K. d. L. ix.
242. DAVISON to WALSINGHAM.
Last night was the time limited for the return of the Commissioners
from Don John. I learn only that they have signified to
the Estates the hope they have to return with good satisfaction
at all points. Meanwhile I half suspect a patched peace for the
The Commissioners sent hither to his Excellency (a copy of
whose instructions with his answer I send herewith) have been
so importune to have him to Brussels, as argues a jealousy of his
being here. He has agreed to go with them, but would first hear
what train matters take at Namur. The remembrance of the
Admiral's unhappy chance at Paris increases his diffidence and
circumspection. It pleased his Excellency last night to discourse
with me at length what had passed between the Commissioners
and him, wherein he prayed my opinion ; but I told him he could
nowhere seek in this case counsel better than of himself. In turn
I found him resolved to go forwards if the news from Brussels be
not such as give him cause to alter his purpose.
The surrender of Bois-le-Duc is true ; but I have not seen the
conditions, which his Excellency promised to send me. And now
they of Breda have sent hither eight of their soldiers to offer to
do the like, and to deliver unto the Prince the Colonel Frundsberg
whom they have apprehended.
There is a bruit that the Spaniards destined to be returned
hither out of Italy have been embarked for Africa, but the alteration
is too sudden to be very likely.—Antwerp, 21 Sept. 1577.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holl. and Fland. III. 114.]
Enclosed in above :
242A. Copy of the instructions, &c. [No. 235], together
Sep. 20 [?]
242B. REPLY of the PRINCE OF ORANGE to the ESTATES.
Having heard the propositions of the Deputies, the Prince of
Orange replies as follows :—
He thanks God and praises the Estates for coming to a firm
and unanimous resolution for mutual security among the provinces
that, in pursuance of the pacification of Ghent, they may arrange
together for their preservation.
Hoping that God, who has inspired this union, will bless their
laudable intention to the general and individual good, and the
restoration of our afflicted country to its former flower and prosperity.
He cannot sufficiently thank them for their good opinion of
him, and the sincere confidence which they show in his goodwill
towards them and the peace of the land.
While he cannot recognise in himself all the virtues which they
are pleased to attribute to him, he will willingly employ in their
service not only such experience and judgement as he has, but
every means, even to his own life and blood ; and will not fail to
respond with the utmost of his power to their confidence in him.
As for coming immediately to Brussels, though he would like
nothing better than to obey them, even for the desire he has of
seeing his beloved country again, and enjoying the company of
his best friends in the place where he was brought up, he begs
them to consider that, owing to the reciprocal obligations between
himself and the countries of Holland and Zealand, he has in the
past taken no step of importance without communicating with
the Estates of those countries ; and therefore he begs now, since
those Estates are about to meet directly at Gouda, that the Estates-General
will agree to his similarly taking advice with them on this
Since the Estates desire that the Prince will make some demonstration
counter to the calumnies uttered by evil-disposed persons,
to make known to all that he and those of Holland and Zealand
fully desire to observe what they have promised by the pacification,
and that to this effect he will permit the exercise of the Catholic
Religion in those countries, he begs them to believe nothing save
that he desires entirely to maintain the said pacification ;
But the question of permitting the exercise of that Religion
touches primarily the Estates of those countries, who stipulated at
the pacification that they should have no innovation at least till
the States-General had met. The Prince cannot think that he
ought to permit any innovation without the consent of the Estates
of Holland and Zealand, fearing lest if, from that cause, any disturbance
or discontent arose among the people, the blame might
lie on him.
As regards a formal promise on the part of the Prince that he
and those of Holland and Zealand will not allow the exercise of
the Roman Catholic Religion to be attacked, or that of any other
religion to be introduced in the other provinces of the Low Countries,
he is ready to promise for himself and for them, that pursuant
to the pacification they will not suffer any attempt to be
made against the public peace, or the exercise of the Catholic
As the Prince has no idea of usurping any authority over the
Estates-General, but only of assisting in the direction of affairs
to the best of his ability, and so far as they may please to employ
him, he is ready to promise that he will leave the authority to take
order in this matter, pursuant to the pacification, at their free
disposal, without hindering them or suffering them to be hindered,
and will aid in chastising all those who by scandalous conduct,
or any kind of overt attempt, may seek to disturb the common
Copy. Fr. 2 pp.
Another copy of the Prince's reply.
Fr. 4 pp. Endd. : Conditions et promesses par le Prince
d'Orenges sur sa venue a Bruxelles ; and below : Sept. 1577. Upon
the P. receiving into Bruxels. (Walsingham's mark.) [Holl.
and Fland. II. 115.]
Another copy. Fr. 4 pp. Endd. in Fr. [Ibid. II.
244. [DON JOHN to the ESTATES.]
Explanations and conditions which it seems good to us to make
for better understanding and execution of the present treaty.
Art. 5.—We agree to this as regards us, and without prejudice
to the parties, it being understood that the Germans shall go out
under safe-conduct from the Estates.
Art. 6.—We pass this, declaring that the word "other" shall
be taken as referring to places held since the beginning of the
Art. 10.—We accept the Bishop of Liége, the Duke of Cleves,
or any other that may be agreed upon.
As to the restitution of property, it must be done in good faith,
even when the Estates or others have profited by it, and it is no
longer in existence.
As regards the Governors, officers, &c., we are content to do as
desired, and will command the Governors and officers who are
with us to abstain from the exercise of their government and the
command of their forces during this interim until affairs are
quieter, and to appoint no others ; but if it be necessary, his
Majesty will for this time appoint only such as are agreeable to
Art. 11.—For fear of causing discontent in the garrisons, it
would be better to omit the word "soldiers," with security that
Governors and captains shall be agreeable to the Estates.
Art. 13.—It would be better to substitute "simultaneously"
Art. 15.—Pending the coming of our successor, whom we hope
for shortly, we hope to govern from Luxembourg.
Art. 16 (sic).—We will use our efforts to induce his Majesty
to agree to these terms within the time mentioned.
Namur, September 21. (Signed), Le Vasseur.
Copy. Fr. Endd. in Fr. 2 pp. [Holl. and Fland. II. 117.]
245. G. GILPIN to BURGHLEY.
I have just received the enclosed from Brussels, and was
earnestly requested to see it conveyed to you speedily, and to
entreat your pleasure for the answering of it. The state of this
country 'with the likelihood thereof,' and such occurrences as we
have, I am sure you will be advertised by letters from her Majesty's
ambassador, who lies at present in this town.—Antwerp, 21 Sept.
1577. [Original mislaid.]
246. BEALE to WALSINGHAM.
I arrived here the 17th of this month, at the end of the market,
in safety, God be thanked, with my whole company, though the
whole way was very much infected with the plague. I have stayed
here a while, to inform myself from Mr. Rogers and others how
things went in these parts. Mr. Rogers, at the time of my arrival,
was gone with Duke Casimir to the Landgrave, who was at the
baths of Ems, from whom he returned two days after. Duke
Casimir was also looked for here by divers of his Rittmeisters, who
awaited his coming. But he appointed them to meet him at
Oppenheim, on the 19th and 20th. His councillors say it was only
to avoid so great a concourse in this place, and to do his affairs
with more quietness and secrecy. Others say it was because he
thought that the Deputies of the Empire who are here would
perhaps have said somewhat to him, for that not long before, the
French King by one Diets von Schomberg, one of his Rittmeisters,
had complained of him to the Emperor ; threatening to annoy
those parts of the Rhine if he should attempt anything against
France. The copy of this complaint was sent hither, to be
"ordered" by the Deputies here ; though I do not understand that
they have as yet done anything, nor what resolution the Duke has
taken. But things are not in that readiness that was reported by
the French, and if he go on, his preparations will ask a long time.
