18 Oct. 1564.|
Draft in Challoner's hol., and endd. by him: With a
letter to the Countess De Feria. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 19.||750. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Two thousand pounds are come to Newcastle; the writer will
stretch it as far as it can go. They will soon need more for
the full pay of the soldiers and the works. Lee repairs home
till spring.—Berwick, 19 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 19.||751. Smith to the Queen.|
|Hers, dated at St. James's on the 23rd ult., he received the
19th inst., and the same night sent to have audience. The
next day when it was appointed, (as the Queen Mother
was not well,) was required to declare what he had to say to
the Council. Both the Pope's and King Philip's Ambassadors
had audience that day. The Council was full, all being
present save the Constable, who lies sick of the gout. Discussed the four points whereof the Ambassador resident in
England had made complaints, viz., of the prisoners in general,
of the intercourse of merchandise, of depredations, and of particular prisoners, to which the English Council had answered
in writing. Discussion on these points.—Avignon, 19 Oct.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 12.
|Oct. 20.||752. English Shipping in Spain.|
|Testimonial respecting the English shipping seized by
Don Alvaro De Baçan.—Cadiz, 20 Oct. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. Span. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 21.||753. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Oswald Muschaunce, and certain of the "Walles" dwelling
in the uttermost frontiers of the East Marches having suits
in the Court of Wards, as they cannot be well spared (the
nights being long and the thieves of Scotland like to do ill),
the bearer is sufficiently authorized to answer their causes in
the said Court.—Berwick, 21 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Injured by damp. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 21.||754. Smith to the Queen.|
|1. Although he had sent letters to her by Mr. Andrew
Beton, brother to the Bishop of Glasgow, Ambassador for the
Queen of Scots here (dated the 2nd inst.), yet now being
advertised that the Rhinegrave shall bring it, and on that
sort and condition as he wrote to her, and that De Mauvissier
shall also come with him from the Queen Mother with certain
attires of divers nations, set upon puppets to show her, he
thought it not amiss for these two reasons to send expressly.
Wrote to Mr. Secretary on the 2nd inst. Matters now grow
daily more and more to the calm.|
|2. The King would not depart hence until he had made an
agreement betwixt the subjects of the Prince of Orange and
those of the Pope, touching such as were in doubt amongst
themselves for diversity of religion. By the articles she may
perceive that the King had care also of others, and has provided a certain liberty of religion, even to the Pope's own
subjects, which he has had much difficulty in obtaining.|
|3. The King is marvellously in debt, all men are evilly
paid, and the realm poorer than some men would think, not
only of money but also of credit. Such are the wars nowadays that a small war consumes a rich prince, which is now
the greatest occasion that the peace is so well kept.—Tarascon,
21 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 21.||755. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. Is sorry he was diseased in his eyes. It grieves him
more that everybody says here that he goes to the Emperor,
and for another matter than to condole or congratulate;
and he shall be well yoked.|
|2. It is well done to make funerals of the Emperor. They
are here half Papists and more, and yet they do no such thing.|
|3. Of the twenty-two men Smith brought over with him
he has (now the bearer is in England) but two; the rest are
either buried in France, or else sent into England.|
|4. The Prince of Condé, the Admiral, and all of that faction
since the Court was at Chalons, and the peace made with
them, have never come to the Court; and of the "Curterobe" knows of none of the Council that favours religion
but M. De Ourselle. The Chancellor sustains the Huguenots. They carry the King about this country now mostly
to see the ruins of the churches and religious houses done
by the Huguenots in this last war. They suppress the losses
and hurts which the Huguenots have suffered. M. Danville
is reputed to have the room of the late Duke of Guise,
and is taken for the most zealous champion of the Romanists,
and is complained of to have exercised great cruelty of late
against the poor ministers of the Word of God in his
government of Languedoc. All the lusty captains of the
Papists hang upon him and the Constable, who now bears
a great stroke in the Court. But the Bishop of Orleans and
De L'Aubespine are esteemed most in credit with the Queen.
The most part of Dauphine is of the religion, and have their
ministers in every town. In Province as yet they have no
exercise of their religion, but it is not destitute of them that
favour it. In Languedoc, at Montpelier and Nismes, they
have ministers and preaching and in some other towns. Of
these matters has sent him a book made and printed at
Avignon, which tells of the late wars. It lacks wit, order,
and truth, and is not in good French.—Tarascon, 21 Oct. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary: By
Mr. Sadler. Pp. 5.
|Oct. 21.||756. The Duchess of Parma to the Queen.|
|Desires her favour for Dr. Ambrose sent to England by
certain merchants of Antwerp to prosecute their claims for
losses sustained by English pirates.—Brussels, 21 Oct. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Fr. Broadside.
|Oct. 24.||757. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Arrived here on Thursday last. Next day at the
sermon he met such of the Lords as he had most to do with.
