|August.||1341. Bedford to Captain Brickwell.|
|He is to declare the situation of Eyemouth, and the weakness and wants of the garrison of Berwick, and the rest of the
Marches, in men, provision, and munition. Signed.|
Orig. Endd. Pp. 3.
|August.||1342. Requests of the Captains of Berwick.|
|They desire that various kinds of provisions may be lowered
in price. Signed by Wm. Reed and eleven others.|
Orig. Endd. Pp. 3.
|August.||1343. Requests of the Captains of Berwick.|
|Objections to the above requests by the Lords of the Privy
Copy, signed by Oliver Claydon, in the absence of
Valentine Browne. Endd. Pp. 3.
|August.||1344. Requests of the Captains of Berwick.|
|Answers to the above, in the form of marginal notes, and
an abstract of the above in the handwriting of the Marquis of
Winchester and signed by him.|
Orig. Endd. Pp. 3.
|August.||1345. Requests of the Captains of Berwick.|
|Decision arrived at on the above subjects.|
Orig. Signed by Bedford. Pp. 4.
|August.||1346. Stores at Berwick.|
|Note by John Bennett of munition remaining in Berwick,
and of what things are wanted there. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Endd.: Aug. 1565. Pp. 2.
|[August?]||1347. Prices of Victuals at Berwick.|
|Order for the prices of victuals at Berwick for the soldiers
and labourers, so long as they do not exceed 1,500 men. The
penny loaf to contain 24 oz; a bottle of beer for 1d.; beef
and mutton, 2d. and 1½d.; butter 46s. 8d. and 56s. 8d. the
barrel; cheese, 33s. 4d. and 42s. 8d. the wey; stockfish, 3d.
each. Appended are regulations fixing the profits of victuallers
Endd. Pp. 3.
|[August?]||1348. James Nicholson and John Johnston to the Queen.|
|Their Sovereign has put them to great extremity, only
because they were employed to take from Mr. Thomworth the
first aid of money sent by her to the Lord of Murray. Their
goods have been confiscated and they are exiles in her realm.
Ask some support for their wives and children.|
Copy, in a Scottish hand. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|August.||1349. Traffic in the Low Countries.|
|It is agreed that the subjects of the Low Countries may
ship such number of cloths as they have yearly shipped
between 1550 and 1560, paying into the fellowship for every
short cloth at least 2s. 6d.|
Copy, dated by Cecil: Aug. 1565. P. 1.
|August.||1350. Conference at Bruges.|
|Short notes relating to the questions raised at the conference,
thirty-six in number.|
Orig. in Wotton's hol. Endd.: Agreement of the Merchant
Adventurers for the merchants of the Low Countries to ship
as many cloths yearly as they usually did ten years past.
Aug. 1565. Corrected by Cecil. Pp. 3.
|August 1.||1351. The Queen to Thomworth.|
|Gives the reasons why she is offended with the marriage of
the Queen of Scots, being chiefly the reception of the Earl of
Lennox and his son, they being her subjects, and the chance
of the dissolution of the amity betwixt their realms principally
through the suppression of religion in Scotland.—Richmond,
Draft, in Cecil's hol., with two endorsements by him: the
first, The Queen to Mr. Thomworth, sent to him after his
departure from Richmond; the second, A second instrument
for Mr. Thomworth, but not sent. Pp. 8.
|August 1.||1352. Lord Scrope to Cecil.|
|1: The Lords of the Congregation (upon the occasion that the
Master of Maxwell, whom they specially trusted, is gone to
the Queen and remains with her or her party) are determined
to request him by some means to draw the Master from her
to his charge.—Morpeth, 1 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—Has been for one day with Bedford at Berwick.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|August 1.||1353. Drury to Cecil.|
|Thanks for a warrant directed to Mr. Ashton to pay him
100l. for his charges in the absence of the Governor.—Berwick,
1 Aug. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|August 1.||1354. Pietro Bizzari to the Queen.|
|Sends her his book "De Optimo Principe," printed at Venice
and dedicated to her, together with some of his Latin poems.
Professions of devotion to her service.—Venice, 1 Aug. 1565.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
|August 1.||1355. Pietro Bizzari to Cecil.|
|Sends him two books, one entitled "De Optimo Principe,"
dedicated to the Queen, and the other, "Petri Bizzari Poemata,"
and desires him to be his Mecænas. Sends copies for Lord
Robert, himself [Cecil], and John Ashley. Among the poems
are some in praise of Cecil's wife and sisters, and of the Chancellor, which are to be shown to them. As it is now some
months since he has written to him every week, he is anxious
to hear from him.—Venice, Cal. Augusti 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
Lat: Pp. 4.
|August 2.||1356. Murray to Bedford|
|Desires his protection for his servant, Nichol Elphinston,
sent with a boat with some ordnance to Holy Island, for
eschewing present inconvenience.—Lochleven, 2 August 1565.
