Elizabeth
July 1572, 16-31

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Allan James Crosby (editor)

Year published

1876

Pages

149-163

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Elizabeth: July 1572, 16-31', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 10: 1572-1574 (1876), pp. 149-163. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73148 Date accessed: 26 October 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

July 1572, 16-31

July 16.475. Sir Wm. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Has had audience with the Regent, by whom his message was better liked than that of De Croc. Has again spoken with Morton respecting the Irish bishop. The Castilians thankfully received the Queen's message, and he sends their written answer; they have asked him to come again to them, and say they will so satisfy him as their adversaries shall in no reason be able to refuse or mislike therewith. Has had secret conference with one of the King's party, who says that they will not only so content Her Majesty, but wish that she had the whole honour for so good a work. The King's party are offended that De Croc's son-in-law has both at the Court and elsewhere in France spoken as much in their contrary as in favour of the Castilians. Is secretly let to know that De Croc is authorised to offer pensions to some of both sides, amounting to fifty thousand francs a year. Has assured De Croc with respect to Home Castle that what the Queen has promised she will certainly perform. Has warned Grange not to keep the Frenchmen in the Castle, and he says that they shall not stay, but that Lord Fleming who practised for their coming, and who is still in great extremity from the hurt he received at their arrival, will take them away with him to Crooklington or Whithorne Abbey. Captain Montgomery is dead or likely to die of a wound received at the overthrow given by Arbroath to him and Crawford. The Hamiltons besieged the Lord Semple and others in the palace and church of Hamilton, thinking to have famished them; the Provost of Glasgow raised between thirteen and fourteen hundred of the King's men and rescued them.—Restalrig, 16 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
July 16.476. Lethington and Grange to Sir W. Drury.
He will remember that long ago when by command of his Sovereign he made the like motion for an abstinence, they willingly yielded thereto, so now there is no cause why they should not willingly incline thereto, the same motion being renewed by the Queen and the King of France. And though they are not in such evil case, nor have their enemies driven them to such straits as to force them thereto, yet they are desirous of peace, that it may appear to the world that they are reasonable in all their dealings, and have no delight to nourish an ungodly flame of evil dissension. They are willing that the disputes be settled by the whole nobility, and in case the same be not sufficient they defer to the arbitration of their two Majesties. So that for their part there shall be no difficulty to bring their Majesties' intentions to pass.— Edinburgh Castle, 13 July 1572. Signed, W. Maitland, W. Kirkcaldy.
Add. Endd. P. 1. Enclosure.
July 16.477. Lord Maxwell to Lord Scrope.
Defends his friend John Maxwell, tutor of Kirkonell, from the charge of resetting Edward Dacre, and procuring a horse for him.—Dumfries, 16 July 1572. Signed.
Copy. Endd. P. 2/3.
July 16.478. Occurrents of the Low Countries.
Sir Humfrey Gilbert, with 1,200 English and all the Frenchmen, and 100 Walloons, has taken Sluys without any loss; only 60 Spaniards executed in Flushing. Bruges is likewise taken by him, where M. De Ruse should have entered. The towns greatly desire 3,000 Englishmen, whom they would so employ as they shall not be forced to receive the French. Sir Humfrey has also taken 25 pieces of brass. The Prince of Orange was on Wednesday sevenight in Guilderland with 7,000 horse and 13,000 footmen. The Duke of Alva's force expected from Germany has been diverted by means of the Admiral of France. It is reported that Chapin Vitelli is taken at Mons, Noircairmes hurt, and Barlaimont's son slain. There is great supply come to Ludovick out of France, so as on the Prince's approach they mean to take the field.
Endd. P. 1.
June 17.479. Advertisements from the Low Countries.
Copy of a letter translated from the Flemish from the governor and magistrates of Flushing to their agents in London. Give accounts of the actions before Flushing. Have executed some of their prisoners. Capture of the Lisbon fleet with a rich cargo. As the Duke of Alva is preparing to attack them they desire that munitions and artillery may be sent to them. Arrival of vessels from different places.—17 June 1572.
Copy in French. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
July 17.480. Lethington and Grange to Sir W. Drury.
