America and West Indies
November 1707, 17-30

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1916

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602-614

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'America and West Indies: November 1707, 17-30', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 23: 1706-1708 (1916), pp. 602-614. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73751 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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November 1707, 17-30

Nov. 17.1199. Jamaica Merchants to the Council of Trade and Plantations. On encouragement of the countenance and protection from H.M. we did the last year cause very great quantitys of woollen manufactures to be ship't for Jamaica, thence to be exported to the Spanish West Indies to a much greater value then ever was before exported in one year for that trade. Pursuant to that encouragement we received here, we advised our Agents abroad to make proper application there for ships of warr to cruize on ye Spanish coast, and more perticularly for one to convoy our sloops thither, but Commodore William Kerr, after many trifling promises, at last refused to send any, tho 600l. was offered as a gratuity, but 1,500l. was demanded, wch. the traders not being able to give, four sloops richly loaden with woollen and other valuable goods went out without any protection, tho the ships of warr there lay uselesse at anchor, of which four sloops three were taken by the enemy, and ye fourth after having traded and gott aboard 176,000 peices of eight was engaged and chased by two privateers, and his yards being chained, was oversett in a gust of wind and thereby 53 men and all that treasure lost. These and ye like losses occasioned by the want of our promised and expected protection have rendred us unable to make the like exports for that trade this year, wch. if had meet with due encouragemt. would doubtlesse have bin doubled. We confesse on delivery of a letter to Commodore Wm. Kerr from H.R.H. he did afterwards send out the Experiment man of warr to convoy three sloops, but this not without the reward of 800l. which was paid him, too heavy a charge for that trade to bear under soe many other discouragements, to the encreasing all those Commodore Kerr has much contributed by seizing a sloop newly returned from that trade on frivilous pretences, and keeping her in custody above 20 days, and then redelivered her, to the great damage of the concerned, as well as fright'ning others from the same trade. These are some few of the many hardships wee have laboured under in endeavouring to retrive that valuable trade, which if duly taken care of had before now brought a vast treasure to this nation, and is capable of being very much enlarged every year. Signed, Benj. Way, Wm. Wood, and 6 others. Endorsed, Recd. Read Nov. 17, 1707. 2 pp. [C.O. 137, 7. No. 64; and 138, 12. pp. 167–169.]
Nov. 18.
St. Xtophers.
1200. Mr. Estwick to Mr. Popple. After a very dangerous as well as long passage I got safe here the 17th inst. and waited on Lt. Gov. Lambert. The necessary orders are given for the Commissioners to meet at the Old Road Town on Monday next etc. It is with great concern I am to mention to you the extreem misery of the inhabitants of the Leeward Islands, by the French invasion, and since by a terrible Hurricane, that has not left any fruit, or hardly a green leaf on the Island, not a house or a mill is standing without great damage; besides wch. H.M.S. Winchelsea and Child's Play were at the same time both lost, the last lies now off Palmetto Point, near this place, her men and gunns sav'd, but the hull torn in pieces; The Governour is saving the gunns for to mount on some batteries wch. want them here; This sad hurricane was on Aug. 29, and is indeed a greater calamity than the invasion by the French, etc. The Islands in generall are tollerably healthy having only a small aguish distemper among them, since the hurricane, of wch. few or none die; the most considerable persons lately dead are President Burt of Nevis, and Jno. Hackshaw, one of the Gentlemen nam'd in the Commission for this Island; Col. Burt is not much lamented, his indifferent behaviour when the French visited that Island being still remembred against him; there being no minister on that Island nor has been for some time, he was buried as all others there are, wthout. any ceremony over their grave, etc. P.S.—St. Thomas's has, if possible, suffer'd more by the Hurricane than these Islands, Saba and Statia (Dutch Islands) equall with these; Curacao has felt a little; Guardalupa has likewise suffer'd; Martinique not at all; what other Islands have done, as yet I've not learn'd, but where it has come, it has destroy'd everything to that degree that many good Familyes have not had bread, other than potatoes and cassadoe to eat for many days; all sorts of provisions are upon this occasion at greater rates than ever. I left Mr. Rhodes well at Nevis. Signed, N. Estwick. Endorsed, Recd. Jan. 23, Read Feb. 12, 1707/8. 4 pp. [C.O. 152, 7. No. 36; and 153, 10. pp. 120–123.]
Nov. 18.
Antigua.
