Elizabeth
September 1570

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1874

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329-347

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'Elizabeth: September 1570', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 9: 1569-1571 (1874), pp. 329-347. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73078 Date accessed: 19 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Contents

September 1570

Sept.1228. Complaints of Piracies.
Notes of letters from Hamburg, Emden, and other places complaining of piracies committed by the English.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
Sept. 1.1229. Sir Valentine Browne to Cecil.
Encloses a statement of the debt due to the army. The horse bands are so febled that they should be cassed. Will make as much expedition as possible for the stones he writes of, which must be had in a new quarry which lies far within the earth.—Carlisle, 1 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Sept. 2.1230. Lord Hunsdon to Cecil.
Begs that he will get him leave to come up to London. Rowland Forster, Captain of Wark, is dead of this ague. Has appointed Captain Pikeman to take charge of the house. Desires to know what he shall do, as Mr. Grey is not able to keep either the house or the town from spoiling.—Berwick, 2 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 3.1231. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Has received the following news by one of his "spiells" from Scotland. On the 23rd August the Countess of Northumberland, accompanied with Lord Seton and several others, took shipping at Aberdeen, and the Earl of Westmoreland did the same on the 27th August. The Earls of Huntley, Athol, and Crawford, with several others and Lethington, will meet on the 4th inst. at the head of Stresby [Strathspey] in the Highlands.—Streatlam, 3 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 4.1232. Henry Cobham to Cecil.
There are in this navy twenty-five ships appointed warlike, and ten others well manned, which most carry stuff, great artillery, some armour, and 100 young mares and Friesland curtals. The ship which carries the Queen is not painted but remains very black. All these vessels lie off the Rammekins. The whole navy will be ready to depart in five days. Understands that they have increased the number of their Walloons. The most part of their soldiers are shot, having opinion that if they were encountered they would board their enemies and prevail with their small shot. There is provided for the navy 300,000 weight of biscuit. Hopes that if the Queen sends ships to the seas, the number may be such and so well appointed as the Spaniards may not take them at advantage, as they delight to do sudden enterprises with subtility, for they are no great nation to win by force. The Countess of Northumberland with Lord Seton is come to Bruges, and Prestall is with them. If the manner of the conveyance of Story had been kept secret in England, he thinks there are some who will hazard to do the like enterprise by Prestall. In the meantime Story can inform what practices Prestall has in hand for Scotland. If anything ill be intended from hence, it will light in Scotland, but can learn nothing to make any ground. The chief captain of those who are busy in practices are Prestall, Story was next, now one Jenye and Chamberlain, in Louvain one White. On the 2nd inst. Sir Francis Englefield came hither, and one Waller of Suffolk and Kirkby rode to the Countess of Northumberland with letters from these others of their consort. King Philip has disposed upon the lords and gentlemen of these countries 70,000 crowns of yearly revenue in lands and fee, and 40,000 a year more shall be given to the Duke of Alva and his sons and gentlemen of other nations who have served in these wars; and fifteen commanderies shall be given in this country. All this thus bestowed, the King will have to his coffers of annual rent 305,000 crowns, besides the donative of 6,000,000 to be paid in six years. They are making citadels in Groningen, Valenciennes, and Maestricht. The Marquis Vitelli has offered to assist in the accord or restitution. Has caused the best drawer of pictures in this town to make the picture of the Queen of Spain, which he sends to be shown to Her Majesty. Is presently taking horse towards the Emperor.—Antwerp, 4 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¾.
Sept. 4.1233. The Cardinal of Chatillon to Cecil.
Informs him of the arrival of a messenger from the Princes of Navarre and Condé and the Admiral, and desires to know the Queen's pleasure as to the time of his audience.—Sheen, 4 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ⅓.
Sept. 6.1234. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
M. Lansac sent with two vessels into Scotland is by tempest cast back to St. Malo. The King declared on the 4th inst. that to send forces into Scotland at this time would little avail, because his intent being known to the Queen of England, she has taken order for it, having her navy upon the seas, and an army upon the frontiers of Scotland; and because he has lately received courteous answer from her touching the delivery of the Queen of Scots, he hopes by fair means more to profit than by force. The King has given order that all such captains as are in possession of the Prince of Orange's places should deliver them up to the Prince. The King returns to Paris to make great processions upon Sunday next, carrying about the city in great solemnity their idol, St. Genevieve, and minds likewise to touch the diseased of the falling evil. The King has agreed to pay his reiters 2,000,000 francs, which he owes them, with interest, at Coblentz at Christmas. The Prince's reiters were at Montigny in Champagne, waiting the 100,000 francs which the King promised them. The confederate princes of Germany have sent to the King, persuading him to embrace a good peace, and not to bear any evil will to the Duchess of Deuxpont or her children, for any service that her late husband did for the Princes of Navarre and Condé. They of Orleans have returned such artillery as they borrowed out of the arsenal of Paris and have brought six cannon and six culverins. Informs him of the descent of the Turks into Cyprus, and of the league between the Pope, the King of Spain, and the Venetians against them. The Moors in Spain are revolted again. They are of opinion here that the navy prepared for the Queen of Spain's convoy will, upon the return from Spain, attempt some enterprise upon the coast of Ireland or else in favour of the Hamiltons in Scotland. Recommends the bearer to him, who having gained a suit against the Governor of Abbeville, can in no sort have any reason at his hands.—Paris, 6 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3½.
