Elizabeth
March 1573, 16-31

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1876

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280-297

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'Elizabeth: March 1573, 16-31', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 10: 1572-1574 (1876), pp. 280-297. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73159 Date accessed: 30 September 2014.


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March 1573, 16-31

March 17.826. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
There be at Stirling, yet undeciphered, two letters from Lethington to the Bishop of Glasgow, and one to John Chisholm; one of those to the bishop was written since Captain Errington was at the Castle. The letters were taken by these means—the Baron Boghill had a son in the Castle, nephew unto Grange, and the Regent had intelligence that his mother sent and received letters from him by means of a boy, whereupon he sent for the father and made him believe that unless he did something to cancel this fault, it should cost him dear; of this it came that the father practised to have his son out, which was granted by them within in hopes to send and have intelligence by his means. He was made to confess what he had, and how he was to be made an instrument, and was suffered to deliver some of his letters and to send a man for more; after the letters came out, the father, mother, and son were taken for the saving of their honesties, and so the intelligence was cut off. If the King's master cannot decipher them, he trusts he shall have them to see what Mr. Somers can do with them. The Castle depends wholly upon France; they have sent the King word that they will deliver him the Castle and go into France themselves, and would rather die than fall into the hands of England, against which country they were entered in mortal hatred. Baron Boghill confessed that Lord Seton, Lady Livingstone, and Athole were the only conveyers of their letters. The Regent has determined to lay hand on Lord Seton, has sent for Lady Livingstone to come to him, and has written to Athole to come plainly to the King's obedience, for it cannot be borne that he remain neutral any longer, and further to abolish his mass, or else he must look to abide the penalty of the law. To give more credit to this message, Argyle has gone to his country hard by Athole, and wishes for some occasion to be upon him, and Huntley is glad for now that they be come to the King they would have all do the like. To these three noblemen the French King directed Verac to make them his by pensions and promises, who is nothing near that matter, for two of them will not, but would rather receive the Queen's pensions and depend on her. The old Duke has made solemn vow that rather than consent to have any French masters in Scotland he would die in the field against them, and since the pacification has written earnest thanks with offers of service to Her Majesty. If the Lady Lennox be persuaded to betake the government of the earldom into the charge of the Captain of Dumbarton, the Regent would have the same to pass by his means and through his hands, because Dromwrastle detains certain church lands, which in this assembly of the clergy were called upon. Lord Semple and George Douglas shall have the thirds of Paisley and Arbroath until the King can do them good by other reward. The preachers cry out against France in all their sermons and prayers as earnestly as though the fact had been committed but yesterday. So fain would they have the Castle, that without it nothing can please them, and this appeared openly upon the arrival of Colborn's ship, which came in company with a bark that brought munitions to Berwick, whereupon there was many a pot of wine drunk. Colborn said there was a hoy behind laden with powder. Upon this show of joy he bethought him how sorry he should see them when the contrary news came which he looks for with more sorrow of heart than he can well utter. Beseeches him to have in remembrance that the Regent wrote in the favour of Alexander Home of Manderstone, touching some tithes withholden by the captains of Home and Fast castles. The Regent would not have Verac come hither before the parliament be ended, for the avoiding of inconveniences. The Laird of Lochleven and his friends were of late to hold a court at Melrose, where it was thought the Laird of Buccleuch would have made some business, but no harm was done. Buccleuch is become a suitor to the Regent for Ferniehurst, and promises that before the end of May he shall come to the King's obedience. The Regent was advertised of a meeting between Lord Scrope and Sir John Forster, where Ferniehurst and other Borderers should be. They of the Castle turned out within three days two prisoners which they took in the beginning of the siege, which makes some think they begin to spare their victual. One Captain Edmondstone is come for soldiers for the Prince of Orange. The Regent assuredly thinks the Queen will send in her forces, and spake with Colborne to make gabions for the batteries.—Edinburgh, 17 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 7.
827. Lethington to Lady Livingstone.
Has received a letter from the Bishop of Glasgow desiring him in the King of France's name to cause some avail with Alexander Erskine for the keeping of the Prince and house of Stirling in his hands, as well from Morton and the Douglases as from England, because if the Prince come to Morton's hand he will not fail to be delivered to England, and so thereafter they would use the Queen more extremely. If he constantly retain the "bairn" and the house he shall have all things of the King of France that he shall require. They think in France that the preservation of the prince out of England's hands is only the safety of the Queen and of her person. Has caused Lord Home to write a letter to his sister, Alexander's wife, which he prays she will herself effectually deliver, pressing her earnestly to deal with her husband, and obtain his direct answer. He and Lord Home will make him such assurance of the King of France's good mind and affection as he shall require. To make the wife more earnest to persuade her husband he prays her cast in a bone by proposing a marriage of her son to Alexander's daughter.—Edinburgh Castle, 23 February 1572. Signed: Yor la. ye knaw quha.
