Elizabeth
February 1573, 1-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1876

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243-256

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'Elizabeth: February 1573, 1-15', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 10: 1572-1574 (1876), pp. 243-256. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73156 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


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February 1573, 1-15

Feb.747. Italian Advices.
1. From Vienna, 18 Feb. 1573.—Reports about the Prince of Orange and the Elector of Saxony. Suppression of the revolt in Styria. Preparations for war at Constantinople.
2. From Venice, 28 Feb.—Warlike preparations of the Turk and the League. Siege of Rochelle. News from Rome of different official appointments, and from other places of naval and military movements.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 2⅓.
Feb. 1?748. Custody of the King of Scotland.
The King has been kept and brought up within the Castle of Stirling under the charge of the late Regent, the Earl of Marr, almost from his birth, and the present Regent having the like care of the King's sure preservation and godly virtuous education, thinks convenient that the King should still remain in the Castle of Stirling, and that Alexander Erskine of Gogar should take upon himself the government of the King's person and of the Castle of Stirling. He shall himself and the friends and servants of the young Earl of Marr, his nephew, for which he shall be answerable, keep the Castle, and keep and observe the person of his Highness therein, at the devotion and direction of the Regent. The King is to continue as before under the nouriture of the Lady Countess of Marr as towards his mouth and the ordering of his person; he shall not be transported from the Castle, and none disobedient to his authority or known to be not well affected towards him shall have entrance or residence in the Castle. No earl shall be received in the Castle with more than two servants, no lord with more than one, and no gentleman but single and alone, and all without armour and weapons. The instruction and education of the King in literature and religion shall be under Masters George Buchanan and Peter Young, his present pedagogues, or such as shall be hereafter appointed, agreeing in religion with them; the exercise of religion as it is approved in Parliament and publicly used in the Castle shall in nowise be altered, nor shall his present pedagogues be removed and others placed in their charge without the special warrant of the Regent. For all which Alexander Erskine and his sureties shall answer upon their honours, under pain of their lives and heritages.
Endd. by Burghley. P. 1.
Feb. 1.749. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The bearer is sufficiently instructed of all things necessary, and can make report of the Castle better than any man in England or Scotland; it may please him therefore to give him more trust than the report of the surveyor and the master gunner, whose experience in that place and judgment are nothing like his; he is fittest to be master of the ordnance, because he knows how to place the ordnance to most advantage, and would deal warily and substantially in his charge. He refers him to Mr. Secretary's packet for all things concerning the expugnation of that den of troublers of themselves and their neighbours, which will be safely done in the charge set down by Sir Valentine Browne. Has sent six letters of Mr. James Kyrkcaldy taken since he came to Blackness, of which two are in cipher and the rest in his own hand. The bearer has instructions touching such ordnance as the Regent can furnish; also touching the hostages, which if they be allowed of will be ready the 15th of the month. He must go at that tine to St. Johnstone's or Linlithgow about the conference, where there shall be for the King the Earls of Arygle and Montrose, the Lords Boyd and Ruthven, the Abbot of Dunfermline, and the Justice Clerk, or four of them. The siege of Blackness makes him carry in with him the other 500l. remaining here. Hopes to send news of its surrendering, for he has seen two letters in the Regent's hands written to him by the captain thereof, tending to such an end unless great treason were meant. Lord Herries came to visit him and made great show of his good devotion towards the Queen, and of the hope he had in her goodness; he did not think that any French were looked for to land in the west, for if they came weak they would not pass unsought to the succour of the Castle, and if they come strong they would not go so far about, but come the next way to Leith; he said also that he knew of no one in that quarter but Lochinvar who was suspected of not being sure to the King, and he would take upon himself to answer for him.— Berwick, 1st February 1572 at night, late. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2⅓.
Feb. 1.750. John Maitland to the Earl of Huntley.
Lethington and Grange wish Captains Hackerston, Wauchop, and Patrick Bellenden to take ship and come about to release Blackness. Mr. James Kyrkcaldy has money to serve the turn; while such substantial support will come as to cast the balance; which it will linger no longer, and will be here sooner than it is looked for.—Edinburgh Castle, 1st February.
Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 2.751. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
1. Paid for Mr. Randolph 200l., which nevertheless could not serve the turn; there yet remains in his custody 1,000l. odd, which shall be ready when it is called for. Has been made privy of some reliefs to be minded towards the King, and has given a brief note of the least charge the same may come unto for one month. The charge and effect stands most upon the expedition thereof; he would rather be there with four or five battery pieces, than afterwards with the whole proportion demanded. The sure pledges for the same are also to be further weighed.—Berwick, 2nd February 1572. Signed.
2. Postscript.—Prays him give a favourable end to his account for the year ended Michaelmas 1571, about the which his man Stephen has lain there almost a year, to his great charge; having another to yield for the last year would gladly have him as one he may not well spare if any business were in hand; therefore has written to him to make the speed hither that he may, and if there be any money or thing to be despatched it may be safely sent, and in case any bullion were to be eftsoons employed, it is not here to be had by any means he can devise, which by his lordship's direction Stephens may compass in London.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
752. Sir William Drury and Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
There is nothing done to the bridge extending from the town towards Tweedmouth, being in length eight score feet and odd, which is so weak that it will not abide a carriage, besides there is a drawbridge yet to be made to the main bridge. Require his further help to the finishing of the same, which done it appears to them and is so reported by the workmen that the same shall need no more charge for many years.—Berwick, 2nd February 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
753. Bridge at Berwick.
Enumeration of the timber, iron, &c. lacking for the Queen's bridge at Berwick, with an estimate of the cost thereof and pay of the workmen, amounting to three hundred and twelve pounds twelve shillings. There is due and behind to the workmen of the said bridge, for the winter quarter, about one hundred and twenty pounds.
P. 1. Enclosure.
Feb. 5.754. H. Killegrew to Sir Thomas Smith.
The Regent is found reasonable to the petitions of the Earl of Huntley; nevertheless as it is not the first time that the Earl of Huntley has used delays and shifts, he cannot build upon any other ground than that he shall see or hear with his ears at the conference. He can see by the enclosed paper what the Regent's intent is if the accord grows not at St. Johnstone's, alias Perth; his proceeding hitherto has been so wise and temperate that it gives wise men a marvellous good hope of the sequel, and if he have reasonable support he is able to bring this troubled country to the King's obedience, before the French King or any other shall be able to hinder his purpose; the whole consists in the taking of the Castle, which can be done one month at the uttermost with that proportion Captain Errington carried with him, which if it be thought chargeable may be qualified, if it be assured that no forces will come out of France. For transport there shall be no want, nor of horses to carry them to the place where they must be planted. The number of men may be reduced from 800 to 300 footmen and 50 horsemen, and from eighteen pieces of battery to twelve. It is thought that if they agree at the conference at St. Johnstone's, the Castle hearing but of the ordnance to be in the Leith Roads, and the men marching from Berwick, would never abide the battery, but yield in hope of favour, and in fear, if they did not, of all extremity. If the hostages are misliked, the Regent to supply the default has given the names of the Earl of Eglinton's brother and Lord Ochiltree, of which the Regent desires to be resolved with all expedition; to the end that he may prepare thereafter, for if the Queen's ordnance and men be sent in then must he take his course accordingly; and because a great proportion of ordnance asks a great quantity of powder, if there were six battery pieces sent before abiding the rest, it is thought it would give a great essay to winning the Castle. There was never more wholesome weather that can be remembered, a comfort and a blessing to the King's side, and a marvellous hindrance to the other's designs. Blackness is lost and James Kirkcaldy and fifteen thousand francs taken, and thereof 3,300 crowns brought to the Regent, but with all that it cost him dear; the remaining 5,000 francs odd was bestowed