Sept. 7.1235. Copy of the first part of the above.
Endd.: 7 Sept. Pp. 1¼.
Sept. 6.1236. The French Ambassador to Cecil.
Complains of the continued injuries done to Scotland from the side of England, and desires that he will use his endeavours for their remedy.—Islington, 6 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 7.1237. The Queen to Sir Henry Norris.
Directs him to deny the truth of the report to the French King that her navy presently set to the seas under colour of conducting the Queen of Spain through the narrow seas is intended at its return to attempt the surprise of Calais.
Draft. Endd.: 7 Sept. 1570. Pp. 1½.
Sept. 7.1238. B. Hampton to Sir Henry Norris.
Mr. Secretary being very evil at ease has required him to write and send a copy of a letter from the Earl of Sussex reporting a late exploit done by him upon the houses of Lords Herries and Maxwell and certain others, that in case any question shall be moved thereof he may make such answer as he shall think expedient for the justification of Her Majesty's and her ministers' proceedings in this case.—Rycote House, 7 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Sept. 7.1239. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Is sorry that some do not allow his late journey into Scotland, but seeing that the Queen and Cecil do allow thereof, he trusts that the disallowing of others will soon be overblown. Toleration and putting over of time serves their turn who would seek foreign aid for their relief. The time they have long expected is now come, which is to see foreign princes at quiet. Lord Seton and Lethington's brother are already gone into Flanders, and some person of credit is to be sent from the convention in the north parts into France. If Her Majesty does indeed mean to compound with the Queen of Scots, doubts not but that it shall be so foreseen that both their intentions be not made frustrate by the ill dealings of some in Scotland and strangers against both their wills be brought in.—Warkworth, 7 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¼.
Sept. 7.1240. The Queen to Lord Scrope.
Takes his doings in very acceptable part, and desires him to thank, in her behalf, such gentlemen of the West Borders as have served under him.
Draft. Endd.: 7 Sept. P. ½.
Sept. 7.1241. The Earl of Lennox to the Queen.
There is certain expectation of a foreign force to be sent by the Duke of Alva and landed in Angus. They are looked for by the adversaries to be here within fifteen days. Prays that her lieutenant in the north may have commandment to enter Scotland as soon as ever they land or approach the coast.—Edinburgh, 7 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept.1242. Affairs on the Borders.
A list of six articles providing for the redress of injuries and the maintenance of future quiet on the Borders.
Endd.: Sept. 1570, devised by the Earl of Sussex. P. 1.
Sept. 7.1243. The Earl of Lennox to Cecil.
Prays him to further the petition for assistance contained in his letter to the Queen of England by all means he can.— Edinburgh, 7 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Sept. 8.1244. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Has recived letters from Scotland, informing him of a convention of the Lords of the Queen of Scots' party to give answer to Lord Livingstone and the strangers who came with John Hamilton, also of the departure of Lord Seton and the Countess of Northumberland for Flanders, and the expected arrival of a Spanish force. Huntly has made proclamation that all men should be ready to withstand their old enemies of England who were coming to besiege the castle of Edinburgh. In order to take away occasion of delay, he has written very earnestly to procure a safe conduct for Livingstone to return by the nearest way.—Warkworth, 8 August 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
Sept. 9.1245. John Sturmius to Cecil.
Sends him the commencement of his history, which he fears may not satisfy him. Has shown it to Count John of Emden, who will, if necessary, explain any matter to the Queen.—Strasbourg, 9 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. P. 1.
Sept. 9.1246. John Sturmius to Cecil.
Excuses himself for not having entrusted his history to Alessandro Citolini, as Aristotle says that those things are the most pleasant to know which men keep to themselves, or at most impart to a few intimate friends. Has sent the beginning to Cecil.—Strasbourg, 9 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. P. 2/3.
Sept. 10.1247. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Forwards herewith a packet of letters, and the copy of one which he has received from the Regent of Scotland.—Warkworth, 10 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Sept. 7.1248. The Earl of Lennox to the Earl of Sussex.
