|Feb. 1.||957. Lethington to Cecil.|
|1. Received his friendly letter of the 25th ult., much to his
comfort. Willingly embraces his affection to do good in this
matter. Since the beginning of their acquaintance has wished
to conform himself and his actions to the imitation of Cecil's,
so in this will follow his footsteps as nigh as he can. In
divers of Cecil's former letters has perceived as it were the
linaments, yet not of long time in any other, the image of
his good meaning so lively expressed as in his last.|
|2. He writes that whosoever has gone about to draw him
into any suspicion of the contrary, has done him wrong.
Assures him he never knew any man here go about any
such matter, nor yet could at any time perceive the sincerity
of his meaning to be called in doubt, either by the Queen
or those about her. The writer has found some lack in
Cecil, in that he was either too slow or too fearful in
setting forward the work which he knew to be good for both
the countries, which conceit he did not dissemble to him in
his letters, yet as of purpose accused his slowness to encourage and spur him forward; so on the other part he defended
and excused his doings to himself and others, imputing the
same rather to the nature of the cause than lack of goodwill,
as indeed on that behalf Randolph has made manifest to
them by communication of such letters as contained any
testimonies of his devoution. There is no earthly thing he
more delights and rejoices in than private friendship, and
betwixt themselves, which, for the places of credit they
occupy, must be the chief instrument to establish the like
betwixt these two Princes. Points out what glory it shall
be, not only whilst they live but after death, to be named
the chief doers in so godly a work as the union of these two
nations. Urges him to go forward in the work he has already
built upon so good foundation; and to this end he will join
with him as he shall devise for the purpose.—St. Andrew's,
1 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
|Feb. 3.||958. Enemies and Friends of the Earl of Lennox.|
|1. Enemies at the departure of Lennox from England;
viz.:—All the Protestants of the realm, the Hamiltons, the
Bishops of St. Andrew's and Glasgow, the Abbot of Kilwining,
the "alliants" of the late Cardinal of St. Andrew's and all
the Scotts; the Earl of Argyll and all the Campbells; the
Earl of Glencarne and all the Grahams; the Earls of Eglinton
and Cassells; Huntley's house and James McConnell of the
Isles; Lord James and Lethington in their hearts mislike
Lennox; the Earl of Morton (Chancellor), the young Earl of
Angus, and all the Douglasses, with the Justice Clerk Macgil; Lords Maxwell, Erskine, Livingston, Fleming, Yester,
and Borthwick; the Earls of Montrose, Rathoes, Marshall,
and the Leslies, being Protestants. "Of these may be won
[to the Queen's purposes] (fn. 1) partly in hope that Darnley will
embrace religion (which I doubt will never be), partly by
preferment of spiritual lands, partly by money, and partly
put in force by the authority and in respect of other insolent
|2. Friends hoped upon at his depature; viz., the Humes
and Karrs; the Earls Bothwell (of no force now), Atholl and
Errol; the Lords Ruthven and Seaton. "The Queen being
his chief countervaile, thinketh for the Duke's overthrow, if
she can bring it to pass, to advance Lennox as her heir apparent, failing of her issue . . . If the Queen can bring it
about, division shall follow. The overthrow of religion is
pretensed. The French to be reconciled there and their aid
again to be craved . . . . Take care ye suffer not Châttherault
to be overthrown, and in the end advance him who shall
become enemy to this realm . . . . And therefore betimes
seek ways to stop the tide and fill their hands full at home,
which may well enough be done."|
Orig. in a Scottish hand, headed: 3 Feb. 7 Eliz. For Sir
Nicolas Frogmertyne. Endd. Pp. 4.
|Intelligences from Abroad.|
|Feb. 3.||959. Intelligences from Spain, 31 Oct.; from Brussels, 14 Jan.;
and from Rome, 28 Jan. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 4.||960. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Suit being made for Mr. Bennett's office by divers there,
trusts he considers of his long service, and what would
become of him and his if he should be sent from it. Asks
him to stand good to Captain Wood and Rowland Forster.