in apparel, armour, and such like, so that the Regent could not come to the fingering of it, but was glad of this. The Regent said that that money, together with what the Queen had bestowed, should be made to stretch as far or farther than any like sum had done in any of his predecessors' time heretofore. After the examination this day of Kyrkcaldy by the Regent, he shall know what news he has, and will be a mediator for his life. Kyrkcaldy cannot afford France a good word, but that the Regent can not yet trust, he confessed that the money came not from the French King's treasury but of the Scottish Queen's dower, whereupon he (Killegrew) said the Queen of England had bestowed of her treasure to find an unthankful and dangerous guest, and thought it were a good deed to find the means that her dower in France might be brought to be bestowed in England to the finding of herself and her extraordinary charges there. The Regent desires him to procure some warrant or to give himself by virtue of his commission some public witness of the Queen's opinion for suspending the murders of the King's father and the Regents for a time, and herein if he have it not he will give no remission to the Duke's sons for the murder of the two Regents; but when it comes to that point for them, and for the suspending of the King's murder and the Earl of Lennox for the Earl of Huntley, he will drive them to abide the Queen's judgment, which if he cannot determine out of hand, may perchance breed great scruple, and as he can go no farther than he has commandment, would therefore be amply instructed therein, so that he neither offend the Queen nor hinder the peace or concord here, which seems chiefly to depend upon that point. There is a letter of Lethington's to the Earl of Huntley in cipher taken in Blackness, but not yet deciphered. There was an arrow found with a letter in cipher, meant for the Castle, but it fell short, it was so torn that it could not be deciphered. It is thought that some who were induced to send hostages have advertised the Castle. The Regent should have some pension to bind him to the Queen's devotion, for he is a man to be deeply considered of. "I write at this despatch to no councillor but yourself."— Edinburgh, 5th February. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
Feb. 5.755. The Earl of Worcester to the Queen.
Informs her of his honorable entertainment in all the towns and places on the road from Boulogne to Paris, where he is lodged in a very fair house of the Duke of Bouillon. At his access to the King he declared Her Majesty's great desire for the continuance of amity between them, to which the King replied that he hoped that it would appear to the world that there was a mutual intention in both to continue the good amity lately concluded, and that it should appear to Her Majesty that there was in him no other meaning. On repairing to the Queen he showed her that he had been sent as well to congratulate on the birth of the Princess her daughter, as to supply the place of deputy for the Queen of England at the christening. The Queen Mother told him that they hoped that they might have to requite his mistress with like office. Before consenting to assist at the baptism he found that no other ceremonies should be used but such as were incident on the mere action. The time of christening was about 6 or 7 p.m. on Candlemas day, the Emperor's ambassador and himself being deputies in their own person, whilst the Duke of Nevers was in the Duke of Savoy's place; the young princess being named Mary Elizabeth.—5 Feb. 1573.
Copy. Pp. 1½.
[Feb. 5.]756. [Antonio Guarras to Lord Burghley.]
Informs him of the outrage perpetrated on the coast of Gallicia by Captain Fennar, and also that he and his com panions have taken certain prizes near the Azores, with which he is lying at Milford Haven or in the Bristol Channel. Requests that order may be taken for their restoration to their owner, and for the arrest of the said pirates.
Endd: Guarras, 1573. Span. P. 1.
Feb. 5.757. Outrages by Englishmen in Spain.
Complaint against Captain Fennar for plundering a certain village and some churches on the coast of Gallicia near Vigo.
Endd. by Burghley: 5 Feb. 1572. Span. P. ¼.
Feb. 6.758. News from Italy.
1. Strait of Cattaro, 15 Jan. 1573.—Capture by assault by the Venetians of a Turkish fort near Cattaro, in which were taken 300 prisoners, 17 pieces of artillery, together with stores and ships.
2. Rome, 6 Feb. 1573.—Tumult at Urbino on account of the heaviness of the taxation. Arrival of M. Duras in port from the King of Navarre. News from the fleet at Messina.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1⅓.