It seems, besides, that the French are in good hope that he will
do nothing, insomuch that the Duke of Lorraine has made a
payment here of 250,000 francs.
There is no good correspondence between the two brothers.
The Elector has already put all the ministers of his father's time
to silence, both of the Dutch and strange Churches, and minds
shortly to alter the state of the University of Heidelburg, and to
bring in one David Chittræus, a great Lutheran, and one of the
makers of the new book which is shortly to be published for the
establishing of their opinion and condemning of others. Doctor
Ehern, his father's late Chancellor, is not only put from his office,
but since Mr. Sidney's being there, commanded to keep his house as
a prisoner, without shewing him the cause, though he has several
times asked to know it. As I heard among themselves, they pretend
it to be the rasing or changing of the late Elector's will ; and
now it is secretly said to me that he is taken thence and carried
prisoner to another place. There has of late happened some
unkindness about the partage of their patrimony ; for upon the
surprising of Neustadt by Duke Casimir there were found, it is
said, letters from the Elector to those of the town not to acknowledge
Casimir for their lord according to the father's will, notwithstanding
his other letters granted at his brother's request to the
contrary. For which cause, and because the Elector has already
broken the will in sundry points, it is reported that Casimir in a
great rage thrusting his dagger through part of the said will, in
the presence of his uncle Duke Richard, has openly declared that
he will not content himself with the partage limited in his father's
will, but demands to divide (the Electorate excepted) equally
according to the custom of Germany ; whereto the Elector has as
yet made no answer.
The Elector relies much upon the Duke of Saxony, and since
the last Diet of Ratisbon, when he supplied his father's place
in the election of the Emperor, it is said that, being corrupted by
the said Duke, he afterwards shewed himself more contrary to his
father's proceedings than he had done before, so that if the old
Elector had lived any long time he meant not to have dealt so
liberally with him as he had ordained before, thinking that he
never would have made such alterations as now he has done.
Mr. Rogers tells me that it was much misliked by the Elector
and Duke Richard that he went first to Duke Casimir ; and therefore
to remove the jealousy that might increase between the
brethren, I have thought convenient to address myself to the
Elector first, to the intent he may think that her Majesty makes
such account of him as his place requires, although I see no hope
of any great good. I have also seen such notes as Duke Casimir
delivered to Mr. Rogers, and have, by his counsellors, his advice
how to proceed in the deliverance of my messages.
Touching the assembly at Magdeburg, there is as yet no certain
resolution, since it has been named to be at Naumburg ; but as
yet no time appointed. It is true that a book has of late been
made by eight divines ; two belonging to the Elector of Saxony,
viz., Jacobus Andreas and Nicolaus Selnererus ; two to the Elector
of Brandenburg, Andreas Mersonlas and Christopher Cornerus ;
one to the Duke of Brunswick, Martinus Kemnitius ; and one to
the Duke of Mecklenburg, David Chitreus. The book is said not
only to contain a declaration of their own opinion, but also an
express condemnation of all that think otherwise ; and it is
thought that such of the Estates of the Empire as shall not subscribe
thereto shall be in the next Diet secluded from the peace of
The Elector of Saxony urges the matter very vehemently. On
the 8th of this month he caused an assembly to be held of the
earls of those parts, each of whom was to bring a divine with him
for the subscribing of this book. It is not yet known what they
Landgrave Wilhelm mislikes it very much, because it contains
words of condemnation where the Confession of Augusta and
Apology had Non approbamus ; and the confirmation and chiefest
arguments are said to be 'fett' out of Luther's words and not the
Bible. He has promised Duke Casimir that he will never subscribe
it. Many others oppose themselves, as the Administrator
of Magdeburg (although the Elector of Brandenburg, his father,
likes it), the princes of Anhalt, the Dukes of Holst and Pomerania,
with sundry earls and free cities ; some because they hold with
the Confession of our Churches, and some because, although they
are Lutherans, they dislike the doctrine de ubiquitate et omniprœsentia
carnis Christi, which is by this book obtruded. I trust
her Majesty's message will do good, both to confirm them and
mitigate the heat of the others.
The 25th of this month was appointed a meeting of certain
Deputies of sundry Churches of Germany, France, Helvetia, and
Poland, at Frankenthal, to consult of this matter. Gualterus'
opinion and that of most of them was to make another Confession
to oppose the said book. As I cannot be so soon with Duke
Casimir, I have by Mr. Rogers, Soleer, Dathenus, and M. Languet
sent him word of her Majesty's opinion in that behalf how that
the said assembly cannot but breed jealousy with the adverse
party, as though they meant to make a party against them ; that
she thought it more expedient to proceed by way of intercession.
Which opinion they have promised to impart in the mean time to
Duke Casimir ; and to promise that the deputies shall at this time
only concert a form of humble supplication, to be addressed to
the princes, that considering the pitiful state of Christ's Church,
it would please them to forbear such condemnation. Thus the
said assembly, which being appointed before my coming, cannot
now be broken, shall appear to have been holden only for this
purpose, which they cannot mislike of. What shall be done I
will advertise you by John Watts, when I have spoken with the
Elector and Duke Casimir.
It is said that the Emperor is at Vienna, where he means to
make his brother Ernestus his lieutenant-general upon the border
of Hungary and Sweney [Schwendi] under him, who is now there.
It is reported that the two young brethren Matthias and Maximilian
demand partage, so that it would seem that there is no very good
agreement between them ; and for that cause the Archdukes
Ferdinand and Charles are said to be gone thither from the Duke
of Baviere's, where it is bruited there has been a great meeting
of popish princes, some say to conclude a marriage between his
daughter and the Duke of Ferrara, and some think for other
causes. He labours by all the means he can to make his son,
now Bishop of Frisingen, Archbishop of Colen ; for the former
gave it up the 13th of this month, and shall be married to the
Count of Arenberg's sister. Dr. Hegemiller, one of the Emperor's
commissioners here, is gone thither, to deal with the Chapter for
the Duke's son. But it is thought it will take no place.
The assembly here is to give order for the collection of money
promised to the late Emperor for the maintenance of the frontiers
towards the Turk. The Steedes of the Hanse have propounded
the help of Dantzig, or else that it would please them to intercede
for some good pacification with the King, for it seems the town
is hardly beset. It is thought neither will take any effect, for no
money will be had to levy an army ; and it is answered that to
intercede with the King would be an acknowledgement of a right
in him, and a prejudice to that interest which the Emperor has
always pretended to have in that city.
The Duke of Guise has been a good while upon the frontier of
Lorraine to "empeche" Duke Casimir's coming. His forces were
thought to be 800 horse and 2,000 foot. It is said he is now
departed downwards, either to aid Don John or to besiege the
castles of Jamets and Sedan, belonging to the young Duke of
Bouillon, who is now declared for them of the religion, and at
this present at Strasburg.
When the Duke of Guise was at Metz, he sent for all such
Dutch colonels and rittmeisters as serve the King, and required
them to promise to serve against all persons ; but they refused,
excepting, as their custom is, the States of the Holy Empire.
