Elizabeth
April 1576, 16-30

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1880

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309-325

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'Elizabeth: April 1576, 16-30', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 11: 1575-1577 (1880), pp. 309-325. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73234 Date accessed: 16 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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April 1576, 16-30

April 16734. W. Davison to Lord Burghley.
After so long delay, he is sorry that he cannot advertise more of his negotiation, but he may easily guess where the lack rests. The country and the States here in general were never more inclined to a peace, but some particulars there be who dare not much advance it. The Prince has lately attempted to succour Zericksee, and not without great slaughter on both sides repulsed. It is thought that the hope that the Spaniards have shortly to possess the same holds this side from peace. M. d'Hierges is this day gone to Holland with 50,000 florins, and order for 50,000 more for the pay of his troops. The High Dutch colonels are now suitors for money to pay their soldiers. The States of Brabant have lately consented to give 150,000 crowns to the King for renewing a placcart that no stranger shall bear any office in Brabant. The Duke of Arschot departs to Beaumont for Easter, and divers other nobles to Mechlin for the jubilee. There were taken last week 125 Englishmen at Browershaven. The bruit who shall be Governor here runs between Madame de Parma, the young French Queen Dowager, the Emperor's son, now in Spain, and Don John of Austria.—Brussels, 16 April 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
April 16.735. Lord Burghley to Walsingham.
1. Has perused all the letters and memorials for Mr. Beale concerning his voyage into Zealand, and so well allows of the whole course therein taken by the Lords, as both with heart and hand he signs them. As he wrote yesterday he found it hard to make a good distinction betwixt anger and judgment, for Lord Oxford's misusage, so surely when he looks into the universal barbarism of the Prince's forces of the Flushingers, who are only a rabble of common pirates, or worse, and who make no difference whom they outrage, he mistrusts of any good issue to the cause, though of itself it should be favoured. Humbly thanks their Lordships for the regard of the Earl of Oxford, in whose person surely her Majesty and the realm has taken disgrace, and if the Prince shall not yield, to hang some of the principal for such a robbery, he must say, howsoever her Majesty shall bind herself for the cause, she ought in justice otherwise to see it revenged, for if justice be denied in such a notorious case, all laws betwixt near princes warrant a proceeding otherwise to make an example of avenge. If Mr. Beale speaks with the Prince he may do well to advise him to think that such an outrage as this cannot take end without more offence to him and his than may be the hanging of five or six such thieves, as if he were rid of 100 of them his cause would prosper better, and his friends increase, which if he shall by subterfuge in answer delay, he will feel shall neither prosper nor yet his friends remain obliged to him as they have. "You see my anger leadeth my judgment."
2. Is not truly moved hereto more for particular causes than for public. If his name be of any value, prays Mr. Beale to use it to the Prince, as feeling himself in the person of the Earl of Oxford interested in this outrage, and so rather expecting some honourable amends by justice in executing of the pirates.—16 April 1576. Signed.
3. P.S.—This hot weather begins to lift his evil foot from his footstool. Prays him to thank the Earls of Sussex and Leicester for permitting him to be partaker with their private letter.
Holograph. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
April 16.736. Burghley, Sussex, Leicester, and Walsingham to the Prince of Orange.
As they have always borne him honour and affection they regret extremely that Queen should have such just cause of offence on account of the daily piracies committed under his authority, which have besides the effect of totally alienating her subjects from him and his cause, and even causing them to murmur against their own government for not avenging these outrages. They desire him to consider of what consequence this matter is, and to provide for its remedy. The disordered and barbarous people of Flushing continuing these atrocities cannot but render him odious in the eyes of all Christendom, and bring the cause of religion into scandal and decay and tend to the utter overthrow of his enterprise. —Westminster, 16 April 1576. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
April 16.737. Instructions for Robert Beale sent to the Prince of Orange.
