America and West Indies
July 1706

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1916

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166-184

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'America and West Indies: July 1706', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 23: 1706-1708 (1916), pp. 166-184. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73723 Date accessed: 23 September 2014.


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Contents

July 1706

July 1.
Barbados.
405. Governor Sir B. Granville to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letter of April 26. All things being quiet here, and no news of any motion of the French, I have nothing to lay before your Lordships at this time but the overtures have bin made to me by the Charibbes on St. Vincents to submitt themselves to the Queen and shake off their dependance on the French. I have given encouragement to it, and hope it may prove of advantage: it is a matter but now began, as I see farther into it I shall be enabled to speak more particularly of it to your Lordships. Encloses Act to Supply the want of cash and to establish a method of credit etc. Signed, Bevill Granville. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 17th Sept., 1706. Holograph. 2 pp. [C.O. 28, 9. No. 51; and 29, 10. pp. 90, 91.]
July 1.
Barbados.
406. Same to Mr. Sec. Hedges. Acknowledges letters of May 9, 16, and April 20. I will endeavour to spread the account of the glorious successe of H.M. armes so as it may reach the Spaniards, tho' that is not so certain from hence as from Jamaica, there being no direct communication with them from this Island. Repeats part of preceding. I have hearken'd to the Charibbes [above], and intend to try them on this occasion, they going frequently amongst the Spaniards. It appears to me probable that from it a way may be settled both of dispersing news amongst the Spaniards, and establishing a trade and correspondence with them etc. Tho' my accounts of the French desighns in these parts ran higher then what they have since attempted, they were confirm'd to me from so many parts that I was obliged to lay them before you etc. In generall all still agree that the losse sustain'd [on St. Kitts and Nevis] was through the great misbehaviour of the inhabitants etc. Signed, Bevill Granville. Holograph. 4 pp. [C.O. 28, 38. No. 49.]
July 2.
Whitehall.
407. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Sec. Hedges. Enclose following to be laid before H.M. Autograph signatures. 1 p. Endorsed, R. 2. Enclosed,
407. i. Extract of letter from Gov. Seymour (March 8) relating to convoys and the want of a small man of war etc. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 721. Nos. 6, 6.i.; and 5, 726. pp. 390, 391.]
July 2.
Whitehall.
408. W. Popple, jr., to Anthony Burnaby, Sec. to the Commissioners of Prizes. Encloses extract of letter from Gov. Seymour, March 8, and proceedings relating to prizes mentioned therein. [C.O. 5, 726. pp. 391, 392.]
July 2.
Whitehall.
409. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Board of Ordnance. Enclose extract of Gov. Seymour's letter, March 8, relating to stores of war. [C.O. 5, 726. p. 392.]
July 2.
Whitehall.
410. W. Popple, jr., to Sir Simon Harcourt, Solicitor General. Encloses extract of letter from Gov. Seymour, March 8, relating to Irish Papists. The Council of Trade and Plantations desire you would consider the Act therein referr'd to, and to let them have your opinion what may be done, either by the said Act, or any Law of England, to prevent the growth of Popery in that Province. [C.O. 5, 726. p. 393.]
July 2.
Whitehall.
411. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Hedges. Enclose letters from Governors relating to the spoils committed by the French in the Leeward Islands, etc. Autograph signatures. Endorsed, R. July 2. 1 p. [C.O. 318, 3. No. 30; and 138, 11. p. 484.]
[July 2.]412. Extracts from letters of Governor Handasyd, Jan. 14, Feb. 16 (see preceding). 2½ pp. [C.O. 137, 45. Nos. 73, 73.i.]
July 2⅓.413. Commandant Beeckman to the Directors of the Dutch West India Company. Dutch. 2½ pp. [C.O. 116, 20. No. 5.]
[July 4.]414. Richard Butler and others to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Answers to objections that may be made to their proposal of June 10. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 4, 1706. 2½ large pp. [C.O. 323, 6. No. 12.]
July 4.415. Bishop of London to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I thought it my duty to impart ye inclosed as a new instance of Mr. Pence insolence, at least as I conceive it: for it seems to controle H.M. former directions and to tell us no man shall take an oath where he governs. I presume ye next fit of conscience will be not to allow ye sight or conversation of any man upon their holy ground, that can take an oath or has already defiled himself with it. I beg you would let it be layed by. Signed, H. London. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 8th July, 1706. Addressed. ½ p. Enclosed,
415. i. Minister and Vestry of St. Paul's Church, Chester, Pa., to the Bishop of London. Chester, March 25, 1706. The Quakers have made enclosed Law, and raised money on us as well as themselves towards making interest to get it improved. There are persons in all Counties that will administer an oath, if authorized, and therefore no danger of that failure of justice as is insinuated in that Law; the true reason of it is, that when they can administer an affirmation to persons of ye Church of England and qualify them for evidences after that manner, then they'l have no occation of an oath to be administred in any case, and so ingross the whole Government to themselves. Several of them begin now to scruple sitting on the bench, when an oath is administred, and have put a clause in the Act that it shall be the act of that magistrate who administers it, and not the act of the Court, but we would observe that some of the most reputable among them have sett on the bench, and continues so to do, when an oath is administred, even those who takes upon them to write and put out books in behalf of the rest, so that we fear it is not so much conscience as design in them to have the Government in their own hands and frustrate us of the security which H.M. by her Order was pleased to afford us etc. Signed, Hen. Nicols, Minister, Jas. Yeates, Jer. Collett, Tho. Powell, Henry Hollingsworth, Henry Peirce, Edward Jenings, John Wade, Jos. Worrall, Jos. Baker, Edw. Danger, Samuel Bysshop, James Sandelandes, William Davies. 2 pp.
415. ii. Copy of Act of Pennsylvania, directing the qualifications of officers etc. [See June 17.] 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 1263. Nos. 121, 121.i., ii.]
July 4.
Whitehall.
