Elizabeth
April 1582, 1-5

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Institute of Historical Research

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Arthur John Butler (editor)

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1907

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589-612

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'Elizabeth: April 1582, 1-5', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 15: 1581-1582 (1907), pp. 589-612. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73545 Date accessed: 23 July 2014.


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April 1582, 1-5

April 1. 639. MAUVISSIÈRE to WALSINGHAM.
You sent me yesterday a big packet from the Queen of Scots, in which were several letters for her servants in France. There is one for the Queen, and another for you. I am sending them to you, that you may if you please present hers to her Majesty, to know her final decision on the memorial brought by Mr Beste [?] in order that I may be able to send it to the Queen of Scots, who protests to me that she asks nothing in the world but to make ready for death, in the position that she is in with this long captivity, if her Majesty do not content her with some better treatment, of which the chief thing would be her own good favour ; and meanwhile to have M. Nau's passport to go to Scotland, and that of M. du Ruisseau to come here to give her a statement of her affairs, and to have some doctors from her Majesty, one of whom might accompany her to the baths of Buxton in May, for she wishes very much, if the Queen pleases, to take order for her health. She begs me to make these requests to the Queen her good sister your mistress, to whom I beseech you to speak. Until I can see her Majesty and kiss her fair hands, keep me in her good grace as her very affectionate servant, who next to the service of the king my master desire nothing more than her contentment. I ask you once more, that I may be the less importunate on behalf of the Queen of Scots, to let me know if her Majesty will grant these requests, and command the Earl of Shrewsbury to treat her well, and allow her to take exercise.—London, 1 April 1582. Add. Endd. Fr. [France VII. 45.]
April 1. 640. ADVERTISEMENTS FROM ANTWERP.
The Prince of Orange was four or five days ago somewhat evil at ease, for by using his speech too much, some place of the wound burst out, and so 'moved' blood, which he voided at the mouth. Since, keeping himself more quiet, he was again better, and so well amended that there was by the opinion of his doctors and surgeons no 'doubt' of danger. But on Saturday last, the Duke having been to visit him (who missed not one day since the mischance happened), great conference passing between them, within a while after his Highness departed, a vein within the mouth fell again a-bleeding, and continued till one o'clock the next day ; having, as is reported, voided about 4 pound weight of blood, so that his Excellency is very weak, and 'greatly feared' if God in His goodness look not down, and pity this afflicted people and 'troublesome estate.' The 'book' of d'Anastro, to whom the intent of his mischief was first opened, with the black monk that confessed the murder, 'were both' executed last Wednesday, viz. strangled to death on a scaffold before the Town House, and afterwards quartered. Their bodies are set up about the gates of this town, and their heads on the castle walls. The cashier, with another old man and a maid that dwelt in d'Anastro's house are still detained in prison, though not found guilty or privy to the fact. D'Anastro, as it was thought, took his course to the Malcontents, and being come to Tournay, the Prince of Parma and others made evident show of joy for the 'fowll' [qy. full] account they made of the Prince's death ; and sent a transport to Ghent with letters to the Four Members there assembled, requiring their obedience to the king, with promise, if they yielded (the prince being now dead that moved and continued their disobedience against their sovereign) they should find favour, with all reasonable satisfaction. This trumpeter being received into town, and 'demanded,' 'said to have' no other letter ; but upon search the contrary fell out, and certain letters were found in his saddle, directed it is said by d'Anastro to the brothers of his cashier, who was 'seized upon' and with the trumpeter, for his denial, imprisoned. The Prince of Parma's letters were by the Four Members sent hither to his Highness and States, to be considered, and as the cause might move, answered. Other like letters were sent to all the towns in Brabant and Flanders and to all or most of the other United Provinces ; which are or will be also sent hither. News are come out of Flanders that the Malcontents took a strong house, lying on the river between Ypres and Lille, by composition to detain the captain and officers prisoners, and the soldiers unarmed with white rods in their hands [sic]. Since this service, they bend their forces in shew to besiege Ypres and Meenen. But as it seems, to 'rencounter' their success, the French of Cambray by intelligence surprised a place of more importance called Lens Nents [sic] which Montigny thought to have recovered, bringing certain forces thither on the sudden ; but he was repulsed, and driven, if reports be true, even to the gates of Douay. Dunkirk and Dixmuiden and sundry other places of importance have received more soldiers for their better garrison. Last Wednesday Monsieur took his oath in the Assembly-general for the government of these countries according to the articles of agreement passed with him, and the States reciprocally to him for performance thereof. The Prince Dauphin departed this week for France to hasten the French forces. Others are sent into Germany and Switzerland to do like offices for men levied in those parts for the services of these countries. Yesterday his Highness began in the General Assembly to 'set among' them to determine upon the aforesaid letters received from the Prince of Parma. Endd. with date. 2 pp. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 86.] (Qy. enclosed in Gilpin's, No. 641.)
April 1. 641. HERLE to BURGHLEY.
I enclose copies of the two last letters written to the Earl of Leicester verbatim, wherein I touch some part of Scottish affairs ; for I understand his lordship is advertised by some other of as much as I signify in these letters. But if you will send me speedily a cipher which shall be peculiar only to her Majesty, I will under it advertise you of a matter that concerns her crown and person. Wherefore, with the diligence that is convenient, please send me the same, and I will discharge the part of a dutiful subject, which I will seal with my blood. But truly there must be no more acquainted with the advertisements but her Majesty and you 'alonely.' If you have not the book of the Pacification of Ghent, I will send you one by the next post ; and will do her Majesty such further humble service in these Low Countries as shall content her more than she haply might look for 'at' one of my sort. The posts of these three last weeks are as yet 'uncome' hither, by reason of the northeast wind that has blown still against them. —Bruges, April 1, 1582. P.S.—The cipher.—Wm. Wade : wherein to interest Mr Secretary Walsingham's aid, which would bind me infinitely to you and him. I humbly recommend to you the dispatch of my man thence, the 'rather' by your favour and goodness.—The King of Denmark. —Paul Buys. Mr Cooke takes his journey into France, and with him brings Ned Gage (?). I have, for the respect I bear to you and to all yours, 'persuaded' earnestly with him, by the best reasons I could use, that he should return home to his wife and friends ; showing him the inconveniences he is otherwise manifestly likely to come unto, with the consumption of what he has ; for his charges are extreme and there want not those who draw all that he has from him. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XV. 87.]
Mar. 31— April 1. 642. HERLE to LEICESTER.
