1. FRANCISCO GIRALDI to WALSINGHAM.
At my audience of her Majesty last Thursday, she desired me
to make the same representations to the Council as I had done to
her. Please let me know what time will be convenient to them.—
Charterhouse, 1 July 1577.
Add. Endd. by L. Tomson. Italian. 12 lines. [Port. I. 1.]
K. d. L. ix.
2. M. DE FAMARS to DAVISON.
After apologies for not writing sooner ; the first thing his
Excellency said to me on my return was that he had not yet
received the "cuivre" which he was to have through the means
of the Earl of Leicester. Kindly say a word to the Earl on the
subject, and beg him to regard me as his most devoted servant.
There is not much news from these parts. Things are going
on well, and the people resolved to be loyal to his Excellency.
The bearer of this accompanies M. de Viliers, a minister of the
French Church.—Alkmaar, 3 July 1577. [Holl. and Fland. I. 1.]
Add. Endd. Fr. 1½. pp.
||3. The LORDS of the COUNCIL to the PRINCE OF ORANGE.
At your request we persuaded her Majesty without taking other
measures to content herself with the agreement made between
the Estates of Holland and Zealand and the merchants of Ipswich,
resulting in the contract made between them and M. Taffin in
your name on the 19th of last November ; M. Taffin promising to
satisfy the Estates in a few days or to return here and submit
to her Majesty. She sent with him a letter to yourself begging
you to do all you could to satisfy them, failing which, she must
provide her subjects with means of reprisal. Since that time
we have not ceased to keep her in a good opinion of you, hoping
that satisfaction might be given to the merchants. But seeing
that their affair moves slowly, to their great expense, and is in so
great arrear in spite of all the efforts of their representative, we
have thought good at their request to write this word to you in
their favour, begging that, if you would have us intercede with her
Majesty on your behalf, you would take order that satisfaction be
given them without further delay. If you act as we anticipate, you
will never find us ungrateful in any matter wherein we can testify
our affection. (Signed) Willm. Burghley, Ed. Lincolne, Thomas
Sussex, Franc. Knols, Franc. Walsingham.
Copy by Lawrence Tomson. 1 p. [For. E. B. Misc. II.]
4. The LORDS of the COUNCIL to the ESTATES of HOLLAND AND
Same tenor as the last, but rather more peremptory.
Copy. ½ p. [Ibid.]
K. d. L. ix.
|5. The STATES GENERAL to THE QUEEN.
It has been a matter of great rejoicing to see by your Majesty's
letter of June 20 that you still bear the same affection to us.
We cannot sufficiently thank your Majesty for your good offices,
and entreat you to continue them. Dr. Wilson, now returning,
will testify more fully our desire to render your Majesty service.
(Signed) Cornelius Weellemans.—Brussels, 6 July 1577.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. 1½ pp. [Holl. and Fland.
Copy of the above in hand of Fremyn [?] and endd. by the
same. [Ibid. I. 3.]
K. d. L. ix.
6. M. DE CHAMPAGNY to THE QUEEN.
Dr. Wilson, your Majesty's ambassador, being on the point of
returning, has promised to assure your Majesty of my devotion
to your service. Having heard both from him and from the
Governor of the Isle of Wight, who were both welcome here, that
you had enquired after my fortunes, I venture to write these few
words. I shall always desire your Majesty's prosperity no less
than that of the King my master ; for the servants of one royal
house ought to wish well to, and do their best for, the other.—
Brussels, 6 July 1577. (Signed) F. Perrenot Champagney.
Add. Endd. by L. Tomson. Fr. 1½ pp. [Ibid. I. 4.]
K. d. L. ix.
7. M. DE HEZE to THE QUEEN.
Thanks for aid given to the country, and hopes for continuance
of the same.
(Signed) Guillaume de Hornes.
Add. Endd. by L. Tomson. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid. I. 5.]
8. DISPATCHES sent by the VISCOUNT OF GHENT.
(1.) The Queen to Don John.
We received your letter by this bearer, the Viscount of Ghent,
and heard with great contentment the news he brought from you
as to the settlement of the troubles which you found at your
arrival, and the joy of the country at your occupation as governor.
In regard to your future proposals we have given him such reply
as we hope you will find reasonable, and proceeding from one who
desires nothing more than a continuance of the friendship existing
so throughout between us and our good brother the King of Spain.
