May 1580, 1-15


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'Elizabeth: May 1580, 1-15', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 14: 1579-1580 (1904), pp. 255-266. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73449 Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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May 1580, 1-15

May 3. 284. COBHAM to BURGHLEY.
In my former letter I told you of the Italian who had proffered to me a device whereby her Majesty might make money without 'exacting on' her subjects. You may perceive whither the party is now gone, by his letter which I enclose. Since Queen Mother's return from Monsieur there appears no alteration. But a quarrel has burst out between the Duke of Montpensier and the Duke of Nevers, occasioned thus. Whereas Montpensier when last with his Highness at Angiers declared that when the Duke of Nevers last departed from the king he showed small respect in offering the king to follow his Highness, and take upon him to bring him alive or dead ; this being spoken in Monsieur's cabinet was reported to the Duke of Nevers, and further words have passed therein. So that Montpensier and his son the Prince Dauphin seem as if they would frame a quarrel thereon, and have drawn some of their followers to them. The king however has sent Secretary Villeroy to Monsieur to appease this matter, and the displeasure which the King of Navarre has conceived, through which he has taken occasion to strengthen himself to the number of 4,000 shot and 300 or 400 horse, etc. Now the 'gentlemen Protestants' of Languedoc and Poitou have taken some places for their safeguard and stand upon their defence, having been advertised that some sudden enterprise was preparing against them. On April 30 came hither Don Francisco Barretto, sent by the Governors of Portugal. I have visited him, and learn from him that Don Bernaldo Monis is appointed to repair 'on message' to her Majesty. This ambassador two days after his coming despatched a messenger into Flanders, for favour of the States to transport, by means of Stephano Nunez, a Portuguese, armour and other warlike preparations. On May 1, Vargas, the Spanish agent here, dispatched a post to Bordeaux to signify this Portuguese ambassador's coming. I enclose a copy of the King of Navarre's letter to his Queen after his departure from her ; also a copy of advertisements received from sundry places.—Paris, 3 May 1580. P.S.—Since writing my last I am told that the King has agreed with Augustino Susarini [sic] for the sum of 25,000 crowns to be assured him at Venice, as an entire sum, without any yearly pension, so far as I can learn. Add. Seal. Endd. 1 p. [France IV. 65.]
284.* Enclosures in the above :— (1) An offer to make known a method by which 'a great many thousand crowns' can be raised without any additional taxation of any kind, or any monopoly ; on condition that five per cent. of all money so raised be guaranteed to the writer. Cobham adds : I have sent a copy hereof to her Majesty, certifying that I have only informed your lordship thereof, as the chief person that deals for her revenues and advancement of profits ; beseeching that I may understand whether the party may repair into England and to whom he may be addressed, if this offer be so to her Majesty's liking that she will hear more of it. Add. Seal. Ital. 1 p. [Ibid. IV. 65a.] (2) Another copy. ¾ p. [Ibid. IV. 65a. (2).] (3) Translation of the King of Navarre's letter to his wife, given in Lettres Missives de Henri IV. under April 10. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. 65b.]
May 3. 285. COBHAM to [the SECRETARIES].