Sends a letter from Lennox to his wife. Received a letter
this day from the Council of the last ult.—Berwick, 4 Feb.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 5.||961. Randolph to the Queen.|
|1. Repaired to St. Andrew's, and presented her letter to
the Queen of Scots, which was well liked. She lodged in a
merchant's house, and her train was few. Randolph for the
time which he tarried dined and supped with her. After
three days he desired to know her resolution touching the
matters propounded at Berwick by the Earl of Bedford and
himself to Murray and Lethington. She said that she sent
for him to be merry and see how like a bourgeois wife she
lived with her little troop, and he would spoil their pastime
with his grave matters. If he was weary he might return to
Edinburgh and keep his gravity and great embassade until
the Queen came, for he would not get her there. Very
merrily she passes her time. After dinner she rides abroad.
She spoke much of France for the honour and friendship
shown her, for which she is bound to love the nation. To
lose such friends without assurance of as good no one would
advise her. If his mistress would use her as her natural-born
sister she would show no less readiness to oblige and honour
her than her mother or elder sister; but if she will always
repute her as her neighbour Queen of Scots, how willing
soever she be to live in amity, yet must she not look for that
which otherwise she would. Until they have further proceeded she must apply her mind to the advice of those who
seem to tender most her profit.|
|2. To this long discourse Randolph did not much reply.
For her affection towards France he said that whatsoever
she had found, her country had felt the smart. As for those
matters upon which the Queen of England stood, they were
so great that they could not soon be resolved, and it were
better to let them come of themselves, than to urge them by
force. She denied that she had ever talked of them before.
He said that her ministers had.|
|3. She again expressed strong desire for the Queen of England's amity, whereon he asked if she would give her assistance for the recovery of Calais, at which she laughed. He
commended her good mind and opinion of his mistress, and so
ended that no small matter should make her over hasty either
to enter league with any or to match herself.|
|4. He asked her how she liked the suit of the Earl of Leicester. She answered that such one as the Queen his mistress did
so well like to be her husband if he were not her subject, ought
not to mislike her to be hers. "Marry what I shall do it lieth
in your mistresses will, who shall wholly guide me and rule
|5. Made a general rehearsal afterwards of this whole conference to the Earl of Murray and Lethington, who were very
glad; but without that principal point whereupon the Queen
of England is to decide, they neither dare earnestly press her
nor yet of themselves are willing; for that in honour otherwise they see not how she can accord to her advice, or so
bend herself unto her. Has found Lethington's dealing
hitherto honest. Begs her to send some one hither of experience and judgment to entreat of that matter.—Edinburgh,
5 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 11.
|Feb. 5.||962. Randolph to Cecil.|
|Refers to his letter to the Queen. Queen Mary is wholly
advised in these matters by the two Lords, and they are as
fully bent to do what they can that both Sovereigns may be
satisfied. They assure him this Queen is earnestly solicited
other ways, and that necessity compels her shortly to resolve.
They desire yet some other resolution than that which was
last written to them from him, which they find hard; and,
if he remains in those terms, they see not how that may
insue here which he desires. Touching the answer of the
conference at Berwick, they think it not good that it were
hastily pressed, for they think that, when he has again
thought of the matter, he will find it not so hastily to be
cut off, as perchance it may be, if he remains always in those
terms he is found in. They will bend themselves to persuade
their Sovereign to apply her mind unto the Queen in anything that may be to her honour. They think nothing well
of his return, but wish it to be deferred. All resolutions of
this Queen's mind are referred until she comes here, where
she will not be yet for 14 days. The four days he was at
St. Andrew's he dined and supped at her table. Was desired
to by her to tarry with her until she should come here; but,
because he knew that it could not be without her discomodity lodging in gentlemen's houses, he desired leave to
return here. Purposes to ride to Berwick to see Bedford.
The winter was never extremer; sicknesses, for the time of
year, never so many. The Queen and her Court have only
escaped, who were never merrier. He shall hear a fond tale;
up and down this town, these three nights past, there have
been about midnight many armed men in the streets, fighting
one with the other. The strokes they say are heard, the
clamours of men great, no blood shed nor taken of any that
came there. Of this matter they lack not to prognosticate
many things to come.—Edinburgh, 5 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 5.||963. Charles Cocquiel and Paulus Tucker to Gresham.|
|Remind him of his promise, on which they have made their
account.—Antwerp, 5 Feb. 1564. Signed by them as executors of Lazarus Tucker.|
Orig. Add. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 5.||964. Intelligences from Abroad.|
|Intelligences from Constantinople, 5 Feb. 1565; from
Rome, 3 March; and from Genoa, 27 Feb.|
Orig. Add. to Cecil. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 5.||965. Another copy of the above, with variations towards the
Orig. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 6.||966. Smith to Cecil.|
|Prays him to send this packet with speed to Berwick, and
so to the Court of Scotland. He can guess from whom it is
who desires at this time to tell the first news. The negotiations come by Mr. Borthwick, possibly the bearer hereof.