1201. Governor Parke to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Since the pacquet sayled I had occasion to send up a Flagg of Truce to Martinique with some prisoners taken by a privateer (for I have noe man of warr attending my Government). Before the Gentleman I sent up could gett his dispatch and the prisoners they were to send me, arrived Monsieur Du Cass, which was on the 11th inst. with 10 men of warr (8 of which are from 70 to 86 gunns), and severall large privateers. They were all very full of men. They have boates that rowe with 36 oares; and at Martinique they have fitted up severall large flatt bottom boates for landing men. The Gentleman and those that belonged to my Flagg of Truce were ordered to go on board their sloop, which they did and in the night came away, and brought me the news, but meeting with calms it was the 16th at night before I had the news. The Gentleman tells me, he saw M. Du Cass, and knows him. And was told (before he was ordered off) there was 18 men of warr more expected, and that they designed to attack Barbadoes. Monsieur Collet, then Intendant at Martinique, went on board a fourty gun ship, and sayled, as he believes, to Tobago to give an account of the 18 men of warr that are to renvour there. Since I had the news, our privateer took four more French prisoners that came out of Martinique before the arrivall of Du Cass. They told us (without being told of Du Cass's arrivall) they expected M. Du Cass with 30 men of warr and forces to attack Barbadoes. I presently hired a sloop to give them notice at Barbadoes, but as she was going out the Greenwich appeared, that belongs to Barbadoes, which made me stopp the sloop, and sent my letters to the Captain of the Greenwich, who has promised to carry them directly to Barbadoes. I have hired another sloop (for which I am to pay myself 100l. sterl. except the Assembly of Jamaica, or the Queen will pay it), to carry the same to Jamaica, by whom I have sent this, in hopes to find the pacquett not sayled. I have ordered the Master to putt a letter on shoare at Curassaw, to informe the Governor. I have sent to each Island in my Government to putt themselves in the best posture they are able. This being the windermost, best and richest Island, 'tis most likely they will attack this first. I am very busy in preparing to receive them. God send us well ridd of them, for wee are but in an ill condition to receive them. The Regiment sent me wants near 200 men of its complement, the men new raised, and not disciplined, great part wants armes. They expected, it seems, to find them here to receive them from those of Col. Wetham's, but the officers of that Regiment tooke care they should be mistaken. So that if the Queen had not sent armes for the inhabitants, great part of which I was forced to distribute to the soldiers, or they must have been without armes. Col. Lillingston and severall of his officers are taking their pleasure in London. I have but one Captain here that has ever seen any service, and very few of the Lieutenants or Ensignes. The recruits sent over are either old men or boyes fitt for nothing. Some so bad, the officers were so ashamed of as to discharge, and being not fitt for labour, are actually begging. The greatest service I expect is from the planters, they are good men, but there are but few of them. I am riteing up the walls at Monk's Hill thrown down by the Hurricane. The good news of the Duke of Savoy's being in France made the Islanders believe they should hear of noe more French Fleets in this part of the world. All my Rhetorick could not perswade them to be at the charge untill this allarme. I am allso fortifying a Camp, and running a line about our Towne. I will do what I can, and though I cannot work miracles, I hope I shall do my duty. I have noebody to assist me, noe ingineer. All my hopes is, they will attack Barbadoes first, and that they will loose so many men there, and their men so disheartened by their being beaten from thence, that I may deal with them when they come here. P.S.—I begg leave to putt your Lordships in mind of my request in my two last letters. I hope your Lordships will get me some consolation for all my fatigue, and loss by the Hurricane. Signed, Daniel Parke. Endorsed, Recd. 23rd, Read 26th Jan., 1707/8. 8 pp. [C.O. 152, 7. No. 33; and 153, 10. pp. 105–109.]
Nov. 19.
Whitehall.
1202. Council of Trade and Plantations to the House of Commons. Report upon the State and Trade of the Plantations, as ordered Nov. 14. [C.O. 389, 19. pp. 181–298.]
Nov. 20.
Kensington.
1203. Circular letter to H.M. Governors of Plantations. Members of Council persisting in absenting themselves are to be suspended till H.M. further pleasure be known etc. (as Oct. 23). Countersigned, Sunderland. [C.O. 5, 210. pp. 70–72; and 319, 1. pp. 169, 170.]
