America and West Indies
March 1713

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1926

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152-166

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'America and West Indies: March 1713', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 27: 1712-1714 (1926), pp. 152-166. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73917 Date accessed: 30 July 2014.


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March 1713

March 4.290. J. Thurston to Mr. Popple. I have discoursed several of the Jama. merchants upon what I had in command from the Lords Commrs. of Trade, and none of them will undertake to say what the Island may be inclined to do. But since the country allows no more than 1,250l. a year (their money) for support of the whole charge of the fortifications there, they think that the entertainment of an Engenier and Storekeeper, which will amount to near half that expence, will scarcely be agreed to, etc. Signed, J. Thurston. Endorsed, Recd. 4th, Read 31st March, 1713. 1½ pp. [C.O. 137, 9. No. 80; and 138, 13. p. 421.]
March 5.
Jamaica.
291. Governor Lord A. Hamilton to [? the Earl of Dartmouth]. I am sorry I should have occasion still to trouble your Lordship with complaints of Sr. Hovenden Walker's conduct here. I acquainted your Lop. before of his breaking off all correspondence with me, even upon H.M. service by returning my letters unop'ned, however I thought it my duty still to persist with giveing him such notices by letter as I judged were necessary for H.M. service, the protection of trade and the safety of this Island; and upon that consideration I wrot to him Jan. 13th acquainting him of the agreement I had come to with the Comte D' Arquyan (v. Dec. 18), as also another to Sir Hovenden Walker of Feb. 26th haveing received a complaint from the Governor of Carthagena with a letter inclos'd to him, that Capt. Jackson Commander of the St. Turian [?=Centurion Ed.] the same time he had convoy'd some tradeing vessels belonging to this Island to that coast, had taken as prize, while they were in an intercourse of trade with them, a Spanish vessell laden with cocoa and some money aboard, of which he complains and demands restitution. But to neither of these letters I have received any answere from the Admiral, so that I shall be pretty much at a loss how to give the Governor of Carthagena the reasonable satisfaction that he might expect. My Lord we have found the advantage of the agreement and good correspondence with the French Governor on the coast of St. Domingo since the Treaty of Cessation, the privateers from Petit Guavos having usually most infested this coast, whereas there has not been the least infriengment on the Treaty on either side, that has not been effectually redres't and adjusted between us. But on the contrary from other parts the coast of this Island has been very much infested wth. privateers with Spanish commissions, and pyrats, or freeboutters, by whom several trading vessels have been taken and even desents made on the north side of ye Island by which a gentleman there is intirely ruin'd by the loss of all his slaves and movables carry'd off by them, without any of the men of war here or Queen's sloops, as far as I have been inform'd or can learn giveing them any obstruction or endeavouring to protect ye coast from such insults. I have not received any comands from your Lop. since yrs. of Aug. 21st, nor have I as yet received any publick accot. of a second suspension of arms. The Nightingale man of war which I have been informed is arryved at Barbadoss and bound hither, may probably bring me pacquetts from yr. Lop. and the Lrds. Commissrs. of Trade. I have been some time since credably inform'd that Monsr. Cassard was with a squadron of French men of war and privateers gon to attack Curassow, but have not yet heard the event of that expedition. I hear that Don Carlos de Suere who was lately Govr. of Carthagena is arryved at the Havana Governor of that place, etc. Signed, A. Hamilton. 4 pp. [C.O. 137, 51. No. 69.]
March 5.
Jamaica.
292. Same to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Repeats preceding, and adds:—Since my last to your Lopps. there has been two appeals home from decrees in Chancery here, before I admitted of them I had recourse to my Instructions on that head, but do not find any directions in them relateing to appeals from Chancery, nor can I find any precedent of such appeals having ever been made from this Island. However the value of both these suitts exceeding 500l. each, I would not take upon me not to admitt of them, they giveing the security to prosecute the said appeals, being highly sensible how lyable I may be to mistakes and errors in such cases. But I cannot but observe to yr. Lopps. that if such appeals are encouraged let the equity of the decree given be never so plain, the party looseing will never fail to appeal home; upon the whole I shall pray yr. Lopps.' directions on this matter for my future conduct, etc. The crop of sugers here this year will not be great, however much better then could have been expected after the late hurrican, the weather since having been very seasonable. Signed, A. Hamilton. Endorsed, Rec. 18th May, Read 17th July, 1713. 5 pp. [C.O. 137, 10. No. 14; and 138, 13. pp. 509–513.]