On his arrival at Flushing he shall inform himself whether the ships of the Merchant Adventurers are released or whether they mean to detain them; and if he finds that they be departed, and in no danger of arrest, he shall deliver her message to the Prince or, in his absence, to the Governor of Zealand. If he finds that they are not released, but that there is hope of their being set at liberty, he shall let them understand that her Majesty finds her honour greatly wounded by the daily misusing of her subjects, and specially by the outrage lately committed upon the Earl of Oxford, and that in case the offenders be not severely punished, she will be forced to put in execution such remedies as she would be loth to do. In case he finds the Prince or Governors stand upon conditional terms as to have the ships arrested in the West first released, he shall let them understand that they forget themselves in standing upon conditional terms with a prince of her Majesty's quality; besides which the arrest of their ships proceeded of sundry complaints of spoils and outrages sustained by her subjects (the said Flushingers having carried in within the space of one month 30 sail of her subjects). They would then see that the cause of arrest proceeded from themselves, so are they in reason first to make satisfaction, and that by staying the ships of the Merchant Adventurers, to whom by contract they have given free passage, they have offered double injury. He is to be guided by his discretion accordingly as he shall find the state of affairs there, only it is necessary, until the ships are released, that he forbears to use threatenings, but when they are departed, he shall deliver her message to the Prince and Governors.—15 April 1576.
Copy. Pp. 1¼.
April 17.738. Letters from Middleburg.
1. Since his last writing there has happened a sedition in Holland amongst the Englishmen lately come over to the Prince's service. Captain Cromwell's ensign was sent by the Prince's commandment towards Leyden with their month's pay, and on being commanded to march towards Worden demanded another month's pay, and three of them, called George Hill, Thomas Philip, and Commines, flatly denied to go, and so dealt with the rest that Cromwell was left with his lieutenant and four corporals. Having taken the port of the town towards Haarlem they openly vaunted that they had never sworn to serve the Prince, but were for the King and the Queen. In this case Cromwell departed towards the Prince, who sent 40 horsemen and two ensigns of foot, to whom they rendered themselves, and the three above mentioned were beheaded and six more kept in prison, who shall pass the same way. This news with other advertisements received makes the Governor think that no good is to be looked for out of England, for they have been advertised by a Spaniard that the Queen has promised the King of Spain to reduce Holland to his obedience by sending certain of her subjects to serve there. Wherefore the Governor said he would take heed of Englishmen and not permit them to enter the island though the Prince commanded him to do so a hundred times. The writer told him he was to blame in judging so of her Majesty, who had always aided the afflicted, as in France and Scotland well appeared, and as for what had happened in Holland, he might well perceive that it came not from the captain and officers, but from some mutinous soldiers.—[16 April.]
2. The day after writing his former letter the Prince's fleet approached the entry of Zericksee to break the palisade there, where they fought very furiously for six hours. Admiral Boissot took two principal galleys and burned other vessels and cast their crews into the sea. No victuals as yet have entered the town. The enterprise of Amsterdam is frustrated and come to no effect. Afterwards the soldiers made a raid into West Friesland and spoiled many villages. This day came order from the Admiral for all fly boats to render themselves at Browershaven.—Middleburg, 17 April 1576.
In John Cobham's writing. Endd.: "Letters sent unto Mr. Secretary Smithe from Middleburg, 17 April 1576."
Pp. 1½.
April 17.739. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. They thought themselves in great likelihood of peace, for the King had granted free exercise of religion through all France, four leagues about Paris and two leagues about the Court only excepted, and many other things. Forasmuch as the King will not grant the assurances that are demanded, neither will content Duke Casimir according to the agreement made with him by the Princes, Doctor Beuttrich, who was deputy here for him, would needs depart, and Beauvais and some others are gone with him, during whose absence the treaty is suspended. The Prince of Condé marches hitherwards as some say within 14 leagues of this town. They of the religion require two towns in every government, which are fourteen in number, besides those which they have, the King will grant them but eight in the whole, whereby they should forego a great number which they have already; this point was the matter that broke off the treaty last year. Duke Casimir remains yet about Nevers. Monsieur has lain at Moulins, but was appointed to remove hitherwards the 16th of this month. The King of Navarre remains still in Poitou. The King makes all preparation that he may possibly to war. This town is commanded anew to provide themselves with victuals for six months. Mr. Randolphe's negotiations hitherto have been but cold. The Queen Mother seems to be unfeignedly desirous to further the peace. Trusts the Queen's resolution for sending Sir Amias Paulet may take place.—Paris, 17 April 1576.
2. P.S. 1.—Biron is returned from Monsieur. The Queen Mother is minded to go towards him very shortly, for if the matter be not taken up very speedily there is like to be some rencontre, for the Prince of Condé and the reiters with him are near to the reiters of the King, and the Swiss for the King and the rest of the King's forces draw all towards this town to march against the Prince. Scouts and watch set about this town as though the enemy were in sight.
