March 1578, 21-25


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'Elizabeth: March 1578, 21-25', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 12: 1577-78 (1901), pp. 557-569. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73320 Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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March 1578, 21-25

March 21. 723. Another copy of the above ; but for the words between * * is substituted: Up to the number of 5,000 horse and 6,000 foot, which they hereby accept. . . .—Antwerp, 21 March 1578. Copy. Fr. 1½ pp. [Holl. and Fl. V. 90.]
724. Another copy. Endd. by L. Tomson, and in a later hand. Fr. 2 pp. [Ibid. V. 91.]
725. Another copy. Endd. by Daniel Rogers. Fr. 1½ pp. [Ibid. V. 92.]
726. Another copy. 'The States' second answer.' Marginal notes by L. Tomson. Fr. 2 pp. [For. E.B. Misc. II.]
March 22.
K. d. L. x. 340.
727. NOTES on LOW COUNTRY matters, for the COUNCIL.
1. How to satisfy the Marquis of Havrech as to the Queen not sending her forces.
2. Whether the Queen shall not help them if they do not obtain peace otherwise.
3. By what means peace is to be sought for them.
4. If forces are granted them what things are to be thought of.
1. The Queen had the following reasons to stay the sending of forces : (1) Hearing that Count Lalaing and other Governors of provinces had declared that they would not agree to have forces from England. (2) That Casimir was not likely to come to their aid, as was stated by the Marquis, since without his cavalry her Majesty could not confidently commit her forces, being footmen, to the Low Countries. (3) She understood that if her forces went into the Low Countries the French King would openly send forces to aid Don John. She concluded therefore to lend Casimir 20,000l. to levy a larger force than hers would have been, viz. : footmen and horsemen, and also to give credit for 100,000l., and if necessary lend Casimir another 20,000l. on security for repayment.
2. She will be forced to aid them rather than see them overcome by Spaniards or by French. The causes are too many and too apparent for avoiding inevitable [sic] danger to herself and the Crown.
3. It is honourable to send to the Low Countries some persons of value, credit and wisdom to move both parties to peace, and first to a surceance [sic] of arms, and if the failure comes from Don John then to let him know her Majesty's resolution.
4. To agree upon numbers and pay. The charges must be cast for levying the loan and for transport. A place assigned where they may have a staple for victuals and for refuge ; it must be on the seaside. How it shall be guarded. When payment by the States shall begin.
Draft in Burghley's hand. Endd. 3 pp. [Holl. and Fl. V. 93.]
March 23.
K. d. L. x. 342.
By the States' answer in writing to Mr. Rogers' proposals and by his own relation, you may so well understand in what part her Highness' last resolution is taken, that I need say no more. However, I would not forget to advertise you thus much, that the matter turning out contrary to their hope—for they had confidence that though her Majesty might delay to see what issue affairs would grow to, she would go through with her resolution— has been of so hard digestion that several of the Estates have since earnestly insisted with the Prince and Council to find some suitable means of peace, for seeing that her Majesty had changed her first resolution to another which could not, as they thought, yield that fruit which she intended and their affairs required (because our 6,000 men would have been there ere this, while Casimir's reiters and foot cannot come down in ten or twelve weeks, a delay that the present state of things will hardly suffer), and seeing that they cannot reckon on open assistance from her Majesty or any other neighbour, and cannot of themselves go through with this war, they thought it unmeet to prefer a doubtful war to a tolerable peace, if it might be had, and therefore prayed the Council to consider the two following means :—One, that whereas the Emperor had made an overture of peace and offered himself as mediator, they should send someone to him to 'labour' his favour in that behalf ; the other, that as M. de Selles had written to him from Liége to send deputies there to meet the commissioners of the Emperor and the Duke of Cleves, making them hope that things would fall out to their profit and satisfaction, they thought it fitting to send someone to them to see what hope there was in that behalf. And although the Prince and others showed the danger of this counsel the matter is not so quenched, but that someone or other blows every day at that coal ; the rather because they have since heard by M. de Famars that there is a new difficulty propounded about the obligations. The uncertainty of that negotiation and the extra charge they will be at in entertaining the troops which they have allowed Casimir above his first proportion instead of her Majesty's forces is the reason why I can get no decided answer to the proposal you wished me to make to the Prince for the entertainment of certain gentlemen of our nation who