|Nov. 2.||768. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Thanks him for working to get money for a full pay for
them. Mr. Marshall here, having to send thitherward, takes
occasion to commend him and his service here. Randolph
will write to him concerning Walche.—Berwick, 2 Nov. 1564.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 2.||769. Memorial of the French Ambassador.|
|Requests by the French Ambassador, at the command of
his master, to the Queen of England, respecting commerce,
the importation of wines and wood, and the deliverance of
Orig. Endd. by Cecil: 2 Nov. 1564. Fr. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 2.||770. English Shipping in Spain.|
|Notarial copy of a legal paper connected with the English
ships seized by Don Alvaro De Bazan.—Seville, 2 Nov.
Span. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 3.||771. Another document connected with the same transactions.—
Seville, 2 Nov. 1564.|
Span. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 3.||772. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Since his last has conferred twice with Murray and
Lethington, but hitherto they have resolved upon nothing.
Gathers that this Queen will not be hard to show herself
conformable, if she might be assured that whatsoever he had
spoken in the name of Queen Elizabeth were earnestly meant
of her part. But lest it might be thought he had spoken
more than he was commanded, he willed them to mark what
he had said. The effect was only this, that in case this
Queen would follow his mistress's advice in her marriage,
she will proceed to the inquisition of her right with all
favour; and if it falls out in her behalf, upon plain knowledge
whom she [Mary] will marry, the Queen will deal with her
as her sister or daughter. Upon these words they agreed
all. This they thought nothing to any effect, seeing her
right is sufficiently known; but to have that published
might peradventure, said they, move her further than yet
she can conform unto. In this they accorded not. He
said that he had greater cause to doubt what she would do
if that were done than there had been cause to doubt of his
Sovereign's offer. He looked that something should have
been said touching Lord Darnley, of whom no word was
spoken; though here it is in the mouths of all men, that it
is concluded in this Queen's heart, and that Lethington is
wholly bent that way. Has many reasons to the contrary,
as well in the Queen as in Lethington; yet can assure him
of nothing, men's minds are so uncertain.|
|2. Many times since his former letters he has talked with
this Queen, so that many wonder where they get matter to
occupy the time. He makes some believe that lovers never
lack language. She is much inclined to think well of his
sovereign, and (as she says herself) to please her in all things
reasonable, and in her marriage to follow more of her advice
than any other. She says that in forsaking of her friends'
counsel, and following that of Queen Elizabeth, if she should
be deceived, her folly were great, and much dishonour to
her sister. What makes her brother and Lethington so loth
to give her counsel she knows not, except it be for fear she
should be deceived, or that they think it should not be
honourable for her so to match. These things, she said, moved
her to stay and make her the longer to take resolution, yet
will she by no ways offend Elizabeth, but honour her as
her eldest sister, and follow her counsel as her mother. She
willingly hears now of marriage, and is content to hear as
much as he is able to say; yesterday he showed her the
Queen's letter, wherein commission is granted to Bedford and
him to confer with such of hers as she shall appoint. Has
yet got no answer what she will do herein. He finds them
willing that this matter should take effect, yet they make it
strange to see with what earnestness he will press them, that
they may gather what is his mistress's affection.|
|3. How much Lennox's restoration will profit him the writer
cannot conjecture; for he that every three months spends
1,000 marks to recover 300 marks, shall never thrive by the
bargain. He is restored to his heritage, but must agree with
the most part of them that have his lands. The Duke
and he are in this sort agreed. The Queen has commanded
them both never to quarrel with each other, and to
embrace each other. Lennox made great demands for
the loss he sustained by his banishment. The Duke
defended himself by the Prince's authority. The matter
continued in debate three days; but upon Friday last, before
it was ended, it was looked that they should have departed
worse friends than they met, which they had done had not
the Queen taken the above order. Lennox demanded the
Abbey of Paisley out of the Bishop's hands, and to have the
Bayliage of Glasgow of the Duke. He obtained neither,
saving that the Duke was content to give the bayliage into the
Bishop's hands, of whom he held it. The Earl of Argyle
has freely rendered what he had of his; and the Queen, content to satisfy Lord John's son of Coldingham with some other
thing as good as that which appertained to him by his
father. The greatest debate is now between Captain Steward
and him, who has made great spoil of his woods and
|4. Since the Duke came here the Earl came never further
from his lodging than the Court. They never met but in
the Queen's sight. The Duke upon Sunday took his leave
of the Queen, and got her licence to go to the Castle to see
the Earl of Arran, where he was upon Monday, and tarried
the whole forenoon with him. Hears that he is well in health,
very melancholy, patient in his trouble, but very desirous
of liberty. The Duke stands in no small doubt of himself,
and thinks this draught to bring Lennox home is chiefly to