3. P.S. 2.—Received this day his letter of the 6th of this present. Did well foresee that the Queen might be offended with the articles in the contract between the Princes and Duke Casimir touching her. There was no remedy but to show it, forasmuch as they demanded the King should perform that agreement. It is not against any league for a prince to lend money to his neighbour and confederate, neither is it a new thing in a treaty to require discharge of a debt towards a third person, as the Emperor did require the French King in the treaty of Madrid to discharge a great sum of money due by him to Henry VIII. the Queen's progenitor.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
April 17.740. News of France.
On the return of Biron the King has sent on to Monsieur in all haste. The Prince of Condé has been at Valery; he is far stronger than the reiters of the King. This town (Paris) is full of news that last night there were two ensigns of footmen and a company of light horsemen of the King defeated by the reiters of the Prince of Condé, and therefore the King sends for the rest of his forces both reiters and Swiss in all haste. They of the faubourgs generally remove their goods into this town with such diligence that a man can scant enter the gates for press of people, carriage, and cattle.
P. 1.
April 17.741. Thomas Randolphe to Lord Burghley.
Finds a goodwill on both sides to have a peace, the difficulty is to have good assurance for the continuance of it. The assurance is so slender that it puts all indifferent men in doubt what to do. Duke Casimir demands the confirmation of the contract made with him for Metz, Verdun, and Toul; the King will rather sustain any adventure than yield thereunto. De Beauvais and Doctor Beuttrich are departed, the others remain, but treat no further till the return of these that are gone or further resolution from those that sent them. The Prince marches forward, and is at Valery, 18 leagues from this town. The King makes all the force he can, supposes they will be few enough to withstand his adversaries. Received many good words in behalf of the Queen at his audience from the King, his mother, and his wife. They thank her for sending at this time. Finds no goodwill that he should travail in these matters nor yet speak with Monsieur. Is desired to confer with Marshal Retz, and is promised to have access to themselves at any time he will.— Paris, 17 April 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
April 17.742. Dale and Randolphe to Smith and Walsingham.
Since the 10th there has been very great hope of peace, and it was constantly spread throughout the whole realm that the peace was concluded. Monsieur had written to the deputies not to enter into any further treaty of peace till general exercise of religion was granted. The King was content to grant the article with restraint only of four leagues about Paris and two about the Court, which being thought not unreasonable, the deputies were content to pass further to the rest of the articles, and in the meantime to send to Monsieur and the rest to know their pleasure. And so they passed the article of justice and divers others as is contained in the King's answer enclosed herewith; they of Rochelle mislike very much, for that they say they have always been exempt since the first troubles from the jurisdiction of Paris, and therefore require to have their Court Presidial at Poitiers, which they cannot obtain. They take great unkindness against the rest of the deputies who would not stand with them in that point. Descending to the articles of the assurances, there arose a greater difficulty, which is like to break off the whole treaty of peace. The deputies demand two towns in every province, which are 14 in number, for their safety, and they have 200 or 300 towns in their possession. The King grants them eight only, and that of them only that they have already, requiring restitution of all the rest, demanding that the rest of those towns shall be put in the same estate they were in before these troubles, which is the article whereon they brake off the treaty last summer, for they will not depart with any of those towns, but require further assurance of other towns. The King will in no wise hearken unto the government of Metz, Toul, and Verdun for Duke Casimir. So after much altercation Doctor Beuttrich required safe conduct to depart, thinking himself somewhat hardly dealt withal, that the rest of the deputies did rather go about to persuade him to relent rather than to stand in terms with the King for the obtaining of it. Notwithstanding the deputies did so far stick to him that they could not nor would not treat any further unless Duke Casimir were satisfied. So Doctor Beuttrich departing, Beauvais and some others are gone also to Monsieur, and the treaty of peace is suspended during their absence. In the meantime the Prince of Condé with the vanguard came very near Montargis, 24 leagues from this town, which the King understanding, he sent Count Martinengo, an Italian, to keep the town. Martinengo has lain in that country five or six months, and has used such notable and exceeding cruelty that they of Montargis would not receive him, but were rather contented to receive the Prince of Condé, for there are many of the religion in that town by reason that there was continual exercise of preaching there during the time of Duchess of Ferrara. The King is further newly advertised that the Prince of Condé is gone on the sudden with 4,000 horse towards Valery, a town of the Prince of Condé's own, not far from Montereau-faut-Yonne; therefore the King, fearing very much that town, has despatched the Dukes of Guise, Maine, D'Aumale, and de Mereur, and divers others of that faction, and has sent to all the captains about the Court in all haste to assemble together their companies to withstand the enterprise of the Prince. He makes all preparation that he may possibly to war, and has despatched ambassadors presently with his jewels to Rome, Venice, Florence, Ferrara, and to the Duke of Savoy to borrow money. There has been nothing done for the King of Navarre, but only his demands proposed with the rest. Duke Casimir remains still about Nevers. Monsieur has remained at Moulins, but it was appointed that he should move hitherwards the 14th of this month. The King of Navarre lies still in Poitou.—Paris, 16 April 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Walsingham. Pp. 3.