March 14.
N. York.
293. Governor Hunter to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have not had ye honour of any of yr. Lordps.' commands since that the Dunwich man of warr brought me last fall. Sends duplicates of former letters. I must once more assure your Lordps. that there remains not ye least glimpse of hopes that an Assembly there will ever doe anything effectually for support of H.M. Government amongst them upon any other terms than her giveing it up entirely to them, for what else would these articles they soe boldly insist upon amount to, if granted, vizt. raiseing of money by ways and meanes of their own exclusive of the Councill who they still affirm (notwithstanding of what your Lordps. commanded to be communicated to them, and the practice of former Assemblys) have noe right to meddle in money bills. Their lodgeing of all publick moneys in ye hands of a Treasurer of their own, who is to dispose of none but by their direction, by that means makeing a cypher of Governour and Councill, and suspending from ye execution of his office H.M. Receiver Generall soe constituted by her Royal Letters Patents under ye Broad Seale; their nameing and appointing such salaries, and to such officers only as they shall thinke fitt, without any regard to those of H.M. appointment. Now my Lords, these resolutions and practices haveing soe aparent a tendency to ye dissolution of ye Government, remote from requisite remedies in such a case, I would choose any extremity rather than close with them, tho' I had not that sacred barr, H.M. Instructions soe expressly forbidding me. I have however with ye advice of ye Councill dissolved this Assembly, not out of any hopes wee conceive from a new election, but meerly as a duty incumbent upon me, after ye disrespectfull behaviour of ye last, for when they have fixt ye name of slavery, upon the supporting ye Government in ye manner H.M. has been pleased to direct, and that of liberty, on their rash resolutions and practices, and have taught the thoughtless people to speake after them, there remaines but small hope of any change in the elections, but what may be for ye worse as wee have experimented in the elections when the dissolution was an act of their own. Encloses Minutes of Council and Acts passed last Session, "none of which want any observations only the Negroe Act, which tho' much mittigated in its severities by ye Councill's amendments, I am apt to beleive your Lordps. will still think too severe, but after the late barberous attempt of some of their slaves nothing less cold please the people. This leads me to acquaint your Lordps. that by some private letters I am informed that ye Earl of Clarendon has given himselfe much trouble to obstruct the pardon of those I had repreived, and that there was a petition signed by many hands gone from hence for the same purpose. I am since satisfy'd here that there was such a petition secretly carryed round by one Bickley a buisy waspish man who acted then as Attorney Generall; the grand design of that petition was to confirm some people in the beleife of what hee and his associates give out that I have neither creditt or favoure at home, the secondary one to give creditt to his own infamous proceeding in that matter, for there being some pique between him and Mr. Regnier the master of one of the suspected negroes, after he had been twice acquitted by two different juries of the most creditable and substantiall of the inhabitants here, hee had him by some fetch of law tryed again at the Supream Court, where he found a jury tracticable to his purpose where he was found guilty; I solemnly protest to your Lordps. that in what I have done I had noe view but to save inocent blood, for by all the examinations and declarations of the evidence and the persons executed, I am convinced in my conscience that he is as innocent of that fact or the contrivance of it as ye child unborne. The others are Spaniards unjustly kept in slavery here many yeares and repreived by that Bickley's own desire, for it was Clerk who came to desire the mistress of one of them to beg for a repreive, about the time of their intended execution, when ye whole town seemed to acquiesce in their innocence and approve of the repreive; many who have signed that paper have declared to severall gentlemen that they knew nothing of the contents thereof, but being told that it was an Address for a law to punish negroe slaves, they signed it; I have in this acted according to conscience and shall waite for the issue from H.M. determination, and only begg leave to observe upon this occasion that if clandestine representations projected by an angry and designeing man and handed round to ye unwary and ignorant for subscriptions should gaine creditt and countenance at home, the Governour whoever he be, must have a very uneasy time of it, who knowing nothing of his accusation or accusers and liveing remote from his equall and just judges, suffers in his reputation and perhaps in his fortunes without a remedy. The House of Representatives past and sent up a Bill for the naturalization of all foreigners being protestants, which also past ye Councill, but an Act of the like nature being soe lately repealed in England, and their behaviour here intitleing them to noe such favour from ye Crown at present, I judg'd it