416. Council of Trade and Plantations. Propose Capt. Brooks, Capt. Jenour and Col. Trimingham to be of the Council of Bermuda. [See March 11.] [C.O. 38, 6. pp. 199, 200.]
July 4.
Whitehall.
417. Mr. Sec. Hedges to Governor Parke. I send this in hopes it may overtake the West India Pacquet Boat before she goes off, to acquaint you with the good news we received yesterday by an express from Sir Stafford Fairborne who commands the squadron of H.M. ships before Ostende of the surrender of that place. The officers that came from thence say there was advice of King Charles III arrivall at Madrid, that place having declared for him, so that we have no reason to doubt but in a very short time all Spain will have followed that example, and we hope the Spaniards in the West Indies will not be backward to do the same, and to show their loyalty to their naturall Soveraign and throw off the yoke of a Forreign Tyranny. Five French ships laden with provisions and bound to Martinico, having lately been luckily taken by two of H.M. ships and brought into Ireland, H.M., out of her great concern for her poor distressed subjects at Nevis and St. Christophers, has been graciously pleased to order the said ships and provisions with such an addition out of her own stores as will fully lade those ships to be immediately sent thither for their present relief, and is taking measures for their further support and assistance with all expedition. You are to give a receipt of all the provisions and stores that are delivered to you out of the said ships, and to take the best care you can to distribute and dispose thereof to those most in necessity, and in proportion to their occasions in the doing of which you are to take the advice and assistance of the Councill. You are also to take vouchers from the persons that receive them, whereby to discharge yourself, and to send me an exact and particular account of what you shall do therein. Signed, C. Hedges.
The first paragraph of the foregoing letter signed by Mr. Secretary and sent to the following Governors, viz., Lord Cornbury, Col. Dudley, Col. Nott, Col. Seymour, Sir B. Granville, Col. Handasyde. [C.O. 324, 30. pp. 97, 98.]
July 4.
Whitehall.
418. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. In obedience to your Majesty's Order June 26, we have considered the Act of Jamaica for raising an additional duty and import, etc. and find that by reason the revenue of that Island was from several extraordinary occasions reduced very low, the Assembly agreed to the passing of this Act, which is to continue for one year, and will therefore expire Aug. 15, 1706. But whereas the duty on bottled beer, etc. is 2s. 6d. per doz., which amounts to 10l. per tun, tho' at the same time beer in cask pays but 4s. per tun, which disproportion we think very unreasonable, and therefore offer that the petition of the merchants, with their reasons for lowering the said duties, be sent to Governor Handasyd, with directions that he acquaint the Assembly in case of their passing a like Act, with the unreasonableness of the said duty, and that the duty of 6d. per doz. may suffice on this occasion, which is ten times more than the duty on beer in cask. [C.O. 138, 11. pp. 489–491; and 138, 12. pp. 7–9.]
July 5.
Crutched Fryers.
419. Mr. Merrett to Mr. Sec. Hedges. Encloses following, "that your Honour may see how unkind and base those people have been who may justly be censured to have stifled the letters Major Lloyd sent to your Honour and others, as their papers of accusation against Lloyd which came in the said shipp have been by them preserved. I therefore pray your Honour not to think amisse of Mr. Lloyd till you shall have an impartiall acct. from thence. And as the inhabitants have presumed to addresse H.M., altho' it's a homely one, from poore ffishermen, yet I pray your Honour to lett H.M. be informed of the zeale of her poore ffishing subjects in Newfoundland, which will be a great incouridgement to them, who have sustained such great losses there this warr. And as (Blessed be God) there is so great appearance of an open trade with Spaine by the glorious successe of H.M. armes, I further presume to offer that when a Treaty of Commerce shall be settled with King Charles III, notice may be taken of the great losses of us who have been concerned in this ffishery, that if possible wee may have a trade with ffish, or at least that a certaine number of shipps may proceed yearely from Newfoundland to the West Indies, the Dominions of Spaine, of which I have more to offerr. Signed, Solomon Merrett. Endorsed, R. Jul. 6, '06. Addressed. 1 p. Enclosed,
419. i. Major Lloyd to Mr. Merrett. St. Johns. The Inhabitants having desired me to send the enclosed to England, I pray your care of the same. I have had severall of the spyes I sent to Placentia returned, they have palasado'd the lower Fort double, and the upper Fort single this fall, and are still very busye at worke. I have nothing now to add, hopeing my last will reach your hands, not questioning but you will understand the meaning of it. The villanies of Mr. Moody, the Parson, and the late souldrs. doth all now come out. Next spring I shall be able to give you a better account of all the affaires of Newfoundland than ever. I now dispaire of what you know, but had I knowne I should have been served so, I am sure I would never have desired to returne to this country, and if ever it is done on such easye termes as I proposed againe, I am mistaken, but I could have effected it this winter as things are. The inhabitants and I are all one, and as ready to do anything for the service that I aske as I can be to aske them. Signed, Tho. Lloyd. Copy. ¾ p. [C.O. 194, 22. Nos. 67, 67.i.]
July 8.
Antigua.
420. Lt. Governor Johnson to Mr. Sec. Hedges. Acknowledges letters of April and May. The extraordinary good newes they bring was extreamly wellcome and little less than necessary to support the drooping spirites of H.M. subjects here; and to mortify the insolence of our neighbours, whose success this summer has almost made them believe their King is master of the world and the other Princes of Europe despairing to preserve their Dominions or their freedome. Col. Parke, who is expected here every moment, will, noe doubt, dispense these accounts so that they may reach the Spaniards etc. Where the French are now, or what they have beene doing these three months since they went to Leeward, wee are yet to learne; but Capt. Kerr comes much too late to prevent any mischiefe; and had he come sooner, these poore Islands wou'd not have beene in a condition to have spar'd any men etc. Signed, Jon. Johnson. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 42. No. 3.]
July 8.
Whitehall.
421. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Lord Cornbury. Give instructions as to the Commission of Review for the complaints of the Mohegan Indians as June 26. Enclose copy of Col. Dudley's proceedings upon the first Commission etc. Set out, N.Y. Docs. IV. p. 1179. [C.O. 5, 1120. pp. 468, 469.]
July 9.422. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have considered the following Act of Pennsylvania [see June 19], and in regard, as is stated, ye greatest part of ye inhabitants are Quakers, the Proprietor also being a Quaker, and Quakers by the Laws there may have judicial places, I do not see but this Law, which is made with the spirit of ye Quakers, may be allow'd them: as to ye affirmations in lieu of oaths and the method of administring them, the Law in England allowing affirmation by Quakers instead of oaths doth not extend to the Plantations, they not being named in ye Act, and therefore a Law may properly be made in Pensylvania to allow such affirmation. By ye English Act, ye Affirmation is not to be allowed in criminall cases, but is allowed by thi[s] in Pensylvania, for wch. there may be some reason, because ye greatest part of the inhabitants are Quakers, and provision is made for punishing falsitys on affirmations as would be on oaths, and persons that are willing to take oaths, may take them, if there be any Magistrate present who doth not scruple to administer an oath, wch. may be easily stipulated for with the Proprietor that such shall always be provided. By this Law a deposition in writing taken in any matter or cause of a person sick or going out of yt. Province is allow'd to be evidence, wch. I think is too hard in criminal cases. I have no other objections against this Act. Signed, Edw. Northey. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 10, 1706. 2 pp. Enclosed,
422. i. Copy of Act of Pennsylvania directing the qualifications of officers etc. 10¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 1263. Nos. 122, 122.i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 1291. pp. 418, 419.]
July 9.423. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I do not find any Law that prohibits the exportation of wool-cards [see April 3], but on the contrary there is in the book of rates a Custom mentioned to be paid for wool exported etc. Signed, Edw. Northey. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 11, 1706. Written on back of copy of Mr. Bridger's letter, March 25. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 5, 864. Nos. 67, 67.i.; and 5, 912. p. 178.]
July 9.
Bermuda.
424. Lt. Governor Bennett to Mr. Popple. A vessell touching here from Nevis gives me this oppertunity of enclosing copys of June 25 etc. I conclude it needless to trouble you with a relation of the unhappy condition of Nevis, because one Col. Danl. Smith is already gone home in the packet boat from thence with all particulars, and in this vessell goes one Mr. Penny of H.M. Councill there and Treasurer of the Island. The last letter I recd. from their Lordps. was dated Oct. 29; I doe all I can to keep the people in quiet, by telling them I daily expect orders, but there's a general dissatisfaction (as in my former Letters), noe Courts in Law or Equity having been held above these 15 months. I have endeavoured what I can to persuade the Council and Judges to sitt and doe businesse, but all to no purpose, they still entreating to be excused, till the success of the Council's sentiments and Judges' Remonstrance be known etc. [see April 4, 1705]. Should I [have] suspended the Councill, and turn'd out the Judges, we should then have been almost without the show of governmt., for I could not have found persons anyway qualifyed to supplye[d] their places, people are soe generally averst to him [Jones], and would not act if he was Clark: I have also continuall complaints of the liberty he gives his prisoners, and sending any one of the male-contents to jayl is become a jest, and is said to be goeing home, for Capt. Nelson, who is in on an Execution and on a Bill of Indictmt., which has been found agt. him by the Grand Jury, for vilifying me and the Council, has the door continually open from morning to night, and trades and keeps a shop there, and people goes as naturally to buy goods as to other places; and Dr. Starr, who was committed att the Quarter Sessions and bound over to answer his contempts and affronts to Govermt. att the next Assizes, has the priviledge to lodge att home, and walk where he pleases, not thinking it worth his while to shun me, for I see him sometimes more than twice in a day. I could mention many other unreasonable liberties Capt. Jones allows to people who are known enemys and disturbers of the govermt., of all which I have repeatedly told him, but to noe purpose, and the last time I spoak to him abt. it, I told him I would complain. I hear he has exhibited Articles agt. me, but I depend on their Lordps.' accustomed justice, in giveing me the opportunity of answering them before credited, etc. Signed, B. Bennett. P.S.—As I was making up my letters, a sloop arrived from Barbados, the Mr. of which reports that he came out with the Fleet on June 24, part whereof consisting of abt. 40 sail of mercht. men under convoy of two men of war were bound for England. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 6th Aug., 1706. Holograph. 3½ pp. Enclosed,
424. i. Account of the Stores of War in the Magazines in Bermuda when Col. Bennett arrived there. Duplicate of C.S.P. 1701. No. 456.ii. Signed, B. Bennett. Endorsed, Recd. Aug. 5, 1706. 1 p.
424. ii. Account of same July 9, 1706. Same signature and endorsement. 1 p.
424. iii. Proceedings of a Court of Admiralty, Bermuda, Jan. 11, 12, 14, 1705/6. Condemnation and appraisement of the French ship, Alexander, taken by the Bermuda privateer, Dolphin, Capt. John Evans, Dec. 29, 1705. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 9 pp. [C.O. 37, 7. Nos. 30, 30.i.–iii.; and (without enclosures) 38, 6. pp. 200–203.]
July 9.
Barbados.
425. Governor Parke to the Council of Trade and Plantations. My last was from the Madera; our Fleet arrived there Aug. 4, Captain Kerr the Comr. having brought us so farr out of our way much against my will. I mett here wth. the ill news, that Nevis and St. Christophers had been both taken and plundered by the French. I suppose long since you have had the acct. of it from Col. Johnson, who, I hear, was not at Nevis nor any other of the officers of the regiment, except one. The Comr. has promised wee shall sayl to-morrow, and as soon as I come uppon the place, shall send you as perticular an account of this misfortune as I can possibly gett, and there shall be nothing wanting in me to resettle the Islands; I have desired some gunns and powder and shott of Sir B. Grandvill; I have no promise of any as yett; your Lorpps. well knows how many Memorialls I have deliver'd to gett troops and stores, but had not the good fortune to gett eighther nor so much as an opertunity of getting to my Government till by this Fleet. I had your letter here by this boat, wth. the glorious news; I thank your Lorpps. for putting me in mind of my duty, to caus a day of Thanksgiving, but had I received no such orders, my own inclinations would have made me do a duty so very agreable to me. Signed, Daniell Parke. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 17th Sept., 1706. 2 pp. [C.O. 152, 6. No. 60; and 153, 9. pp. 390, 391.]