—Greenwich, 3 July 1577.
(2.) Reply of her Majesty to the negotiations of the Viscount
Expresses satisfaction as above, than which she never
received any more grateful, and thanks Don John for sending
the news. The poor people will now be able to rest and recover
breath. She never means to turn aside from the path on which
she has entered, of preferring peace to war, and the mutual love
of Kings and people to their mutual hatred. The Viscount of
Ghent says that matters had not progressed as far as might be
wished, and the completion of the edifice so well begun depends
on the Prince of Orange. Her Majesty regrets infinitely even to
hear of any delay in so good a work. Without any intention of
discrediting this statement, she begs that she may not be compelled
to condemn the Prince without hearing him in his own
defence. For his reply to the deputies sent by Don John makes
her hope well of him, and she reserves her further judgement till
time shews the truth.
As for Phipson, who cruises about as a pirate, falsely asserting
that he has letters from her Majesty authorising him to attack
those of Ostend, she declares that though in the past she thought
him an honest man, and had him set free last year when
imprisoned on a charge of piracy, of which he cleared himself,
yet if the said Phipson falls into the hands of the ships that she
is now commissioning to repress piracy, and is found guilty
of a breach of the peace, she will have exemplary justice done
on him. 6 July.
(3.) Memorandum handed to the Viscount of Ghent for the
That compensation be made for the losses sustained by them
at the sack of Antwerp by the Spanish soldiers, owing to the
refusal of the Estates to give them license to leave the city,
contrary to the ancient privileges and traditions. And that the
new impositions laid on them by their ordinance of Dec. 28, 1576,
be removed, as contravening the treaties of 1495, 1520, and
(4.) The Queen to the Estates, by the Viscount of Ghent.
We thank you for your letter, and the benefit you have wrought
in tranquillizing your countries. You will always find us prompt
and willing to maintain the good friendship between our kingdom
and your countries which has been seen from age to age. Greenwich,
Copy. Fr. 3 pp. [For. E. B. Misc. II.]
9. AN ORDER by the EMPEROR OF MOROCCO.
Whereas information has reached us on the part of Don
Egmondt [sic:—Edmond Hogan] ambassador of the Queen
of England, that the English merchants trading in this
country are hindered by the owners of sugar-factories,
who will not supply them with sugar at the proper
time, we order all persons who have received from them
clothes or money in payment for sugar, within three years
following the date of this to pay the whole in the first sugars that
enter, or if they have not got them, to return the money.
Certificates by the hand of public notaries and signed by the
Sheik Azdan [?], or by Abraham Pertal, or by Daud ben Brahen
and his son, may be accepted as evidence that the English
merchants have received their money or their sugar. Given in
our Court of Morocco, July 7 1577.
Copy. Endd. by Laurence Tomson, "The English merchants
to be paid within three years . . for all such sums of money
and clothes as they have bartered to the Jews for sugar, either in
sugar or in money." Sp. ½ p. [Morocco, I. 1.]
10. The QUEEN to the LORD KEEPER.
We are sending commissioners to Embden, to treat with those
from the King of Denmark upon certain differences relating to
former treaties. Some of these are in the Tower, and some in
the Treasury, and copies of them are to be taken, and "exemplified,"
under the Great Seal for the use of the Commissioners.
Those in the Treasury to be guaranteed by the signature of the
Treasurer, those in the Tower by that of Thomas Hennage, keeper
of the records there.—Greenwich, 9 July 1577.
Copy. ½ p. [For. E. B. Misc. II.]
11. ARTICLES from DON JOHN to the ESTATES, and THEIR
ANSWER to the SAME.
1. His Highness wishes only to
return to them soon, to give them
all the help he can ; as he fully
means to do as soon as the
arrangements for dismissing the
Germans are so far advancing
that his presence is no longer
The Estates after mature deliberation,
wishing only to do
their duty towards his Highness,
thank him for his sincerity and
cordial affection towards them,
beg him to continue it, and get
the negotiation about the Germans
over as soon as possible,
that he may at once return to
them and prosecute and settle the
affairs of these poor desolated
2. But learning that sundry ill
reports are spread touching his
good intentions, which he has
shown in act sufficiently to remove
all distrust, the Spaniards
and strangers being by this
arrived in Italy, he thinks that
steps should first be taken to put
a stop to these rumours.
