Elizabeth
March 1571

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1874

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413-424

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'Elizabeth: March 1571', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 9: 1569-1571 (1874), pp. 413-424. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73086 Date accessed: 22 October 2014.


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Contents

March 1571

March 2.1586. Sir William Drury to the Privy Council.
Encloses a letter which he has received from Kirkcaldy of Grange. The Queen's party are presently to come to Edinburgh. They are advertised that the Queen's Majesty and she are already agreed.—Berwick, 2 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Feb. 28.1587. Kirkcaldy of Grange to Drury.
Errington has declared to him that he had commandment from the Earls of Sussex and Leicester and Mr. Secretary, to desire him to do all good offices for the quieting of these present troubles and continuing the amity betwixt the two realms, to whom he declared his good will therein. Is ready to do all things that lie in his power for the Queen of Englands' reasonable contentment.—Edinburgh Castle, 28 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾. Enclosure.
March 4.1588. Testimonies from the Bible in favour of the Queen of Scots.
Transcript orig. in Mary Queen of Scots' MSS.
March 4.1589. Lord Buckhurst to the Queen.
The King daily heaps honours and courtesies upon him, and on the 25th ult. required him to be a beholder of such triumphs, barriers, and pastimes as were prepared at the Duke of Lorraine's house in Paris, which were nobly and sumptuously performed. On the 1st inst. he spent the day hunting with the King in the Bois de Vincennes. After dinner the King rode to a warren of hares thereby, and after he had coursed with much pastime, he flew to the partridge with a cast of very good falcons; and that done entered the park of Bois de Vincennes, replenished with some store of fallow deer. Understanding that Lord Buckhurst had a leash of greyhounds, he sent to him that he might put on his dogs to the deer, which he did, but found that the deer ran better for their lives than the dogs did for his pastime. After this the King and all the gentlemen with him fell to a new manner of hunting, chasing the whole herd with their drawn swords, on horseback, so far forth as they being embosked were easily stricken and slain; they spared no male deer, but killed of all sorts without respect, like hunters who sought not to requite any part of their travail with delight to eat of the slain venison. Has taken leave of the King before his entry, in order to avoid any dispute about precedency with Spain, but will remain as private in order to report to her of the honour and magnificance thereof. The night before he took his leave of the King, one of the Pope's bulls interdicting Her Majesty was in Paris secretly set up. The King showed such earnest appearance of anger against the doer thereof, that she may stand assured of his unfeigned friendship and goodwill towards her. On the 4th inst. the King procured the Duke De Nevers to invite him to dinner, where they found a sumptuous feast, adorned with music of a most excellent and strange concert, and with a comedy of Italians. Their Majesties here seek to gather some sure hope of her resolution to marry before they will make any overture of that which they so much desire.— Paris, 4 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
March 5.1590. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The Spanish Ambassador has visited him, and after some superfluous talk of love matters, entered to talk of the unkindness that reigned between the Queen's Majesty and his master, expressing with great vehemency his desire that they were drawn to some accord. The spring of this alteration from so strange, to become so familiar and courteous is, that three days before he presented to the King three requests from the Duke of Alva. The first, that in respect of the aid his master sent him in these troubles, that he would send reiters for the better withstanding the Prince of Orange's enterprises. The second, that he might levy Catholics in France to serve against the said Prince. The third, that the King would stay certain ships preparing at Rochelle on the Prince's behalf. To the first the King answered that his treasures were near spent, and that he was still indebted to the reiters for service in the last troubles. To the second, if he condescended, the Huguenots would put themselves in arms, suspecting that the said levy was a device which might reach to themselves. To the third he answered, that he was informed that the said ships were prepared to be revenged only on certain of the King of Spain's subjects, who had taken certain ships of those of the religion and drowned divers of the men, and delivered others to the inquisitors. On the 1st inst. there arrived Count Olivarez, sent by the King of Spain to congratulate the marriage, but his entertainment is nothing answerable to that of Lord Buckhurst. On the 2nd, was set up a bull at St. Bennet's corner, the same as that of Felton's, which one of his servants tore down and brought to him. On his presenting the King with as much of the bull as he had given to him, he showed himself very much moved in such sort as they well perceived that it was unfeigned, and ordered search to be made for the setter up of the same. Lausac told him in his ear, that he had great cause to suspect that this was some Spanish practice. Cavalcanti told him that a friend of his who talked with the Bishop of the house of Salviati, who was lately sent hither by the Pope, learnt that the Pope has a practice in hand in England, which would shortly break forth, and that a merchant of this town has 14,000 crowns in hand for the said enterprise.— Paris, 5 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2½. Printed by Digges.