his overthrow, but specially if this Queen marries Lord
Darnley. Had some talk with him of this matter; and by
a French person he let him understand that there was no other
meant but the undoing of his house. He had no other help
but in God, and in the favour of Queen Elizabeth. The bruit
is that the Queen will give Lennox the keeping of Dunbarton,
which tends utterly to the Duke's undoing. Lady Margaret
and Lord Darnley are looked for. Doubts whether she will
be as soon restored unto the Earldom of Angus, as her
husband was to Lennox.|
|5. Lethington has been in hand with him touching
Archibald Graham's suit.—Edinburgh, 31 Oct. 1564.|
|6. P. S.—Has seen a letter from Cecil to Bedford, asking
what has been heard of Walche's doings in the time of his
being here. The most he knows is this: he entered at the
West Marches, and was conveyed to this town by a servant
of the Master of Maxwell, and from hence to the Queen, being
then in the north. He talked with her long, and afterwards
gave a letter in French to Lethington. The effect of that
letter was that she had communed with that Englishman, who
had told her many things, and therefore willed him to inquire
and examine him further. He came here and spoke with
Lethington in the Justice Clerk's garden. What the purposes
were in special the writer knows not, but that the Papists
in England were her's. He named divers that were of
Lady Katherine's faction, more than ever the writer heard,
but Cecil in special, for one; which gave Lethington occasion
to write the letter he [Cecil] saw, in which he wondered how
so many wise men could be of that opinion, and meddle in
such matters. After this talk he spoke with him once again,
riding in the highway beside Longniddery.|
|7. Intending thus to have ended, Lethington sent him
word that the Queen desired him to speak with her before
he wrote to his mistress. The next day he attended upon her,
but heard nothing. Upon Allhallows day he was desired to
sup with Murray. After supper he [the writer] spoke a good
while with the Queen. She said she had conferred with her
brother and Lethington of all those matters he propounded, as
also they said he had done with them. For the meeting of some
of her's with Bedford and the writer she has appointed Murray
and Lethington.—Edinburgh, 3 Nov. 1564.|
|8. Clernaue, servant of this Queen, will shortly be at the
Court, by whom she intends to write to the Queen. Three of
his men are sick of the small-pox, so thinks that for a time he
must absent himself from the Court. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 11.
|Nov. 4.||773. Lethington to Cecil.|
|In all the conferences they have yet had with Randolph
he has not uttered so much of his mind to them as they can
lay any great foundation, although he has made rehearsal of
the Queen's good meaning generally, the particularities being
remitted to some conference with Bedford. Is perplexed
what to write plainly in the mean season, so forbears to
touch any of these difficulties. His mistress has agreed that
Murray and the writer shall speak with Bedford.—Edinburgh,
4 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 4.||774. Frederic II., King of Denmark, to the Queen.|
|Recommends the bearer, Dr. Albert Knopper, whom he
sends to settle some matters yet in suspense between their
realms.—Nieburg, 4 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 4.||775. Advices from Italy.|
|1. Rome, Nov. 4. The Duke of Florence makes great suit
to be made a Cardinal. News of different appointments, &c.|
|2. Ferrara, Nov. 30. There has been a meeting at Châtillon of the Queen of Navarre, the Prince of Condé, the Admiral, D'Andelot, and the Scot who slew the King.|
|3. Vienna, Nov. 28. The Emperor has sent an army to
Transylvania. Orig. in Mason's Hol. Endd. Pp. 3.|
|Nov. 5.||776. The Earl of Murray to Cecil.|
|Received his from Randolph, and is rejoiced to understand
his bent to travail for continuance of the amity betwixt their
sovereigns, whereunto his labours shall not be spared.—
Edinburgh, 5 Nov. 1564. Signed: James Stewart.|
Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 5.||777. Challoner to Mrs. Stradling.|
|Asks her to excuse him not writing now to the Countess,
his head and stomach being out of temper, and the bearer
will inform her of the rest.—Madrid, 5 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. On the same page as the following article.
|Nov. 5.||778. Challoner to the Count de Feria. (fn. 1) |
|Has received the Count's letter of the 9th ult., and thanks
him for his good offices in the matter of Bodenham and
Tipton.—Madrid, 5 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Span. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 5.||779. Intelligences from Italy.|
|1. Milan, 5 Nov. The disputes between the Duke of
Savoy and the Bernese.|
|2. Rome, Nov. 18. News from the Papal Court, from
Orig. Endd. by Mason. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 5.||780. Translation of the above into English.|
Orig. in Mason's hol., and endd. by him. Pp. 6.
|Nov. 6.||781. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. They still lack money for the garrison, and want a
treasurer and surveyor of the victuals. Has been driven to
deliver out of the money now come 1,500l. to the purveyor
for beves, for else those that now have charge say they could
provide no meat. Walshe is in the Tower. Was not privy
to what he practised in Scotland.—Berwick, 6 Nov. 1564.|
|2. P.S.—Here is such acclamation made upon him and
others for the levying of money for the Scottish ship as is
incredible; and it is piteous to see how they are driven to
take their cattle and sell them, making forays as it were upon
the Scots. And some townships that had not 10s. worth of
goods are rated at 20 marks. The 160l. to make up his 400l.