adviseable and for H.M. service to refuse my assent to it at this time. There haveing been for some yeares past a totall sessation of ye pay of H.M. quitt-rents I did by advice of the Cheife Justice, and others learned in the laws issue out writts from the Chancery for that purpose, which begin to have their just effect for many are since come in to pay their arreares. It appeared a combination by their own confession severall haveing owned that they were resolved never more to pay any relyeing upon the scence and strength of a country jury, if they should at any time be sued for the same. But indeed the yearly quitt rent of this soe considerable Province, amounts to soe insignificant a summe, that I cannot help blaming ye negligence of such as have made out these soe very large grants with little if any reservation to the Crown; and in one very hard case upon the Crown I must intreat your Lordps. opinion. Some who held originally tracts of land under a certain stated quitt-rent have from succeeding Governours obtained new grants for the same, or grants of confirmation without any reservation reduceing the old quitt-rent to a summe next to nothing. Quere whether these subsequent grants be good in law, and whether the parties be not bound to pay the quitt-rents specifyed in their originall grant. Others have grants with this reservation only, paying such quitt-rent as shall hereafter be established by the laws of this Plantation; and others, such as shall be establish't by his Royall Highness, his heires and successors. Now H.M. has by her Instructions establish't half a crown for every 100 acres at least. Quere whether such are not obliged to pay that half crowne at least from the date of such Instruction, or from what other commencement they are obliged to pay it. In the next place, my Lords: The Palatins remaine within the province, and for ye most part within ye lands where I planted them, subsisting as they can and waiteing H.M. resolution. Cold I find any more creditt I would sett them to work this spring to prepare a succession of trees, but that is long since exhausted, none of my bills of any kind being paid at home, and I myselfe reduced to very hard shifts for a bare subsistance. Neither is it possible to oblige them to work in ye woods without subsistance, tho' for ye future I beleive the work may be carryed on by barely subsisting the workers dureing ye times they shall be imployed with the addition of a small allowance of bread for their families, soe that the yearely expence may be reduced to 5,000l. sterl., not including the expence of horses waggons and magazines with their proper officers. Your Lordships understand me well, that I doe not propose this as a perpetuall expence, but only untill such time as wee can have returnes of the produce of their labour, which considering the disapointments in point of time by their late arrivall in ye first yeare, and the interruption caused by ye non payment of my bills, and the time necessary for makeing of tarr, as it is plaine from the practice of ye Eastern Countries and our own experience, is three yeares, may be reasonably calculated to be requisite for two yeares forward at least, which also is to be reckoned as money lent to them seeing by their contract they are to repay it by their labour. It is some small comfort to me that I have brought that great undertakeing to all the perfection that human power or industry cold doe in that time and under such circumstances, and that wee have a demonstration of ye success of our labours, the prepared trees tho' not yet ripe for manufacture yeilding great quantities of turpentine. I acquainted your Lordps. in my former that the fort and chappell in ye Mohocks' village was finished. The Missionary at first had but an indifferent reception by ye means of one Hendrick who was one of those carryed to England, who had possessed them with a notion that the Minister was to claime a tenth of all their lands and goods, but being undeceived they have received him kindly and have expelled their community one of his opposers for that and haveing poisoned another." Refers to enclosed expenses of Assembly. "From which you will perceive what induces them to sitt and doe noe business, for by that means they create a nesessity of frequent sessions, and thereby receive a greater income than for the most part their farms or imployments yeild them. The account I had from their own clark. I most humbly recommend myselfe and my sufferings to your Lordships' consideration and generous patronage." Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. 22nd, Read 23rd April, 1713. 6¾ pp. Enclosed,
293. i. Account of the charge of the sessions of General Assembly, Sept. 1, 1710—Dec. 10, 1712. Members' and officers' salaries and incidentals:—Total, 2,524l. 19s. 6d. ½ p. [C.O. 5, 1050. Nos. 63, 63 i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 1123. pp. 92–103.]
Mar[ch 14].
New York.
294. Governor Hunter to the Earl of Dartmouth. Encloses following. "I am reduced to worse circumstances than the worst of my enemies could wish." Signed, Ro. Hunter. 1 p. Enclosed,
294. i. Duplicate of No. 296 i.
294. ii. Duplicate of No. 296.
294. iii. Duplicate of No. 293. [C.O. 5, 1091. Nos. 83, 83 i.-iii.; and (duplicate of covering letter and Nos. ii. and iii.) 84, 84 i., ii.]
March 14.