On Sunday night the Prince Dauphin departed from Antwerp by water to Calais. Monsieur accompanied him to the ship, and was there affronted by a burgess of the town, who threatened both him and the French that before it were long they would have a sufficient revenge of them, using very rude terms beside ; and drew his sword half out against 'Maryvall,' captain of Monsieur's guard. The fellow was committed, and some exemplary justice will be done upon him, for he was not drunk. The Prince Dauphin will be chief conductor of the army that is to come. Bellegarde and other captains are to be sent into France in three or four days, to levy troops. Teligny, who is la Noue's son, is appointed, with certain French companies, to assist 'Temple' in Brussels. Ypres has some French ensigns sent to supply them against the enemy, who is departed thence to Lens, a town between Arras and Lille, lately surprised by the garrison of Cambray, who left 16 ensigns of French and Walloons in it ; but it is not guardable. While they range so far from Cambray, they make that so much the weaker, aud 'brings danger with it.' On Monday towards evening the Prince of Orange's wound began to bleed, at the place where the bullet entered. This did not cease till midnight, and it is feared that the 'escar' or scurf that is now separating from the wound, has all this while covered some vein that was hurt by the bullet ; which is a matter very dangerous how to be stopped or holpen. Yet we are in good hope that it proceeds not from the vein, but of some other 'accidence,' in searching the wound too nearly. On Tuesday the States-General assembled in the palace, and then were sworn to Monsieur, to hold him and obey him as their sovereign, and he in like manner made oath to defend them and maintain their privileges. And whereas Holland and Zealand made difficulty hitherto to enter into the oath, they have now agreed with the rest and made their oath ; yet conditionally, to be comprised no further therein than as the Pacification of Ghent has limited them, to which they stand, and are 'referred.' That you may be better informed how they have compounded for themselves, I send the book of the said composition of Ghent, to peruse at large. The same Tuesday morning, a trumpeter came from Ghent, with letters to Monsieur and the Prince of Orange, declaring that 'Lanyastrey' the Spaniard was at Tournay with the Prince of Parma, and that processions with candles were held at Tournay on the self same Sunday that the Prince was hurt, giving thanks to God for a singular benefit that His goodness was disposed to bestow on them. At Mons there were the like prayers and procession made, four days after, for the Prince's death. The Prince of Parma wrote by a trumpeter to Ghent, signifying that by God's high goodness the arch-heretic and traitor, the Prince of Orange, was 'rid' out of this life ; and therefore that it was now time for them to return to the obedience of their natural sovereign, who would receive them in sweetness and benignity to his favour, even in such degree as they themselves should prescribe ; of which he assured them on the word of a prince. His trumpeter was committed, and the letters sent to Monsieur and the Prince of Orange ; for they had written private letters to sundry, as well at Bruges and Orange as at Ghent, which will 'procure' that the trumpeter will be executed. The Prince of Parma has caused bruits to run among his followers that the Prince of Orange was slain outright with the bullet, and the Princess of Épinoy, to save him, was also slain, her husband hurt, his principal councillors run mad ; both his secretaries fled to the enemy, and the rest of his people dispersed ; and that both Monsieur and he were abandoned by the people, who were wholly in rage and fury against the French. Monsieur was advertised on Tuesday morning that Bommel and Venlo were surprised by the enemy by the intelligence they had with those towns. The Prince of Orange had sent by two ways to inform them how things were passing and how to avoid the practices of the enemy. If Bommel be lost, the enemy is master of the strongest town in the Low Countries, and thereby possesses the passage of the Rhine, the 'Mose' and the 'Wale,' which meet there all in one. It is hoped that the taking of Bommel is but a bruit given out by the enemy. 'Tyellt' [Tiel] which is a neighbour town, would give itself over if Bommel became the enemy's, and 'Gurkam' could not hold out long, a place in Holland of great importance, not far from 'Fyan' and Utrecht. It is well nigh apparent that the Malcontents will not hearken to any accord with Monsieur ; for the Count de Lalaing can in no wise abide the Prince of Orange's greatness. The Viscount of Ghent will not be 'in place' where his brother the Prince of Épinoy has either credit or authority. And Montigny, bearing so great sway with the Prince of Parma as he does, having the charge of all the infantry, will be loth to change for a worse place and of less gain and reputation ; being assured that the King of Spain will be constrained to use him during the wars. Further than with the 'commodity' of the present time, the nobility of this country 'carry no great level' either to posterity or fame, or to future danger. On Wednesday morning Monsieur commanded public prayer to be made for the Prince of Orange's health by the Catholics at St. Michael's church ; which is diversly interpreted of. The same morning were the cashier and the Jacobin friar, confessor to John Jaureguy, executed. You shall have their examinations in print by the next post, and Monsieur's entry into Antwerp by the same.— Bruges, the last of March, meaning on Monday to return to Antwerp, 1582. P.S.—You must needs be good to Col. Morgan, who truly is a tall soldier and an honest gentleman, as well inclined to your service as any that depend on you. If you will allow of his preferment to a regiment, I find that both Monsieur and the Prince are well inclined to favour him ; therefore you would do very honourably to authorise me, by three words in your writing, to solicit with Monsieur and the Prince his advancement before other young fellows that are very busy to get charge here, who will do nothing else but slander the service and nation. And as I know that you will herein do singular pleasure to the Earl of Pembroke, I am the bolder to remind you. P.S. April 1.—The general Mr Norris is well inclined to have Mr Morgan preferred, for that regiment will also be under his general charge. Bommel and Venlo were preserved by the advertisements that came from the Prince of Orange, who thereby prevented the enemy's practices. Copy. Endd. by Herle and (incorrectly) in a later hand. 3 pp. [Ibid. XV. 88.]
April 1. 643. STOKES to WALSINGHAM.
Last week I sent you three letters, the last bearing date 28 March ; since which the following speeches have passed in these parts. By good advices from Tournay and Lille the Prince of Parma hoped greatly 'of' the death of the Prince of Orange, whereupon he vaunted much of some victory for his side. But since it has pleased God to prevent that wicked act of the Spaniard, it has not only abated his joyful speeches, but has also raised some discontent among some gentlemen of the enemy's side ; they fearing that the like might be practised against some of them, so that it is certain there is some great discontentment grown in their camp. Upon the hope that the Prince of Parma had that the Prince of Orange was dead, he wrote letters to every town here in Flanders to yield and turn to the King of Spain ; and he assured them that the king would forgive and forget all their offences. When his trumpeter came to Ghent with these letters, they of Ghent would have hanged him for his reward, so that he hardly escaped with his life. Five companies of Frenchmen of M. de Rochepot's regiment have entered Meenen, and since their coming they have 'feared' the Allmans that lie between Lille and Meenen very much, so that they begin to prepare to remove further. It is 'certain true' that the Frenchmen of Cambray and Cambrésis have taken Lens in Artois by surprise at one of the gates. As yet the speech continues that they keep it and if they can will keep it. Since its taking, it has put some great fear and trouble into Lille, Arras, and Douay, for no man dares stir out of those towns, 'but are' taken prisoners. After the news came to the enemy's camp, they being very busy preparing to lay siege to Ypres, they sent 6 cornets of horse towards Lens to see in what order it was ; and there they met with such a 'renconter' of Frenchmen, horse and foot, that few of them returned back to carry the news, for most were taken and slain. When the enemy heard this, they left their enterprise on Ypres, and last Wednesday afternoon departed with their whole force towards Lens. By letters from Ghent it is said that M. de la Noue, M. le Vicomte de 'Terine' and M. de Bourleut [Borluyt] of Ghent will be released for the Count of Egmont, Baron de Selles, and M. de Champagny.—Bruges, 1 April 1582. Add. Endd. 1½ pp. [Ibid. XV. 89.]