he shall have at Martinmas, but the 900l. to be levied here is
not to be had. Signed.|
Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary, and again by Cecil himself: Archibald Greham. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 6.||782. Henry Sadler's Bill.|
|Saturday, Oct. 21, 1564. His lord dispatched him from
Tarascon, and he arrived the same day at St. Bastard,|
|Oct. 22. Laid at L'Auriol.||18 posts.|
|Oct. 23. Went to Fontaigne.||11 posts.|
|Met this day Hume, a Scottishman, who told him he came
lately out of England, and had a packet for his lord. Was
with the governor, M. de Lesse, for a pass. The plague begins
|Oct. 24. Went to Varrenes.||8 posts.|
|Oct. 25. Went to Briare||13 posts.|
|Oct. 26. Went to Paris.||posts.|
|Oct. 27. Came to Britwell [Breteuil].||6 posts.|
|Understood that they preach here; and lately learned also
that the Prince of Condé was determined to come shortly to
|Oct. 28. Came to Boulogne.||8 posts.|
|Met this morning a courier betwixt Flers and Amiens,
who came out of Flanders. Understood there that Aire was
delivered to the French, and that three of the inhabitants
were hanged for the same, the chief of whom was Fontaigne.
Found there Sir Robert Peckam; the hostess of the house
showed him that he was a devout man, and how that he had
heard the same morning three masses.|
|Oct. 31. Embarked, and being hard at Dover was driven
|Nov. 1. Learned of a gentleman of M. D'Andelot's, that
he was married to the Count Sommes' [Salm] daughter, and
that in going through Lorraine was uncourteously dealt
with by all of the Duke of Lorraine's line, but after well
used by the Duke himself.|
|Nov. 2. There arrived at Boulogne three French gentlemen, viz., M. Bertillac, M. le Controller, and M. Mauvissier, his
younger brother. They say that they belong to the Queen of
Scots, and that they go thither.|
|Nov. 4. They embarked and came hard to Dover, and
from thence were driven to the Downs, and there laid all
|Nov. 5. Came again to Dover and were driven to the
|Nov. 6. Landed at Sandwich and came to London.|
|Laid for his passage at Boulogne, 8 days.|
|From Tarascon to Lyons, 18 posts.|
|Paid for every post a third more than ordinary. 79 posts||18||7||0|
|Passage at Boulogne||3||12||0|
|Charges at Boulogne for eight days||1||0||0|
|Orig. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.|
|Nov. 6.||783. Requests of the Spanish Ambassador.|
|That a commission be appointed to try the causes of those
merchants who are spoiled of their goods, from whose decision there shall be no appeal. The judges to sit thrice a
week. A reasonable time being given for the collection of
evidence, no adjournment shall be allowed. Decisions to be
enforced by letters from the Privy Council. Those who refuse
to obey the decisions to be fined. Not only pirates, but their
abettors also to be punished. Officers refusing to carry out
the decisions to be punished. All impending causes to be
tried before the commission.|
Orig. Endd. by Cecil: 6 Nov. 1564. Lat. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 7.||784. Randolph to Leicester.|
|The Prince of Condé is suitor here, supported chiefly by
the Cardinal his uncle. If John Steward comes over, as is
reported, believes Throckmorton is best able to deal with
him. Has written to the Queen. The 18th inst. he would
that Leicester were at Berwick to say some what for himself,
for then somewhat will be said of him that may tend to little
good. How happy is his life that between these two Queens
is tossed to and fro. His luck is evil if he lights not in some
of their laps that love so well to play. Much more than
being of the order of St. Michael hangs over his head when
God wills it to take place.—Edinburgh, 7 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 8.||785. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Repeats his letter of the 6th inst. Asks for money, and
that Cecil will take order there that no more be paid by this
country.—Berwick, 8 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
Labanoff, i. 246.
|786. Queen Mary to Queen Elizabeth.|
|Asks for a passport for Thomas Douglas and Robert Bog
to pass and repass to France for one year.—Holyrood, 9 Nov.
Orig. Add. Endd. Broadside.
|Nov. 9.||787. Smith to the Queen.|
|1. Received here her's (dated at Harrow-on-the-Hill, 12
Sept., sent by the Earl of Bothwell) on the 4th, by one of the
Scottish ambassador's servants. Sent by Henry Sadler, Sir
Ralph Sadler's son, the answer to the thing therein required,
who left on 21st ult., which he could not have done had not
it come by others dated at St. James', 24 Sept., and delivered
him on 14th ult. by M. De L'Aubespine. Objects to this kind
of sending of letters.|
|2. Repeats the sum of the answer he sent to her dated the
|3. Received her's (dated at St. James' on 9th ult.) on the
6th inst. at Marseilles, delivered him by M. De L'Aubespine,
sent, he thinks, in the French packet. That day the King made
his entry into this town. Next day asked audience and was
referred to the 8th inst. Delivered her letters to the Queen
Mother, who was with the King, the Duke of Orleans, Mme.
Margarite, and the Prince of Navarre. Although he had declared before that he had letters to the Queen, and not to the
King, the Ambassador of Scotland had audience before him,
and was not departed from the King when he was brought in.
Upon this occurrence he was fain to change his proeme, and
after reverence he told the King his suit was to him, and his
letters to his mother, so that if they could not agree she
should aid him. At this the Queen repeated his tale again to
the King, and took his letter and told the effect to him.
Smith said by that message which they sent him on St.
