America and West Indies
February 1711, 26-28

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1924

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397-401

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'America and West Indies: February 1711, 26-28', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 25: 1710-1711 (1924), pp. 397-401. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73851 Date accessed: 31 August 2014.


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February 1711, 26-28

Feb. 26.
Whitehal.
680. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Recommend Richard Rigby to be appointed to the Council of Jamaica in the room of Richard Thompson (v. Feb. 1, 13 etc.) [C.O. 138, 13. p. 323.]
Feb. 26.
Portsmouth.
681. General Nicholson to [? Lord Dartmouth.] I hope yt. God Almighty will prosper ye Expedicon which her most sacred Majesty with so very great equity and wisdom determined to be undertaken, ye success of which will be for God's glory, and extirpation of ye Roman Catholick Religion, the encrease of ye Church of England, the good and wellfare of H.M. loyall and dutifull subjects in North America; and others who have ye honour and happiness of being H.M. leige people will reap ye benefitt thereby. The royall commands which H.M. hath been pleased to honour me with shall (by the Divine assistance) what in me lyes, be performed etc. I hope in God that Mr. Moor and I have fully settled all things relating to ye Expedicon, he took a great deal of pains in informing me, etc. Your Lordp. was pleased to tell me, that you would speake to Mr. Chanceler of ye Exchequer about what your Lordship writ to him by H.M. command, concerning me. I then told your Lordp. what had been done; that which I am most concerned for is yt. ye Bills of Exchange wch. I drew upon ye late Lord Treasurer, ye present Lords of the Treasury, and Mr. Howe (a particular list of which is left with Mr. Howe, with vouchers etc.) be paid, for if not I fear none in that country will advance money upon the like occasions, which may be of very ill consequence to ye intended Expedicon. I do assure your Lordp. that all care possible was taken both by ye Councill of Warr and myselfe not to put H.M. to more charge then was of absolute necessity for ye good of ye service, altho' there may not be all ye particular papers concerning the said accotts., being impossible to be got all together before I left ye country, the Councill of Warr appointed Mr. John Borland, Merchant in Boston, H.M. Agent for the Expedicon, and he paid the money. As for what particularly concerns myselfe, I don't in the least desire yt. ye money may be payd but when H.M. shall think proper, and then that it may be to my correspondt. Mr. Micajah Perry, by whose accots. wth. me it doth appear, that ye two Expedicons in wch. I was concerned have cost me nigh £1500; but if it had or shall cost me more, I shall be very well sattisfyed if I can do H.M. any service, for I shall freely (God willing) venture my life and what little fortune I have in H.M. service, etc. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. P.S. Recommends that Mr. John Harrison appointed by the Council of War Chaplain to the garrison at Annapolis Royall, be put upon the establishment and paid 10s. per day, "for their Doctor of ye body hath so much and therefore I hope may deserve ye like" etc. F.N. 2½ pp. [C.O. 5, 9. No. 88.]
Feb. 26.
Whitehall.
682. Lord Dartmouth to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Upon the petition of Lord Baltemore, H.M. is pleased to order that his Lordship or his Agents be permitted to take minutes out of such books and papers now before you, as relate to the Plantation of Maryland. Signed, Dartmouth. Endorsed, Recd. Read Feb. 27, 1710/11. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 717. No. 28; and 5, 727. p. 234.]
Feb. 27.
Antigua.
683. Thomas Morris to the Council of Trade and Plantations. As I have the honour of being one of H.M. Councill of this Island, and have been so for some time, in which post I ever discharged the duty of a most faithfull subject, a true lover of my Country, and the incomparable Constitution of an English Government, so I most humbly beg leave to lay before your Lordships the tragical death of Col. Parke, wch. I take to be a very essential part of my duty to H.M.; for I cannot take so bold an action as this is to be any otherwise meant than to herself; since the begining and continuance of his unhappy difference has been occasioned by H.E's. stedfast maintaining H.M. prerogative in all its branches, for which he was barbarously murthered, dying a true son of the Protestant Church as by law established. On Dec. 5 last the Assembly sending in a message relating to the choice of a Clerk, which message not being agreeable to the Generall's formerly to them (wherein he gave the Assembly to understand, that the choice of a Clerk was a branch of the Queen's Prerogative, which he would not part with) the General toare in a very great rage; at which the whole Assembly came to the Councill Chamber with a great number of others, who joyn'd them; the Generall seeing them order'd the Martial to forbid their coming in, which he did; But the Speaker at the head of them forc'd their enterance, aleaging they had business of great moment to communicate to the General and Councill, the Speaker then presented the Generall with a paper, which he called an Address, but the Generall refused to take it, commanding them to withdraw, and repeated the same often, telling them they came in a ryotous manner, their mallice was so great, that they were deaf to all commands, telling him (one and all) he was no longer Generall, and that they would no longer obey him as such. In this storme, some of the Queen's troops to the number of seven or eight, came to one of the doors of the Councill Chamber, by whose order I cannot tell; but do beleive the Generall had notice the day before of the intention of the Assembly, which was to take him and send him off; and to prevent them, those soldiers might be order'd there, or they had certainly compleated their designes; But at the coming of the soldiers, the Assembly thought fit to withdraw, many of them swearing they would take him and send him home in irons, and one M. Drolenvaux being joyned them in the Councill Chamber offer'd the Assembly to goe and take him. After this the Generall adjourned the Assembly to the 7th of the same month, in which time the Assembly raised all the country they could, to the number of 300 men or more; whom they drew up in field called Otto's pasture joyning to the town, and in order march'd into towne, and formed themselves into a body in ye market place before ye Council Chamber, the 7th being the fatal day, the Lt. Governor and more of the Councill that had then met (I was not then come to town) used all the meanes they could to appease the rage of that disorder'd multitude, by sending to the Genl. who was at his dwelling-house, to desire he would pass the dispute of Clerk over, rather than put it to the fatal issue; but the Assembly not onely stood on that, but demanded he would dismiss all the troops and quit the Island, aleaging they would not goe on business for fear of being insulted by the troops. I am told the General did so far condescend as to dismiss all the troops, but a small guard and serjeant, provided they would dismiss their numbers and give him hostage for his further safety, and that the Assembly should meet at Parham (a town distant 7 miles) and should make what Acts they pleased, then sending them to him for sanction; but all this availed nothing; they march'd in two bodys, the one commanded by Capt. Pigott, and the other by Capt. Paynter, both of ye Assembly, Capt. Pigott took a hill which commands the Generall's, called Church-hill; Capt. Painter came up to the North-west of the house, and both parties attack'd him in his house and yard, where the General had drawn in 4 field peices, having notice of their barbarous design a day or two before; at the approach and attack of Pigott's party, the Generall order'd a field-peice planted yt. way to be fired, which did no damage; Capt. Pigott then, I am told, ran down with some of his men and enter'd the Generall's house, where the General and he exchanged a pistoll or two, by one of wch. Pigott was kill'd. Capt. Paynter coming up rushed in at the other door, and firing very sharply, the Genneral retired to his chamber receiving a shott in his left thigh and fell therewith; The barbarous multitude, (for so I must call them) killing and wounding all they met giving little or no quarter to those in the house, and killed many of H.M. troops on their knees begging for quarter, and others who endeavoured to escape from their wroth. 'Tis said that the aforesaid Drolenvaux killed 3 soldiers in cold bloud, as also one Andrew Murray killed many of them very deliberately, they were not satisfyed with wounding and pillaging the Generall, but I am assured some of them drag'd him by his members, and the aforesaid Murray broake his back with the but end of his gun, which the Cherurgions say was the only occasion of his death; for that he would have survived his wound. The bearer hereof, Mr. Michael Ayon is a Gentleman who was then in the house with H.E., being then Provost Marshal, and was barbarously wounded after the surrender of his armes; for whose more particular account I referr your Lordships, for that I did not reach the town till the heat of action was over etc., but the insults of the Assembly on the 5th day I saw, and heard the firing on that fatal 7th day, being then on ye road to town, where I no sooner came but met the