As Her Majesty has given him to declare to the adverse party that the Castle of Edinburgh should remain in custody of Grange, they hope, by their good behaviour, that they may deserve a continuance of the Queen's favour, and that it may please her to receive them both and their friends in her protection. They promise to be always at Her Majesty's devotion, as far as she can wish any subject of Scotland to be. If Her Majesty like of this she shall be assured that it shall not lie in the hands of any other prince, either by gifts, persuasion, or other means, to induce them at any time to swerve from their promise.
Endd. P. 1.
July [17].481. Negotiations of the Castle with Tullibardine.
1. The Castilians offer that either the nobility of Scotland, or the sovereigns of France and England, should name the government they will observe. Tullibardine wishes to have the controversy appeased by themselves, and not to have to do with either of the Princes.
2. That upon the two Princes' promise of surcease, and peace to follow, the town shall be presently patent to all manner of men. They offer that if the adverse party put in hostages as they will do themselves to keep the surcease; and if in the time of abstinence they cannot agree amongst themselves, that the two Princes shall "strike stroke," they will make the town patent the next day. The Regent's party would have meeting between them and the Castle before they will grant surcease.
Endd. P. 1.
July 18.482. Intelligence from Scotland.
Lindsay, servant to Captain Cockburn, has returned from France; he has kept letters from the Castilians to the Bishop of Glasgow for a month, and then caused them to be delivered by a woman, which is evil taken in the Castle, as also his master's speech made to the King and Queen Mother in favour of the Regent's party, and in disfavour of them. The same is of both parties holden very subtle and crafty, notwithstanding his colour of simple and jesting manner. Tullibardine's dealing with Grange is by consent of the Regent and Morton, who work by all secret means that this peace may be made amongst themselves. He (Drury) is working that the Queen may have the honour of the same, yet not hindering the agreement. M. De Croc has burdened Grange of speech he should use that he would break the league between Her Majesty and the French King, and that the King should offer him ten thousand crowns for the Castle; this has come from M. De la Mothe the ambassador there, who writes that complaint should be made thereof to him. Grange denies the same, and has written to De la Mothe. Nicholas Errington affirms as much to be true as he subscribed unto, wherein he says that the ten thousand crowns should be offered by some of the Scottish King's party. Has caused Grange to be dealt with quietly therein, who affirms that he had ten thousand crowns offered him of the King's party, and that he trusted the league would not last a year, and in choler said that he would do the best he could to throw a bone between them to the same; but now finding Her Majesty favours more, he is of another mind, as may be seen from his offer, which he conceives to be Lethington and Robert Melvil's, who guide Grange. They are greatly comforted that the Queen is pleased that Grange shall hold the Castle, and if the same has come before De Croc's arrival they would have wholly depended upon her. Pinart has brought some French crown for the diets of De Croc, his father-in-law.
(In the handwriting of Sir W. Drury.) Endd. Pp. 2.
483. "Conference between Tullibardine and the Lairds of Lethington and Grange."
1. The controller's errand is to draw on a meeting between the noblemen of both sides, which is the best way to take up matters among themselves rather than to trouble foreign princes. The Castilians are content for meeting and for an abstinence.
2. "He says that there can be no abstinence while the meeting proceed, and that the town of Edinburgh be put at liberty." They reply that if they are assured peace will follow they will put the town at liberty, but that it may happen that either party will stick wilfully at their own passion, and prescribe conditions unreasonable to the other which cannot be acceded, and there will be no peace. If, therefore, they were to put out of their hands their chief security, the town of Edinburgh, they should highly "prejudge" themselves. But if they will put their cause to the arbitrament of the most Christian King and the Queen of England, and for security deliver such of them hostages to them, then will they presently without farther delay put the town to liberty. To which Tullibardine answered that it was not necessary to trouble their Majesties with the matter, but let Scotsmen alone have to meddle therein. The Castilians in reply say that they are willing that they shall meet among themselves. but that if they cannot agree, as they fear they hardly shall, they think their Majesties are persons most indifferent to strike the stroke.
3. Though they of Leith are unwilling, yet the Castilians are determined that nothing shall be done to which their Majesties are not parties.
Endd. Pp. 1½. Enclosure.