Deciphered. Endd. by Burghley.
Lethington to the Bishop of Glasgow.
Does not write to him in the accustomed cipher, fearing that since the taking of Mr. James Kyrkcaldy, the key has become known to their adversaries, has therefore written to Mr. John Chisholm.
Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. 1. Enclosure.
March 17.828. Chancellorship of France.
Appointment by Charles IX. of Rene de Biragues to the post of Chancellor of France, vacant by the death of Michel de l'Hopital.—Fontainbleau, 17 March 1573.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
March 17.829. The Prince of Orange to Queen Elizabeth.
Requests that the inhabitants of the Isle of Walcheren may be allowed to purchase and export certain provisions and munitions from her realms.—Delft, 17 March 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
March 17.830. Advices from Genoa.
Genoa, 17 March.—From Spain the recall of Alva is confirmed, and that the Emperor's son Ernest shall replace him in the government of the Netherlands, with the Grand Commendator as his counsellor, and that the Duke of Medina shall be Viceroy of Naples. Marc Antonio Colonna shall go with 120 galleys to protect Candia from the Turk. The Turks have 350 galleys at sea, and are making great prepara tions by land, and it is doubtful whether the forces of the league can assemble before May. The King of Portugal has offered the Pope to assist the League with money instead of the ships which he had promised. A ship has arrived at Messina from Spain with 350,000 crowns. It is reported that the coming of the Duke of Saxony to the Emperor's court is to procure that the King of Spain may be persuaded to remove the Spaniards from the government of Flanders, and put in their place one of the House of Austria.
Endd. Ital. P. 1.
March 18.831. Answers given to M. M.de la Mothe Fenelon and La Mole.
1. That the Queen is very desirous to maintain friendship and peace with the French King, and in order to prevent certain great dangers and to satisfy her subjects is resolved to marry when she can find anyone of suitable condition.
2. As for M. Alençon, it is necessary that there should be an interview, by reason of the reports that have been made of his looks, as the Queen has always required from all her suitors, being determined not to accept any husband before she has seen him. That all the articles that were formerly granted Monsieur shall be accorded to the Duke of Alençon, save that of religion, which shall be decided between the Queen and him at their interview. All reasonable liberty wlll be granted to him, but the mass will not be suffered. The English service differs in most parts from that of Rome only in the language.
3. The Lord Treasurer on being pressed for his opinion said that he thought it would be best for the Duke to come over with a moderate suite about May, as a young Prince desirous of seeing foreign lands, and come in this way to Greenwich or London, where the affair can be easily managed, and he trusted that if there was a mutual contentment as to their persons that religion would not stand in the way. The Lord Treasurer further said that although the Queen was most anxious for the friendship of France, yet seeing how the Protestants were oppressed, if this marriage did not take place the league would gradually be dissolved, and she would be compelled to ally herself with the Princes Protestant for the defence of religion, and to resist those who might wish to invade her realm.
Endd. 18 March 1572. Answer to the French Ambassador by the Lord Treasurer. Fr. Pp. 3½.
[March.]832. Complaints of the French Merchants to M. de la Mothe Fenelon.
Complain that a sum of 4,000l. due from the sureties of a certain pirate is withheld from them; also of the detention of a vessel of Honfleur, and desire that they may not be obliged to employ Serjeant Swift in any matters that they may have in the Court of Admiralty.
Endd. Fr. P. 1.
March 21.833. Bridge at Berwick.
A brief note of the charges of the bridge at Berwick. That which is already done, and for the which money is received by Sir Valentine Browne out of the Exchequer, amounts to 2,170l. 11s. 1d. Money now sued for by Sir Valentine for the finishing of the same amounts to 432l. 12s. Certain timber trees provided out of the Queen's woods in the north parts were occupied and spent in and about the said bridge.
Endd. P. ¾.
March 22.834. Samuel Lyster to Sir Christopher Hattsen and Sir William Butts.
