America and West Indies
August 1707, 16-31


Institute of Historical Research



Cecil Headlam (editor)

Year published





Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'America and West Indies: August 1707, 16-31', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 23: 1706-1708 (1916), pp. 538-544. URL: Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


(Min 3 characters)

August 1707, 16-31

Aug. 16.1101. Governor Seymour to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to letter of June 10, which I hope ere this has had the good fortune to kiss your hands; and having therein acquainted your Lordships that ye Proprietary Government of North Carolina had made an Act of Assembly which seem'd to be of pernicious consequence to this H.M. more usefull Plantation of Maryland, I have since taken care to procure a copy of it, which I enclose, and cannot doubt but you will be of opinion the encouragement and protection therein given to the people of this Province (the generality whereof are much indebted to ye merchts. in England and others, and can have no such expectation of protection here) is an extraordinary inducement to them to desert their Plantations and cropps here, and withdraw themselves where they may live so many years undisturb'd, which will not a little conduce to the lessening H.M. Revennue of tobacco's, if not tymely prevented by your Lordships' wisdom, for I assure your Lordps., many persons from this Province with their whole familys are of late years removed thither, and purely on that score. My Lords, at the same tyme when I lay this, I can but thinke, necessary as well as true Representation before your honble. Board, I must not omitt doing the Government of Carolina the justice to informe your Lordps. that upon my application and sending a sloope in quest of Richard Clarke and his accomplices, those notorious disturbers of this H.M. Government here, the Deputy Governor and the whole Country exprest their utmost resentment against those villains, as well in words as actions, by endeavouring to take Clarke, and actually surrendring to the person I sent on this occasion, two of his associates, Daniel Wells and Charles Harrison, who accompanyed him thither, and are now both is [in] safe custody in this Province. Upon Clark's first going to Carolina, he call'd himself by the name of Robert Garrett, saying he was Sir N. Johnson's nephew, and pretended to be a Quaker; since which, upon his returne to this Province, where he now is concealed and harboured by many of his friends, he has wrote severall letters to me under a Quaker's stile, sticking them up in the night at Out-houses, and dropping them in the roads. In some he sues for pardon, offering to discover the ill practices of many of his confederates, and in others he threatens to bring 30,000 of the French Indians upon the Country by land, and to direct the French to bring a Navall force by water to invade the Province, if he is not pardoned within some small tyme, which he is pleas'd to affix; yet notwithstanding his most exquisite villany, and the ill principles of many loose, idle persons among us, besides the generall calamity of debts and mortgaged estates for much more than their worth, I doubt not but to preserve what H.M. has been graciously pleased to comitt to my care and conduct (the peace and tranquility of this her Province), from any home bred villany or other forraign attempts, and have put the Country in the best posture of defence it is at present capable of, having appointed the Officers of the Militia of the most loyall and ablest of the inhabitants, and the publique stores of arms and ammunition being now (God be thanked) pritty well supply'd and fix'd; but I have some satisfaction to heare H.M. has thought fitt to send so good an Officer to be my neighbour in Virginia. The Chiefe of the Quakers here, understanding Clark's practices, and that he wrote his letters in their stile, presented me the inclosed Address, to which I could not in justice do less than make the returne endorsed on the back thereof. I dare not presume by this uncertaine conveyance to send your Lordships the Laws and Journalls of Assembly; but will not omitt to transmitt them by the first man of warr, which this country has long uneasily expected, etc. Signed, Jo. Seymour. Endorsed, Recd. 8th, Read 10th Nov., 1707. 2½ pp. Enclosed,
1101. i. (a) Humble Address of the Peaceable People called Quakers given forth at their monthly meeting at West River ye 11th day of ye fifth month, 1707. Wee utterly disown the hidden author of the libel referred to in preceding, and the confederates of Clark etc. Signed, Richd. Johns, Richd. Harrison, Samuel Chew, Neh. Birkhead, Saml. Galloway, M. Moore. On back,