At the same time was a particular diet held at Wissenburg of
the deputies [of the] Electors Palatine and Mentz, Dukes of
Wirtemberg and Deuxponts, Bishops of Strasburg, Worms, Spires,
and others on that side the Rhine, where Duke Casimir was in
person. Thence they wrote to the King's Dutch colonels, that if
they served against any of them they would all be revenged of
them in their bodies and goods, wheresoever they could be found.
Somewhat was treated of the contribution of money to levy forces
if need were, but nothing was concluded.
As this book is not yet perused nor subscribed by divers of the
princes, and it may be that at her Majesty's request a further day
may be appointed next year for the assembly at Magdeburg or
elsewhere. I should be glad to know her pleasure whether I
might then return home or no ; for in my opinion it will not be
needful for me to tarry so long, and for many reasons I would be
at home as soon as may be. Please direct letter to me to M.
Languet or Dr. Johannes Glanburg, hither ; with whom I have left
order for the keeping of them till my return. I have received
your letter of the 5th, sent by the Secretary of the Steelyard. In
the wagon at my departure out of Antwerp I received also the
others sent to Mr. Davison. I shall desire you humbly to excuse
me to the rest of my Lords, as I have no leisure now to write to
them, which I mind not to omit when I have been with the Elector
and Duke Casimir. M. Swartz has very courteously entertained
me in his house, being otherwise unprovided of a lodging. He
tells me he has appointed a servant of his to bring certain geldings
out of England for certain princes and noblemen, and has desired
me to ask your Honour that when his servant shall repair to the
Court, you will promise him either from her Majesty or from my
Lord of Leicester a passport.—Frankfort, 21 Sept.
Add. Endd. Marginal notes by L. Tomson. 8 pp. [Germ.
States I. 19.]
247. Copies of the correspondence between the Prince of
Orange and the Estates [Nos. 238, 242B], also of the instructions
given to the Prelates of Villars and Marolles [No. 235], followed
Advices from Basle.
I wrote of the meeting held at Baden in Aargau by the seven
Catholic cantons, which they call market, as much to fortify themselves
against the cantholiques [sic ; l. cantons] of the religion as to
prevent the designs which the German Protestants are brewing at
Frankfort, and the intelligence which they may have with the Swiss
of the same religion. And they obtained at Baden that proceedings
of all sorts shall be taken against all those who have borne arms
against the King of France under the Prince of Condé and Duke
Casimir last year, in such sort that those of Berne made proclamation
in their country that henceforth no one should dare to bear
arms even against the King, on pain of confiscation, and that for the
past, proceedings would be taken with a rigour against those who
had borne arms in the same army in such sort that all those of
Neufchatel who could be found guilty were made prisoners by the
said Catholic cantons as they passed through their territories, and
since that they have been obliged to send by way of Germany.
And learning that a Frenchman called the Sieur d'Amours had
negotiated in Germany for the last levy alike of Swiss and
Neuchatelese, they followed it up as this letter sent to Mme. de
Longueville in France will show :—
Illustrious lady,—Our lords and superiors have heard that
one M. d'Amours, who was heretofore sent by you into the
County of Neuchatel to reside there and plead on your behalf
in the cause between yourself and the Margrave of Baden
in regard to the lordship of Rotelin, before the Imperial
Chamber at Spires, took the pretext of his journeys into
Germany to practise with the late Count Palatine in the
name of the Prince of Condé, levying reiters and Swiss landsknechts
of Bern and Neuchatel for the Duke John Casimir to
lead into France against the King, whom he accompanied into
France. Whereupon our lords of the seven Catholic cantons,
to wit, Zug, Uri, Fideron [sic], Unterwald, Schwyz, Glarus,
Freiburg, as well as the others who are confederated with
the King, thought that, according to the orders that you
might have given to M. de Maniquet, your ambassador, for
proceeding in this matter, the said d'Amours would not only
be cast back from his charge, whether at Neuchatel or at
Spires, but would be severely punished. Now as no proceedings
have been taken against him, but he is still at Neuchatel
and in your service, we have been expressly commanded by
our lords urgently to beg that you will withdraw the said
d'Amours from Neuchatel and recall his commission ; otherwise
our lords will not fail to complain in such manner as
they may deem right, that such seditious people are maintained,
to his Majesty's prejudice. But they are sure that
they will have no cause so to complain, but will be able to
continue their goodwill towards yourself and the young
princes your sons. Hearing further that the officers and
soldiers of the county of Neuchatel who have been at war with
the King have not been punished, but continue in their evil
mind, and threaten to go to war again if anyone will pay
them, which will be of serious moment to your county of
Neuchatel, although nothing has come of your promises,
though M. de Maniquet and your vassals, to our great surprise,
remain unfurnished. All which makes our lords again beg
you expressly to command the Council of Neuchatel to proceed
to the punishment of the delinquents.
Done, passed, and sealed with the seal of the noble lord
Wolfgang, Governor of Baden, councillor of Unterwald,
in the name of the undersigned cantons.
Copies (in one hand). Fr. 7 pp. Endd.: "Letters from
the States-General to the Prince of Orange, etc." [Holl. and
Fland. II. 118.]
248. The QUEEN to the MAGISTRATES of DANTZIG.
We regret to hear of your afflicted state, and should be most
ready to relieve you, but for two things ; one touching our good
faith, the other our policy. For the first, your town is, as you
are aware, subject to the King of Poland, by ancient treaties our
friend and ally, so that it might seem harsh and unprecedented
if we were to aid you when you are in arms against your prince.
Again, to lend you money on the sole security of your city, when
that is closely besieged and hard pressed, would certainly not be
the part of a prudent person. We should not, however, wish it
to be supposed that we either think to desert you in your straits,
bound as you are to us and our people by old alliance, or that we
place our own convenience before your safety ; but that we may
show you a way by which you may better provide for our honour
and your own good. The Teutonic Hanse is no less old and well
known among you than famous among all neighbouring peoples,
and you are no mean member of it ; and their alliance with you
is so close that it is not unlikely that they will be touched by
your misfortunes. If they cannot themselves bring the aid you
ask, at least let them intercede for you, protest that their own
affairs are at stake, offer to be security for you. Thus our good
faith will be free toward the King, because we shall be obliging
your allies and not you, and shall not rashly seem to be lacking
toward ourselves and our posterity, if fearing the uncertain issue of
the war (though we pray it may be favourable to you), we prefer to
render services to you, so far as we think it may be granted to our
old friendship with the Hanse, on the security of cities in a less
dangerous position. If you will follow this plan and obtain this
favour from your allies, we will promptly do our best to furnish
what you may require.—Oatlands, 23 Sept. 1577.
Copy. Latin. 2/3 p. [For. E.B. Misc. II.]
249. DANIEL ROGERS to WALSINGHAM.
By my last packet, dispatched the 11th, you will have understood
how I dealt with the Elector Palatine, following the advice
of Duke Casimir. I sent with it all my proposals to the Elector,
and joined his answer thereto in writing, with a letter which he
sent in Latin to her Majesty ; since which, as Duke Casimir
appointed, I went to Ems, where I found the Landgrave, who gave
me audience on the 15th. The Duke himself came thither the
night before, at which time he thought to have found me with the
Landgrave ; but as there is no lodging there but what was taken
up by the Landgrave's train, and as I thought it best that the
Duke should talk with the Landgrave before I came, I stayed with
M. Languet, whom the Duke had commanded to come with me as
his counsellor, at Nassau, a league from Ems, and thence came to
Ems the 15th, in the morning. Besides Languet, the Duke wrote
to Ludwig, Count of Wittgenstein, and to Count John of Nassau,
to meet him at the same time at Ems. But Count Wittgenstin,
instead of coming himself sent letters excusing himself, for that
the election of the Bishop of Collen stayed him there. And Count
John, before he received the Duke's letter, had left Dillenburg
with the Prince's daughter and son, towards Holland.