The Bishop of Glasgow came to me on Wednesday the 27th [April] and informed me that he was advertised that M. Mauvissière had moved the Queen to deal in the favour of the Scottish Queen, in respect she has had a great part of her dowry taken from her ; whereof he lamented much to me, and declared the manner of it with sundry circumstances. And since he did 'dilate' this very much, I desired him to frame some brief note of the matter in writing ; which he has done, and I here inclose it, that you may show it to her Majesty. He then desired me to let him know when I received any commands for that purpose, so that he might at the same time take occasion to become a suitor to their Majesties here. But as I know well how the Scottish Queen gives pensions to sundry ill-disposed subjects of the Queen, I suppose that her Highness may rather think her dowry too much, except it were better employed ; considering how it is known that sundry of these Scottish pensioners are solicitors at Rome to move the Pope and the Consistory to bend their counsels and aids against her Majesty's states, and perform as it seems the like office in Spain. The consideration of this I leave to her Highness, beseeching you that, though I have in my former letters touched this point, she may now again hear of it. I have been moved to 'remember' thus much again, because it seems they could use her goodness to her own harm, as a means whereby the Scottish Queen should be the better able to furnish those English which depend on her. Some Scots have lately repined that her dowry is too little to bestow on the Queen's subjects ; but I hope they speak rather of malice than that there is just cause for it. Since the Bishop of Ross's return from Dieppe, where he has 'set forward' the Abbot of Lindores and other his loving countrymen to serve for sinews of d'Aubigny's faction, he says his mistress has written to him to deal stilly and warily in all causes concerning the Queen my sovereign, since she is now in good grace with some hope of favour. The said Bishop hears that Queen Mother moved Monsieur at this last interview to have the vacancy of the next bishopric or good abbey ; to which he answered that he had granted the next vacancy to 'Vervagues' ; but will see the Bishop satisfied. He has had 'sundry of his books' intituled De successionis jure Regnorum Angliœ et Hiberniœ printed in Latin at Rheims, whereof as he has opportunity he conveys numbers across the sea. The Earl of Crayford, surnamed Leslie, left Paris on April 28 for Orleans, purposing as I hear to pass into Italy. The king and the chief lords have been for three days past somewhat troubled with a quarrel between the Dukes of Montpensier and Nevers, which happened thus. The Duke of Montpensier when last at Angiers, in conference with Monsieur 'uttered' that he esteemed the Duke of Nevers not to be his good servant, for that at his last going from the king at Paris he voluntarily offered the king to follow him and bring him ; and also that he thought the same disposition towards his Highness continued still. Whereon la Fin being at that instant in Monsieur's cabinet, and not long after sent hither to the king, is said to have reported this speech of Montpensier in such a way that it came to the Duke of Nevers' hearing. Whereon, being greatly moved, he sent his lieutenant to Monsieur to justify his fidelity towards him, showing he honoured none but two, the king and his Highness, and that he would 'justify' that which was delivered of him to be false, and proved he lied, whosoever so reported of him, n[ot] 'taking knowledge' that it was the Duke of Montpensier. After the Duke of Nevers' gentleman had done this message to his Highness, he stayed some days in Angiers and delivered the like speeches among Monsieur's gentlemen ; which was by Fervaques, as they say, reported to the Duke of Montpensier. The Duke is much offended, and has taken to him some companies of gentlemen ; and the Prince Dauphin is in like sort repaired to his father with more than ordinary troops. It is reported here that they have entered Tours. The Duchess of Montpensier, sister to the Duke of Guise, is repaired to the Court, lamenting to the king in sharp words against the Duke of Nevers. The king seems disposed that the Duke of Montpensier should be favoured in this cause, and will have the Duke of Nevers slack his sails for this time. The Duke of Guise was asked by a gentleman of his how he would carry himself in the matter, being brother-in-law to both. He answered something merrily, and said he would muffle himself in his cloak and stand at a window and see them give the blow. The King has appointed Villeroy to put himself in readiness to go to Monsieur about these causes ; the rather that Monsieur is gone to Bourges to have conference with the King of Navarre, which interview is not desired here. And thereon Villeroy, as I am informed, has enquired of someone in this Court who is in c . . . . with Monsieur what were the things he most desired. It was answered that he chiefly wished the advancement of the amity with the Queen of England, the surcease of the civil wars, and that the Spanish King's greatness might be assuaged with some blows bestowed that way. Of these things I think I have been somewhat particularly and credibly informed. But whether there is understood by these shows an agreement in the dislike of civil wars, a good meaning to the House of Bourbon whereby to induce a marriage with the Princess of Navarre if that with her Majesty do not take place, or that these intelligences portend a reformation in the government of the State to the better