To the same effect as his letters of this date to the Queen of England and Cecil, informing him of the expected arrival of Spanish forces in Scotland, and praying him to be a means with the Queen to procure her aid and comfort.—Edinburgh, 7 Sept. 1570.
Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
Sept. 10.1249. The Earl of Sussex to the Queen.
1. Lord Herries has promised for himself and friends to forbear from henceforth to receive her rebels, to be against all such as would bring in strangers, and employ his will and power in her service, "so it seems that this little chastisement has brought him to know himself." He seems to stand in great fear of two matters, the one that the Regent will come upon him with force, and compel him to submit to the King; the other, that strangers if they come will deal hardly with him, in respect whereof he desires to know her pleasure for his maintenance. Though he gives little trust to all his nation Sussex believes that he will keep his promise.
2. He has been always the uprightest man in Scotland for all judicial causes upon the Borders.—Warkworth, 10 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¾.
Sept. 5.1250. Lord Herries to the Earl of Sussex.
Understands that the cause wherefore they have lately at his hands such great scaith and trouble is for receiving the Queen of England's rebels. Assures him that he was constrained upon courtesy being sought to his house to give some gentlemen of them for a right short time part of his meat. Promises not only to refuse the resetting of those with whom the Queen may be offended, but will do nothing wittingly that may offend her. Excuses his subscribing the writing, desiring the support of France, to which he was constrained by the injuries of the opposite party. Promises to maintain what appointment may be made between the Queens of England and Scotland.—Terregles, 5 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Pp. 2½. Enclosure.
Sept. 11.1251. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Mons. Virac, who was sent from the French King to the Lords who convened at Linlithgow, is returned to Scotland and landed at Dumbarton with twenty-eight persons. Desires him to send him a note of the articles of the peace concluded in France.—Warkworth, 11 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept. 12.1252. The Laird of Bargany to Lennox.
Has been advertised of the peace concluded in France; that the Duke of Norfolk is set at liberty; that there was a treaty betwixt the Queens of England and Scotland for the latter's liberty, whereof was good assurance; that the Duke of Alva was upon the sea with a great army, and that the Queen of England had set out twenty-eight ships. Looks for remedy at his hands touching the Earl of Cassilis' handling of the Abbot of Crosraguel.—Bargany, 12 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. P. 1.
Sept. 14.1253. Henry Cobham to Cecil.
1. The Emperor sent for him on the 12th inst. by Frederic Preynar, whom he accompanied to his presence, where, in his privy chamber alone he received the Queen's letters, and gave him the hearing of his message. The Emperor thanked the Queen for the good respect she bore to him and his house, and for showing so much benevolence to the Queen of Spain, and with many courteous and friendly words made demonstrations of his zeal towards her. Cobham having declared the causes which moved Her Majesty to stay her answer to his and the Archduke's demands, required of the Emperor that he might understand whether the Archduke was free and remained of the same mind towards the Queen as before he had shown himself, letting him know the causes which moved her to have this matter propounded.
2. The Emperor affirmed that his brother was free, but that as he had had no conference with him since Sussex left concerning the cause of marriage he did not know how he was disposed. As the Emperor seemed to make this doubt he stayed likewise to deliver the Queen's answer. The Archduke is at Neustadt to fly the great plague, which is in Vienna. The Emperor has moved to have a law that no soldiers should be levied in the empire without his licence, which the temporality have utterly denied. His request to have a strong place to lay in munitions for the empire has also been rejected. The Protestant princes have agreed to send ambassadors to the French King to commend this peace made, and to wish him to continue it, but the spiritual lords will not intermeddle. The Archduke Ferdinand will, about the 24th inst., accompany the Emperor's daughter towards the King of France. The Palgrave's and Duke Julius of Brunswick's Ambassadors have been with him to offer courtesy for the amity's sake which their Princes have with the Queen. Finds all things very extreme dear.—Spires, 14 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
Sept. 15.1254. The Earl of Sussex to the Queen.
Sends copies of writings which he has received from the Lords of the Queen of Scots' party, together with his answer. Desires to know her pleasure as to how he and the English wardens shall proceed at their meeting with the Earl of Morton. Also as to whether he shall permit the messenger of Lord Livingston and Lethington to pass to and return from the Queen of Scots.—Warkworth, 15 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1⅓.
Sept. 3.1255. Agreement between the Duke of Chatelherault, Huntly, and Argyle, and the Earl of Sussex.
Promise to abstain from all arms and hostility, to abandon the Queen of England's rebels, not to receive any foreign aid into Scotland, and not to attempt any innovation in the government for the space of two months, providing Sussex will procure the opposite party to observe similar conditions, and that the treaty between the Queens of Scotland and England may proceed directly without drift of time.—Straith Tay, 3 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
Sept. 14.1256. Counter Agreement by the Earl of Sussex.