July 9.
Jamaica.
426. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have considered of an Act of Jamaica, to provide an additional subsistance for H.M. officers and souldiers, etc. The parts of it which relate to quartering and subsisting H.M. forces are temporary, and are to expire on Nov. 2 next, but other parts, which I apprehend intrench on H.M. Royal Prerogative, are perpetual. As to ye provisions for subsisting the soldiers by deficiencys, I am not able to judge whether it be a sufficient provision or not, and being onely temporary, if the same be found by ye Officers of H.M. forces to be insufficient, it may be rectified when another Bill shall pass; however, the clause in ye Act that no person shall have any share of ye money to be raised by that Act, that marryes any inhabitant of that Island, is unkind. And as to the other part[s] of ye Act which are perpetual, vizt. the clause yt. disables any officer or soldier (the Governour excepted) to use, exercise or enjoy any civil Commission, power, place or authority, or in the Militia in that Island, and the clause yt. lays a penalty on all persons not being native-born subjects of England, Ireland or the Plantations in America, that shall use, exercise or enjoy any Commission, civil or military (except in H.M. forces in yt. Island under her pay) I am of opinion they are both against H.M. prerogative, and ye latter carries the disability further than what is done by the Act of 7° Wm., which is restrained to the Court of Law and ye Treasury, and that matter is not concerned in ye title of ye Act, and therefore, that this Act is not fit to be confirmed. Signed, Edw. Northey. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 11, 1706. 2 pp. [C.O. 137, 7. No. 27; and 138, 12. pp. 1–3.]
July 10.
Barbados.
427. Governor Sir B. Granville to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letters of May 30, 31. Commadore Kerr with his squadron and trade arrived here the 4th inst., and General Park. Commadore Kerr sails to-morrow for Nevis, having bin here under an ill state of health. The French have some time since gone to Leeward, it is reported that they have desighns on Jamaica and Curassao. The alarum of the French has given me room to improve the dead defence of this Island, that is getting the fortifications into a better condition then ever they were, much is wanting yet to perfect them, and at last they must be weak, unlesse there be men to support them, the Island is thin of people in proportion of what it has bin formerly. A scheme is preparing of the works began, and what intended, wch. shall very suddenly be laid before your Lordships. The fleet for England under convoy of the Weymouth sail'd hence June 23, and the last pacquet boat the 1st. Signed, Bevill Granville. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 17th Sept., 1706. Holograph. 3 pp. [C.O. 28, 9. No. 52; and 29, 10. pp. 92, 93.]
July 10.
Barbados.
428. Same to [? Mr. Sec. Hedges]. Acknowledges letters of April 20, May 30, and repeats part of preceding. Signed, Bevill Granville. Endorsed, R. 16 [? Sept.] Holograph. 3 pp. [C.O. 28, 38. No. 50.]
July 12.
Whitehall.
429. Mr. Sec. Hedges to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses extract about the Indians from Gov. Dudley's letter, April 23. I desire your opinion of the service he mentions. The expression of the Indians being fled over to the French seems to imply that they have been driven to it, for he takes no notice whether they had taken part with them or not. Signed, C. Hedges. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 15, 1706. 1 p. Enclosed,
429. i. Extract from Gov. Dudley's letter, April 23. ½ p. [C.O. 5, 864. Nos. 70, 71; and 5, 912. pp. 183, 184.]
July 12.
Councill-Chamber, Whitehall.
430. Order of Committee of Council for hearing Appeals. In the Commission of Review of the Mohegan case, a clause is to be inserted that no Commissioners are to act who have any interest in ye lands in difference. Signed, John Povey. Endorsed, Recd. Read Feb. 12, 1706/7. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 1263. No. 133; and 5, 1291. p. 443.]
July 15.
Antegua.
431. Governor Parke to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I did myselfe the honour to write to yr. Lordships at Barbados per this packett, but being permitted to sayl heither in the Sheerness before the Fleet, I arrived here yesterday morning, and have just time to acquaint yr. Lordships that as soon as my Commission was read, and I had taken the oaths and sworn the Council, I order'd in Council a Proclamation for a Publick Thanksgiving etc., being very glad to have an opertunity of makeing the Island to rejoyce to be the first act of my Government. I am not able to give any account of the Island, being but just come on shore, etc. I think to goe to Neviss and so to St. Kitts. I design to take wth. me some of the Council, and then to inform myselfe on the place of the present cyrcomstances of those Islands, and how they came to be so cowardly lost. I must intreat yr. Lordships to lay before the Queen and Council the distressed condition of all these Islands at present, in order to gett a supply of men, gunns and other stores. I can't send a better s[ch]edule of what is wanted than that I gave in to yr. Lordships, except I add to every article; Col. Johnson being Lt.-Gov. of Nevis, and being C. in C. in my absence, he took care to have the most and best gunns and stores there (if I am rightly informed), wch. are now all distroyed, so that one frigot must be kept there to protect the Harbour from the Privateers, but what we shall do if Capt. Kerr takes with him the Sheerness I know not. Refers to enclosures. I have sent her to Neviss, whither Capt. Kerr is goeing; Capt. Bloyce, Comr. of the Sheerness, is a very good officer, he is very deligent and desirous to do us all the good he can, and such a man wee want at this time. I am perswaded that if the Queen would spare us 5,000 men, wee might take Martineco and put an end to these insults, by wch. means wee should ingross the sugar trade for course sugar; wch. would be of great advantage to the English Nation; and this might be don wth. little charge, for after the campaigns in Europe are over a squadron of ships might embark 5 or 6,000 men with 2 morters (battering gunns wee could have from the shipps) and I could joyn from these Islands near 1,000 good men, and both ships and troops might be wth. you in Apll., time enough to take the field: the troopes nor ships will not be much the worse for being 2 or 3 months in a fine weather country; if yr. Lordships thinks well of it to make such a proposall perhapps, now the Queen has humbled the French in Europe, she might also thinke of doeing of it here. Signed, Daniel Parke. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 17th Sept., 1706. 4 pp. Enclosed,
431. i. Governor Parke to Capt. Kerr. Antigua, July 15, 1706. Encloses following. Since the Council mett, I have an acct. that there are several privateers about Nevis, which have taken two vessels belonging to this Island. I have ordered Capt. Bloys to Nevis. I doubt not but you will agree both with the Council and myself that it is undoubtedly for the Queen's service for the Sheerness to attend the service of these Islands etc. Signed, D. Parke. Endorsed, Recd. Sept. 14, 1706. Copy. 1½ pp.