July 18.484. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
He and De Croc have had an interview with the Castilians, who besought him to let them know what their adversaries would do, so that they might either prepare for peace or war. The Regent appointed to give him and De Croc audience the next day, but in the meanwhile the Earl of Morton, the Justice Clerk, and the Clerk of the Register came to his lodging and said they had to speak with him before they came into presence, for that they would be constrained to give other answer to De Croc than to him, and such perchance as would not well content him, unless they concurred in acknowledging the title and authority of the King, and until that was done they stood in doubt how they could jointly make them answer. Drury answered that he had only commission to deal for peace and for the maintenance of the King's authority, and therefore referred De Croc's case to their own discretion. When they went to audience some offence was uttered, for that De Croc was not of mind as touching the King, De Croc alleging that his master would not consent thereto, nor show himself enemy to the Scottish Queen, as she was his brother's wife and had been crowned Queen of France. These are the articles to be resolved in from the castle:—"What form of abstinence the adversaries would be at? Who desires? For whom? For what space? Upon what conditions?" These delays seem to imply that they intend to settle their differences among themselves. The Chancery House in Ross is yielded to Lord Ruthven, 24 having been slain on each side. The Lairds of Bromston and Pennycuik have been apprehended for sending a letter to the castle by a boy, advising them to be doing when the Regent and Lord Morton were away. M. Pinart has brought letters from the French King and Monsieur to the King and the Regent, the superscription and subscription of his letters being somewhat friendlier than others before were. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
July 18.485. Notes by the Lords at Leith upon the Abstinence.
Embodied in Sir William Drury's letter to Lord Burghley of the same date. Endd. P. ¼.
July 18.486. News from Antwerp.
That there were slain three leagues from Mons, of M. Genlis' company, 1,800, besides 600 prisoners, and that M. de Genlis and De Lagny were taken prisoners and M. de Rentz slain, and that the Duke of Alva had sent to the French King to know whether he will avow Genlis' enterprise. Other rumours of the action. The citizens of Paris, understanding of Genlis' overthrow, spare not to make declaration of their joy by general processions, banquets, and the like.
Endd. P. 1.
July 18.487. Sir John Forster to Lord Burghley.
There is at present great variance between the Laird of Ferniehurst and the inhabitants of Jedburgh, and daily slaughter amongst them, by reason whereof the Borders are like to grow to great disorder. Has written to Lord Hunsdon informing him that Ferniehurst had offered to redress any attempts made by his people, and encloses the copy of his answer (see 9 July). Desires to know the Council's pleasure how he shall act, as the Laird of Cessford, who is the warden for Scotland, will not answer for Ferniehurst and the other principal lairds on the Borders.—Alnwick, 18 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
July 18.488. Walsingham to Burghley.
On the 8th the Prince of Orange passed the Rhine at Asbourgh. His army consists of 7,000 horse and 50 ensigns of foot, and it is thought that he will march towards Holland to place garrisons in such towns as have revolted to him, and to receive money towards the payment of his army. Upon advertisements lately out of Italy that Don John of Austria is not yet departed, they make fair weather here with the Ambassador of Spain, who in outward show bears them in hand that he believes all they say. There is great suspicion that [4] is underhand enemy to these wars, but dare not show it for fear of the King, who very much affects it, otherwise all had quailed long since. [3] B is not yet free from suspicion. There is lately arrived a gentleman from the French Ambassador at Constantinople who gives out that the Turk makes very great preparation for the seas, and that he offers the French King very great sums to break with the King of Spain, and that he remits into his hands the according of the differences between him and the Venetians, who are weary of the Spanish promises. Chapin Vitelli in viewing Mons has received a harquebuss shot. The Ambassador of Florence excuses the loan of 100,000 crowns to the Duke of Alva. It is thought that to help the matter his master can be content to lend as much to the opposite party.—Paris, 18 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
July 19.489. Answer of the Castilians.
The answers of the Castilians to Sir Wm. Drury and M. De Croc touching the four questions of the Regent's party (see No. 484):
Their own instructions answer the four points, as the abstinence is craved by their Majesties of England and France of the two parties in arms in Scotland, and is to be for two months as to conditions. The word "abstinence" imports all the conditions to be observed, to wit, that there be an abstinence of war, cessation of arms between the two parties that are in arms throughout the realm, as well for themselves as for their adherents during the time thereof.
Copy. Endd. P. 2/3.
July 20.490. Intelligence from Scotland.