satisfaction of all the principal natural French personages and so to ease the grievances of the commonalty, which as yet appears no further than as I have declared. But it is thought that before Midsummer these meetings and conferences will 'make show.' M. de Rohan is with the King of Navarre, but with small company of his own. The King of Navarre has 4,000 foot and 3 or 400 horse. I have been advertised by an Englishman, a friend of mine, from Angiers that Monsieur was honourably accompanied by many nobility of both religions, having altered the officers of his house, and made M. de Revery his Chancellor, a politic person and learned in the civil law, sometime president of the Parliament of Dijon, indifferently disposed in the causes of religion, but as I hear to be accounted somewhat affectionate to the House of Guise. Of Monsieur's Council and superintendent of his finances, is chosen M. Perrot, a man of great good fame and well affected to religion. Monsieur declares by letters and messages to all places that he will be a conservator of peace, and makes show to be against those who violently procure civil wars. Marshal de Retz arrived at Nantes in Easter week, where he has caused five galleys to be brought into the river. These have been rigged with much diligence, well furnished with artillery and put in readiness ; but to what purpose as yet appears not, though there are sundry conjectures. Captain Augustin the engineer remains with the Count de Retz, who has been at Belleisle, and is having it fortified, having brought thither two or three companies of soldiers. 'Upon that' the Protestants were by many means advertised and warned of certain secret practices against them, they immediately thought of their defence : whereon for their present succour, as it might be conveniently compassed 'in that sudden' they surprised sundry towns and castles. In Brittany they entered the town and castle of Montagu, with the castle of Toufu [qy. Thouaré or Carquefou?], two leagues from Nantes, and the town of Fontenay ; whereon the captain of Nantes has taken occasion to stand on his guard, being suspicious of these neighbours. In the same country there are many meetings of the gentlemen of the Religion at their houses, which prognosticates some further event ; showing that there is no solid quietness hoped for until by apparent action the suspicion can be made known. Don Francisco di Barretto, who was chamberlain to Don Sebastian, 'the last young King of Portugal,' came here on April 30, having been 15 days at sea, driven with contrary winds. At length he landed at Nantes, where he met the Count de Retz, from whom he came hither by the post, and has audience this afternoon. I 'was to visit' him the day after he came and was informed by him that the Governors intend to send Don Bernaldo Monis to the Queen ; but at his departure he had not been dispatched. Since his coming he has sent a courier into the Low Countries, with letters from the Governors to treat with the States for munitions and shot from thence. The day after his arrival the Spanish Agent sent a post to Bordeaux with letters certifying his arrival ; at which time Villeroy requested he might send the king's packet, but he made a false excuse, saying he would stay till the 'ordinary' came from Spain, but he sent notwithstanding. This Francisco Barretto was taken prisoner at the battle in Barbary when King Sebastian was slain, and returned but three months past in the company of the young Duke of 'Barseilles' ; of whom he gives out great commendation. I have in conference with Don Francisco Giraldi pointed out that the best confederation seems to be to join with the States of the Low Countries ; for their enemy is common to them both, and their two navies might reasonably well encounter the Castilian forces by sea, as also the Flemings might easily convey to them munitions and all other wants. If some marriage with the young Duke of Barseilles do not 'frame their assurance' here it is 'likest' that their most assured confederate will be the Fleming : for it must needs fall out profitable to them both, since they may then constrain the Catholic King to divide his forces. I have delivered but this taste hereof, for without her Majesty's command it is not fit for me to deal therein. I have visited the Prince of Wallachia, according to her command received in your last, accomplishing with speeches so much concerning her offer of writing to the Grand Seignior in his behalf, showing him clearly the sundry causes by which her Highness has been constrained to bestow her treasure ; and likewise signified how she must be upon the imminent danger compelled to procure of her subjects supplies of great sums to sustain her extraordinary charges of the Realm. To-day the prince visited me and informed me that a secretary has come from Germigny, this king's ambassador resident at Constantinople, by whom he hopes to receive letters ; having seen which, he will return to me and shew me his further desires. By letters from Italy it is stated that the Governor of Milan is deceased, and that the Duke of Terranova is there ; which may be an occasion for the government to be assigned to him. A messenger is come to-day from Dauphiné with news that M. de 'Governat' has taken Château Double in Dauphiné. The Duke of Florence furnishes 150,000 crowns to the Spanish King towards payment of the Spanish and Italian companies lately in Flanders, and another 150,000 is assigned to be levied on the merchandise within the State of Milan towards the setting forth of the 4,000 Italians now to be sent into Spain.—Paris, 3 May 1580. 4 pp. [France IV. 66.]
