358. COBHAM to [THE SECRETARIES].
Since I last wrote by Mr Windebank, nothing has happened.
As for Monsieur's affairs, and what passes in his Court, I suppose
this bearer returns thence well instructed.
The king and Queen Mother hold their Court at 'St. Moro,' and
the plague and other disease in Paris is such that it is thought
the Grand Conseil will remove hence ; but no place at present
It is desired to see whether there will be occasion for the king to
repair to Compiégne, toward la Fère. It will be according as the
pacification may be procured by Monsieur ; or otherwise that the
siege be advanced, which hitherto is not altogether in readiness,
though companies are now daily marching thitherward.
Marshal Matignon lodges five leagues from la Fère. M. de
Mouy and the other gentlemen make daily sallies on horseback.
It appears that Monsieur is treating with the king very favourably
on behalf of the King of Navarre and the Prince.
The affairs are yet in deliberation 'in some staggering manner,'
so that it breeds suspicion of an attempt towards the Low Countries.
The king seems to 'stomach' the partial proceedings of the
Pope towards King Philip and the slender respect had in Rome of
Frenchmen's dispatches and suits.
There was 'no counsel made of' the Queen's manner of receiving
the Prince to her presence, and her friendly show towards his
Majesty, with which they are well content, thinking it will be a
means to peace.
There is no news from Spain, but that King Philip was expecting
better means to bring the Portuguese to his dovotion by practice
rather than by using force, and that some of the nobility had
resorted to him.
The Earl of Westmorland has left Paris in company with the
Spanish contador Navaretto, and had not returned this morning.
Mr. Copley still remains here.—Paris, 7 July, 1580.
P.S.—I have in my hands the names of the Cardinals, with their
dispositions and manner of dealing in several countries, ready to
send when you command.
1 p. [France IV. 114.]
359. "The copy of a letter dated at Lisbon the 8th of July last.'
On the 14th of last month Don Antonio was in 'Santaryne' in
the company of the Pope's legate and the Bishop of Guarda and
other gentlemen, being ready to build a fort in a place called
Marvilla. The people rose in a mutiny, saying that since the
Governors would deliver the Kingdom of Portugal to the Kingdom
of Castile, rather than it should be so they would have his Highness
for their king. He would not consent to it at first, but being
desired and almost forced by the legate and other noblemen and
burgesses who were present, he was chosen king within two days
after, and sworn by those that were present with great rejoicing of
all. So he left that town accompanied by 500 horse and foot, and
as he came on his way was sworn king in every town, and so arrived
in this city of Lisbon.
The Governors, who were at 'Centuvall' [qu. Setubal], understanding
that Don Antonio was sworn king, began openly to show
themselves on King Philip's side, and sent letters to Don John 'Teloe'
(Tello), Governor of 'Bedlem,' that he should not permit but
'defend' the king's coming to Lisbon, which he did 'effectually,'
sending seven companies of soldiers to the gates of the city. But
as soon as the king arrived at the gate called the 'Mororia,' the
soldiers who were in the gate turned down their pikes and received
him with great joy, and likewise all the people that were in the
city, though they were a little company by reason of the sickness ;
and so he was accompanied by all the people to the chief church of
the city, and there received with great solemnity by the clergy.
Thence he went to his palace by the river-side, and within four days
assembled as much people as he could, and 'took his passage'
to go to 'Centuval,' to take possession of the town and apprehend
the Governors. Also he sent by sea four ships to stay their going
by sea, but they went away before in a carvell that was there, and
took ship in the night time from the lodging of one of them that
was hard by the water-side ; and they durst not go 'out of doors,'
but went out of a window by ropes, and escaped with much ado,
because the men of their guard rose against them, because they are
'tretors' how the [sic ; qu. to] deliver their country into the
Spaniard's hand. And so the four Governors escaped, that is to say
Don John 'Mascarinius,' Francis 'De Sawe,' 'Dewgolopis' (surnamed
the Devil), and Don John Teloe ; and remained only the
'Archepiskte.' There went with them a great many gentlemen,
Antonio of 'Caskallies,' the Earl of 'Lygnaris' the younger,
'Lewis Seaser,' Don Edward of Castelbranke, chief constable,
'Dewgolopis Desekira' and ten more. The Spanish ambassador
came away by land with 20 men, and before he went he bribed the
captain of the castle to suffer them to pass without danger.