431. ii. Minutes of Council of Antigua, St. Johnston, Sunday, July 14, 1706. H.E. communicated H.R.H. orders to Capt. Bloyes, H.M.S. Sheerness, to attend the Leeward Islands with the Sheerness and Swan and to follow such orders as he should receive from the Governor etc., also an Order from Capt. Kerr, H.M.S. Bredah, Commr. of the Jamaica Convoy, dated Barbados, Carlile Bay, July 9, to Capt. Bloyes desiring him to join his squadron at Nevis, in order to goe to Jamaica and returne again when the expedition is over. The Council advised that the Sheerness should continue in these Islands, which are continually alarm'd and insulted, and protect trade, which is wholely discouraged and almost irretrieveably ruined by the enemy's numerous privateers, and therefore 'tis plain that Commadore Kerr without some reasonable prospect of greater service ought not, in pursuance even of his last Instructions from H.R.H., to leave these Islands destitute of such a guard for so long a time. It is now upwards of 3 moneths since the French fleet sayled from Nevis, 'tis uncertain whether they have made any attempt upon Jamaica or not, but if they have, that expedition must have been over more than 6 weeks, since 'tis plain by their conduct at Nevis and St. Kitts, as well as by their confession, M. Ibervile's business was to burne and plunder, not to make conquests or settlements. Wee are very well advised from Martinico, the enemy was under apprehensions a very considerable English Fleet under a Rear Admirall, which was the chief reason of their quiting Nevis soe hastily, and will continue a powerful motive to use the greater dispatches in any future attempts they have been engaged in. Soe that we believe 'twill not be possible for Commodore Kerr to reach the enemy anywhere in America, and if it were, 'twould not perhaps be prudent to aim at it, since if our acct. of ye enemy's strength be true, he will by noe meanes be a match for them, even after a conjunction with Admirall Whetson. Signed by the Council. Copy. 1½ pp. [C.O. 152, 6. Nos. 61, 61.i., ii.; and 152, 42. Nos. 4, 4.i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 153, 9. pp. 392–396.]
July 15.
Antegua.
432. Governor Parke to Mr. Sec. Hedges. Repeats parts of preceding, and demands for men, guns, and stores. After troubling of you a whole year, I was not able to obtain any one thing save vanity enough to thinke that had I been sent as I so often desired with but one Regiment and some gunns and stores, these Islands had not been thus plundered etc. The French privateers swarm about these Islands, and of the two small frigotts that are now come to protect us, the best, the Sheerness, Capt. Kerr designs to take with him, if he does, wee must all starve, for these Islands are supplyed from Ireland and the Continent, and if wee have no vessell to protect their vessells, they will not come to us. The Swan that remains is a small 6th rate, and a heavy saylor of no use here, etc. Signed, Daniel Parke. P.S.—Just as I had finished this, I have an acct. brought me yt. a poor Irishman from Bellfast being attack't in sight of this Island, by an open sloop with 50 men, not onely gott clear, but has killed and wounded near 40 of them, and has brought her in. The poor man had but 9 men and 6 boyes; they betook themselves to their close quarters, and so saved themselves. This very man has been taken this warr three times. These prisoners will give me an opertunity to send a flag of truce to Martineco and send them the good news you sent me, pleas God they shall have it this week, to help to digest the plunder they have gott from us, etc. If you make a peace, pray remember yt. wee keep St. Kitts. Endorsed, R. Sept. 16. Holograph. 4 pp. Enclosed,
432. i.–ii. Duplicates of Nos. 431.i., ii. [C.O. 152, 42. Nos. 6, 6.i., ii.]
July 15.
Whitehall.
433. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Recommend for repeal the Act of Jamaica to provide an additional subsistance for H.M. soldiers etc. Quote objectionable clauses [see July 9] "which intrench upon your Royal prerogative, your Majesty having a right to the services of your subjects in what capacity your Majesty thinks best, and which we look upon as a burthen and discouragement imposed upon the souldiery, which happens the more unseasonable at this time when they are upon harder duty by reason of the danger wherewith that Island is threatned from the enemy" etc. [C.O. 138, 12. pp. 3–6.]
July 15.
Whitehall.
434. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Sec. Hedges. We have compared Col. Dudley's expression [see July 12] with other letters from him, whereby it is plain that the Indians referred to were the Eastern Indians allied to the French etc. And upon this occasion we think it proper to signify that Col. Dudley has comported himself with good conduct and prudence in the management of this affair, and that his service deserves to be recommended to H.M. Autograph signatures. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 751. No. 75; and 5, 912. pp. 184, 185.]
July 15.
Windsor.
435. Order of Queen in Council. Appointing Capts. Brooks, Jenour, and Trimingham to the Council of Bermuda [see July 4]. Signed, John Povey. Endorsed, Recd. Read Aug. 6, 1706. 1 p. [C.O. 37, 7. No. 34; and 38, 6. p. 219.]