The Estates are extremely
grieved to hear it. The rumours
can only proceed from a malignant
desire to disturb the public
peace. The best way to stop
them would be to write to the
magistrates to renew and execute
the proclamation to that end decreed.
The Estates hope that if
his Highness was with them, as
he desires, it would make this
3. First, orders to be at once
given through the Estates of
Brabant to disband the regiments
of M. de Floyon, who are reported
to have given cause for tumult
['alberot'] to the people of that
town, together with those of
Count Egmont, and MM. de
Hèze and Beersel, who though
disbanded are still in troops about
the country. Some gratuity had
better be given them to induce
them to withdraw, as in the other
Brabant would have done
like the other provinces if its
Estates had not been short of
money. The Estates General
have several times called upon
them, and the chief pressure of
them falls on Brabant ; nor is
there any doubt that these Estates
are doing all they can, just
as the Estates General are always
labouring to do the same with the
regiments of M. de Floyon, and
the others which are kept up at
the cost of the people, to their
unspeakable regret. Of M. de
Beersele's regiment only one
company still remains, that at
Maestricht, with the knowledge
and approval of his Highness.
4. And as the evil rumours
probably emanate from malignant
spirits, restless foreigners,
and heretics who only want to
introduce distrust and disorder,
inquiry should be made, and
they should be caused to retire
from the town.
The Estates have no idea of
permitting or encouraging any
disturbers of the public peace.
This can best be remedied by
writing to the magistrates of the
towns as suggested to the second
5. That the Estates should take
steps to keep their business
secret, and to that end should
allow no one to be present
amongst them who has not been
lawfully deputed, and sworn not
to reveal any matters under consideration.
The supreme desire which
the Estates have to secure the
effecting of this is proved by the
fact that all the deputies, and
even down to the lowest clerk, are
sworn to keep all proceedings
secret ; and they pledge themselves
that no one will be admitted
save deputies or attorneys
for the provinces.
6. And whereas it is said that a
foreigner, a Frenchman by birth,
takes a prominent part in the
proceedings as agent to the
Prince of Orange, this should be
at once seen to ; and if the
Prince desires to be represented
there, he should employ a native
of the country, since it is not meet
that a foreigner should know the
secrets of the Estates.
The Estates have never admitted
any agent of the Prince of
Orange to their meetings, nor
sent him any report or copy of
their transactions ; but have
often, by letters of which M. de
Baesdorp was the bearer, called
upon the provinces of Holland
and Zealand to send deputies for
the more prompt settlement of
matters depending in those
7. That on all occasions the
Estates will address themselves
frankly to his Highness, as he
will do to them ; checking all
false reports and malignant interpretations
of good actions and
intentions such as are disseminated
by certain evil and restless
spirits to increase distrust and
keep the country in troubles.
This has always been the
chief desire of the Estates, and
their constant practice. They
have indicated their view as to
the best way to check false
rumours. At the same time they
beg his Highness not to lend evidence
too readily to all reports,
and in order to take away all
cause for them from the people,
to remove from his court all
adherents present or past of the
mutineers ; which they hope will
greatly reduce the causes for
suspicious and sinister apprehensions.
Endd. Copy. Fr. 2 pp. [Holl. and Fland. I. 6.]
12. Another copy. Endd. by Wilson. Fr. 3 pp. [Ibid.
13. OFFER of TROOPS to the QUEEN.
Captain Nicolas of Limborch, called Oegst, having borne
singular affection to your Majesty and your crown for 38 years,
during which he has served your late father and brother, and
considering the present tumults and dangers in the world, as
I declared to your ambassador, Dr. Wilson, wishes to represent
by what means your Majesty might promptly have a large force
of horse and foot, both Germans and Walloons, as you will see
from the subjoined list of names of gentlemen, colonels and
captains, with their reputed residences. Your Majesty can choose
such of them as you please, and if you do not need to employ
them at once, you can retain them by a small pension. The
informant will negotiate the affair with your ambassador.
[A long list of names follows ; Franz, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg,
"who will not be employed for the Inquisition," Count Wolrat
of Mansfeldt, "who has been lieutenant of reiters to the Duke
of Deux-Ponts," Jehan van Ters, lord of Weremont Puttingen
and Wildvich, "who has been colonel of 1,500 horse in France
for the Prince of Condé," Steenbach, "who was colonel of the
city of Haarlem when the Duke of Alva was encamped before
it,"—63 in all, from Westphalia, the Rhine, Cleves, Liège, &c].