May 5. 286. The PRINCE OF ORANGE to the QUEEN.
I pray your Majesty to excuse me for having so long delayed to answer your letter of 19 Feb. in favour of Mr Ratcliff. Since receiving it I have been so far away from Zealand, and so much taken up with the affairs of Friesland, where some agitation had supervened, that it was impossible for me to communicate with the judges of the Admiralty, who I was told were acquainted with the facts. But on my arriving at Middelburg and enquiring of them how the matter stood, they answered that they had proceeded in the way of justice. He observed all the usual formalities, showing me a report of the proceedings. Please let your Council see the enclosed copy of it. If matters were still at their initial stage I would not have failed to satisfy your wish, and as it is I have given and will give orders if there is any further case for justice, and Mr Ratcliff wishes to prosecute his claim, that all reasonable favours shall be shown him, principally for love of your Majesty, who has been pleased to write to me, desiring to do you all the service I can, and in favour of the Earl of Sussex.—Antwerp, 5 May 1580. Add. Endd. by L. Tomson : answer to the letter written in behalf of Sir Henry Ratcliff. Fr. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XIII. 25.]
May 8. 287. A summary of the number of men-of-war in the service of the General States, 'being placed abroad in those Low Countries or Provinces.'
Under the government of Mynheer Ryhove, 15 companies or ensigns, each 150 strong, as follows : 13 officers, 12 muskets, 50 corselets and 75 harquebusers or calivers. The 'entertainment' of the colonel is 700 guilders a month. Amounts altogether : 15 ensigns, 2,250 persons ; their wages monthly - - 26,200 gldrs.
The following companies will be augmented :
The government of Mynheer Montaigne [Mortagne], 10 ensigns ; their wages monthly - - - - - - 17,700 gldrs.
The government of Ypres, Mynheer van Uttenhove, 5 ensigns, the Colonel 400 guilders per month ; their wages - 8,900 gldrs.
Under the government of Colonel Sonhay, 5 ensigns ; their wages - - - - - - - - 8,900 gldrs.
Under the government of 'Terlown' [Treslong], admiral, 5 ensigns as before ; their wages - - - - 8,900 gldrs.
Under the Colonel of Antwerp, 10 companies - 17,700 gldrs.
Under the government of 3 companies, 'to say' the governor of Lyre, Herentals and Westerlo, each 150 persons, armed as before ; the Colonels each 100 gilders a month - - - 5,400 gldrs.
Under Mynheer de Mérode, and one under Varnatts [?] together 4 ensigns ; 400 gilders for him that shall be colonel - 7,200 gldrs.