—Toulouse, 6 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd.: For Cockburn's packet.
|Feb. 6.||967. Christoval Calvert de Estrella to Challoner.|
|Has been detained at Vallidolid, and arrived here only
very recently, consequently has been unable to give much
attention to Challoner's business, in which he will now do
his best. The Prior of England has commanded him to give
to Challoner the accompanying book and letter.—Salamanca,
6 Feb. 1565.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received, 27
Feb. 1564. Span. Pp. 2.
Labanoff, i. 234.
|968. Queen Mary to the Queen.|
|Desires justice for Walter Brechin and Andrew Brechin,
merchants of Aberdeen, who have been plundered by English
pirates.—At the Struther, 7 Feb. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Broadside.
|Feb. 7.||969. Bedford to the Privy Council.|
|1. Received theirs of the 30th ult., and perceives their pleasure is that as well Mr. Bennett, Captain Wood, and Rowland
Forster, as others here in his charge, being touched in this
matter of coining, should be proceeded upon according to the
laws; and after the same done the execution stayed. The
first that shall be proceeded upon shall be Partridge the
goldsmith, and his man.|
|2. Intercedes for Bennett, Wood, and Forster; and that
Bennett with his life may keep his office still, for else he is
|3. Randolph has by his means to the Queen of Scotland
(not without some complaints first made upon the Laird of
Cessford), obtained so much as now he has better justice than
ever he had here.—Berwick, 7 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 7.||970. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. The mayor and his brethren here, who have commission,
lack a lawyer. Partridge the goldsmith, and Partridge's man,
shall be the first, and the others he shall stay till he hears of
the pleasure of the Council and Cecil herein. By keeping
Partridge's counsel Bennett has brought himself into the
briars. Of the money for the ship for the Greames there lacks
part of the first sum of 400l., and he is driven to levy it as
if it were upon the spoil of them in time of service.|
|2. Here has been of late good justice done by the warden
of Scotland, and they have had above 160 bills filed.—Berwick,
7 Feb. 1564.|
|P.S.—Lord Scrope is looked for at Carlisle in three or four
days. As he had done this came these letters from Randolph,
who will be here to-morrow. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 7.||971. John Fitzwilliams to Cecil.|
|Gilles Ostman has complained to the court, but has found
small comfort. He and others have requested the Regent
and Council that certain might be appointed to gather together
all such griefs as might be thought meet to be given over at
the Diet. The magistrates of this town wish not to have to
do with it. The Chancellor has promised them to persuade
his son-in-law, M. D'Assonville, to be reasonable. The Count
Egmont is parted towards Spain in post. The Turk is arming
for the seas. The Duke of Florence is found to be an aider
of the rebels in Corsica.—Antwerp, 7 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|[Feb. 7.]||972. [Challoner] to Doctor Vasquez.|
|Intercedes in favour of certain Englishmen who had been
apprehended on the charge of being Lutherans.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. In the favour of Barrett's
matter. Half torn off. Span. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 7.||973. [Challoner] to —.|
|In favour of certain English merchants, who had made
themselves obnoxious to the laws of Spain.—7 Feb. 1565.|
Copy. Half torn off. Span. P. 1.
|[Feb. 7.]||974. [Challoner] to Don Gomez Capata.|
|Renews a previous application for a favour which he wishes
to be granted.|
Copy. Half torn off. Span. P. 1.
|Feb. 7.||975. Thomas Parker to Challoner.|
|Was driven back to the coast of Spain by foul weather.
The day they departed from Vermewe [Bermeo] they took a
bark laden with salmon and wine. Is glad of the coming of
his servant Robert with his despatch. — Castro, 7 Feb.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Chaloner, 7 Feb. 1564.
|Feb. 7.||976. Intelligences from Abroad.|
|Intelligences from Milan, 7 Feb. 1565; from Genoa, 9 Feb.;
from Rome, 17 Feb.; from Tolouse, 10 Feb.; and from Venice,
Orig. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 8.||977. Albert Knopper's Receipt.|
|Acknowledges the receipt of a golden chain from the Queen.