March 5.1591. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
By the enclosed out of Spain he finds that the Spaniard means not best when he speaks fairest. By the message he sent by Mr. Beale, he may perceive that the Queen has offered to her means to be revenged for the pretended troubles in Ireland, by keeping him occupied in Flanders. They may seem very dear, because the sum required is very great, and the gage of repayment very casual. Supposes that the Romish practice reaches to Ireland.—Paris, 5 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
March 6.1592. The Queen of Navarre to Queen Elizabeth.
In behalf of a gentleman in the Prince of Orange's service who together with his two ships has been detained in her realm.—La Rochelle, 6 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
March 8.1593. Lord Buckhurst to Lord Burghley.
Congratulates him on the honour which the Queen has given him. The King has stayed him till the 13th inst.— Paris, 8 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
March 9.1594. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Congratulates him on the change of his name, and hopes that he may long live to enjoy both honour and health.— Paris, 9 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ¾.
March 9.1595. Frederic II. to James VI.
Acknowledges his letter requiring that Bothwell should be either tried in Denmark, or sent over to Scotland, and that Captain John Clark might be released. Expresses his goodwill towards the realm of Scotland, and his grief at the murder of Darnley, and the troubles that have ensued therefrom. Although Bothwell, both by the letters of the Queens of England and Scotland, and by the public proclamation of the Lords of the Council of Scotland, has been declared to be the chief author of that crime, yet he constantly affirms his innocence and declares that he was found not guilty by a public tribunal in Scotland. Considering these doubts, and the difficulty of procuring a fair trial during the present troubles, the King hopes that it will be taken in good part if he refuses to send him over. Does not consider it his duty to decide in this matter. As to Clark he has been found guilty of military offences by the sentence of other captains, both Scotch and German, and is therefore imprisoned.—Fredericksburgh, 9 March 1571. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Lat. Pp. 3½.
1596. Another copy.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 42/3.
March 9.1597. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Encloses letters which he has received from Grange and Lethington.—Berwick, 9 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
March 6.1598. Kirkcaldy of Grange to Drury.
Forwards a letter from Lethington. On Friday, fifteen of the men who were taken at Paisley were condemned. The Regent has caused proclamation to be made to meet him at St. Johnstone, on the 14th, to go against Huntley. Since the abstinence is run out, he dares no longer promise for Buccleugh.—Edinburgh Castle, 6 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Feb. 21.1599. Lethington to Drury.
Desires him to forward a packet containing letters for different people to Lord Burghley—Balmany, 21 Feb. 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼. Enclosure.
March 10.1600. Advices from Italy.
The Seignory have sent Jacomo Ragazzoni to Constantinople to treat about the restitution of certain merchandise. Famagosta holds out bravely. It is said that the Grand Turk will go in person with 250,000 soldiers to Corfu. Rome, March 3. The Grand Duke has agreed to furnish twelve galleys for the league.—Venice, 10 March.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1¾.
March 10.1601. The Queen to Francis Walsingham.