(b) Minute of Council of Maryland, July 16, 1707. H.E. received the above Address very kindly, and declared with the Board that they had observ'd the society of people called Quakers to be very peaceable and quiett and well affected to H.M. Government, especially since H.M. accession to the throne, etc. Endorsed as preceding. Copy. 1½ pp.
1101. ii. Copy of an Act of Carolina, to encourage the settlement of the country. Same endorsement. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 716. Nos. 32, 32.i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 5,726. pp. 489–492.]
[Aug. 27.]1102. West India Merchants to H.R.H. the Lord High Admiral. Support Mr. Crabb's Memorial (of Aug. 4), and testify to the unspeakable damages H.M. Islands and trade have suffered by the Martineco privateers. The provisions they intercept enable the French to recruit their men of war in their passage to New Spayne. The trade in negros from Africa also suffers. Next to reducing Martinique the most effectual means to restore trade will be to suppress their privateers and that the men of war proposed in Mr. Crabb's Memorial be constant cruisers etc. 27 signatures, including those of the Directors of the Royal African Company. Endorsed, Recd. Read Aug. 27, 1707. 1 p. [152, 7. No. 26.]
Aug. 27.1103. Mr. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to June 13. I am of opinion that the recognizances do fully answer the intent of H.M. Order. H.M. approbation of either of the Acts [of New York referred to, concerning Bayard and Hutchins] would be sufficient for the purposes therein contained; But in regard the last was not pursuant to H.M. Order in Council, no clause of indemnification being contain'd in that Act, as was directed, I conceive the first of the Acts most proper to be recommended by your Lopps. for H.M. gracious approbation. Signed, Sim. Harcourt. Endorsed, Recd. Sept. 12, Read Oct. 31, 1707. 1 p. Enclosed,
1103. i.–x. Duplicates of Mr. Popple's letter of June 13, and papers relating to the annulling of the proceedings against Col. Bayard and Alderman Hutchins, 1704–1706. 17 pp. [C.O. 5, 1049. Nos. 41, 41.i.–x.; and (without enclosures) 5, 1121. pp. 104, 105.]
Aug. 29.
1104. W. Popple, jr., to Mr. Hyde. I enclose extract of Governor Seymour's letter, June 10, 1707, relating to the great want of cloaths in Maryland, and desire you will communicate the same to the Gentlemen trading thither, and let me know what supply of cloaths has been lately sent thither, or is now about sending. [C.O. 5, 726. p. 467.]
Aug. 29.
1105. Same to Mr. Perry, to same effect. [C.O. 5, 1362. pp. 259, 260.]
Aug. 29.
1106. Same to Mr. Burchett. Encloses extracts of letters, from Governor Seymour, June 10, and Col. Jenings, June 26, relating to two French privateers off the Capes and the want of guardships etc., to be laid before H.R.H. The Council of Trade and Plantations desire to be informed of the number and quality of the ships of war ordered to attend each Plantation in America, as was done by you Sept. 3, 1702. [C.O. 5, 726. p. 468.]
Aug. 29.
1107. Same to Wm. Lowndes. Encloses extract of letter from Governor Seymour, June 10, relating to the salaries of Mr. Plater and Mr. Muschamp, to be laid before the Lord High Treasurer. [C.O. 5, 726. p. 469.]
Aug. 29.
1108. Governor Handasyd to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letters of May 9 and March 11. As to the present state of the Government of Jamaica. The number of the Militia is decreased considerably since the last year with sickness and other accidents, to very near betwixt five and six hundred men. The number they then consisted of, I sent to your Board Aprill 1, 1706, to which I must now refer your Lops., lest, if I should send another, it should fall into the enemy's hands. H.M. Regiment under my command is better than 500 strong, but wants 330 odd recruits to compleat it according to the establishment. The number of the slaves is supposed to be 50,000. I enclose a list of the Councellors' names according to seniority, and must recommend to your Lops., in the room of Coll. Sadler deceased, Mr. William Brodrick, who has been formerly in the Councill and was Attorney Genll. here, but going to England the vacancy was supply'd. I likewise prefer to your Lops. Capt. Francis Oldfield in the place of Coll. Henry Lowe, in case he has not the Queen's leave to be absent, he having been these three years from the Island. As to illegall trade, here has been a sloop seized on by Commadore Kerr, who sent his boat out to seize her, altho the Navall Officer and myselfe sent round by land to seize her. She has been condemned in the Admiralty Office according to Law, and the dividends are made as the Act directs; the value of her and the small cargoe in her was betwixt 700l. and 800l. Jamaica mony; this, I hope, will be a caution to others not to do the like, and all care has been and shall be taken by me to prevent any such practices. All sloops and other vessells that trade here are either English bottoms or built in some of H.M. Colonies. The Act for the Union shall