1. Ten or twelve sail of Scots are lying in Ostend harbour, who brought in felts, salt hides, soap ashes, white salt, and Scotch cloth, they are very well entertained; their lading back again being all kinds of Low Country commodities, as iron, soap, hops, madder, "battrye," and haberdash wares. Barley was worth 11l. the last, but is at present at 9l., and falls daily. White and red herrings were very scarce, but have fallen from 22l. the last to 7l. On the 25th February met Anthony Nollar, an old acquaintance, who told him that being at Brussels, he understood that the King of Spain had written to the French King, and greatly commended his doings with the noblemen, who wrote answer that if it pleased him to join with him, they would not leave one heretic in the world, and England should be the first they would begin with. The said Nollar also told him that he trusted that he should see his ancient fly upon the walls of Yarmouth, and 400 or 500 men after him in the town, promising he would do Lyster great friendship if he stood in need. Lyster gave him thanks, and told him that his name was in the chronicle amongst the traitors which was taken in Norfolk, as Frogmorton, Broke, and Redmond; who made answer that he knew it was, and as for that matter they were once fair for it, but if ever they came to the like again they would not do as they did. "Think you," said he, "if the Duke of Norfolk had risen in arms all Norfolk and Suffolk would not have risen with him?" "Yes, that they would," said I, "and almost all the realm." Then with most spiteful words he began to rail on my Lord Burghley, saying he was the cause of the death of the Duke, but he trusted he should have his reward, "for," said he, "his death is sworn." I demanded by whom. "That is no matter," said he, and at last named Egremont Ratcliffe. To whom I made answer, and said, He could do little that way." The Duke's ships which were sent to victual Middleburg be come up again to Antwerp sore spoiled. The Duke is at Nimeguen, by report very weak, for that he cannot be spoken with.—Ostend, 22 March 1572.
2. P.S.—About a fortnight past, two scholars of Oxford and one Nicholas Tereyte [Tyrwhitt] of Hull, came to Bruges, and from thence were conveyed to Louvain. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
March 23.835. The Vidame of Chartres to Burghley.
1. Of the two people of whom he desired information, the Frenchman deserted from the King's army to that of the Prince when he was retreating on the Vienne river, and told him that he had the means of passing from one army to the other whenever he liked, and that he had been promised great rewards to go over to the Prince for the purpose of betraying his council, even if they did not require him to do something still more fatal, but that he had preferred to make use of the opportunity in order to offer his services to the Prince, who agreed to employ him, and sent him to the enemy's camp. from which, however, he did not bring back news of anyimportance. In the meanwhile some one or other advised the Prince to have nothing to do with him on account of his inconstancy in religion, and also because he was suspected of bearing a grudge against the Admiral, who many years before had deprived his brother of his rank with disgrace. At first he was not kept under restraint, but afterwards, either through the report of some enemy, or because on account of his being so disfigured by the loss of an eye, and his face so discoloured with gunpowder blown under the skin, and seamed with the small-pox, that no one could gather anything from the expression of his countenance, he fell into so great mistrust, both with the leaders and with the soldiers, that he was sent to Rochelle, and there detained for some time, but not under strict guard, though afterwards he was put in prison. After a month and a half he was brought to the camp, and at length the suspicions against him being cleared up he was set at liberty. As for the Italian, or rather Milanese, he is less known to the Vidame than to [Burghley]. as he did not know him until after the death of the Prince of Conde, when he came to Rochelle, where the Vidame was entertaining the Count of Rochefoucauld and other gentlemen of the army. Was informed by them that he was much esteemed by the Prince, and that he was a man of skill and experience, who has seen much service under Charles the Fifth. He afterwards told him that he was the Queen of England's servant, and that the Prince wished to employ him as a means of more secret communication with her. The third or fourth day after his arrival, however, he was arrested, and placed under the custody of M. de Goulenes, the Count of Rochefoucauld's lieutenant. An Italian friend of his, named Scipio, who had charge of the fortifications and works of the town, interceded for him, and some time afterwards, on the Vidame asking him for what cause Pacheco [the Milanese] was detained, replied, that he believed it was for a box on the ear that he had given to the brother of the Mayor of the town. The Count Rochefoucauld, however, said that his arrest was ordered by the Admiral, and that he was suspected of being in communication with the King of Spain, which Pacheco most vehemently denied, and asked the Vidame that the matter might be gone into as speedily as possible. Afterwards he interceded for him with the Queen of Navarre, but in vain, as she said that she knew that he had done evil turns to the cause of religion, and that she did not believe that he was a servant of the Queen of England. On the next or following day the Vidame left Rochelle, after which he can give little information about them. The Frenchman having escaped out of prison, visited him in England three times, and asked his advice about serving the Queen against her rebels, which he recommended him to do, since which time he has neither seen or heard anything of him except that he had gone back to France. Pacheco has been to thank him for his kindness to him when he was in prison, and has told him that he was suspected of some design against the person of the Cardinal of Chatillon, as Petro Bizario had been, which intention he utterly denied.
2. Complains bitterly of the credence which is given to idle reports and suspicions which are set about by people who, in order not to appear indifferent or ignorant, talk about those things which they know least about. Cannot blame bilious people because everything appears yellow to them, but cannot excuse those who give credit to idle dreams.—23 March.