Is resolved to send out of hand a gentleman to the King of Spain to understand his intention, and to deal roundly and plainly with him; and in the meantime for the withstanding of any enterprise, to send ships and forces to Ireland. Touching the matter of credit sent to him from Rochelle, she desires him to learn further thereof, and what are the meanest sums of money to be demanded, and what are best assurance. Is to complain to the French King and his Council of one Leon De la Haye, who being a prisoner of war was licensed to depart upon condition of sending home the son of Sir Thomas Cotton, then prisoner, or within a time limited to return again, and who has performed neither. If the Spanish Ambassador shall hear of her preparations by sea or land he may tell him that they are for her defence, and if she shall be offended for her revenge.
2. Extract from a letter of 26th March to Walsingham, informing him that the bearer, Henry Cobham, would impart to him certain matters connected with the Queen of Scots' case, which he is to let the Queen Mother understand.
Draft, corrected by Burghley. Endd. Printed by Digges. Pp. 2⅓.
March 11.1602. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Supposes that Lord Buckhurst, who is stayed here under colour of certain triumphs, will not depart without some overture made unto him by them. Guesses that certain indirect practices have held the matter in suspense. Encloses advertisements from Brittany. Has sent sixty crowns into Spain to Mr. Huggins, and also taken order for advertisements from thence, and that if the case shall require it, an express messenger shall be sent. This he hopes to bring to pass by giving 100 crowns pension, allowing besides for portage.— Paris, 11 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
March 1.1603. Advertisements out of Brittany.
A gentleman named Landereau prepares four ships and 1,000 or 1,200 soldiers at St. Malo, but it is uncertain what way he will take. At present there is no bruit of any other stir throughout Brittany.
Endd. P. 1. Enclosure.
March 11.1604. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
1. The Lords have deferred their coming to Edinburgh. The Lords Maxwell and Herries and others of the West parts have agreed to join for the punishment of transgressors of the laws. Lord Seton had 4,000 crowns of the money sent out of Flanders for his furnishing towards the French court. Grange assures him that his brother has gone to France only to seek remedy for some imperfection and debility of his body. Grange has shipped certain broken pieces of brass which have been sold by the Regent for 900 pounds Scots, and 600 pounds given to his soldiers. The ministers being assembled in a room under the place where the Lords of the Session sit, a writing was cast down amongst them without any name thereto, requiring reformation of the open railing of Mr. Knox against the Queen. Those above having cleared themselves that it was none of their deeds, proclamation was made that if any would come and be able before them justly to reprove Mr. Knox of any such crime, that reformation should be had thereof. Howbeit none came.
2. P.S.—Wark Castle decays very much daily. Sends a letter from Grange to the commissioners of the Queen of Scots. Lethington complains because Burghley does not deal more plainly with him.—Berwick, 11 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
March 11.1605. Summons by the Regent Lennox.
Summons for Patrick Agnew, sheriff of Galloway, and several other gentlemen of that country, to appear before the Regent and the Lords of the Privy Council on the 20th March 1571, to answer to such crimes as shall be laid to their charge. —Ayr, 11 March 1571. Signed: Matthew, Regent.
Endd. P. ½.
March 11.1606. Hercules A'Meredith to Cecil.
Professes his loyalty to the Queen and desire to serve her. Is desirous of going to Louvain to bestow some time in the study of cosmography, but until he hears from him he will suspend his determination lest his going should breed suspect. Antwerp, 11 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ¾.
March 12.1607. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Is sorry to accompany his thanks for his obtaining his suit at Her Majesty's hands with a new request. Such is the dearth in this country that Her Majesty's allowance does not by 10l. in the week defray the ordinary charges of his house. Of 800l. which he brought he has not left much above 200l., so that unless there be some consideration had of him he cannot but sink under the burden.—Paris, 12 March. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
March 13.1608. Charles IX. to M. De la Mothe Fenelon.