Nov. 20.1204. Order of House of Lords. The Council of Trade and Plantations are to lay before the Committee appointed to consider the petition of Jamaica merchants, the account given them by Mr. Wood [see Nov. 17]. Signed, Math. Johnson, Cler. Parliament. Endorsed, Recd. Read Nov. 21, 1707. ½ p. [C.O. 137, 7. No. 65; and 138, 12. p. 170.]
Nov. 21.
Whitehall.
1205. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Committee of the House of Lords. Reply to preceding. Quote Governor Handasyd, Aug. 29, and Mr. Burchett, Oct. 27, and interview with Jamaica Merchants as given B. of T. Journal, Nov. 7, 1707, q.v., and their Memorial, Nov. 17. Concludes::—The said Merchants added in discourse that they were in dayly expectation of a Representation from the whole Island, which would be more particular in relation to the said Commodore Kerr's behaviour than anything yet offered on that subject. [C.O. 138, 12. pp. 171–179.]
Nov. 21.
Custome-house, London.
1206. Mr. Savage to Mr. Popple, jr. Desires copies of Report to House of Commons (Nov. 19.) and report to the Council Board about a year since, touching Newfoundland Trade. [C.O. 389, 19. pp. 310, 311.]
Nov. 24.
Whitehall.
1207. Mr. Popple to Mr. Savage. Reply to preceding. The Report referred to is very large and the Clerks in this Office wholy taken up with business that requires dispatch. Proposes that he send a clerk to copy etc. [C.O. 389, 19. pp. 311, 312.]
Nov. 25.1208. Sir Tho. Day to Mr. Popple. Encloses following to be forwarded to the Governor of Bermuda etc. Signed, Tho. Day. Endorsed, Recd. Read Nov. 28, 1707. Holograph. Addressed. Sealed. ¼ p. Enclosed,
1208. i. Lord High Treasurer to Lt. Governor Bennett. You are to inform me of the whole business concerning the house said to have been built by Samuel Day on a piece of waste ground in Bermudas, while Lt. Governor there, and whether you have any objection to H.M. granting to his father, Sir Tho. Day, her title to that ground. In the meantime, all proceedings are to be stayed etc. Whitehall, July 31st. Signed, Godolphin. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 37, 8. Nos. 42, 42.i.]
Nov. 27.
Whitehall.
1209. Council of Trade and Plantations to the House of Lords. Report upon Trade, as ordered Nov. 12. [C.O. 389, 19. pp. 319–528.]
Nov. 28.
Whitehall.
1210. W. Popple, Jr., to Lt. Governor Bennett. Encloses letter from the Lord High Treasurer [Nov. 25], and requests a copy of his reply etc. [C.O. 38, 6. pp. 316, 317.]
Nov. 28.
Falkland, in Plymouth.
1211. Commodore Underdown to the Council of Trade and Plantations. We this day arriv'd [from Newfoundland] wth. 21 sayle of ye Trade, have been wanting from ye land 36 days. Signed, Jon. Underdown. Endorsed, Recd. 1st, Read 30th Dec., 1707. Addressed. "On Her Maj. Service." 1 p. Enclosed,
1211. i. Reply to Enquiries relating to the trade and fishery of Newfoundland, 1707. [See No. 771.i] (iii) There remain this winter masters 176, women 164, children 284, servants 990, which is considerable less than was last winter; several of ye principal inhabitants being come over this fall to England. Their manner of liveing and trade is wholly by ye Fishery, they having no other employment, except at Bonavist, where in the winter they go a furring; they catch there fish in shallops of 3 men to a boat, wch. they build in ye spring, and in ye winter employ themselves in fetching of wood. (iv) It is, and has always been ye practice of fishingships and the inhabitants, to rind ye trees for covering of their stages, cook-rooms, and dwelling-houses, and to cut down wood for the same, nor have I observ'd this year that any trees have been rinded, or woods cut down, more than for their necessary uses. (v) Upon my arrival this year, the Inhabitants made several complaints to me of ye fishing-ships takeing from them their roomes, which were theirs before 1685, whereupon I appointed ye Admirall of the Harbour and several Masters of ships and ancient Inhabitants to survey the Harbour, and found ye Planters' complaint to be frivolous, and that themselves had engrossed several roomes, wch. were made plainly appear to belong to fishing-ships, whom I put in possession of ye same. (vi) It has appear'd to me this year that ye Inhabitants kept possession of some stages built upon fishing ships' roomes, wch. ye fishing ships upon their arrival were put in possession of. (vii) The fishing ships and byboatkeepers do (by the best inquiry I could make) bring with them their due proportion of fresh or green men; and what men the inhabitants keep are generally such, but few or no fishing ships produce any such certificates as required. (viii) I have had no complaint of this kind, nor do hear that such abuse has at any time been commited. (ix) I do not find that there has been any abuse in this particular, but that on the contrary they are very careful not to give any annoyance or hindrance to each other. (x) I do not find that the ships frequenting Newfoundland do, during their stay there, or at their departure, comitt any spoil upon the stages, cook rooms, etc., but the inhabitants are guilty of burning the flakes in the winter for firewood, for upon my arrival this spring, there was not a flake of last year's standing, and a great many of the stages were destroy'd, wch. upon enquiry the inhabitants did aleadge were, upon the breaking up the ice thrown