April 13.743. Answers of the King of France to the deputies; identical with No. 732.
Fr. Enclosure. Pp. 3.
[April.]744. [—] to [Dr. Dale?].
Relating the doings of the deputies in the same manner as they are told in the letter of Dale and Randolphe to Smith and Walsingham of the 17th April.
Copy. Fr. Enclosure. Pp. 1¼.
April 19.745. Dr. Dale to Burghley.
Sends the copy of his letter to the Lords of the Council touching Nutshawe's matter, whereby he sees that all his warrant and payment is to be received upon money which they know not whether ever they shall receive, yea or no. Therefore he can go no further here. If the French Ambassador mislike of the order of the Lords of the Council there, he has time enough to remedy it by effectual payment of the money, so that he cannot justly find himself grieved with their order. Sends Warcup's man home also with letters to the Lords of the Council and with copies of all such writings as have passed in his matter, whereby it well appears what promises have been made and what diligence used. Has little hope to do good in his matter, seeing that the present warrants of the King for Nutshawe cannot be paid.—Paris, 19 April 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
[April 19.]746. Dr. Dale to the Lords of the Council.
After great suit and long and many delays has obtained two several warrants under the King's broad seal, directed to the Treasurer of the Espargne, for the present payment of William Nutshawe for his corn taken for the King's use at Rochelle. Which warrants being presented to the Treasurer he made answer that the money was to be paid out of a certain debt due to the King at Angers, and not otherwise, putting him to choice whether he would go to Angers for the money or else tarry till it were brought from thence. Made complaint to the Council and required present payment according to the words of the warrant, whereupon they gave order that the Treasurer should send to Angers for the money and in the meantime pay Nutshawe 100 crowns for his charges, which were paid and a messenger sent to Angers for the money, who being returned made report that he was robbed by the way and one of his company slain, and that they which should pay the money will not pay it, because they cannot enjoy the bargain for the which they should pay their money, by reason of a former bargain made by the King unto another. He (Dale) caused an attestation to be made thereof, and made suit again to the Council for present payment, of whom he could get none other answer but that there was no other means to have payment but by the said debt. The poor man being wearied with these delays thought it best not to attend any longer in this Court, his cause has been so tedious, cumbersome, and chargeable that he could not in equity advise him any longer to consume himself with such intolerable delays.
Copy. Enclosure. P. 1.
April 21.747. Note of things to be declared by [Mr. Beale] to the Prince of Orange.
To declare what report he made to the Queen and Council touching the effect of his message, also the occasion wherefore he was sent to Flushing and how he was cast on land at Ostend, and of his long abode there. To deliver letters to him and talk of particular matters, especially touching the merchants' traffic. To demonstrate to him what violence is shown to the Merchant Adventurers and how their ships are stayed, and as the Estates of Zealand yet owe 4,000li, they need not for the stay of their ships in England make such stay of the Merchant Adventurers' ships. To desire him to alter Martin Frobisher's passport. To make various other complaints touching the stay of the Merchant Adventurers' ships.—Rough notes in [Beale's] writing.
Endd.: 21 April 1576. P. 1.
April 21.748. William Davison to Lord Burghley.