Michael's day by De Mauvissier, he took it that the Queen
had free choice given her to nominate whom she would to be
of the order, and so he had written home. The King and
Queen said it was so. Smith said that Queen Elizabeth
willed him to require them not to take it amiss that she
would deliberate awhile and deliver this honour to whom
she shall think good, to Lord Robert or any other. The
Queen Mother said that what Queen Elizabeth wills shall be
done, and that she may bestow the King's order on whom
she would; and further, that if she shall name any other
besides, her son will employ his order upon him also. Smith
said this was more than he durst have required; and asked
if he should write so home. Yea, said the King, and she
shall do what she will and command what she lists, for he
would gratify her in anything she desires. Yea, said the
Queen, if she will keep this gift in hand to employ it upon
another, well, or upon Lord Robert, or she shall name another
when she will. The Queen Mother asked Smith when his
mistress would marry, and whether she would not marry
Lord Robert. To the first he said he knew not; to the
second, he thought rather nay than yea, for nothing letted
her marrying him long ago if it had been her pleasure; and
the whole Parliament had required her to marry divers times,
not making choice of any person, but referring that to her.
She said that was reason, but yet that they thought better
she should marry within the realm than without. Smith
said there were reasons and opinions on both sides. The
Queen Mother and the King would have known his opinion,
but he would not answer. The Queen Mother said that they
knew that he [Smith] loved Lord Robert, and if it were in
his power it should not be long undone; to which he
answered, that he loved him, and was ready to do his service
at all times, but must prefer her judgment and pleasure above
his or his own either.|
|4. Smith mentioned his negotiating with the Council at
Avignon, touching the merchants' matters and two or three
other points, and hoped that all was well satisfied. The King
said, yea. The Queen said, yea, they have and must have
always a good opinion of his mistress, and what shall be agreeable to her shall be to the King. Smith asked if they made any
dispatch shortly into England; for if they did, he would
then send his also. The Queen said as soon as they came to
Arles the Rhinegrave should be dispatched into England with
the order, with such conditions as he [Smith] had heard.|
|5. Touching the Queen appointing whom she would to the
order, he wrote by Andrew Beton, the Scottish Ambassador's
brother, who departed from Avignon on 6th ult. The King,
Queen, and Council are very desirous to know whom she will
take to her husband, and had much rather she should marry
within the realm than from without, and from any other
place than from France; and the same mind they have of the
Queen of Scots.—Marseilles, 9 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 7.
|Nov. 9||788. Confirmation of the Edict of Pacification.|
|Confirmation by King Charles IX. of the Edict of Pacification of March 19. Marseilles, 9 Nov. 1564. Signed by the
King in Council and countersigned by De L'Aubespine.|
Copy. Endd: Sent in the F. par. Fr. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 11.||789. Guido Giannetti to the Queen.|
|Has not had anything of importance about which to
write, Italy being at rest. The object of the embassy of
M. de Lansac from the King of France to the Emperor has
come to the writer's knowledge. He is commissioned to
procure unity of action between the King and the Emperor
in the matter of religion, and for an alliance between the
families. The Duke of Savoy and the Switzers have come
to terms. News from the Papal Court.—Venice, 11 Nov.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Mason. Ital.
|Nov. 12.||790. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Having concluded with Murray and Lethington as much
at this time as could be said, thought best to be with Bedford,
that they might be better prepared against the time of conference. So he arrived here yesterday. Because this matter
might be the more covertly handled without suspicion, they
have concluded upon this device. The Queen comes to
Dunbar, where she remains six or seven days. In the meantime Murray and Lethington have leave to ride into the
Merse ahawking, and also to visit some lands of theirs.
Whilst there, Bedford shall send a gentleman to them, and
desire them that forasmuch as there are divers matters in
controversy upon the Borders, he desires them to rest one
night in Berwick. This was thought better than that they
should come to entreat of the debatable ground, because
Murray and Lethington have not been accustomed to be
employed in such affairs.|
|2. Wrote in his last of Beton's arrival here, and the cause
of his coming. Now confirms the same with better assurance
of the truth, saving that he wrote John for Robert Steward.