down, and carry'd away, wch. I am well inform'd is often done, tho they are frequently guilty of destroying and pulling them down themselves, but not so much as formerly, having been frequently check't for the same, so that the fishing ships upon their arrival are wholly taken up in building their stages, flakes, etc., to their great hindrance and loss of time, which I take to be a great detriment to the fishery, and ought by some means to be restrained. (xi) There has been no complaint to me, nor did I hear of any abuse relateing to this head. (xii) The Admirals, Vice Admirals etc., of the Harbours are very negligent in putting in execution the rules and orders of the Act, and I am of the opinion that few or none of them do keep any journal or account of the number of ships, boats, etc., except when called upon to give in the said accounts to the Commander in Chief. (xiii) The Admirals of the Harbours do determine such differences as are brought before them, and the parties when aggreived by their determination, do appeal to ye Commanders of H.M. ships of warr for a finall determination. (xiv) No abuse of this kind has been committed in any Harbour this year, haveing taken care to give the necessary directions for preventing the same. (xv) The Lord's Day is strictly and decently observed, haveing upon my first arrival this year given directions to all ye Publick Houses not to entertain any seamen or fishermen on that day, and constantly sending an officer about the Harbour, to see ye same observed. (xvi) None in the places belonging to Great Britain. (xviii) No abuse of this kind has come to my knowledge, their interest obligeing them to the well salting, cureing and ordering their fish, for the better sale thereof. (xix) There is no complaint of this kind, but all possible care is taken to lay their offal in such places in or near the water, as to give no annoyance. (xx) The sustenance they receive from the country is very inconsiderable, nor do I learn that the furring trade is carried on anywhere but by the inhabitants at Bonavist, who I beleive are now much discouraged, being met with last winter by ye enemy, who distroy'd and cary'd most of them off to Placentia. (xxi) They have their provissions from England and Ireland, but mostly from New England, their salt from Portugal, and all other necessarys, as cloath, netts, tackle, etc., relateing to their fishery, from Great Britain and Ireland. (xxii) No wine, nor brandy, is brought thither from New England, but great quantity of rum, with which ye Fishermen who are servants do debauch themselves, they buying it from their masters at high rates, especially in the winter; whereby they generally run out the greatest part of their yeare's wages, wch. is considerable, from 20l. to 25l. a year, which in a great measure is the reason that they still remain servants. (xxiii) The ships from Portugal generally bring wine, oyle, linnen cloath, and great quantitys of salt, which is all the European comodities brought thither except from Great Britain and Ireland. (xxiv) Those comodities this year have been wholly dispos'd of to the fishermen, seamen and inhabitants, I haveing taken all possible care that no trade should be driven by selling any of those comodities to the ships belonging to New England, or any other Plantations. (xxv) There is rum, molosses and sugar in great quantitys, and tobaccoe brought thither from the West Indies, and New England this year, which I beleive is wholly expended in the Country, for I could not learn that any was ship'd off for Spain, Portugall or any other Forreign parts. (xxvi) The number of inhabitants' boats are 217, the men employ'd in the boats and fishery, 1170, the fish taken by them this year is 60,712 quintals of dry fish, the rates of fish both of the inhabitants and those from England, is generally the same. (xxvii) The number of fishing ships in the country this year is 70, the boats employ'd by them is 196, there burthen from 60 to 300 tuns, mann'd from 12 to 40 men; the fish taken by them this year is 49,570 quintals of dry fish; they catch their fish in the same manner as the inhabitants; the charge of catching and curing their fish is as follows:—the charge of one boat, sails, masts, etc., fishing tackle, six men's wages, and victuals, and all other charges, salt excepted, is 176l. 0s., one hhd. of salt will cure 10 quintalls of fish, and is generally sold from 1 to 2 quintales per hhd. (xxviii) The value of fish this year has been from 29 to 32 ryals per quintal, and oyle at 16l. per tunn, the fish is carayed generally to Portugall, Leghorne and to those parts of Spain with whom we have commerce, and ye refuse which is always sold at half price to the West Indies, the oyle for Great Britain. (xxix) There has been in the Country this year 30 sack-ships, laden wth. dry fish, and bound to the marketts aforesaid. (xxx) I do not find that any men are encouraged to stay behind by the Masters of the ships, nor have I had any complaint this year that any do stay behind. (xxxi) There has been no inhabitants of New England fishing upon the Newfoundland coast this year, except two boats kept by a brigantine at Ferryland, as to ye Fishery on their own coast I have not been inform'd of. (xxxii) The French about Placentia have great plenty of furrs, but (as I am informed) are not so industrious