N. York.
295. Governor Hunter to [? the Earl of Dartmouth]. My sufferings are known to you and my releif so necessary and just that I bear them with patience in hopes that the dispatch of more weighty affairs will speedily afford leisure for that. I must beg leave once more to put your Lordship in mind of your poor Cousin Harison who deserves well of mankind, there is no man better beloved by all or fitter for business and it greives me that I have it not in my power to prefer him as he deserves. Your Lordship once laid your commands upon me to send you my thoughts with relation to the Brittish interest in America. I think it my duty at this time to acquaint your Lordship that some new measure lately resolv'd upon in France for planting and establishing Colonies on the river Messasipe all along the backs of our settlements has given great umbrage and apprehensions in these parts least in time these settlements may deprive us of the trade and dependance of the Natives. My Lord I know not how the freedom I am goeing to take might be construed by others, but am persuaded that your Lordship will put no other construction than the true one upon it, that is a zeal and concern for H.M. interests in these parts. I humbly conceive you have been kept in the dark, to say no worse of it, as to the nature of the Government of the five Indian nations as they are called, which by experience and the information of all those I have had any conversation with amongst them I am convinc'd is now and has in all times been no other than this. Such numbers as for the conveniencys of hunting and fighting, all the businesse of their lives, herd together live in a perfect state of nature every man his own master free from all rules or regulations, or any constraint from custom itself, only in the two important affairs mentioned the younger sort are readily advised by such of the elder as have by the common vogue the reputation of the wisest, neither are they under any obligation to follow such advice, there being no coercive power or penalty lodged or so much as supposed to be anywhere amongst them, only they conclude it folly not to be advised by those who have more sense and experience than themselves and can have no interest in imposeing upon them, for that reason these sages call'd by them Ianer, the word Sachim appertaining only to our river Indians, are commonly the most indigent being the most ancient unable to hunt themselves and haveing no share in the produce of their exploits of any kind but such as these concern'd in takeing the booty think fit voluntarily to leave them, for at their return from these employments the wise men divide to each his share saving nothing to themselves, neither are they or can they be confined to any certain number there being no other election or nomination of such but the impression that the experience of their life and behaviour makes on the mind of the generality. When at their own or my desire I have at any time met them the whole body hears what I have to propose, after which they retire and consult together and haveing agreed upon answers to each individual proposition one of these sages is chosen by the whole to report them neither is their voice delivered by any one particular man but sometimes by one, sometimes another, though most commonly they choose the eldest and most eloquent amongst them. Their wars are begun and carried on in this manner, one of them who has got the design in his head makes a feast and invites his canton to it and in the assembly he dances explaining in a song his intentions and reasons, such as approve of it dance one after another and all that eat at his feast are looked upon as listed for yt. expedition and the proposer is constantly the leader for that time. This much is sufficient to let your Lordship into the nature of their no government upon which in a great measure our security depends, it not being probable that they should at any time all agree to fall upon us without just provocation, but if some from mistaken notions or private purposes should endeavour to establish with success any other form amongst them by applying meanings to words to which they have no manner of relation and should it be obtruded upon that people that such and such are Princes because we think so or call them so and should these Princes assume or acquire an authority in any measure proportion'd to that of European potentates, from that minute our quiet and safety must depend upon their caprice, who haveing little to doe at home and commanding a people who have less will probably be for makeing war where they propose to doe it with most ease and profit and may be easily bribed to disturb us by our enemys when we are so unhappy as to have any in our neighbohood. Happily indeed for us those who were carryed to England were men of no consideration or rather the most obscure amongst them. Hendrick its true had some credit with the small village of Mohaks called Scoharee, but he himself a river Indian and a very turbulent subtle fellow, who since his return has given us more trouble than all the other Indians beside, and had he had the hundredth part of that power which was ascribed to him we must have been in actual war with them at this time. I must acquaint you with one particular. The people of Scoharee (who held that land by no good tenure haveing formerly sold it but the grant of it being revok'd by an act here, the Government here gave the Indians again possession of it) were prevail'd upon to make a cession of it to the Queen. Hendrick kept them off a long time from compleating their act of cession under pretence of the insufficiency of the presents which I at last considerably augmented which determined them to accept of them, but Hendrick then their Speaker full of his imperial power ventured to deliver his sentiments contrary to what he had in instructions from them upon which the minute they left me they fell upon him and had torn him to peices but for the interposition of some soldiers and my servants and they immediately return'd and resign'd their lands. To shew your Lordship how apt they are to extend the notion of princely power when they have receiv'd it, I must triffle once more. One of the River Indians takeing away a candle from before me was chid by one who stood by, but he readily replyed, I Sachem, I King, I doe what I please, tho' at the same time he neither had or claim'd respect or obedience from his fellow savages. Upon the foot they now stand they are easily managed, a little art and industry with their antients carrys most points, but should they happen to be new modell'd, we shall be at a loss what measures to take. What I have set down is a rude sketch of their ruder government, and whether the contrary notion has arisen from deception or design, or whether those who have imposed upon others were not first imposed upon themselves I shall not take upon me to determine, but I am bold to affirm that from that minute that these notions with relation to their government which have obtain'd among us prevail among them, we shall enjoy here but a very precarious security, etc. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Rd. April 24th, 1713. Holograph. 4½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1085. No. 11.]