were desirous to come over to serve. Of this I stand in doubt, whether the States have money or none ; partly for the reasons aforesaid, partly because having made their computation they will hardly entertain more, partly because the ill government of our nation among them has heretofore been such that they are loth to entertain unless her Majesty intermeddles openly in the cause. But you may treat of this with the Marquis. La Fugiere sent from the Duke of Alençon departed hence last week with only a general answer ; the States taking time to advise as to his proposals on behalf of the Duke, who has since by a letter of the 9th inst. solicited a decided answer, which is yet suspended. The enemy has attempted nothing since his entry into Bins, but is said to have divided his camp into two parts, one marching to besiege Philippeville, where are nine companies of soldiers under M. de Floreines ; the other going to 'At,' a town about four leagues from Mons towards Flanders. The former, if those within do their part, is able to occupy the enemy for seven or eight weeks. There is news that some practice intended upon the town of Arras was discovered this week, and that the Bishop, with one Vasseur, who has a son secretary to Don John, and others, have been apprehended. M. du Riove, with 1,000 foot and 150 lancers from Ghent, entered Bruges the 20th inst. by means of intelligence in the town, which having been suspected is now at their devotion. The details I think you may understand from Mr. Allen, who, as I guess, was in the town just then. Count Adolph de 'Newnare,' a German, very honest, religious, and well-affected to our nation, is gone to-day, sent by the Archduke to the Emperor and divers Princes of Germany, to let them know the state of things here ; to desire assistance against Don John, or if that cannot be obtained to procure license for the levying of 10,000 reiters and 3,000 lansquenets in the Empire ; to complain to the Emperor of the injury he does his brother by giving Don John the title due to him by the election of the States, and that having written divers letters to his Majesty he has received no answer—in short to let him know the desperate course these countries will be driven to take if the Emperor and Empire abandon them. But men are in great doubt what success his negotiations will have.—23 March 1578 [sic]. Draft. Endd. 3 pp. [Ibid. V. 94.]
March 23.
K. d. L. x. 345.
729. JACQUES DE ROSSEL, Mustermaster, to BURGHLEY.
My affection to her Majesty's service and goodwill towards the English nation, known to all here, and especially to her Majesty's ambassador, has made me bold to write to you, urged thereto by M. Edouart Odessa [Woodshawe], who has assured me that you like to hear from men who know what is going on. Affairs at present progress variously among this motley crew. The French are keenly interested, especially the Duke of Alençon and his agents here, who are practising by endless and incredible means in divers parts of the country to gain possession of several places in Artois, Flanders, and Hainault, having, as is asserted, persons at their devotions ; the most part of these have by any means been discovered and matters set right by the Council of State, some of whom cleverly feign to favour their party, which causes affairs to be delayed, although the Duke importunately solicits for dispatch. M. de Willerval, who is high in his favour, starts shortly as the bearer of some words to satisfy him and stir him up to show some of that goodwill which he professes to bear towards the Low Countries. He has already been assured that having executed these proposals and obtained the eldest Infanta of Spain (of which he assures himself) the Estates will be very well-affected towards him. This talk is mere play ; he promises himself that he will perform some feat of notice in this country, whence he will get great advantage. For my part, I doubt that such a course will turn out more injurious than advantageous to him, knowing the country and climate. I will not pursue this subject further, as you will hear all details from your ambassador. As for Don John's present state, they are following up their victory, taking little towns in the open country for the sake of victuals and refreshment, all his people being starved and overworked. He himself is at Namur, awaiting some reinforcement of Spaniards and Italians—in less numbers than he thought, as I know on sure authority. In the hope of this succour he had consented to the French abstaining from coming to his aid under pretext of some discontent. He has been frustrated of the hope he had of intelligence within Maestricht, Mons, Bruges and Arras, which have all been discovered and set right by extraordinary means, as you may have heard, so that the enemy does not dare to attack defended towns without further forces. When they arrive his plan may be to assault Philippeville. These are some of the occurrents to serve as an earnest for your acceptance.—Antwerp, 23 March 1578. Add. Endd. by Burghley : 29 April [sic], 1578, Jaq. de Rosse, Commissioner of Musters in the Low Countries. Fr. 2 pp. [Ibid. V. 95.]