Before Beton's departure out of France, Robert Steward had
his dispatch of the Cardinal to this Queen and was gone with
the same to the Prince. The Cardinal excuses himself to this
Queen that he shall not be inconsistent, because he commended to her before, by John Baptista, the Duke of Orleans,
of whom then he thought best. He added also with vehement
signification of his sorrow, and the danger that he stands in
for fear of the Protestants, if that his desire for her take not
effect, and that he has no other man so fit to use as Robert
Steward, though beforetime the man undertook to kill him.|
|3. The Queen having considered her sweet uncle's letter,
said to one these words: "Truely, I am beholding to my
uncle; so it be well with him he cares not what becomes of
|4. Wrote that Walche spoke with this Queen, which he
again calls in doubt, though it be earnestly affirmed unto him
that he did. All the rest that he has written is true. It is
now openly known that he is in the Tower, but little regarded
what comes of him. Fowler arrived the day before the
writer's departure from Edinburgh. Many of that faction
are greatly disappointed that the Lord Darnley comes not
Thinks it no small purpose that his father was so desirous to
have had him here; but those are most his friends that are
most against it.—Berwick, 12 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 12.||791. Roger Alford to Challoner.|
|Their state here is quiet, and his friends are in health, and
so is Challoner's sister, Farnham. Of particular news the
bringer can inform him, who is his wife's brother. "I can
be content you use the company of Eve now and then, but
take heed of glutting."—London, 12 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received by Mr. Burlace. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 13.||792. The Lord Treasurer to Cecil.|
|Details respecting the payment of the charge at Berwick
and the continuance of the victualling there. Inquiry to be
made of Lee. If this devise be not agreeable, thinks that
6,000l. for the half-year's pay to the soldiers should be left at
Newcastle, and that there should be a staple for corn for eight
months. Has written for the Lincolnshire rent to be taken
from York to Newcastle.—13 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 13.||793. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. His man that should have gone is stopped of his journey
this day for lack of post horses. Wishes for more frequent
intelligence. Cecil should not speak in parables. Still calls
upon him for Scotland. In so great a calm they were never
here in so great a trouble, for they provide for a hard winter.|
|2. The posts come continually. These are wise men, and
consider what he says; knowledge makes good service, ignorance brings error and repentance. Sometimes fifty crowns
save 5,000. This day there departs a post for Scotland, who goes by Dieppe or otherwise by sea; all go and
come by the Cardinal of Lorraine, for without him nothing
is done, and yet there is strife of all sides. The matter is hot,
and is chiefly the marriage matter, and a great stir who shall
bear the belle away. All must not be committed to letters,
and still Cecil keeps his [Smith's] men in England, by whom
he dare speak.|
|3. At Valence he visited in the Queen's name the Duke of
Ferrara, and at Avignon the Duke and Duchess of Savoy,
with whom he had courteous talk at all times.—Marseilles,
13 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add.
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 14.||794. Charges at Berwick.|
|1. Valentine Browne states that he has paid in prest to the
officers, captains, soldiers, and workmen, between Michaelmas
1563 and Lady Day 1564, 4,195l. 8s. 11d, and for victuals
within the same time 1,878l. 10s. 4d.; total 6,073l. 19s. 3d.|
|2. Also that the treasurer's clerks have disbursed, between
Lady Day and Michaelmas 1564, to the garrisons 2,812l., and
for victuals for the same 3,273l. 12s. 5d,; total 6,085l. 12s. 5d.|
|3. Total for the year 12,159l. 11s. 8d.|
|4. And that there is estimated to be owing to the garrison
from the 8th of August 1563 to Michaelmas 1564, 12,890l.,
and to the works 8,100l.; total 20,990l., showing that there
is due at Michaelmas 1564 8,831l.|
Orig. Endd.: Val. Browne's reckoning. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 14.||795. Guido Cavalcanti to Cecil.|
|Has written by the bearer to the Earl of Leicester, who
will probably show that letter to Cecil. The occurrences at
this Court will doubtless be communicated by the Ambassador.—Marseilles, 14 Nov. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd.: 14 Nov. 1564. Ital.
|Nov. 15.||796. The Queen to [the Lord Treasurer.]|
|Sends to him her letters to Ashton, the receiver, to be
sealed. All haste shall be made that Ashton may resort to
Berwick with the money, which cannot be less than 9,000l.
He cannot have the whole, yet if half were there to be prested
to the garrison it were convenient, for they are in need, and
within three days Murray and Lethington will be at Berwick,
as commissioners from the Queen of Scots to treat with
Bedford and others; and she would be loth that they should
understand the garrison's lack.|
Draft, in Cecil's hol. Endd.: M. of the warrant that Val.
Browne thinks meet to be written to Mr. Ashton, 15 Nov.
1564. Pp. 2.
|Nov. .||797. Warrant for Mr. Ashton.|
|Authorises him to take certain money to Berwick for the
payment of the garrison and works there. From the Court
at St. James.—Nov. 1564.|
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 15.||798. Condemnation of John Panant.|
|Having robbed and murdered two women he is condemned
to be broken on the wheel in the market-place, and his head
broken with the hammer with which he committed the crime.
—Brussels, 15 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Endd. by Cecil. Lat. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 15.||799. Henry Kylligrew to Challoner.|
|The Earl of Leicester travails to supply the writer's place with
some other, and thinks he is in good towardness. For other
matters refers him to the bearer, Mr. Wm. Borlace, who can
inform him of his state with his love and mistress, and what
a hell he left him in. He is a gentleman of an ancient house,
servant and friend to the Earl of Warwick, under whom he
had charge at Newhaven.—London, 15 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received by Mr. Burlace. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 16.||800. Passport for Thomas Douglas.|
|Passport by Bedford for Thomas Douglas, of Scotland, to
pass to France with one servant and three geldings. Signed:
F. Bedford; W. Sage.|
|Nov. 18.||801. Richard Brakenbury to Challoner.|
|Asks him to send a pair of silk hose.—From the Court at
St. James, 18 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd.: Received by Mr.
Burlace. Pp. 2.
|Nov 19.||802. Queen Catherine De Medicis to the Queen.|
|As soon as the writer and her son heard from M. De Foix of
the wishes of Queen Elizabeth on the subject of her letter of the
8th ult., they replied conformably to her intention, which had
also been declared by Sir Thomas Smith.—Marseilles, 19 Nov.