Other names are : 'The Grave or Earl of Renenburch' in Friesland, 14 ensigns ; 'Mr Derick Snow' [? Dirck Sonoy] in North Holland, 10 companies ; 'the Earl William van Nassau, son and heir to the Grave John,' 10 companies ; Colonel Art van Duvenwoorde, 10 companies, each 113 men, and his own 200 persons ; a 'company' of Hollanders of 8 ensigns without colonel, 'under' which are contained 4 ensigns at Amsterdam ; the 'watch' of his Excellency, with his halberdiers, 150 persons (pay not stated) ; Baron of 'Hoochschapen,' 10 companies ; Admiral Haultin, 5 ensigns ; 'Hageman,' 4 ensigns ; the young 'Earl' of Bergen, 4 ensigns ; Colonel Temple,' 10 ensigns ; Captain Mitchell, 6 companies ; Yselsteyn, 10 companies. Frenchmen : Under two governments, 22 ensigns ; 'to say,' under Colonel de la Garde, 10 ensigns, 113 strong ; and under 'Villeneue' [? Neuville] 12 ensigns, 150 strong. One ensign under 'the Earl of Hollock alias Hornlo, under the guiding of Captain Synesqui' [Renon de France gives Seduiche ; qy. Zedwitz], 200 strong. Englishmen : Under Colonel Norris, 150 strong ; the colonel's wages 1,200 gilders a month. Scots : Under Colonel 'Bafford' 18 ensigns and under Colonel Steward 10 ensigns. Colonel 'Bafford' has 1,200 gilders. Colonel Steward 900. The whole number of foot is 225 ensigns, 32,612 persons. 'Here followeth the horsemen.' The company of the Prince of Orange is 100 demilances, 100 'pistoletts,' 30 long pieces ; the 'guide' of M. Voysin, 100 horse ; the cornet or guidon of Captain Mornow, 100 demilances, 50 long pieces. The company of Setton, 100 horse ; Captain Bolde, 70 demilances, 30 long pieces ; Captain Grolle, 100 demilances, 200 pistoletts ; Rittmeister Picque, 200 horse ; Captain Mitchell, 100 horse ; Captain 'Sketter,' 70 horse ; Captain 'Trilo,' 100 horse ; Captain Brave, 100 horse ; Captain Alonzo, 100 horse ; Captain Swytz, 100 horse ; Captain Riswoude, 150 horse ; Captain Nettyn, 100 horse ; Captain Dod [Dode van Laere, R. de F.], 150 horse ; Asiga Entens [Aysmaentes, R. de F], 100 horse ; 'Eloo consta,' 150 horse ; Battenberg, 50 horse ; Colban, 100 horse ; Lyon, 150 horse ; Colonel Norris, 100 demilances, 100 pistoletts, 200 horse— their wages 4,080 g. ; la Noue, 100 demilances, 100 pistoletts, 200 horse—their wages 5,440 g. ; Captain Temple, 100 horse ; the company which attends the Prince of Orange, 50 horse ; Grave John of Nassau, 100 horse—their wages 4,310g. ; the Grave of Hollock, 1,200 High Dutches horsemen. Total horse, 4,750.
"And forasmuch as these monthly pays must be brought up 'under' the confederate provinces for pay of the same, so each of the said provinces brings up as hereafter follows" :
Brabant - - - - - 66,666 gilders
Gelderland - - - - - - 41,256 "
Flanders - - - - - - 187,500 "
Holland - - - - - 106,666 "
Zealand - - - - - 26,700 "
Utrecht - - - - - 16,000 "
Friesland - - - - - 32,000 "
Overyssel - - - - - 20,000 "
Groeningland' and Groningen - - 21,334 "
'Drentland' - - - - - 6,000 "
Total - - - - - 524,122
"So all the soldiers be paid and 14,876 gilders over for the Company." Below is a note in Italian, in the same hand as the memo. No. 304, calculating the annual amount in pounds sterling. Endd. with date. On the back are some brief notes in the hand of [?] Walsingham, relating apparently to Scottish matters. 5 pp. [Holl. and Fl. XIII. 26.]
May 10. 288. LORD PERCY to COBHAM.
Although I ought, considering the position you hold, to have written to you oftener than I have done, yet deeming that you will excuse my small experience, my youth, my 'imbecility' and want of training in the French language, wherein I have as yet laid only the first foundations, I will take assurance in the wonted kindness of your nature that you will accept all in good part. I hope you received my last, sent by my cousin Slingsby, together with those from the Lord Treasurer, the Earl of Sussex and my father, all addressed to you wherein you bind me not only to present gratitude, but to a sense of your kindness and a remembrance ever to do you service. And seeing, my Lord, that the times are difficult and dangerous, and that it is hard to know where one is, kindly signify to me if need be how I can do my bounden duty to my Sovereign, in order that I may conduct myself in such sort as to do her agreeable service and comply with your wishes, employing myself after my small power in all that concerns the maintenance of her estate.— Orleans, 10 May 1580. (Signed) H. Percy. Add. Endd. Fr. ½ p. [France IV. 67.]