—8 Feb. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Endd. 8 Feb. 1564. Lat. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 9.||978. Lethington to Cecil.|
|Requests redress for Walter Brechin, of Aberdeen, who has
been plundered by English pirates.—St. Mynance [?], 9 Feb.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 9.||979. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. The Queen, being so minded, as he writes, not to marry
in the realm, cannot mislike the party Cecil takes. But
laments that, so good occasions being offered by congratulation and condolence, the time has been so lost. Wots not
what to think of the two persons with whom Cecil deals.
Not only suspects the first, but knows that he has not the
will; he who deals with Cecil now has the will, but is of
questionable authority and weight. Hopes soon to have an
answer thence, and then will be able to guess what is likely.
What this tickling of the French and this desire of interview
means, he cannot tell. In his letters to the Queen, Cecil
may understand what he means.|
|2. If they have any understanding of Charles of Austria,
this is but a step to amuse, while provision may be made for
the rest. The French have time enough to dally; the Queen
not so. Knows not how the Queen does or will or may take
this French offer. Prays him let him know in his next.—
Toulouse, 9 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd., by Cecil's secretary.
|Feb. 10.||980. Smith to Cecil.|
|1. Of their Commissioners for Flanders he takes the choice
good. The continuance of the Emden trade is not without
reason. It shall be always a bridle to the other, if they
begin to wax insolent again. Wrote to him who seeks to
match the young Duke of Guise with the Scotch Queen
They were never more earnest than at this present, and
somewhat more earnest than he thinks the Queen here would
have them. As for Steward's practise he cannot think it
likely to take any effect. Possibly the Cardinal may make
a show to put the Prince of Condé in some fool's paradise,
as he did his brother. The Cardinal of Lorraine and that
house rule as much as they can the Scotch Queen. It is time
for the Protestants to look about them. The Pope and
Papists are driven, as it appears, to adventure some desperate
|2. They tarry here yet a month or six weeks and then
they go to Bayonne, where the Spanish Queen should meet
the King and his mother; which done, they go to Bordeaux,
where they shall be in May or June. They talk here also
of the revocation of M. de Foix, and that De Forest should
come thither. That Foix should go to Spain he doubts, and
so do others, for that his religion is too well known, and
King Philip is very scrupulous in those matters, whom at
present they will not offend.|
|3. Here was a practise in hand to have changed all the
Scottish guard, because the most part will not go to the
mass, and some served in Newhaven. And the Queen of
Scots should have named such as are of the old religion, and
had never served nor would serve England. The Earl of
Bothwell should have been captain of them.|
|4. Many who have lands and pensions of the abbeys newly
suppressed in Scotland have confirmation thereof from Rome.
Was told that they had all, even the pillars of the congregation, and was promised that he should see it. On the 8th
inst. the King here sat in the Parliament. That day there
were made twenty-four or twenty-eight Knights of the Order.
Sends herewith the names of twelve of them. The Duke of
Orleans, the Bishop of Auxerre, and divers other knights of
the order, shall go five or six journies into Spain to meet the
Queen before she comes into France.|
|5. De Chantonet had not, on the 5th inst., arrived at the
Emperor's court, but tarries about Dole or Besançon. He
shall be no acceptable person in that court, where are many
who cannot favour the practices of the brother of the Cardinal
|6. Sent him a packet of letters dated the 17th of Dec.,
with M. de L'Aubespine's packet to the French ambassador,
wherein he has his negotiation with the King touching the
prisoners in the galleys. What he wrote of the postillion
being hanged, it was L'Aubespine that told it him.—Toulouse, 10 Feb. 1564.|
|7. P.S.—Because he should not want news, sends the
news of Ronsard, the archpoet of France, sent him from
Paris. That busy Bishop of Carlisle has made much turmoil
amongst the prebends there. Wishes the Bishop had as much
wisdom and goodwill as he has tongue. Goes not about to
excuse the prebendaries; as they have done, so let them have.