1564. Signed: Caterine.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Broadside.
|Nov. 19.||803. The Vidame of Chartres to Cecil.|
|1. Has had no difficulty with the King and the Queen
Mother, but has had some with the Prince of Condé. The
King has desired him to publish an ample declaration, in
which he has set forth that when the Queen of England
engaged in that enterprize her principal aim was to succour
the King and his subjects who were oppressed for the Gospel.
The Queen Mother has shown herself favourable towards him,
by whom indeed he has been preserved. Shall always consider himself bound to serve the Queen of England after his
|2. Desires him to show favour to an inhabitant of Havre
whose vessel has been stayed, and who did great service to
the English by bringing victuals to that town. Asks him to
send him the book which Mr. Edein formerly gave him, being
a compilation from sundry works on Philosophy; he will have
it copied and sent back to him.|
|3. Salutes (fn. 2) the Chancellor and his wife, and Cecil's little
Marie.—La Ferté Vidame, 19 Nov. 1564. Signed: J. Ferriere.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 19.||804. The Request of the Ambassador of Portugal.|
|The King of Portugal having understood that certain of
the Queen's subjects were rigging ships to sail to the coast
of the Myne, Minaguette and Guinea, and other places under
the dominion of Portugal, which is forbidden to the King's
own subjects, desires that she would command the said ships
to be stayed and unarmed, and that those who have already
sailed may be punished. As her subjects cannot but meet
sometimes with the navy of Portugal, the King would be
sorry for any damages which they would receive.|
Copy. Fr. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 19.||805. Translation of the above into English.|
|Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.|
|Nov. 20.||806. Smith to Cecil.|
|On 14th inst. he dispatched from Marseilles Edmond
Mathir, an Englishman newly come out of Italy, with letters
to the Queen. Nevertheless because the bearer, Adam Hume,
comes by him, he would not let him go without his letters.
At Arles all stand as they did. The Three Estates of Provence
began on 20th inst. at Tarascon. The coming of the Rhinegrave and De Mauvissier is prorogued they say, because as
Queen Elizabeth is not resolved who shall have the order, but
delays, so belike will they. The bruit is that the Queen
Mother hopes to see her daughter, the Queen of Spain, about
Toulouse or Bayonne before the King departs out of these
south countries. News is in the Court that the Prince of
Condé and the Cardinal of Lorraine have intervisited each
other. The bearer, Adam Hume, (fn. 3) he perceives by Mr. Alington's letter, which Cecil sent him, was well rewarded. What
he deserved he cannot tell, but it was he (or at least he
was one of them) who with lies and forged inventions
to let the peace at the making thereof, made Sir Nicholas
almost or altogether mad. He laid this time with the Ambassador of Scotland here, who suspects him to be sent from
the Protestants of Scotland. The Ambassador is wholly for
the Papists, and therefore is glad to be rid of him.—Arles,
20 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|Nov. 20.||807. John Cuerton to Challoner.|
|Received from Challoner 1,000 rials to send unto Exeter
to Master Hocar [Hooker] for his (Challoner's) use. Many
ships of England are laden here and at other ports.—Bilboa,
20 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Brought by Mr.
Parker. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 22.||808. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. Cecil's letter of the 29th ult. was delivered here on
Tuesday the 21st., by M. De L'Aubespine. The 6th ult. sent
a packet of letters by Andrew Beton, the Ambassador of
Scotland's brother, who went he said directly to London.
Thinks he tarried long to make twenty-four days betwixt
Avignon and London. It makes him more to muse, for at
the same time that De L'Aubespine sent him this of the 29th ult.
he delivered another for the Scottish Ambassador, written by
the said Andrew at London. If he came not to the Court of
England Cecil should inquire for the packet at the French
Ambassador's hands. The silks of the Medes to come by
Muscovia into England is a strange hearing. The French
Ambassador is very dainty if he takes missing a dinner so
heavily. As for the Ambassador of Portugal, if there be no
other sent than he which is, and has been ever since he
[Smith] came into France, he will not contend for that matter.
He has lain almost this twelvemonth at Paris sick, some say
of the King's evil, others of the disease of this country, that
has eaten almost his throat asunder. He has not come much
abroad since Rouen was won.|
|2. If Cecil means the Lord Darnley, men have the like
opinion here. Of that matter he wrote by Beton, and of
the Archduke Charles by Mathir.—Arles, 22 Nov. 1564.