March 24.
K. d. L. x. 347.
After conferring with Mr. Davison on the 15th inst. respecting my charge, I went the same afternoon to the Prince, who granted me audience at once. After presenting her Majesty's commendations and delivering such letters as I had for him, I told him how her Majesty had understood by Mr. Leighton's report in what need he and the States stood of aid against Don John ; the daily increase of whose forces had caused her to resolve upon certain means whereby their present danger might be relieved and greater dangers avoided. Which means, though they might seem different from her former resolution, if he would well consider the matter in itself he would not find it so, and she thought to perform their desire with greater advantage if he weighed the inconveniences that were likely to ensue from the first plan. With that I pointed out that he could not be ignorant of the French King's intention to employ part of his forces upon the Low Countries if any forces were sent from England, conceiving that whatever colour her Majesty made of aiding them her intention and meaning were to impatronise herself of the country, and although she were far from such intention, yet as he could not be removed from this opinion he inclined to a course which would turn them to a worse inconvenience if they could not be content to resolve with her Majesty upon a better remedy. I added that she was perplexed both with the aforesaid intention and with other matters touching herself, but had found an expedient way to meet all inconveniences, and no less sufficient for their relief. It was her pleasure that I should open this first to him and afterwards to the States. Then I told him of Dr. Beutrich's coming to England, by whom her Majesty had learnt the request made to Duke Casimir by the States to bring to their aid a certain number of troops. Her Majesty found that the Duke could easily be induced hereto, if the States desired him to bring a number competent for his honour and surety. And as she well understood of what value he was and saw that the Estates were partly entered into the same way already, she thought well to ask him to levy in place of his own force 5,000 horse and 6,000 Swiss, to be employed in the defence and under his charge, for furnishing which levy I affirmed she had made an overture to her minister, being at her Court, of a present disbursement of 20,000l., and another 20,000l. to be received the day of the muster, 'out of' [qy. = extra] the sum of 100,000l., for which the Estates were to receive her bonds. Yet I affirmed that if before the time of the muster the Estates should not be able to take up either the whole of the aforesaid 100,000l. or part of the same on her Majesty's bonds, by means of which they should be unable to furnish the pay that would be then required, whereby the whole service might be endangered, she would be content to disburse the same likewise rather than they should be disappointed of so necessary an aid. By this way the Estates would through her provision receive more men and money than before was agreed upon. I besought him therefore to do his best to persuade the Estates to allow what her Majesty thought so requisite for their preservation. Here I stayed, making no mention of any conditions, to hear what he would answer. He heard me very attentively, and perceiving that I expected an answer, began as his manner is to answer the points in order as I had proposed them. First he said he was glad of my coming ; he knew me well and would be glad to have occasion to show his goodwill towards me. Touching the matter itself it was not private, but touched the whole state, and therefore he could not yet say what the Estates would answer, but 'in form of discourse' he meant to say his opinion. It might so fall out that the Estates' answer would be like what I should hear from him. He marvelled at nothing so much as that her Majesty had changed her former determination, which not only would have bound the Low Countries to her forever, but would also have been most honourable to her in all respects. He affirmed she had first of all offered her own soldiers, so that he could not enough wonder she should alter her resolution when it was concluded, and here he repeated the negotiation and how the Estates had sent the Marquis of Havrech into the Low Countries [sic]. He confessed the Estates had committed the first fault in refusing English soldiers at the beginning, but that by his procuring they had at last concluded and order was sent to the Marquis in October to consult with her for the sending of English soldiers. If they had come, "without all peradventure," quoth he, "Don John had not after this sort won towns, as he since has done." Her Majesty had promised that she would first send to the King of Spain and Don John, and if an answer were not returned according to her expectation she would declare herself. Mr. Leighton at his second return to him had promised she would send the aid agreed upon. "Now all the fault will be laid on me," quoth he, "and my enemies will be glad they have got an occasion to say that if the Prince of Orange had not without the Estates to depend on the Queen of England they had received succour from some other place or otherwise provided for themselves, whereas now they have not only lost much time in awaiting help from England, but are yet to lose two months at least, for Duke Casimir cannot be with them for eight or nine weeks." He added that no fault