Lat. Pp. 4.
March 23.836. Advices from Geneva.
Genoa, 23 March. Marc Antonio Colonna will have charge of 120 galleys to go to the defence of Candia in the spring. Some say that he will be Viceroy of Sicily. Don John has sent to Gio. Andrea Doria to join him at once at Messina with all his galleys. The son of the Pope will not go any more with the fleet unless as general. The Duke of Alva has required provision of 800,000 crowns and 5,000 Spanish infantry for Flanders. Confirmation of new warlike preparations by the Turk. Dispute between the secular and ecclesiastical jurisdictions at Naples.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1¾.
March 23.837. Earl of Huntley to —
Accepts the Regent's answer in good part, hoping justice will be ministered on his coming to Edinburgh. As he has begun so shall he continue in honest and upright dealing. Has let Archibald Douglas' master see his performance of the rendering of houses, &c.—Spynie, 23rd March.
Extract from a letter to a friend. Endd. P. ⅓.
March 24.838. Advices from Germany.
In the Marquisate of Baden the son of the Marquis Philibert, who is only 13 years old, having been declared of age by the Emperor, has been able to alter the religion, so that now the Jesuits rule there. This has been managed by the Duke of Bavaria, who does all he can to extirpate the true religion. He has been for some time endeavouring to get the Houses of Burgundy and Lorraine to enter into the League of Landsperg, of which he is the head, which is nothing else than to form in Germany a strong party against the King [of France]. Fortunately not only has he not been able to obtain his wishes, but the electors of Mayence and Treves have withdrawn from the said league because the Duke of Bavaria had promised them that the Duke of Saxony should join. The writer considers that if he had succeeded it would have been a matter of very great importance to France, and enumerates the different princes, bishops, and others who would then have been incorporated in the league. When the Emperor understood that those who were already in the league objected to receive the house of Burgundy, he agreed with them, but this was only pretence, as he is so entirely given over to Spain that he is more anxious about their affairs than his own. He is a very good prince, endowed with many virtues; and considering the strict alliance that he has with the King of France, no doubt he wishes him well, but the writer is certain that if any difficulty arises with the Spaniards he will do all in his power to assist them. He has been very sick during this winter and is not yet quite well. He is intriguing in Poland to get one of his sons elected king, and recently sent thither the Seigneurs of Rosemberg and Bernestein, two of the principal men in Bohemia, who have sent word that they hope to bring matters to a favourable conclusion. However a new accident has happened which may disappoint this expectation. The Queen of Poland, who is the Emperor's sister, died on the 1st inst. at Lintz, and the King, who had in a manner repudiated her, will no doubt so far bestir himself as not to allow a successor to be appointed during his lifetime. The Emperor finding himself sick and feeble, is desirous that the electors should choose a King of the Romans. His sons, who have returned from Spain, are so "espagnolizes" that they are not agreeable to the Germans. At their return they desired that the Emperor would not suffer any Lutheran to approach them, which was a fine way of gaining favour with the Protestant Electors, but the writer does not see whom else they can elect. The Emperor caused the Estates of Hungary to assemble last month, and not being able to attend through sickness sent his two eldest sons, whom they would not listen to, so that in the end he was obliged to go himself. It is thought that he will move the election of his son, but the Hungarians appear to desire to have one of their own noblemen who shall be under the protection of the Turk, hoping by this means to escape the dreadful miseries in which they have been plunged. About two months ago a large force of Tartars appeared on the confines of Podolia, but retired on the nobility of Poland taking up arms. Has just received certain advertisement that the envoys sent by the Emperor to the electors are doing all they can to break off the league between certain of the German Princes and the King of France.
Endd.: 24 March 1572. Fr. Pp. 2½.
March 25.839. Siege of Haarlem.
On the morning of the 25th March the garrison made a sortie with 500 men, but did not do anything of importance; but about 2 o'clock in the afternoon they made another sortie with 900 men, under Captain Sarras, and falling by surprise on the enemy, consisting of 31 ensigns of Walloons and Germans, put them to the rout with the loss of 2,000 men, and took five bronze guns and some others of iron, with all their baggage and provisions, together with nine ensigns and eight drums.
Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. ½.