Orig., with seal. A few words in cipher. Add. Endd. by
Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 22.||809. Smith to Cecil.|
|Recommends the bearer, William Seres, a Scottish gentleman, who being taken on the sea in their last wars was
put in the galleys with his company, but is now released,
and minds to go home by England.—Arles, 22 Nov. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|Nov. 22.||810. Estates of Provence.|
|Proceedings of the Estates of Provence assembled at Tarascon, Nov. 22, 1564. They appoint officers and judges, give
salaries and pensions to different people, and arrange other
Copy. Endd.: Sent in the F. par. Fr. Pp. 27.
|Nov. 22.||811. Another copy of the above.|
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 16.
|Nov. 22.||812. Challoner to Clough.|
|Details of money transactions between them since August
1563, through the agency of Alex. Bonvise, Lopez Del Campo,
Nicolao Palavicino, and others. Also some paid to James
Coldwell, the writer's servant, for his posting. Thinks that
neither the King nor the Prince of Spain will come to Flanders
till September next.—Madrid, 22 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: Sent by Stephano Leccari, his
means. Pp. 7.
|Nov. 23.||813. Bedford and Randolph to Cecil.|
|Received his of the 13th inst. but upon the 20th, which
was long after the time they needed his advice. Refer him
to their letter to the Queen. The next morning in private
talk, which Randolph had first with Murray and after with
Lethington, they severally told him that they found Queen
Elizabeth's dealing marvellous strange, and that nothing was
intended but drift of time. For the matter itself, though they
know not how their mistress is affected, yet they would be
loth so to leave this cause so as no further conference should
be had of it; but having reported to her what has passed in
this talk they would inform him [Randolph] thereof at his
return to Edinburgh. Murray and Lethington arrived on
Saturday, and on Sunday they began their conference with
them, and continued it until the sermon time, and spent most
of the afternoon in the same. Monday morning was bestowed
in ending controversies between parties of England and Scotland. The Saturday immediately after their arrival one
came with a packet of letters to them from the Queen, which
came out of Flanders, by an Italian that has long practised
with the Countess of Egmont. From whence these men are
advertised the writers know not, but they lack no intelligence,
neither what was intended for the voyage of Almaine, nor
how it stayed. Upon Sunday came two Frenchmen. Some
letters they saw delivered to Murray and Lethington, to
whom (because they found them so spare of their news) the
writers told what they had heard of the Prince of Conde's
suit to their Queen.—Berwick, 23 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Written in Randolph's hand. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 23.||814. Advices from Vienna.|
|Vienna, 23 Nov. 1564. News of military affairs in
Transylvania. Rome, 25 Sept. News from the Papal Court,
chiefly on the proceedings of the Pope and Cardinals.|
Copy. Ital. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 24.||815. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. It is certain that the Cardinal of Lorraine and the
Prince of Conde have had conference and banqueting together
at Soissons and at Nisseau Le Château, which belonged to the
late Cardinal of Bourbon.|
|Nov. 24.||2. They of Guise complain that all letters from the said
Cardinal are opened, principally at Paris and Lyons. The
Ambassador of Scotland and the Cardinal, and Mme. De
Guise, are daily in great dispatches to and from Scotland,
and to and from the Cardinal of Lorraine. The bearer, Hume,
is altogether a Lethington, whom he shall find double he is
afraid, or rather triple, having pensions of all three princes.—
Arles, 24 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Chiefly in cipher, deciphered. Add.
Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 24.||816. Eric XIV. to the Queen.|
|Excuses himself for his delay in answering her letters
in which she desires that his sister Cecilia may come to her
She will not be able to do so, as he has given her in marriage
to Christopher Marquis of Baden.—Stockholm, 8 Cal. Decem.
Orig. Add. Endd. by G. North. Lat. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 24.||817. The Duke of Lunenburgh to the Queen.|
|Letter of commendation and credence for the Count of
Schomburch.—Worden, 24 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. [?] Add. Endd. Span. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 24.||818. John Fitzwilliam to Cecil.|
|Has no doubt but that he can disprove anything laid to his
charge. John Brown is at liberty upon his oath to the
magistrates to return to prison at their pleasure. If he
could obtain the Queen's letter, doubts not but that they
would give sentence and also apprehend him again. All
the traffic for England of commodities of these Low Countries
is through France, and the merchant adventurers are much
prevented thereby. The English merchants bound themselves
too straight not to carry or sell any of their commodities
nearer than Frankfort. Certain of Antwerp have been to
the Court to declare what hindrance this restraint is to the
commons and merchant strangers. The Margrave has gone
into the drapers' houses to search for English cloth, and
has arrested the same. The report is that divers towns in
Flanders, where woollen cloth is made, are at a stay for
lack of wool.—Antwerp, 24 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 24.||819. Petrus Bizarrus to Cecil.|
|Is at Padua for the sake of his studies, and will go to Venice
after the winter. Expresses his devotion to Cecil, the Queen,
and England. Encloses a copy of Latin verses. (fn. 4) —Padua,
24 Nov. 1564. Signed: Petrus Bizarrus, Perusinus.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 24.||820. The Queen's Answer to the Portuguese Ambassador.|
|She wishes that he had been privy of the answer made to
Don Pereira Dantes in June 1562; namely, that although
she saw no reason why her subjects might not sail into any
country belonging to the King of Portugal, they paying such
tributes as belong to the traffic, yet at the request of the
said king, she had warned them from the navigation into
any ports in Ethiopia in which the King had dominion,
obedience, and tribute, which she thinks none of them have
done. As for the navigation into other parts of Africa, she
does not find it reasonable that she should prohibit it.|
Corrected draft. Endd. Fr. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 24.||821. Translation of the above into English.|
Corrected draft. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 25.||822. The French Ambassador to Cecil.|
|Mr. Somers having complained to him, four or five days
ago, that an English ship had been stayed at Havre, he has
written to the officers in favour of the owners. He cannot
however obtain satisfaction for the complaints of his master's
subjects. Desired Somers to tell him [Cecil] that the customers had seized twenty sacks of hops belonging to a
Frenchman, and has since sent his secretary to him. Asks
him for the third time that the hops may be restored.—
25 Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd., by Cecil's secretary. Fr.