as the English, in catching them. The management of their fishery at Placentia and the neighbouring harbours is carry'd on by fishing-ships, sack-ships, by boats and Planters, as ours is. The number of the ships there, according to ye best information I could gain this year was about 60, from 6 to 24 guns; who kept 540 boats. The manner of their fishing the same with our own; their boats they bring from France with them. But their fishery to ye No'ward is very great, their harbours many and very comodious for the fishing trade; myself having been this year on an expedition in those parts, and in several of their harbours, of wch. I have already acquainted your Lordships at large. Their fishery there is carry'd on by fishing-ships and sack-ships; their being no inhabitants. State of the French fishery in those parts annexed, by Masters of ships, whom I took prisoners. (xxxiii) The number of inhabitants at Great and Little Placentia, residing last winter was about 400, and as for the other parts thereabouts, I could get no information. They have no dependance upon ye produce of the country, nor follow any husbandry, but they rely wholly upon what is brought them from Europe. (xxxiv) I cannot inform myself that they are of any other use than for the better security of their fishery; they imploy themselves in the winter in disturbing of our settlements. (xxxv) I cannot get any true account of what fish is taken by them, nor of the price at Placentia, but as to the charge of catching and curing tis something less than ours, ye men's wages being less and living harder; but as to their fishery to the No'ward you will observe the quantity of fish that they have taken by the foregoing scheme; and their wages in general about 200 livres a man for the voyage. (xxxvi) They come to Placentia and ye adjacent parts sooner than we, and depart sooner; but to the No'ward they seldome arrive till the latter end of May, and compleat their fishing there in six weeks or two months' time, and consequently get a great deal sooner to their marketts, as France, Spain and Italy. (xxxvii) The French fishery does to all appearance yearly encrease, which I can impute to nothing but the good and comodious places they have for fishing, especially to the No'ward, where they never have been disturbed before this year, but in what proportion can give no account. (xxxviii) They have no places of strength except at Placentia, where they have two forts, one at the entrance of the harbour close by the waterside, of 36 guns, another on the top of ye hill, of 15 guns; they have three companies of foot soldiers of 50 in a Company; their ammunition and victuals yearly from France in store ships and sometimes victuals from Canada. (xxxix) By reduceing the country, which in time will prove difficult, they being this summer building a wall round the lower fort, 11 ft. thick. (xl) There are no foreigners fish on the coast. (xli) A great many French ships yearly fish upon the Banks, mann'd from 18 to 30 men, but of no force; of their trade from ye coast of Canada I can get no account. (xlii) None, besides the French, and a few Biscayers. Answer to Additional Instructions. The inhabitants in general have not that due regard to the several regulations, more particularly that of pulling down and destroying their stages, flakes, etc., which are generally destroyed after the ships are sail'd out of the country, nor can I conceive how the same may be prevented, there being no penalty by ye Act on the ofenders, nor any person appointed to take cognizance of ye same. They are not guilty of rinding ye trees as formerly, making use of no more than for their necessary uses as stages, cook-rooms etc. The Admirals are remiss in keeping their Journals, etc. as above, and Masters of ships very negligent in bringing their certificates, as directed, from England. And my opinion is that to oblige them to a due performance of the same, ye former should be excluded the priviledges they enjoy by the Act for their encouragement, and the latter to be excluded ye fishery. The vessels from New England do bring provissions to the country and quantitys of live cattle early in the spring, wch. is all the supply of that nature they receive, and I humbly conceive that it is rather an encouragement than an abuse to the trade, they being sometimes in ye spring in great want. I do not find now that ye New England traders do make it their bussiness (as I have been inform'd they have formerly done) to remain in the country after the men of warr are sail'd, except such as arrive late in the fall, whose bussiness obliges them to stay longer. I caused them to make oath before me, that they should carry with them no handicraftmen or seamen, which they brought not into the country; wch. has in a great measure put a stopp to that abuse. Nor do I find that Masters of ships have left any of their men behind this year. European comodities are brought thither from Portugal, as wines, oyle, brandy and linnen cloth. But I have not observed this year that any great quantitys have been brought to create any considerable illegal trade, nor can I conceive how the same may be restrained except by a proper officer appointed to inspect and regulate the same. And under this head lyes the greatest abuse of the trade of this land, as I informed your Lordships last year. 40 pp.