With Murray and Lethington he had almost two hours' talk.
They had liberty to say what they would, as well why the
answer to their last message by him was deferred, as also of
the occasion of the late unkindness betwixt their mistresses,
and of the suspicion that was risen between them. They
also fell to talk of the book. Two ways they were grieved,
one that the authors and supporters thereof received so slight
punishment; the other that by no means a copy thereof might
be had. Willed Lethington not to make over great account
of his party with the English, except he had greater assurance than Welche could make him, who said that all Papists
in England were this Queen's own. With these words they
grew both into further choler than wisdom led them. They
agreed in the end that no way was better, either for his
mistress or for her country, than to seek it that way which
they had begun. Well, said Murray, what had he [Randolph] now brought? Many grievous complaints, quoth
Randolph, of the Queen of Scots' injuries done to his mistress, wherein he thought that neither he nor Lethington
could purge themselves. He reckoned unto them the effect
of all that he had in his instructions, and remained longest
in the matter of the Earl of Lennox. Lethington said that
they were both more bound to the Queen than any common
bond of amity. They have their country, their liberty, and
their lives, which they acknowledge to enjoy by her, with
the loss of many of her people and great consumption of
her treasures. He alleged that the earnestness of his writing to him [Cecil] was but a signification of his desire that
the matter propounded should be continued, lest the long
delays in handling this matter might breed suspicion that
nothing was intended.|
|2. Dined that day with Lennox. The house where he
lodges is well hanged, two chambers very well furnished,
one specially rich, and a fair bed, with a passage made
through the wall to come the next way into the Court
when he wills. He saw him honourably used of all men,
and that the Queen liked his behaviour. There dined with
him the Earl of Athol, in whom he reposes singular trust.
They are seldom asunder, saving when the Lennox is at
sermon. There was also his brother the Bishop of Caithness,
a Protestant, who sometimes preaches. His cheer is great,
and his household many, though he has dispatched divers of
his train away. He finds occasions to disburse money very
fast, and of his 700l. he brought with him is sure that much
is not left. He gave the Queen a marvellous fair and rich jewel,
whereof there is made no small account, a (fn. 3) clock and a dial
curiously wrought and set with stones, and a looking glass
very richly set with stones in the four metals. To Lethington a very fair diamond in a ring; to the Earl of
Athol another, as also to his wife he knows not what. To
divers others somewhat, but to Murray nothing. He pre-
sented also each of the Marys with pretty things. The
bruit is here that Lady Lennox and Lord Darnley are coming. There is here a marvellous good liking of the young
|3. Word was brought him after dinner that the Queen
tarried his coming. Lennox went with him to the Court.
Found with the Queen the most of her nobles that were in
town. The Queen's commendations and letters were thankfully received. She heard with good patience what he had
to say, never interrupting him, though he perceived that
some things discontented her in his speech. She said that
she understood that there has been some great grief in the
Queen's mind since he departed hence; and she promised him
she herself had been as much grieved to see that any occasion should chance why they should not so continue. She
was not able, she said, to answer every word he had said,
but she asked him what occasion her good sister has to be
angry with her, if the secresy of her marriage be disclosed by
her own ministers ? As if she would name them she could,
and also have in writing their talk in the French Court at
the swearing of the peace. She would not say (quoth she)
whether it were the Lord of Hunsdon or any of his
company; but she assured him that John Baptista came
over with the novels to her, which she found very strange,
and was loth that any of her private doings with her good
sister should come to such a man's knowledge, whereas
she herself kept it secret from many of her friends there.