I hope that by my former letter you understand the decree lately made by the Lubeckers ; who, as they began boldly, so they proceed arrogantly in executing it against her Majesty's subjects, having stayed two ships of Newcastle, which came laden with lead and coals, suffering them first to make sales and then arresting both money and ships. They presume the more because they have no ships in the 'ocean seas,' for by reason of a difference with the King of Denmark about tolls none of their ships have passed the Sound this year. The town of Lubeck has protested against Hamburg for not 'following their order' ; whether in earnest or no, time will try. Some think that the Hamburgers having many ships abroad will not deal as yet ; and it is judged that none of the towns that lie on the west seas dare meddle at all. Divers others of the Hanse Towns which have had no dealing with England like very well that the rest as well as they should buy their cloths at second-hand, which makes the towns of Dantsic and Lubeck almost at their wits' end. The noblemen of Germany who appointed to meet the King of Denmark in the land of 'Holst' came not according to promise, and the Elector of Saxony being on his way to Denmark suddenly returned, the occasion not known. But it is imagined the late setting at liberty of the Duke of 'Wymarne,' son to 'Hertigh' Frederick, sometime Elector, who is now by the Emperor restored to the possession of his lands, may be some cause. It is also thought that the King of Denmark 'has not his full purpose' of the lands of 'Holst,' as it was said he should. The town of Groningen remains as it did, compassed round with the States' forces, but so well provided of victual that it is thought they will hold out long. The governor has lately taken an oath of all the inhabitants for their true 'obeissance' to the king. 'Grave' John of Nassau's son came thither a few days ago to the aid of 'Battelense,' with 10 companies of foot. Since his arrival there is a bruit that Groningen has offered to compound with the States, which offer is not yet accepted. In Munster they cannot agree about the election of a new Bishop. The greater number will have the Bishop of 'Breeme ;' to which certain Popish canons oppose themselves, seeking rather to choose the Duke of Bavaria's son, who should have been Bishop of Cologne ; but it is thought they will not in any manner of way prevail. The report goes that peace is concluded between the Emperor of Russia and the King of 'Pole' with his consorts.—Embden, 11 May 1580. Add. Endd. by Walsingham : from Mr. Hudson ; and by L. Cave. 1 p. [Hanse Towns I. 59.]
May 12. [290. Transferred to 1581.]
[May] 15. 291. VILLIERS to DAVISON.
You will have heard through another channel how God has visited us, balancing our victories by the capture of M. de la Noue. Save for him the loss was small, for we lost less than 200 men, though they had a good many stand of colours, which had been left at the camp. I hope that all will soon be in order ; in any case it does not appear that any great effort on the enemy's part will come about for this year. I am sending you letters from which you will learn the truce between the Turk and the King of Spain. You know the consequence. If we in the north do not take heed to our affairs, the King of Spain will indeed be the Catholic King, giving orders to the whole of Christendom. I have always said that the house [which] we were afraid to attack (? d'attacher) would do us more . . . than the other. Happen what may, we will try, by the grace of God, and I [believe we] shall do it. You will be told of a fresh earthquake at Dantzig ; it is not true. The Germans did not feel it. As for your recent one in Kent, it did not come here ; certainly I did not feel it, nor M. de Sainte-Aldegonde—we were together in his garden—nor those who were out of doors. All the Islands of Zealand shook. God have pity on us. Letters from Germany show that we can expect nothing from that quarter.—Antwerp, 15, 1580. P.S.—'Madame will find here, if you please,' the humble duty of myself, my wife, and Marie ; Mr and Mrs Killigrew also. Slightly damaged. Add. Endd. in later hand. On the back Davison has written :—The deputies of the States, and with them M. de Languet, are dispatched towards Monsieur with the articles conceived for his reception. The truce between the T. and the Sp. is by letters from Venice said to be certainly concluded till January next. The Turk doth arm by sea, whereof the Venetians are suspicious. Fr. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XIII. 27.]