April 2. 644. FULKE GREVILLE to WALSINGHAM.
The first of this month I arrived at Antwerp, after a long and wearisome passage against wind and weather. From my ship I went 'presently' to his Highness, who was then in council with the States about a dispatch into all these countries, lest the sudden bruit of the Prince's extremity should cause some innovation or mutiny amongst the people. The manner of his extremity grew thus : upon Saturday the last of March he was visited by the Duke of Brabant, and many pleasant discourses passed between them, the Prince speaking much, and showing in himself divers tokens of health ; but immediately after his Highness departed, one of those veins which they call renœ jugulares fell 'of' bleeding, and while physic and physicians were sought for, bled to the quantity of 4 pounds of blood. In the end, Botallus, searching with his hands to find the conduit of that issue, 'light' upon it, and with his finger stopped the course for the time, continuing only that remedy from hand to hand, till this Sunday at midnight, when, I know not well by what negligence, the bleeding renewed to the quantity of one pound more. Since that time they have sought to sear the vein with powders and 'corsies' ; but for aught I can see, they prevail little and leave the world less hope of his recovery. I thought it therefore my duty to advise her Majesty by you of this unexpected accident, which has hitherto kept me, by the will of his Highness and the advice of Aldegonde, from the delivery of my letters and charge to his Excellency. All things else, to the duke and others, are done according to her Majesty's command ; and I here hastening my return at the pleasure of his Highness, who stays me the rather to see a certainty of the Prince's state, which I think desperate, and the country little better by it. Your own letters I have delivered, and done all else as you directed me. I beseech you pardon this scribbled and unorderly letter, for I delayed so long to write the latest accidents that the post 'hasteth' me to end sooner than I would. The best is, I hope shortly to give her Majesty an account myself of what I had in charge, which was 'nothing so much' as was hoped for ; as I may guess by the humours I found in this world.—Antwerp, 2 April, at the shutting of the gates. Add. Endd. 1¾ pp. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 90.]
April 2. 645. GILPIN to WALSINGHAM.
I received your letter by Mr 'Greevell' and will according to direction deal with all carefulness in her Majesty's cause. They of Holland sent to me this week, offering assurances to 'answer' 6,000 guilders in Holland, if I could take up so much here. This I showed them I could not do, and so judge they will 'travail' it themselves ; whereof, as of all else touching this cause, I will enlarge further in the next. For your favour to grant my petition about receipt of the money, I must think myself very much beholden, and will endeavour to do requital. The 'voyage' and business the company mean to send me about, I could have wished had been committed to another. The Emperor will be earnest to understand the order of her Majesty's proceedings with the Hanses, who have made great complaints with continual suit not only against our company as her subjects, but of her dealing, as I am sure the Earl of Embden has more particularly advertised. And therefore in the opinion of many it is thought it would not be amiss, if you thought so convenient, and would let me understand her Majesty's pleasure, what I might say or answer in that behalf, or in any other cause, wherein my mean endeavour may be found able to do any service if the necessity should so require. Also to have 'auctentique' copies of her Highness's decrees passed against the Hanses, with other like writings more particularly mentioned in my former letter to Mr Governor. Thus much I am emboldened to write, for at my last being at the Emperor's and Duke of Saxony's Courts, in conference with some of his Majesty's and his Excellency's Council, I found they in a manner looked and desired to have seen such speeches. Moreover, if I may be so bold—which I will not without commission—to lay open to them the causes of her Majesty's dealing, and by the rightfulness thereof with reason to justify it and confute the untrue allegations, I doubt not but their suit will take an end, and so neither her Majesty nor her subjects further complained of [sic]. But insomuch as these causes chiefly touch her in respect of the 'interest' might [sic] fall to her realm and subjects if any interdiction of traffic with English commodities into the Empire should be granted at the meeting, I cease to enter any further ; craving pardon for my present writing, with request to understand your mind about the 'premisses,' as also to command [sic] me whereinsoever my service may be employed in Germany ; and I will not fail to be careful in accomplishing your directions. I beseech that if anything be to be done, or letters delivered to any in those 'higher parts,' I may be used, seeing my 'travail' is thither appointed. Such news as I can learn, being no great courtier nor enquirer after them, seeing sundry others who write to you employ their whole travails therein, are as the enclosed copy makes mention [qy. No. 640]. I fear worse will follow, the Prince being in great peril of life, and no hope of recovery without God's singular goodness and mighty help. Some alteration is to be expected, chiefly about religion, if exercise of popery is to be pressed further upon the people who abhor it and fear God's further displeasure for permitting it. It is thought that at the meeting at Augsburg the state and alteration of these countries will be questioned of, with other matters depending thereon.—Antwerp, 2 April 1582. P.S.—For such letters as you may have cause to send over hither if they are in my absence directed to a servant of mine named Gregory Russell, they will be safely delivered, and the answers, if any come, returned with care. Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Ibid. XV. 91.]
April 1-2. 646. FREMYN to WALSINGHAM.
