America and West Indies
December 1714


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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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'America and West Indies: December 1714', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 28: 1714-1715 (1928), pp. 48-61. URL: Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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December 1714

Dec. 1.
107. Lt. Governor Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to Oct. 25th, " since which H.M. has been proclaim'd with the same unanimity in all the parts of this Colony: and thursday last was observed as a General Thanksgiving for H.M. happy accession. The Addresses (copies enclosed) I hope will be look'd on as suitable testimonys of our duty and loyalty," etc. Refers to his enclosed Speech and Address of the House of Burgesses in answer thereto. Continues:—As that address came to me with a nemine contradicente from that House, I doubt not it will be an agreeable demonstration to your Lordps. of the harmony between me and the Assembly; as the inclos'd letter from the Council (v. Nov. 26) will satisfy your Lordps. how little ground there is for the reports, which I understand have been made in England, and which probably may e're now have reach'd your Lordps. as if the good correspondence between us, were of late much interrupted on account of the affair of Mr. Berkeley. Refers to Journal of Council, Nov. 4th. Though that gentleman is a person that I should not have recommended to be of the Council, considering the present constitution of that Board, it will yet appear by his own confession, that I have been far from refuseing to admitt him: neither have I taken upon me to act anything in relation to him, which is not conformable to the constant practice of the Council, as well as the general opinion of the gentlemen who compose the present Board; and even those who in regard of their relation and kindred argued most in his favour, could not but own their conviction upon the precedents produced to them. I shal only add, that the People of Virginia will never be well pleased when they see too many of one family on the General Court Bench: and I fear your Lordps. may be troubled with a grievance from them on that account, if the merchants' scheme (which I have seen) should take place; it being proposed to add to the Council three more, who are nearly related to the many of the same Family already of that Board. I do not write this, as if I pretended to dictate to your Lordps. what recommendations you are to take, etc. Signed, A. Spotswood. Endorsed, Recd. 28th Jan., 17 14/15, Read 16th May, 1716. 2 pp. Enclosed,
107. i. Copy of Address of the Lt. Governor and Council of Virginia to the King. We, being sensible that it is your Majesty's undoubted right to inherit the duty and loyalty which we heartily professed to our late most gracious and pious Queen of blessed memory; do with all submission and zealous readiness presume now to offer the same tribute of our hearts to your gracious acceptance; beseeching your Majesty to regard us as part of your most dutifull and loyal subjects. We have already declared, we have solemnly own'd before God and the world your Majesty our sole rightfull and lawfull King: We further cheerfully tender our lives and fortunes to defend your sacred person, and to support your undoubted right to the Imperial Crown of Great Britain against all Pretenders whatsoever. We are proud to say that no part of your Majesty's Realms can boast a more universal concurrence in proclaiming your Royal name: No discords, no divisions reign here among your subjects to disquiet your princely mind: And we dare affirm that Virginia, your first, most ancient Colony is second to none in ready submission to your Maty.'s Government. To hear that jealousys in our Mother Country cease, that her jarring sons unite at the very name of King George, and that your Majesty's accession is peaceable as well as rightfull has been matter of our private joy and publick thanksgiving. Even the first Caesar came and saw before he conquered. More may be recorded of you, great Sir, who can happily influence the minds of your people before your personal presence. Hence we joy to welcome a Monarch, a Divine Conqueror, who seems in eminent manner designed by Providence to reign in the hearts of distant subjects and remoter Colonys. We humbly implore your Majesty's gracious acceptance of these congratulations upon the auspicious begining of your Reign. Wishing that the High Imperial British Crown may to all succeeding ages be fixt in your Royal House: Our prayers are, our utmost endeavours shall be that it may sit long, easie and glorious on your sacred head. Signed, A. Spotswood, Robert Carter,James Blair, Phillip Ludwell, John Smith, John Lewis, William Byrd, Wm. Cocke, Nathll. Harrison, Mann Page, Robert Porteus. Same endorsement. 2 pp.
107. ii. Copy of Address of the Council and Burgesses of Virginia to the King. With hearts full of joy, we embrace this first opportunity of addressing your sacred Majesty with our congratulations, etc. Signed, by all the Members of the Council and House of Burgesses. Same endorsement. ½ p.