Promises the Duke and the Earls of Huntly and Argyle that he will use all means to procure an abstinence from hostility by the opposite party and the fulfilment of the other requests in their writing, provided they will on their part observe the conditions contained therein.—Warkworth, 14 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 2½. Enclosure.
Sept. 7.1257. Maitland of Lethington to the Earl of Sussex.
Has procured the subscriptions and seals of the Duke of Chatelherault and the Earls of Huntly and Argyle to the articles mentioned in Sussex's letter of July 4th, in such a plain form as he trusts shall satisfy him, which he sends herewith, and desires a reciproque answer on his part.—Blair Athol, 7 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Endd. P. ¾. Enclosure.
Sept. 14.1258. The Earl of Sussex to Maitland of Lethington.
Acknowledges the receipt of his letter and the articles subscribed by Chatelherault and the others, and sends another writing signed and sealed by himself. The bearer will declare certain things wherein he is unsatisfied. Has written asking that Lord Livingstone might have audience with the Regent and others of that party in case he may require it.—Warkworth, 14 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Endd. Enclosure. P. 1.
Sept. 15.1259. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Has sent copies of certain articles and letters to Her Majesty. The Regent has sent him certain letters taken on Moon, which he forwards. Has seen a copy of a letter from the Countess of Athol to the Queen of Scots, wherein great blame is laid on him for keeping the passages so straight that no letters can pass.—Warkworth, 15 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 16.1260. The Earl of Sussex to Randolph.
Sends him a copy of the articles which he is to get signed by the Regent and Lords of the King's party. Conceives that they will be very unwilling to yield to these matters at present because they have the forehand, but they must remember that all which they have has been brought to them by the Queen's countenance. They may rest assured that the Queen will not consent to do anything wherein their King's and their own surety is not provided for. It will satisfy if the writing is signed by the Regent and the Earls of Mar and Morton, and that they promise for the rest.—Warkworth, 16 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Pp. 1¾.
Sept. 16.1261. Thos. Randolph to the Earl of Sussex.
Notwithstanding the three lieutenants' promises and subscriptions which he has received, they practise daily for the coming in of strangers. They have indeed put the rebels from them, but have sent them into Flanders to work more mischief than if they had remained where they were. The Earl of Athol has assured the Regent that he will remain at the King's obedience, and Lord Boyd is thought to be of the same mind. Gives the names of a number of noblemen who are making means through their friends to be reconciled with the Regent. Lethington would fain be out of the country and Grange is coming in. Ferniehurst, Buccleugh, and many others have offered their obedience. There has secret knowledge come to the Regent from his wife that the Queen has promised to send commissioners to the Scottish Queen to end all matters between them, which, when it is known to others, will make a good number start back. The Hamiltons and the two strangers are departed. The sounding of the havens is most assured, whereupon the bruit rose of the Spaniards coming, though few men have any will of them. The Lords of the late convention were never in their lives so near a shrewd bargain as when they met at the Garth, where a company assembled of the King's friends, who minded to have cut all their throats had it not been stayed by the Earl of Athol. Would fain give himself to some other occupation somewhat more com mendable than this art of his is now esteemed. Within two days a servant of the Lord Deputy of Ireland was here dispatched to entertain Donald Gorm in the Queen's service against the Earl of Argyle.—Edinburgh, 16 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Signed. Endd. Pp. 3¼.
Sept. 16.1262. The Earl of Lennox to the Queen.
Has instructed his wife with such things as falls out here touching the estate and weal of the young King, to whom he begs she will grant favourable audience.—Edinburgh, 16 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Sept. 16.1263. The Earl of Lennox to Cecil.
Trusts that he will still continue that good instrument for the entertainment of amity betwixt the two realms as he has always declared himself. Is sorry for his man Moon's lewd and corrupt dealing.—Edinburgh, 16 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Sept. 16.1264. The Earl of Sussex to the Earl of Lennox and others.
1. Has received a promise from the Duke of Chatelherault and his party to cease from arms; to abandon the Queen of England's rebels, to receive no foreign forces, and to innovate nothing in the government of Scotland for the space of two months; and has promised himself to keep peace in Scotland for the same time.
2. Desires them to subscribe and seal a writing wherein they will promise to perform what belongs to their part.— Warkworth, 16 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Copy. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 16.1265. The Earl of Lennox to the Earl of Sussex.