I wrote my last on March 25 and on the same day at 3 in the afternoon, the Prince Dauphin left this town for France accompanied by his lieutenant, M. de 'Mauraphin' [qy. Marivaux], M. de Châteauroux, his son, and certain gentlemen, to take steps towards levying his Highness's army ; which deserves diligence. On Tuesday the 27th, his Highness took the oath to the States-General, all the deputies of the United Provinces being present, except those of Overyssel. It was reciprocated with great joy ; the articles were read, and the whole ratified by the deputies of Guelders and all the other provinces who were there. On Wednesday the 28th, the two 'prisoners of the conspiracy' were executed in the great market-place before the Town Hall. They were tied to a wooden stake, strangled, and quartered, to be put over the gates and on the ramparts of the town. His Excellency had requested that they should be pardoned, which the magistrates flatly refused ; and but for his urgency on their behalf, they would have been dragged by four horses. At the same time the Prince of Parma sent letters to all the good towns of these parts, in the certain belief that his Excellency was dead, to induce them to return with those of Artois and Hainault and receive the same treatment ; alleging the kindness and clemency of their sovereign, the King of Spain, and that by the death of the Prince of Orange the bandage would be taken from their eyes, with a lot of persuasions to the same effect. Most of the trumpeters were arrested, as at Ghent and Brussels, for having by an abuse of their duty entered the towns without sounding their trumpets and brought letters to private individuals ; one, for instance from Gaspar 'd'Aignastre,' whose servant shot his Excellency, and who is at Tournay with the Prince of Parma. He wrote to his cashier's brother, who is staying at Ghent, where he has some office, that he thanked God his servant had so much constancy and resolution as to kill the most wicked man in the world, and regretted that he had not struck the blow. He to whom this was addressed was incontinently apprehended, with the trumpeter, and they sent to his Highness to know what they are to do in the matter, for they had decided to execute them. The Prince of Parma, hearing the danger in which his trumpeters were, sent word that if any outrage was done them, M. de la Noue should be served the same ; so his Highness ordered that nothing unpleasant should be done to them, but that they should be detained for some time longer. They have made a lot of bonfires in Hainault and Artois for his Excellency's death ; who was going very well of his wound till about half-past eight on Saturday evening, March 31, when he was taken with a flux of blood in the wound, from some vein in the cheek, which they could not stanch. It bled till midnight, and at five this morning began to bleed again, till eight. They employed everything to stanch the vein, keeping the finger on the vein for greater security, with a small piece of lead under the finger. They hung round his neck certain stones which are said to stanch blood, which seem to have been useful, inasmuch as he had not bled since 8 this morning till 8 in the evening, when I was there. He is very weak ; they are still holding the finger on the vein, with the little piece of lead. His Excellency, seeing himself in this danger through the loss of quite 3 pounds of blood, wrote four lines [? laignes] to his Highness, by M. de Pruneaux, containing the following : "Your Highness loses today in me a very faithful and very humble servant. I beseech you to have this people commended to you, and never to abandon them." And to the States-General : "Gentlemen, since it pleases God to call me, I will give Him thanks ; and you may say that you lose a good friend and servant. I beg and admonish you to hold his Highness commended, to honour and revere him as it is meet, and to take counsel with him ; to use diligence in your affairs, and put an army into the field to subdue the enemy. I am sending to you M. de Sainte-Aldegonde, whom I commend to you ; he will tell you the rest." That is the condition in which his Excellency is today, Sunday, 1st of April. God knows the regret which everyone felt, and especially his Highness, as for his own father. He sent to enquire of the Estates, the colonels and captains of the town, and the magistrates, to know their intention in case God summoned his Excellency—what they had decided to do. They promised him not to lose courage although this great accident had befallen them, but to employ all their resources in his service and that of the country, and to avenge the injury done to his Excellency ; and this they forcibly protested. Whereof his Highness received great contentment, seeing their resolution and good affection towards him. On the 2nd inst. which will be tomorrow, those of Guelders will also take the oath to his Highness in the name of their province, to bind and unite themselves better together. There remain only those of Overyssel and Utrecht, who are somewhat tardy (qui font un peu les longs), preventing the whole thing from being done, and the one from being incorporated with the others. It is hoped it will take place about the end of next week. Today all matters of State and of war should be placed in the hands of his Highness as their sovereign. Those of Cambray have surprised Lens in Artois and left some 600 soldiers therein and a certain number of horses and munitions of war ; it is said that the enemy's army is gone to besiege it, which will serve to amuse him for a time while his Highness is getting his affairs into order for the outfit of his army, which will go somewhat slowly for lack of present resources. If the King of France would declare himself at once, he would do much for his state, for the good will which the people of these countries have towards his Highness ; they would freely employ their means to assist him. And to say the truth, if 'there comes a lack' of his Excellency, his Highness and the country in general will lose much, for he still has much need of such a father and adviser for some years to teach him the humour and state of the country both generally and in detail. God's will be done ; and if He is pleased to call that Prince, who is the one and only prince in Christendom for these countries, it is for their sins, and God grant worse may not come. There is an enterprise in hand which, for good or bad (en bien ou en rien), will be executed on Tuesday at dawn. If it comes to good, the enemy will receive a great loss. I will not discourse of the lamentations of the Princess of Orange and the Countess of Schwartzburg, Mademoiselle d'Orange, and the other daughters and young ladies, as well as all the household. It is a pitiful thing to see. It seems as if all the world does nothing but go to and fro to the castle to hear how his Excellency is going on. God be favourable to him. M. Villiers never leaves him, nor M. du Plessis for most part of the time, nor M. de Laval very often. Last Saturday he was doing so well that it is incredible to see such a change, so joyous was he. There he is, struck down all in a moment. It is a small thing, the life of men. There are so many doctors and surgeons that they only hinder each other. If a healthy (dispost) soldier had received such a wound, and had only one surgeon, he would have been healed. So many people went to see his Excellency every day, his Highness especially, with such a following who all entered the room, that it was disgraceful ; inasmuch as the breath and the smell of boots and feet, with some people eating onions and the like—all this is infinitely [sic] to sick or wounded persons. Nor is it good either for women to be often near them ; they are dangerous things. His Highness has had two or three attacks of fever, but now he is well. It came on through overheating himself at tennis. Orders had been given to settle his household establishment, that it might be effected when he was well. His Excellency was Great Chamberlain, the Prince of Épinoy Grand Master, Count Maurice, his Excellency's son, Grand Equerry, and until he was old enough for the post, Count Hohenlohe would do the duties. M. Lamoral d'Egmont was Grand Panetier, M. de Rinsart captain of the guard of archers about his Highness's person. Thus the matter stands over, until the result of his Excellency's wound is seen. If it still takes some time to heal, his Highness will set out for Ghent to make his entry there. He is wanted there ; and to say the truth, his Excellency is in danger, and if his Great Physician is not favourable, it is all up with him. This sudden change came from the scab of the wound being touched, which has caused this flow of blood from the internal vein that was damaged. Since mass has been said at St. Michael's, and it has been necessary to take the oath to his Highness and abjure the King of Spain, few persons of quality are found to do it, so that there are only women and common people who go [voisent] there from the town. The following form of oath and abjuration was made by his Highness's preacher, formerly confessor to the Count of Buren, his Excellency's son who is in Spain. He drew from his bosom what is here contained, reading it loud and clear : "I swear that I do not recognise the King of Spain for my sovereign, and that I will neither obey nor respect him or his adherents, but hold him and them for enemies ; and that I recognise as Duke of Brabant and Marquis of the Empire our dread lord Francis, son of France, only brother of the king, etc. and that I will do to him all that loyal subjects are bound to do to their rightful lord. I swear further that I will be loyal to this City of Antwerp and help to defend it under the obedience of the duke, against the King of Spain and his adherents, and all other enemies." His Highness has ordered all the military chiefs who are in this town to go back to their garrisons, in order to maintain good order among their soldiers in case anything happens to his Excellency, to avoid all disturbances.