107. iii. Address of the House of Burgesses of Virginia to Lt. Governor Spotswood. (In reply to No. iv.)Express their loyalty to the King, etc. It is owing to your prudent administration that our frontiers are secured, etc., and to your frugall management, that the expence shoud be lessened when the services are increased, etc. We heartily receive the German Protestants into our country, and have given them immunity from taxes for seven years, etc. Return thanks to H.E. for his labours and the hardships he has undergone in defence of the country, etc., Nov. 25, 1714. v. Journals. Signed, Peter Beverley. Endorsed as preceding. 2 pp.
107. iv. Copy of Lt. Governor's Speech to the House of Burgesses of Virginia, Nov. 17, 1714. v. Journal. Same endorsement. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 1317.Nos. 26, 26 i.–iv.; and (without enclosures) 5, 1364. pp. 308–312.]
[Dec. 1.]108. [? Stephen Duport] to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Islands St. Martyn and St. Bartholomé lie about 10 leagues N.N.W. of St. Christophers. Their is not on either any quantity of land fitt for sugar canes, etc. The French had in peacable tymes about 100 famillies on both islands whose chief occupation was to rear stock which furnished the French part of St. Christophers and Martineco with fresh provisions, etc. These two Islands cannot be reputed considerable in themselves, but might be of some consequence should they remaine in the hands of the French, as a lurking place for privateers, etc. and a means of illegal trade. St. Christophers may be much better and sooner settled if supplied with provisions cattle and wood from these two islands, etc. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Duport) 1st Dec., 1714, Read 21st April, 1715. 11/8 pp. [C.O. 152, 10. No. 54.]
Dec. 4.109. Address of several of the Planters, merchants and principal inhabitants of the Island of Jamaica to the King. Sensibly affected by the loss of our late sovereign Lady Queen Anne, we congratulate your Majesty's happy accession by which our religion, our rights and liberties will be secured to us, our properties will be safe, our trade advanced and our Island defended, etc, Altho' we may have been misrepresented to Her late Majesty and traduced at present we ever have and always shall behave and demean ourselves as most faithful and dutiful subjects, etc. Which had been laid before your Majesty in a Parliamentary way, had not the Assembly been this day prevented by a sudden prorogation. Signed, Pe. Beckford, Hugh Totterdell, Francis March, Henry Dakins, Thomas Raby, Geo. Bennett, Jo. Umfry, Tho. Masters, Jon. Carver, H. Nicholls, John Rogers, Ezekl. Gomersall, Daniel Axtell, Richd. Aldeburgh, James Rule, Thomas Beckford, Peter Rowe, Jno. Gardner, Danl. Plowman, Tho. Flower, Lewis Gardy. 1 p. [C. O. 137, 46. No. 8.]
Dec. 6.
St. James's.
110. Order of King in Council. Referring following to the Council of Trade and Plantations for their report. Signed, Christr. Musgrave. Endorsed, Recd. 29th, Read 30th Dec., 1714. 1 p. Enclosed,
110. i. Petition of Daniel Hall, William Armstrong, John Evans and John Narbonne, on behalf of themselves and other unemployed officers and about 1,000 poor disbanded soldiers, now begging about the streets of London, etc. to the King. Refer to former petitions to Her late Majesty. (March 23, April 2 and 8, etc.). The late Lord Treasurer slighted petitioners, and designed to ingross the profits of their proposal to himself. Petitioners have seen in the publick prints of his granting the King of Spain liberty to build shipps of warr on the lands which were intended for their settlement. Pray for a grant of the uninhabited lands between New England and Nova Scotia, between the Rivers Sagadehock and St. Croix, the River Canada on the rear with the Attlantick Ocean on the front, with all the Island(s) adjacent, with their mines and the royalties of the said Rivers, and also the liberty of coyning 1,000 tuns of copper into half-pence and farthings in the same specie they now are, and that the sd. lands may be free from all duties the space of 21 years, for which petitioners will oblige themselves to supply H.M. with masts and other timber to build shipping. 2¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 866. Nos. 24, 24 i.; and 5, 913. pp. 494–497.]