But there is one Michell, whom the writer left his vice-dean,
who has almost alone held up that church, he means for
worldly policy, and to bring it out of debt; every prebendary
in these changes catching for himself and friends what he
could. If Michell should be constrained to leave it, he fears
the church would not stand long. Knows the fashion of those
countrymen well enough; but what betwixt the Bishop and
them, this twelvemonth and more the writer cannot get a
penny of them. Prays him to help to take some order with
them that at the least he may have his duty. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary.
|Feb. 10.||981. Stopio to Benedetto Spinula.|
|Intelligences from Genoa, 26 Jan. 1564; from Rome,
3 Feb.; from Vienna, 2 Feb.; and from Antwerp, 27 Feb.—
Venice, 10 Feb. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. (fn. 2) Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 10.||982. Marsilio della Croce to Shers.|
|Forwards intelligences from Brussels, 20 Jan.; from Genoa,
26 Jan.; and from Rome, 3 Feb.—Venice, 10 Feb. 1565.
Orig., with seal. Add. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 11.||983. Bedford to Leicester.|
|Lord Darnley came hither yesterday, and is gone this day
hence. Mr. Secretary wrote of Darnley's coming, which he
received not two days before his arrival. Randolph is here
for a few days while the Queen be returned over the water
again. Asks a favourable answer for these poor men here.
Trusts he will procure him leave to come up; the twelvemonth promised is almost expired. Prays him continue his
wonted aid to the overthrow of that devise of tippets and
caps, and not let the persuasions of uniformity and comeliness take place as to drive out the godly.—Berwick, 11 Feb.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 11.||984. Bedford to Cecil.|
|1. His of the 5th instant he received on the 9th, with letters
for Lord Darnley, who came yesterday. Mentions matters of
which he this day wrote to Leicester.|
|2. Asks his help for order to be given for the Lenten provisions, whereof he sent him a note in his of the 30th ult.,
and to help them to some money. Also for order to be given
for the going forward of the fortifications. Also, to remember
the pardons for Selby and the rest.—Berwick, 11 Feb. 1564.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 12.||985. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Arrived here upon Thursday last, and minds upon
Monday next to return to Edinburgh, where the Queen will
be a few days after. Perceives by Cecil's letter of the 5th
what means have been made, both by Lord Robert and him,
for licence for Lord Darnley to come into Scotland. Cecil's
considerations herein are enough to satisfy the writer (how
loth soever he is) that any comfort should be taken here by
any to think that through his presence the purpose of the
writer should be subverted, or that they that have stood in
amity with his Sovereign should be grieved or offended that
any such should be licensed to come into the country, of
whom there is much conceived against, both by word and
writing. Randolph's mind was ever to obey her Majesty, but
how to fashion this that it may be both to her honour and
contentment he must be supported by Cecil's advice, for he
knows not what to think or how to behave himself.|
|2. The news of the Cardinal coming to Paris was reported
to the Queen before the coming of the writer from St. Andrew's,
whereat she was sorry, and doubts of the danger that may ensue
to him through the malice of his evil willers, of whom she
esteems the whole house of Montmorency.|
|3. Requests that whatsoever is further intended, some
signification may shortly be had thereof, before he be forced
at the Queen's return to press her for her resolution of those
matters propounded unto the two Lords at Berwick.—Berwick,
12 Feb. 1564.|
|4. P. S.—Is advertised of the Lord of Darnley's arrival.
He purposes first to go to his father at Glasgow, and then to
the Queen. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 12.||986. Challoner to Leicester.|
|Thanks him for soliciting his revocation. Some saying
there is that the Count of Feria shall be made Viceroy of
Naples.—12 Feb. 1564.|
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 12.||987. Challoner to Cecil.|
|Thanks for his revocation. Is now packing home the
soonest he can. Is too weak to go by land.—Madrid, 12 Feb.