After dinner on the 15th, Duke Casimir being retired to his
chamber, the Landgrave called me into his study and sent for
two of his counsellors, of which Colonel Rolhousen was the chief,
who had the levying of reiters in the first troubles of France, and
since was with the Prince of Orange in his first expedition. Being
required to declare my message in Latin, I told him that her
Majesty had received from him a couple of letters at one time,
sent by Mr. Allen, by which she had conceived double pleasure ;
first, that he had declared the goodwill he bare towards her, and
the desire he had to continue such amity as in time past had been
betwixt her Majesty's father, of most famous memory, and
his father, which desire he had sufficiently declared by requiring
Mr. Allen to answer in her name at the "Kirstninge" of his
daughter that was born when the said Allen was with them, which
I affirmed her Majesty had taken in very good part. Besides the
contentment which she had conceived this way by his letters, I
avouched they were especially welcome, for that her Majesty had
fully understood by them how well he foresaw the practices of the
Papists, going about to overthrow the state of all such as professed
the reformed religion, and therefore thought it expedient that
such as made profession of that religion should take counsel
together to withstand the dangerous practices of the Papists, in
which he concurred with her Majesty. I told him that she had
heretofore sundry times exhorted the princes of Germany professing
the said religion to enter into a common league for mutual
defence, but that hitherto her advice had not taken such effect as
it deserved, although it were more necessary for the preservation
of Germany than for her own State. For confirmation whereof,
as also to deliver him from certain doubts which he seemed to have
of her Majesty's estate, and uttered at dinner time, I began to
open unto him in what safety she and the affairs of England were,
affirming that by reason of a long peace, with justice and clemency,
she had so established her realms and dominions that in long time
England had not enjoyed the like felicity. And as for Scotland,
her Majesty had in such manner established the King's dignity
there, and defended the liberty of the realm, that the whole realm
was at her devotion. Likewise in France and in the Low
Countries, her Majesty had travailed to maintain those countries
in their ancient freedom, in such sort that the most part thought
themselves 'beholding' to her for her benefits bestowed on
them. Yet because she was continually advertised of the daily
practices which the Pope's adherents dressed and invented to
subvert the State of all such as defended the true religion, she
could not but again admonish the Princes Protestant of Germany
to provide diligently against their enemies' designs, which were
dangerous to all such as professed the reformed religion. This
advertisement I said she repeated at this time, the rather for that
she, perceiving his Highness to be of her opinion, trusted that by
his means the rest of the princes might the sooner be moved to
enter into the league mentioned ; for the making of which, that
he might the better understand her Majesty's intention, I showed
him the project of which in my instructions is made mention, and
gave it him to read. Being come thus far, he began to open the
Queen's letter, which he read thoroughly, as also the Prince of
Orange's and Mr. Sydney's letters. The Prince of Orange wrote
to him by me, persuading him to embrace the league, offered to
the Princes of Germany by a most mighty Queen, of whom they
ought to have desired that which of her bountiful nature she
offered to them. Having read the letters and the project, he said
that I was come in very good time to him, and that before my
coming he had heard of me, by reason of the Elector Palatine,
who had sent unto him an oration, as he termed it, which I had
delivered to him touching any negotiation, which he affirmed was
made very suitably to the time. For the rest, he could not well
express by words how greatly he was beholden to her Majesty
for her message, and that he would travail to deserve her favour.
Touching the league, he would deliberate upon it, that he might
the better satisfy her Majesty's expectation, and promised to give
an answer, with his counsel what were best to be done. Then
he went to the baths, I being led unto my chamber by his counsellors,
who thanked me heartily for the proposals I had made to
their Prince ; promising me that they would advance these matters
with all the authority they had. I was there with him three
days ; all which time Duke Casimir remained with him, labouring
most earnestly to bring this league to good effect. At last the
Landgrave, having well deliberated, called me apart, and said that
at present he did not see how this league could go forward ; for
that first of all the condemnation which certain mad divines urged
was to be hindered, which was a matter of great importance, since
the Duke of Saxony and the Elector of Brandenburg especially
required an assembly to be holden at Naumburg, as I wrote in
my last, for the subscription of the book, by virtue whereof the
rest of the Churches not subscribing should be condemned.
Wherefore he desired her Majesty to send an ambassage to the
King of Denmark, opening to him her Majesty's opinion touching
the proceeding of the said mad divines, requiring him to send
Henry Ransaw and Dr. Hincke his counsellors, with her Majesty's
ambassador, to the Duke of Saxony, to the hindering of the design
of his divines ; which being done, he hoped the league would the
better take place. Meanwhile, as the Elector Palatine asked his
advice touching what I had left with him, he would prepare his
mind, as also that of other princes, to embrace this league. The
Palatine had also sent my writing and his answer to Duke Casimir,
who has already sent advice to his brother, counselling him in
any case to receive so noble an offer as her Majesty has made, and
to hinder the subscription of the book. The Duke is very desirous
not only to enter into this league, but to do anything which her
Majesty may desire, being a virtuous, zealous, and courageous
prince, besides his courtesy of manner, by which he winneth all
such as have to do with him. In sum, after the Prince of Orange,
I have not yet found his like in Germany.
The book which the Landgrave mentions treats especially of
twelve points, and is in Dutch. The articles in it are these :—
1, De peccato originali ; 2, De libero arbitrio ; 3, De Justificatione ;
4, De bonis operibus ; 5, De discrimine legis et
Evangelii ; 6, De tertio usu legis ; 7, De Cœna Domini ; 8, De
persona Christi ; 9, De descensu Christi ad inferos ; 10, De
adiaphoris ; 11, De prœdestinatione. The 12th contains certain
ancient and new-sprung heresies, which they condemn. I dealt
at Ems with Dr. Peucelius, who is banished by the Duke of
Saxony, as many others are, for his opinion in the Supper of the
Lord, and is now with the Landgrave of Hesse, who promised to
send me the principal absurdities comprehended in the said book.
Howbeit, Duke Casimir has taken order for the copying of the
book, and is minded to send it to Dr. Ursinus, a notable learned
divine, for to refute it. Among other princes of the Empire who
have refused to subscribe it are the Princes of Pomerland, the
Duke of Anhalt, the Bishop of Halberstadt, son to the Elector of
Brandenburg, the Duke of Holst, besides the Landgrave and Duke
Casimir. Furthermore, the Landgrave beseeches her Majesty to
send one 'with the first' to the King of Denmark ; and that he
will cause the assembly to be stayed, till he have further news of
that which her Majesty has done with the said King. Meanwhile
he promises to deal with his brethren and others with whom he
is allied, that he may prepare them to embrace the league.