Dec. 9.
111. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Thomas Maycock, Guy Ball and John Colleton being thought proper to be Members of the Council for the Islands of Barbados in the room of William Sharpe, Alexander Walker and Samuel Beresford, I am directed to transmit their names to you, that they may be inserted in the Instructions preparing for Robert Lowther Esq., if you have no objection against them. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. Read 22nd Dec., 1714. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 14. No. 27; and 29, 13. p. 153.]
Dec. 10.
112. Governor Lord A. Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. My last of Oct. 7th acquainted your Lordships with my intentions of speedily calling a new Assembly, and my reasons for delaying it so long. I am now to lay before you the most materiall proceedings that have since occurr'd, and in order thereto transmitt herewith the Minutts of the Assembly and Journall of the Councill of a very short Sessions of three days, which ended with a prorogation to Jan. 18th next. Your Lordships will easily perceive by what appears in the Journal of the Council the necessity of this prorogation, which would still be much more conspicuous from the Minutts of the Assembly, were there not such extraordinary and unwarrantable artifices made use of, that nothing should appear in them, but what is to the likeing of a factious, tho' a small majority in the House, and which has been obtain'd by means as indirect and extraordinary as their proceedings have been. My duty now obliges me to lay open to your Lopps. a scene that has been hitherto uncovered. In hopes time and the prevailing on some to a true scence of their duty and alteration of conduct, might have prevented the necessity's being made absolute upon me; in short my Lords the the true source of all the division and obstruction the Assemblys have given to publick affairs, has proceeded from a party in the Council that have underhand not only encouraged and fomented all the heats and oppositions in the Assembly when together; but have been eminently instrumentall in the choice of such representatives as had given more than once proofs of their undutyfull and factious tempers and particularly in this last election which demonstrably cast the ballance on the oposeing side. In these circumstances your Lopps. will plainly observe the difficultys I labour under in asserting and maintaining the just prerogative of the Crowne and supporting of Government according to my duty and instructions, and the impossibility of effecting it, without such further support as H.M. upon the representation of the whole shall please to direct. I shall only mention one circumstance which I humbly conceive strong on my side; in all the contention and opposition that has hitherto appear'd in Assemblys, your Lopps. will not find the least pretence of any grievance or complaint that can tend any way personally to effect me, but the whole has proceeded from my complying, even in a gentle manner, with what my duty indispensably required of me. I was some time at a lose to find out the true motive and aime of their whole proceedings. What accot. can be given of such indeavours of deminishing the Revenue, at best far from being sufficient to defray the usuall and necessary contingencys of the Government, and obstructing all supplys, but thereby to insinuate its inability of supporting the expence of a Captain Generall's sallary, which wou'd be made easie by that of a Lieut. Governour. Then as formerly in the year 1692 your Lopps. might be applyed to as your Board then was, "that a tollerable choice may be made from amongst themselves," etc. (v. C.S.P. 1692, No. 2, 278). The Assembly not giveing me an oppertunity of concurring in a joint Address to H.M. with them and the Council, I agreed with the latter in the inclosed Address, another originall of which I have transmitted by my Ld. Townsend as principall Secretary of State, in order to be presented to His Majesty. Signed, A. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 28th Jan., Read 10th March, 17 14/15. 4½ pp. Enclosed,
112. i. Address of the Governor and Council of Jamaica to the King. With unexpressible joy and satisfaction congratulate H.M. happy and peaceable accession, etc., by which we find with the utmost transport our religion and liberties now secure, etc. Signed, A. Hamilton, Will. Cockburn, Cl. Con. Endorsed, Recd. Jan. 28, 17 14/15. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 10. Nos. 65, 65 i.; and (without enclosure) 138, 14. pp. 184–187.]
Dec. 13.113. A Memorandum of a new Commission for promoting trade and improving H.M. Plantations. Eight new Commissioners are appointed. (v. Feb. 11, 1715.) [C.O. 388, 76. No. 178.]
Dec. 14.
114. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. H.M. having been pleased to appoint the Right Honble. the Lord Archibald Hamilton to be Governour of Jamaica, you are to prepare a Commission and Instructions for him as usual, etc. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. 16th, Read 29th Dec., 1714. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 10. No. 55; and 138, 10. p. 146.]
Dec. 14.
115. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. H.M. having been pleased to appoint the Right Honble. George Earl of Orkney to be Governour of Virginia, you are to prepare a Commission and Instructions for him as usual, etc. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. 16th, Read 29th Dec., 1714. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1316. No. 112; and 5, 1364, p. 65.]
Dec. 14.
116. H.M. Warrant appointing William Congreve Secretary and Commissary General of H.M. stores in Jamaica, and revoking the patent of John Baber. Congreve to transport himself thither by the first opportunity and not to be absent from thence without H.M. leave. Countersigned, Cocks. Endorsed, Recd. Read 2nd Oct., 1717. Copy. 3 pp. [C.O. 137, 12. No. 69; and 324, 49. pp. 1–3.]
Dec. 15.
St. James's.
117. H.M. Warrant renewing the appointment of Richard Rigby as Provost Marshall of Jamaica. Copy. Countersigned, James Stanhope. [C.O. 5, 190. p. 26.]
Dec. 15.
St. James's.
118. H.M. Warrant renewing the appointment of Charles Hedges as Secretary of the Leeward Islands. Copy. Countersigned, James Stanhope. [C.O. 5, 190. p. 27.]
Dec. 15.
St. James's.
119. H.M. Warrant renewing the appointment of George Clarke as Secretary of New York. Copy. Countersigned, James Stanhope. [C.O. 5, 190. pp. 27, 28.]
Dec. 15.
St. James's.
120. H.M. Warrant revoking the patent of Ashton Warner and appointing Henry Douglas Provost Marshall of the Leeward Islands. Copy. Countersigned, James Stanhope. [C.O. 5, 190. pp. 28, 29.]
Dec. 16.
121. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. H.M. has been pleased to appoint William Popple Esq., to be Secretary to his Council for Trade and Plantations, etc. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. 16th, Read 20th Dec., 1714. 1 p. [C.O. 388, 76. No. 179; and 389, 37. p. 84.]
Dec. 20.
122. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following for their report. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. 29th Dec., 1714. Read 3rd Jan., 17 14/15. 1 p. Enclosed,
122. i. Petition of Col. Vetch, late Governor of Annapolis Royal, to the King. Recounts his services in capturing and defending Annapolis Royal, during three years "against a numerous and barbarous enemy of French and Indians, with a garrison that was even grown mutinous, for want of pay and cloathing, having been intirely neglected or rather abandoned by the Ministry at home," etc., in all which time petitioner never received one line of instructions from Court, untill November last; when to his great surprise he was superseded by one Mr. Nicholson for no other reason, Mr. Vetch could ever learn, but his steady zeal for the Protestant succession in your Majesty's Royal House, etc. Prays to be restored to his former command, and be paid arrears due to him, and that Mr. Borland, the Agent, who supported the garrison so long under its total neglect, may be reimbursed. 1 p.