Don John Teloe, when he went to 'Sayntuvall' in the galley,
gave leave to the oars to go away, that they might flee with more
security ; and so the Governors did steal away that night. But
the next morning the Earl of Vimiosa, called Don Francis
Portugal, made ready boats with soldiers to go to the galley and
follow the Governors, and if possible apprehend them. But when
they came to the galley, all the oars were gone, which was a great
grief to him, because 'it' is a good 'Portingale,' and loves the
king very well.
The king entered 'Saintuvale' with 8,000 horse and foot, and
was received with great joy, and sworn king, and went into the
castle ; and leaving all in good order returned to this city three
days ago and remains here with all the nobility of the realm. He
has strengthened the river with a good navy, and the castles are
all in good order. In two days he will go back to 'Santaryne' to
make his soldiers ready to resist King Philip's camp, which is
already in possession of divers towns in the 'shire of Alentegio'
without resistance, because the Governors had by letter commanded
them to submit without fighting ; and because it was done suddenly
and unknown to Don Antonio, he could not give order to the contrary,
and so the king is determined to 'present the battle' to the
enemy. God sent him victory, for he is a prince worthy to be
Note in Burghley's hand of the names mentioned in the letter. Endd.
by his secretary. 3 pp. [Portugal I. 33.]
360. "A Memorial for matters of Council at Nonsuch."
It seems that the Prince of Orange and the States are disposed to
commit themselves and their countries to the government of the
Duke of Anjou, and he to be admitted by them, so far as they can
confirm it, to be sovereign lord over them, with certain limitations.
It also seems that Monsieur is contented herewith, and that he
will have the aid of the king, his brother ; so that it is very probable
the countries will be annexed to the Crown of France in time to
come, notwithstanding any limitations to the contrary.
It is also likely that the Crown and realm of England which have
of old been confederate with those countries for their mutual
defence against France, will by this alteration be weakened, and for
lack of the ancient league become subject to the power of France.
Besides, by this 'adjunction' of the Low Countries to France,
especially of the islands ; as Holland, Zealand, and the other maritime
countries, as Flanders and Brabant, England will be at the
command of France for the usual traffic by sea, and will also
become inferior to France in navigation and power by sea ; whereas
now England is known to be far superior to France. Besides
these, many incommodities are like to ensue.
The question hereupon is : what is presently to be done by the
Queen to prevent these perils? Before answer be made the
following things are to be considered.
On the part of France : her Majesty is in treaty with the French
king and Monsieur for a marriage sought by Monsieur with herself,
in which so much progress has been made, that it was only left for
her Majesty to declare whether she would have certain commissioners
to come from France to conclude the matter ; and though
she has delayed some time therein, she has not in the end rejected
them, but has 'pretended' certain difficulties to Monsieur, to move
him to forbear from sending the Commissioners in respect of what
he might mislike here, and not of anything she 'shows' to mislike
for herself. Whereupon Monsieur has, notwithstanding these
difficulties, determined to send away the Commissioners, to be here
August 15, and professes constantly to desire the marriage.
Besides, it is to be remembered that there is a great preparation
of forces in France, partly on the king's side, to pursue the King of
Navarre and Prince of Condé and their party, for religion ; insomuch
that the king has sent forces to besiege la Fère, where the Prince of
Condé has left a force to keep it.
The King of Navarre also has an army to defend himself as he
Monsieur has also entertained great companies, on the plea of
serving him for the cause of the Low Countries, where he already
has in his possession the town and castle of Cambray, and has had
Bouchain surrendered to him lately. Yet he certifies that as he
has power from the King of Navarre to agree to peace for those of
the Religion, so also he has authority from the king, his brother ;
so that by appearance that civil war 'may chance stay,' and he is
more ready to 'follow his action' to recover the Low Countries.
On the part of the Low Countries : The Queen's credit is not so
good as it has been with the Prince of Orange and the States, for
she has forborne to give them such aid as they required ; which if
they had received they think they had prevailed in their actions,
and if her Majesty had consented thereto, they would have
committed their whole estate to her, to be their protector, or, if she
would, to have the 'propriety' of their countries.
Besides this she has shown her unwillingness to favour their
cause, in that she has not payment [sic] to Pallavicino and Spinola
for money which they lent the States at her request and upon her
bonds, for which she has the counterbonds of the States ; but as it
seems they either will not or cannot make payment to the
merchants, so that there remains this difference between her
Majesty and them both for those sums and others heretofore lent
On the part of the Malcontents in the Low Countries : There
are a great number of noblemen combined together, offering their
obedience to the king, and yet with the limitation that they are
promised all the liberties they can justly demand and not to be
governed by strangers, not to keep [sic] any strange forces among
them other than they themselves shall require ; being only bound
to the obedience of the see of Rome for their religion, and to the
king as their sovereign lord.