March 14.
New York.
296. Governor Hunter to the Council of Trade and Plantations. This letter relates to the affaires in New Jersey, which remain still in the same perplexity untill H.M. pleasure be known touching the alteration of her Council there upon which intirely the quiet of that Province depends. There has been somehow handed over hither a copie of a representation said to be given to your Lordships signed by Jacob Henderson missionary for Dover Hundreds in Pensilvania aspersing foully several gentlemen recommended for Councelors, some of the gentlemen concern'd being so basely attackt in their reputations, thought it necessary for their justification to appeale to the convocation of the clergy of both Provinces assembled at New York, who unanimously agreed upon the resolution of sending to Mr. Henderson a letter sign'd by them all, a copie of which is here inclos'd, etc. Nothing but the appeal I have made to H.M. could have kept me from suspending some of these gentlemen of the Council for their turbulent and undutifull behaviour, and I cannot doubt but that your Lordps. will do your endeavour to prevent H.M. authority from being trampled upon in the person of her Governour how inconsiderable soever that may be, whilst she is pleas'd to continue him in that office. Mr. Sonmans still absconds and continues to disperse his libels. Mr. Pinhorn has never attended the Council since the first Assembly and I believe resolves never more to do so. Mr. Towneley, Mr. Gardner and Mr. Quarry are dead. Mr. Cox talks still confidently of his going for Engld., so that I shall hardly be able to make a quorum of Council for buss'nesse, and even many of them dispos'd and resolv'd to obstruct all buss'nesse. I formerly wrote to your Lordps. about a Court of Chancery in that Province. The subject in this finds ease and reliefe from it, and these in the Jerseys beg and groan for it, but there is no hopes of opening such a Court with the advice of the Council as it is now constituted. I desire to be resolv'd by your Lops. whether the custody of the Seale does not actually constitute such an officer and court, and if so whether I may not by Proclamation without the Council's concurrence declare such a Court to be open'd. It is to no purpose to let the Assembly meet untill H.M. pleasure relateing to her Council there be known. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. 22nd, Read 23rd April, 1713. 2 pp. Enclosed,
296. i. Convocation of Clergy at New York to Mr. Jacob Henderson. March 5, 1712/13. Protest against the characters he is said to have given to the Board of Trade of some gentlemen recommended by the Governor for Councillors. Signed, Alexander Innes, Æneas McKenzie, John Barton, Chris. Bridge, Edward Vaughan, John Charpe, Daniel Bondet, T. Haleday, Henricus Beys. Copy. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 970. Nos. 163, 164; and (without enclosure), 5, 995. pp. 170–173.]
March 17.
Whitehall.
297. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lord High Treasurer. Your Lordship having been pleased some time since to order one year and a half salary to this Board, we hope your Lordship will be so good to direct the payment thereof. [C.O. 389, 37. p. 56.]
March 21.
St. James's.
298. H.M. Commission for Capt. John Moody to be Lt. Governor of Placentia. Countersigned, Bolingbroke. Endorsed, Recd. 15th June, 1713. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 5. No. 24; and 195, 5. pp. 312, 313.]
March 21.299. Memorandum of letter from Thomas Harley, Secretary to the Treasury, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Slip. ½ p.
Enclosed,
299. i. Establishment of the garrison of Annapolis, 1711. Total, 2,162l. 12s. 6d. Endorsed, Feb. 16, 17 12/13. ½ p.
299. ii. Establishment of the garrison of Annapolis, 1713. Total, 1,204l. 10s. Same endorsement. ½ p. [C.O. 217, 1. Nos. 9 i., 9 ii.]
March 21.
New Jersey.