March 25.840. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Thinks it his part to remind him that it were requisite that both in Yorkshire and the Bishopric some more men were in readiness. The powder is surely arrived in a very proper vessel of Rye. Will use the advice of Sir Valentine Browne in anything that may concern the Queen's service. Even now is come into the haven the hoys from Newcastle, with all things needful for the journey.—Berwick, 25 March 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
March 26.841. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Since hope of winning by gentle means be past, to procure the "inquietation" of both realms, he prays him to be a good mean at the Queen's hand, that by her speedy aid and forces danger be averted, and foreign and domestic enemies frustrate; for the, Castle recovered, strangers would find their advantage small or none. If they address them against the Queen the Scotch will be as ready and willing as any of her own subjects. Has received the Queen's recommendation made in favour of Ferniehurst. She shall find her advice followed, though the danger in many respects be evident, but trusts that the bypast deserving of that man toward both the realms, and the danger and commodity of his restitution, will be considered.— Holyrood House 26 March 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
March 26.842. The Duke of Alençon to the Queen.
Waited till after the feast of the Epiphany for the arrival of the Earl of Worcester, in order that he might learn from him what was her disposition towards him, and to declare the great affection he bore to her. As he could see no certainty of his coming, and as his brother was going on this campaign, he did not wish to lose this opportunity of showing how desirous he was of being where honour might be obtained by valour, and so was obliged to leave without seeing the said Earl. Begs her to look favourably on the offers which he has made, and thus render him the most happy and contented prince in Christendom.—Camp before Rochelle. Signed.
Holog. Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
March 27.843. Antonio Bruschetto to Lord Burghley.
Has lately learnt by letters out of Italy of the death of Senor Gurone Bertano. Promises that he will not fail in his service to the Queen and his lordship.—London, 27 March 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Ital. P. ½.
March 27.844. Siege of Haarlem.
Extract from a Flemish letter translated into French.— Schiedam, 27 March.
1. Those of Haarlem, learning by their spies that the enemy's cavalry had left the camp for the purpose of obtaining forage, sallied forth and fell upon the German troops under Count Oberstein, who discharged one volley and then fled, leaving their arms. They have slain 800 and taken many prisoners, with eight pieces of artillery, munition, baggage, and much money.
2. There was great murmuring amongst the Germans, who before this defeat had determined to leave the Duke's service as soon as the term of their oaths had expired.
List of Spanish officers.
Fr. Pp. 1½.
March 27.845. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Nothing has been left undone in order to end the trouble without the Queen's forces. One clause in his letter of the 3rd made him become one of St. Thomas' disciples. The Castle once in the Regent's hands, he will take some better order for the security of the King, as he dare not offend the Countess and Master of Marr, who have the custody of the Castle of Stirling, and are Papists. Besought the Regent to leave no means undone to have the Castle by composition, to avoid the inconvenience a long siege would bring with it, or the procuring forces out of England at a time when the Queen and Council were drawn with cares of other moment concerning the poor Protestants in France and the Low Countries; to which the Regent replied that he had done what might be done, and recited the dealings with the Castle, as showing that they only deluded them until the aid should come out of France; that he consented to a peace with the noblemen at the danger of his life, and to the loss of his kinsfolk and friends, and in case that Grange had rendered the Castle he had offered for his surety the choice of three castles, and the priory of St. Andrew's for 10 years, in recompense of his charges, besides for good usage and for surety he made large offers. Told the Regent that if Lethington and Grange would put in good pledges to keep the Castle for the King, as the Earl of Marr has done for the keeping of the King's person, it might make an end. With this he was amazed, and said that, although he would be so mad, the nobility would never grant thereunto. When Captain Errington brought his letter of the 26th, he assayed the Regent anew that for many reasons they might have the same assurance for their lands, lives, &c. as the other lords had. He desired him not to make that request, for beside the hazard he was in by granting so far to the rest, so many would be offended with this that it would endanger the King's estate and his own life. Moreover, it was not to be granted without the advice of the council of nobility, which was absent, howbeit he pressed him so far that he condescended that Captain Errington should be sent to them offering them the same pacification the lords had at St. Johnstone's, who went to the Castle the same day, but could have no other answer than that when they saw the articles of pacification they would make answer whether they would stand to them or no. He marked that there was much labour spent on fortifying since the first of the month. He supposes the house stronger by 10 lasts of powder and 200 men than it was then. "They were all ill-like in the face with over working or watching." Errington went again with the articles, and they were a whole day considering their answer, which for his own part he utterly mislikes as a mock and a thing to drive time, because their aid was promised in April next, as James Kyrkcaldy has confessed. Lethington's cunning may be seen in his answer. He will neither deny the assurance for offending the noblemen, or allow of it. "The noblemen named be in sundry parts of the realm, and some in that case that they cannot come, and in case they would or could come it must ask a 10 or 12 days space at the least, and then which of them would go into the Castle without a good hostage to come forth again, and what hostage have they to give?" Moreover, by speaking with them Lethington supposes to do wonders, and to turn them to his mind. Will once again seek to speak with them before the summoning and the unlading of the ordnance.—Edinburgh, this 27th, at night. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 8.