My last was on the 12th inst., wherein I wrote as the time gave occasion. M. de la Noue is sent from 'Corttricke' to Lille with a guard of 1,200 horse and 500 foot. From thence, it is said, he will be sent to Mons. in 'Henogo,' where God preserve him from the Italian 'fyge,' which all men here much fear. All M. de la Noue's gentlemen that were taken prisoners are released on ransom, among them his secretary ; by whom he has sent by word of mouth to the lords of this town to look well to their towns, for the enemy is preparing 'battery-pieces,' scaling-ladders and pioneers. The Malcontents have sent to all the villages within a league and a half of this town not to fear them nor to fly from their dwelling-places, for none of their side shall do them any harm or take anything from them on pain of death. To write you of the great lamentation that the country makes for M. de la Noue is too long to trouble you with ; for surely he is much lamented, for it is much feared his taking will be the overthrow of all on the States' side. As I understand their matters at this instant stand in very weak estate, and without some speedy foreign aid 'the' cannot continue long, for it seems the enemy will not now lose the great advantage that 'the' have. The four Members of Flanders wrote to the Prince to come to Ghent, or to this town, that some good order might be taken for the defence of the country and towns, and he has written them an answer as though he would come ; but for all that it seems by the delays he makes that he is not willing to come, for which cause many evil speeches 'goes of him' here amongst the common people, for they say it is he that brought them into this misery and trouble to the loss of their lives and goods, a case most lamentable. The gentleman with the rest that this province of Flanders sent to Duke d'Alençon six days ago took passage at Dunkirk for Boulogne. Since their departure, upon this mishap to M. de la Noue, the Prince and States have sent a post after them to procure a speedy answer of the duke, and also to send one or two of name hither. A show is made here of gathering their 'solgers' together, and so making a camp again in the field ; but it goes so faintly forward that it is thought it will be nothing, and all for want of a good general. The governor of Tournay has written to the four Members of Flanders a letter of great courage and good comfort, 'willing them not to dismay themselves of the evil fortune happened to M. de la Noue.' His writing comforts their hearts here, 'hoping thereby he will continue good.'—Bruges, 15 May 1580. P.S.—Since the finishing of this, I have got the copy of the governor of Tournay's letter ; also the copy of a letter which the Viscount of Ghent has sent to the lords of this town, being in answer to a letter that they sent to him on behalf of M. de la Noue ; both which I enclose. Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Ibid. XIII. 28.]
May 15. 293. ROSSEL to WALSINGHAM.
I told you of a journey which I had to make into France, to negotiate, not with any French, but with certain Malcontents who are malcontent afresh. I made the journey, and am starting on it again to-day. You will have heard of M. de la Noue's disastrous day. He is at Courtray, a prisoner in the hands of the Viscount of Ghent, who performed this feat with his cavalry, driving in our men as usual. I will mention no other details, save that the gentleman in question is well treated, being indeed free of the town of Courtray on his parole. You know that two deputies from Flanders started last Tuesday to see M. d'Alençon, who they say is at Paris, to commence negotiations on the articles conceived by his Excellency. The Estates have met on this matter, but those of Guelders and Utrecht are not yet come, and I fancy have cooled in their desire for it, especially those of Utrecht because they say they are neutral, and not among the king's patrimonial provinces. If they begin, I fear the only consequence will be that the Queen will leave them alone. The Emperor has just written to the States bidding them deliberate maturely on such a step. If they change their prince they will make an enemy of his house and all Germany. He has sent to the king to make him condescend to peace, and expects an answer shortly. They are trying to set their forces on foot again, and collect others in greater number. There is some debate as to the chief. Argenlieu was put forward, but the Ghent people suspect him, and want to send for M. de Mouy as being M. de la Noue's son-in-law. Others propose Famars, as belonging to the country. I am setting out for an important negotiation, which if by the grace of God it succeeds, the enemy will find himself much annoyed, and cast down from his design. Time will accomplish all with the aid of God.—Antwerp, 15 May 1580. Add. Endd. Fr. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. XIII. 29.]