She showed herself discontented with his coming with such
a message, and gladder to have him dispatched than she has
been accustomed to any of that country. And for the French
Ambassador she prayed him how long it was since she told him
that he (the Ambassador) had got knowledge out of France,
that this matter was known there by the French Ambassador's
advertisement to the Queen Mother, whereof she showed him
the letter. She said that she and those about her can keep
counsel, and that he did her wrong to charge her therewith.|
|4. Seeing her in this somewhat earnest, he would not move
her too far, but said that this was a matter that might move
suspicion; but the Queen had commanded him rather to
speak this as a warning, that matters between them might
secretly be handled in time to come. Well, said she, for
Lennox's coming home, why did he say to her that his mistress,
for special care she had of her and her estate, advised her that
it were better he should not come, seeing that she herself was
the first motioner for her to be good to him, which she
could not be without his coming home to restore him to
his own and to agree him with the parties with whom he
was out ? And if that were not, he being of her blood and
name, why should she be so unkind as to refuse him to be
restored to his own country and to stand to his trial, whether
he had right or wrong? He said that his mistress, finding so
many that misliked it, feared that inconvenience might
ensue. Queen Mary said she was willing to take it in
good part if she knew that it was done rather in respect
of herself than any other, who were the solicitors to her
so to hinder her purpose, and that she had granted what
with honour she could not revoke. For Cessford's doings
he (the writer) knew how many times she has been offended
with him and angry with her Council that the Earl of
Bedford was not satisfied. She confessed that Elizabeth has
more cause to be angry with this than any of the rest.|
|5. For the last matter, he talked with her of sending some
to confer with Bedford, to which she said she must commune with her brother and Lethington, as also she prayed
him to do. After this she asked him of his mistress's health,
her pastime, and hunting this last summer, and gave him many
good words, blaming him somewhat for his long absence.
She asked by name almost for every nobleman that haunts
the Court, and what ladies there were. She willed him to
be no more stranger than he was wont, and to thank her
sister for the usage of Melvin, as also Lord Robert for his
cheer unto him. After having thus taken his leave of her, he
saluted divers ladies that stood about in his mistress's name.|
|6. The next day, Saturday, he understood that the Lords
would be occupied the whole day about a murder committed
by some of the Eliots upon certain Scots, and that also
the Queen would not come forth that day. He neither
spoke with her nor any of the Lords, who for this matter
kept the Tolbooth until five p.m. There were of the Eliots
and Scots five condemned, and three of them beheaded that
night after eight p.m. at the Castle hill by torchlight.|
|7. On Sunday there was married a daughter of the Justice
Clerk, three miles from Edinburgh, where the most part of
the ladies were. After dinner thither went the Queen and
her four Marys to do honour to the bride. She returned
that night and supped with Lennox, and the writer also. In
the midst of her supper she drank to Queen Elizabeth,
adding these words, "De bon cœur." That night she danced
long, and in a mask; and playing at dice lost Lennox a
jewel of crystal set in gold. The Lords from the bridal went
unto the Lord of Morton's house, where there they have tarried
these two days. Touching the purpose he travails in, what
shall be the end he knows not, nor yet what he may conjecture. To-morrow the Duke will be here, well accompanied.
The next day there will be here again the Earl of Argyle. The
Queen is determined to accord the Earl of Lennox and
the Duke. Much talk there is to what end all this favour
showed to Lennox tends. He is well friended of Lethington,
who is now thought will bear much with the Stewards for
the love he bears to Mary Flemynge, of whom there is more
spoken than yet he finds certain of her marriage. Much
discord there is here between divers noblemen and gentlemen
in divers parts of the country. The Lord Seton and
Lethington, of great friends, are become mortal enemies for
the cause of one Francis Douglas of Longniddery, to whom
Lord Seton has done wrong, and of this bargain is like to
have the worse. The day the writer came here he saw 500
horse assembled to have debated this action with spear,
sword, and jack, had not the Queen sent a discharge to the
parties. In the determination of the lieutenancy to be given
to Murray, there is some alteration of mind in the Queen,
and much thought thereof by Protestants. All pensions
granted by this Queen since her coming are called in, considering how greatly she was charged for small service.
There shall also be a new reformation of the things of the
benefices to be paid to the preachers. The Abbot of Crosraguel is dead, and the Kennedys ready to fall by the ears
for his goods. Mr. George Buchanan has given unto him
by the Queen the whole temporalities of that abbacy. With
the spiritualities he will not meddle, because he cannot preach.
The Queen would have made him an Abbot. The ClanGregor (that in the beginning of last spring went to Ireland),
being pursued here by the authority, (the Earls of Argyle
and Athol having commission to apprehend them), are now
returned into Scotland very poor, and have made means to
the Queen to be received to mercy. Great bruits here of
much harm lately done in Ireland. James Macconel being
lately here (understanding of the writer's coming hither)
left a servant behind to speak with him touching his matters
in Ireland, to what effect he knows not yet. Has done the
Queen's commendations to the Master of Maxwell, and thanked
him for his good will towards Lord Scrope and earnest mind
to justice.—Edinburgh, 24 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 12.