be proclaimed in good fform according to your Lops.' command; and H.M. additionall Instructions shall be minuted in the Councill Books, as soon as I can get the Councill together, which will be immediatly after the Fleet sails, and I am informed the Commadore intends to sail to Blewfields, the Leewardmost part of this Island, to wood and water in a day or two. I am now to acquaint your Lops. of the misfortunes that have lately befallen us, which are such as well to great Britain as this Island, occasioned by the unheard of methods and unwarrantable proceedings of Mr. William Kerr, Commadore of H.M. squadron here, both to the Captains and other Gentlemen under his command, and to the merchants and trading people of this Island, to whom he has refused granting convoys for their vessells, tho his ships, since his being in these parts, have done little else but lain in Harbour, both to the destruction of his men by sickness, and the ruine of the Spanish trade, which if he had taken my advice in, and sent two ships constantly out upon the coast, he would have ruined the trade of the French, and been a great protection and encouragement to ours; but on the contrary, being a man that is above all advice, having an extraordinary opinion of his own merits and qualifications, he has been the means of our loosing, within this month, the value of 100,000l. sterling, 40,000 pds. of which was lost in one sloop in ready mony. Three other sloops of considerable value were taken by small privateers out of Martineco, and two more have narrowly escaped them. It never has been my inclination to make complaints where there has not been abundance of reason, but what methods have been taken by the merchants to oblige Mr. Kerr to grant them a convoy, they having offered him six and eight hundred pds. at a time as a gratuity, which has been refused because a summ not large enough, will be made plainly appear, and severall other of his transactions, by Mr. Thomas Wood, a merchant here, who has been a great sufferer by him, and is going home to represent matters in their true colours, on the behalfe of the merchants in generall, as well as himself. Mr. Wood is a gentleman whose behaviour has been so handsome, since his coming here, and has used all endeavours to promote the manufactory of great Britain, obliges me to recommend him to your Lops. as a person worthy your ffavour in this matter. Mr. Kerr's threatnings to oblige men to swear what he pleased, shewing them his main-yard arm, and telling them what power and authority he had: his turning out his Captain without triall: his keeping another Captain in confinement for these three months past on board the Fireship, altho application has been made to him both by Mr. Wager and myselfe to bring the gentleman to a triall, and the gentleman himselfe severall times requesting by letters that he would be pleased either to clear him or bring him to a triall: his treatment to his Officers, calling them rogue and villain at every word, being his constant language to them; all these proceedings are a mighty discouragement to H.M. subjects, as well as to her service. The remaining reasons I have to complain of him myselfe, I shall leave till another opportunity, it being my opinion he ought rather to be pittyed than envied, since his behaviour has been so intollerable. I have advice that the galleons will sail from Carthagene in a month or six weeks, but whither I can't learn or under what convoy.
P.S.—As to the encloseing of letters in your Lops.' packett, I must confess I took the liberty to enclose those relating to my own private affairs, but for the future shall let them take the chance of the publick Bagg. Signed, Tho. Handasyd. Endorsed, Recd. 25th, Read 27th Oct., 1707. 5 pp. Enclosed,
1108. i. List of the present Councill of Jamaica, Aug. 27, 1707. Peter Beckford, Peter Heywood, Henry Lowe (in England), Charles Chaplin, Thomas Clarke, Francys Rose, Richard Thompson, Charles Long (in England), Edmund Edlyne, John Ascough, John Stewart. Same endorsement. ¾ p. [C.O. 137, 7. Nos. 60, 60.i.; and 138, 12. pp. 147–154.]
Aug. 30.
Falkland, St. Johns Harbour.
1109. Capt. Underdown to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I take this opportunity to acquaint your Lordship that haveing recd. advise that the enemy had several ships fishing to the Northward in severall harbours there, and that they might be easily burnt or taken, upon which advice the commanders of ships, merchants and inhabitants of St. Johns petitioned that we would saile in order to attack them, and destroy their fishery, which they were of opinion would be of great encouragement to ours, on July 26 I sail'd from St. Johns, with H.M.S. Nonsuch, with Major Lloyd with 20 of his soldiers on board me, and 20 more on board the Nonsuch, it being his own desire and request, for the good of the service and agreed too by a generall opinion. On