One thing I think good to add, which the Landgrave declared
when I first dined with him, which is that he had received letters
from Erick, Duke of Brunswick, how that such forces as were
shipped from "Ligurno" under pretext to go to Africa took the
right course for Lisbon, there to join the Kings' of Spain and
Portugal Armada, which was directed against England ; and that
he was assured the King of Spain persuaded himself to make Don
John King of England and Scotland ; which letters he showed
me, written from Lorraine the 7th of this month. Wherefore I
beseech you not to think that these news are trifles, being confirmed
by occurrences sent from divers places, and vouched by this
Duke, who has long time served the Spaniards.—Frankfort, 23
Add. Endd. Marginal notes by L. Tomson. 4½ pp. [Germ.
States I. 20.]
Aug. 20-Sept. 24.
250. INIGO DE VALDERRAMA to ANTONIO DE GUARAS.
I have given you information in other letters about myself, and
what is passing here ; and as I have received nothing from you
requiring an answer, I will now be brief. It is only to say that I
came to-day from Plymouth where I talked with Mr. Yllcom, and
gave him your greetings, and then I talked about the bronze guns,
and he told me that he had sent them many days ago, and that he
had sent you the receipt for them, and that they had been given to
the mayor of Laredo, and that when his son was in London you
gave him the discharge for them, so there was no more to be said.
He told me too what he wrote to you, how Fcs. D. [Qy. Francis
Drake] is gone to the Antilles although a report is spread that they
are going to Tripoli ; but that they certainly are going where I say,
and will do much harm if you do not take steps to prevent its
happening. I am sure that if it be possible you will act so that
they shall not go ; and so I commit myself to your goodwill.
Mr. Yllcom greets you, and will willingly do you any service he
There is nothing else save that I rejoice that the affairs of
Flanders go well, thank God. May it always be so.
My wife and family greet you.—Padisto [Qy. Padstow], 20 Aug.
Overleaf : We are at the 24th September. I sent you a copy of
the above by way of Bristol. Since then I have received yours by
Señor Juanes de Lechundi, from which I see that you wish me to
do all in my power for the recovery of your estate in this country,
aiming at keeping the costs as small as possible. I will do what
I can without fail. As to your business nothing has been done up
to now. They settle it in the course of a week ; please God they do
something fresh. Don Juan Arandel [Qy. Sir John Arundell]
settles nothing, owing to occupations, because the rest have not
wanted to settle. When he is willing you shall be advised of what
is to be done. As for cost he cannot fail to spend, having 4 men
and 4 horses ; but 2 will I hope soon be dispatched. I am sorry at
the ill-success in Flanders ; may the Lord remedy it as is needful.
Add. Endd. Sp. 1½ pp. [Spain I. 8.]
251. PIETRO BIZARRI to [WALSINGHAM].
A counsellor of the Landgrave's wrote to me lately that on the
14th inst. Duke Casimir went to visit his Excellency at the Baths
of Ems, i.e., Ad Thermas Emsenses, and that the Landgrave is to
return to his own state at the last of the month. My friend has
imparted to me also some decisions arrived at by the Duke and the
Landgrave in conference, and has sent me a copy of them in
German ; and as there are very important matters in them relating
to her Majesty, I send you the same copy, feeling sure that you
will not lack a faithful interpreter, and begging you to impart it
to her Majesty in my name.
I am leaving this in an hour for the said Baths to pay my respects
to the Landgrave.—Cologne, 24 Sept. 1577.
Endd. Italian. 1 p. [Germ. States I. 21.]
252. POULET to WALSINGHAM.
The Ambassador of France has a servant following the Court,
and now in some discredit with his master, but yet continues in his
service. He has reported to Jacomo that Nypeville escaped out
of prison in this wise. [Marginal note : Niepeville's escape.]
Arnold, secretary to the French Ambassador, provided him of files,
'syzers,' ropes, &c., by which he made his way into the street,
leaving his chamber-fellow sleeping, whom he would have slain
if he had awaked. In the street he was taken twice by the watch,
but was delivered, and came to the French Ambassador's house.
After some days he was conveyed to Dover disguised as a Fleming,
and shipped himself in a boat of 'Calyce,' which was come purposely
for him. He used all means possible to obtain licence from the
King to go to sea, which the King would not grant, and notwithstanding
he is gone from hence with full resolution to do so, and
very maliciously affected against the Englishmen.
Besides the soldiers with young Lansac there are here, or in the
neighbourhood, ten French companies of the King's Guard, those
companies of "lance knights," and 40 other companies or thereabouts.
I am informed that La Roche is not yet gone to sea, nor in readiness
for his voyage.
It is said that the King of Spain's fleet is safely arrived out of
It seems worth noting that though peace was concluded at
Bergerac on the 14th, on the 16th young Lansac took the sea with
his navy to spoil the Isle of Retz. Many good men are already
discouraged to expect any good success of this patched peace.
It is said here that Mullins was stayed in England 18 days owing
to information given by one that he had gone with some bad commission
for something to be done in Scotland ; and a Scottishman
came to my secretary and asked if one Makestone, a Scot, had
never told him that Mullins was sent by the French King, "which,"
he said, "you may perceive to be untrue by the seizure made upon
his land and goods, and according to the late ordinance touching
Protestants." My secretary assured him that Makestone had
never said so to him, as in truth he never had, the information
having been given him by others. The Scot said if he had not,
he had to others, and the kin letters had been shown to the King,
who was much displeased, saying that Mullins had had not commission
from him, only his congé to go to his own country, the
Cardinal of Guise and Morvilliers telling him to come no more into
France. This tale doth easily persuade me that Mullins went
with authority from the King, who, now finding that the matter
has no success, gives out these devices to colour his unneighbourly
The French have not robbed their own country by land so fast
as they will now spoil the subjects of other countries by sea. Our
merchants no doubt will feel the smart of it.
Lansac lacked merchants for his salt at Brouage, and this was
the occasion of disorder committed by him.—Poitiers, 24 Sept.
P.S.—John Tupper is arrived out of Britanny. He has perused
all the havens and creeks from Nantes to Morlaix, and finds no
preparations for the sea save such as are made by the merchants.
La Roche has no ships at sea, accompanied by one belonging to the
Captain of Brest, and two barks of Marans, spoiling and robbing.
La Roche himself is at home and his ship dismissed. Please let
my Lord of Leicester know of this advertisement. Tupper heard
that Fitzmorris has been of late at St. Malo, and is gone to sea with
Add. Endd. pp. 2. [France I. 31.]
253. POULET to the QUEEN.
About 4 p.m. yesterday M. Pinart came from the King to inform
me that young Lansac, being commanded to make some enterprise
upon the Isle of Retz, and forced by weather to stay at the Isle of
Est [Aix], fell in on Tuesday last [17th] with 50 English ships,
accompanied by some ships of Rochelle, and sent his trumpet to
signify that it was forbidden by proclamation for any stranger to
give any aid to the subjects that were in arms against the King,
promising that if they went to Brouage they should be entertained
with all amity. The English would not agree, but came to blows,
and were taken prisoners. Lansac sent a gentleman to the King,
but he was stripped and kept two days at St. Jean d'Angely. The
King assured himself there was no fault in your Majesty, and had
commanded me to show you the memorial received from young
Lansac, which he then read to me, and gave me a copy of it. The
tale was told in such correct terms that I might believe if I would
that those ships were men-of-war, and came out of Rochelle to seek
Lansac. I told him I was very sorry to hear of this disorder. I was
sure there was no fault in your Majesty, and trusted that the King
was also guiltless herein, that the fault in the Ministers was odious,
not to be excused, and that now the question was who had offended,
Lansac or the English, though it was hard to see what could justify
the arrest of many ships and men. It had not been often seen that
fifty English ships, armed in warlike manner, had been so easily
taken, and if they were merchants the fact was not to be excused.