The States generally bend to a peace, though perhaps Barliamont, D'Assonville, Rodas and one or two others will for their particulars not much hasten the same. Observes a general disposition in the common Estates not to stretch themselves in no further contribution of money, unless they may have peace and the strangers removed. The general want of money amongst the King's people will breed some danger, his garrisons at Valenciennes, Bois-le-Duc, Deventer, and Oudewater are already mutined for their pay, and they of Maestricht upon little better points who threaten the townsmen daily of the like unless they take some order that they may be answered. In the late conflict at Zericksee the King had two galleys taken and one ship sunk and the Admiral of the fleet of Dunkirk burnt by the Prince, who had two or three flat boats sunk. The fight was on Friday night, the 13th inst. It is thought at the next spring the Prince will do his uttermost for the succour thereof. The King's forces there are about 4,000 Spaniards, Walloons and Almains. The isle notably fortified with bulwarks, trenches and, ditches, having within every flight shot scout watches. The head is well fortified and kept with six ensigns of Walloons, the passage strongly chained and piled, and within the chains ten of the greatest ships the King has with three great galleys, having besides a bulwark whereon lie six great cannon. It is thought impossible to pass that way, and in a manner impossible to succour them any way else. Sancho D'Avila, who was driven to save himself by wading up to his neck in water, is come sick to Antwerp to make the funeral of his wife. Was lately written to by the Earl of Westmorland, a copy of whose letter he encloses. Refused to deal with him in any sort. Is informed of credit that he is secretly come to this town, and is a daily companion to the Hamiltons who slew the Regent Murray. The English taken at Browershaven have made supplication to him to labour for them, but unless her Majesty gives some order for it there is no hope for their delivery. This week a post from Spain brought a confirmation of the former letters touching the government. The Spaniards who have devotion to return into Spain have passports and good leave offered, but hears of none who make any great haste away. There is a bruit that the Prince's ships to the number of 100 be gotten to the sea. The Turk makes great preparation to come this summer into Hungary. The Genoese be accorded.—Brussels, 21 April 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
April 14.749. The Earl of Westmoreland to Davison.
Expresses his desire to be reconciled to her Majesty's favour, and would be glad to understand if he has any commission to say anything by word of mouth or by letter.—14 April. Signed: Charles Westmoreland.
Copy. Enclosure. P. ¼.
April.750. Supplication of English Prisoners in Antwerp.
1. Having been seized whilst travelling on the seas to seek entertainment and service in foreign countries, by the Spanish navy, being in number 120, some have been sent to the galleys and 55 remain in captivity, they do not know why they should be so used, as they never served against the King or received any pay, but being destitute of service were as ready to serve the King as any other.
2. Note by Davison. "The names of these men I cannot yet come by in particular. Some of them are said to be gentlemen of good friends."
Copy. Enclosure. P ⅓.
April 21.751. Davison to Walsingham.
Containing the same information as that in his letter to Burghley of this state.—Antwerp, 21 April, 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
April 21.752. Advices.
1. From Vienna, 7 April.—Election to the Crown of Poland. The Turkish envoy is waiting for the Emperor's resolution. Recantation of heretics.
2. From Rome, 18 April.—Appointment of Nuncios to Naples and France. Death of the late treasurer of Pius V., leaving great wealth. The cause of the Archbishop of Toledo is finished, and it is said that he will be acquitted. A fatal contagious disease at Mantua.
3. From Venice, 21 April 1576.—Presents for the Turkish envoy. Rumours of the plague.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
April 22.753. John Grey to Lord Burghley.
Having learnt that Holland and Zealand have been offered to the Queen, he wishes she would take them and keep them for the defence of her own country, for then she will be able to beat all princes out of her seas, and all Europe would fear England. The country could be kept from rebellion by a small garrison. The Island of Walcheren, wherein stand several important towns, might be cleared of enemies by cutting the dykes, and the water which ran in at high water would run out at low tide. There is a thousand times more danger in making this peace between the Prince of Orange and the Spaniards than in maintaining wars. The Inquisition of Spain has a long tail, and where they were wont to deal with the Estates of the country they would have to deal with the tail of the Inquisition. Putting this apart, the professors of the gospel ought to seek to destroy idolatry and further the gospel, and with such friendship ought to be kept, and not with Turks and idolators who are blood suckers. If the peace is made the Papists will seek to bring all things to their desire. More, the Spaniards now understanding the great wealth of the country and the nature of the people, how ready they find them to cut one another's throats, and the unspeakable strength of the country, will seek but wars, and afterwards levy such great sums of money with which they would [weary] all the world. If the French once get into the country it will trouble all England and Spain to get them out again. Begs him as a true peer of the realm to weigh the matter and do his best whilst there is time. The King of Spain has restored the country to her privileges, but it will fall out to small benefit if they grant money to cut their own throats in maintaining war in the country. There be certain Englishmen put in a great galley in chains of iron, and have their heads and beards shaven, and will be starved if they so long remain, they have cold cheer and stripes enough. They were taken running towards Newhaven [Browershaven]. Antwerp, 22 April 1576. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 4.