1211. ii. State of the French Fishery in the North parts of Newfoundland, 1707. 21 ships. Details of catch and tunnage; bound chiefly to Marseilles. 1 p.
1211. iii. Account of the Trade and Fishery of Newfoundland, 1707.
Totals.
Fishing ships70116
Ships from America16
Sack ships30
Men belonging to the ships2052
Fishing ships' boats196453
Inhabitants' boats217
By-boats40
Men belonging to the boats2513
Fish made by fishing ships' boats49570quintals
120682
Fish made by inhabitants' boats60712
Fish made by by-boats10400
Salmon taken163
Fish carried to market120682
Train made by fishing ships827hogheads
1970
Train made by inhabitants' boats946
Train made by by-boats197
Stages212
1 p. The whole endorsed as letter.
1211. iv. Survey of the provisions at St. Johns, June 28, 1707. Endorsed as preceding. 1½ pp.
1211. v. Survey of the Stores of War at St. Johns, Oct. 7, 1707. Same endorsement. 2 pp.
1211. vi. Muster–Roll of the Garrison at St. Johns, July 25, 1707. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 4. Nos. 35, 35.i.–vi.; and (enclosures i.–iii. only) 195, 4. pp. 395–424.]
Nov. 28.
Whitehall.
1212. W. Popple, jr., to Mr. Savage. The merchants agree with the proposed admeasurement of ships in Virginia [Nov. 12], onely that they insist upon having the ships measured from inside to inside. I am therefore to desire of you, why the Commissioners of Customs propose that they be measured from out to out. The sooner I have your answer, the greater will be the obligation, etc. [C.O. 5, 1362. p. 268.]
Nov. 29.
New York.
1213. Governor Lord Cornbury to the Council of Trade and Plantations. By my letter of Oct. 14, I gave your Lordshipps an account of my voyage to Albany, from whence I returned to this place on the 12th, on the 16th I went to Amboy to meet the Assembly, which stood adjourned to that [day], the next day after, severall of the Members of the Assembly and some of the Gentlemen of the Councill came to towne, but there was not a sufficient number to make a House till the 23rd, at which time I sent for them and acquainted them what I thought was proper for them to proceed upon at that time, withall [telling] them that if anything else occurr'd to their thoughts fit to be provided for by a Law, they should always find me ready to receive anything that might be for the service of the Queen, and the good and welfare of the country, and I carefully avoided taking notice to them of their irregularitys the Sessions before, because I would not give them the least pretence to be illhumour'd, but it seems they were resolved upon that beforehand, for Mr. Morris, and Samuel Jenings, the Speaker, had been very busy during the recesse, which was from May to [Oct.], to perswade severall of the Members of the House not to grant any Revenue, wh[at] effect their indeavours have had, your Lordshipps will perceive by their votes of Oct. 27. Copy enclosed. I did intend to have sent your Lordshipps a copy of their Journall, but the Clerk could not get them ready yet, but I shall certainly send it by the mast fleet, which is to sail from Boston about the middle of January; I don't know that they pretend to complain of any grievances but those contained in a Remonstrance, which they thought fit to give me at their first Sessions at Burlington, to which I made an answer, both which I sent to your Lordshipps, and which I had communicated to the Gentlemen of H.M. Councill, who approved of it, before I gave it to the Assembly, when I put an end to the Sessions in May last, before I dismissed the Councill I desired those Gentlemen to inquire in the severall countys where they dwell, what grievanc[es] (if any) the people complained of, and to let me know them, that if in my power they might be redressed, at our meeting at Amboy in Oct., I asked them if they had inquired according to my desire, they told me they had, and that the only complaint they met with in the Country was, that some Laws were wanting which would [be] of use to the Country, that I have at the begining of every Sessions recomended to the Assembly the passing such Laws will appear by their own Journall, therefore I ho[pe] I shall not be blamed for what is not in my power to remedy. Upon this occasion give me leave to observe, that their refusing to settle a Revenue upon H.M., does not proceed from the want of redresse of grievances soe much as from their own ill natures, for it appears by their own vote, that if all their immaginary grievances were redressed, they would raise a Revenue but for one year, though I had by your Lordshipps' commands demanded it for 21 years. It is very plain to me that as long