Orig. Add. Endd.: R. 8 Aug. Pp. 2.
|August 2.||1357. Randolph to Cecil.|
|Upon Wednesday they sat in council about the choice of
a lieutenant-general. Lennox was chiefly allowed, but not
yet resolved upon. It is determined that the Lord Gordon
shall be set at liberty, and that process used against Murray
that was used against his father, that is, to be warned within
six days to "compere," or to be pronounced rebel, and further
to pursue him according to the law. It appears that their
hasty choler to ride upon him is delayed. This day the
warning is gone to Murray, the Earl of Rothes, and the Laird
of Grange. Of her Grace's departure out of this town he is
not yet assured. This day received Cecil's letters of the
25th and 28th. The coming hither of any man from the
Queen will serve to good purpose, both that this Queen shall
know how much she has been abused by such assurances as
have been made unto her of the friendship that she shall find
amongst the Papists of England, and also that such as are pursued shall know that the Queen will not suffer them in their just
action to be overthrown. Of the manner and circumstances
of the refusal of Lennox and Darnley to return, Cecil shall
hear. Knows not how these 300 men and the 100 horsemen
shall be employed. Does not a little wonder from whence
these old angels are gotten that pay them their wages.—
Edinburgh, 2 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|August 2.||1358. Intelligences from Italy.|
|Notices of recent occurrences in Italy, chiefly respecting the
proceedings of the Pope.|
Copy. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
|August 3.||1359. Colburn to Cecil.|
|1. It appears to him that the Papists of England and
Scotland and those here are after some great conspiracy.|
|2. Stays at the Court to learn more. The Duke of Savoy
has caused his Huguenots to avoid his borders. The Cardinal
of Lorraine besieges certain towns.—3 August. Signed, George
|3. P.S.—Asks him to close and forward certain letters.|
Orig. Hol., with Smith's seal. Add. Endd.: 3 Aug.
1565, Capt. Colborne to Mr. Secretary. Pp. 2.
|August 3.||1360. Minute to the English Commissioners at Bruges.|
|Gives them instructions as to what they are to agree to in
the different articles proposed. If any stay is like to grow
for anything belonging to the Queen's subjects, she minds not
to bind them too straightly, but in things touching her own
interest they are to advertise her.|
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 9.
|August 5.||1361. Bedford to the Queen.|
|1. He has received her resolution touching the Elwoods,
whereupon he has had conference with the Lord Warden
touching some secret succours to be given them, and some way
to be devised for annoyance of Lord Hume and Cessford,
which shall be done accordingly. The 4th instant came hither
Mr. Thomworth, who brought him her commission aforesaid,
for which he thanks her, and therewith her letter touching
that commission. Has published the commission here, and
means not only to do the like in other places of his charge,
but also to appoint an assembly of the best and meetest of
all these shires and places for an order to be generally observed
in the execution of the same.|
|2. Hears that the Queen of Scotland means to fortify at
Eyemouth, and to work also all annoyance and hurt to the realm
of England. The store of victuals here will not serve above
twelve or fourteen days.—Berwick, 5 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
|August 5.||1362. Rowland Forster to Bedford.|
|The Elwaths [Elliots] have overthrown the Scots, and slain
many of them. The Laird of "Hakupe" (whose name was
Charltoune, and who dwelt in Tiviotdale) was slain on Friday
last in Jedwart forest in stealing; "ane tuik him on the heid,
and dang out all his harnes." Has appointed watches and
also beacons to be kept.—Wark, 5 August. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Pp. 12.
|August 6.||1363. Phayre to Cecil.|
|The noise of the shot of the ordnance and battery of
Malta not having been heard in Italy for three days, it
is thought that all is lost. Ascanio De la Cornea has been
released, but has given to the Pope 25,000 ducats and two
towns in the Romagna. A certain person desired the King's
letters of favour to the Pope, and was answered no, for that
there was no amity between them, so good as he could write
unto him. In Toledo on the 15th a conference of the grandees
and bishops is appointed; the principal cause is for the
declaration of the Council of Trent. Begs to be provided with
his allowance. The King is at Segovia with the Queen and
all the ladies.—Madrid, 6 August 1565. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 4.