|Oct. 24.||758. Hedley to Randolph.|
|They say that the French are coming thither and that a
great number are ready at Dieppe. Men have devoured the
thanks that Randolph deserved in writing from time to time
the intelligence to the Court, which was purloined from him
by staying his letters here, and sending their own with his
news.—Berwick, 24 Oct. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 25.||759. The Queen to Queen Mary.|
|Whereas she has heretofore, as well by her own letters as
by Randolph, recommended unto her the complaint of William
Clarke and his associates concerning a ship and goods taken
by a French ship through the aid of a number of her subjects,
she again desires that he may have restitution.—St. James's.|
Corrected draft. Endd.: 25 Oct. 1564. For Yarmouth
men. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 25.||760. Intelligences.|
|1. From Rome. Appointment by Cardinal Vitelli to the
Camerlengato. 300 Spaniards have made suit to the Pope
to prolong the execution of the Council in Spain touching residence upon benefices for a time, which he could not
|2. Vienna, 9 Nov. M. De Lansac is arrived. The war in
Transylvania continues. Doctor Vessalius, returning from
Jerusalem, is dead at Zante.|
|3. Cracow. The Lithuanians have had an overthrow.|
|4. Constantinople, 25 Oct. 4,500 houses have been burnt.
An ambassador has arrived from the King of Poland.|
Copy. Endd. by Mason: 19 Nov. Pp. 6.
|Oct. 27.||761. Bedford to the Privy Council.|
|Received 2,000l. towards some payment of the works,
which is distributed. The soldiers being unpaid so long call
upon him as earnestly as the workmen did for money. Asks
for a full pay for them, and that a treasurer and a surveyor
of the victuals be appointed. The town and neighbourhood
are quiet. Leaves news of Scotland to Randolph.—Berwick,
27 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Oct. 27.||762. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Besides the 2,000l. they had for the works must be suitor
for more money to pay the soldiers, who are behind for a
whole year at Michaelmas last. Hears from thence that there
is much ado for caps and surplices. Is sorry to think that the
Church, that already lacks many good pastors, shall now by
this means lose some of those she has already, and such as the
world has a good opinion of, as well for learning and godliness
as for wisdom and other good parts. Fears it will discourage
many and make the Papists rejoice to see it. If it might be
otherwise, in his opinion it would do more good. And for
that, by order of law, new fish days are commanded (for which
he has caused proclamation to be made), this season of the
year serves not for fishing here, and the store was wont to be
had out of the palace, as well of butter and cheese for all
times, as for salt store for these days, where none is now.—
Berwick, 27 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 28.||763. Vitus Wolfius to the Queen.|
|Has been informed by his agent that he delivered his letters
to her, and has been asked whether he had a certain precious
jewel (fn. 4) with him, and whether he could swear that it had
never been offered to any other prince. It was also objected
that he asked too much money, and that if he wanted anything certain to be done, he should first of all send it where
it might be seen. Declares that he acts in good faith, and
offers to send his gem to Amsterdam, Rotterdam, or any other
place she may direct, and exhibit it to the persons she may
appoint.—Dantzic, SS. Simon and Jude, 1564. Signed:
Vitus Wolffius a Souftenberg.|
Copy. Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 28.||764. Another copy of the above.|
Add. Lat. Pp. 4.
|Oct. 28.||765. George Gilpin to Cecil.|
|Such ships as were sent by their Prince in aid of the King
of Spain's armado have their commission to make towards
Cape Virido, and there wait for such English ships as are
gone or shall go towards the Indies; which ships (as they
have advertisements out of England) they say carry masons,
carpenters, smiths, and other workmen, with tools; whereupon they conjecture that some fort is to be made, whence the
going of English ships thither will not be any longer suffered.
They name their armado that goes thither above twenty sail.
Desires his aid for the carrying out of his patent for making
furnaces in England.—Antwerp, 28 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|Oct. 29.||766. Clough to Challoner.|
|In his last told Challoner what money of his he had.
Trusts the controversy between them and this country is
ended. Lord Robert is made Baron of Denbigh and Earl of
Leicester. The plague is sore throughout Germany and Eastland, but it is not in these Low Countries.—Antwerp, 29 Oct.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received by
Arthus. Pp. 3.
|Oct. 31.||767. Francis Peyto to Throckmorton.|
|The Prince of Condé's complaint to the Queen Mother was
in form very humble, yet it insinuated that if no better
regard was had to the Edict of Pacification inconvenience
might follow. The Queen answered that the King sincerely
meant to have it kept, but if those of the religion again
disturbed the realm they should receive just chastisement.
The constable's sickness is reported. The difference between
the Houses of Guise and Châtillon is set forth at large in
print, without name of author or printer. Another treatise
steps a foot further, and maintains by Scripture the lawfulness
of the Duke's death; so Poltrot shall also have his place
among the martyrs. Hears that Throckmorton will shortly
visit Almain. Also of the creation of an Earl of Leicester.
—Paris, 31 Oct. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.