the 27th we came before Bonavist, where I gave Capt. Hughs orders to saile in company with me, there being no appearance of an enemy there. On Aug. 2 in the eavening we stood into the Bay of Blanch till came off Flowr de Leus [=Fleur de Lys] Harbour, I sent in my pinnace with Major Loyd and my Lieut. with the Nonsuch pinnace to look into the harbour, and see if there were any of the enemy fishing there, which they did, but found none, onely some old stages and other necessarys relateing to the fisherry, they having been us'd to ffish there. About 4 the next morning we stood away for Grand Cannerie, about 6 we came about the Cape, where saw a ship which after fireing some few shott at her, which were return'd, she struck, we sent our boats on board and found her to be of St. Mallo, about 360 tuns, 30 guns and 110 men, cal'd the Duke D'Orleans, and in another arm of the Bay cal'd Eguliett was another ship, but the place being rocky and shoal water, myselfe nor Nonsuch could not come nere her, whereupon ordered the Midway's prize to goe as close in as she could with safety, which she did within halfe gun shott, and at the same time, Capt. Carlton, Major Loyd, with my Lieut. with our boats well man'd and arm'd, to land upon an Island which she lay under, which being done after haveing fired severall broad sides and not being able longer to keep the deck for our men from the shore, struck; she was a ship of about 20 guns and 80 men, belong'd to St. Mallo, but being inform'd by the enemy, that about 3 leagues to the Northward in Lacouch, there were two ships, one of 32 guns and the other of 26, both of St. Mallo, I gave Capt. Hughs directions to set her on fire, and afterwards to joyn me at Lacouch, myselfe and the Nonsuch makeing the best of our way their, the 5th in the afternoon we came into Lacouch where found the two ships in a readiness for sailing; they fired some broad sides at us, but as soon as we began to return it, they sett their ships on fire and left them, going over to the next Harbour cal'd Carrouse, which by land was not above halfe a mile, in which we recd. intelligence there was 4 ships. We immediatly weigh'd and stood for the Harbour, and about 8 o'c. at night was joyned by the Midway's prize, but proving very little wind at South by West, and difficult getting out, it was about 8 the next morning before we gott of the Harbour's mouth; I sent in my boat, but found they had all got out to sea, haveing by the advantage of little wind and the great number of men and boats, cutt and tow'd out. We stood to the Northward, saw severall ships, and gave chase to them, but proving light winds, could not come up with them; about 5 in the afternoone came off the Harbour of St. Julians, where saw a ship, and having lost sight of the other ships, stood in for that Harbour, and came to an anchor in 26 fathom water; the place where the ship was haul'd in, being very narrow and shoal, I ordered the Midway's prize to go as nere in as possible she could, she fired two guns, but it was our opinion not to attacque her till morning, being Aug. 6th, at 4 a clock Capt. Carlton, Major Loyd and Lieut. Eagle went in with all our boats well man'd and arm'd, and landed, and soon drove the enemy from their post, who were likewise landed. We took their boats and went on board the ship, where found they had laid severall trains of powder to burn or below her up, which we timely discover'd, and by noon tow'd her out to sea, but finding our pilots not acquainted nor careing to go further to the Norward, it was our opinion to sail back to Carrouse, and there remain till the Duke D'Orleans prize at Grand Cannerie joyn'd us, who we left there with a Lieut. and 60 men to gett her ready for the sea; but in our way to Corrouse to look into Pette Matre, a harbour where the French generally make up their Fleet, which we did, destroying their boats, fish-stages etc., about 7 at night we came to an anchor in Carrouse Harbour and moor'd; the 12th and 13th it blew a hard gaile at South West, haveing destroy'd their fishery there, the Duke D'Orleans prize being come to Lacouch on the 14th, by 4 in the morning weigh'd and stood out to sea, take[ing] her with us, and arrived Aug. 17 at St. Johns haveing before given the Midway's prize orders to make the best of her way to Trinity, etc. Refers to enclosures. Signed, Jon. Underdown. Endorsed, Recd. 25th, Read 31st Oct., 1707. 2¾ pp Enclosed,
1109. i. Account of the damage done to the French Fishery by the expedition referred to in preceding. 7 ships taken, 3 ships burnt, and 470 spare boats destroyed Details. Signed, Jon. Underdown, Tho. Lloyd, Jno Carleton. Same endorsement. 1 p.
1109. ii. Survey of provisions in the Fort at St. Johns, June 28 1707. Signed, James Grigg, Jno. White, Geo. Bishopp Same endorsement. 1½ pp. [C.O. 194, 4. Nos. 29 29.i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 195, 4. pp. 384–388.