April 2. The messenger not going till Monday, I did not close this. His Excellency began to bleed again at midnight on Sunday, till 4 a.m. on Monday. A potential cautery was applied, in the form of a tent, with vitriol and other drugs, which caused him great pain. Afterwards he had some good hours' sleep. The blood is stanched, thank God, provided there be no more bleeding. It is the last remedy ; the doctors know nothing further to do ; his Excellency is in the hands of the Great Physician and not of men, and He has ordered as He would. Mr Fulke Greville arrived on Sunday evening in this town ; I have received from him your letter. He will tell you truly how the matter is going, for there may still be some hope that God will preserve him. As for himself, he has no thought of despair, but submits wholly to God.—Antwerp, Monday six in the evening, 2 April 1582. P.S.—I humbly kiss the Earl of Leicester's hands. Add. Endd. Fr. 3 pp. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 92.]
April 2. 647. HERLE to BURGHLEY.
The English post passed through this town on Saturday, but I did not hear of him till yesternight, for I had ridden into the country to confer with a lord of these parts. The post left word that an ambassador from Germany had arrived at Dunkirk, who for lack of post-horses was constrained to take waggons, and so went along by the seaside to Sluys, and thence to Flushing ; so that I suppose he was either yesternight at Antwerp, or will be today. Mr Secretary Walsingham's man Burnham was in his company. Yesterday a Frenchman passed by to Antwerp ; one of the four that wait by partenayge (?) upon Monsieur as captain of 30 archers 'a horseback.' I enclose herewith a copy of the articles exhibited to the States at Monsieur's general proposition. Tomorrow, by God's leave, I intend to ride to Antwerp, to do the best service I can to the personage, whatsoever he be, that her Majesty shall send over ; and so will I continue in the diligence I am able to yield. Trelong, Admiral of Zealand and Governor of Dunkirk, gave 10 crowns to one to bring letters to Monsieur and the Prince of Orange of the arrival of her Majesty's ambassador, and to be therewith thence before his coming.—Bruges, 2 April 1582. P.S.—The garrison of Cambray and Cambrésis, to the number of 400 shot and 400 horse, are keeping Lens, to the siege of which the Prince of Parma has marched with his whole camp. Captain 'Brave' is among these 'Dutches' within the town. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 93.] Enclosed in the above :
March 10. 648. PETITION to the DUKE OF ANJOU.
(In margin : Exhibited on behalf of his Highness to the States-General of the United Provinces assembled at Antwerp, on 10 March 1582. Below was written : I being present. (Signed) Houfflin.) Since your Highness has commanded us to represent and set down in writing the principal heads touching the re-establishment of our country, and duty also bids us declare to you what we understand to be for your service and the country's good, we have set forth the following points ; humbly beseeching you to examine them with care, and if you find them suited to the end which you have set before yourself of delivering this people which has placed itself in your hands, from the oppression of its enemies and restoring it to its ancient happiness (bienheurance) and prosperity, to communicate them to the Estates, in order that without loss of time such order may be taken as the importance of the matter requires.
1. Now since the re-establishment of this state rests on good policy, justice, and military discipline, and none of these can be duly administered without financial resources, which is the sinew of war, and the good [sic] of all good order and policy, it has often been considered how the States can proceed in this matter.
2. And as experience has long shown the great inconveniences which proceed daily from the absence of any Head or Council duly authorised, this point has been more than once represented and divers deliberations made. Finally the States by their ordinance and resolution taken at the 'Recess' of the Hague lawfully authorised those whom they nominated to the Council of State to take steps to remedy matters, as appears by the second head of the instructions which they drew up ; nevertheless for lack of a sovereign prince to see that the resolutions were carried out, or by the malice of the times, or the usual oppression of the enemy, which perhaps hindered the provinces and towns from following the established order, or for some other cause, this power and authorisation could never be carried into execution ; which has caused many great inconveniences.
3. For it resulted from this that the order which they had resolved to take in regard to the collection and employment of funds could not be followed, nor the moyens généraux collected throughout the provinces, with execution against defaulters and no allowance made (sans aucune connivence), as had at various times been advised.
4. Even the monies proceeding both from the moyens généraux and from other contributions granted or to be granted have not been placed in a common purse nor into the hands of a treasurer thereto appointed. Nor have the Council of State had the disposal of them, nor audited (entendu) the accounts, as was resolved by the States-General. Similarly they have had no means to exercise the authority entrusted to them in the matter of retaining or dismissing soldiers, or giving other orders touching the war ; but the orders have been given, and the monies employed vary variously, as the necessity, or the fancy, of individual provinces and towns commanded. Hence it has happened that it has never been possible uniformly to settle any system, which has necessarily caused great confusion.
5. For this reason we beg you to make a proposal to the States-General, in order that this may be remedied in future, and that all similar confusion may be avoided by the establishment of a Council of State at your side.
6. Further, as we were about to point out to the States-General that it was requisite as soon as possible to draw up a statement of the number of soldiers, both foreign and of the country, which they found suitable for making head against an enemy so powerful as ours, and having calculated the total amount of their pay, and other necessary points for the conduct of the war, such as ammunition, victuals, artillery-trains, pikes (? espies), and other extraordinary expenses, should take counsel and find means to furnish each month promptly the necessary money, by assessments or other new imports, and a suggestion was made to them of certain means which seems to us expedient for this purpose, we have thought it well to lay the same point before your Highness as one most needed for the restoration of affairs, inasmuch as they are getting short of what is necessary to keep up the armed forces. We beg you therefore to propose it to the States-General, and with their advice to take steps to supply the deficiency.
7. To effect this, it seemed to us, under correction, that a general reckoning ought to be made with all soldiers, and a new order established, making the best agreement possible with them for the past, and taking a new road for the future, beginning with the first of April next.
8. And to augment the resources and supply the aforesaid deficiency, we have thought of the following points :
9. First, that the list which has been drawn up on the resources in the way of provisions, including wine, should be carried out by all the provinces, as it was recently conceived and agreed in Holland ;
10. Also, that the revenue from shipping (moyens des convoys) should be first cleared off and discharged, and then raised one-third more than they have hitherto been. The provinces ought not to make any great difficulty about this, seeing that in Spain they pay 10 per cent., and at Venice and elsewhere in Italy 14 per cent ;
11. Also that market-tolls shall be raised by one-third, and the difference employed to the profit of the generality ;
12. And that on every centner of salt 60 or 80 florins shall be levied ;
13. Also that in all the United Provinces new money shall be coined, and that the revenue from it shall be employed to the general profit, no province applying it to its own use ;
14. Also that the levies ordered on soap (?), wine, and salt, according to the instructions sent to the provinces, be put into execution ;
15. Also that the two pattars on every barrel of beer, ordered for the ammunition, and the one pattar further for the secret service be faithfully and carefully collected and employed for the general profit.