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 14.||988. English Prisoners in France.|
|1. The King cannot hear of any English prisoner except
John Anglibert, who is in the hands of M. de Matignon, and
whose ransom is set at 2,000 crowns.—Sent by L'Aubespine,
14 Feb. 1564.|
|2. P. S.—There are also two others at Havre, and one at
Dieppe.—Sent by the same, 20 Feb.|
Orig. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 15.||989. Speech of Cecil to M. de Foix.|
|The Queen being thirty years of age, and the King only
fifteen, there is too great inequality between them for there
to be much hope of offspring but for few years. In case they
had heirs, the seat of Government would be in France, and
England would be ruled by a viceroy. France, from its
position, is more subject to wars with its neighbours than
England. The King of France might wish to assimilate the
Government in England to that of France, and so take away
the liberties of the people, of which they have more than any
Orig. in Cecil's hol., and endd. by him: 16 Feb. 1564. A
summary of my speech with the French Ambassador, at his
house on Thursday, in the morning, 15 Feb., De matrimonio
cum Carolo rege Francice. Lat. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 17.||990. John Fitzwilliams to Cecil.|
|The particular merchants he wrote of strive to bring the
magistrates of this town to the charge of their suits. They
have their most hope in M. D'Assonville. Complains of the
language of Nicolas van Eversen against England.—Antwerp,
17 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 17.||991. [N. Stopio ?] to Cecil.|
|Forwards intelligences from Rome, 17 March; from Constantinople, 17 Feb.; and from Antwerp (illegible).|
Orig. Injured by damp. Add. Endd.: 17 March 1565.
Ital. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 17.||992. N. Stopio to Sir John Mason.|
|Wrote last Saturday, as usual, since which the enclosed
notices have arrived.—Venice, 17 Feb. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Hol. Endd.: 17 Feb. 1564. Ital. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 17.||993. Intelligences from Abroad.|
|Intelligences from Constantinople, 17 Feb. 1565, and from
Rome, 17 March.|
Orig. Ital. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 18.||994. Valentine Brown to [Cecil].|
|Received the enclosed paper from Sir Walter Mildmay to
advertise the writer's opinion to him for the speedy furniture
of provisions therein mentioned to be sent to Berwick; he
has therefore required the bearer to attend upon him to say
his knowledge therein. Desires him to relieve him of his
imprisonment. From his house in London, 18 Feb. 1564.
Orig. Hol. P. 1.
|Feb. 19.||995. Randolph to Leicester.|
|Writing unto Mr. Secretary a message from the Earl of
Murray, has thought it also his duty to write unto him,
especially touching his request towards Lord Darnley, to whom
he will do all the service in his power. At Berwick how welcome he was, and how used at the Lord of Bedford's, Leicester has heard. Two nights he remained by the way, one at
Dunbar and one at Haddington. He dined by the way at
Lord Seton's, and tarried in this town three nights. There
came unto him the Lords of Murray and Glencarne, and
divers other gentlemen. He dined one day with Lord Robert
of Holyrood House. His courteous dealing with all deserves
great praise, and is well spoken of. Twice in this meantime
the writer was with him; and at his going to the Queen,
because his own horses were not come, he lent him a couple
of his. Upon Friday he passed over the water, and upon
Saturday he met with the Queen, where he hears that he was
welcomed, and honourably used. He lodged in the same
house that she did for that time, and this day repairs towards
his father. It will yet be six or seven days before the Queen
be here. Immediately after that ensues the great marriage
of this happy Englishman that shall marry Liveston.—Edinburgh, 19 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 19.||996. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Lord Darnley came to Dunbar that night he departed from
Berwick; the next day he rode to Haddington. In the way
to Edinburgh he dined at Lord Seton's, which was evilly
taken by the Douglasses for the discord that is between that
house and them for hurting of Francis Dunkeld. At Edinburgh he tarried three nights, attending answer from his
father whether he should come to him to Dunkeld, where he
was with the Lord Achall, or go to the Queen, who was
then at the Laird of Wyme's house in Fife. Upon Friday
last (having received word from his father to repair to the
Queen) he passed over the water to the Laird of Wemyss,
where he has been well received of the Queen, and also lodged
in the same house. Here divers resorted to him, and they
like well his personage, others doubt what he will prove.
Some suspect more than he [Randolph] does himself, that his
person may hinder other purposes, as in special whereabout
he goes. Others, suspecting his religion, can allow of nothing
that they see in him. With some since his arrival he has had
some discourse; and of all other can please them least that
are persuaded that if he match here in marriage, it shall be
the utter overthrow of them and their houses. But (for anything the writer sees) they fear more than they have cause.