The King's party labour to draw agreement amongst themselves without the knowledge of Drury or De Croc, but the Castilians, who say that they are wholly at the devotion of the Queen, will do nothing without her consent. Tullibardine has written to the Castilians asking them to do nothing with the ambassadors, but try to agree among themselves, so that all shall be well, also that they agree by writing rather than by a meeting, whereof the ambassadors will take inspection. Many of the nobles expect pensions from France. The Earl of Argyle has gone to France to obtain the order (of St. Michael) and a pension; the Earl of Eglinton and others shall have the disposition of his lands and rooms in his absence. Lethington and Robert Melvil wish that Grange should put in assurance to the Queen not to dispose of the Castle without her consent. De Croc wishes them to make the agreement among themselves, and then he will stop in Scotland and endeavour to bring them to the direction of the French King. The Castilians have tried to sound him as to his master's meaning towards them, but can get nothing out of him.
Copy of Tullibardine's Letter to the Castle.
This afternoon spoke with Marr and the Council and believes all will be well. Marr took very well that which Robert Melville spoke in the Secretary's name. The King of France and the Queen of England's ambassadors handle matters well, but it might be far better amongst themselves. If there be any communing he prays that they will see that their "communers" be well instructed and modest. In Drury's writing.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
July 20.491. Arrival of English Forces in the Low Countries.
On the 10th July they arrived before the town [Flushing] with 4 tall ships and 600 soldiers. The General [Sir Humfrey Gilbert] was saluted with the great ordnance and a lodging provided for him, and the next day he opened the cause of his coming, being simply to relieve their miseries, and to "make them owners of themselves;" avowing also his zeal to the cause of religion to the Governor and the magistrates, who by their countenance and speech showed readiness to embrace his society, only when he demanded entry for his men the Governor took respite till the afternoon and so dismissed the council for that time. In the afternoon the Governor and the townsmen contended touching the entry of the English, whereon the General charged him publicly with evil meaning that he entertained 5 or 600 French in the town against the will of the town, and denied his companies whom they were ready to receive. The Governor delayed still, so Sir Humfrey having sown some sparks of mutiny between the town and him took his leave as though he would return home. After his departure the townsmen in general exclaimed against the Governor charging him with treason, and advising him with violent speech at his peril to turn his delays into simple dealing, and rising from the council came to the General's lodgings and agreed that if the Governor would not receive the English the next day that they would beat down the gates. All that night the English stood upon their guard in their armour, fearing the malice of the Governor, who also was in arms with most part of the French. The next day the English came in about 5 or 6 o'clock but were not provided for either in lodging or victual, and in the evening the French put themselves in arms under colour of a double watch, on which they disposed all their men in order of a watch before the lodging of the General, who on the Governor sending to persuade him to retire them, alleged that being not bestowed in lodgings their wandering up and down the streets would breed more inconvenience. In the morning the men being bestowed conveniently the General and the Governor grew to reconcilement and banqueted one another. On Monday every English captain mustered his men and delivered weapons to them, and on the following day they were viewed by the master of the field and their numbers recorded, and a voyage into the field resolved in council. Sends copies of the covenants agreed between the General, the Governor, and the town. On Thursday [the 17th] the camp marched towards Ordenburg 23 pieces of brass artillery with bullets and powder, and 100 horses with the ensign of the conductors were taken by certain companies ranging before the camp. The country offers aid to the camp willingly. As the writer passed Sluys on Sunday [the 20th] he saw violent fires in the town, the castle shooting into the town, and the townsmen with their goods fleeing in boats and other vessels of transport.—10 July 1572.
In the form of a journal.
Endd. Pp. 32/3.
July 15.492. Capitulations between Sir Humfrey Gilbert and the Governor and Burgomasters of Flushing.
200 French and 200 English to remain in the town for a guard, and in case of attack equal numbers of both nations to be received, but neither to be suffered to be masters. All wounded and sick to be sheltered in the town without respect to numbers. The gentlemen and soldiers of both nations to have free access to the town if provided with proper passports. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Enclosure. Fr. P. 1.
493. Another copy.
Endd. Enclosure. Fr. P. ¾.
July 20.494. Instructions for Walsingham.
Although the forbearing of Her Majesty's assent to the motion of the Marshal Montmorency for a marriage with the Duke of Alencon was grounded upon the inequality of their ages, yet a greater cause of misliking proceeds from the report made by all of his great blemish in his face by means of the smallpox, which is such that none dare affirm to Her Majesty the good liking of him in that respect. Though it is not Her Majesty's meaning that he shall make any mention in her name of this impediment, yet he may do well as of himself to let the Queen Mother secretly understand that he thinks that Her Majesty's ministers and servants who were lately in France durst not but make report of the blemishing that has happened to the Duke's face by the smallpox, and that that will be as great a cause of the Queen's stay to assent as his lack of age. If there shall be proposed to him any likelihood of the Duke's coming over either openly or secretly to be seen by Her Majesty, he is not to reject it, nor yet consent thereto, but say that he will advertise the matter to some of her Council.