It is to be noted that this party is very great, having almost all
the noblemen of the Low Counties as heads of their faction against
the Prince of Orange and three or four noblemen, not of any title ;
but in possession of great towns they are far inferior to the Prince.
Yet considering they have the pay of the King of Spain, and may
have help of strange forces, as Spaniards, Italians, or Almains,
they are the more animated to hold on their course, and to 'keep
war' against the Prince and his party ; who therefore having no
other aid but of themselves are moved to seek aid from the French
king and his brother, which it seems they will not have without
taking Monsieur for their lord or governor.
It is also to be remembered that the Duchess of Parma is coming
to the Low Countries by direction of the King of Spain, and offers
to give reasonable conditions of peace to all the countries ; but the
Prince's party are not ready to believe it, but rather fear to be
'abused' thereby, to stay them from receiving aid from Monsieur.
Upon all these different matters it is now to be considered by
how many means it were meet for her Majesty to prevent the perils
to the Crown of England already mentioned.
Before any special means can well be thought of and set down
these things are to be observed as principles to be maintained.
First, the Prince of Orange and his party, professing their
religion against the Pope, cannot and will not accept any conditions
of accord with the King of Spain, nor will they submit to M.
d'Anjou save with very great assurance of continuing free for ever
in their religion ; for upon that point almost only stands the difficulty
of peace betwixt the king and them, and betwixt the Malcontents
Now to proceed to show advice by sundry degrees.
If the Queen will yield to the Prince's demands for a substantial
aiding of them with men and money, or either, as they shall
require, it is likely they would choose her protection rather than
that of France.
And it is very likely that the realm of England in Parliament
would consent to the charge thereof, than [sic] for want of aiding
them, to see those countries fall to the Crown of France.
If this course like her Majesty, it were necessary to send some
trusty man secretly to the Prince of Orange : the same person to
speak secretly with such special persons on the States' side as he
may understand have been hardly disposed to yield to France.
These might be dealt with to prolong their treaty with Monsieur
by devising such difficulties as might stay his conclusion with them.
This 'party' is to understand what would be a reasonable aid to
preserve them in their present state until further provision may
be made to restore them to their liberties with security for their
It were also convenient to send one well-informed to the King
of Spain 'to let him now, upon this extreme peril, understand the
final loss of his Low Countries,' and to show him that hitherto her
Majesty has used all good means, 'yea, by suffering them to be
aided both with men and money,' only to keep his Low Countries
from the possession of France, and has herself forborne to take
possession of any part of them, as she might have done ; but now
seeing the matter brought to this extremity that her own Crown
and realm will be a partaker in the king's loss, and considering
that the mutual friendship and conversation that there has been for
the benefit of her kingdom and those countries, will by this adjunction
be turned into hatred and hostility, the king ought not to
mislike that she does all she can to 'impeach' this defection to
France, and therefore, till he may be more willing to accord them
their desires, by which he may both end these civil wars, continue
their sovereign, and enjoy his ancient revenues, her Majesty has by
great advice of sundry her Estates determined to try if by giving
them some aid she may dissuade their junction with France.
And that the king may see that her intention does not proceed
from any particular regard of herself that might be hurtful to him,
she prays him to consider how in this case she will directly offend
the Duke of Anjou, to whom she thinks herself more bound in
friendship for the love he has shown her, and still continues, to
require her in marriage, with such honourable conditions as she
can justly demand. If God should so direct her that she should
take him for a husband, and he should first be made lord of the
Low Countries, as unless he be hindered by her special means, it
is evident he shortly may be, it may appear that she does not so
much regard any private interest for him that may be her husband,
as she does the public interest which her people have long had and
which should continue for the mutual benefit of the king and his
successors, her Majesty and her successors, and their countries and
people. And to conclude this part concerning the King of Spain,
he is to be pressed not to delay any longer, but with all speed for
ending all these civil wars and the imminent danger of the loss of
his countries to send ample commission thither, that the Prince of
Orange and his party, who are ready to yield themselves to France,
may have assurance of their 'estates' in the matter of religion,
without which it is manifest they will not stay ; and that being
granted, the king may be assured of their obedience to him in all
worldly duties, for more assurance whereof her Majesty will if it
please him, bind herself to compel them to continue in the same.