16. And since the contributions which used to be drawn from the country districts remain of no use to the generalty because the captains of the neighbouring garrisons usually levy them on the plea of giving letters of immunity to the villages, and are otherwise dissipated ; they think it convenient that these contributions be levied for the good of the generalty and the payment of the soldiers on a general and uniform footing, as you with the advice of the States may decide, that the military resources may, as the enemy's practice is, be augmented in this way.
17. Also the shipping-duties (convoys) shall be levied among the United Provinces, and a Chamber of Aids established.
18. And inasmuch as we see the preparations the enemy is making to attack and besiege some town, it will be necessary to set up a 'form of camp,' to maintain it in his teeth (en barbe) ; to which end those troops may be used who are at present in the country pending the arrival of other forces. But as it is impossible to get these together without paying a month's wages to the infantry, and a month and a half to the cavalry, we have thought fit to beg you to represent to the States-General that as among them there are several who have not yet paid their quotas agreed upon last August in Holland, they would furnish promptly at least (en tant moins) two months of their quotas, on condition it may be possible to treat on another footing with the colonels and captains of the cavalry.
19. We pray you to put these points before the States, so that speedy and good resolution may be taken, and that the financial resources necessary for the war being found, the above faults may be repaired, and war well waged against the enemy.
20. That you would take into your protection the order and course of justice ; to which end it seems to me expedient that you should be instant with the Estates to make them as soon as possible aim at the erection of the Great Council which used to be at Malines ; or at least increase the number of those already definitely nominated to the Privy Council, with a declaration from those provinces which would be willing to recognise a resort to that Council, and advise as required upon the place of their residence and the pay for their maintenance.
21. Further, since it is impossible to maintain your Councils, of State, Privy, and Financial, and their official staffs, and duly avoid corruptions and abuses without giving them satisfactory yearly salaries according to reason, to enable them to maintain themselves honourably and reputably, and that they may not have cause to resign their positions, be pleased also to bear a hand with the States that they may find some extraordinary means by which these officials may receive their yearly pay, whether by a charge on Church property or otherwise as may be found convenient with the least damage to the community.
22. Or that the States in pursuance of the promise contained in Article 4 of the points agreed on with you, will at once so augment your domains that you may out of them find the pay of your Councils and other officials ; considering that those domains are now notoriously so heavily charged that no revenue from them can be employed in the payment of the officials, some of whom complain that they are owed 4, 5, or 6 years' pay, without defrauding fundholders and mortgagees.
23. These points being effected, we hope that with your authority the three matters mentioned above, policy, justice, and military discipline will soon be re-established, and the country with God's help restored to its old flourishing and prosperity. Copy. Endd. by Herle ; date (2 April) by Burghley. Fr. 5½ pp. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 94.]
April 2. 649. HERLE to BURGHLEY.
This morning I dispatched one hence with letters of mine to you and the Earl of Leicester, by way of Dunkirk. Since that time letters are come from Antwerp to the magistrates of this town, which 'import' that the Prince of Orange has a vein broken out upon him on Saturday night, under the eschar of the wound, that puts him out of all hope of longer life. The same night he lost more than 30 ounces of blood. This has greatly amazed and troubled all honest patriots here, and is the reason that out of zeal and duty towards her Majesty I send this messenger on purpose with all possible speed, to signify this heavy accident to her Majesty and your lordships of the Council, who may the sooner consider what is necessary on that behalf. According to my late letter, I was informed of this danger beforehand, and was well nigh assured by Gaspar the surgeon that he could not escape with life ; which now proves too true, to the great hazard and confusion of the countries, if her Majesty do not apply her 'sacred' helpinghand with speed. The Prince of Orange cannot pass above a week at the furthest, as his physicians and surgeons now judge ; and the enemy is mighty, having in the field 46 cornets of lances, 20 of carbines, and 15 of 'rutters.' This town trembles already. It has in it 4 ensigns of English, 5 of French, and 6 of townsmen, a cornet of Scots, and another of Walloons, very ill furnished and fitted. I have enclosed herein a copy verbatim of the letter written from Antwerp by a councillor of this town to the burgomasters and the rest of the magistrates here, of the state that the Prince of Orange is in, and of other circumstances fit for her Majesty and your lordships to peruse and understand ; with the request added thereto made by the Prince in his own handwriting (though written very imperfectly) to Sainte-Aldegonde, to deal with the States effectually and earnestly for submitting themselves to Monsieur's government in all things against the common enemy, whatsoever God's pleasure shall be to dispose of him touching this life ; which with tears on either side was heard and answered. I would not alter this letter out of its own language of Flemish, in order that her Majesty and your lordships might behold properly, in the nature of the cause, what is written about it. Mr Nicasius will easily turn it into English. The States-General and Monsieur have altered nothing in the Council of State touching the displacing or augmenting the persons of that Council, but have left it in the degree it was, saving that if any found themselves unwilling or unable to serve longer in it, they should be dispensed with and other sufficient persons elected to supply their place. But you will 'conceive more amply' of this matter by the articles I sent you this morning, exhibited by Monsieur at the general proposition. But if the Prince die, farewell all Council and resolution in these parts ; and Monsieur must cast about to shape a new course, both how to be assisted, and to provide conveniently for his own security. The said Monsieur had some fits of an ague, which proceeds in my opinion not without the effect of melancholy, wherewith his mind is possessed in this doubtful state of things. The Chevalier Breton is come from France to him. Four cornets of horse that lay at Eccloo, of the French and other nations, with certain ensigns of foot, have passed over the Scheldt above Antwerp, by command to do some secret exploit in Brabant against the enemy. The chief thing, next to the advertisement of the state the Prince of Orange is in, is that I humbly and earnestly for her Majesty's service recommend to her and your lordships again the offer that Paul Buys made about the devotion that is borne to her by Holland and Zealand, and of the 'interest' and assurance that she and her state may have thereby which requires some convenient and speedy answer. I was assured in secret by Paul Buys on Wednesday at my coming from Antwerp, that both those countries with their towns and navy would range themselves under what degree her Majesty pleased, which he will not have spoken of but to her and your Lordships, by my only negotiation herein. And seeing that you know the importance of these places, the strength and wealth of them, with the necessity of the present time and occasions, which it concerns England chiefly to look to, it is a means to bridle the King of Spain by them, and to counterpoise the French, if they should exceed limits by the French king's interposition in the action. And her Majesty—under pardon I humbly speak it—may deal with those two provinces without offence to Monsieur, or hindrance of league with Sp : [sic ; qy. France] ; seeing that those provinces have in a sort reserved themselves within the compass of the Pacification of Ghent, standing therefore in a manner upon themselves. The King of Denmark would herewith be stayed from proceeding over-hastily with Spain, and her Majesty would have the keys in her own hands, to open and shut, and to assure herself and her friends from the forces and practices that are on foot in these dangerous seasons ; for the King of Spain will set up his rest this year to annoy these countries, their well-willers and adherents. This I humbly lay before your lordships, and pray an answer to this letter, with the dispatch of this bearer, and of him that I sent with my letters of the 20 and 21 ult.—Bruges, 2 April 1582. P.S.—If the Prince of Orange die at this instant, then is there a 'grip' opened again to win Lalaing and Montigny to Monsieur, unless they shall fear to join themselves with a declining divided estate. Add. Endd. 2½ pp. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 95.]