Draft in Burghley's writing. Endd., "not sent." P. 1½.
495. Fair copy of the above.
P. 1.
July 20.496. The Queen to Walsingham.
Directs him to express her great regret to the French King and the Queen Mother that she cannot assent to their proposal brought by M. de Montmorency for her marriage with the Duke of Alençon, and to assure them that the only impediments arise through the great disparity in their age, and from the bad opinion that the world might conceive of her thereby.
Extract from a letter. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2¼.
July 21.497. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The King has despatched M. de la Moela [Mole], servant to M. le Duc D'Alencon, with letters to the Queen to thank her for the rare entertainment and honour done to the Marshal, and to give her notice of the marriage to be solemnised between the King of Navarre and the Lady Margaret. He gave Walsingham but "Scarborough warning," and therefore Burghley must bear with these scribbled lines. Wrote more at large yesterday by Hollingshead, who went by way of Dieppe.—Paris, 21 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
July 22.498. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Desires the arrest of George Torris, a Scotchman, who has robbed one Emanuel de Arativijo, a Portugal in Paris, and has fled into England.—Paris, 22 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ⅓.
July 22.499. The Admiral of France to Queen Elizabeth.
Is very glad to hear from M. Dupin, his secretary, that she takes in good part that which he has communicated to her from him. Expresses his desire for the continuance of this good amity between her and the King of France, and also his willingness to serve her on account of the honour and favour which he and his have received from her.—Paris, 22 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
July 22.500. The Admiral of France to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him humbly for the goodwill which he has manifested towards him, which he prays him to continue, and will not omit anything on his part by which he can manifest the same towards him. Thinks that the late treaty of amity cannot be better strengthened than by a good marriage, which he would be happy to assist in bringing about.—Paris, 22 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
July 23.501. The Duke of Montmorency to the Queen.
Recommends to her favour M. de la Mole, gentleman of the chamber, to the Duke of Alençon. Her Majesty cannot but receive great advantages from the proposal which he made to her on the part of the King of France.—Ile-Adam, 23 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
July 23.502. The Queen to Walsingham.
1. At the being here of the Duke of Montmorency and M. de Foix, she was moved to incline to an offer of marriage with the Duke of Alencon, but found the matter somewhat strange considering some things past not in good order, as in the like offer of M. D'Anjou, but especially considering the youngness of the years of the Duke of Alencon; so for those respects, although she could give them no answer of comfort to content them, such was their importunity that after many conferences she told them that she found so many difficulties in the matter, especially in his age, yet such was the importunity of her own subjects to have her marry that she would forbear to give any resolute answer, but would take time to be advertised of the matter. Has conferred with the Lord Admiral and others who were in France, and finds the conditions and qualities of the said Duke nothing inferior to the Duke of Anjou, but rather better to be liked; but as to his visage and favour everybody declares the same to be far inferior, and that especially for the blemishes which the smallpox has wrought therein; so as the youngness of his years being considered she can in no ways bring herself to like this offer, especially finding no other great commodity offered with him, whereby the absurdity that in the general opinion of the world might grow might be in some manner recompensed. She has determined that Walsingham shall say in her name to Montmorency, or if he shall desire it to the French King, that she most earnestly thanks him and his mother for the offer, and that she has great desire to have the amity betwixt them continued, but that she is sorry to find so great difficulties in this matter that she cannot digest the inconveniences of the same. He is to pray the King and the Queen Mother to assure themselves that there is no lack of desire in her to continue and increase the amity between them, but that the difficulties proceed almost only of the difference of the age of M. Alençon and her own, which is a matter that cannot be remedied. Although she was of this mind from the beginning, yet at the being of the Ambassadors in England she was so laboured unto by her Council and by her estates in Parliament for the necessity of her marriage, some alleging that the difference of age might be recompensed with some other matter of advantage to her or her realm, that she yielded to take further consideration of the matter. But in all this time she cannot find her mind altered, or hear of anything which might countervail the inconvenience, and so she makes them answer that she cannot find herself void of doubt and misliking to accept this offer, allowing nevertheless for his worthiness, for his virtuous and honourable conditions, as much as she can require in any prince to be her husband. (Printed by Digges, pp. 226.)
