|[March.]||1013. Charges at Berwick.|
|Estimate as well of the charges and freights of provision
for the furniture of the works at Berwick for this year, as
also of the conduct and prest money of sundry artificers and
workmen there, 449l. 16s.|
Orig. Endd. partly by Cecil. Pp. 4.
|[March.]||1014. Fortifications at Berwick.|
|State of the fortifications at Berwick, and estimate of
expenses to be incurred about them during the ensuing
summer. Signed by Rowland Johnson. Total, 4,340l. 8s. 8d.|
Orig. Endd. Pp. 6.
|[March.]||1015. Works at Berwick.|
|Estimates to be sent up by Lee and Portinary. Twenty
feet square and six deep of earth cast up, not to cost more
than 15s. Rate of pay for the different officers.|
Draft by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 4.
|March.||1016. The Prince of Condé to his Sister, the Abbess of
|Is annoyed at the outrage committed on the Cardinal of
Lorraine. The union of their two houses is more than
necessary. If he had been with the Cardinal he would have
given proof of his goodwill by deeds.|
Copy. Endd. by Cecil. Fr. (fn. 1)
|March 1.||1017. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. After writing his last, there came hither young Murray
of Tilliebarne that passed by Cecil out of France. His chief
errand was from Bothwell to purchase some favour, either
for his return, or by this Queen's means to enjoy such condition as he may live with the countenance of a man of his
calling and birth. Of herself she is not evil effected towards
him, but there are many causes why he is not so looked upon
as some others are. And more favour cannot be showed
unto him that was accused to have conspired against her (as
before to have taken herself, and killed those that were in
chief credit about her, and being committed to prison broke
the same and left his country) than unto him that detected
the same and is yet detained. Letters also came from the Cardinal, by which this Queen understands with what honour her
uncle, the prelate, was received in Paris, and also knows what
kindness is like to grow betwixt these two houses, Montmorency and Guise. The first report of it which came to
her ears by advertisements he received from him [Cecil],
bred her great sorrow, and that heard she wept. This she
passed over with a shrewd word or two against him that so
encountered him to cause her uncle and cousin to take refuge.
This Cardinal seeks still to have foot in Court, or at least
credit to save his throat from cutting. One great point he
thinks to have won, in having the Prince of Condé to match
with the Lady of Guise; the next, to marry this Queen again
in France to the King, and for that cause some say D'Oysel
has to do at Rome, or upon the young Duke of Orleans,
though he be a boy, how little commodity, profit, pleasure,
or honour soever it should yield to his niece to take him
whom above the money, yea, his own soul, he seems to love.
Of this matter there has been here some little whispering;
it is now come further abroad against her will, so far it is
muttered here, that she altogether mislikes her uncle's manner
of dealing. To bestow her he cares not how or where, so
that he may be the maker of the match. To meet herewith
she imagines what may be the fittest. To follow her own
fantasy is not best to be allowed. To be ordered by her own
subjects, she thinks that she yields too much, and more than
can stand with a princely heart. To addict herself wholly to
his Sovereign's devotion she thinks most suerty; to be ruled
by her most honourable and profitable.|
|2. Upon Tuesday Murray caused him to dine with him
alone, saving his wife and the Lord of Pitarrow, the controller. They talked of much that he has here written.