Has spoken with the Lords of Glencarne and Morton; the
one for religion, the other to enjoy his own and to see his
friends void of cumber, wish that some other had come in
his place. The writer doubts not for all that in all things he
will take good advicement, in special to be mindful of that she
promised his Sovereign most chiefly in her marriage to take
|2. Yesterday Murray sent Mr. John Woode, his secretary,
to inquire what word of late the writer had heard from Cecil,
and he thought some knowledge shall come from the Queen
what further resolution she takes of this Queen's words lately
spoken unto him [Randolph] at St. Andrew's, in which
(having given full signification of her will to apply unto her
Majesty as in honour she may, and as in reason she thinks
the Queen should yield) she would gladly know how far she
may think herself beholden unto the Queen, and whereof she
may assure herself, lest through long delay new suspicion
arise which will not easily be wiped away, and her mind once
altered will not easily be brought unto that stay that she is
at. Is glad it stands in these terms between their Majesties.
Many more than he pray for the same, and are loth that ever
there should be other days than for six years and more have
between these two realms in which they have lived in peace.|
|3. Murray wishes that before he [Randolph] moves this
Queen for resolution of the conference at Berwick, or speaks
of his return, he might once again hear from him [Cecil], for
he thinks by this time he has conferred with the Queen, and
has had further occasion to judge of this Queen's mind than
before he had. Until Ash Wednesday be past he thinks the
Queen will not occupy her mind with any grave matter. Of
all others here he finds Murray's care in this matter to be
greatest. If this takes other success than he desires, he thinks
that neither his own days can be many nor his country happy.
He purposes not to see the Queen, as she willed him before
she came out of Fife. Lodgings promised him in gentlemen's
houses, he has yielded to Lord Darnley, and because his horse
were not come he lent him a couple of his. Upon Saturday
sent Darnley "my lady's" packet, and this morning received
the enclosed to her grace from my lord her son.—Edinburgh,
19 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 4.
|Feb. 19.||997. Bedford to Cecil.|
|Recommends the bearer, Mr. Jenyson, Controller of the
Check and Musters here, who repairs to the Court.—Berwick,
19 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 20.||998. Provisions for Berwick.|
|Touching the provision of butter, cheese, fish, and Lenten
stuff for Berwick, Owen Cleydon thinks that as the soldiers
are not able to pay what the same should cost the Queen,
the best way is to send 600l. in money thither to be employed amongst the captains.|
Orig. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 20.||999. John Bennett to Cecil.|
|Has never had so great need of Cecil's help as he has now,
being brought into this trouble by a man with whom he was no
doer, nor ever saw any of his coin in his life, until he brought
him 5l., which he [Bennett] delivered to him again. And
when the other perceived that the writer would have showed
his Lordship of the same money, he besought that he would
not shame and cast him away, and so he did not utter him;
and within two days after he was taken.—Berwick, 20 Feb.
Orig. Add. Endd Pp. 2.
|Feb. 21.||1000. Lennox to the Queen.|
|Acknowledges her goodness in furthering his cause here,
and the comfort he has by the proof of the continuance
thereof by her licensing his son to come to him for such purposes as he (the writer) informed her of.—Dunkeld, 21 Feb.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 21.||1001. Albert Knoppherus to Cecil.|
|The King of Denmark is well, and sent his forces last
month, during the severe frost, into Sweden. Some Swedish
ensigns have been captured near Elspurg by stratagem. Has
heard that a certain Frisian, named Meinardt, is lurking in
the north of England, and that he meditates some attempt
against his master's subjects on the British seas. Desires that
he may not be allowed to enter the ports of England.—Antwerp, 21 Feb. 1565. Signed.|
Orig. with seal. Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 23.||1002. John Fitzwilliams to Cecil.|
|Being at Brussels the Lord Chancellor told him that the
commissioners appointed for the meeting at Bruges were
MM. Mentem, D'Assonville and the advocate Firskul. The
griefs to be propounded will be the injuries done to them
upon the sea and the great customs that they have to pay.
It is supposed that the Prince of Spain will come to the Low
Countries this spring, and that Count Egmont will be his
governor. The voice goes that the Duke of Florence aids
San Pedro Corso, not without the consent of the Bishop of
Rome.—Antwerp, 23 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
|[Feb.]||1003. Conference at Bruges.|
|Summary of things remaining in controversy, consisting of
twenty-one articles relating to alleged infringements of the
treaty of intercourse of 1495; chiefly regarding prohibition
and tolls, and the malpractices of the company of the Staple.|
Copy. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 11.
|[Feb.]||1004. Another copy of the above with annotations by Cecil.|
Copy. Endd. Pp. 6.