Lt. Governor and Councill, the Lt. Governor commanding us to attend him, in order to settle matters as well as possible, and as we were going to the Councill Chamber crossing the market-place (where the Barbarians were met) we were grosely abused by most of them, more particularly by Drolenvaux, Murray, one Jacob Morgan and Henry Smith, the latter crying Kill them all, the Lt. Governor and Councill desiring the Gentlemen of the Assembly to disperse ye crowde, which by their meanes had gott together, least they should doe more mischief, which with much difficulty they did, and with as much difficulty we got leave to bury H.E. in the Church, for at that juncture the Assembly was the Head of Government, none of the Council daring to say a word, and indeed we are but little better still, many of us being daily threaten'd, so that if it should be known I had given [your] Lordships this account, I should not survive it a day, and therefore humbly beg you speedy protection. The Lt. Governor and Councill being obliged to doe something in this matter, have address'd H.M., giving her a brief account of H.E.'s death, but have not said anything of the particulars I here send. To that Address I have put my hand but more for my safety than anything else, tho' we have left everything to the proof of the Assembly, taking all things as they say or informe us, for had we dar'd we would have given H.M. a particular account of all that pass'd, but not being at our liberty, thought fit to leave that to a General Councill and Assembly of the Islands, who are now sitting, and wish they may trace the whole matter so as to make an impartial return of the same to H.M., who I doubt not will make a just resentment, and send some speedy protection to those of her Councill, who are daily threaten'd to share the same fate with H.E., for being just and faithfull to the trust reposed in them. Many of them do not scruple to say they have began, and if H.M. hurts the hair of any of their heads, they will make an end, intimating the Councill and those of the General's friends that are left shall share his fate. I am informed by one Mr. Mathew Bermingham, merchant of this Island, and of unspotted reputation, that he heard some of that party say, if H.M. injured any of them, they wou'd put the sword into other hands, which I doubt not your Lordships will lay before H.M., it being my humble opinion it cannot be taken otherwise, than their resolution to surrender this Island up to the French, which I hope H.M. timely care may prevent. The morning they began this tragedy, whilst they were in the market-place, I am inform'd the Assembly put forth a Proclamation declaring all those who did not joyn them were rebells to their country, and should be banish'd with their familys, and all they had should be confiscated. This I have endeavour'd to get, and am assured 'twill be laid before H.M. (which God grant it may) and sure I am H.M. will make as just a resentment as so base a crime deserves, or ther will be an end of all Government in these parts, and no man that can get bread any other way will venture his life here as Generall, and let whoever come here in that post, unless he brings a good force with him, must truckle to all the demands of an unreasonable Assembly, for they have got all the commanding officers of this Regiment to joyn them, which I hope H.M. will take notice of, and make the worthy Col. Jones know his duty better, as also some officers who disobeyed the Generall's commands that fatal day and left their post. No doubt but the Generall will endeavour to aleviate their base actions, by loading the Generall's memory with all the black crimes that is possible, but the onely thing they can charge him with, to give them any colour for what they have done, is his debauching many of their wives and daughters (which was indeed very dishonouable) but that can be no pretence when rightly considered, for it was not known till after his death, unless one or two, but in rifling his papers some of them met with what I presume gave them more disturbance in their private familyes, than they had before in their pretended zeal for the publick. Signed, Thomas Morris. [C. O. 153, 11. pp. 312–320.]
Feb. 28.
Whitehall.
684. Mr. Popple to William Blathwayt. The Council of Trade and Plantations desire the favour of speaking with you upon the petition of Lord Baltemore (v. Feb. 5), their Lordships not doubting but several things may have come to your knowledge, which may not be entred in the books of the Committee of Councill now in this Office, etc. [C.O. 5, 727. pp. 234, 235.]
Feb. 28.
London.
685. R. Thompson to Mr. Popple. I have no thoughts of returning to Jamaica, etc, (v. Feb. 1.). Signed, Richd. Thompson. Endorsed, Recd. 9th, Read 13th Feb., 17 10/11. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 9. No. 30.]