April 1. Enclosed in the above :
650. Extract from a letter sent from Antwerp to the magistrates of Bruges.
We cannot omit to advertise you of the indisposition of his Excellency imparted to us today by Heer van Sainte-Aldegonde, who pursuant to his Excellency's wishes coming into our assembly with weeping, besought us that the States would always remain in union with his Highness, in the event of God's being pleased to do His will with himself ; of which there seems a great appearance, owing to the great alteration and debility that supervened yesterday evening through the bursting of a vein, whereby better than 30 ounces of blood were lost. And to hinder all the inconveniences which might come about through his decease with the flattering promises of the enemy, it was found advisable to write to all the provinces and all the garrisons, to the end they should be willing to remain on this side, and be subject to his Highness as prince of the country, and on this behalf make everywhere some payment, so far as it was possible. Heer van Sainte-Aldegonde was also begged on the part of the States to thank his Excellency highly for his benefits and the great care that he has always shown, and still does, for the furtherance of the common cause, the welfare of the country, and its freedom, which the States collectively and individually can never fail to recognise towards his successors and posterity. We could not rightly describe the inexpressible grief and dismay that both his Highness and all good patriots show that they have in their hearts when they consider the alteration and distress imminent for the country in the event of his Excellency departing from this world. May God of His grace direct all things to the exaltation of His name, and our salvation.—In haste, Antwerp, 1 April 1582. (Signed) Your dutiful comrades, Jn. Wette, J. de Mastart. P.S.—Herewith goes a copy of the memorandum of his Excellency to Heer van Sainte-Aldegonde, that he should make the foregoing representations to the States-General on his behalf. The original was so imperfectly written that it was hardly legible. Marked, Recepta 2 Aprilis. Copy.—I have a great desire to write to the States about Monsieur, exhorting them to place themselves cordially and affectionately at his service, and abide firmly with him ; but I have not the power. Wherefore I beg you, M. de St. Aldegonde, to be good enough to represent it to them, and to assure them that this advice of mine proceeds only from the true affection I bear to them, their security, and the maintenance of their religion. Copy. Endd. by Burghley's secretary : M. of the P. of Orange's letter to Monsr. St. Aldegonde. Flemish. 1¼ pp. Fr. ¼ p. [Ibid. XV. 96.]
April 3. 651. STOKES to WALSINGHAM.
My last to you was the 1st inst. since which this morning one is come to this town from the enemy's camp before Lens, and he says that all the burghers that were in Lens, both men and women, are all carried prisoners to Cambray, in order that if the town should be taken again by the enemy, the Frenchmen who are now in it might make the better agreement with them, and for that cause they keep all the burghers prisoners. Also he says that [? since] his Highness took Cambray they have made the town strong, and there are in it 400 good horse and as many good foot, all Frenchmen, and the place is well furnished with all things needful, saving munition, of which they are but slenderly provided ; notwithstanding they are determined to keep it to the last man, in hopes that they will be succoured before they are driven to extremity, the rather because the town is of such great importance for his Highness. Also this man says that he met on Sunday last going to Lens, that were sent from Lille [sic], six double cannons ; so it is hoped that town will 'keep the enemy there play' for two or three months. Those within the town have burnt all the 'sobbarbs' which were great. The alteration of the Prince of Orange's good health made the magistrates and commons very sorrowful. God send them better news thereof, for it seems he is in great danger.—Bruges, 3 April 1582. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 97.]
April 3. 652. COBHAM to WALSINGHAM.
I have received your letter by my nephew, and have sent to Fontainebleau, to procure access to the king, to which I am at present waiting an answer. Meantime I find myself so particularly favoured by you that I may not let this bearer, your nephew, pass without this dispatch. I intend also to perform incontinently towards Mr Champernon all that you have commanded ; and render you my entire thanks for your honourable dealing in the advancement of my suit. I perceive her Majesty hitherto is pleased to be as slow in relieving my necessity as I am desirous to do her agreeable service. I heard that yesterday 'they three brethren' Guises were in earnest consultation with their mother, so that she parted from them with a sad countenance. I am further informed that the Cardinal of Guise desires to pass, in the company of 'Du Meyne,' into Italy. But it is conjectured that these dukes are displeased the enterprise of Geneva did not take effect ; or miscontented that the king has of late 'delivered some checking words' to their youngest 'imphe' the Prince of Geneva, and doubting that the two minions secretly procure the king's ill will towards their youngest brother. The Queen Mother, finding the swelling of her legs increase, is persuaded to 'keep a diet' for company at Fontainebleau ; otherwise she was determined to have repaired hither with her daughter, who desired earnestly to come to Paris, to 'cheer' with her old friends the Duchesses of Nevers and Retz, and others. The Dukes of the Guises, and Nevers, and the Duke of Mercœur, have not yet been at Fontainebleau, nor seen the Queen of Navarre ; who inclines herself in all her manner to be agreeable to the king and the Dukes of Joyeuse and Épernon. I cannot tell what compliments to deliver in her Majesty's name, because I am not directed upon what I wrote of it in the dispatch last sent by John de Vigues. I have caused the king to be 'moved' for the buying of Sir Christo : [sic] Drake's diamond, and the 'patron' in lead was shown him ; but he is out of the humour to hearken to jewels. Notwithstanding, I shall assay otherwise to do what may be done in these parts ; which accomplished I will return the pattern. After I had written thus much, order is come that the king's pleasure is I should have access to him tomorrow, because next day he enters into his diet ; therefore I depart thither incontinently. —Paris, 3 April 1582. Add. Endt. gone. 2 pp. [France VII. 46.]
April 4. 653. — to WALSINGHAM.