It were also necessary to send with all speed to Monsieur, to
remind him of his former promise to her Majesty that he would
acquaint her from time to time with his proceedings towards the
Low Countries ; but because she understands by reports from thence
that they have sent commissioners to treat with him, and the treaty
is almost 'at a perfection,' whereby it is reported that he is to have
some interest in the Low Countries, but in what sort she understands
not ; therefore, according to the sincere terms of friendship,
she hopes he will, before any full conclusion herein, make her privy
and 'be content therein to have her allowance,' for which purpose
she now requests him to prolong the treaty and to advertise her of
his proceedings. She cannot but let him understand that if their
treaty results in the conclusion of marriage between him and her,
as she has advertised him of some difficulties lately arisen to move
him to forbear from concluding marriage (of which as it seems by
his own letters he makes no such account, but persists in his purpose
of sending commissioners to conclude the marriage), yet
surely this one matter of his treaty with the Low Countries may
carry with it a difficulty greater alone than all the former that have
been mentioned, and may prove to be so much disliked by her
people, of all sorts without exception of degree or religious profession,
that 'without' the same be wisely and speedily provided,
though the marriage should inwardly content both him and her, yet
with such universal discontent of her whole realm, she could never
'be satisfied to think her marriage happy to her.' Therefore as
he shall show himself constant in the pursuit of this marriage, for
which she 'knowledgeth' herself bound more to him than to any
person living, she requests him not only to advertise her how far he
has proceeded in this treaty with the Low Countries, but also to
forbear from concluding it till either by conference with his commissioners
for the marriage, or for more speed, by some special
person, it may be considered how far his plans for the marriage and
for his action in the Low Countries, may concur to her just 'cause
Further, if she intend to marry Monsieur, it were meet that the
commissioners should come, and that being signified to him, he may
be precisely required, if he mean to have the marriage take effect,
to forbear concluding with the States till there has been a conference
between her Majesty and him by his commissioners, on both
'actions' at once.
If her Majesty take the first course, by aiding the Prince of
Orange, thereby to 'detorn' him from the French, because the
cause is of great weight, 'and the burden and sequel thereof must
belong to the whole body of the realm,' it were necessary, because
Parliament cannot meet before August, that her Majesty might
besides her ordinary Privy Council send for some special noblemen,
and some chief men of the Lower House, to impart this matter
beforehand ; that it may not be said that so great a cause, belonging
to the whole realm, is either taken in hand or left by the advice
of a few.
Memo. in Burghley's hand, and endd. by him with date. 11 pp.
[Holl. and Fl. XIII. 36.]
361. "The substance of the considerations."
The ways to stay the 'adjunction' to France of the Low
1. To dissuade Monsieur either wholly, or to forbear the conclusion
until her Majesty's advice may be given.
2. To send to stay the Prince of Orange and the States.
3. To persuade the King of Spain to grant them the conditions
moved at the last 'treaty' at Collen.
4. To procure the Duchess of Parma, if she have power, by
means of the most temperate among the Malcontents, to grant the
States their requests.
Order how to proceed.
1. By a message to Monsieur declaring how much it will offend
her and her whole realm, and, therefore, that he should forbear to
conclude till her Majesty further imparts her meaning. If that do
not move him, then, if she shall 'like of' marriage, to move him to
send commissioners, who may treat both of marriage and of the
2. The Prince must be assured of her Majesty's help to withstand
his enemies until they obtain an assured peace from the
king. In this it is needful to have the allowance of Parliament,
in respect of the cost.
3. A special man to the King of Spain, to set forth the danger
of the Low Countries, to show the just defence of her Majesty's
actions for preserving them from defection to the French.
4. Another to deal 'obscurely' with some of the Malcontents, to
show them the danger of their 'estate,' to see whether the
Duchess of Parma has authority.
Memo. in Burghley's hand, endd. by him : 10 July, 1580.
Memorial, L. Ch. L. Tres. L. Chamb. L. of Leicester. Mr Vich.
Mr Sec. W. at Nonsuch. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 37.]
362. WALSINGHAM to DAVISON.
Her Majesty having occasion to send to the Prince of Orange, and
minding to use you, has willed me to send for you to come hither
forthwith, where you will receive further directions. You are
therefore to repair hither immediately. You will do well so to
dispose of yourself, 'and other your things,' that you may 'be gone
in post' with two servants only as soon as you have your instructions
here.—Nonsuch, 10 July, 1580.