as H.M. is pleased to allow the Quakers to sit in the Assembly of that Province, noe Revenue will be setled, I can prove by severall good witnesses that severall of the topping Quakers, and perticularly Samuell Jennings, have frequently said that [since] the Queen would have the Gouvernment, she might send a Gouvernor when she pleased, they would keep him poor enough, and indeed they will make their words good, for I have now made three journeys into New Jersey since the Act which granted a Revenue for two y[ears] is expired, and those journeys are generally pretty chargeable. Your Lordshipps were pleased to direct me not to intermedle with the quallifications of the Members of the [Assembly, which] Orders I have punctually observed, but now I am obliged to acquaint your Lordshipps that unlesse some method is prescribed to inquire into the quallifications of Members returned to serve in Generall Assembly, the Queen's Additional Instruction to me will be of noe effect, because as this House is quallified, the Ringleaders among them dont inquire if the other Members are quallified according to the Queen's Instructions, but whether they will join with them in refusing to give a Revenue, if so, then noe matter whether they are quallified according to the Queen's Instructions or not, the Queen is pleased to direct that noe person shall be capable of being chosen and afterwards of sitting as a Member of the Assembly of New Jersey, but such as have 1,000 acres of land in their own right, or are worth 500l.; now to my certain knowledge some have sat these last two Sessions's, who have noe land in New Jersey in their own right, and are not worth near 500l., but because they were zealous in opposing the setling a Revenue. were very good Members, therefore I humbly conceive that it will be necessary that some method may be appointed to inquire into the quallifications of Members to be returned to serve in Generall Assembly in the Province of New Jersey, but this and the method of doing it I humbly submit to your Lordshipps' better judgments. There is one thing more which I beg your directions in, which is this, Mr. Byerley in this Province of New York, and Mr. Moore, a Minister in the Province of New Jersey, have lately set up a notion, that if I send any order from New York into New Jersey relating to the affairs of New Jersey, it is of noe force and ought not to be obeyed because it is given at New York, and soe the like of any order given at New Jersey relating to New York, now if it be H.M. pleasure that it should be soe, I am well satisfied, but give me leave to say it will sometimes interupt businesse; for if I am at Burlington, and the Gentlemen of the Councill of New York sent to me for any directions upon any accident that may happen, I must return into the Province of New York (which is between 50 and 60 miles) to return an answer that may be of force, on the other side if I am at Albany and the Lieut. Gouvernor sends to me upon any occasion in which he has a mind to have directions from me, I must come 150 miles into New Jersey to give an answer that may be of force, and indeed I cannot see what inconveniency can attend the giving orders in one Province, and sending them into another, however I intreat I may have your Lordshipps' directions in this matter, that I may conform myself to them; I have adjourned the Assembly of New Jersey to April 2 next, I will farther adjourn them, unlesse I have the happinesse to hear from your Lordshipps before that time. I have not received one letter from your Lordshipps now near twelve months, I could wish I had directions concerning the Union, which I hear is proclaimed in the West Indies, but I have noe orders yet, which makes me a little uneasy for fear any Scotch vessell should come in, as soon as I receive them they shall be punctually obey'd. P.S.—Just as I was going to seale up this letter, a Gentleman just come from Connecticut informs me that Col. Winthrope is dead, and that the people have chosen Mr. Saltonstall, who was Minister at New London, to be their Gouvernor. Signed, Cornbury. Endorsed, Recd. May 26, Read June 2, 1708. Holograph. Edges rubbed. 2 pp. Enclosed,
1213. i. Resolution of the Assembly of New Jersey, Oct. 27, 1707. This House will not raise any money until H.E. consents to redress ye grievances of ye Country, wch. if he does, then this House has resolved to raise 1,500l. for the support of the Government for one year. Resolved nemine contradicente. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 970. Nos. 52, 52.i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 994A. pp. 407–412.]