Doubts were cast in what would be the Queen's part towards
this Queen. Greater honour they thought could not be shown
than her Majesty to have a Queen in her will, and the country
at her devoution to rule as she listed. He acknowledged that
these things were of no small value, but the price of them too
dear to be bought as is required. They said it is not England
that is wished or looked for, but to have the honour and name
of heir apparent. Murray said they would find more contentment in the Earl of Leicester, for of him they have knowledge
and some assurance of his virtue to their contentment, for the
other is uncertain; and if it fell to-morrow he trowed that it
would breed them more trouble than commodity; and no less
sorrow to their mistress than to any of themselves. The
Lord of Pitarrow said he would be glad if they would lay
aside these respects of honour, pleasure, and commodity, and
go roundly to work of either part, to see what is God's honour
and the weal of both the countries. And if this be it to have
their Sovereign marry with a good Christian, and for both the
realms to live in friendship, he would that both the Queens
would lay apart these worldly opinions, and in this point
would that they lacked somewhat of their wills; for where all
is in will, reason is not the guide. And for Lord Robert he
supposes that he yields so much unto reason as he is to be the
mean to unite these two countries together. What has he
lost of honour? He has enough for any man that fears God,
or can be content to live under a law. He bid him weigh the
dangers he spoke of, and he should find them less for him to
marry abroad than with any at home. If he marries with the
Queen, the nature of his countrymen will hardly bear it. If
he takes there any other, yet will it not be enough to avoid
suspicion. He spoke plainly.|
|3. Pitarrow said that for his virtue he loved Leicester; and
if they gave them a Papist, he had rather that they took all
the rest from them. Of all this Murray said that he had the
worst part. He is known to be a travailer to their effect,
which he repents not. If it come to pass, let him take the
honour who will; it was enough for him to have discharged
his duty to God and his country. If it go otherwise than
well, the burden is wholly his, for that he is the deviser and
the persuader; and being ever had in suspicion for England,
either he shall be forced to show himself their enemy, or every
word he speaks of them shall be had in suspicion. If she
marries a Papist, either they must obey or fall into new cumbers, and he ever be thought the ringleader.|
|4. Murray secretly said unto him, whatsoever the English
did with them they were to strive to bring them from their
papistry, for otherwise it will be worse with them than ever it
was. The writer hopes now better of the Queen of Scots than
ever he did. He sees she takes some despite against the Queen
Dowager, and what opinion she has of her uncle the Cardinal
he may perceive. His spy, Luserye, her physician, goes
shortly away, who for the opinion the Queen has of him is
greatly credited, and no man so much amongst them for
French matters. Would that he should be well used in passing
through England. Within fourteen days he departs hence.
Other Frenchman of reputation, credit, and wisdom, or more
honest she has not one about her. An Italian of Piedmont, a
singer, that came hither with M. Moret, is her secretary for the
French affairs. He crept in upon suspicion gathered against
Raulet. Hears also that there are means made to this Queen
for the Duke of Montpencier, of whom it is said that he
shall be made Duke of Bourbon.—Edinburgh, 1 March 1564.
|5. P.S.—A great storm of snow; no one dares to ride to
Berwick. Upon Thursday at a great dinner with Murray
were Lennox and his son, and most part of the noblemen
with the ladies of the Court. Was at this dinner. The Queen
sent word that she wished herself in the company, and was
sorry that she was not bid to the banquet. It was answered
that she might come undesired. Others said they were
merriest when the table was fullest, but princes did ever use
to dine alone. She sent word again that she summoned them
all against Sunday to be at a banquet at the marriage of her
Englishman. After dinner they all came to her. All her
words were full of goodwill and readiness to do whatsoever
with her honour might stand most to the Queen contentment.
She talked long of her Majesty's estate, government, and of
her pity towards offenders, and in special that she had not
followed the steps of her predecessors in shedding blood. He
bore her in hand that she began too severe with the Huguenots. That she denied. They talked of her mass; she
defended it the best she could. They concluded that the
change of her religion shall be so soon as she can be persuaded
to better, which she thinks she cannot be by any that yet she
has heard speak. He desired her to take counsel of his mistress.
Abide, said she, until she come there. He asked when that
should be. She said when his mistress would. They talked
of her marriage. She said to that she was minded to pray
God that her choice might be good. He must be such a one as
He will give her. He said that God had made her a fair offer in
him for whom he [Randolph] had been oftentimes in hand with
her. Of this matter she said that she had spoken enough,
except that she saw greater likelihood; nor may she apply
nor set her mind but where she intends to be a wife indeed.
And no creature should make her break more of her will than
the Queen, if she will use her as a sister; if not, she must do
as she may, and yet not fail unto her in anything that is in
her power. Perceives she bears so much goodwill to the
Queen as none the like. In all these matters he desires to be
advised what he may further do.|
|6. At Murray's request asks that "the Master of Marshall"
may be set at such reasonable ransom as he is able to pay, to be
void of this continual cumber of making almost yearly his
entry, and great expense of his living there. Asks that order
be taken against the conveyance of horses out of England.|
|7. Lennox and his son are well, and daily at the Court well
made of, but now less talk of anything intended by the
Queen towards him. The Duke in this point is not yet
resolved, but as he has good cause uses himself warily. He
had one with him whom he trusts. He [the writer] discomforts him in nothing, nor assures him of what he cannot
perform. Divers of the noblemen are come to this great
marriage which to-morrow shall be solemnized. Old Captain
Bortewicke is gone to God. The Earl of Monteith is much
lamented for one of the zealous protestants in this country.|
|8. Since writing hereof there came out of England from the
"Master of Marshall," who declares that he is very straight
handled. He is committed to Mr. Slingesby of Knaresbro.'