122. ii. The case of Col. Vetch. Recounts his difficulties as in preceding, etc. Continues: On his arriving at Boston, Mr. Nicholson began to apologise for having superseded him, saying the Ministry had been possessed with a character of him, as a partisan of the Whig Ministry, and being resolv'd to keep none in public posts but who were intirely in their interest, etc., but when Mr. Vetch urged his services, he told him after his passionate way that the preserving the Garison was his greatest crime, adding that since the Crown sent neither mony to support it, nor orders relating to it he might easily judge they design'd it shu'd be abandoned, the same reply he gave to Mr. Borland, etc. Mr. Vetch was at first surpris'd at this so public and strange declaration untill he was more particularly inform'd of his behaviour from his first departure from Great Britain and arrival in Ireland where some of his retinue at Kingsayl hap'ning publickly to drink the pretender's health under the name of King Jam's the third, were taken up by the magestrate at Cork and fined imprisoned . . . . Mr. Nicholson publickly in all companys and to Mr. Vetch himself sayd in great passion there never was such a damn'd nest of whigs as in Cork, and that they deserv'd to be extirpated, but what yet farther confirmed the design he was upon and what interst he serv'd was in detaching the four companys to garison Placentia when he had so great a choice out of some thousands and knew very well how much the garison of Annapolis had suffer'd by having so many Irish papists belonging to it who deserted over to the French while besieged, but was likewise convinced that the los of the garison of St. Johns in Newfoundland was mostly owing to the Irish papists who deserted to Placentia and gave them an account of the weak state of the Garison; notwithstanding of all which a great part of the men he detach'd in Ireland for the abovesd. garison of Placentia were Irish papists who fortunately went not so far, for the transports being put back to Lisbon many of them deserted there upon the account of their Religion as Capt. Haudy who hath the charge of Mr. Nicholson's own company wrote Mr. Vetch. And indeed Mr. Nicholson did not in the least conceal either his principals or errand for he not only reputed it a crime to drink the succession in the House of Hanover, a very acceptable one to the generality of that Country but us'd to swear in publick company's that who ever was not for indefeasible hereditary right were damn'd Whigs and enemy's to the Church and Crown; his violent natural temper which is a continu'd degree of madness together with his being intirely illiterate (having but lately larned to sign his name) made him expose his errand and designs in all companys, which he did not seem to hide was to serve the Pretenders and french interest; and tho' his temper and education had rendred him incapable of any political undertaking by his wisdom yet it had in som. . . . his madness; for by what I have hard came from some of his chief employers who being asked what they propos'd by sending such an ignorant madman abroad, it was answer'd he was very fit for the errand since by his madness and indiscretion he might irritate those people to committ some irregularitys as might prove a handle to forfeit their Charters, but God be thanked for their deliverance from such plots. Petitions as in preceding. 3 large pp. [C.O. 217, 1. Nos. 23, 23 i., ii.; and 218, 1. pp. 113–125.]
Dec. 20.
123. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following for their report. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. 21st Dec., 1714, Read 28th Feb., 17 14/15. 1 p. Enclosed,
123. i. Petition of Charles Henry Machier to the King. An old inhabitant of Placentia, petitioner persuaded his servants in the fishing trade to take the oath of allegiance to H.M. He himself then came to England to settle his trade with the British and to take the said oath. The Attorney General then informed him that petitioners house etc. at Placentia is properly the King's, and it is in the power of the British Governor to seize all the same for your Majesty, which will be his inevitable ruin. Prays for H.M. order, that he may return to Placentia with his vessel to take possession of all his said habitation, in order to carry on his fishing trade, and if any difficulty therein to have the liberty of selling it to any of H.M. subjects, according to the promise of Her late Majesty, etc. ¾ p. [C.O. 194, 5. Nos. 69, 69 i.; and 195, 6. pp. 20–22.]
[Dec. 22.]124. Col. Vetch to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reasons for settling the main coast of Nova Scotia with all imaginable speed. It is every way framed by nature to make one of the greatest and most flourishing settlements in all America. The soil is very rich and will produce everything that Great Britain will produce, besides timber for Naval Stores, etc. There is a multitude of noble harbours, and a vast quantity of cod, hake, pollock and haddock is at all times and for ever upon that coast, and farr exceeds Newfoundland in all respects, etc., etc. Endorsed, Recd. Read Dec. 22, 1714. 3½ closely written pp. [C.O. 217, 1. No. 21.]
Dec. 22.
St. James's.
125. H.M. Warrant renewing appointment of John Rayner as Attorney General of New York, "during our pleasure and his residence " there etc. Countersigned, James Stanhope. Endorsed, Recd. Read 6th Oct., 1715. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 5, 1051. No. 6; and 5, 190. pp. 40, 41.]