All these are tried colonels and captains of good family, having
much nobility at their command to do you service. You can
have them on moderate terms for so long as you please ; as the
aforesaid Captain Oost told your ambassador, and he would desire
to be your agent in this matter, for any pension your Majesty
pleases. It is 17 years since he held the office of colonel to the
King of Sweden, and those named apply to him on account of
the wide acquaintance he has always had among colonels, captains,
and military people.
Copy (?). Fr. 10 pp. stitched. [Ibid. I. 31.]
K. d. L. ix.
14. WILSON to [WALSINGHAM].
I went to Don John at Mechlin on the 3rd and told him of my
recall. He said he was sorry, assuring me that for his part he
would do all service possible to her Majesty during his life. He
heaped up so many good words of his affection to our Sovereign
as it was marvellous. Next day I went to Brussels ; and delivered
her Majesty's letter to the States.
I have dealt particularly with many for her Majesty's money
at the day, and have thrice written to M. Sweveghem, whose
answer I enclose. M. Champagny showed me more favour than he
has done hitherto, and commonly in company of M. de Hèze,
Count Egmont, M. de Barcelie [Beersel], M. de Capres, M.
de Fersin and others that are the best patriots. . . . . M.
d'Assonville, who professes to be as good a patriot as the others.
The Estates would have Escovedo and Ottavio Gonzaga from
him [Don J.] with some others, which offends him sorely, and
"it was said he would not return to Brussels till M. de Hèze had
left down his guard, and that the burgesses would take the
watchword of the burgomaster, and lastly that Theron were
banished from Brussels."
The French ambassador being now at Mechlin, told me that he
goes to meet the Queen of Navarre, who would be at Mons on
Friday next, accompanied by the Prince de la Roche-sur-Yon and
certain Bishops, but whether the Bishop of Glasgow be in her
company I cannot tell. Don John has given out that he will go
to Namur to meet her this day week.
Don John has not yet agreed with the "Alemans." Those at
Antwerp, Breda, Bergen, Bois-le-Duc, and Ruremonde are thought
to be 18,000.
I send the copy of the Prince's letter to the Estates. Mr.
Rogers goes from hence to him to-morrow. As I came this day
from Mechlin I spoke with one lately from Paris, and he says
that Lansac was taken upon the sea, and is now in Rochelle
prisoner. Our rebels meet at Paris about the end of this month,
old Norton being come thither from Rome, his son George having
had letters from Don John in his favour to the Duke of Guise.
President Sasbout, in the place of Viglius, is gone with Baron
Grobbendonck and Doctor Leoninus to Friesland, to persuade the
people to accept Count Bossu for their governor, and to refuse
M. de Ville. I think they will not prevail. I fear that great
troubles will shortly grow in this country.
The 23rd of June the Spaniards were at Chambéry in Savoy,
and it is said that the Duke will use them against Geneva.—Antwerp,
7 July 1577.
Add. Endd. by L. Tomson. 3 pp. [Holl. and Fland. I. 8.]
K. d. L. ix.
15. M. DE SWEVEGIIEM to WILSON.
I have received your letters, in three languages, of yesterday
and the day before, asking me to secure the repayment of the
Queen's loan. I did what I could before leaving Brussels, and
am still doing all I can. To impress upon the Deputies of the
States-General how much they owe to her Majesty for coming so
liberally to their assistance I have sent your letters to them.
If they fail to pay I think they will shorten my life by reason
of the discredit it will do me with a princess who has been
good to me. This I trust you will let her know, that she may
hold me blameless.
"Quinimo, quod unum possum, opportune, importune institi et
instabo apud Ordines ut fidem meam ipsorum jussu Serenissimae
Reginae obstrictam liberent ; neque dubito quin facturi sint. Vale
quam rectissime, clarissime domine orator, mei memor."—Lichtervelde,
27 June 1577. (Signed.) François de Halewyn.
P.S.—As you like French verses, I send you a sonnet on the
peace, which has just reached me. If you think it good enough,
show it to our common friends.
Add. Endd. by Wilson. Fr. 1½ pp. Enclosure in Wilson's
of July 7. [Holl. and Fland. I. 9.]