July 15.
Windsor.
436. Order of Queen in Council. Directions to be sent to the Governor of Jamaica as proposed July 4. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 18, 1706. 3 pp. [C.O. 137, 7. No. 28; and 138, 12. pp. 7–10.]
July 17.
Whitehall.
437. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lord High Treasurer. Enclose accounts of the Board [see June 24]. [C.O. 389, 36. pp. 317, 318.]
July 17.
Whitehall.
438. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Lord Cornbury. Finding that Lt. Congrave is not yet gone, wee take this oppertunity to acquaint your Lordship that the Office of Ordnance, upon occasion of the stores demanded by your Lordship for New York, have reported to H.M. that "they have not any account of the remain of the stores there, so that it is impossible for them to make a true judgement of what is necessary to be sent." Your Lordship will therefore find the occasion of H.M. not sending of stores has been the want of the necessary accounts, which you should send us and the Board of Ordnance by all conveyances, and particularly an account of remains of stores of all sorts, and an account of the expences and necessity of such expences of the stores of ordnance, without which no supply is to be expected from hence. But we must withall exhort your Lordship again to lay these wants before the Assembly, that they may make such provision of money as shall be requisite to purchase a supply of stores of all sorts for their own defence, which you are likewise to do to the Assembly of New Jersey, for their particular security. [C.O. 5, 1120. pp. 472–474.]
July 18.
Whitehall.
439. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Sloper. Enclose letter for Lord Cornbury. [C.O. 5, 1120. p. 475.]
July 19.
Whitehall.
440. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Recommend 13 Acts of New Hampshire for ratification, and, for reasons given by the Attorney General June 11 (q.v.), the following for repeal: (1, 2) Act and Additional Act for settling intestates' estates; (3, 4) Act and Additional Act concerning marriages; (5) Additional Act concerning Constables; (6) Act for maintenance of the Ministry; (7) acknowledging deeds; (8) restraining inhuman severities; (9) punishing criminals; (10) recording deeds; (11) taking affidavits out of Court; (12) regulating civil causes; (13) establishing Courts of Justice. [C.O. 5, 912. pp. 186–193.]
July 19.
Whitehall.
441. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Handasyd. We transmit H.M. Order in Council July 15, to be laid before the Assembly on the first occasion. [C.O. 138, 12. pp. 10, 11.]
July 19/30.
Essequibo.
442. Commandant Beeckman to the Directors of the Dutch West India Company. See Appendix to Report of the Venezuelan Boundary Commission. Signed, Samuel Beeckman. Endorsed, Read Nov. 15 (N.S.) 1706. Dutch. 10 pp. Enclosed,
442. i. List of goods exported Aug. 5 (N.S.) 1706. Dutch. 2 pp.
442. ii. List of goods required. June 24 (N.S.), 1706. Dutch. 8½ pp.
442. iii. Muster roll of the Company's servants. July 30 (N.S.) 1706. Dutch. 2½ pp.
442. iv. List of (6) persons returning home. July 10 (N.S.) 1706. 1 p.
442. v. Measurements of sugar coppers. ¾ p. [C.O. 116, 20. Nos. 6, 6. i.-v.]
July 22.
Boston.
443. Governor Dudley to [? Mr. Popple]. Since mine of Oct. 20, Feb. 1, and Apr. 23 I have no letter from their Lordshipps, nor have I had any direct conveyance, but the mast shipps being now arrived, I shall give full accts. of all things by them, who I hope will be ready to sail in Sept., this is by Barbadoes to meet the Packet boat. All the coasts on the Mayn have been lately alarm'd by the ill news from Nevis, and in some expectation of the French force looking this way, which now most probably is diverted, the principall of that fleet being gone down into New Spayn, however I am in a good readiness for them, the work at Boston, Piscataqua and other parts being in very good repair, and the people very ready for the service. I have lately had a descent of three parties of Indians, about an 100d. in a Troop from the French side, which has forced me to double my guards on the frontiers. Luckily 100 of them came to surprise Dunstable, a poor village, and found unexpectedly a Troop of Horse in a poor Garrison house, who saved the whole village and sent them home with a loss, which costs them a whole summer's march out and home, the other two troops are yet lurking about mee, but dare not make their assault as yet. I pray you to assure their Lordships there is nothing left undone to secure the frontiers of this long open countrey, nor the masting and affairs of that sort, and tho it is to the great expence of the province to about 30,000l. per annum, yet nobody complains either of the service or expence of their money, which makes me very easy with the Generall Assembly and the people in generall. And if it may be acceptable to their Lordships and so represented to H.M., I have what I wish and am well rewarded. Signed, J. Dudley. Endorsed, Recd. Nov. 28, 1706, Read Feb. 28, 1706/7. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 864. No. 113; and 5, 912. pp. 265–267.]
July 27.444. Attorney General to Sir C. Hedges. Having received your commands on the inclosed extract of Coll. Seymour's letter, I cannot give any certain opinion on it without perusing the Lord Baltimore's Charter therein mentioned, which I have not, etc. As to what the Coll. states to be the opinion of the Provincial Court of Maryland, that the severall Statutes of England (unlesse they expressely mention the Plantations) are not in force there, is in part true. For the Plantations being governed by their own Laws, an Act made in England (unlesse [the Plantations] or words including them, as [other her Majesties Dominions] be in such Act) doth not extend to the Plantations. However, though this be generally true, yet for the Lawes of England, wch. were in being at the planting that Colony by the subjects of the Crown of England, if the same were received by the Inhabitants, and putt in practice there, they (by virtue of the Generall Consent appearing by their being put in use there) became the Laws of that Country, till they shall be altered by some Act of the Assembly there. And for the Criminall Laws of England, which have been so used there, I am of opinion they may and ought to be put in use there still, till other Laws shall be made there to be used in the place of them. Signed, Edw. Northey. Endorsed, R. July 28. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 721. No. 7.]