300. Thomas Gordon to [?Mr. Popple]. Encloses following, to clear his character from Mr. Henderson's unjust aspersions, etc. Signed, Thomas Gordon. Endorsed, Recd. 30th May, 1713, Read 23 Nov., 1717. 1 p. Enclosed,
300. i. Certificate by Alexander Innes in favour of Lt. Col. John Anderson, recommended for the Council of New Jersey, and aspersed by a memorial subscribed by Jacob Henderson, missionary to Dover Hundred in Pensilvania and presented by him to Lord Winchelsea, president to the Lds. Commissioners of Trade. 12th March, 1712 (1713). Signed, Alexander Innes, presbiter. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p.
300. ii. Certificate by Robert Watts, Factor of the African Company, in favour of Capt. John Anderson, late commander of the Unicorn. 20th March, 17 12/13. Signed, Rot. Watts. Same endorsement. ½ p.
300. iii. Certificate by Edward Vaughan and T. Halliday as to the character of Thomas Gordon. "He is learned in the law, and science mathematical, etc. and not only catechises and instructs his children, but his slaves in ye principles of the Christian faith" etc. 16th March, 1712 (1713). Signed, Edward Vaughan, minister of Elizabeth Town in New Jersey; T. Halliday, minister of Perth Amboy, etc. Same endorsement. 1 p.
300. iv. Similar certificate. Signed, Æneas McKenzie, 21st March, 1712/13. Same endorsement. 1 p.
300. v. Similar certificate as to the character and good family of Thomas Gordon. 12th March, 1712/13. Signed, Alexander Innes, presbiter. Same endorsement. ½ p. [C.O. 5, 971. Nos. 17, 17 i.–v.; and (without enclosures) 5, 995. pp. 341–343.]
March 21.
Treasury Chambers.
301. T. Harley to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Lord High Treasurer desires you to take the usual method in obtaining H.M. hand to Governor Nicholson's instructions (Feb. 25), adding enclosed to those proposed for enquiring into arrears of prizes, etc. Signed, T. Harley. Endorsed, Recd. 23rd, Read 31st March, 1713. Addressed. 1 p. Enclosed,
301. i. Mr. Burchett to the Lord High Treasurer. Admiralty Office, Feb. 27, 1712/13. The Lords Commrs. of the Admiralty having reason to apprehend the Queen hath been defrauded of considerable summs in the Plantations, propose that Mr. James Smith (who was formerly Agent for Prizes in the Fleets abroad, and now Judge of the Court of Admiralty in Newfoundland) may be employed under Genl. Nicholson in inspecting into the rights and perquisites of the Admiralty, with an allowance for his pains etc. Signed, J. Burchett. Addressed. 1 p.
301. ii. (a) Instructions for Governor Nicholson for recovering any rights and perquisites of Admiralty in America, since H.M. accession, which have been either conceal'd or imbezled, or not properly accounted for.
301. ii. (b) List of prizes accounted for. The whole, 4 pp. [C.O. 323, 7. Nos. 24, 24 i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 324, 10. pp. 22, 23.]
March 27.
Craven House.
302. The Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Governor Craven. We have herewith sent you the heads of an Act of Assembly which we think proper to be passed for the better securing our debts and chief rents to us and for confirming the titles of the inhabitants to their plantations and estates. We have complyed with the proposalls that were sent to us by our Chief Justice for the passing such a law, and have advanced yours and some other salaries, and have consented to the publick buildings wch. we think to be for the honour and advantage of our Government. We being inform'd of Sir Anthony Craven's death, are apprehensive that your affairs, upon that occasion, may require your coming for England, and in that case have appointed Mr. Robt. Johnson to succeed you, but we shall not grant him any Commission till we can receive further advice from you. Signed, Beaufort, Carteret, M. Ashley, J. Colleton, J. Danson. [C.O. 5, 290. p. 65.]
March 27.
Craven House.
303. Same to Nicholas Trott, Chief Justice of South Carolina. We received your letters with the heads of an Act of Assembly for the better securing our chief rents and for the confirming and settling the titles of the inhabitants of our Province to their lands; we think it very reasonable that such a law should be passed, and have therefore sent you back the heads which we think proper for such an Act wth. very little alteration from those you sent us; we recommend to you the care of this and what other Act of Assembly shal be thought proper to be transmitted to us for our confirmation. Signed as preceding. [C.O. 5, 290. p. 66.]