brought greater inconvenience in time of war than losing time. "I pray God," said he, "Count Lalaing, Artois, and Hainault take not a sudden resolution and enter into covenants with the French when they perceive they have yet two months to wait." Here he mentioned M. de Feugere, lately sent from the Duke of Alençon to the States, whose negotiations need not be repeated here. Touching the number which her Majesty ascribed to Duke Casimir, he said the Duke would be content with 4,000 reiters and 5,000 foot. He had referred the matter to Beutrich, his councillor. He thought the Estates would be better pleased if the money to be paid to Casimir were handed to them. They had already sent him 24,000 dollars. The reiters were to have 32,000 florins a month for each 1,000 of them. He looked for 5,000 reiters in the course of that week, but meanwhile all the damage the States had received and would receive till succour came arose from the loss of time and breach of promise. I replied that her Majesty had altered her first resolution for their advantage, while the loss of time was not so much her fault as the Estates', who by the end of January had not yet all agreed to receive English soldiers. Count Lalaing, with the provinces of Artois and Hainault, as he himself had told me on my return from Germany, had withstood the decision of the rest, and though the Marquis might have come to terms with her Majesty in October it was not till the beginning of February that M. de Famars came with the consent of the Estates. I hoped therefore he would further her last resolution, which if the Estates liked I was forthwith to go to Casimir that he might accelerate his aid. I added that I had letters from her Majesty to his Highness and the Estates, and should be glad to have my audience hastened. He answered that he would do his best, but he was afraid if her Majesty took no further steps the Estates would come to terms with others, and he doubted of the Hollanders' and Zealanders' constancy in defending the religion if she withdrew the sending of the Earl of Leicester. He feared, too, that the obligations would not profit them as much as they would have done if her promise had been kept, and that the change in her resolution might hinder her credit abroad. As for my audience he would procure it diligently. This was the sum of my talk with him on the 15th. On leaving him I went to the Princess' chamber and delivered the Queen's letter, adding that the handkerchiefs which she had sent were acceptable to her Majesty. Having read the letter she said she was glad that her Majesty had taken them in good worth. She wished for nothing so much as occasion to show her duty to her Majesty, with many words of entire affection towards her prosperity. She asked of her Majesty's health and how my Lord of Leicester did, and trusted she should see me often before my departure.—Antwerp, 24 March 1578. Add. Endd. 4½ pp. [Holl. and Fl. V. 98.]
March 24.
K. d. L. x. 351.
The Prince promised on the 15th to procure me audience, and on the following day I was appointed to meet the Council of State at eleven and to be with the States-General at four. He who brought the message spoke to Mr. Davison, who was then otherwise engaged about eleven, and not knowing that the message was to me told me nothing of it. Consequently I did not go to the Council at eleven. In the afternoon M. Villiers came, and from him I heard of the mistake, and was desired to come to the Estates. He thought they would have appointed some to deal with me, for there is little secresy where there are so many hearers. When I came to them, I told them that upon Mr. Leighton's report of their State, her Majesty had resolved upon certain means to relieve them, and had sent me to declare them. I presented her letter and desired them to consider whether it were better I should make any relation to them or they appoint some to deal with me. They opened her Majesty's letter and read it, afterwards desiring me to retire into a chamber hard by, and they would consult on my proposal. I was soon called back, and one of them in the name of the whole informed me that they thought it good to desire me to open to them all my charge, seeing the letter was written to them generally. I then began to explain the means her Majesty had thought best for their relief, as I send herewith in French [see No. 701], and delivered the same to them in writing. The message was very acceptable to them. They said they would confer with the Council of State, and desired me to address myself to them ; they would send me word in the morning when I could have audience, and thanked me for my pains. In the morning about eight the Prince sent to me, desiring me to come to his Highness and the Council. I went at once to the Court, where I was brought into the Archduke's inner chamber, where he was with Leoninus and Adolf Meetkerke, both councillors. I was desired before I came to speak in Latin, that his Highness might understand, and did so, according to the copy I send herewith. After he had heard all, with a smiling and amicable countenance he thanked her Majesty for her remembrance of him and her care for the countries, and said he would deliberate with the Council, advising me to put everything in writing and send it to him, which I did the same day, the 17th. On the 18th I went to salute the Duke of Aerschot, M. Schetz, Allegonde, Lisvelt and Meetkerke, to whom I commended my negotiations and asked them to hasten an answer. On