July 28.
On board the Jamaica packett.
445. John Smith to [? Mr. Dummer. See Aug. 1st]. Reports the condition of the Leeward Islands. The chief thing wanting at Barbados is provision. Antigua and Montserat were prepared to receive an enemy, tho' in all probability able to make but a feeble defence by reason of the small number of people. Nevis, which formerly seem'd to be the Garden of the Caribbees, is now a deplorable spectacle of ruin, her forts demollish'd, plantations burnt, as well canes as houses, their negroes, some taken, the rest fled to the mountains, which of late begin to drop in, the inhabitants forsakeing it, some to New England, Pensilvania etc. St. Xphers, tho' of much less strength and abundantly fewer in number, yet gave the enemy an honourable [? resistance], and ye verdure of that Island seems to recover its former complexion. Col. Handasyde had made such preparation at Jamaica, that the enemy would have small reason to vant of their enterprize etc. They are now erecting a new battery of 20 cannon at Port Royall, etc. We were chased into Plymouth. Signed, John Smith. Copy. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 137, 45. No. 81.]
July 29.446. Mr. Merrett to Mr. Sec. Hedges. Encloses following and repeats part of letter, July 5. I have letters from severall persons advising how easye they are with Major Lloyd's manidgment. I humbly pray that some mention may be made in the Gazett of the enclosed Address, etc. Signed, Solomon Merrett. Endorsed, R. 29. Addressed. ¾ p. Enclosed,
446. i. Major Lloyd to [? Mr. Merrett]. St. Johns, Newfoundland, June 6, 1706. This comes by so sudden an oppertunity that have not time to give you an acct. of the affairs of this country, it being by one Capt. Filmore bound for Lisbon, who only stops at the harbour's mouth, but would not stay. I received yours of Feb. 12, and observe the unjust reflections put upon me by my false accusers, but I dare venture to say that no Officer that ever served here was ever more intirely beloved by the inhabitants and Commanders of ships now here. So far from trading have I been last winter, that tho' I had an oppertunity by the necessity the people proved to be in for want of provisions last winter of laying severall 100l. in my pockett, yet did not dispose of one pennyworth to my own advantage, but lent every inhabitant whatever provisions they wanted only to returne the same in specie this summer, their gratitude for which and other kindnesses done by them oblidged them on the perusall of your letter to sign enclosed petition, etc. Pray inform Mr. Secretary Hedges that in December last a party of French came to Ferreland with a French ship to load salt. I immediately sent a party from St. Johns, who tooke severall Canadions prisoners, who are still in my custody, except two who endeavoured to make their escape from prison, but were kill'd in the attempt, the french since have not disturbed those parts. In March last an Officer with a strong party of men came to Port Grave and Conception Bay, and upon the request of ye inhabitants and the Generall Consultation with me and my officers, I went with 32 soldiers in pursuance of them—the enemy outran me, however I came up with some of their Indians, and took some of them prisoners, who are the first of that sort of cattle that was ever taken by the English here. A few dss [? days] past I viewed Placentia, having with me a small party of 16 soldiers, the 7th day after I went out I arrived at St. Johns back againe, there is in the Harbour of Placentia forty saile of merchant ships, but not one man of warr, and pray observe to Mr. Secretary that he will find my words true, that no effectuall means can be taken but the method you and I proposed last summer, which would and I am sure will have success, if ever attempted. There wintered in Newfoundland this year English 1,200, there was at Placentia last winter but 200 inhabitants and 120 soldiers. Mr. Roope and the Capts. of the men of warr last summer told me of 900 being there, but I found that and almost everything else they said very wrong, and I wish they may not do the Governmt. a prejudice by pretending to things they know nothing of. I would have attempted Placentia this spring, but could not prevaile with the Inhabitants to joyne with me, and am sure would have carryed it without the loss of 10 men, once 42 masters signed for going, being fully sencible of the probability of the thing, but afterwards drew back for want of 200 soldiers to head them, it greives me to think what an oppertunity has been lost. Notwithstanding the weakness of the french, they once intended another attempt on St. John's last winter, as the Prisoners give acct., I suppose imboldned by their late success, which they gained I am sure by the ill conduct and managemt. of the English, etc. I wrote per Capt. Bridge last fall 2 letters to Mr. Sec. Hedges, and one to Mr. Tucker and one to you with a full acct. of all, and have not time to send copies now, if Capt. Bridge has been so base as not to deliver them, I think the prejudice and the affront is as great, if not greater, to the Govermt. then myselfe. I have done my duty in writing and sending them by a man of warr. Signed, Thomas Lloyd. Endorsed, R. July 29. Copy. 2¼ pp.
446. ii. Inhabitants of St. Johns to the Queen. Return thanks for H.M. care of the fishery, recall of Lt. Moody and those under his commande, whose debauchery might have been of the greatest ill consequence, and for sending Major Lloyd and new troops etc., whom we are firmly resolved to assist. It was Lt. Moody's continued ill usage that prevailed upon severall of us to sign the petition of last spring in his favour. Most of the inhabitants had resolved to goe for England, etc. 114 signatures. True copy of address sent last year, certified by the Admirals of St. Johns. June 6, 1706. 2 pp.
446. iii. Inhabitants of Newfoundland to Sir C. Hedges. Last year we sent an Address (as above), which was intercepted, by wch. Lt. Moody and Dr. Jackson have endeavoured to lessen the reputation of Major Lloyd etc. to whose courage and conduct we owe our security this winter. He has wholy baffled ye enimy and has prevailed with the Inhabitants of Conception Bay to fish this season upon Islands, wch. keeps them from ruin and in great measure secures St. Johns by bringing their provisions out of ye way of ye enimy. We have been very much impoverished by the Enimy's plundering and ye exorbitant prices Lt. Moody laid uppon the Queen's provisions wch. we were forced to give him, so that we were rendered uncapable of providing our winter stock. Major Lloyd supplied us and converted not a pennyworth to his owne use, but lent it uppon condition that we should return the same quantity in kinde in the summer, etc., etc. 71 signatures. Copy certified as preceding. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 194, 22. Nos. 68, 68.i.–iii.]