|[Feb.]||1005. The Complaints of the Merchants of Holland.|
|1. That contrary to the treaty of intercourse, the free
traffic of wools is to them denied.|
|2. That the English staplers do not bring their wools regularly, and that they keep up the prices.|
|3. That they only bring their worst fells.|
|4. That they mingle wool fells of divers value.|
|5. That they compel them before they may buy new fells
to take the third part of their number in evil fells.|
|6. That they are compelled to take with 1,500 fells one
sarpler of wool.|
|7. That the English packers use much deceit and fraud.|
|8. That the weights are not equal.|
|9. That the buyers have to pay to the treasurer of the
staple two florins for every 1,000 fells, and one florin for
every sarpler of wool; and also have to employ the servants
of the staple.|
Copy. Pp. 3.
|1006. The Answers of the Merchants of the Staple.|
|1. That no such thing is contained in the treaty of intercourse.|
|2. That they have been let by wars and restraints, and
that the prices are according to the table in the intercourse.|
|3. That they bring the best fells they can buy, which
sometimes are soiled by carriage.|
|4. That they do not mingle their fells to deceive the merchants, but send them as they buy them.|
|5. That they are not forced to buy any old fells otherwise
than was accustomed at Calais.|
|6. That this has been used time out of mind by agreement
and composition with the Company of the Staple.|
|7. That they may return faulty wools and obtain costs and
|8. That they have already agreed that the Senate of
Bruges should have the standard, and with them visit the
|9. That they pay less now than they used to do at Calais;
for now they pay Flemish money, whereas they were wont
to pay sterling.|
Copy. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 26.||1007. Philip II. to the Queen.|
|Has seen her letter of Dec. 18, recalling Challoner, whom
he praises for his skill in conducting affairs.—Madrid, 26 Feb.
Orig. Add. Endd.: Lat., Broadside.
|Feb. 27.||1008. Randolph to Cecil.|
|Yesterday received the enclosed letters from Lennox, who
is yet beyond the water with the Earl of Athol. His [Len
nox's] son has been with him, and came again to the Queen
at her coming over the Queen's Ferry upon Saturday last.
Yesterday both his Lordship [Darnley] and the writer dined
with Murray. His behaviour is liked, and there is great
praise of him. Yesterday he [Darnley] heard Mr. Knox
preach, and came in company of the Earl of Murray. After
supper, after he had seen the Queen and divers other ladies,
he being required by Murray, danced a "galiarde" with the
Queen. Upon Friday came here a messenger from the King
of Denmark with letters, who desires to have more men to
serve him of this nation, and that the merchants of this
country should forbeare their traffic with Sweden.—Edinburgh, 27 Feb. 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Feb. 27.||1009. Petition of John Biggs and Others.|
|Andrew White, a Scotish pirate, having taken their ship
laden with wines to the value of 400l., and also having taken
cloths out of another bark, to the value of 240l., in the
Severn, and carried them to Whitehorn, they beg that restitution may be made and the offenders punished.|
|Copy. Endd.: A letter hereupon is written to the Queen
of Scotland, according to the contents within written. 27 Feb.
1564. Pp. 3.|
Tytler, Hist, vi. 471.
|1010. Maitland to Cecil.|
|Is glad to hear that he has recovered his health. Finds
lack in him that he does not fully satisfy his affections. Has
at least one merry hour out of the four and twenty, but
Cecil labours without intermission. Has no lack for a more
grave subject, but purposely forbears to write. Edinburgh,
last of February, 1564. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 29.||1011. Madame de Crusol to the Queen.|
|Informs her of the great esteem and affection in which
she is held by the Queen Mother; and if she were one of the
"poupines," which the Queen Mother sends, would inform
her more at length. Toulouse, 29 Feb. 1555 [sic].|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil: 29 Feb. 1564, by Malvesgere, "who brought the lyttar and mullettes." Fr. Pp. 3.
|Feb. 29.||1012. League between France and England.|
|1. The Defensive League made between the Sovereigns of
France and England, being against every one and for every
occasion, the Queen Mother has been asked to explain her
intention therein. She understands that the case of either
of them being assailed on account of religion is therein comprised.|
|2. To this the English Ambassadors reply that they do not
think that the expression, "when one of us shall be assailed,"
is sufficiently strong. Lat.|
Copy. Endd.: Copy of that which M. de Foix delivered
us, for a letter to the Queen's Majesty, wherewith he said she
would be content, and our answer to it. Pp. 2.