16. The PRINCE OF ORANGE to the ESTATES.
There is none of you but must see that the pacification of
Ghent was the sole and sovereign remedy for the calamities into
which our country had been brought, that it has in some measure
turned aside the yoke of the foreign tyranny which it was sought
to impose on us and our children for ever.
Equally well known to all is the way in which I have freely
risked my friends, my goods, or my life, as well as the promptitude
and good faith with which the Estates of Holland and Zealand
have laboured in the cause, having with their own bodies, lives,
and means built the bridge by which such great benefits have
Nevertheless, since by means of sinister practices, other persons,
ill-disposed toward the country, and wishing only to arrive at a
high position by its ruin, are trying to revive the former dissensions,
the benefits we have received from the favour of God may
soon be forgotten.
Thus my duty to the country and my desire to serve you, bid
me pray and exhort you seriously that if all else is disregarded
and forgotten, you will continually keep before your eyes the
benefits which the country has received by the pacification, and
thus understand, what is the truth, that as the hope which each
one has conceived of seeing the country re-established in peace
and prosperity commenced with it, so the only way of bringing
that commencement to a good issue is the entire and complete
observation of its terms.
This is why I pray you to see to it that the pacification may
in the end be thoroughly carried out. Up to now, it looks as if
we held only the shadow and the appearance of it, not the truth
and the body ; wherefore we are deprived of the principal fruit of
it, namely a firm conjunction and sincere amity with an assured
confidence on your part toward the others. At the present time,
as we have more fully pointed out to M. van Grobbendonck and
Dr. Leoninus your deputies, we see neither goods restored, nor
the governors reunited, nor the foreigners who declared themselves
the greatest enemies of the country, and pillaged and sacked the
goods of its inhabitants, withdrawn, nor prisoners set at liberty,
nor exiles allowed to return, nor ancient privileges restored. It
seems even that new practices are on foot, and that the authority
of the Estates is being trampled on, while those who are the cause
of the same are replaced in credit ; nay, that an attempt is even
being made to put in full force again the placard about the
exercise of the Religion, by setting up again the scaffolds to
tyrannize over men's consciences, and thus make the dissensions
which have led to all our calamities spring up again. If you
consider these things you will easily judge of their ill effects,
which it is to be feared, if you do not take order for the real
accomplishment of the pacification, will land us in a worse place
than we were in before.
Besides this, you will lose the reputation that you have acquired
among foreign nations by your heroism when they see you leave
incomplete a business so important to your welfare, and open the
door to those who will assuredly take vengeance on you and
reduce you to a more intolerable subjection than ever. They will
think that what you have done up to now was more the result of
groundless impatience, than of a fixed purpose and magnanimous
resolution, and the benevolence they have shown you will turn to
hatred and contempt. This you can avoid by getting the pacification
thoroughly carried into effect, which I expect you most
seriously to do.
I must not omit to tell you that we have been informed that
some of our ill-wishers have spread a report that we were levying
war against those of Amsterdam, or treating them with hostility,
whereas we admit them freely, neither more nor less than other
inhabitants of Holland, although when our people go to their
town, they make them lay aside their arms. They are
even treating of satisfaction. We have granted them all that they
could have on condition that they would unite with those of
Holland, in arranging their general charges and imposts, and
leave off all forms of hostility as by the pacification they are bound
to do ; which was the principal reason, why the article as to
satisfaction was inserted in that treaty. If they show themselves
to what is so equitable, they let it be seen that they have no
great desire to maintain the peace of the country, as MM.
Grobbendonck and Leoninus and other gentlemen sent by his
Highness may have seen and recognized. Of this I have thought
good to warn you, that you take order for the peace and repose
of the country.
Enclosure. Copy. Endd. Fr. 2 pp. [Holl. and Fland. I. 10.]
17. THE QUEEN to the LORD KEEPER.
Instructions to cause the Prothonotary in Chancery to
"exemplify in fair writing" certain treaties formerly made
between Denmark and England for the use of the Commissioners
about to be sent to Embden to confer with Danish Commissioners.
½ p. [For. E. B. Misc. II.]
18. Another copy in later hand, wrongly dated July 19.
Endd. 1 p. [Denmark I. 1.]