The only fault alleged of the English was that they would not obey
young Lansac's orders. It did not appear that these ships had been
at Rochelle, and if they had been there as merchants, it did not
deserve this extreme dealing, and English merchants could not
know the proclamations made in France. I had had letters lately
from England, and could not learn that any lord was departed
thence, and I should think him a very foolish lord that would
hazard his person in the Isle of Retz. The matter was of deep
importance to your Majesty, and it behoved me to certify it at once.
But as the memorial was imperfect, and he could not satisfy me in
particular until he had spoken again with the King or with Lansac's
messenger, and as I desired to know the King's pleasure from his
own mouth, I told M. Pinart that as the King had deferred my
audience till the coming of the Duke of Montpensier, who had just
arrived, if it would please his Majesty to give me audience the next
day, I would not write till I had spoken to him, but if an audience
were deferred, I prayed him to hold me excused, and to provide
me of my passports.
M. Pinart, among other things, told me that the trumpet which
young Lansac sent aboard the ships was detained by the English,
and could not be released. A very unlikely tale in my simple
opinion. He said that the Englishmen wished only to depart and
leave their ships. I answered that most men preferred liberty to
ships. This tale looks as if they meant to retain the ships. I asked
him how many Englishmen had been slain in this fight. He said,
none as he thought. "This argueth" (quod I) "that they made no
resistance." I asked him how it came about that when ships of
Rochelle and English ships were in company, the former escaped,
and the English ships only were taken? He was constrained to
say that he must confer again with the messenger, saying that the
memorial was made in haste. Indeed it was made in such haste
that it had no date at all, and, therefore, when or where it was
made, God knoweth. It is not to be doubted but that this advertisement
came to the King three or four days past.
In the evening Arnold told me from M. Pinart that he had
moved the King for my audience ; that the next morning the King
would confer with his Council, that after noon he would be busied
with the Duke of Montpensier and the deputies of the King of
Navarre, that the next day, being the 25th, I should have audience,
and that if any French subject had done anything to disturb the
amity between the realms, the King would not fail to punish him.
I answered that I was to receive my audience at the King's pleasure
and leisure ; that one day imputed much, that it behoved me to
use no delay in this advertisement, and therefore prayed him to
request M. Pinart to provide me of my passport in the morning.
Upon my next audience with the King I shall write more certainly.
May the Almighty preserve your Highness from the dangerous
practices of your malicious neighbours, which will come to pass if
your Majesty be as jealous of their treasons and treacheries as they
have been of your plain, sound, and friendly feeling.—Poitiers, 24
P.S.—These letters being ready to be sent, John Coyde, purser of
a ship belonging to Mr. Henry Sackford, with other servants to
Mr. Sackford, taken by Lansac with the other English ships arrived
here. Having taken the information of the said Coyde in writing
I have sent him into England with my messenger. I am informed
by the other Englishmen arrived here that Lansac has done many
notable injuries of late to the English merchants, both by constraining
them to pay sundry new impositions, and in the spoil of their
munitions and victuals ; having at present one English ship in
company, which he found in the river of Bordeaux, and forced
to join him.
Add. Endd. 4½ pp. [France I. 32.]
Duplicate of the above. Endd. by L. Tomson. 4 pp.
[Ibid. I. 33.]
254. POULET to BURGHLEY.
Have nothing more to say than is contained in my letter to
her Majesty, which I know will be imparted to you. It may be
feared lest this peace abroad may make war at home.
Poitiers, September 24, 1577. [Ibid. I. 34.]
Add. Endd. ½ p.
255. POULET to WALSINGHAM.
Having sealed my packet and my messenger ready to take horse,
M. de Mothe Fénelon with M. de Villere, one of the masters of
requests to the King, came from his Majesty. His speech tended
to the justification of the King, to the purgation of young Lansac,
and to the declaration of his own wish to preserve good amity
between the two crowns. In the end he delivered this bill, which
I promised to send to his Majesty.
Peace was proclaimed to-day in general terms. It is said that
the King departs on Monday next [29th], and makes no long stay
till coming to his house of Olenville, near Paris.
Poitiers, September 24, 1577.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. I. 35.]
256. POULET to WALSINGHAM.
You desire to be informed if I gave a horse to young Vere. I
fear my action has been questioned, and shall not be quiet till I
hear the true cause of your motion.
The two young Veres came to this town accompanied by Denny
and Williams, and after two or three days the elder Vere and
Williams came to me, and Vere told me that he came into this
country with intent to serve in the wars, and finding the army
of Monsieur broken, and thereby frustrate of his expectation, was
constrained to return to Paris. Having no money to buy horses,
he would be obliged to travel on foot, unless I could provide him,
and, therefore, desired me to bestow a horse upon him. I answered
that I had not so many horses as I had servants, and was far from
any means to get more, so that I could not spare those that I had.
He confessed he was very bold with me upon so small acquaintance
(as, indeed, I had never seen him before), but begged me to do the
best for him. I told him that I would be ashamed for the honour
of my country and for the reputation of the Earl of Oxford that he
should go to Paris on foot, and, therefore, would provide him with
an ambling nag, trusting that he did not look for a horse of service
at my hands, which I could not spare. I caused the horse to be
delivered to this gentleman, who sold him the next day, and prayed
Mr. Lock, who was then here, to say nothing of this horse to my
Lord of Oxford. The transaction 'doth decipher the disposition of
the gentleman.' God send him better company to make him a
better man. Thus I have delivered to you truly and faithfully
how this horse was given ; and now give me leave to answer an
objection which, perhaps, is not intended. It may be said that
knowing his intention to serve of the King's party under the leading
of the Duke of Guise, I ought not to have given him any aid. If
he had been my kinsman or friend I would not have failed to dissuade
him ; but others had been recommended not long before to
serve here in like sort by great personages in England, and Mr. Lock
told me that those only had reputation among the nobility of the
Court that sought to serve of the King's side, and, therefore, in my
simple opinion I had played the fool if I had made a quarrel of this
matter. And to be plain with you, I was not sorry to see some
young fellows of no great 'countenance or service' join the King's
party, which might have excused the young Norrvs and such others
as Mr. Lock said to be then ready to go towards Rochelle ; and [it]
might have affirmed that young fellows sought their adventure as
best liked them, and that such as served the French King were not
misliked by her Majesty. Indeed I had used that argument to
Queen Mother near about that time.
The Duke of Montpensier arriving here yesterday, I trusted to
have audience to-day of the King, but new occasions have deferred
it, as may appear by this copy enclosed of my letters to her Majesty
sent herewith.—Poitiers, 24 Sept. 1577.
P.S.—I have received like advertisement from my Lord of
Leicester as from your honour, save that he maketh no mention
of 'Pynnard,' as may appear by this copy enclosed.
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [France I. 36.]
257. ROBERT HARES to "FATHER THOMAS."
It is long since I have heard from you, but I have not forgotten
you, nor mind to do so as long as I live, wishing it may be my
chance to see you once at home ere I die. I am requested by my
good friend Dr. Wendon to direct my letter to you, so that the
same being opened you may pay the post and receive your money
again of him. If I can do you any pleasure you may command
me. Desiring again to be remembered in your prayers.—London,
24 September 1577.
Enclosure in a later letter. Add. : Au Reverend Pater Thomas
Anglois La College des Jhesuites Reue St. Jaques—A Paris—paies
le post. Endd. : For Father Thomas Jesuite. ½ p. [France I.