2. In this sort he may see what manner of answer he shall make, and although therein his age is made the matter and ground of her misliking, as in very deed it is a great part thereof, yet the report she has of the blemishing of his face by the smallpox is no small part of her misliking, which every person expresses to be so great as none dare give her any hope how to bear with that inconvenience, howsoever otherwise he be, both for his stature, shape of his body, and gifts of mind very well commended. Her meaning is not that he shall in her name use this as part of her misliking, although he may as of himself in secret speech with the Queen Mother use some speech thereof. If it be moved that it might be obtained that the party might come over to be seen, he shall say that he will advertise her.
Draft in Burghley's writing; the latter portion not sent. Endd. Pp. 7.
July 27.503. The Queen to Walsingham.
After she had finished her other letter the French Ambassador gave knowledge that he had received letters from thence, and required audience before she should send to Walsingham, and thereby her former letter was stayed, He is therefore to show them her answer, as she conceived it to be given when those letters were written, but to say that in respect to the desire which she sees in the King and the Queen Mother she has thought convenient to enlarge her answer in some part. After he has used this sort of speech to them, he is to say that she finds no other principal impediment in this matter but in the difference of the ages and the case of religion. As for the difficulty about religion she thinks that it may be removed to the satisfaction of both, but as to the other nothing can make such a full satisfaction as that either of them might by some convenient means with their own eyes satisfy their own conceits. If they say that heretofore no like usage has been in the marriage of the children of France, or shall doubt that this is propounded by her to increase her reputation without any intent to marry him, though his person may not mislike her, he is to answer that, considering the advancement that would grow by a marriage with her, this special case can have no former example answerable to rule it. As to the second part that may be objected, he may certainly affirm that she has no meaning to gain any particular estimation to herself, but simply seeks to procure the satisfaction of her own mind in this difficulty touching his person, wherein no other of her own dare deal with her. Finally, if he perceives that they stick only upon the reputation of his honour that is to come, and not be allowed for his person, he may as of himself propound that the matter of religion be outwardly so left in suspense, as the breaking off, if any should follow, may to the world be thereto imputed.
Draft by Lord Burghley, 27 July 1572. Printed by Digges, p. 228. Endd. Pp. 7.
July 27.504. John Lee to Burghley.
Don Frederic having intelligence that there were coming towards Mons 4,000 French soldiers, raised his camp and intercepted them, and gave them a great overthrow. The advice hereof being brought to Brussels on the 19th instant, the Dukes of Alva and Medina Celi went to mass and caused the Te Deum to be sung. This news greatly pleases the Papists who are come all here with their wives for greater security, who trust that the English soldiers shall shortly have the like breakfast, against whom is sent M. De Renes with certain Walloons. The English have retired from before Bruges into Zealand. There is great bruit that the King of Portugal has 80 great ships in readiness, the charge whereof is supported by the King of Spain, who shall come hither to annoy the Queen of England. Mons is still besieged. Alva has appointed 16 ships to go into Holland to M. Bonsheau [Bossu], the general, to make some attempt against Brielle. Seven of the ships are galleys, and bear two great pieces of artillery before, and the rest five pieces of a side. Refers him to the bearer for an account of his unhappy and sinister state, and the original ground of his long and painful sickness; and thanks him for the 20l. which he has sent to him.—Antwerp, 27 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Partly in cipher. With three seals. Pp. 2.
July 30.505. Form of the Abstinence.
"The Forme of the Abstinance, grantit be my Lord Regentis Grace, and Lords subscrivand with him, to the Lordis within the Castell and Toun of Edinburgh and thair adherentis." That following the instance and exhortation of the ambassadors of England and France, there be a truce for two months, during which time there shall be a meeting of the noblemen of the kingdom to treat for peace, and should they not agree they should refer the difference between them to the arbitrament of the King of France and Queen of England, promising upon their honours to accept all the conditions their Majesties shall propose unto them. James sometime Earl of Bothwell, James Ormiston sometime of that ilk, Patrick Hepburn sometime of Beinston, Patrick Wilson, sometime servant to the said Earl, James Hamilton sometime of Bothwellhaugh, John Hamilton sometime of Bothwell, his brother, with all the thieves and broken men, inhabitants of the Borders and Highlands, disturbers of the public peace, to be subject to the judgment and execution of the law, the said Abstinence notwithstanding, except that the last-named shall not be answerable for things bypast done at the commandment of either party. During the truce all the subjects of the realm may freely traffic, haunt, or converse together unmolested. The town of Edinburgh is to be set at liberty, the same as it was when the late Regent quitted it on the 27th January 1570, and the Castle to be kept with no greater garrison than it was at that time. Those who have feasted upon other men's lands, whereof the fruits are presently to be gathered, shall leave the same, stacked in heaps or in grange, till the end of the Abstinence.—At Leith, the penult day of July 1572. Imprinted at Edinburgh by Thomas Bassandine, cum privilegio Regis.