March 27.846. H. Killegrew to Lethington and Grange.
After they have read the articles of pacification accorded at St. Johnstone's prays them to return their resolute answer, whether they like of them for themselves or no. It is all he can obtain, and they will never have the like offer again. Nothing will be added or diminished unto those articles for their assurance. It will nothing content the noblemen when they hear they have refused such appointment as they have accepted. If they accept them and render the house to the King they shall find no less friendship in England than has been already offered. Sends Grange a copy of the Queen's letter in favour of Ferniehurst, that he may see her good nature. Also sends a letter of Lady Athole to Lady Lethington, that she may see he has not forgotten to help to preserve her house, which others go about to overthrow. Prays them to be good to themselves and not undo their friends. Assures them that their enemies would not have them yield, and, that there is no hope of support for them, and if they render not the house, they shall feel the cannon in eight days. If they answer not directly in writing, nor accept the articles, they must never look to hear from him, nor shall the like offer be made them again.—27 March. Signed: "By your old acquaintance and friend hitherto."
Endd. Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
March 28.847. Answer of the Regent of Scotland to Articles sent to Sir W. Drury by the Privy Council.
Harbingers shall have the choice of the town of Edinburgh for place to contain the companies together. Names 14 hostages, among whom he trusts to find so many as shall be sufficient, and would be advertised what day they should be prepared. Also what day the ships of war will be in readiness to conduct the hoys, if it be thought necessary, as there is no peril appearing. Oxen shall be provided for drawing the ordnance from Leith to Edinburgh, and carriage horses for conveying powder, bullets, and other provisions. There shall be sufficient company of horsemen to conduct the footbands by land to Edinburgh. The victualling is not to be doubted, for the longer they stay the greater abundance shall they find. The Marshal shall be allowed to use his authority over the English as if they were in Berwick without any other jurisdiction to be used. Such as give the assault to the Castle shall have the spoil within, and prisoners according to the manner of war, excepting the ordnance and munitions, royal plate, jewels, household stuff and records. Grange, Lethington, and Lord Home shall be reserved to be justified by the laws of Scotland. As for the soldiers that shall happen to be slain or hurt, they will accord as far as the articles of war shall serve, and the ambassador find reasonable and possible, as also they will accord for the ordnance that shall happen to be broken. After the exploit is done all favourable means shall be used to expedite the English soldiers and the ordnance.—Holyrood House, 28 March 1573.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
March 28.848. The Count of Montgomery to Lord Burghley.
Desires that he will obtain the Queen's pardon for the brother of Captain Paumiers [Palmer], who is in custody for having slain another gentleman in a quarrel, in which he assures him Palmer was in the right. Is much annoyed at the delays which prevent him from embarking for Rochelle. —Plymouth, 28 March 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
March 28.849. Lord Burghley to M. De la Mothe Fenelon.
According to his motion he has conferred with the Queen concerning the matter of religion to be tolerated to the Duke of Alençon. The meaning is, that from the first she is resolved not to marry without mutual sight and liking, nor yet to have the matter of religion to be a cause of trouble to her estate, and is of the same mind now. What is to be done further by M. le Duc she leaves to the King and him. If upon the interview the marriage does not succeed, it will be best to impute it to lack of satisfaction for religion, whereby no offence ought to follow.
Draft by Burghley. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
850. Copy of the above.
Corrected by Burghley. Fr. P. 1.
March 28.851. Advices from Venice.
The pilgrims to Loretto are ordered by the Seignory to go by land for the purpose of avoiding the corsairs, who annually capture from 200 to 300 persons. Discovery of the dead body of a giant 40 feet long in the Morea. Death of the Duke of Aumale before Rochelle. Warlike preparations by the Turks.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
March 29.852. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
1. The first hostages were in the town so long that they withdrew again to their friends, so little hope had they of support to win the Castle by force; when they come again promise shall be made for their return at the parting of the ordnance from Leith. The Duke and the Earl of Huntley cannot send hostages, as they are not yet fully restored, which must be done in parliament, and by the Queen's advice to the Regent, which is not yet come. The Regent has taken great care to have in readiness such furniture as he promised for his part. Can desire nothing of the Regent in the Queen's name that he will deny. There were eight burgesses of the town condemned and ready to be executed, but their wives did so hang upon him that he was driven to write in their favour to the Regent, who pardoned their lives and banished them. He suffers no occasion of breach or unkindness since the peace at St. Johnstone's, and the Duke and the Earl of Huntley have hitherto done the like, and yet the devil is busy. The Regent thinks much unkindness in Sir John Forster for suing for Ferniehurst, who is a wicked man. Sends herewith a supplication against him by his mother. The Regent in a way of talk has inquired if there be no marriage in England fit for the young King. The King has written a letter to the Queen, which contains thanks and a desire for aid, as the princess upon whom he most leans for help. If he can procure for the Regent the Order of the Garter the Queen will have bestowed none better to any stranger in her days.