April 23.754. Walsingham to Davison.
The Queen has willed him to signify that she well allows of his manner of proceeding, and that her pleasure is that he shall return at once. She finds by the answer and letter given to him that it is determined to prosecute the matter by the sword, and that they are assured that France will not enter into this action with the Prince, who having no foreign assistance cannot hold out. Finds by his letters that there is neither courage nor judgment in the nobility there, in that they overslip so apt a time to purchase their liberty, who contrary to all reason prosecute the wars against the Prince with more extremity than the Commendator. It is evident that the country will shortly fall under the Spanish yoke, to their utter undoing and the great peril of England.—At the Court, 23 April. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
April 24.755. The Countess of Lennox to Lord Ruthven.
Has received his most natural and friendly letter, and takes no small comfort at his friendly remembrance of her at this time, and "specially to hear of my sweet jewel, the King's Majesty, who the Almighty preserve." This is the first she has written to any since her sons death, having small care of worldly matters. Desires his Lordship's advertisement as to whether her son's daughter is heritable to the land belonging to the earldom of Lennox. Whatever he advises she will do, and till she receives the same will not write to the Regent or other there. Her husband made her good assurance in dower for the most part of the lands of Lennox and Darnley. Prays him to send her a perfect pedigree of the descent of the Earls of Lennox from the first of the House, with arms and matches in marriage, as she is about a monument which requires the help thereof.—Hackney, 24 April 1576.
Copy. Endd. P. 1.
April 24.756. Extract of the Articles of the Peace in France.
1. The King grants public exercise of religion through all his dominions, saving within two leagues of the Court and at Paris.
2. They of the religion shall be declared capable to hold all offices and dignities as indifferently as any of the Catholics.
3. There shall be a Chamber erected in the Court of Parliament at Paris of two presidents and 16 councillors, half Catholic and half of the religion. The like order shall be taken at Poitiers, Grenoble, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Aix, Dijon, Rouen, Rheims.
4. The King of Navarre, the Prince of Condé, Marshal Danville, and all others shall re-enter and be maintained in their governments, estates, and offices in as large and ample manner as they were possessed of before the 24th August 1572.
5. There shall be a general oblivion of all disorders and dissensions on both sides, all decrees, judgments, or proclamations made in reproach or slander shall be revoked and defaced and razed forth of the register, whereby the Admiral and his children shall be restored to their livings and honours, so shall likewise Montgomery, Montbrun, Bricquemault, and Cavagnies.
6. The King shall declare Monsieur, the King of Navarre, and the Prince of Condé to be his good kinsmen, subjects, and servants; and Marshal Danville and all other their associates for his good and true subjects, holding himself sufficiently satisfied of their proceedings.
7. He shall repute and esteem the Count Palatine and Duke Casimir, his son, his good kinsmen and neighbours.
8. The Prince of Condé shall continue in his government of Picardy with all privileges of the same, with the town of Peronne to retire into particularly for his safety.
9. They of the religion shall have eight towns of those they already hold, beside that granted to the Prince of Condé, to be taken at the choice of Monsieur, which towns Monsieur, the King of Navarre, the Prince of Condé, and Marshal Danville shall promise upon their faith and honour to be faithfully kept.
10. It is accorded to them to have 1,200 men of the King's provision to be placed in the said eight towns.
Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
April 25.757. Thomas Randolphe to Lord Burghley.
Takes the peace here to be fully concluded; the most part of the articles agreed upon that were in consultation and subscribed by the King and the Deputies, with which the Queen Mother is gone this day to Monsieur for performance of what is required. No difficulty will be made therein, the necessity being so great on either part. The help of two months' pay might have made it more advantageous to the Duke and his party, and somewhat more to their (English) commodity than presently it is. Has written more at large to the Secretaries. Finds no goodwill in the King that he shall see his brother. Has oft craved audience, but has been divers times put off, specially yesterday, being at the Court, by reason of the King's disease in his eyes, looks to see him this day, to-morrow, or the next.—Paris, 25 April 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ½.
April 25.758. News from France.