Approves of the prolongation of the suspension of arms in Scotland till the end of the month, and has sent to the havens of Normandy and Brittany that the merchants of Scotland of either party may have free traffic. Desires him to tell the Bishop of Ross that he is in no way displeased with his mistress for having yielded too much to the Queen of England, as he is sure that she has only acted according to the advice of the Queen Mother, which was to refuse no conditions provided she could obtain her liberty. Trusts that by the end of the month she will be restored to her estate, and thereby the ancient league and alliance between Scotland and France will be strengthened and increased. Promises all the assistance in his power. Has written to the Queen expressing the pleasure and hope that he has that she will be shortly at liberty.— Fauxbourgh St. Honoré, Paris, 13 March 1571.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
March 14.1609. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Encloses copies of letters. It is concluded that the Queen's entry and coronation shall proceed about the latter end of this month.—Paris, 14 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Jan. 22.1610. Walsingham to the Elector Palatine.
Offers his services, and desires to know his pleasure as to how he shall communicate with him.—Paris, 22 Jan. 1571.
Copy. Endd. Lat. P. ½. Enclosure.
Feb. 14.1611. The Elector Palatine to Francis Walsingham.
Accepts and thanks him for his offers of assistance in preserving the mutual intelligence between himself and the Queen of England, and recommends that Killigrew's cipher should be used in their correspondence.—Heidelburg, 14 Feb. 1571.
Copy. Endd. Lat. P. ½. Enclosure.
March 14.1612. John Count of Emden to Queen Elizabeth.
Desires the restitution of certain money, of which one of his subjects has been deprived.—Emden, Prid. Id. Mart. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1½.
March 16.1613. The Earl of Cassillis to Kirkcaldy of Grange.
Notwithstanding that he has shown the copy of the abstinence to the Earl of Glencairn and others, they continue in their determination to destroy the principal houses in this town, to oppress his tenants and wreck the country, for the eschewing of which he has promised to enter at Stirling on the 15th of April next. Has promised nothing against the obedience of the Queen's Majesty.—Maybole, 16 March.
Endd. P. ½.
March 16.1614. Lord Buckhurst to the Queen.
Gives a very long and detailed account of five conferences between Catherine De Medicis and Guido Cavalcanti concerning the proposed match between the Queen of England and the Duke of Anjou. Alluding to the reports against the Queen's fair fame, Cavalcanti said that she had reigned nearly thirteen years, and that envy herself, lying in watch with Argus's eyes in these many years there could never be found any manner of suspicion that could once touch her honour. The Queen Mother professed herself very much inclined for the marriage, but could not see how it could be attempted without hazarding the King's honour. Cavalcanti presented a portrait of Her Majesty to the Queen Mother to be given to the Duke of Anjou, and received a promise of one of the Duke's, and in the end it was arranged that the Queen Mother should speak with Lord Buckhurst. Accordingly on the 12th inst. by appointment he met her in the garden of the Tuilleries as it were by good hap, where they had a long conference, during which Lord Buckhurst assured her that the Queen of England had declared to him that for the benefit and contentation of her realm she was most firmly and fully resolved to marry; and in the end it was determined that M. De Foix should be sent over to England with credit to arrange the matter, the Queen Mother in the meanwhile requiring that the utmost secresy should be observed. On the next day he received a paper containing eight articles for commencing the negotiations.—Amiens, 16 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 11½.
March 16.1615. Lord Buckhurst to the Queen.
Has sent her an account of the conferences of Cavalcanti and himself with the Queen Mother, which he desires her to send first privately by herself before she imparts them to any other.—Amiens, 16 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
March 17.1616. Proclamation by James VI.
Commands all who have received wages of Grange and taken up arms at his command, to leave him within three days on pain of death.—Glasgow, 17 March 1570.
Notes of the publication of this proclamation at Dunse and Kelso at the foot.
Endd. P. 1.