the 19th I returned to the Prince to enquire how my message was liked by the Estates, and to communicate 'inwardly' with him touching the Earl of Leicester's affection to him and such companies of Englishmen as were 'well bent' to serve him, according to your and my Lord Treasurer's instructions. He said that the Estates had that day sent to the Council, requesting him and the others, as the Queen would not permit the Earl of Leicester to come with such aid as was covenanted, to send at once to the Emperor and M. de Selles for a peace, or to find other ways of succour, which I heard afterwards from others. As to the Earl of Leicester, he said that his only coming and countenancing them would have stood the States instead of 6,000 men, and the 6,000 Englishmen under his charge would have been worth 12,000, for he knew of what consequence was an English soldier under so noble, wise, and courteous a Count. He said that the States would have been proud of his arrival, but would not much esteem English companies unless led by some nobleman of their country. He would try to have my answer hastened, and that it might agree with her Majesty's expectation. On the 20th he sent word the answer was made, and I should have it the 21st. As it was not ready on the 22nd, I went to some of the Council, asking them to further it, and also went to his Excellency to have it accelerated. He told me the contents of it ; the difficulty was that the Estates would have the Duke to come with only 4,000 horse and 5,000 foot. I replied that the diminution of the number might hinder the effect of the aid which her Majesty wished them to have, and that she wished the Duke to be accompanied by a greater number. I feared he would not come with a smaller number than I had mentioned, and I should be loath to make so great a journey in vain. He answered that the country could not nourish so many horsemen and that the Duke was content to come with 4,000 reiters and 5,000 foot. I began to answer that in case of necessity her Majesty thought it better to have store than want ; that in great numbers all persons were not of the same value, and a multitude often encouraged when small numbers would dismay among mercenary men ; if the Estates wished to deduct any, it were best to decide to retain him who was likely to be most assured to them ; her Majesty understood that among those whom they meant to call to their service were some to whom the King of Spain was greatly indebted, and if so inconveniences might be wrought by the enemy such as might endanger their whole forces ; she was sure they they had no captain of greater value or on whom they might more safely rely than Duke Casimir, and no general would choose his people better ; in sum, that she thought he was the only man that might stand them to great purpose, and that side might think itself happy to whose succour he should incline. Further, I 'avouched' that the sea being free to the States, they would lack no oats. He confessed all this to be true, and would be well content, if the States would be brought to it, that the Duke came with the number proposed, and he was minded to persuade them to it. Afterwards he sent me word that the Estates had agreed upon 5,000 horse and 5,000 foot. At last they concluded not to change the number her Majesty prescribed. Dr. Beutrich says he heard that the Count of Swartzenburche [Schwarzburg] especially envied the large number which Casimir was to bring, and affirms that the Prince was in some jealousy of the Duke, for if he came the Estates might perhaps prefer him before the Prince. M. Villiers told me another reason, which was that the Prince thought he could better rule the Duke if he came with a less number. On Sunday, the 23rd, about twelve o'clock, his Highness and the Council sent for me. I came at once, trusting to receive my answer, as happened. The Archduke commanded Leoninus to declare it to me in the presence of MM. Froidmont, Willerval, Frezin, the Seneschal of Hainault, Dannevitz, and others. He commended the Earl of Leicester, and how happy they would have been if they might have seen him in the Low Countries. He said his Highness and the Estates would not yet despair of his coming. His Latin speech being contained in the answer which I send herewith, I need not make long discourse of it. I answered that her Majesty would be glad to aid their necessities, especially if she understood that they so ordered their affairs that some good result might ensue. As for the Earl of Leicester, I avouched that he was most troubled in mind that he could not come as promised, and how gladly he would hazard all he has to serve his Highness and the Estates ; if he did not come the fault was not in him. Meanwhile he would stand them in good stead, abiding with her Majesty. Then I requested those present that I might have in writing the promise Leoninus spoke of, viz., that as soon as Casimir had received the money they would deliver the obligation into the hands of her Majesty's agent. They promised I should have it this day, and his Highness also gave me his letters to her Majesty and to the Marquis of Havrech, desiring I would commend him heartily to my Lord of Leicester. I have not yet received the promise in writing ; if I had I would at once depart towards Duke Casimir. They have promised to send one with me to him, and I hope to go on the 26th, as soon as I have received their promise.—Antwerp, 24 March 1578. Add. Endd. by Wilson. 4⅓ pp. [Ibid. V. 96.]