Feb. 6.759. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Seeing the late friendship concluded with this crown not likely to have any continuance, whatsoever they pretend, he thought it not amiss, finding the Emperor's ambassador well inclined to the general repose of Christendom, and also well affected to the Queen and to England, to break with him touching the best means for the reconcilement of the unkindness between Her Majesty and Spain. Found him the more apt to deal herein for that he did not stick to show him confidently the great misliking he had of their cruel proceedings here, and how unkindly the Emperor took the competency used by this King in the election of the King of Poland. After complimenting the Ambassador, Walsingham proceeded to show him that the wars that presently reigned in Europe were chiefly grounded on three causes;—state, religion, or mixture of state and religion. For the first they have had continuance from the beginning; the second is a new cause and incident to the times; the third such as are ambitious serve their turn with, thinking that cloak the best means for them to grow great. It were to be desired that all Europe were reduced to one religion; but seeing the parties were grown to be so great of either side, as he who should go about to reduce them to one, was likely to destroy both and reduce the state of Christendom under the Turkish tyranny, he thought that all men of judgment not transported with passion would be of opinion that toleration was more necessary than force. Walsingham then laid before him that this late "accident" in France had waked up a jealousy that was almost laid asleep, whereof there would grow dangerous effects if there was not remedy in time. This jealousy was grounded upon a conference held at Bayonne, and a certain determination at the late Council of Trent for the rooting out (as is believed) of those who are termed Protestants. It is now thought that the execution of that determination has received its beginning here, and that it is like to extend itself further. If there was no such meaning it were well that that opinion were taken away; but if there was then it would be not amiss that it were well weighed before it were put in execution, for it is contrary to all good policy in seeking to take away one inconvenience to breed others of greater moment, which would be the issue of that determination if it took place. For the cure hereof there was none so fit as the Emperor, and the help hereof could grow by no means so well as by compounding the unkindnesses between the Queen of England and Spain, for thereby it would appear to other princes professing the same religion that the said King is not so far transported as to think it unlawful for him to have amity with a Prince Protestant, or that he thinks it his office to intermeddle with cases of religion otherwise than within his own dominions. "And yet in that point his father Charles the Fifth thought it a dangerous matter for a prince to use violence in religion in his own country, and therefore advised the Queen my mistress' sister after the death of her brother to carry herself very temperately in that behalf, laying before her the experience that he himself had thereof in seeking to reduce the Germans to the Catholic faith, which was the only let of his greatness. He well perceived that Paul the Third, who set him on, was not moved thereto by zeal, but only of policy, to convey the wars out of Italy on this side of the Alps; for afterwards it was discovered that the said Pope, fearing the greatness of the Emperor through his victory had there, practised secretly with the French King by a third person to support the Princes Protestant of Germany against the Emperor, which was the cause of the foil which he received at Inspruck." Walsingham further pointed out what advantage it would be to the King of Spain to be reconciled with England, which might easily be brought to pass by a third party; and further, that the troubles in France would be appeased, as when the King saw Spain and England reconciled, he would in policy think it no safety for him to be at division at home. The Ambassador answered that there was great good will in the Emperor to compound these troubles, but the Spaniards are so passionate and have so great hope to do great things under colour of religion, as the matter was very full of difficulty. The Emperor did not spare to advise the King of Spain to deal more temperately, and if his advice had been followed, the matters in Flanders had not been in the terms they are, but for this the King grew jealous of him; still he thought that the Emperor would do what he could to breed reconcilement between him and the Queen of England. He therefore advised that the Queen should send some one thoroughly instructed touching the causes of the unkindness, and that speedily, as it imported very much. The chief points that Walsingham notes are, "that the Spaniards hope to do great things under colour of religion," and the other that "speed is necessary," which makes him think that something is brewing which is not yet thoroughly concluded."—Paris, 6 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Feb. 7.760. Catherine de Medicis to Lord Burghley.
Desires that he will assist in bringing to a good conclusion the project for a marriage between the Queen of England and the Duke of Alençon, and refers him to M. de la Mothe Fenelon for further particulars on the subject.—Paris, 7 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
Feb. 8.761. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The enterprise is taken to be more feasible daily. Since (Morton's) Regency there have come in and subscribed more than had done before the Lords Oliphant and Gray, the Sheriff of Ayr and his son, the Lairds of Buccleuch and Johnstone Borderers, the Lord Lochinvar Lord Herries has undertaken for. The Earl of Huntley will not only come to St. Johnstone's on the day appointed, but show himself conformable to reason, &c. The Castle is so besieged that they are kept from sallying, and from intelligence, and if the Queen sent the aid desired by the Regent they might soon reduce it to obedience. The Cardinal of Lorraine now begins to manage the affairs of France, and no doubt he will use all diligence to hinder this purpose. If any persuade him that the Castle can be rendered upon composition without force they be utterly deceived, for if the Castilians themselves were to swear it he would not believe them, for he knows they do it to no other end but to delay the Queen's forces, without which they know they may abide the French aid, though it come not before Midsummer. George Pringle has been commended to him by the Marshal of Berwick, who has used his service a long time, which makes him bolder to use him for the Queen's service. Desires to know how far may he promise him favour. He would be glad to do good to him, as he is willing to cancel his fault, which was to follow his master the Earl of Northumberland in his wicked enterprise.—Edinburgh, 8 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Feb. 8.762. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
For the qualities of Gordon and Chambers with all circumstances he will inform himself of by all the means he can, and already hears that Gordon follows his father's steps, "whose life I think your Lordship hath." He would that it were any of their fortunes to come into the country during his abode there, he means Gordon, Chambers, Liggens, or the French, for he would make a good account of them, but the Lord whom they scorn will overtake them; somewhat of Gordon might be learnt from amongst the Duke's men.— Edinburgh, 8 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Feb.763. Occurrents in Scotland.