[March 28.]304. [Relatives of General Parke] to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The relations of Generall Parke trouble your Lordships with the inclosed, and hope you'l represent the matter in its proper collours to H.M. in Generall Councill, where 'tis thought she will declare her Royall pleasure about it this night. And they have too much reason to think that she is much imposed upon as to the whole fact. Endorsed, Recd. 28th, Read 31st March, 1713. Addressed. 1 p. Enclosed,
304. i. Truth brought to light; or, murder will out; being a short, but true, account of the most horrid, barbarous, and bloody Murther and Rebellion committed at Antego in the West Indies, against Her Majesty and Her Government. Designed to show that the murder was the result of a conspiracy. Printed. 4 pp.
304. ii. Some instances of the oppression and male administration of Col. Parke, etc., and remarks on preceding. Printed. 4 pp. [C.O. 152, 9. Nos. 157, 157 i., 158.]
March 30.305. Governor Douglas to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The best account, that I have gained of Monsieur Cassarts' expedition agt. Curassow is, that he hath lost his 70 gun shipp, and rather compounded with, then ransomed the place for 150,000 crowns, and in some measure to save his honor, without hurting the Colony, and tho' we hear the Dutch behaved themselves but indiferently, yet the French were loosers. In pursuance of the directions that I received from the Commissioners of Customs, I have call'd a Court of Exchequer, and have appointed the Reverend Jonathan Yate Giffard Clerk Chancellor, John Lucas, Esq., Chief Barron and Abraham Redwood, Samuel Parry and— James, Esqrs. puisny Barrons and the Attorney Generall has exhibited 119 informacons upon soe many plantation bonds that doe not appear to be legally discharg'd, great numbers have been lost and illegally discharged, but these prosecutions extremly allarm the Collony, and put the planters in great fear of forfeiting their estates, and well deserves your Lordshipps' consideracon, how farr it may be convenient to proceed therein, upon which subject I hope to receive your Lordshipps' directions. Signed, Walter Douglas. Endorsed, Recd. 26th May, Read 14th July, 1713. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 10. No. 4; and 153, 12. pp. 101, 102.]
March 30.
Barbados.
306. Governor Lowther to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Your Lordshipes letter of Aug. 27th came not to my hand till the other day. I must crave leave to remind your Lordshipes that I sent Mr. Kerby to England upon a letter I receiv'd from General Douglas dated Jan. 7th, 1711–12, wherein he not only charg'd him with the murder of Mr. Parke, but did also assure me that there were sufficient evidences in England to prove the fact against him. I did conceive that this letter was not only a good warrant for me to apprehend Mr. Kerby, and to send him to England, but also that I should have been remiss and tardy in my duty and service to H.M. if I had not done it, etc. However, for the future I shall give no credit to any such letters, etc. Acknowledges letter of Dec. 22 last with H.M. two orders of repeal "which I shall cause to be publish'd in the usual manner and enter'd in the Council books." Encloses sessional papers, etc. Signed, Rob Lowther. Endorsed, Recd. 18th May, Read July 17th, 1713. Addressed. Holograph. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 28, 14. No. 4; and 29, 13. pp. 62–64.]
March 31.
Jamaica.
307. Governor Lord A. Hamilton to the Earl of Dartmouth. Since my last (duplicate enclosed) H.M.S. Nightingale arryved here, by her received yr. Lop's. of Aug. 21st, which I have strikly comply'd with, and have likewise given orders to all under my Government that due respect be had to all such passes as H.M. has thought fit to grant to French and Spanish ships. How well H.M. commands has been obey'd in these points by Sir H. Walker and some of the Comanders of Her ships here yr. Lop. will best judge by stateing two facts which I think my duty to represent. Refers to complaint against Capt. Jackson, v. No. 291. I received an answear from the Admiral the 6th March in the words following (viz), "I had own'd yr. Lop's. letter and the Governor of Cartagena's letters sooner, but expecting the bark in here that Capt. Jackson seiz'd, and that not yet aryving it is to be presumed she may be return'd to Cartagena and therefore am at a loss what to determin therein. But being now under orders to proceed to Great Britain with the squadron I shall leave all matters relating to that affair to be determined there." The Admiral takes no notice of the money (6000 ps. of 8 as I am inform'd) Capn. Jackson took out of that vessel and actually brought with him to this Island, so that I am no less at a loss how to answear the Governor of Cartagena's letter, and of what consequence the delay of satisfaction to so reasonable a demand may be to the trade of this Island, I humbly submit to yr. Lop.; and we have allready had an instance of the ill consequence of such a proceeding. The master of a tradeing vessel belonging to this Island returning some days ago from Porto Velo assured me that he had not dispos'd of any part of his cargo, and that the