March 24.
K. d. L. x. 355.
I have had much to do before I could obtain the full number for Duke Casimir to be granted. The Estates General made no difficulty, but certain particular men who are to have charge withstood, being moved by ambition. Dr. Beutrich affirms that the Duke will make all possible expedition, and by the letters he writes it would appear he is most ready. But Beutrich has had to do here with the Prince of Orange, not with the Prince of Condé, who gave him 1,000 crowns every month for his pay. The Prince of Orange, who knows how to levy reiters, means to give nothing for doctors' stipends, which made him treat this coldly, thinking he would have dealt with the Prince to have constrained him to win him with a stipend. He stood upon three things : what aid the Estates would give his master in case the King of Spain made war upon him ; that they should make no peace without his master's consent ; and that he should know who would command the Duke in the camp, for Count 'Swarthenburche' seeks to be the Archduke's lieutenant. But I understood the Prince himself will go to the camp and take the Archduke with him. Beutrich is afraid only that the other 20,000l. which are to be paid at the muster, will not be ready in time, which may hinder the expedition. This morning he sent me the schedule enclosed. I asked if 2,000 or 3,000 Englishmen might not serve among the Duke's footmen to make up the 6,000, which he likes well, and I doubt not but the Duke will like better. Of this I have spoken with Mr. Davison, but I must first receive order from you ; wherefore I beseech you to let me know by this bearer, Robert Browne, her Majesty's decision. If she is content, then let order be taken, the best gentlemen to have charge ; for Morgaine has been so importunate here that the Prince has been wearied to hear English soldiers mentioned. Besides this, Dr. Beutrich received letters yesterday from the Duke, which he communicated to me ; in which he adds among other things that the Elector, his brother, has a very good opinion of me, and wishes me to bring some letter from her Majesty to him, both to congratulate on the accord between the brethren and to further the cause of the religion against the Ubiquitaries. He writes that the Count of Mompelgart, heir to the Duke of Wirtemberg, being set on by the said Duke, has imprisoned some of the citizens of Mompelgart for withstanding the book of Dr. Andreas ; which when the Swiss heard (who have a league with the said country for the defence of the religion), they sent an ambassage that if he did not deliver them at once they would enter his country with 20,000 men to teach him to maintain the religion better. Whereupon the Count forthwith delivered them, and sent into the town to desire the magistrate to come and dine with him, who yet would not come. This stoutness of the Switzers will do much good. There is a Diet at Worms at present for the affairs of the Low Countries, beginning on the 15th inst. The Estates mean to send thither, and Allegonda is named. Adolf, Count of Newenar, departed yesterday towards the Emperor, sent by the Archduke and the States. I have long known him, and as he heard that I was sent hither, being well affected to her Majesty, he communicated his instructions to me, written in the Archduke's name, but projected by the Prince. He is to tell the Emperor that his brother and the Estates marvel he does not so much as write to the Archduke, who departed from him with his consent. Besides he does injury as it were to his brother in calling Don John still Governor, seeing the Estates have with one consent rejected him and pronounced Matthias Governor. He desires his aid for the Low Countries as appertaining to the Empire, and to procure that the Tenth Circle be commanded to aid them, as members of that circle. Also to give leave for 10,000 reiters to come for their service and to prevent the marching of Don John's, and to banish and proscribe Colonel 'Powlwiller.' He is to give the Emperor plainly to understand that unless he helps them against Don John, whom he calls a Bastard and unworthy to be counted amongst Princes, the Estates will be compelled to provide for themselves otherwise, to his prejudice. When the instructions were 'opened' to the Estates on the 22nd, some of them were so angry that they said if the Emperor would not aid his brother, they would send him back ; for why should they pay him 120,000 florins a year if he could not obtain his own brother's protection. If you think it good that her Majesty should permit Englishmen to serve the Duke and expedient that she write to the Elector Palatine, I hope you will have it in remembrance.—Antwerp, 24 March 1578. Add. Forwarded to Walsingham and endd. by L. Tomson. 2½ pp. [Ibid. V. 97.]