The last parliament the Regent took his oath before the Estates and they likewise were sworn to him, with a clause in their oath that for any fault of his they would not leave the King's obedience, The Earl of Eglinton protested against the Act for religion that it might not extend to his prejudice, whereunto the Regent answered that no protestation could be received against God and His true religion, and that the common consent of the realm was to be trusted before him, and his protestation would not avail. Lord Lindsay protested that he might be stayed, examined, and tried whether he were an heretic or no. There was some hold about the confirmation of the Earldom of Lennox; the Earls of Argyle and Montrose, the Lord Boyd, and the Laird of Luze protested that it might not prejudice their tenures in the Lennox which they hold of the King, but which heretofore were holden of the Earl; among others a burgess for a town said he would not consent unto it unless the party would come to dwell in Scotland, as became a good Scottish man. When the Act concerning a league to be made with England was read many gave their voices to it, the Earl of Eglinton and Lord Semple in especial with open detestation of the French butchers, and the late horrible murder committed there, saying they would willingly venture lives, lands, and goods against such. The Earl of Eglinton since his protestation cames to sermon with the Regent. It is reported that Sir James Balfour discovered the coming of James Kirkcaldy to the Blackness, and prepared his way; he is a great mean to bring Huntley to composition. It was once resolved that James Kirkcaldy should have gone to Aberdeen, whither Lord Huntley drew his soldiers in hope of a pay; and being deceived imputes the fault to Lethington. Blackness is still besieged and in great distress for want of victual, it is supposed the Regent will recover it by composition. The 31st January, Captain Mitchell lying at St. Cuthbert's, and fetching away in the night certain timber from under the Castle wall, found an arrow, which was meant into the Castle, with a letter in cipher, which is yet unciphered. Before James Kirkcaldy's coming out of France it is thought one Robert Hamilton of Milburn was sent by the Duke and the Earl of Huntley to demand aid to relieve them and the Castle. There was never so fair a winter seen in Scotland, which has served the King's party's turn very well, to the disadvantage of the adversaries. The 3rd of February, Blackness with Kirkcaldy surrendered to the Regent, who intends to deal honourably with him. There are taken divers letters in cipher sent out of the Castle to divers noblemen; the Duke and the Earl of Huntley are like to accord with the Regent shortly, or in case of the contrary to be assailed with sharp war which they shall not be able to resist. All Ferniehurst's men have come in and subscribed to the King. The Castle is environed with trenches and guards round about so that none can sally or get in; a boy that came forth was taken going in, and confessed that four were slain and certain hurt; that the soldiers are put to their pittance, which is slender; and that there is great want of water, for which they spend their blood in the getting of it, and therefore it is supposed it will go hardly with them ere it be long; he said that when the great ordnance goes off, Lethington is carried into the low vault of David's Tower, for he cannot abide the shot. For all the shooting of the Castle there has been little hurt; the 4th inst. they sallied in the twilight upon them in the trenches, and hurt four or five soldiers and killed a boy of Captain Home's at the West Gate, but were repulsed, not without great hurt as it is supposed. If the Regent be driven to go north, there will remain for the siege of the Castle the Earls of Glencairn and Eglinton and Lord Lindsay, and after forty days the Earl of Cassilis and Lord Semple will come for their relief. There is an Act proclaimed the 2nd inst. that no man out of the King's obedience shall enter or answer action against any that serve the King, till he be received to grace and put in caution to serve the King truly, which has made divers to come in of late. All the wells and water springs outside the Castle are destroyed and poisoned, and the ways to them of the Castle so watched as they dare fetch no more. It is reported by a man of credit that neither the Duke nor the Earl of Huntley would have the French to land and have any footing in Scotland, how glad soever they would be of their money. The Captain of the Blackness came to the Regent the third of this present and brought him 3,300 French crowns.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
Feb.764. Copy of a portion of the preceding paper. P. 1.