258. JOANNES STURMIUS to WALSINGHAM. (fn. 1)
Though I wrote lately in answer to yours, yet as your messenger
was returning I could not forbear writing again to thank you ;
all the more so that I have nothing from William Lewin since the
middle of March, at which I am surprised and sorry.
To let you know how affairs stand in Austria, I send a letter
from my friend Michael Gravius. The Emperor Charles began his
reign much as this one is doing. He was taciturn, disguised his
shrewdness, disliked hunting, had few men about him, avoided
entertainments, concealed his amorous failings, if he had any. But
would that this one might be as fortunate as he in war! The Turk
was never more peaceful than now, since he has gained the kingdom
of Poland, which seems to be open to him all the way to
Saxony and Silesia.
Baron Lazarus Suendianus thinks much of Batory's education,
talent, prudence, industry, vigilance. It would be a good thing if
he were to beware of the Turk, for there are many instances in which
the aid of the Turk has been ruinous. It would be well, too, if the
Emperor and the princes of the Empire would intervene to put an
end to the war with Dantzig, and make alliance with the Poles and
the Saxon princes to keep off the attacks of the Turks ; nor would
it be a bad thing to include the Muscovite in the treaty. I have
written about this to the King of Denmark, who, of his own self,
sent help a few months back to the Dantzigers, whereby Batory was
compelled to remove his camp with some loss.
I know that by those περι τον αυτοκρατορα [about the Emperor] it
is feared that the King of France, whenever he feels inclined,
may summon the Sultan into Hungary, Silesia, and Saxony ; were
it not for this things would some time turn out differently (alia
aliquando ekbanta forent). I am, therefore, afraid that Dietrich
Schönberg of whom Gravius writes, will obtain from the
Emperor an order that no one from the Empire is to join Condé.
I know this is what he is come about, and that the King of France
promises to use no German troops if Condé's people have no aid
from Germany. Guise, however, is treating at Metz with the
colonels of reiters for each to bring 600 horse ; but I do not know
how many there are. I know though that Mandeslohe is there,
and will not march unless 1,000 horse are assigned to him ; he wants
2,000, which he promises.
Don John is recalling the Spaniards to the Low Countries, and
they are starting stealthily in groups, to deliver Polwiller, who is
besieged in Ruremonde. They have an eye to Maestricht on the
Maas, which river also belongs to Ruremonde.
In writing to Lewin lately about Lantschade, who was to have
been sent to you from Zweibrücken, I said that to avoid hurt
from France it would be most convenient if a treaty of alliance
were made between you and all the princes of the Empire, in case
either danger threatened you from France, or the Turk were minded
to attack Austria and Saxony. I fear that this is too generally
known, and also that you shrink from Papists. How would it be if
the Elector Augustus obtained leave from Cæsar for himself and
the other Evangelical princes to establish an amity with your Queen
on these terms : Whoever was a friend to the Sultan of the Turks
to be held an enemy of the Empire and of the realm of England.
In this way you would have less to fear from the foe at your
doors, and the frontier of the Empire would be safer. Even the
Turk might be left quiet if Poland and Muscovy joined.
Two days ago the Elector Augustus commended to me some
noble youths from Saxony ; when they come, I shall write back by
those who escort them, and mention this alliance. If he likes, he
may treat of the matter with Cæsar of his own motion. But also
two days ago I cleared the way for myself in this matter, for I
completed my four books on the Turks, which I wrote by the
order of the Emperor Maximilian, and shall send to the Emperor
his son. I have made two prologues or prefaces ; one to Cæsar,
which I called Loricata, with guarded breast ; the second to the
Electors and princes, which I call Sagata, as summoning the Estates
of the Empire to put on their cloaks ; I mean to inscribe a third to
the Elector Augustus, Galeata, as it were standing in readiness. I
wrote to him of this, and await his answer. If he answers (circum
praecordia ludam) I will play around his heart to make him more
lenient in the religious dispute.
But I should like to draw up a fourth, to conciliate foreign
princes, who would be called by the Empire friends, confederates,
or allies, and would resist the most cruel and barbarous common
foe ; and to call it Cataphracta. And in this society I would have
the Queen take the first place, and be called the friend, the confederate,
and the ally of the Roman Empire.
There now, you told me to write often to you. You showed a
finger, I grasped the whole hand ; so that if I cannot write frequent
letters you, at any rate, have a wordy one to begin with. It proceeds
from the full stomach of one who cannot yet digest the griefs
of these times.
News came from Lorraine yesterday that Guise has been recalled
from Metz to aid his brother, the Marquis du Mayne.
We hear from Frankfort that the King of Spain is dead. I think
it is a report, and that nothing is certain. I hope it is true that
the Prince of Orange has been made Commander-in-Chief by a
public decree of the Belgian Estates.
Farewell, most prudent patron, for your prudence, for your care
of the religion, and also for your patronage of me, of which
though I doubt not, yet I am vexed to hear nothing from you
about my Condé money. This alone was needed to make your letter
When I had got thus far, came a letter from Daniel Rogers, in
answer to mine ; and another from you, dated in April—late indeed,
but welcome. He writes that he knows nothing of my Condé money,
but that when he was starting you said that you were daily expecting
a letter about it from the Ambassador in France, and that he
was to tell me so. At the same time came a letter from Lewin to
the same effect ; but I am still sustained by the great kindness you
all shew me.
However I will write to Lewin about this ; and to Rogers, who, I
think, is by now gone with Duke Casimir to the Baths of Ems to
meet the Landgrave, or further, if he does not come there. In
autograph : Farewell, most prudent.—Strasburg, 25 Sept. 1577.
Add. Endd. Latin. 5½ pp. [Germ. States I. 22.]
259. The ESTATES GENERAL to DON JOHN.
Having received and duly considered the explanations and conditions
forwarded by your Highness in reply to the document which
we sent by the Bishop of Bruges, M. de Willerval, and M. de
Grobbendonck, we thank God and your Highness for the good
affection you show towards peace. After mature deliberation we
have drawn up what seems to us right in equity and reason, hoping
to let you know thereby how well-disposed we are to the welfare
of the country for the maintenance of our holy religion and the
obedience due to the King. And herein your Highness, having
heart and zeal as you have, for the maintenance of both one and
the other, for which immortal praise and glory are due to you from
all Christendom, cannot but recognise how much we desire to
second you ; and if you will comply with our wishes you will find
us prompt to serve and obey you in whatever it may please you
to command us.
The gentlemen above-named have willingly agreed to perform
their further task, and to be the bearers of this document, and we
beg your Highness to sign the whole, and to carry it out as soon
as possible, in order to avoid the danger which every day may
bring. Any further delay at this juncture is full of danger and
suspicions, from which irreparable disaster may arise.—Brussels,
25 Sept. 1577.
Copy. Fr. 1 p. [Holl. and Fland. II. 119.]
Another copy of the same, forwarded apparently by
Copy. Fr. Endd, in Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. II. 120.]