March 24.
K. d. L. x. 357.
I have written three letters touching my negotiation to you and Mr. Secretary Walsingham. As for other occurrents, though no doubt Mr. Davison has written largely, I could not but write somewhat to my Lord of Leicester ; which I send herewith to you, asking you to read it, seal it, and have it delivered. They are long in answering here, and I did not receive their decision till twelve o'clock yesterday. Among others who do well here, none are comparable to those of Ghent. They have taken order that one of every ten must serve as a soldier, and the other nine must entertain him ; and having lately understood what friends Don John had in Bruges and Ypres, they sent 2,000 to Bruges on the 20th, and sent also to Ypres, and have secured those towns. I come at a desperate season, as you will understand by my letter to the Earl of Leicester. 'The good Prince travaileth wondrously to conserve these men, and winneth credit daily.' He is sorry that the Earl of Leicester does not come. I have told him my Lord's affection towards him, and he answers that is the cause which makes him the more melancholic because he does not come. The Princess thinks that after him there is none in England to whom she is more beholden than you, and she would have been glad to have had your daughter, in order that she might have shown her thanks to you. M. 'Allegonda,' Meetkerke, Lisvelt, Frezin, and whom I should have named first, the Duke, 'have them heartily commended to you, so [too] that Loodwick Guiciardin.' I am waiting to have their promises in writing, which they must give for the obligations to be made, when they hear that Casimir has received the 20,000l. I send an epigram upon Casimir, which I made before, but have altered it. I send two copies of my negotiation, one as I spoke it in Latin to his Highness, the other in French, as I delivered it to the Estates. Please show the Latin to the Lord Treasurer, who at my departure told me I deserved not only a pension, but a good office. If you think it might do me good to show it to her Majesty, please do so. Don John is gone with most of his army towards Philippeville, where Baron Florian holds the town with eight ensigns.—Antwerp, 24 March 1578.
Appended is an epigram of 18 elegiac lines, as follows :
Epigramma ad illustrem heroem, Joannem Casimirum, Religionis et Reip. acerrimum vindicem.
Cum Medicaea suis Medea furoribus orbem, Imprimis Gallas implicuisset opes :
Diraque pontificis jam ferveret ira Quirini, Ac fureret miris Gallia foeta viris :
Cum contra dirasque pyras, virusque malignum, Nil opis aspiceret credita turba Deo :
Bis juvere tui pressos, Casimire, leones, Bisque comes signis Mars fuit ipse tuis.
Tum via vi patuit : tibi nam quae impervia tanto? Qui comitem raptas in sacra bella Deum.
Mox diraeque pyrae virusque recessit inerme Imperio miro, dux Casimire, tuo ;
Mirandasque duplex fregit victoria diras, Unde suo canitur cum duce palma duplex,
Quod si nunc simili succurras ordine Belgis, Quos Hispana truci verberat ira manu :
Palma triplex celso te iure sacrarit Olympo, Ac Mire-mirus, non Quasi-mirus eris.
Daniel Rogersius, bene merito Lib. Pos.
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Ibid. V. 99.]
March 25. 734. The ESTATES' PROMISE for the OBLIGATION to be made.
This day, the 25th March 1578, the States-General hereby promise Mr. Daniel Rogers, ambassador from the Queen of England, that they will deliver to her resident ambassador proper and sufficient obligation for the sum of 20,000l. sterling to be repaid to her or her agent one year after the date of the said obligation. They will give it in the same form as that given before for a similar sum lent them by her Majesty in the year preceding this. This they promise to do as soon as it shall appear that the said sum has been received by Duke Casimir. They will give a similar form if in addition to this sum her Majesty advances them another 20,000l. (Signed), Cornelius Weellemans. Copy. Endd. by D. Rogers. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid. V. 100.]
735. Another copy. Endd. by D. Rogers. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid. V. 101.]
735 (bis). Another copy. Fr. 1 p. [For. E.B. Misc. II.]