February 1574


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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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'Elizabeth: February 1574', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 10: 1572-1574 (1876), pp. 462-471. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73176 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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February 1574

Feb.1304. Affairs of the Low Countries.
1. Captain David, a Flushinger who for four years has dwelt in Dover by virtue of a commission from the Prince of Orange, went to sea last month having advertisement that the Duke of Alva had a ship laden with treasure of gold and arras which should depart from Dunkirk towards Spain. On the 29th January he took a ship coming from Sluys wherein was one Rogers of Sandwich, who for certain months past had served the Duke of Alva, and now under Captain Philippe serves the Duke del Nova-terra, on whom he found certain letters and a commission to levy soldiers, and especially mariners. On the same day David was taken by the bark of Boulogne and Guerras was sent unto to travail by all means that he might be sent over to the Duke, for being of Flushing they think they would so handle him that he should open the secrets of the town.
2. Rogers has confessed that there were four English ships which should have victualled Middleburg taken by the Prince, also that the resolution of the Duke del Nova-terra was to victual that town and to attempt Flushing, in which place there was detected an Englishman who had been suborned to work some treason against the Prince and to burn his ships. Further that the Duke of Alva should be departed out of the Low Countries, and that the King of Spain has written that he would be there this spring. Also that there should arrive at Dover on the 30th January two men with 1,000 angels for the pay of mariners, for that the ships at Dunkirk were destitute of men, which two men have departed to London to speak with Philippe, who on Monday last was seen at the Royal Exchange all in black apparel after the manner of a merchant. The names of those who have commission to levy soldiers and mariners for the Duke in England are Prior, who was spoiled last month by Mr. Horsey Lawles, master of Paris Garden, Philippe, and Rogers.
The six ships that were in the Downs on 25th January are at Dunkirk; they were made in Brittany for the Duke del Nova Terra, the least of them of 150 tons and made for war.
Endd. Pp. 2⅓.
Feb. 1.1305. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Sends Lord Morley's letter, knows not what he means by the words "submission" and "other princes." Willed his brother to advertise him to specify his meaning. If he meant France he should be sure to have nothing but words; if Spain it was too much offensive, and could not be without suspicion of evil meaning. His brother said their money was almost gone, and they had six persons in company and three horses. The Bishop of Ross has been with him with commendations of the Queen, and promise to be a new man. He confessed he had made request to the King for De la Mothe to be an intercessor for the Scottish Queen. The Protestants of Languedoc demand release of their subsidies and the edict of January. The King has sent answer to them of Le Puy, besieged by the Protestants, that he cannot help them as yet. He speaks to have men in readiness in Switzerland, and is said to retain 4,000 reiters in Germany. The King would not have the Duke over strong at the seaside, so has taken the sea coast that was his appanage, and assigned him Meaux and Maine. They of the religion mistrust the King prepares himself against them by sea as well as by land; others think the ships are for the help of the Prince of Orange. The Prince of Orange has given commandment to his friends and vassals to forbear to annoy their neighbours about Avignon, not only the French King's subjects but also the Pope's. The French report that the Prince has proffered to put the Low Country in their hands. It is bruited Montgomery has been at Rochelle or has promised to come thither, therefore some think the King prepares himself. The Duke is newly made lieutenant-general to the King, and goes shortly to Paris to take his oath. Glad to hear of his recovery. Poissy, 1 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
Jan. 21.1306. Lord Morley to [Dr. Dale].
Being bereaved of all succour out of England, he is driven to use his means in presenting the Queen his humble submission and service. Is very loth to seek of any prince in Christendom relief and protection unless mere necessity should compel him thereunto. He is not living that can charge him with any fact or intention prejudicial to the Queen or his country. Only his departing from the realm is taken so heinously, which was in law neither treason or trespass. Can do no more than be sorry for it and humbly crave her pardon, seeing the stone which is cast cannot be called back again. Would be ever bounden to him if he would have conference with him and vouchsafe to deal for him. Paris, 21 Jan. 1574. Signed.
Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
Feb 1.1307. Dr. Valentine Dale to Francis Walsingham and Sir Thomas Smith.
Sends the same news as that contained in Lord Burghley's letter of the same date. Poissy, 1 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Feb. 2.1308. James Melvil to Lord Burghley.