Understands that the Queen of England intends to enter into accord with the mother of the King here, and to that end will shortly direct her commissioners towards her. Leaves to his consideration what surety the Queen would have by such an accord. Though the adversaries frankly agree to the establishing his regiment, yet do they travail to have him called again into England. Earnestly prays him to let Her Highness understand the inconveniences, which this treaty and accord in this sort to proceed, may breed as well towards her own estate as to the King of Scots and those obedient to him. —Edinburgh, 16 Sept. 1570.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Sept. 16.1266. The Earl to the Countess of Lennox.
Until he can send a messenger instructed sufficiently she must sustain a part of his burden, to use the place of a solicitor and agent as well in delivering his letters to the Queen and the Lords, as also in declaration of such things as are contained in the memoir and notes herewith enclosed. Sends also two letters in cipher by Lethington, and apprehended with John Moon, which she is to deliver to Mr. Secretary.—Edinburgh, 16 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. P. 1.
Sept. 17.1267. Henry Cobham to Cecil.
The Emperor sent for him on the 16th, at which time he made relation to him of Her Highness's proceedings in the arrests of late made of the ships and merchandise of her subjects by the Duke of Alva by the provocation of King Philip's Ambassador in England. Complained also of the Pope's bull, which was delivered from the Ambassador to a dissolute subject of Her Highness, to have it publicly set up in London. Further, he declared against the insolent pride of the Bishop of Rome, who had given out such a writing against a Christian princess, and that this being tolerated his detestable pride might aspire to trouble with his poison the state of the greatest potentate in Christendom. The Emperor said that he misliked the Ambassador's dealings, promising herewith to advertise King Philip by the next messenger. At his being at Prague he had seen a copy of the Pope's bull, and showing himself discontented therewith to the Nuncio was advertised that the Pope meant to call it in. The Emperor used sharp words against the Pope, affirming that it would never be well with the clergy until they lived as the apostles did, concluding that if he would march to Rome, he knew where to have companions. The princes of Germany have put him in remembrance that his right and ancient seat was at Rome, where they would place him. The Emperor likes well these offers, but the hope to have his eldest son marry King Philip's daughter draws him another way as yet. On the 1st Oct. the Archduke Ferdinand does by procuration the ceremony of the marriage of the King of France with the Princess Elizabeth. Gives the names of the Ambassadors of the different Princes of Europe at present resident at the Emperor's Court. There is one from Venice to persuade the Emperor to break the peace with the Turk.—Spires, 17 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2½.
Sept. 17.1268. The Earl of Sussex to the Earl of Leicester.
Thinks that the West and Middle Borders are quite strong enough to defend themselves without any further charge to the Queen, but recommends that an extra force of 200 light horse and 300 footmen should be kept at Berwick. If Her Majesty would give the King's party some secret aid of money to enable them to pay 400 or 500 soldiers of their own they will be able to keep under the Queen of Scots' party if they receive no foreign aid.—Warkworth, 17 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Sept. 17.1269. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
To the same effect as his letter to Leicester of this date. Forwards copies of letters.—Warkworth, 17 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2⅓.
Sept. 18.1270. List of the Nobility of Scotland.
List of the Scottish nobility adhering respectively to the King and the Queen's parties, with their matrimonial alliances.
Endd. Broadside.
1271. A similar list with notes by Cecil.
Endd. P. 1.
1272. A similar list.
Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 19.1273. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
Requires him to secretly move the Lords of the King of Scots' party to advertise her what they shall think requisite for her to deal in on behalf of the King and themselves, and to let them know that having been importunately pressed by other princes she has at length sent two of her Privy Council to the Queen of Scots with commission to deal with her in such matters as may tend to bring about quietness betwixt her and her son, but that she will make no end with her except good provision be made both for the person of the young King and all who adhere to him.
Draft partly in Cecil's writing. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
Sept. 19.1274. Henry Cobham to Cecil.
As yet the answer has not come from the Archduke Charles. The Estates of the Empire have granted to the Emperor 1,600,000 golden guilders to be paid by equal proportions in four years. They have also agreed that Duke Hans Frederic of Saxony's children shall be restored to their father's dignity and lands. The merchants of Antwerp were arrested at Frankford for certain sums of money which a count of Germany and others had lent the town of Antwerp. A broker of Antwerp sought to borrow for Her Majesty 200,000 dollars at the mart. The Emperor has complained to the Estates that the Pope was privy to all the counsels which passed at this Diet. They have answered that he may remedy the matter if he would suffer no substitute of any foreign prince or bishop to be amongst them. The Emperor practises to match his niece with the Vaivode, and so win him from the Turk. He has also travailed to win the King of Poland, and the lords of those countries, whereby he may in time procure to have in time one of his sons elected King. Archiepiscopus Magdeburgensis, son and heir to the Marquis of Brandenburg, has agreed with his chapter, and the noblemen have also assented that he should take a wife.—Spires, 19 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Sept. 19.1275. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
The Queen Mother has requested Mr. Walsingham to stay his departure till the King's coming to Paris. The camps are wholly disbanded, the reiters being departed out of the realm. The princes being gone with certain troops towards Rochelle the King has appointed in manner of convoy to accompany them M. de Monstreuil. The Premier Esquier has returned from the Queen of Navarre, being much satisfied with her proceedings. Angoulesme is quit of the Huguenot garrison, but those in other towns still remain. The Duke of Guise and the Princess of Porcien shall be married on the last of this month with great solemnity. The King allows for his part of the revels 16,000 crowns. On Saturday next the Count de Retz departs with charge to bring the Emperor's daughter to the frontiers.—Paris, 19 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Sept. 20.1276. Dr. Mundt to Cecil.