19. NOTE FROM SPAIN.
We cannot go upon the walls nor upon the hill to see our ships
as we were wont to do before the embargo time out of mind. We
can wear no kind of weapon, but every soldier takes
it from us and puts us in prison, and make us pay
3 or 4 ducats whenever they please. If by mishap any
of us die, they will not put us in a grave unless we
make "provance" of our baptism and when we were confessed.
Otherwise we are cast out like dogs in the fields. If they owe
us any money for such goods as we deal with them for by word of
mouth, when we come to recovery of the same we are not believed
on our oath, nor is any credit given to proof which comes out of
England against them ; and it is not eight days since it was alleged
publicly in a petition against John Snowe of Bridgewater, here in
this town, by a letrado of the town. In March of this year came
hither one Golston of Plymouth, who keeps a victualling house
there, in a small bark of 28 tons, and brought with him a quantity
of cast pieces of iron, with shot, carriages, ladles, and other furniture
belonging to them ; they were saker and minion falcons and
falconers ; and here did sell the pieces with their furniture to both
Spaniards and Frenchmen who account to be our mutual enemies.
We heard it publicly said on the quay of San Sebastian by Frenchmen
and Bretons that one of them had bought five pieces of cast
iron, and told his fellows that he had them of an Englishman.
—San Sebastian, 10 July 1577.
Endd.: Bernard Bedford his note concerning the misusage that
the English nation do receive in Spain. 2 pp. [Spain, I. 1.]
20. POULET to WALSINGHAM.
Monsieur being persuaded that the bloody and fiery fame of
Issoire would move their neighbours to submission, marched
towards Maruzes [sic : qy. Marvéjols], where the inhabitants being
resolved to abide all extremities Monsieur thought good to leave
them in peace, and marcheth now towards Périgueux, but to what
end is not yet known, his army being so weakened with loss before
Issoire and by retire of great number of gentlemen, as some thinke
he doth not intend to take any new enterprise in hande until he
hath spoken to the king. Some worthy of credit have assured
me that he hath not now 2,000 men in his army.
The Duke of Guise came hither from the Camp the 4th of this
month, and it is said that he goes shortly to Champagne, accompanied
by Schomberg and others.
The Duke of Mayne has done no great things before Brouage ;
and some think he has no hope of better speed there, the Cardinal
of Guise having said openly of late that the Englishmen arm by
sea, and intend to come to Rochelle, and that he doubted of his
Those of Rochelle have been said to be stronger on the sea than
the King, so that Lansac hath prayed aid of ships and men, but
it is now said that he hath received of late great supplies, and that
those of Rochelle are the weaker and that their ships are retired
to Rochelle. If Lansac is allowed to come with his ships quietly
to Brouage it is to be feared that peace will be in danger.
M. Strozzy was sent by the Duke of Mayne with supplies of
men to the young Lansac, and in his return, passing near Ryon
[? Royan], la Guiche desired to refresh himself in a village of his
own inheritance, where the said Guiche and Caylus, two of the
King's best beloved, were taken in their beds by those of Ryon,
so that the late taking of the son of the Duke of Nemours is
thought to be sufficiently recompensed. The young Carouges, and
Condrake, lieutenant to la Guiche, are also slain by the like
surprise. Paleseau, captain of 50 men-at-arms, Apremont, one
of the esquires to Queen-Mother, and others being lodged some
4 or 5 leagues from St. John d'Angely the 3rd of this month, those
of the town issued out upon them in the night, slew the watch,
found the companies sleeping in their beds, and killed Paleseau,
Apremont, and all their followers, saving some fewe which were
taken prisoners, of which number were Montigny, Serilacq, and
M. d'Alayn, Count of Faukenbergh, came hither Ambassador
from Don John the 4th of this month, of whose negotiation I can
learn no certainty, the doings here being carried with such
secrecy that many great counsellors here are little acquainted with
them. But there is an opinion that the Ambassador comes to
inform the King that the Prince of Orange begins to arm, that
he is secretly supported by many of the Estates of that country,
that Amsterdam is in peril to be lost, that Don John shall be
constrained to use the help of foreign force, and therefore prays
that the King will not be jealous of his preparations, that the
Spaniards lately departed may have free passage through France
to return into the Low Countries if need so require. And if the
Prince of Orange and his confederates shall upon any surmise
desire the King's aid, that he will reject them as rebels to the
King of Spain. The Duke of Guise has resorted to this
ambassador twice in his lodging, and therefore I fear there be
some worse matter in hand. The ambassador has had many
The treaty of peace holds between the King and the King of
Navarre. Villeroy arrived here from the King of Navarre the
4th of this month, with the articles of his demands, and is now
upon the point of returning. The demands are said to be to this
effect, that the exercise of religion be admitted in all provinces,
governments, towns, and other places throughout the realm, and
in the houses of all gentlemen that will desire it, excepting only
those towns in which are courts of Parliament, Archbishopricks
and bearing the title of Bishoprick ; That himself be restored to
the full and peaceable possession of his government in Guyenne,
and that the town of Angoulême be delivered unto him for his
place of residence ; That the Prince of Condé be likewise restored
to his government in Picardy, and that the town of Péronne be
delivered unto him for his residence ; That the Chambres mi-parties
be released, and instead thereof those of the religion to have their
recourse in causes of controversy to the Great Council.