March 18.1617. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
In his last he forgot to advertise how he had visited the Count Olivarez, whom he found more solemn than wise. Dealt with him about Stuckley's attempt, and showed him what he was, and what inconveniences might grow to both princes by so evil an instrument. His reply was only that his master meant no evil towards the Queen, and as to Stuckley's entertainment and the making of him a knight, he could only say that there was no such matter. M. Ruffek has lately returned out of Germany, being sent to treat of a marriage between the Duke Augustus' daughter and the Duke of Alençon. His answer is, that the princes of Germany always observed equality of degree in matching their children, which also they did not do until they could judge what it was to marry; and though all other respects were answerable, yet this match would be inconvenient in respect of diversity of religion. Chevalier Sheures is dispatched to the Emperor to treat of a marriage betwixt his eldest son and Madame Marguerite.—Paris, 18 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1⅓.
March 20.1618. Christopher Mundt to Lord Burghley.
The Emperor has summoned the Electors to Ratisbon, as the Turk is said to be getting ready great forces for Hungary. The Vaivode is going to marry the daughter of the Duke of Cleves. The Duke of Bavaria is endeavouring to restore the Popish religion. The Princes of Navarre and Condé have their envoys in Germany to try and postpone the payment of the captains of the reiters to the autumn fair at Nuremberg. Thanks him for obtaining so good a reception of his son by Walsingham. Commends the bearer to his favour, who belongs to an honourable family of Augsburg merchants who have often shown kindness to the agents of the English sovereigns.— [Nuremberg] 20 March 1571. Signed: N.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 2.
March 20.1619. Kirkcaldy of Grange to Sir William Drury.
Desires him to forward certain letters to the Commissioners of the Queen of Scots. Although this dealing of the Earl of Lennox compels him to run another course than he thought to have done, yet he will leave no good office to maintain the amity between the two realms.—Edinburgh Castle, 20 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
March 21.1620. Sir William Drury to the Privy Council.
The Regent has returned to Glasgow, and intends to go to Stirling. By his late journey he has caused the Earls of Cassilis and Eglinton to submit to the obedience of the King, who have entered into sureties. On the 19th was proclamation made at Edinburgh in the King's name, forbidding, upon pain of treason, that any should serve Grange, and commanding those who now serve him to leave him within three days. Great mass of victuals is taken into the castle, and cabins for soldiers made. There is esteemed to be within 100 tuns of wine.—Berwick, 21 March 1570. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
March 22.1621. News from Rome.
Naval preparations in Spain. Copy of a letter from the Grand Signior to Don John of Austria. List of presents sent by the same to Don John.—Rome, 22 March 1571.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
March 23.1622. Sir William Drury to the Privy Council.
On the same afternoon that the proclamation was made at Edinburgh, Grange caused Captain Melville with a drum to go through the town, offering pay to all such as would serve him, and on the morrow caused the Abbey to be taken, and put therein certain soldiers. Yesterday Cessford and he met at Carham, who did as much justice as he required. Before he brought him to a good mind some threatening passed both by letters and messages. Has told Ferniehurst and others that he would be his own carrier if otherwise he could not be answered by fair means and justice.—Berwick, 23 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
March 26.1623. The Earl of Lennox to Queen Elizabeth.
Desires her to grant a passport to David Borthwick to go through her realm into France.—Glasgow, 26 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Royal Letter.