1. Understanding that Mr. Henry Cobham was at Spires, he introduced to him the councillors of the electors and the other princes, in order that by conferring with them he might the more fully understand how matters proceeded, and also that thereby the friendship between Her Majesty and the Protestant Princes of Germany might be strengthened. At the Diet the Emperor's proposition that no soldiers should be levied in Germany for the service of any foreign prince without his permission was rejected, but it was agreed that the commanders of levies should be responsible for any damage done by their soldiers, and should also inform him for whose service they were intended. They also refused to raise a force of 1,500 horse to be used against any rebellious subject of the Empire; nor would they agree to build an arsenal for the warlike stores and artillery of the Empire. To the third demand of the Emperor for 2,000,000 gold crowns for the Turkish wars, there was only granted in all 840,000 crowns, to be paid during four years. At the intercession of certain of the princes the Emperor has agreed to the restitution to their dignity of the heirs of Duke John Frederic of Saxony. Heavy complaints have been made to the Estates of the great cruelty used by the Duke of Alva.
2. P.S.—Desires him to show favour to his son who is in the household of the Cardinal of Chatillon, and hopes that when he has sufficiently mastered the French tongue he may succeed him in the Queen's service.—Frankford, 20 Sept. 1570. Signed: Quem Nosti.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 3.
Sept. 20.1277. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Forwards a letter which he has received from Randolph. As the Regent seems to have good will to proceed with diligence in the border causes he desires with speed to know Her Majesty's pleasure herein.—Warkworth, 20 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
Sept. 19.1278. Thomas Randolph to the Earl of Sussex.
Yesternight there arrived here the Justice Clerk and Mr. Archibald, who have spoken very much of the honour received at his Lordship's hands and favourable answers given to their causes. They mind out of hand to resolve upon the time of meeting. Hears no further of Virac's message than that there is a compaction between Lord Fleming and the Grand Prior of France to deliver the castle into his hands. He has brought bullets for divers sorts of pieces and other provision. One of the vessels that came with him has gone herring fishing.— Edinburgh, 19 Sept. 1570.
Copy. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Sept. 20.1279. Sir Valentine Browne to Cecil.
Randolph has written for money, for which he desires that he may have a warrant. He has already had by way of loan 330l., which he writes has not borne half his expenses. His petition is to have 53s 4d. per diem.—Berwick, 20 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept. 20.1280. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
Approves of his articles for orders for the Border causes. Orders him to dissolve the half of her extraordinary bands as soon as he possibly can.
Draft, with corrections by Cecil. Endd.: 20 Sept. 1570. P. 1.
Sept. 20.1281. Charges for the Army in the North.
A note of the daily pay of 550 light horsemen, amounting to 40l. 7s. 7d., and that of 280 lances and 20 "double pystellats," amounting to 36l. 18s. The light horsemen had 16d., the lances 18d., and the double pistoliers 3s. per diem each.
Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept. 21.1282. The Duke of Anjou to the Elector Palatine of Saxony and others.
Informs them of the publication of the Edict of Pacification.—Paris, 21 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 21.1283. Catherine de Medicis to the Elector Palatine of Saxony and others.
Thinks that they will be glad to know of the Edict for the pacification of the troubles in France, which she promises to see strictly carried out. Thanks them for the friendship which they have always manifested towards her son and his realm.—Paris, 21 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 23.1284. Henry Cobham to Cecil.