In respect his brother is charged by the Regent to write forth of the realm, trusts he will accepts his excuses, and be assured that he is willing to acquit himself of his duty to him as far as his ability shall reach. He lives in good hope he will continue his accustomed favour to him, by putting the Queen in remembrance how that her benefit and clemency shewed to him can never be acquitted by word or deed. All his friends hope he will bestow of his humanity on him in his suit, if such may be obtained without hurt of the country. Scotland, 2 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 3.1309. The Queen to Dr. Valentine Dale.
1. The French Ambassador has at sundry times required her answer whether she would allow of the coming of the Duke of Alençon, upon view of the portraiture brought by Randolph. He shall shew the King and Queen Mother that the cause of her stay in answering proceeded from the fact that she has had sundry conferences with her Council, being loth there should fall out discontentment by this marriage, and that upon the discovery of a late enterprise intended against them of Rochelle, there is conceived in the hearts of her subjects a new misliking of the match, therefore she knows not what to resolve. Their ambassador has received this answer that she could in no case yield to an open and public interview, for she cannot be put in any comfort that there will grow any satisfaction of their persons. He may say that were it not more to satisfy them, she could in nowise be induced to allow of his coming, either publicly or privately. For notwithstanding the great protestations to the contrary, if satisfaction follow not upon the interview, there is like to ensue thereby disdain and unkindness. If he see these doubts do not stay them, but that the Duke will needs come over in some disguised sort, he shall tell the King that the gentleman in whose company he shall come as one of his followers, may not be of so great quality as the Duke Montmorency, nor accompanied with any great train, to avoid suspicion, for that if there follow no liking, the less touch will it be to both their honors.
2. He is to desire the Queen Mother to join with him in the furtherance of the suit of a daughter of the Duke of Montpensier to the King, who is presently in Germany, that by benefit of the late edict she may enjoy her living in France during the time of her absence. Hampton Court, 3 Feb. 1573.
Copy. Pp. 2⅓.
1310. Draft of the above.
Endd. P. 6½.
1311. Copy of first paragraph of the above.
Endd., with seal. Pp. 1⅓.
1312. Copy of first paragraph.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
Feb. 8.1313. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Was yesterday advertised from the Regent of Scotland that the Queen was minded to send 100 soldiers of this garrison through Scotland into Ireland. Begs that the captain to be assigned for that service may be named, and not referred hither by general words, for there are none who of themselves will seek to serve there. Captains Pickman and Wood have been trained in the service there. Thinks this way not so ready as to take shipping at Workington, which is a shorter march by land. Berwick, 8 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Feb. 11.1314. Massacre of St. Bartholomew.
Order by the King for recompense to Thierry Badonaire for certain goods taken in his house at Paris on the day of Saint Bartholomew, 1572. St. Germain's, 11 Feb. 1574.
Copy. Fr. P. ⅓.
Feb. 12.1315. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
Lord Morley has been to him and said he is the lothest man in the world to be out of the Queen's favour. He protested he had but six crowns, and has not wherewithal to make a penny but with two or three horses. Thinks he bears a very good heart unto Her Majesty. He is persuaded he cannot lack either here, in Spain, or with the Emperor, and means have been made to retain him in the Low Country. Persuaded him that for no extremity he seek to any but to the Queen. Sends a copy of his request. The sickness of the King is thought dangerous by his paleness, his testiness, and his shortness of breath. By this occasion the faction grows between the Guises and the friends of the Duke. The Guises make themselves as left for the preservation of the right of the King of Poland. There is some practice to keep the Duke from the government, who grows in credit generally, and namely with the Protestants. St. Supplice brings the King word from Rochelle that they will not join with them of Languedoc, nor receive strangers. Maugeron is gone to pacify them of Languedoc, in the meantime they have sent for bands of menat-arms. The preparation of ships was for fear that they of Rochelle or Normandy would receive Montgomery. The Spanish Ambassador has moved the Queen Mother upon occasion of certain men gone of late out of Champagne to the service of the Prince of Orange, and the great joy the French make upon the victory of that Prince. The Pope's secretary is departed with grant of passage for men to Avignon. Beseeches him to signify to the Queen the dutiful kindness he conceives of her grant of the deanery of Wells. The King of Poland is arrived in his dominions at a town called Miseris; some jest at the allusion of the name. Poissy, 12 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
Feb. 12.1316. Lord Morley's Request to Dale.