Add. : 'at his house in Wood Street.' Endd. ¼ p. [Ibid. XIII. 38.]
363. "Ways to prevent the coming of Monsieur into the Low
The ways, in my simple opinion, are chiefly three : either by continuing
the troubles in France, or by 'travailing' with the Spanish
king to yield to a peace, or else by breaking off the marriage, and
the Queen to oppose the enterprise of the French and assist the
By continuing the troubles the means for attempting the Low
Countries are taken away, and although peace follows, by the inconstancy
of the French, who are suddenly at war and as soon at peace,
time will yet be gained, which may bring forth some accident to
hinder that enterprise another way ; for chi ha tempo ha vita, and
the States are at this time in no such extremity, the faction of the
Malcontents being in some 'declination' and no Spanish or foreign
forces to any purpose in those countries to press them to a sudden
resolution for Monsieur. To protract the troubles in France will
serve to 'impeach' the enterprise in the Low Countries, or, by a
peace to be made, provide in some way to hinder it. The Queen
should assure herself of the Churches in France, and of Duke
Casimir, so that, though the Princes would yield to a pacification without
good assurance, they may be bridled by the Churches and the
Duke ; who, once entered into France, will be able by the goodness
of the country to feed them at least a whole year without pay, as he
did last time, upon expectation of a full and good pay from the
king. His credit among his countrymen is such that he may be
backed secretly by the Queen ; and an army once entered will be
augmented by great numbers of gentlemen and others on this side
the Loire, who now dare not stir.
The second way, by 'travailing' with the King of Spain to induce
him to a peace—it is likely he will now rather than heretofore lend
his ear to it ; for he may be assured by the last enterprise of Monsieur
and by his present intent in treating with the States, that there will be
danger of losing it. For he will now see that his plot in dividing the
people in the Low Countries, thereby to weaken and overthrow them
'each by other,' has in a sort failed, and that he has no forces in the
country to withstand the French ; and that the charges of an army
to be 'dressed' in haste in the Low Countries will beggar him, considering
the great charge he is at in Portugal, where he would be loth
to 'take a foil,' being entered so far as to claim the Crown by force.
It will be hard to end that war to his honour unless he lay hands
on the Crown, which he can only do with length of time ; to his
own ruin perchance if that nation may be any way assisted from
abroad. And though Spain be not able to deliver a puissant army
into the Low Countries, yet it is likely that to divert the French he
may be brought to give some ducats to lengthen the troubles in France.
The last way is breaking off the marriage, which on the sudden
may seem too violent, and is a course that her Majesty will haply
not be brought to. By opposing his enterprise openly, it must
redound to her great charge to be continued ; whereby she will not
only exasperate Monsieur and the King, but also draw the King of
Spain into a hard conceit of her doings. He hates in any sort to
see her intermeddle in the Low Countries, though it tend to their
safety and his own. Withal this course will be less honourable for
her Majesty than any other.
So she is to employ ministers 'into' Germany, France, and
Spain ; to Duke Casimir, to the King of Navarre and Prince of
Condé ; to the King of Spain. Besides negotiating this peace, they
may explore many things for the service of Ireland, deal for the
merchants, and also do the voyage of Portugal, 'if it shall be considered
with its circumstances.'
Endd. by Burghley : 10 July, 1580. Mr Wilks at Nonsuch. 2 pp.
[Ibid. XIII. 39.]
364. "The heads of certain speeches delivered by her Majesty
unto the Ambassador of Spain, the 10th of July, in
the presence of certain of her Council." (fn. 1)
Her Majesty finding by advertisements received from divers
places, matters with which she thought the king his master should
be made acquainted, since they touched him no less in honour than
they did her in safety, was moved to impart them to him, not so
fully as she received them, being in themselves ample and many ;
but summarily and in few words, both to avoid tedious discourse,
and in order that by easy insight into them, more speedy redress
might ensue, in case the reports given out should not be found
Therefore she first told him of an intelligence she had received
from sundry parts, that the king together with the Pope and other
princes had entered into a confederacy, not only to dispossess her
of the realm of Ireland, but to attempt something against the
realm of England, as soon as his enterprise in Portugal is finished.