|Nov. 25.||823. Challoner to Clough.|
|Mentions money matters and the non-arrival of letters sent
by Clough and himself.—Madrid, 25 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: sent by Sor Gambos. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 26.||824. The Queen to the King of Portugal.|
|Has received his Ambassador, Signor Aires Cardoso, and
wishes that his requests had been such as she might have
further contented him.—St. James, 26 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. (fn. 5) .
|Nov. 26.||825. Translation of the above into French.|
|Nov. 28.||826. Memorial of M. De L'Aubespine.|
|1. There should be no restriction whatever in the free
traffic between the countries.|
|2. Barre cannot be called a prisoner of war; he was in the
service of one of the hostages, and was arrested on suspicion
of intending to escape.|
|3. Also of that which was done to the Ambassador of
France at the feast of the Lord Mayor of London.|
Endd. by Smith: Sent to me, 28 Nov. 1564. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 29.||827. Lennox to Bedford.|
|Thanks for his friendliness and remembrance by the Earl of
Murray. Having to send the bearer, his servant, Fowler,
to the Court, asks his furtherance of him through his
charge, and that he would help him with post horses.—
Holyrood, 29 Nov. Signed.|
Add. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 29.||828. Reply to the Memorial of M. De L'Aubespine.|
|1. The ambassador's reply to the articles given by M. De
L'Aubespine. As to the first, touching the traffic of the
French merchants into England, he thought that was all
settled, from the replies of the King's Council to him. But
as in France it is not permitted to buy Italian silks in
gross except at Lyons, so are there certain manufactures
in England which are only allowed to be sold in particular
|2. As to the second, concerning Barre, he has not heard
anything about him, and cannot see how he could be the
servant of the four hostages, who lived so far from one
|3. As to the third, it is the custom of the Lord Mayor to
invite whom he pleases without the directions of the Queen
and her Council. The Ambassador of Spain was not invited.
If either of them have cause of complaint it is solely against
the Lord Mayor of London.|
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 5.
|Nov. 29.||829. Another copy of the above.|
|Endd. by Smith: Copy of the memorial which I delivered
to M. de L'Aubespine, with the demands which I required to
to be answered; at Arles, 29 Nov. 1564. Fr. Pp. 4.|
|Nov. 30.||830. Accord between England and the Low Countries.|
|1. The Duchess of Parma desires that a commission, which
shall sit at Bruges, may be formed to inquire into grievances,
and strengthen the intercourse between England and the
Low Countries. It is to consist of six persons: two of the
Orders of the Garter and Golden Fleece, two privy councillors, and two jurisconsults.|
|2. The commission is only to deliberate on those questions
which have arisen since the death of Queen Mary.—30 Nov.
1564. Signed: Margarita.|
Copy. Endd. Lat. Pp. 3.
|Nov. 30.||831. Challoner to the Privy Council.|
|Complains of his long service in Spain and earnestly craves
for his revocation.—Madrid, 30 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: Sent by Tho. Dalwood.
|Nov. 30.||832. Challoner to Cecil.|
|M. de Twysnack and other Flemish ministers here seem to
have good hope of some speedy composition between England
and Flanders. Wrote to the Queen that for avoiding new
questions the diet should rather precede their merchants'
return thither than come afterwards. There is no likelihood
of the King or Prince going to Flanders next year. This
day the Ambassador of Venice departs hence, who is the third
sent from that Signory since the writer came hither; and
February next the Ambassador of France also returns, whose
successor shall be M. de Foix, their Ambassador in England,
to whom he sends a packet.—Madrid, 30 Nov. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: Sent by Tho. Dalwood, by
the way of Balbao. Pp. 4.
|Nov. 30.||833. Challoner to Mason.|
|Asks him to help that he be no longer kept here. For his
New Year's gift sends herewith a paradox which he dare not,
considering the title, Encomium Avaritiæ, address to precise
folks; also an epitaph on Lord Paget. Has finished his four
books, De Republica, a work as big as Virgil's Æneid; and
has made to the Queen orationem pro reditu, but it is so
long that he had not a meet man to write it forthwith, so in
lieu thereof has made an elegy in verse to her, (fn. 6) which he
sends with an epistle, which he prays Mason to cause Croker
to write in fair hand, and on New Year's Day present it
himself to her. In case the Queen will give him no leave to
come home altogether, prays him to help that he may be
licensed to return for three or four months.—Madrid, 30 Nov.
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: Ultimo Octobre. Sent by
Tho. Dalwood. Pp. 2.
|Nov. 30.||834. Oliver, Count Delfino to Throckmorton.|
|Having recently left Antwerp to go to the Court of the
Emperor on private business has not been able to say what
he wished to the Queen of England. His wife and infant
son are not well. Has been in communication with Sor.
Strange.—Vienna, last Nov. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. to Throckmorton in London.
Endd. Pp. 2.