The Duke of Maine lies at Estampes, the Duke of Guise at Melun, Duke Casimir not far from Milly, twelve leagues from Paris, the Prince of Condé is between that and Estampes in Beaulieu to receive the King of Navarre, who is past the Loire at Saumur to join with the rest. Monsieur is within sixteen leagues of Paris. Those things which cannot be agreed upon between the King and the Deputies are referred to be concluded in the camp. The Queen Mother, Montpensier, and the Deputies are departed towards the camp, to make the peace there. All the towns as the Prince of Condé and Duke Casimir have come by since their coming from Moulins have opened their gates to them or else compounded with them, one town only excepted, called St. Severin, which Duke Casimir took by assault. Not any of these towns would receive the King's army, for they are worse used by them than by the strangers. The Prince of Condé was like to have taken Estampes had it not been rescued by the Duke of Maine, and yet, notwithstanding, much of the baggage of the King's army was taken, divers slain, and the rest fled till they came to Paris gates, where they made such a flight in the suburbs of St. Marcel on Easter day in the morning that all the town was in alarm as though the enemy had been at the gates.
Endd. P. 1.
April 27.759. Randolphe to Walsingham.
How all matters passed since their last letters by John the Furrier [Willes] he knows by their general letter. Since their last writing such travail such labour has been made on the King's part to all other of the contrary side, that what for necessity not being able to continue on the field, what for pity to see the country so sore spoiled as it is, such murders, such slaughters daily committed, such exclamations and speeches against Casimir as though he should be cause of stay of peace for his own particular commodity of the three towns, Metz, Toul, and Verdun, finds that they in whom the greatest hope was of a steady mind and determined purpose either to have had a most advantageous peace for themselves, that is chiefly for the advancement of religion without exception of place, with utter extirpation of these that were the principal cause of the massacre, are now so far fallen away that they are content with far meaner conditions than before they intended to receive. He may assure himself that the place is taken, the articles concluded and signed this day. For such promises as have been made to the Queen, and specially for money lent to them, doubt not but that she shall have it in time but not in that sort as the words of the contract bind them, and sooner she should have come by that, if according to their expectation and hope that they were put in by letters and words of the Queen that she would not see the Duke quail or lack in his action, she had lent them as much more, whereby they should have been able to continue two months longer in the field, and so to have driven the King to yield to whatsoever she demanded, whereas now they are forced to take what they can get. The Prince of Condé desired and earnestly stood with the King to have had Boulogne, he must now content himself with other place to the like value and not so much to their [English] commodity, and Monsieur also is forced to the like though equal to his demand. To be short, the return of Monsieur Plessis with so meagre an answer from the Queen, and his own slender commission caused on the sudden such aberration of mind and determination that he shall know that what profit soever they can make of this peace is to look well to themselves, and to deal hereafter substantially in time with those whom they think to have any profit by, as at this time was as much to be had to their advantage as ever it was if they had not been so spare in time when it had been most for their profit, either not to have gone so far as they have, or not to have left the cause for a little when there was most need of them. Finds no good will in the King or Queen Mother that he should go to Monsieur; it is not plainly refused, but audience from day to day deferred, and supposing that is his chief errand. The doubt he has the King is minded to send some force into Zealand is more to be feared hereafter than presently. Money he has not, nor his country yet like so to be established, that he will not first thoroughly quiet them that made quarrels abroad. What he most builds upon is that it is nothing of Monsieur's intent, nor is Casimir willing to deal or join with them in any more such bargains, but seeks to have his money and to retire his forces. He deals always like a worthy Prince both in word and deed. For his own return, is uncertain what to do until he has had audience again, which shall be he knows not when, being put off by so many slights as he has been. Loth he is to depart and not see Monsieur, and to know of himself who he takes all matters.—Paris, 25 April 1576. Signed.
P.S.—He sees what lack of money in time has wrought, but yet the case is not so desperate, but if it might be had in time there is life enough both to have Casimir enjoy his three towns, and also the Prince Condé Boulogne, for neither of these two articles are agreed upon but referred to the Duke and for them give their consent. This he learns both of Beauvais and Beuttrich since he wrote his other letters. If there be nothing more for him to do, prays him let him have a word for his return.—25th "after my other letter." Signed.
Add. Endd., by Walsingham. Pp. 32/3.
April 27.760. Thomas Randolphe to Walsingham.