|August 7.||1364. Thomworth's Speech to the Queen of Scots.|
|Has been sent to inform her that the Queen of England
finds her proceedings very strange with respect to her marriage, the detaining of the Earl of Lennox and his son, and her
indirect dealing in the mission of Mr. John Hay. The Queen
also requests to be resolved of a somewhat obscure sentence in
her letter, and that her fugitives and offenders may not be
sheltered. She admonishes her that she is much abused to
conceive indignation against her faithful subjects, and advises
her not to make any alteration in religion; she also wishes
her not to conceive evil of the Earl of Murray.|
Copy. Endd. Pp. 6.
|August 7.||1365. Randolph to Cecil.|
|Yesterday Murray was put to the horn, and proclamation
made that all Lothian men should attend upon the Queen
with fourteen days' provision. Believes her purpose will be
stayed. This day the Lord Ambassador shall have audience,
who yesterday spoke with Lethington. There is variety and
change of purpose in those who are our directors.—Edinburgh, 7 August 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|August 7.||1366. Mundt to Cecil.|
|The Emperor's army in Hungary from want of succour has
retreated. His general, Schwend, has burnt a town, which
would have gone over to the Vaivode. The Elector of
Saxony has sent 1,000 horse to the Emperor. The Emperor
is said to have 6,000 horse and 24,000 foot. The Duchess of
Lorraine and her daughter have set out for Lower Germany,
whither also goes George John the Palatine with his wife,
the sister of the King of Sweden. A Spaniard named Salsedo
(who has had the administration for twenty years of the
bishopric of Metz for the Cardinal, and has amassed great
wealth) agreed with the Queen Mother, if he might be invested with the French order, to pretend a quarrel with the
Cardinal, and to turn out all his ministers from his castles
and towns. The Duke of Aumale however, in defence of his
brother, sent some soldiers into the bishopric. The French
King has commanded them both to cease from arms, and has
occupied some of the strongest places. Gives the movements
of different German princes.—Strasburg, 7 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
Lat. Pp. 3.
|August 8.||1367. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. Yesterday at Ridingborne he held a day of Trewe with
the Laird of Cessford. Nothing was done there but in the
Queen's name; albeit some gentlemen present would have had
their King to have been named also, whereunto he answered
he had no commission to deal but with such as he was first
directed unto at his coming hither. Cessford might easily be
enticed to become of the other side; whereunto Lords Ogilvy
and Lindsey are now returned, for some strait handling used
to some of them. On Monday last, Murray was put to the
horn. Fowler has taken shipping, some say into Flanders,
and some into France.—Berwick, 8 August 1565. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—"By this letter enclosed you shall see how fearful
my Lord of Murray was for the safe return of his man out
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|August 8.||1368. Lee to Cecil.|
|Asks money for the despatch of those he would discharge,
and to certify what number shall be continued this winter
for burning lime and making other provisions.—Berwick,
8 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|August 8.||1369. Smith to Leicester and Cecil.|
|1. August 8. There is news from Malta that the castle
of the port is won by the Turks by eight or nine assaults.
Lazarus Swendel has had great success against the Turk
in Transylvania, so that truce shall be taken betwixt the
Emperor and the Turk.|
|2. August 14. De Ramboillet is returned from Rome. The
matter between the Pope and the Duke of Florence and the
Duke of Ferrara is appeased.|
|3. August 18. At the King's coming to Angoulême a bruit
was raised that the Huguenot princes and noblemen were
coming toward the Court, and had raised a great number of
men of war, intending to make such a tumult as at Amboise
in King Francis' time. The King sent for all his archers
and companies about him, and came in as almost in war to
Angoulême. Count Rochefoulcault, understanding this, came
and declared to the King and Queen that these tales were
|4. It is said in the Court that Salzede is not slain, but
that the Cardinal of Lorraine and the Duke D'Aumale have
taken two of those towns and castles whereof Captain Salzede
has the keeping for the King.|
|5. De Mauvisiere is again sent into England, and from
thence into Scotland. He shall present to the new King of
Scots two horses richly apparelled, which the Duke of Savoy
sent to the King here. It is said that he, the King of Scots,
and his father, have promised to come into France within
three months after the marriage.|
|6. The castle of Cognac where the King lies is kept with
a great number of men of war and arquebusiers, and three
or four companies of men-at-arms are appointed to follow
the Court, as though they were in some fear. The Prince
of Conde was sent for from Nerac. Bruley, Captain of Rieux,
who was sent to him, is returned, and is sent to him again.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
|August 10.||1370. Thomworth and Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Upon Sunday night he [Thomworth] arrived at Edinburgh,
and next day considered the matter committed to his charge
(by Randolph's advice) to talk with Lethington, who durst
not have to do with him until he knew the Queen's pleasure.