Desires him to offer the Queen his submission and service, beseeching her to pardon that which is past, and to restore him and his to their former estate, and to remit the two years rent she demands of the tenants, which his son has spent in attending upon her. Beseeches her consideration of his chattels she has bestowed on others, without which he cannot give his children bread, seeing his estate is so tied that he cannot sell any part thereof. As he cannot maintain himself according to his estate, he would crave the Queen's licence to remain in some place for two or three years to live privately and spare his purse. Would not absent himself from her service but for these considerations. Prays him make the Lord Treasurer and the Earl of Leicester privy hereof.
Endd. P. 1. Enclosure.
Feb.1317. Goods of English Merchants.
Petition to the King of France praying for payment of corn supplied by two English merchants called Warcup and Nutshawe for the army before Rochelle.
Fr. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Feb. 12.1318. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Will try whether they mean to please in the suit of Mr. Warcup and others. Has put the money delivered to the advocate of Picardy in his extraordinaries, and will order Dr. Forth to pay him (Walsingham) back upon the receipt thereof.—Poissy, 12 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Feb. 16.1319. John Dymock to Lord Burghley.
His great need and misery constrains him not only to crave his help, but to pray that he will be good to him and all Her Majesty's subjects who are in the King of Sweden's dominions, so that they may be otherwise used than hitherto. They are no more esteemed but like the slaves who are captives to the barbarians. Has been kept prisoner for three years and eight months at the suit of the Lady Cecilia, the King's sister, who has untruly and unjustly reported of him and said the like talk of the Queen. Although the Queen has sent three several letters and certified the perfect truth, and he has the certificates of the Admiralty, the Lord Mayor of London, and Benedict Spinola, for the matter of the Lady Cecilia, the King and his council have given more credit to her false report. They are repulsed out of the Court like dogs. The King is indebted to one English merchant 70,000 dollars, and has seized ships and goods belonging to another to the value of 45,000 dollars, for which they can get nothing but promises. The King has promised him that he shall be talked with and have an end, but it is but driving off, they hoping that hearty sorrow will kill him as it has done others. Has been informed that they are not minded that he shall ever depart, for fear he shall procure some hurt to the King and his realm for the great wrongs and evil usage that they have done to him. Has made it known to the King what he did for him when King Eric kept him prisoner and he was condemned to die in getting the Queen of England's letters in his favour. The young King of Scots has sent over and not only procured that a number of his subjects in Sweden should be set at liberty, but also had the King's bonds for the payment of all their wages. If such a poor nation can fear this King in such manner, what cannot the Queen of England do for her subjects. Begs therefore that she will send over some wise and learned gentleman, which will be much to her honour.—Stockholm, 16 Feb. 1574. Signed.
Add., with seal. Pp. 3½.
Feb. 19.1320. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
Has advertised the Queen of his doings at his first audience since the receipt of her letter. Knows not how long it will be before there is any resolution taken on their great suit. There are as many soldiers as may be found of the old bands gathered to pass to Languedoc, where St. Supplice is to be sent to continue the treaty for pacification. Men cannot tell what to make of the King's sickness; he is now up, now down.— Poissy, 19 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ¾.
Feb. [19].1321. Dr. Dale to the Queen.
Upon receipt of her letter had access to the King, then sick in bed and somewhat weak. Declared her great affection towards the continuance of the amity, and her doubts lest the present request for the interview might breed the contrary of that she desired, and also the way she judged to be most agreeable with the conservation of her honour. The King answered coldly, thanking her infiniment for her good affection, and said he would declare his resolution in three or four days. Then moved her desire for the daughter of the Duke of Montpensier. The King said her father was so offended with her that he would not be contented she should have any relief, yet he would devise to help her without his knowledge. Turned then to the Queen Mother, who said she could not tell how her son might come unknown, but would have conference and commune further of the matter; she would be glad to help the daughter of the Duke of Montpensier. In the meantime happened the insolent fact of the Duke of Guise which he has expressed at large, by means whereof when he was to have had audience yesterday he was told they could not attend thereunto. Doubting this brabble might breed some long delay thought it his duty to advertise her.—Poissy, Feb. 1573.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 3. Enclosure.
Feb. 16.1322. Fray between the Duke of Guise and Vantabran.
1. The 16th February the Queen Mother went to the chamber of M. de la Mole to search for St. John, brother of the Count Montgomery. When she found nothing she went to the cabinet of the Duke and tarried with him examining the matter.