2. Argyll is much sought by France, and as 200l. pension may stay him desires to know what further he may do therein. Will go to the Castle himself on the first reasonable occasion, for none of the King's side can stay the peace for greediness if the Castle be delivered; for the Regent has promised on his honour that the Castilians shall enjoy their own as well as any of the rest that have come to the King's obedience. Were his father in the Castle he could desire to pleasure him no more than he has done Lethington and Grange. If he can do nothing with the Castle before the Marshal's coming, it is thought they will render then. Left the jewels with the Treasurer at his coming from Berwick, willing Beverley to carry them to Mr. Randall; one of them was a little scratched lying with a diamond, before they came to his hand. They are worth the money, and as much more as Her Majesty has sent into Scotland since his being there, which was 2,500l.— Edinburgh, 29 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
March 29.853. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
It were better Lords Livingstone and Molynes were stayed there until he entered and had tried by fair or foul means what he could prevail, for from hence they could more aptly send their minds to their favourers, which might do harm. Verac's coming is in nowise requisite. By Sir Valentine Browne he will see an estimate of charges likely to grow in this service. Sends a plat of the Castle of Edinburgh with the same that they within have done lately for their more strength and defence, which Captain Errington has seen; gathers also from him that they are victualled till Michaelmas, and expect daily some aid and relief from France. They have promised to hold the Castle till Whitsuntide, and have received promise from France in that time to be relieved.— Berwick, 29 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
March 27.854. Nicholas Errington to Sir W. Drury.
Account of his mission from the Regent and Killegrew to the Castle. They still look for aid from France, for the time of promise is not yet expired, which is Whitsuntide next. Fears lest they be driven into desperate minds rather to die than yield, and to save their honours, which they stand not a little upon, and trust to the strength of the place, which truly is strong. They have since his former being there made great fortifications with earth, stone, and timber, and have left nothing undone that they could devise to do for their safeguard. They have saved two or three lasts of powder, looking for his (Drury's) coming, which otherwise they might have bestowed upon their adversaries. The Ambassador said he would use all means possible to persuade the Regent to use some conference with them, although it is against the Regent's will, for he would rather overcome them by force, than that his friends should lose or render those livings of theirs which they possess. His simple opinion is that it were not amiss to procure some secret commission to avoid all doubts which may happen by their desperate minds or the unknown strength of the place. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Drury. Pp. 2¼. Enclosure.
March 29.855. Battery against Edinburgh Castle.
Estimate of the charges of the forces to be sent into Scotland for the seige of Edinburgh Castle, for the expulsion of the King's rebels there, amounting to 105l. 16s. per diem. Corrected and noted by Burghley.
Endd. Pp. 2¼.
March 30.856. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The Earl of Huntley has greatly satisfied the Regent; his caution is coming, and he has sent two letters in cipher which came from the Bishop of Glasgow and Lord Ogilvie, unciphered, to the Regent. By reason of the absence of Argyle and Boyd, who are solicitors for him, the Duke's cautioners or bonds be not brought in, but the said lords are looked for in three or four days. Two of the hostages be already come, to wit, the Regent's and Lord Semple's; when the rest shall come he has agreed with the Regent, not without some ado, to go to the Castle to prove them once again before the coming of the army, which if it do no good shall prepare the way to the summoning. Would be glad if he knew how to have an end of this matter to the Queen's contentation, and to deliver him of the burden he fears so much. The Regent makes diligent search and labour to have all things contained in his promise performed. The most part of the nobility will be here to accompany him, and at the coming of the army he will call hither another band of men which lie at Jedworth to prevent the incursions of Ferniehurst and his band, whereof many are English. He has determined that his soldiers shall go to the assault, although he dare not promise so much; howbeit if it come to a breach made by our men they will be loth to give the honour to Scots, and therefore if the Marshal think it good, has bethought him that the Scots bands and the English gunners should make and assail one breach, and the English the two others. He might "touch" a word to the Marshal for sparing his men at watch and ward as at the assault, if it come to that, as he cannot hear any of judgment say it will, for there is none within that ever bided a siege except Kirkcaldy; and by all men's judgment the soldiers knowing no remedy or recompense to be looked for at Grange's hand, will not abide the terror of the cannon and the danger, to which end the Regent has secretly practised to corrupt them with the offer of 2,000 crowns and their pardons if they will leave the Castle. Learns that Robert Melvil and one Patadro [Pittarrow], constable of the Castle, would gladly be thence with their honour, as they term it. Begs him to do good for his pardon to George Pringle, sometime servant to the Earl of Northumberland, late executed; he uses his service, which he would not do were he not in some hope for his pardon; to cancel his faults he had offered service to the Marshal of Berwick and Mr. Randall, by whom he was sent twice into Flanders for intelligence, and acquitted himself honestly, until being discovered he could no more go thither.—Edinburgh, in some haste, 30 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
March 30.857. Sir Valentine Browne to [Lord Burghley].