Having obtained her leave he came to them, with whom they
could not have so much talk as they desired. Understood by
Lethington that there was little hope of any reconciliation
between the Queen and Murray. By him also found that so
great misliking has proceeded from the Queen, Lennox, and
Darnley towards the noblemen of this country, and such a
hatred entered into their hearts, that credit cannot be had
neither of word nor writing that passes between them She
remains always in mind to pursue them to the uttermost.|
|2. Upon Monday Murray was declared rebel, and put to
the horn. Upon Tuesday letters were directed to the Duke
and the Earl of Argyll that they should not assist, comfort,
or support Murray, or any of those that assist him. Upon
Wednesday a new charge was given to the gentlemen of
Lothian to attend upon the Queen into Fife with fifteen days'
provision, as by letter enclosed he shall perceive. Divers
gentlemen in divers parts, of whom she has suspicion to favour
Murray, are commanded to ward in the north parts of Scotland, but yet hears of few that obey it.|
|3. Upon Tuesday this Queen gave them audience. The
same night Lethington came again from the Queen, desiring
that he [Thomworth] should recite again to Lethington the
matters he had propounded to her, which he did.|
|4. Has given this Queen occasion to make some offers to
the Queen, which he suppose she will, whereupon he shall
have occasion to use his last instruction.|
|5. Besides conference with her and Lethington, they have
also privately talked with some others of knowledge and
credit, and find it confirmed that there is no likelihood of any
accord between her and these noblemen. Divers others there
are, whose names he omits for good respects; but if Cecil
remembers such as the Queen and he [Cecil] doubted of, they
now are content, when time comes, to take open part, and
thereof the writer can most certainly assure him.|
|6. Has had some sharp words that bite the quick in the
answer given to the sentence in the letter. Finds her marvellous stout, and such as he never would have believed, which
he thinks grows rather of the good advertisements received out
of England than of any good will or surety she has at home.|
|7. The Duke, Argyll, Murray, and Rothes are together in
Argyll, attending only to see what the Queen will do, and
which way she will bend her face. Without the Queen's
support they will be in time overthrown, where now a small
thing will help them, and such a bargain made as she had
|8. Sees their necessity so great, and is so earnestly pressed
from Murray and the rest, upon Her Majesty's promise for
their relief, that he must send to Berwick for the money he
left there, which he means to deliver to such here as by
Murray are appointed to receive the same.—Edinburgh, 10
August 1565. Signed.|
Orig., in Randolph's hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|August 10.||1371. Thomworth and Randolph to Leicester.|
|The state here they find so troublesome that it passes their
wits to consider which way it may be brought to a good end.
If these noblemen have no support of the Queen they are in
the end like to be overthrown. Their action shortly shall be
manifested to be such, as many others will take their parts
that have as just cause to be offended as the others. This
Queen stands in marvellous fear of the Queen, and yet at the
return of Beton gave forth to all such as she spake unto that
the Queen has promised that in the quarrel between Mary and
her subjects she will not meddle. Many take courage that Her
Majesty, having so many occasions to be offended with her,
will so provide that once she may taste what it is to have
provoked her displeasure. So good an opportunity should not
be let slip.—Edinburgh, 10 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig., in Randolph's hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|August 10.||1372. Thomworth to Leicester.|
|1. The lords here are in great perplexity, so mortally hated
of the Queen and that faction that it is not possible to reconcile them. Some greater matter is in it than is fit to be
written, which he perceives by the talk he had with her. The
more he travails in the Queen's behalf for them the worse
they speed, as it appeared that the day after his arrival
Murray was put to the horn, and she has refused utterly that
the Queen shall meddle to compound the controversies
between her subjects and her, who, as far as he can perceive,
as mortally hate her as she does them. If he intends to save
or do anything good unto these noblemen, bids him look well
about him, and stay not hereafter.|
|2. "The advice you willed me to give serveth to no
purpose."—Edinburgh, 10 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig., in Randolph's hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|August 10. (fn. 1) ||1373. The Queen's Reply to the Envoy of the Emperor. (fn. 2) |
|There are three considerations in the matter of the Queen's
|1. That the person who shall be approved of on account of
his gifts of mind and body shall conform to the Queen's
|2. That the same conditions and engagements shall be
entered into as were done at the marriage of Philip II. and
Queen Mary by Charles V.|
|3. That it should be known how much he will bring annually into the kingdom for his expenses, and what patrimony
his father will leave him.—Windsor, 10 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Endd. by Cecil: 11 Aug. 1565. Responsum Reginæ datum
oratori Cæsaris Wyndesoriæ. Lat. Pp. 2.