The King is incensed to war many ways, and especially by the
Pope's Nuncio and Petruzzi, ambassadors from the Duke of Tuscany,
who are said to contribute very liberally in men and money.
If any great thing were done in Languedoc, the King would
be the first that would reveal it to the ambassadors.
(In cipher) : The emulation is great who shall command the
army against the reiters perchance some very [qy. Veres ; but the
letter-book has : "some matter may follow of it")] may follow it.
I have not yet sent your letters and have not great hope to do it
(P.S. autograph.) This discourse enclosed will partly decipher
the present state of the King of Navarre ; wherein no mention is
made of Rochelle, St. John d'Angely, Brouage, Pons, and some
other things in those parts, neither of Languedoc, Dauphine, etc.
Poictiers, July 10.
Add. Endd. pp. 2½. [France, I. 1.]
21. ARTICLES and CONDITIONS of PEACE to be Agreed Upon
Between the FRENCH KING and the KING OF NAVARRE.
On June 19 M. de Foix saw the King of Navarre in presence
of the Deputies, and explained that the terms now offered did not
satisfy M. de Mont[pensier ?], being far less than what the said
King and his counsel had offered already. His Majesty offered
the following :
That the Edict of Pacification remain in force.
That in towns, villages, &c., belonging to Catholic Lords and
noblemen the exercise of the so-called Reformed Religion
should only be carried on by their permission.
Similarly in Archiepiscopal and Episcopal towns, save where it
exists at present.
In frontier and garrison towns foreigners and strangers shall not
be admitted to the prêches.
No exercise of the Religion in towns where there is a Parliament.
The King of Navarre to restore the Catholic worship in places
where it has been interrupted.
Chambres mi-parties to be restored to the number of four for the
whole of France, and established in towns where Courts of
Parliament do not sit.
The King of Navarre promised to use his influence to get those
of the Reformed Religion to accept these terms, and to that end
to lay them before the Churches.
On June 26 the King of Navarre and the deputies of the
Reformed Religion, after expressions of fidelity and confidence in
the King and recognition of the allegiance due by them to him,
That the last edict with the secret articles then granted, and any
that may result from the present conferences, may be treated
as one, and really carried into effect, as regards both his
Majesty's subjects, and the promises made to foreigners. All
indemnities, amendments, and declarations made in the former
edict to be repeated.
The said edicts to be announced to the Parliament of Paris by
his Majesty in a Bed of Justice, and to all other Parliaments
through deputies appointed by him. They are to be regarded
as laws of the State, and his Majesty to renounce all promises,
oaths, &c., obtained or to be obtained contrary to them. And
that if by importunity or otherwise his Majesty shall be
brought to do, command, or ordain anything to the prejudice
of the said edicts, he consents to its not being obeyed.
Without prejudice to the King's authority, foreign princes and
others his allies, notably the Queen of England, the King of
Scotland, Duke Casimir, the Landgrave of Hesse to take a
share in the conclusion of peace as sponsor for the common
safety, and that the edict when published be sent for to them
to be embodied in the terms of their alliances.
That Courts of Parliament, municipal bodies, Lords, noblemen,
and all dwellers in town or country, swear to observe the
edicts, and in case of contravention thereof be treated as rebels
and disturbers of the public peace, and deprived of all
privileges collectively and individually, their goods being
That in every bailiwick and seneschalry two noblemen of either
religion shall be selected by the King and King of Navarre
respectively, to consult together and take such steps as may
be necessary for the maintenance of peace and concord.