Upon conference with Sir W. Drury has made a brief estimate of the charges convenient for this journey for one month, according to the numbers at present accounted upon, and that he may understand how he is furnished with money, herein encloses a reckoning of sums received since Michaelmas last for extraordinary causes. They have adventured the sending of the master carpenter and certain men of art to Edinburgh to employ themselves about making engines and instruments, to prove what fear the same may breed, as also of a hoy laden with timber and things of small importance named to be laden with ordnance. Hopes the same may take the effect they require for avoiding further business and charges. Will shift as best he can with those that be left behind for the guard of the town, but there be many old men and some absent as appears by the musters.—Berwick, 30 March 1573. Signed.
P. 1.
858. Brief note of Sir Valentine Browne's receipts.
Received since Michaelmas 5,360l., paid 3,189l., remaining in his custody 2,171l.—Berwick, 29 March.
P. 1. Enclosure.
March 31.859. Bishop of Galloway to John Gordon at the Court of France.
It is alleged that he has set forth a prologue with a book in the manner of an apology against Master George Buchanan's, in which there are libels of infamy against the principal councillors of England, whereof he desires to know the truth. Has travailed with the ambassador of England to cause this letter to come to his hands, which is to desire him to purchase the goodwill of the Kings of France and Navarre to come home, in especial as he is waxed old, and has such disease that is able to shorten his days, and therefore would be glad to have him here to put order to such things as may concern his advancement hereafter. Has purchased a safe-conduct of the Queen of England for him to return that way, where he doubts not he shall find favour if he has not forfeited it, which he were loth he should have done.—Tongueland, last day of March. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
March.860. Note of Writings sent by Killegrew to Sir Thomas Smith.
Enumeration of letters and other documents, amounting to seventeen, sent in a packet from Scotland by Killegrew, ambassador there, to Sir Thomas Smith.
Endd. P. 2/3.
[March.]861. Philip Strozzi.
The writer learnt a year ago last August that Philip Strozzi was in Lower Normandy under colour of looking at a house which he had bought, and was making inquiries about the havens, and even if he could hire ships fit for war. It was thought that he had some design upon the islands of Jersey and Guernsey, like his late uncle had. He has since visited the district of Caux, and inspected the ports and harbours. He declares that he is determined to avenge the death of Captain Monluc, who was slain at Madeira.
Fr. P. 1.
March.862. Siege of Rochelle.
MM. de Biron and Monluc are dead. M. d'Aumale was killed before. 500 Gascons cut to pieces by the townsmen. On the 20th the King's camp was fiercely repelled with the loss of 900 men. On Easter day they began their shot on both sides of the town. La Noue, with 12 others, departed from Rochelle more than 15 days since, whereof there are not re-entered passing three.
Endd.: Occurrents from Rochelle. March 1573. P. 2/3.
March.863. Renewal of the Intercourse with Spain and the Low Countries.
Articles for the renewal of traffic and free navigation between England and the dominions of the King of Spain, as it was formerly before the arrests. The Queen of England's subjects are not to be molested by the Inquisition, but whosoever shall commit any act to the contempt of the other's religion is to be banished. The rebels against either Prince not to remain in the other's dominions. All pirates to be suppressed. The intercourse to continue for two years, and commissioners to be appointed to decide all controversies, and, if need be, to agree upon articles for further amity. The commissioners are to treat for the restitution or recompense of goods arrested on either part, and no further arrest to be made on any goods brought into either country within the said two years, but shall be by them aliened or carried away within three months following. Two commissioners to be named by the King of Spain, who shall meet those of the Queen in London, and if within three months following they cannot agree, then two others to be sent out of England to Bruges, with power to confer with two others of like quality upon such things as cannot be accorded by the commissioners at London.
Draft. Endd. and corrected by Burghley. Pp. 3½.
March 1.864. Renewal of the Intercourse.
Draft of a treaty embodying the above articles, with corrections in Burghley's writing, together with a clause in his own name, promising the ratification by the Queen.
Endd.: 1 March. Lat. Pp. 6.
March 15.865. Another draft of the above, with a clause for its observance, in the name of the Duke of Alva.—Nimeguen, 15 March 1573.
Endd. Lat. P. 5.