Understands by his letter of the 9th inst. that Her Majesty would have had him retain in his hands or else burnt the Archduke's letter. Could not refuse to deliver the same to the Emperor at his demanding it, the rather that Her Majesty willed him to follow the Emperor's direction in the delivery of the said letter.—Spires, 23 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Sept. 23.1285. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
The state here is very quiet, where all strife and old grudges seem utterly buried, and men live in good hope of the continuance thereof, since the occasioner of all the troubles in this realm is out of credit, and neither haunts the court or council. On the 18th inst. there departed hence towards Scotland sundry of the King's guard of Scotchmen, whom he thinks are gone to give some comfort to the Queen's faction. Gives their names. Sends Robert Huggins' letter, and advertises him of certain news which he has received from Germany, being the same as is contained in his letter to the Queen of the 22nd inst. The preparations in Britanny still increase under pretext to salute the Queen of Spain in passing that coast.—Paris, 23 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Sept. 23.1286. The Queen to the Earl of Lennox.
Licenses him to remain in Scotland as long as it shall seem to him convenient, except she shall find any reasonable cause for her service to send for him.
Draft partly in Cecil's writing. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 24.1287. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
The King's side have resolved to send the Justice Clerk to confer with him, who is a man of good capacity and tractable. Acknowledges receipt of letters.—Warkworth, 24 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept. 25.1288. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
Has been informed by the Queen of Scots how the Duke of Chatelherault and the others have subscribed the articles required by him, and are agreed to send two of their number to her, for which purpose she has granted a safe conduct. Directs him to use good means to impart these things to the Earl of Lennox and his party, and move them to observe the articles. If the Queen of Scots shall not refuse reasonable conditions she sees not how with honour and reason she can continue her in restraint. Would have the King's party have regard how and with what favourable conditions she may provide for their surety. Promises to provide for them with as great care as for herself. Whereas the Earl of Lennox has summoned a Parliament against the midst of October, she is required to have the same stayed, and therefore wishes they might be induced to prorogue it whilst her treaty shall continue with the Queen of Scots.
Draft in Cecil's writing. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
Sept. 26.1289. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
If his business cannot be deferred he may make his repair hither at such time as his suit is to do, upon condition that in case occasion should arise he will be ready to return to his charge at once. If he can defer it until the beginning of next term he may take his liberty for his abode here for one month's space.—Reading, 26 Sept. 1570.
Draft. Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept. 27.1290. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
According to her directions he has been to the French King and denied that she had any intention of using her navy to surprise Calais or do any other exploit to his prejudice. Has received a letter out of Spain from Robert Huggins, who gives him to understand that the wars in Grenada are in a more perilous state for the King of Spain than aforetime they have been. Though the Spaniards be accounted fine and full of policy yet the barbarous Moors have gone beyond them, for feigning peace they have caused great numbers of unprofitable persons which were in the camp to submit themselves, and have gathered in sufficient harvest to maintain themselves one year more at least. They are now in number 35,000, as able and valiant men as may be found; so that though King Philip has a malicious mind to annoy and encumber her, he has no leisure to prosecute his attempts. The Diet has refused the Emperor's requests for maintaining an army, and not allowing any levy of men without his licence. There be divers of the bishops of Germany who would willingly shake off the Bishop of Rome's yoke, because he now demands a new oath of them. The French King has made an edict that the nobles, gentlemen, and captains about the court shall only be followed by their accustomed companies, and in case of quarrel shall resort for redress to one of the marshals or to the Duke of Anjou.— Paris, 22 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 12/3.
1291. Rough Copy of the Above, with this additional information cancelled.
Hopes that the war with the Turk may long continue, for the Ambassador of Venice declared that if the King of Spain could have peace with the Moriscos, he minded to invade England, and that the Duke of Alva had commission to have in readiness secretly great numbers of Burgundians and other soldiers for that purpose. Further he said that the Duke was the only procurer that the nobles in the north rose. Stukely has come into Spain accompanied with divers gentlemen in very good order, and makes offer to the King about the conquest of Ireland. An Italian also brings letters from sundry noblemen of that country concerning the same. The King has sent Stukely a great chain and money, and a special commission to be furnished of all things that he wants. He is in Albero, a port of Galicia. The Archbishop of Ireland greatly travails herein, and has been heard twice before the Council about these affairs. The Duke of Feria dissuades the King from this enterprise. The like does Don Diego de Guzman, who being asked of the strength of Ireland and Scotland, answered that they were both a beggarly, proud, and traitorous people. There is in Spain a Scotchman named Patricio, who has great conference with the Council, and labours to bring this enterprise to pass. He who gave this advertisement thought it very requisite that in this busy time the Queen should have some sufficient man in the Spanish Court as "unknown" to understand and advertise from time to time of their practices.
Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 28.1292. Thomas Randolph to Cecil.
Desires his favour for the bearer, Mr. Stewart. Has sent to Leicester a thing to behold that by Stewart's means came to his hand, whereof Cecil may judge what is meant. Such pretty tokens argue unhappy meanings. Trusts the Queen will provide for them who so imagine and daily practise against her.— Edinburgh, 28 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 28.1293. Alonzo Ferrabosco to Cecil.