Feb. 9.765. Charles IX. to the Count of Montgomery.
1. Is glad to hear by M. de St. Jehan of his good will, and that he is remaining quiet without favouring any enterprise against the good of his subjects, and sends the bearer M. de Chateauneuf to assure him of his favour and protection.
2. P.S.—Has caused his plate to be redeemed for 300 crowns and placed in charge of the treasurer of his exchequer, to be delivered to him.—Paris, 9 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Hol. Add. Endd. by Burleigh. Fr. P. ½.
Feb. 10.766. News from the Low Countries.
1. The writer Samuel Lister of Yarmouth being on the 3rd inst. at Antwerp, thinking to speak with divers of his old acquaintances Catholics, found that they were lately dispersed from thence, some to Louvain, some to Ghent, and some to serve the Duke of Alva against the Prince. One Foy, steward to Lord Morley, means shortly to return to England; he was lately there and kept company with James Clerk of Yarmouth, who meant to convey treasure out of the realm.
2. On Ash Wednesday one of the chief preachers at the Grey Friars in Bruges most lewdly and slanderously railed at Her Majesty with despiteful speech and reproachful terms like a villain. At Ostend were 14 or 15 sail of the Scots, who have great traffic and favour there. It is reported that the Duke and the Prince have had another conflict of late, where the Duke by entering of Haarlem lost 5,000 of his men, and has retired and left behind his great ordnance, and that the Prince has re-victualled the town and fortified it with seven ensigns of Frenchmen. There is not one man in ten in this country but wishes the Prince well.
3. A Dutchman named John White who has kept at Rye these 28 years, and has there wife and children, was lately put cruelly to death at Antwerp, for that he being in a church whilst the priest was at mass and lifting up the Host over his head, took it from the priest and brake it, saying that it was against the Word of God to worship any strange gods. The poor man was presently taken and judged to have a cruel death, and before he was put to execution had a bodkin put through his tongue; his right hand struck off with a chisel and burnt before him; and then himself tied to a stake and fire about him until his bowels fell out, and then the fire withdrawn, and so much of his body as was left hanged on a gibbet in the field.—Ostend, 10 Feb. 1572. Extracts from a letter to Sir Christopher Heydon and Sir William Butts.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Feb. 10.767. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
For suppressing of the book he knows of they were determined to have forbidden the sale by edict, wherein he opposed himself, saying that it would rather do harm than good, considering how little their edicts are weighed; for by the edicts men understanding of such a book would be the more curious to have it. His advice was that the parties who are suspected to be the authors should be commanded upon pain of some great punishment to take order for the suppressing of the said books. They have promised to take this course, but their promises are slenderly performed.—Paris, 10 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Feb. 12.768. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Has shown the King the great grief that Her Majesty had conceived that the travail of both their ministers took no better effect touching the appeasing of the matters in Scotland, as a thing dishonourable for them both to be deluded and scorned by such "petty companions" as those that are in the Castle, especially seeing that they were the first chief doers in deposing of the Queen and setting up of the King. He also showed that this civil war touched the Queen more particularly, as during these troubles her subjects who are Borderers are marvellously outraged by outlaws and thieves, whereof no redress can be had. As for Home Castle, the King said that though by the league it was not expressly mentioned, yet the meaning was to deliver it to Lord Home; whereunto he replied that the clause in the league had not respect to any particular person, but generally to set that country free from all foreign forces, and therefore that the Queen might render it to whom she would of that nation. The King replied that he would rather that it remained in her hands than be delivered to any of the other party. Told him that the Queen would capitulate with those to whom it should be delivered to restore the same to Lord Home, when he recognized the King's authority. The King took occasion upon these Scottish matters to recommend to the Earl of Worcester the Queen of Scots' case, who answered that such was her dangerous and unkind dealing towards Her Majesty, as he should forget the duty of a good subject if he once opened his lips for her. To this the King said that he did not desire any favour to be shown unto her, otherwise