He conceives the more unkindness against Sir Henry Percy.—
Edinburgh, 4 March 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 12.
|March 3.||1018. Timber for Berwick.|
|On 3rd of March 1564 the Lord Treasurer certified by
letter to Mr. Secretary that Mr. Whalley had ready 1,500 tons
of timber laid at the water side at his own charge for 10s. the
ton, provided for Berwick.|
Copy. P. 1.
|March 3.||1019. M. de la Ferriere to Cecil.|
|Thanks him for his offers of friendship and for his book.
Commends to him Mr. Eden, whose labours are more about
celestial than terrestrial matters. Desires to know whether
it is true that the Queen intends to marry. — La Ferté,
3 March 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd.: 3 March 1564. The Vidame of
Chartres to the Secretary. Fr. P. 4.
|March 3.||1020. Petrus Bizarrus to Cecil.|
|Forwards intelligences of the affairs of Venice, Turkey,
Spain, Naples, Mantua, Genoa, and Transylvania. Desires
remembrances to Lord Robert.—Venice, 3 March 1556 [sic.].|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd.: 4 March 1564.
Ital. Pp. 2.
|March 3.||1021. Marsilio della Croce to Shers.|
|Forwards intelligence from Constantinople, 23 Jan., and
from Vienna, 23 Feb.—Venice, 3 March 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.
|March 3.||1022. Intelligences from Venice.|
|Venice, 3 March 1564. Intelligences chiefly respecting the
affairs of Constantinople.|
Endd. Pp. 2.
|March 4.||1023. Intelligences from Abroad.|
|Intelligences from Naples, 4 March 1565, and from Genoa,
Copy. Endd.: From Naples to this Court, 19 April 1565.
Ital. Pp 2.
|March 5.||1024. Paul Van Dale to Cecil.|
|Desires that he may be repaid 50,000 crowns, and complains that the Queen's factor has not fulfilled his promise of
paying him something last fair.—Antwerp, 5 March 1564.
Orig. Hol. Add. Fr. Pp. 2.
|March 5.||1025. Challoner's Instructions for William Phayre.|
|Leaves him behind as attendant in the Court of Spain until
the arrival of another ambassador, frequently to advertise
them home of the occurrents in the Court. To prosecute
the suit for the delivery of the prisoners at St. Sebastian.
He will receive a double of the Queen's cipher.—Madrid,
5 March 1564. Signed.|
Copy. Pp. 2.
|March 6.||1026. Bedford to the Privy Council.|
|Received theirs of the 27th ult. for the furniture of this
garrison this Lent, supplying thereby the want of victuals
here with the sum of 600l. Asks them to remember the
fortifications. Hears nothing of the return of those that went
to Carlisle.—Berwick, 6 March 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|March 6.||1027. Bernardino Ferrario to Cecil.|
|Professions of desire to serve him. Resides in Parma.
Sends some particulars of recent occurrences, but supposes
that Cecil has already had more precise information.—Parma,
March 6, 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
|March 7.||1028. Challoner to Phayre.|
|Sends him the King's sedola, which otherwise he would
have shown to the Queen, and also the manner of their
dealing. Complains that he has not sent him his passports
renewed for Bilboa or elsewhere by sea. Is so weak he cannot
ride. Has paid 50 ducats to Cuerton for him.—Bilboa,
7 March 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Phayre. Pp. 4.
|March 10.||1029. Lennox to Cecil.|
|Desires licence to abide here for three months more, in
order to proceed in the assurance of his lands to his son; also
licence for three or four geldings.—Holyrood, 10 March.
Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary, 10 March 1564. Pp. 2.
|March 10.||1030. Bedford to Leicester.|
|Repeats what he wrote this day to Mr. Secretary. Yesterday
received three English books from him, and therewith receiving
no word concerning them, he this day sent them towards the
Queen of Scotland by a servant of Randolph's, who had hence
the gray gelding that was left here by Leicester's man, and
which is now sound. Prays him to remember his coming up
that he may have licence here before Easter; and further to
have in mind the fortifications, for the time of the year now
serves for it. The three books aforesaid he has sent to
Randolph to be bestowed as he thinks good.—Berwick, 10
March 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|March 10.||1031. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. The marriage of Lord Semple's son is now done. Lady
Dacres, wife to Sir Thomas Dacres, late Marshal here, was
present thereat, he being her sister's son. She would not go
by Carlisle, and so pass by the Master of Maxwell; but came
hither, and passed by his safe conduct. She was well used
by that Queen, and at her departure presented with a chain
worth threescore pounds. The Queen there so misliked her
attire, which was very plain and comely after the English
manner, that, therefore, she lost the suit of apparel of the
French fashion which else the Queen would have given her.|
|2. Prays him to remember that order be given to make
provision for cattle against Easter; and also for the fortications that they may go forward.—Berwick, 10 March 1564.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|March 10.||1032. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Writes by Fowler. Bothwell has been in divers places, as
Haddington, with his mother, and elsewhere abroad, and
finds no safety for himself anywhere. Murray has made
earnest suit to the Queen that he might be put to the horn,
and in that suit joins Lethington also; whereunto it is said
she has granted. Murray follows the matter so earnestly,
as to have said that Scotland shall not hold them both. The
matter grows upon words spoken against Murray by Bothwell
in France. Will inquire and advertise. Some doubt, for all
that, how the Queen takes his coming.—Berwick, 10 March
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|March 10.||1033. Smith to Cecil.|
|Received his letters of 29th Dec. on the 8th inst. They
contained two proclamations, and thinks he sent them by
a Scottishman. Here is come De Florence, M. de Foix's
secretary. When he came to this town the writer sent to
ask him to come and speak with him. Next day the writer
sent his son to the town, who brought word that Florence
must go again immediately, so that he could not write by
him. Since Barlow went he has been ill, and despaired of
his life. Tarries here to take air.—Peponea, beside Toulouse,
10 March 1564, by the English account. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|March 10.||1034. Marsilio della Croce to Shers.|
|Forwards intelligences from Constantinople of 5 Feb.;
from Genoa of 27 Feb.; and from Rome of 3 March.—Venice,
10 March 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.
|March 10.||1035. Intelligences from Venice.|
|Venice, 10 March 1564. Intelligences. chiefly from Turkey,
Venice, Milan, Genoa, and Naples.|
Endd. Pp. 2.
|March 11.||1036. Conference at Bruges.|
|1. Instructions for the guidance of Viscount Montague, Dr.
Wotton, and Mr. Haddon at the conference at Bruges
with the King of Spain's Commissioners.|
|2. They shall bear in mind the former conferences and
treaties on the matter of the intercourse, and frame their
answers according to those given to D'Assonville's objections.|
|3. They shall show the antiquity and continuance of poundage, and that the Queen might reasonably advance it; also
that the statute of implements has been moderated of favour.
None of the payments for scavage, &c. have been augmented.
It is intended that no greater sums shall be demanded by the
customers than of ancient time was allowed by the treaty.|
|4. Where they complain that they have to pay greater
sums of money for the custom of woollen cloths, the commissioners may say that the Queen has not so much advantage
thereby as her progenitors had by the quantity of wool contained in the cloths; and also that all princes are setting new
taxes upon their subjects and people.|
|5. As for the laws which have been made since the intercourse containing certain prohibitions, these are not new,
but in some of them greater pains are added than before.|
|6. They shall explain the reasons for the prohibition of the
exportation of oxen, brass, beer, berrings, wood, &c., which
are all wanted in the realm; also the prohibition of carrying
things into the realm, as fresh fish, which last may be set at
|7. As for the law that if any Englishman lades wares in
stranger's bottoms he shall pay stranger's custom, they shall
show that formerly it was not allowed at all.|
|8. They may, if pressed, release some other prohibitions.