Officers of police to be appointed equally from both religions,
and both to be summoned alike to all elections and deliberations.
The exercise of both religions to be under the sole authority of
the King, and preachers and ministers to be strictly forbidden
to use defamatory or seditious language. The Bishops and
Consistories to be respectively responsible.
That all leagues, associations, and confraternities made under
pretext of religion be annulled, all documents and regulations
of such confraternities be placed in his Majesty's hands, and
no more be allowed to be made.
That six months after the execution of the edict his Majesty shall
hold a general assembly in any town he may select, and
summon to it four notables from each of the 12 provinces,
viz. two nobles and two commoners, chosen half from the
Catholics, half from the Reformed, to advise as to the best
means for maintaining the edicts in force.
Until the edict is in full working, the King of Navarre and his
party to remain in undisturbed possession of the places now
held by them ; afterwards all places to be restored to their
original state, but no governor or garrison to be admitted
except where they existed in the time of Francis I. and
Towns formerly placed in the hands of Monsieur or of the King of
Navarre, by way of security, to be left in the hands of the
latter, as substitutes for La Charité and Issoire.
Two towns in each province to be handed over to the King of
Navarre in place of towns granted or "appanaged" to him.
All which towns the King of Navarre promises to keep in subjection
and obedience to the King, and as sureties only.
That it may please his Majesty to forward to the town of .........
200,000 crowns as an assurance of his good-will and a pledge
for the execution of the edicts.
The King of Navarre and the Prince of Condé to remain actual
governors of the provinces formerly entrusted to them, and in
full enjoyment of such powers as are proper to governors and
lieutenant-generals of the King ; and with Angoulême and
Péronne as their residences.
The King of Navarre to provide for the governments of towns and
places subject to him, and notably for the counties of Foix
The King to allow the King of Navarre and the Prince of Condé
3,000 infantry to keep up the garrisons of the towns aforesaid.
Copy. Endd. Fr. 5½ pp. [France, I. 2.]
22. POULET to WALSINGHAM.
Cannot thank you enough for your letter to Mr. Jacomo. When
time and occasion serve, I trust you will have him in remembrance.
This bearer never had intention of staying here with me. He
has resolved to follow the Duke of Guise into Champagne, the
two young Veres, Denny, and Walter Williams, servants to the
Earl of Oxford do the like. This bearer was resolved to have
followed Danville, and said no less to the gentlemen of my company,
which proves that he never meant to stay with me. And
thus both you and I are honestly discharged of this matter, thanks
be to God. (In autograph) : Please deal with Mr. Henneage to
shew some favour to my messengers, the journey is long.
Poictiers, July 10 (altered from 9).
P.S.—You will do well to shew Mr. Jacomo's letters to my Lord
of Leicester, and if her Majesty saw them, I do not see that she
could be offended at them.
I had thought to have dispatched this bearer last evening. But
this other matter came so suddenly, and late after noon that I
could not dispatch him till this morning.
The packet enclosed for Scotland was sent to me signed and
1 p. [France, I. 3.]
23. COMMISSION given by the PRINCE OF CONDE to M.
D'ARGENLIEU and M. DE LA PERSONNE to negotiate
with HER MAJESTY and DUKE CASIMIR for aid. (fn. 1)
Whereas the disorders of this kingdom are increasing, and any
overtures of peace that may be made have no other end than to
put us at such disadvantage that we may be subjected as in the
past to the faithlessness of our enemies, with no hope of better
treatment ; and as the only means we see of obtaining such a
peace as is needed for the tranquillity of our Churches lies in
fortifying ourselves by the aid of Christian potentates, zealous
for the advancement of God's glory ; for these and other weighty
treasons, being unable to make choice of better persons than
Loys de Hangest, Viscount of Argenlieu, and François de la
Fersonne, lord of the same, we have given them full power to
treat with the Queen of England and Duke John Casimir, to
obtain the succour that we hope from their good will, in money,
men, ships, and other things. And to this end it should be considered
what means there are of entering into a league, such as
our enemies have formed against us.—La Rochelle, 12 June 1577.
(Signed) Henry de Bourbon. (Countersigned) Hugerye.
Copy. Fr. 1 p. [For. E. B. Misc. II.]