Excuses himself for not returning on the plea of not being able to obtain licence from the Pope.—Bologna, 28 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 1½.
Sept. 28.1294. The Earl of Lennox to Cecil.
Desires his favour and furtherance for Mr. Archibald Stewart familiar servant to the late Regent, who is going into France to renew his suit for the recovery of his goods which have been seized in that country.—Edinburgh, 28 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Sept. 29.1295. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
1. On the 26th the Justice Clerk came with instructions from the Regent, the effect of which consisted upon three special parts. The one to show that whatsoever the Queen's party promised by word, their actions in every point were contrary, and that they only used these writings for the winning of time, and were still practising for the coming of foreign force. The second was to declare what hindrance would grow to the King's side by subscribing at this time such a writing as Sussex demanded, for that all the principal men of the realm (the Duke and the Earls of Huntley and Argyle only excepted) and all the loose Borderers had offered submission to the King's obedience, who now all forbear to proceed until they see the end of the treaty. The third was to declare that the Regent without assembling of the nobility of the King's side could not send messengers or write his opinion touching the King's surety, and that he could not well assemble them before the day appointed for the Parliament. After they had a long time conferred upon the particulars of every one of these they accorded upon a writing to be subscribed by the Regent, and that he should send Sussex some secret note of their opinion for the King's safety, which he should deliver to the Queen as his own opinion, and not as theirs. Has given order for the musters, and considered who shall be discharged, and who remain, and will thereupon divide to every warden his portion. Desires to know whether he shall be revoked.—Warkworth, 28 Sept. 1570.
2. P.S.—Has kept this letter back one day to hear if Cecil's journey to the Scottish Queen holds.—29 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
Sept. 29.1296. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
In July last William Ker was sent to Rome, and by the solicitation of the Bishop of Dumblane the Pope has made a divorce between the Queen of Scots and Bothwell, whereby the marriage between her and M. D'Anjou is intended. Chambers, who has been here with certain articles from the Duke of Chatelherault, being upon his return and moving the Queen Mother in behalf of the Queen of Scots; she made answer that the Queen of England had promised to see her restored, but if she delayed the matter that the King would send 3,000 footmen thither. The said Chambers goes into Flanders to confer with the Duke of Alva. The Earls of Westmorland, the Countess of Northumberland, the Lord Seton, and twelve other gentlemen have arrived at Antwerp, where they have received 10,000 crowns for their relief, being the Pope's benevolence. Lord Seton is looked for here.
Copy, unfinished. Endd. Pp. 2.
Sept. 29.1297. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Sends similar news about the Queen of Scots' faction as is contained in his letter of this date to the Queen; 1,200 reiters and 3,000 footmen are to be sent into Scotland shortly by the Duke of Alva. The Ambassadors of Scotland and Spain and the Nuncio on the 27th most earnestly solicited the French King for 2,000 harquebussiers and eight cannon. The King has granted Clermont and the county of Cler to the Duke of Brunswick for life. The Count de Retz, who was appointed to fetch the King's wife, is now accounted to be of too mean a condition for that office. The Hamilton who murdered the Regent has declared that there is an enterprise now in hand for the delivery of the Queen of Scots from whence she is.— Paris, 29 Sept. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
Sept. 30.1298. Advices from Rome.
The Venetians have intelligence that the Turks have landed in Cyprus to the number of 40,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry, and that their general has returned to Caramania with 160 galleys to bring over reinforcements. The Christian fleet is at Candia, and consists of 190 galleys, besides galeasses and galeons. They have determined to fight the Turks. The Moors in Spain are yet unconquered.—Rome, 30 Sept.
Endd. Lat. P. ½.
Sept.1299. Advertisements from France.
Measures taken for the execution of the Edict of Pacification. The King having been persuaded to release the Duke of Lorraine of his fealty for the Duchy of Bar, and Morvilliers, the keeper of the seal, saying that he would not be an instrument to divide from the crown of France any principality, the seals have been given to Birago, an Italian. The King has taxed his nobility a twelfth part of their goods towards the discharge of his debts, which will not be consented to. The garrisons of Poitou are not wholly discharged. The King hastens his entry, thereby to disperse his nobility for fear of practice. Count Galliazo, general of the Italian infantry in France, is imprisoned at Rome by the Pope. It is set down by the King and his Council to discharge 120 companies of horsemen and twenty ensigns of footmen.
Endd. Pp. 2⅓.
[Sept.]1300. Case of Archibald Stewart.
Shows how large sums are owing by William Aikman to Stewart's wife as executrix of her late husband, a burgess of Edinburgh, and desires that he may be made to give an account and reckoning thereof.
Pp. 1¼.