She was advertised that preparations for this were being made
at a place called 'Farolle' not far from the Groyne, the charge of
them being committed to a certain Irish bishop, who had amassed
there great quantities of munitions, and had about February last
sent some frigates to Ireland under some person of mark, to put
the rebels there 'in comfort' of some aid to be sent from Spain
this summer ; all which preparations were 'coloured' to be made at
the charges and solicitation [Lat. sub auctoritate et mandato] of
the Pope and furthered by the king, as appears by attestations
under public notaries' hands of some of the ports in those
Notwithstanding the probability of these reports, witnessed by
the hand of the king's officers, she could not have been easily
induced to credit them, if she had not last year actually seen something
attempted ; when James Fitzmorris accompanied by certain
Spaniards made a descent into Ireland, by the king's order and
maintenance, as was confessed [Lat. adds : cum ad supplicium
duceretur] by one Captain Julian, a Spaniard, who accompanied
him, and was taken in one of the rebels' castles, having seized it to
the king's use. The king's privity to this assistance given to the
rebels was further confirmed by a supplication exhibited by one
B.C. [Lat. cuiusdam præfecti militum] in which he complains of
default of reimbursement of such sums as he had disbursed in the
levy of soldiers to accompany Fitzmorris, by virtue of the king's
commission to that effect.
And as it might be objected that the king was no more to blame
for assistance given to Fitzmorris than her Majesty for support
given to them of Flanders, she declares it might well be answered
in honour and truth that the cases were far different, if the
following circumstances were considered.
First, when the Low Countries were sundry times offered to her
and the principal towns presented to be delivered into her hands,
she utterly refused them [Lat. adds : spoliis opimis nolens se
ornare optimi sui fratris Catholici Regis].
Secondly, when she heard of the French practices, and the
disposition of the people of the country to incline that way, she
sent to the king and his governors there 'welnere' a dozen of her
ministers, to advise him to look to those practices, and meet them
Lastly, about two years ago she sent certain persons of quality
into the Low Countries, on seeing clearly that France openly sought
under colour of protectorship to possess himself [sic] of the
countries, to dissuade them from assenting thereto ; "by whose
travail at that time the same was impeached and stayed."
If the king would show that in the case of Ireland he had used
the like friendly offices towards her, he would be justified, and she
would have no cause to find herself aggrieved. Her dealings in the
Low Country causes never tended to any other purpose, for which
she appeals to God and her own conscience, but to the preservation
of the countries for him ; whereas his towards Ireland manifestly
show they were to a contrary end, as the proceeding therein too
Notwithstanding, she doubts not that through God's goodness
and those means she has, she will be able, if either the king or the
Pope or any of his confederates attempt anything against her, to
defend herself, whatever traitorous rebels may slanderously report
touching the alienation of her subjects' hearts from her. In the
end she doubts not he will find them illdeserving of the pensions he
bestows on them [Lat. in eos tantam pecuniarum summam male
collocatam] ; a matter with which she has at times with good cause
found herself aggrieved as contrary to the leagues and amity
between them, but could never get any redress, though it cannot be
proved that any pension was ever given by her to any of his
In spite of all which unkind dealing, which might have alienated
any other prince than herself, and caused them to take revenge, her
Majesty having always in the course of all her actions 'laid the
foundation' that neither private revenge, nor ambition, nor desire
of increase of dominion could ever cause her to swerve from the
line of justice, and having regard to the ancient amity between
their predecessors, she would be loth to leave undone anything that
might move a prince, who is not transported by passion, to condemn
his own error in so unkindly requiting her friendly dealings ; and
to justify her, whose proceedings towards him, if they were
thoroughly known, could not but be allowed even by her greatest
enemies, if they respected the matter rather than the persons.
And since she would not willingly break off the course of her
good offices towards him, and to make her sincerity more apparent,
notwithstanding these unkind dealings, she cannot but let him know
that she is informed that his subjects in the Low Countries are fully
determined to give themselves over to the protection of France ;
and though she means to give what impediment she may, and stay
them for a time she doubts that unless he yield to some speedy
remedy, she will not be able to prevail. Therefore she would advise
him rather to hard conditions, having regard to necessity, which
has always overruled the greatest monarchs, than to hazard the
loss of those countries, and thereby weaken himself and strengthen
And in case he profits no more by this admonition than he
has done in former times, she must plainly let him understand
considering the great danger that will grow to her dominions in
case the Low Countries are annexed to the Crown of France, she
will be forced, against her liking to 'set in foot' and make herself
Draft in writing of L. Tomson (one or two corrections by Walsingham),
and endd. by him and L. Cave. 4½ pp. [Spain I. 52.]
365. Latin version of the above. Draft in writing of L. Tomson
and endd. by him. 3¾ pp. [Ibid. I. 52a.]