Hopes as matters fall out to be advertised from time to time what is to be done, either more or little, as shall be thought good to the Queen. Cannot but piteously complain that so good occasion to do good both to Christ's religion and themselves is now utterly lost for sparing of a little that with great honour might have been spent. Finds the Queen never had greater friends than presently she has, never so great account made of her doings nor such expectation thereof, nor men more willing at any time to acknowledge it than they are, and now forced for want of a small portion, considering the greatness of the cause, both to leave that undone that most concerned the Queen's profit, and also to yield so far unto their enemies as almost to accept at their hands what they list to impart unto them, or at least far from advancement of the cause which they took in hand and for their own safety. He sees his passion, prays him not take it of choler or of any perverse humour, but of duty towards his dear sovereign and mistress. Sees daily so many ways tending to her greatness, and either unpolitically overthrown or negligently omitted even for nought or little when it was put in her hands. Can say no more than the mad knave in Terence did and so perchance be counted a madder knave himself if his letter come into any other hand, "Doleo bolum tantum oreptum nobis e faucibus," knows not by what means he may "retrahere fugitivum illud argentum," which is he had here in his hands the King should full dear buy his peace, or his good masters of Paris should find their houses very hot that by no means will be content that Christ shall be preached in their town or suburbs. Now that he has disgorged himself with a little toy of mirth he will make an end.—Paris, 27 April 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. by Walsingham. P. 1½.
April 28.761. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
Treaty of peace goes forward and a truce is made for eight days, to end the 29th. The Duke of Guise is returned to the Court lest he should procure some rencontre to disturb the peace. The King seeks money to content the strangers; he is put in hope to have 500,000 crowns of the Genoese upon the assurance of the Duke of Savoy, who shall have the King's jewels in gage. The King is constrained to make fair weather with the Cardinals and the faction of the Guises to entreat them to be contented with this peace. He has desired them to subscribe to the articles of the peace, but they utterly refuse. The difficulty will be how they can agree upon the sum and assurance, for the strangers do look for a great sum; and they demand some towns in pledge, from the which it will be hard to bring them if they be not constrained by necessity for want. The King has deferred his answer for the going of Mr. Randolphe to Monsieur on Monday next that he may hear from the Queen Mother. Have burdened him with the ships that are gone, and that the Queen must be constrained to set forth ships on her part to keep her subjects from spoiling.— Paris, 28 April 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
April 29.762. William Davison to Walsingham.
There is news of the levying of 36 ensigns of footmen and 1,000 horsemen under the Count Vandenburgh, who are already marching by Wesell towards Bommel, and so into Holland. The King's men-at-arms are sent towards Nimeguen to hinder their passage, and after them are gone two ensigns of Spaniards from Tergoes. They were not suffered to stay in Antwerp, but were received at one gate, and conducted directly out at the other. The Prince has come with all the force he can make towards Zericksee, and has already landed certain pioneers and soldiers in Ameland and Duiveland, who have begun to cut dikes, to the great annoy of the King's folk. He has also brought part of his fleet up to Barrowhead, and stopped the passages, so that no victual can come to the camp. Mondragon on Monday night last sent for the Spaniards and others lying in garrison in different towns to come to the camp. Sancho D'Avila is likewise gone thither with 60 Spaniards, and with him Fugger with 100 High Dutch, whose men already begin to trust to their heels as men not very well disposed to fight. There came a herald and a trumpet yesterday sent from the Lords of the Council to Zericksee. Yesterday was sent from this town to Barrow 18,000 crowns for the soldiers' pay, and 60,000 more are to be sent to Utrecht. It is given out that the King has delivered out in Spain 300,000li to be sent here, but this is not commonly believed. The Estates of Brabant are to meet again soon about money matters. A messenger has arrived out of France to the Prince of Orange, of whose negotiation there is, some jealousy. The Emperor is on his way to Inspruck to hold a Diet, and afterwards shall depart into Poland to take possession of his new Kingdom.—Antwerp, 29 April 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
763. Copy of the above.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
April.764. Demands of Don John of Austria.
First that he may have certain companies appointed as his guard under officers of his own selection. That there shall be a cessation from arms. That the nobles and prelates should come to Namur to receive him and present him with the keys. That the council of State should come there also to handle the matters concerning the pacification and redress of affairs. He has openly declared that he has authority and will to retire the Spaniards and other strangers, and that he will maintain the ancient privileges and grant all the states, demand saving innovations in religion and the Kings authority.
Rough draft. Endd.: Demands of Don John of Austria.— April 1576. Fr. P. 1.