|August 11.||1374. Bedford to the Queen.|
|Asks that provisions be sent hither. Mentions other
matters, whereof he wrote this day to Cecil.—Berwick, 11
Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig., with armorial seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|August 11.||1375. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. The garrison here will shortly be as destitute of provisions as it is of money. Was yesterday at a day of Trewe,
where he met Lord Hume, who came with the whole power
of the March, and were in number to the English as many
more; but a small company of the arquebusiers had hence,
together with the ordinary number that commonly go, caused
the Scotch both to leave off to make proclamation in their
King's name (which they had determined to do), and also
to grant to all justice that he could require.|
|2. Randolph between Edinburgh and Leith was lately
assaulted by a Scotchman that sometime was his horsekeeper,
who had six more with him, and Randolph fewer. No harm
was done. Mr. Thomworth in parting the affray had his
cloak stricken through. The Scot is committed to prison by
Lethington; he was set on thus to do by better than himself.
Foweler did not embark, for he is still at the Court.—Berwick,
11 August 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|August 11.||1376. The Marquis and Marchioness of Baden to Alderman
|Letter of credit for 10,000 dollars sent by Mr. North.
—Emden, 11 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Copy. Lat. Pp. 2.
|August 11.||1377. Commission for George North.|
|Commission from Christopher Marquis and Cecilia Marchioness of Baden for George North to receive at London
certain monies due to them.—Emden, 11 Aug. 1565.
Signed: Cecilia, Christoffer.|
Copy. Endd. Lat. Pp. 2.
|August 11.||1378. Commission for George North.|
|Commission for George North to receive money in London
for the Marquis and Marchioness of Baden. — Emden, 11
Copy, attested by Leonard Duckett, alderman. Lat.
|August 12.||1379. The Queen to Bedford.|
|If he shall perceive manifestly that the Queen of Scots
minds to fortify Eyemouth he is to omit no time but cause
the place to be taken and kept; he is however to be well
advised what reports he credits. If any message comes in the
name of the Lord Darnley, he is to protest that he has no
warrant to accept anything in his name in any other condition
than her subject.|
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd.: 12 Aug. 1565. Pp. 4.
|August 12.||1380. Copy of the above, the additions and corrections inserted.|
Endd. 12 Aug. 1565. Pp. 4.
|August 12.||1381. The Answer of the Queen of Scots to Thomworth.|
|She did communicate her intended marriage to the Queen
by Mr. Hay. She has perfect knowledge of the allowance of
the principal princes of Christendom thereto. It cannot be
found strange for her to detain within her realm that person
with whom she is joined in marriage, nor yet any Earl of
Scotland. Desires that the Queen will not meddle with any
matters within the realm of Scotland. She does not mean to
make any innovation in religion. Desires the Queen to
meddle no further concerning the Earl of Murray, or any
other subject of Scotland, than she [Mary] has meddled concerning England. Requests that she will liberate the Countess
Copy, in a Scottish hand. Endd. partly by Randolph and
partly by Cecil. Pp. 5.
|August 12.||1382. Another copy of the above.|
|August 13.||1383. Offers of the King and Queen of Scots.|
|1. Promise not to do anything to the prejudice of the Queen's
title, or enter into any league against her. They are content to
enter into a confederation with her and her realm. They will
never procure any innovation of the religion, laws, or liberties
|August 13.||2. The Queen on her part is to establish the succession to the
crown of England in the heirs of the Countess of Lennox.
She is not to practise with any subjects of Scotland, nor to
enter into any league against them.|
Copy, in Randolph's hol., and endd. by him: 13 Aug.
1565; and by Cecil: Brought by Mr. Tamworth. Pp. 4.
|August 13.||1384. Another copy of the above.|
Endd. Pp. 4.
|August 13.||1385. Another copy of the above.|
Endd. by Randolph. Pp. 4.
|August 14.||1386. The Laird of Ormiston to Cecil.|
|Complains of the unjust dealing of William Raby and
William Stringer, who will not repay him money which he
has spent for the ransom of the former.—Edinburgh, 14 Aug.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|August 15.||1387. M. de Foix to Cecil.|
|1. Will be at Windsor on Friday to communicate to the
Queen that which he has been directed to do by the Queen
Mother.—London, 15 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
|2. P.S.—Asks him to forward a letter which he has written
to the Queen of Scots.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Fr. Pp. 2.
|August 15.||1388. Gusman de Silva to Cecil.|
|Has written letters to the Queen, and begs his assistance
for the purpose of repressing the depredations on his master,
the King of Spain.—London, 15 Aug. 1565. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Lat.