Governor of that place had strikly forbid to trade with the English, till such time sufficient restitution be made them for the said bark, and there are now several other vessels richly laden gon a tradeing on that coast, which we may reasonably expect will return with the same disapointment. The other fact that I shall lay before your Lop. is this, upon receipt of a letter from Mr. Burchett by command of the Lords of the Admiralty of Oct. 27th last by the Nightingale that arrived here the 11th instant, I gave notice by letter to Rear Admiral Walker that I had received dispatches by that ship from the Court of Madrid to their several Governors in America, and of its being recomended to me to see the same convey'd as directed with all possible dispatch, the said packetts containing directions for the observation of the truce. I thereupon conceiving it for H.M. service proposed that a frigott or one of the sloops under his command should be forthwith ordered to proceed to Cartagena and Port Velo with the packetts for those Governors and such others as were proper to be forwarded by them; But to this letter the Admiral has not thought fit to return me any answere, and I am well inform'd that he had determined to send the Jamaica sloop with merchts. goods to both those ports before the receipt of my letter, and the said sloop is accordingly since sail'd without his having given me the least notice thereof, so that I have been oblidged to send a gentleman in a sloop belonging to the Island with the said dispatches. I shall not trouble yr. Lop. with my reflections on these facts upon what reason they are founded being beyond my comprehention. By English vessels lately arived here from Curassow, I am inform'd that Monsr. Cassart had left that place after haveing oblidg'd the inhabitants to ransom the towne for 115,000 pieces of eight, haveing made but a very indifferent defence. The Duke D'Albequerk Vice-roy of Mexico is aryved at the Havana in his way to Spain, and the Marquis de Cassatores is aryved Governor of the Havana, and not the Marquis de Suere as I was inform'd before. There lay at that port a fleet richly laden bound home. Signed, A. Hamilton. 5½ pp. [C.O. 137, 51. No. 70.]
March 31.
Jamaica.
308. Same to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Repeats preceding and adds after "comprehention."—, nor shall I inlarge on instances of an inferiour nature, as of the hardships and discouragements put upon all traders in general and masters of ships and vessels comeing in and goeing out by bringing them under his stern among The Keys, and dedaining them upon tryfling and frivolous pretences, threatning to wheep some and carry home others, and since I began to write this, the master of a French sloop from Nanz bound to the Havana, who had before shew'd me the Queen's pass, as also the French King's, and had desired the liberty of the port to wood and water; now makes his complaint to me that the Admiral has brought him to an anchor under his stern, put men on board and there detains him for what reason or upon what accot. he knows not. I shall only add that since his arrivall here the disposition of the ships both as to convoys, cruisers and guarding the coast has been industriously kept a secret from me, and now I writt this on the common report of the squadron's saileing in few days, not being acquainted therewith otherewise then by the abstract of his letter above incerted. The Island is at present very healthy and the weather seasonable, so that there is a promising prospect that the nixt will be a good crop of sugers. Signed, A. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 25th May, Read 17th July, 1713. 6¾ pp. [C.O. 137, 10. No. 15; and 138, 14. pp. 1–5.]
March 31.
Whitehall.
309. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lord High Treasurer. Reply to Feb. 13th, q.v. The new fort begun at Barbadoes during Sir B. Granville's government is not yet finish'd, which as Col. Lilley, the Ingineer, informs us, wou'd be a great security to that Island were it perfected. It has already cost the Island about 9,000l. in mony and in negroes labour, and he believ'd that about 11,000l. more including negroes labour wou'd compleat the same; but neither he nor the agent of the Island cou'd give us any assurance that the Assembly wou'd raise any more mony for that work. We are also inform'd that the Assembly of Jamaica allows but 1,250l. a year (their money) for the support of the whole charge of the fortifications, and the persons with whom we have discours'd here believe, they will scarce be induc'd to raise mony for the support of the Ingineer and Storekeeper there. As to New York, we are inform'd that there is a new fort to be built in the Indian country to secure them against the incursions of the French Indians, the doing whereof will require some time. And as the Ingineer at New York, is also Ingineer at New England, we propose that the recalling of him be deferr'd till the said fort is finish'd, or till Col. Nicholson shall have been upon the place and examin'd into the state of that matter, and made his report to your Lordship thereupon. We have no objection to the Board of Ordnance's proposal in relation to the garrison at Annapolis. [C.O. 29, 13. pp. 2–5.]