2. The same day the Duke of Guise meeting Vantabran, sometimes his servant and great executioner of his fury at the time of the massacre, drew his sword upon him in the court and was like to slay him had not Vantabran thrust a lacquey between. Suddenly Guise ran to the King and complained that Vantabran had discovered to him how he was moved by Montmorency to slay him [Guise], and because he did not believe him, being assured of Montmorency's good friendship, and being offended with him for his slanderous report, did strike him as a lewd fellow. De la Mole, being kinsman to Vantabran, came to the King's chamber and told Guise he might have forborne to have stricken him in the King's castle. "Yea," quoth M. de Guise, "and if thou hadst been there I would have done ten times as much to thee as I did to him." Whereupon when De la Mole began to multiply words with Guise, M. the Duke being present bade him hold his peace and let him alone with that quarrel, he should not take any wrong at any of their hands. Upon this Vantabran was committed to prison and examined straitly as a criminal. Such parties taken in the Court, such banding, some with the Duke, some with the Guises, and some with Montmorency, that men doubt what might be the end, namely what might come of Montmorency. The jealousy is much increased against the Duke to keep him from government. The Guises are much countenanced by the Duke and Duchess of Lorraine, who are about the Queen Mother. The poor man is like to suffer to appease the quarrel between the Guises and Montmorency. He shall be charged that he did attempt to draw his sword in the Court, when Guise did hurt him, which in Guise is thought a small fault.
Endd. Pp. 1½. Enclosure.
Feb. 19.1323. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
Has sent this despatch that the Queen may know why there is no resolution taken in the great matter, and to give advertisement of this new accident that troubles the Court, and not unlikely to trouble all the realm. Has, as particularly as he could, expressed the circumstances of this late quarrel, that it may be considered what is like to follow of it. Men cannot tell what to make of the sickness of the King—Poissy, 19 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 20.1324. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley and Sir Walter Mildmay.
1. Has by Rowland Johnson received their letters, by which he perceives that they would be particularly advertised of every ruinous place in the walls of the town, with an estimate of the charges thereof. Sends a survey of the decays of the old wall, with an estimate of the charges to repair the same. Thanks his Lordship for the order taken touching the officers' allowances in the works. It may be that some at the Court may require to have prests to be there delivered upon their fees payable here; the truth is, there are none there but by anticipation will be and always are beforehand with their pays, and therefore he requests that no money may be delivered to them before certificate from him of the sums due to them. Their opposite neighbours are in good and quiet conservance. The Regent has put to the horn the Earl of Argyle, with the countess, late the wife of the Regent James, for certain jewels belonging to their late Queen, and the Earl gives his diligent attendance at Edinburgh, but as yet can obtain no respite therein.—Berwick, 20 Feb. 1573.
2. P.S.—Desires licence for the shipping of certain grain from Lynn. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
Feb.1325. Fortifications of Berwick.
A brief declaration of the special decayed places upon the walls at Berwick, towards the sea and the river Tweed, with an estimate of the necessary charges for their repair, amounting altogether to 1,643l.; also a further estimate for scaffolding and smiths' wages, amounting to 80l. 5s. 8d. Signed by Browne and Johnson.
Endd. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
Feb. 22.1326. Commission by the Queen.
Authorises Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Walter Mildmay, and Drs. Wilson, Lewis, and [Ardra], to treat for the compounding of all difficulties that have arisen from the detention of ships and goods in England and the Low Countries, and making arrangements for mutual restitution or compensation. —Hampton Court, 22 Feb. 1574.
Draft. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1½.
Feb. 23.1327. Lord Burghley to Sir Valentine Browne and others.
Having lately granted to George Beverley a patent of the customership of Berwick, he is now informed by Robert Mainwaring and Robert Ardern that the same George is descended of Scottish parentage and born within Scotland, and so not admittable by the statutes and orders of the town of Berwick to exercise any public office there, and also that he has usurped the name of Beverley. Requires them to cause a just trial to be made in this matter, and thereof to send him knowledge under their hands.—From the Court, 23 Feb. 1573. Signed.
P. 1.
Feb.1328. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
Prays him to send for Doctor Forth, to the end he may perceive his lordship's last speech to him was in the way of admonition and not of displeasure. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ½.
Feb.1329. Occurrents in France.
The treatment is such that those who have returned to the mass can only expect entire ruin. The deed of M. de la Noüe is so offensive to the King that he has sworn that when he has taken Rochelle to kill all those who have carried arms. The King has not more than 6,000 cavalry and seven regiments of foot, 2,000 to the regiment, badly accoutred. The want of money is so great that the King is forced to make unreasonable taxes, which have exasperated the Papists against the government.
Endd. Fr. P. ½.