July 30.
Whitehall.
447. W. Popple to W. Lowndes. Encloses Act of the Massachusets Bay, 1701, for establishing a Naval Office, etc., for the opinion of the Commissioners of Customs thereon. [C.O. 5, 912. pp. 193, 194.]
[July 31.]448. Members of Council of Nevis to Sir C. Hedges. We humbly acquaint your Honr. with ye miserable circumstances this H.M. Island at present labour under for want of due care before and since the loss of it, which could not be prevented by so small a handfull of people, and not above 35 men of H.M. two companies, the rest being carryed to Antego by Col. Johnson. After the first attack by the French, Feb. 5, Col. Johnson came and assured us the danger was not over, and after staying a few days, not calling togeather the militia officers or setled anything of that kind, and took off the 115 men he had sent from Antigoe and the above-mentioned detachment, and assured us he would return in 12 days. Wee intreated him to stay, but could not prevaile. During M. D'Iberville's occupation, Col. Johnson landed no men to our assistance, or have beene to this Island since the enemye left, or sent a guard ship with stores, for want of which the Island is a third worse than when the enemy left itt, by sloops coming and carrying off the inhabitants and stock. … The enemy left 112 small arms with 2 small casks of powder, and out of them the men of H.M. Regiment were armed; when the enemy left, we were in a fair way of resetling, were propper care taken, but are unable to prevent any incursions of the enemy ourselves, but a perfect prey to all robbers, etc., etc. Signed, Wm. Burt, Jno. Smargin, Rich. Abbott, Jas. Bevon, Aza. Pinney. Endorsed, R. July 31, 1706. Addressed. 2 pp. [C.O. 184, 1. No. 22.]
[July.]449. W. Killigrew to Sir C. Hedges. This is what I can at present modestly say of Carolina, the rest must be discourse. Signed, Wm. Killigrew. Endorsed, July, 1706. Addressed. ½ p. Enclosed,
449. i. A Memorandum of the products and trade of Carolina and the Bahama Islands. Cf. April 22. Concludes: By ye proceedings of ye Proprietors and ye Address of ye Lords it is not doubted but ye Government of Carolina will be in ye Crown. If by Quo Warranto, yt. will have several termes, all which time the People will live under oppression. If by Scire Facias, that is the quickest, but still time is lost, and the Proprietors will plead hard, first for ye Charter in general, 2nd, if ye Government is forfieted, they say it can onely be for South Carolina, which is not halfe; 3rd, Allow ye whole Government in the Crowne, they say the Rents and quitt-rents are not fforfeited and must be paid to them, whilst ye Crowne must pay all ye Charges, Civill and Military. If so, ye Proprietors will be gainers in ye maine, and ye People have 2 masters, and ye Land sett at greater rents and charges, which will hinder People from setling there. Fourthly, it will be hard to punish ye Innocent, ffor 2 Proprietors are minors, and 2 more opposed ye 2 bills, and one is a Prisoner in the Fleet, so that there is but 2 or 3 Guilty of Misdemeanor. Now considering ye Consequence Carolina and ye Bahama Islands are to all our Plantations, I take ye ffredome to aske if it is not adviseable privatly to buy out ye Proprietors. In order to which I have given to my Lord Treasurer a Paper demonstrating where 28,000l. may be had, and no doubt the Parliament will consent to renew ye Lycences of the Hackney Coachmen rather than raise such a summe any other way (the Coachmen themselves petitioning for it), And if I am empowered to Act in this business, I don't question but to raise this money presantly. As to charges,
To buy out ye Proprietors of Carolina and ye Bahamas8,000l.
(But if I am imployed privately to agree with ym., some may be saved.)
Charge of ye Bahamas, as in Mr. Graves's Paper5,000l.
For 100 soldiers and officers for 3 years for Port Royal6,219l.15s.
Charge total19, 219l.15s.
Of 28,000l. stock remains cash8,780l.5s.
To be laid out in Fortifications, stores and ammunitions for Port Royall in Carolina. This together with ye rents of the Country will support ye Governt. for ever, and in 3 years tyme will bring in a good Revenue to ye Crowne of England. I am in treaty with some thousands of Protestant People from foreign parts, who are desierous to go thither when this affaire is settled, which naturally will increase ye Rents of the Country and ye Customes very considerably ffor England. Estimate of Civil List, Total, 2,080l. Signed, W. K. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 306. Nos. 3, 3.i.]
July [?].
Antigua.
450. Lt. Governor Johnson to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letter of April 26. I am sorry the accounts I gave of the state of these Islands was not particular enough, but the people here are afraid of having such accounts sent home as may be too particular, and fall into the enemyes clutches. It would be happy if the ministers, when [were ?] fully appris'd of the condition of these collonies, which (and 'tis all I shall say at present) are so weake that unless great care be taken, they will infallibly fall into the enemyes hands next spring; and perhapps Barbados itselfe is not safe. I sent a full collection of all the Lawes, but the same is miscarry'd with the packett boate; if I did not send your Lopps. such an account of our stores, as you seeme to thinke necessary; I assure you 'twas only for want of knowing the method you wou'd be pleas'd with, and not to save paper or paines; for a full and compleate detayle of our stores will lye in a very small compass. In my last to Mr. Sec. Hedges [? May 28] I writt earnestly for 50 or 60 24 and 36 pounders with ball etc. for the use of Monkes Hill; and I now most humbly recommend that affaire to your Lopps., and I hope care may be taken that they shou'd arrive here and be plac'd by Christmass next, for 'tis not improbable the French will make us a visitt next spring. Signed, Jon. Johnson. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 17th Sept., 1706. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 6. No. 62; and 153, 9. pp. 396, 397; and (extract) 152, 42. No. 5.]