Endd. Blackletter broadside.
July 30.506. Manuscript copy of the same, in the handwriting of Sir Wm. Drury's secretary. Signed, John Regent, Mortoun, Ruthven, Boyed, Ja. Magill.
Endd. Broadside.
507. Another copy, signed by the Lords of the Queen of Scots' party.
Endd. Broadside.
July 30.508. Draft of the Abstinence by Sir Wm. Drury.
Suggesting to the Lords of the King's party the conditions, from which the Form of Abstinence signed by both parties was afterwards compiled.
Endd. P. 22/3.
July.509. News from Germany.
Enumeration of the troops and commanders under the Prince of Orange and also those under the Duke of Alva. A month's wages will be paid to the Prince of Orange's soldiery; the reiters will be content with half a month's pay if they cannot have that of a whole month. The Emperor has, in the last few days, sent to the Princes, expostulating with them for allowing the Prince of Orange, a rebel and disturber of the peace, to levy troops in their dominions, and threatens them with heavy penalties if they allow it in future. It is said the young Duke of Bavaria, with the Archduke Charles, will send support to Alva. The Elector Palatine everywhere hinders the troops of Alva from passing through his dominions; he has seized Count Otto of Eberstein sailing down the Rhine in a ship laden with arms, and has captured several captains and ancients near Oppenheim. The money to be employed by Alva in levying reiters, which was conveyed in vessels filled up with wine, has been taken by an unknown knight, near the Moselle. The convention of the princes will be held immediately at Mulhausen.
Corrected and Endd. by Mundt. Lat. Pp. 1½.
July.510. Advices from Italy.
Venice, 19 July 1572.—News of the Turk. Great sickness. Earthquake at Ferrara. Rome, 12 July 1572.—Mortality in Rome. Preparations for the capture of Algiers. News of the Papal Court. Speech of the Turkish Ambassador to the sons of Ali Bassa.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 42/3.
July.511. Advertisements from Flanders.
Of 1,600 Walloons in Antwerp there remain but 400, the rest having run away. Mutiny of the commons in Bruges, and entry of Sir Humfrey [Gilbert] into that town. The number of men mustered within Bruges esteemed to be 14,000. The ships of war in number 22 or 23 have no brass pieces, but all iron. The ships laden with spices sent to the Prince.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
July.512. Advertisements from Flanders.
Account of the defeat of the French Huguenots under M. De Genlis, who were endeavouring to relieve Mons, which was besieged by Don Ferdinando de Toledo.
Endd. Span. Pp. 3½.
July.513. Army of the Prince of Orange.
Table of pay and allowances for diet of certain captains of the Prince of Orange.
Endd. Fr. P. 1.
July.514. Army of the Prince of Orange.
List of names of the principal officers of the Prince of Orange, both of horse and foot, with the numbers of soldiers under their command; total reiters 7,500, infantry 13,500. Also a list of towns in the Low Countries at the devotion of the Prince of Orange.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 1¾.
July.515. Merchant Adventurers' Answer to the French King's Offer.
It would be no commodity for them to have a privilege in France, as those things in which they are principally occupied viz., white cloths, are chiefly uttered in Upper and Lower Germany. Besides, if they alter their old settled trade, they would also have to seek for dressers and dyers in a place unacquainted with the trade. It is dangerous to have the vent of all the commodity of the realm in one country, especially seeing the French have small trade to England. There is besides such evil observance of treaties and so evil justice in France. The drapers of France so much mislike the bringing of cloth into France that they will not endure it, insomuch as in January last, by proclamation, all foreign cloth was banished. The converting the whole trade of England into France would be hurtful to the navy, for that the ports there are so small that no great ship may enter. Signed: John Mershe, William Towson, George Bonde.
Endd. P. 1.