then may be with the Queen's safety. At their access to the Queen Mother she desired his Lordship, that whereas there had been long in treaty a marriage between Her Majesty and her son M. le Duc d'Alençon, he would at his return move her that the same may grow to some conclusion. To this he answered that the cause why the same grew not to some conclusion was that they had not answered the two points propounded by the Ambassador resident concerning religion and the interview. After saying that she did not remember anything whereunto they were to give answer, she answered that her son was of the same living and religion as the other (Anjou) was, and therefore hoped to have no less favour in the point of religion. Walsingham replied that he did not remember that any liberty was accorded to M. d'Anjou, and if there were, that what is tolerable at one time is not so at another. To the Earl of Worcester's request that she would set down roundly in her letters what she and the King required in the matter of religion, she said that their Ambassador should signify in that behalf, and when that was accorded, she doubted not but that means would be found to bring the interview to pass to Her Majesty's satisfaction. After a similar conference on matters of Scotland as that which they had with the King, she complained that certain ships were preparing in England by certain rebels there, and desired the Earl of Worcester to put the Queen in mind for redress thereof, which he promised to do on his return. On the morning of the Earl's departure the Queen Mother sent for Walsingham and excused the absence of the Duke of Alençon, on account of the uncertainty of the Earl of Worcester's coming. Walsingham said that if it had pleased the King not to have employed him against those of the religion, he would have been in better opinion with Her Majesty and more grateful to her subjects. To this she said that he could not with honour remain behind, seeing his other brother employed.
2. P.S.—Commends the dutiful conduct of the Earl of Worcester in refusing to receive a servant who came from his sister the Countess of Northumberland, whom he declared he should esteem as a mere stranger until she submitted to Her Majesty.—Paris, 12 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3½.
Feb. 15.769. Maisonfleur to the Queen.
1. As he can only think that her refusal of an audience proceeds from the false accusation with which he has been charged, he considers that though the letters which he sent to her should have been sufficient to clear him from all imposition, it will be well to send her the copies of two or three which he has written to "Don Lucidor," which will give further proof of his innocence from the calumnies with which he is charged. Where he has mentioned in his letters that Germany has entered into a league with England, Don Lucidor charged him at his departure to tell her that he was determined to espouse her fortunes and constitute himself chief of the Protestants, which La Mole repeated two or three times, and Don Lucidor told him that M. de Guise intended to make himself king, but that he hoped to prevent him. Her Majesty may also be surprised that in his letters he has assured Don Lucidor of success if he comes over, which he begs her not to consider evil, his intention being to persuade his master to withdraw from the midst of tyrants and so avoid the divine judgment, being certain that as soon as she has seen his natural good qualities her heart will be touched and he will find favour in her eyes.
2. Praises his master for his generosity, courage, and religion, and for his hatred of vice and hypocrisy. Enumerates his other good qualities, and declares that he has a "vray teste de soldat," and that in his glance there is a "je ne scay quoi d'Auguste." Though his face is somewhat marked by the small-pox time will remedy that, and reminds her that beauty of face is not of so much importance to a man as vigour and courage, in both of which qualities he excels. The poor young Prince has strong motives not to come over without the required assurance from her. She ought to be thankful for the advantages she has over him in beauty and wit, and not to contemn those whom nature has less gifted with bodily perfections. It is the will of God that she should be Queen of France and Empress, and instead of one crown that she should possess three, and for this purpose that she should marry Don Lucidor. The peace of the afflicted church is in her hands, and if she marries Don Lucidor and he has the title of king he will be chosen chief in Israel against the Philistines. Desires also that she will send aid to Rochelle. Knows that she is wiser in a quarter of an hour than he is in ten years, but begs that she will believe in his candour and honesty. Has been miserably calumniated to her.—London, 15 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley Fr. Pp. 62/3.