261. The ESTATES to DON JOHN.
To appease the discontents which have arisen since the sudden
withdrawal of his Highness to Namur, his Highness, in the name
of the King, and the Estates have after mature deliberation come
to the following agreement :—
1. First that the pacification of Ghent and the perpetual edict
remain in force, and that all that has been done to the contrary,
by what person soever, be null and void.
2. In order to restore confidence in the country, there shall be a
full amnesty for all acts committed since the last discontents.
3. His Highness, in pursuance of his offers, will leave the Castle
and town of Namur at once, replacing them in the hands of M.
de Froymont, who will place no substitute in charge without the
consent of the Estates.
4. Further he will at once dismiss the German troops, who will
be under the safeguard of the Estates, and be paid by them up to
the 23rd of last July ; those excepted with whom terms have since
been made at the surrender of Bergen-op-Zoom and other places,
as well in those who were broke when his Highness was received
as Governor, those in garrison at Valenciennes, Tournay, Nivelle,
Diest, and Gemblours, and also Cornelis Van Eynde and others who
were at the sack of Antwerp and Maestricht, and so are liable to
chastisement under the 7th article of the perpetual edict.
5. His Highness will at once discharge all troops, horse and foot,
levied or retained by him on Wartgelt, or otherwise since his coming
to the country, and will permit no fresh levies against the Low
6. He will also restore Charlemont, Marienbourg, Bouvines,
Chateau Thierry and other places seized since the beginning of the
last troubles, in such wise that the Estates may send in their own
governors and troops for the service of his Majesty.
7. At the same time the Estates will discharge their troops,
retaining for safety against French and Germans, six regiments
selected by them and 1,000 horse, until the peace of the country
is assured. These shall swear to maintain the treaties, and shall be
distributed at the discretion of the Estates.
8. His Highness will order the governors of provinces, especially
Burgundy and Luxembourg, not to allow any foreign troops to
pass to the detriment of the country, and the Estates on their side
will do what they can to the same end.
9. When his Highness has left Namur, all hostilities shall cease
on either side, and all prisoners shall be placed in the hands of the
Prince and Crafts of Liége, to be set free on the surrender of the
towns named above.
10. Goods taken on either side shall be restored bonâ fide even
though his Highness, the Estates, or others have profited thereby ;
rights of individuals being guaranteed.
11. But with regard to offices, etc., held by those who have
separated from the Estates, inasmuch as it not yet convenient that
they should be reinstated, the matter shall be determined after the
Germans have departed, other towns and other places have been
taken over by the Grand Council at Mechlin, certain provincial
councillors taking part in the decision with the Estates General.
Meantime the said offices shall remain in abeyance, the Estates,
in case of need, nominating persons to be commissioned by his
Majesty to do the duties of them.
12. For greater peace and quietness, when his Highness has sent
away the Germans now in Breda, Ruremonde, Deventer, Campen,
and elsewhere, the magistrates and citizens of those towns shall
make oath that they will not receive any other garrison without
the privity of his Highness and the advice and consent of the
Estates, and that they will maintain the Catholic religion and the
obedience due to his Majesty.
13. The same shall be done if not already done in places where
there has formerly been a garrison.
14. The provinces will take the necessary order for the avoiding
of tumults and the restoration of the country to peace.
15. His Highness, pending the arrival of his successor, shall retire
to Luxembourg, and thence govern the country with the advice of
the Council of State, which shall reside wherever the Estates think
fit. All matters shall be settled in pursuance of the pacification,
by a majority, one of whom shall countersign all dispatches, etc.,
failing which these shall be of no effect. Having regard to the
small numbers of the Council, the Estates shall appoint assessors
to act conjointly with them.
16. His Highness shall do what he can to persuade his Majesty
to send another Governor of the blood royal.
17. Further he must renounce all leagues and confederations that
may have been made since the late discontents.
18. And whereas his Majesty commands that the pacification of
Ghent shall be carried into effect, his Highness shall do his best
to have the Count of Buren set at liberty and restored to this
country, to wheresoever the Estates may be assembled two months
19. Inasmuch as the Estates hold themselves obliged to the Queen
of England for the good friendship and neighbourly assistance used
by her towards them, and for the affection which she bears to his
Majesty, she shall be comprised in this treaty, in confirmation of the
ancient alliance between the princes of that crown and the town of
20. If any difficulty arises in carrying out the above-mentioned
points, or the ultimate accomplishment of former pacifications, or
any other matter calls for settlement, his Highness and the Estates
shall depute Commissioners.
21. All this shall be carried out under the authority of his
Majesty and his Lieutenant-General, with the advice and consent
of the Estates.
22. And this agreement shall be confirmed by a solemn oath
upon the Holy Gospels.—Brussels, 25 Sept. 1577.
Copy. Endd. and annotated by L. Tomson. Fr. 6½ pp.
[Holl. and Fland. II. 121.]
To clauses 19 and 21 is appended in the margin apparently in
Davison's hand : addition de son Excellence.
Copy. Fr. Endd. in Fr. 5 pp. [Ibid. II. 122.]
Another copy of the above, from clause 7, in same hand
as No. 246 (Qy. Fremyn).
Fr. 4 pp. [Ibid. II. 123.]
K. d. L. ix.
264. DAVISON : "A summary Report of the Prince of Orange
his entry into Brussels September 22, 1577.
On Sunday, September 21, at 11 p.m., the tide so falling out,
his Excellency, with the Estates' Commissioners, myself, and other
gentlemen took boat at Antwerp, and at 4 a.m. landed at Willebrock,
where the river, made 14 or 15 years since by the town of
Brussels, has its first 'scluse.' There his Excellency stayed till
eight, by which time the Bruxellers had placed boats at every lock,
very neatly and finely decked, for his transport up the river. At
the second lock he was met by 200 Bruxellers, who with those of
Antwerp marched on the banks all the way. At every lock the
numbers increased, where they stood to receive him with numbers
of people, who strewed the way with boughs and flowers as he went
from one boat to another. At the lock by Villevorde he was met by
so many armed burgesses, as, with those that had before received
him, were reckoned to amount to above 30 ensigns. On the water
they had ordained to meet him at that lock three boats very gallantly
hung with red cloth, as near as they could get it to the orange
colour, in the largest of which they had placed their pageants and
shows with divers kinds of music. At this lock his Excellency
stayed awhile, and was welcomed with four speeches alluding to
their pageants, setting forth the stories of Joseph, Moses, and
David, deliverers of God's people. And almost at the gate of
Brussels they had set forth the picture of Ganymedes [sic] slaying
of a monster in the water, and saving of a lady chained to a tree
ready to be devoured thereof, where likewise his Excellency was
entertained with another solemn speech alluding to that fable.
Which finished he entered the town, and was received by the Duke
of Aerschot, the Prince de Chimay his son, Count Lalaing, Egmont,
and Bossu, and the rest of the nobility, and by them conducted to
his own house. That night he supped with the Duke of Aerschot,
and the next day feasted the Lords at his own house, having been
before dinner at the town house, where the Estates offered him the
place of President among them, which he utterly refused. But the
next day falling to serious affairs they resolved to dispatch Commissioners
missioners once again to his Highness, whereunto was departed the
Bishop of Bruges and M. de Willerval, who this day departed towards
Namur, having orders to return in four days with a final
resolution of peace or war.
Brussels, September 25, 1577.
Endd. by Walsingham. 1 p. [Holl. and Fland. II. 124.]
265. Another copy of the same. [Ibid. II. 125.]