March 26.1624. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Desires him to signify to the Queen that on the 25th the Archbishop of Cashel repaired to him, and after justifying his departure out of Ireland without Her Majesty's leave, said that the King of Spain had very honourably entertained him with a pension of 2,000 ducats. He then showed him that about September last Stuckley came into Spain, and told him that the intention of his repair thither was to deal with the King of Spain about the reducing of Ireland into his government, whereby heresy might be expelled and true Catholic religion planted, and therefore desired him that he would deal with Cardinal Spinosa to procure him access to the King, which the Archbishop refused to do, saying that he would be loath to see his country under the government of any others than the Queen and her successors. Stuckley thereupon went to the Duke of Feria, who brought him to the King, who, after conference had with him, used him very honourably, and gave him a fair house and 6,000 ducats, and a daily allowance for his table. Two days afterwards the King sent for the Archbishop, who told him that by report Stuckley had been a pirate, of life dissolute, of expenses prodigal, of no substance or any account in his country, though descended from a good house. Then the King told him that Stuckley had assured him that he had so dealt with the Irish nobility that he would find them ready to receive such forces as he should send. The Archbishop told him that he was not a man of that credit with the Irish nobility, who knew him to be but a shifter and one who sought to abuse all men, to which the King replied that besides his own report, he was recommended to him by his ambassador. Here he made a digression, and told Walsingham that the Ambassador did great hurt in England, which he did not learn by hearsay, but by the sight of his letters. Not long after the Archbishop had similar talk about Stuckley with the Duke of Feria, who charged him with unwillingness that the enterprise should go forward. In the end the Archbishop declared that the only cause of his departing out of Spain was, that he was loath to be suspected to favour the said enterprise, hating nothing more than the name of traitor. On Walsingham urging him to use plainness he promised that if Her Majesty would restore him to his country and place, he would give him in writing both the manner of the conspiracy and also the remedy. He also feared that Lord Burghley had not conceived very well of him through Huggins' report. He thought that Stuckley would embark not much before the end of April, and that Julian Romero was appointed to this enterprise. Walsingham suspects that he does not mean good for these causes, first, as he is informed two Irishmen sent by him out of Spain were the cause of De la Roche's expedition; secondly, that he was sent for by the Cardinal of Lorraine; thirdly, he wishes James Fitzmaurice's son in Spain, who is now at Brest; and lastly, he does not forget his nation or religion. Has placed some espial about him to observe to whom he repairs, and also who repair to him. Finds the Irish captain whom he desired Lord Buckhurst to recommend to the Queen, very serviceable in this behalf. He desires within twenty days to be advertised how Her Majesty inclines to his request. The only hope he has of him is, that he imagines that he mislikes that Stuckley should have the glory of the enterprise to which they both pretend, and which he first set abroach, and therefore would be glad to do anything to impeach the same.—Paris, 26 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Printed by Digges. Pp. 4.
March 26.1625. Francis Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
When the matter of [the Duke of Anjou] shall grow to that ripeness as it shall come to treaty, it would be very expedient the Queen should seek by liberality to win certain about him, to use them as means to win him to consent to such articles as shall be propounded for her own and her people's contentment. The Vidame is not secret, and therefore he forbears to deal with him.—Paris, 26 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
March 26.1626. The Earl of Rutland to Lord Burghley.
This slaughter at Rouen makes them of the religion look to themselves, and somewhat discourages English travellers, for in this broil two gentlemen called Talbot being there, and the people seeing two of their men standing at their lodging, said to one another, "What do these English here, let us attack them." He therefore begins to doubt of his journey to Rochelle. Yesterday he saw the coronation of the young Queen. Is troubled that his causes go not better in England, and fears that he must perforce shorten his journey, and therefore desires his assistance.—Paris, 26 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¾.
March 28.1627. Tomaso Frier to Cecil.
Excuses himself for not having written before. The reason he does so now is, that he has received an account of the unfortunate ending of the war in Cyprus, written by a Cypriot gentleman, who was an eyewitness, and which he considers worth sending to him.—Padua, 28 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. ¾.
March 29.1628. Henry Cobham to Lord Burghley.
Has received letters and passports into Spain from the Spanish Ambassador, who has also complained to him about different matters, and amongst the rest, of Mr. Winter's setting forth four ships for the Indies.—Calais, 29 March 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
March 30.1629. Privy Council of Spain to the Inquisition of Seville.
Measures to be taken for the suppression of heresy in Seville and for the regulation of the English trading to those parts.— Madrid, 30 March 1571. Signed.
Endd. Span. P. 2/3.