It was no little marvel to see no letter from you to me, as if a man had been unknown. Write I will no more, but well I will wish to you and yours. The great Prior of England, 'L. Shelle calid,' is in the Inquisition, and Dr Wendon ; for your matters in England. Accusando illustres viros, suo nomine famam quærere. But if I may say Bos lapsus fortius figit pedem, I would do you good, as I have always done. Write I will no more, as I said ; but I could wish that you sent hither another man of good wisdom that can do what has to be done. It 'stands you upon ;' say that you have had warning.— Paris, this 4th of April. I mean to depart except I see other order. Same hand as No. 349. Add. in Italian. Endd. : 5 April 1582. Secret advertisements. 1 p. [Ibid. VII. 47.]
April 3. 654. JOHN NORRIS to WALSINGHAM.
I am glad that I have so good occasion to 'discharge myself to' write at large of our occurrents, by Mr Greville, who can sufficiently report both the 'accidents' of the Prince's hurt, and also the proceedings of Monsieur. Notwithstanding, when occasion is presented of any other news, I will not fail to impart it to you.— 3 April 1582. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 98.]
April 3. 655. FREMYN to WALSINGHAM.
I wrote my last to you by way of Mr Gilpin, who forgot to give it to the post with his own. He has now handed it to Mr Greville. As for what has happened since ; his Excellency begins to do well, thank God. He slept 5 hours last night, and now goes on improving. He does not bleed any more ; provided that he continues to remain so, he will be healed of his wound in 10 days, though he will not be strong (fortifié) for 20 or 30. This day the States of Guelders took the oath to his Highness in presence of all the States. They have further requested his Highness and the States, that in the event of his going to France for any business that may arise, his Excellency may remain as his lieutenant-general in all these countries ; which was granted by his Highness with the agreement (agréation) of the States. The States-General have further promised his Highness the sum of 250,000 florins a month to carry on the war. They will be duly paid. This is more than was promised by Article 18 of the treaty ; and they are taking steps to find the money. It remains for his Highness to get to work on his side. His Excellency's wound has now made the States-General wake up, and they see that it is time to get along in earnest with their business. They have at present a good opinion of his Highness, and do him all honour. Ten days ago as he was going along the street, a burgher of this town said 'Look at that bougre of a French traitor ;' whereupon he was arrested, and whipped before the gate of the Court, and before the Town House, and banished for four years. But for his Highness begging for him, they would have cut off his head. His Excellency made no more account of living, but was prepared to go to God. He had taken leave of everyone. Several French gentlemen are starting for France tomorrow ; M. de Bellegarde, la Ferté, and others. For the rest I refer you to Mr Greville.—Antwerp, 'this 3rd, six o'clock in the evening, of April' 1582. (Signed in full : C. Fremin.) Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XV. 99.]
April 4. 656. SAINTE-ALDEGONDE to WALSINGHAM.
I received your letter, which served as testimony of what needed none, namely the good affection which you bear and always have borne to the justice of our cause. This makes me highly esteem your regret of our common grief, caused by this unhappy assassination perpetrated on the person of the Prince of Orange, which would have moved stones, let alone Christian hearts. Nevertheless, we who stay ourselves on God's providence have matter to console ourselves, not only in the general consideration of the righteousness and equity of all His actions and judgements, even though incomprehensible to us, but also that we have in the business in question received many particular evidences of His care for His own, and of His kindness even amid afflictions and scourges. For we cannot deny that if this had happened in the evening, when his Highness had prepared a feast—it being his birthday—we should have fallen into great inconveniences and mishaps. In another direction, by so quickly revealing to us the origin and foundation of this conspiracy, He has surely shown us great proof of His goodness. And afterwards, from the first day of the injury to the fourteenth, the wound and the symptoms continued to improve. It is true that on the fourteenth a vein opened, which by a great hemorrhage caused a great danger, inasmuch as it was again repeated all that night and the next day, and the night following, until we all nearly despaired of his life. But since the doctors applied a potential cautery, the flow of blood has been stayed till now, and we hope that it will continue to be so, and give us greater hope of his healing ; whereof the doctors and surgeons have conceived a very good part [sic], although there is still danger. But God guides all, and we must refer all to His providence ; and pray Him to give us what is for our good. As for Mr Gilpin's matter I did what I could. Since then he has not applied to me, notwithstanding that such was our resolution. I will not fail to give him all the help in my power. You will have heard of the taking of Lens in Artois by his Highness's people, and that the enemy is for besieging it.—Antwerp, 4 April 1582. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 100.]
April 5. 657. 'NEMO' to RANDOLPH.
To your letter of the date 26th February, which I received the 10th of March, I made answer immediately after receipt of it, and I believe ere now you have seen the same (samming), therefore I depend upon your answer concerning the contents of my letter to be sent to such place as is therein contained. After writing it, I intended to wait at Tours, but finding it very quiet, and all my acquaintance absent, I 'took purpose' to pass to Poitou, where Tau and Nequam were lying ; one at 'Mirbo' [Mirebeau], the other at Saint Miexent, but 7 leagues distant. There I tarried till I saw their meeting, which was the 25th ult. Great travail and fair promises were made to have persuaded him to Paris, but in vain. Finally she departed not well contented, taking with her the queen her daughter. While Tau lay waiting upon this conference, 14 ensigns of infantry passed by the town where he was, and remained the space of eight days within four leagues 'to' him, directly betwixt him and Gascony. Without question they had some purpose which they could not execute, because Tau was so well accompanied. Since then these companies have entered Bordeaux, as though they would embark for the voyage of Portugal. The 'lifting' of so many men-of-war, and the uncertainty of the cause of it, and the great craft that has been used to entrap Tau at this late negotiation, together with the shooting of the Prince of Orange, has made Tau with his associates to have greater diffidence 'nor' before ; whereof there appears nothing to follow but open hostility among 'their self.' The king is lying at Dollenville, awaiting the return of his mother ; where tomorrow by God's grace I mind to be, because the Prince Dauphin is this day arrived from Flanders, and ridden in post towards the king. The horse of which I wrote long since, which Alpha should have sent to Scotland, are this day 'sortit' out of this town for that effect. It was a great 'adventure' that your messenger found me here, because I was but arrived from Poitou the night before. Therefore let your answer be sent where I wrote in my other letter and to no other part. I will look for it with all diligence. My own particular affairs I commit to your own discretion.—Paris, 5 April 1582. (Signed) Nemo. P.S.—I am informed that some Scottish ships are come to Dieppe, in which I am assured that Phocas has written for me again ; therefore my answer 'would' have the greater expedition. Add. Endd. by L. Tomson : To Mr Randolph, from N. Scottish. 1 p. [France VII. 48.]