They shall have a sufficient memorial and collection made of
the ancient statutes and laws. As for the complaints of the
subjects of both realms, they shall have a book containing
the acts and judgments passed in the Admiralty Courts and
before the Commissioners, and see if any of the complaints
are the same whereof answer may be made by the book.|
|9. In cases of depredations they are to declare what special
commission was given to hear and determine that kind of
complaints. They are to let it appear by indirect speeches
that if the merchants of England may not be received with
goodwill in the Low Countries, they may have trade in other
countries with no small favour. Signed: J. Somer.|
Copy. Endd. Pp. 16.
|March 11.||1037. Another copy of the above. Signed: J. Somer.
|March 11.||1038. Petrus Bizzarus to Cecil.|
|Forwards intelligence from Constantinople of Jan. 23.—
Venice, 11 March 1565. Signed: Petrus Bizzarus, Perusinus.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
|March 12.||1039. Murray and Lethington to Leicester and Cecil.|
|Desire his favour for "the Master Marshall," called of late
to enter himself as a prisoner in England, with Sir Henry
Percy.—Edinburgh, 12 March 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|March 12.||1040. Lord Scrope to Bedford.|
|The Queen and Council having given him great charge for
the cause these gentlemen are sent hither for, and for that
their report upon the frontiers of both realms might be perfect,
he has taken upon himself to keep them the longer.—Carlisle,
12 March 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd.: Received the 15th of the same. Pp. 2.
|March 12.||1041. Promotion of Cardinals.|
|List of twenty-three cardinals promoted, 12 March.|
Orig., with a few additions by Stopio. P. 1.
|March 13.||1042. Murray and Lethington to Leicester and Cecil.|
|Desire him to labour for the suspension of the late edict
set forth by the Queen for tippets and caps. The multitude
will think that as the preachers wear the papists' apparel so
they approve of their doctrine.—Edinburgh, 13 March 1564.
Orig. in Maitland's hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|March 15.||1043. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Has received his of the 9th. Refers him to Randolph's
letters. Will cause Lent to be observed here. Captain
Brickwell and the rest are returned, having done the service
committed to them; the particularities thereof he shall hear
by Johnson, the surveyor, who comes hence about Tuesday
with the same, being commanded to repair up to the Commissioners for the Treasurer's matters. Sends two letters for
Lady Lennox.—Berwick, 15 March 1564. Signed.|
Orig., torn on outer margin. Add. Endd. by Cecil's
secretary. Pp. 2.
|March 15.||1044. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. This Queen is daily in hand with him to know how soon
the Queen will resolve what way she intends to conclude.
Of Bothwell's arrival he doubts not but Cecil is advertised,
for so the writer desired Bedford. The Queen now altogether
mislikes his coming home without her licence. She has
already sent a serjeant of arms to summon him to underlye
the law, which if he refuses to do he shall be pronounced
rebel. Because it is thought that he will leave this country
again, and perchance for a time seek refuge in England, the
writer is required to write to Cecil to be mean unto the
Queen, that he [Bothwell] may have no "receate" within her
realm, and that warning thereof may be given to the Queen's
officers, as he has already written to Bedford and Sir John
Foster. As Bothwell is charged by Murray, when he came
last out of France, to have spoken divers dishonourable words
against this Queen, and also to have threatened Murray and
Lethington that he would be the death of them at his return
into Scotland, and as Murray calls for witness of these words
Dandie Pringle, dwelling at Newcastle, Murray has written
himself, and also desired him [Randolph] to write to Pringle
to come hither touching those matters. Pringle at that time
was servant to Bothwell, and has promised, if he be called, to
verify the same.|
|2. Wrote to him of Lord Seaton having hurt Francis
Douglas, who is yet in peril of his life, and of Seaton being
pursued divers ways by Morton and Lethington; for which
cause he has now gotten leave to go into France to avoid the
cumber that he is fallen into.|
|3. The Lord of Argyle plainly mislikes the coming home of
Lord Darnley.—Edinburgh, 15 March 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|March 15.||1045. Marsilio della Croce to Shers.|
|Forwards intelligences from Vienna, of 28 Feb.; Rome,
of 12 March, and Vienna, of 9 March.—Venice, 15 March
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
|[March 15.]||1046. Another copy of the intelligences contained in the above
letter, with a list of the promotions in the congregation of
Copy. Ital. Pp. 4.