[Dec. 23.]126. Petition of William Cleeves to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Commander of the Gold and James of Poole, petitioner took a ladeing of salt to the Island of St. Peters in Newfoundland, and made a fishing voyage there last summer and was Admiral of the harbour. Finding himself agreived by the trading and fishing of severall French shipps that arrived at that harbour that fishing season from France contrary to the statute for encouraging the trade to Newfoundland, he at severall tymes by letters advised Lt. Governor Moody. He received from Capt. Taverner enclosed order from Lt. Governor Moody. On Aug. 30th he showed this to Taverner and told him that 42 hhds. of salt had been landed out of one Capt. Carlos shipp in that harbour, which belongs to France. Taverner replied it was by his order, as was also 80 hhds. loaded on board a shalloway to go to Placentia. Petitioner said it was to the great prejudice of the faire English traders and partickerly to him and his owners, for that he was forced to land 300 hhds. of his owners' salt for want of sale, although he had offered to sell it at 1¼ quintals per hhd. On Sept. 7th there was landed out of another French ship at St. Peter's 1,500 hhds. of salt, which the French commander said was for Capt. Taverner. Mons. Roger a French factor from France likewise told petitioner, Sept. 13th, that he had given Taverner 10 hhds. of fish oyle (which petitioner brought home consigned to Taverner) and was to give him 100 hhds. of salt, which petitioner avers was for conniving at Roger's shipping off the fish he had that season purchased with wine, brandy, etc. Encloses notes under Taverner's hand for money for surveighing the French inhabitants plantations (which had all taken the oaths of allegiance to H.M.) exacting from the owners 20s. for each boates room, of which they made great complaint to petitioner, etc., etc. Gives other instances of landing of French salt countenanced by Capt. Taverner. Prays that a stop be put to such unlawful proceedure by mercenary persons, which inflicts much damage on English traders, etc. Signed, Wm. Cleeves. Endorsed, Recd. Read 23rd Dec., 1714. 1 large p. Enclosed,
126. i. Lt. Governor Moody to Capt. Cleeves. Placentia, July, 3, 1714. I have sent Capt. Taverner to find out the French ships which you told me were fishing in some by places. He brings my order that no French ship shall breake bulks, sell any merchandize whatsoever, which I desire you will see put up publickly, they shall not carry any oyle away if English ships will purchase it of them, neither shall they do anything to the prejudice of the English ships or trade. And if any French ships do land any merchandize that you think is not an advantage to the English, I would have you seize it and send me word, etc. Signed, J. Moody. Copy. 1 p.
126. ii., iii. Copies of bills, referred to in covering letter, given by French inhabitants of Bonne Esperance to Capt. Taverner for surveying their plantations. Two slips.
126. iv. Fishing Admirals of St. Peters to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Complain of the fishing and trading of French ships, ut supra. St. Peters, Sept. 10, 1714. Signed, Wm. Cleeves, Admiral, P. Tupper, ViceAdmiral, Saml. Riggs, R. Ad. 1 p.
126. v.(a) Complaint by Wm. Cleeves, before the Vice and Rear Admiral, Sept. 1, 1714, that Capt. Taverner hindered his mate from receiving some fish from John Vildew (Ville-Dieu) of Grand Banck, Aug. 21, 1714, as a debt due to Capt. Cleeves. Capt. Taverner said he had power to do so, but refused to show it. Signed, P. Tupper, Saml. Biggs.
126. v. (b) Copy of acknowledgement of above debt. Signed, Jean Ville-Dieu. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 5. Nos. 55, 55 i.–v.]
[Dec. 23.]127. Capt. Cleeves scheme of the Fishery of the Island of St. Peter's, Newfoundland, 1714. Fishing ships, English 3, French 2. Sack Ships, English 1, French 2. Fish made by English ships, 3,300; French, 3,150; Inhabitants, 2,800, etc. Signed, Wm. Cleeves. Endorsed as preceding. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 194, 5. No. 56.]
Dec. 25.128. Petty expences of the Board of Trade, Michaelmas to Christmas, Stationer's and Post Office accounts, etc. [C.O. 388, 76. Nos. 182, 184, 186.]
Dec. 27.
129. Richard Harris to Mr. Popple. Encloses following. Signed, Ricd. Harris. Endorsed, Recd. 27th Dec., 1714, Read Jan. 7, 17 14/15. 1 p. Enclosed,
129. i. Christopher Hayne to Richard Harris. Encloses following papers relateing to the West India trade and cutting of logwood. By them it appears what ye sentiments of former times were thereon, setting forth that unless we had some tolerable security to traffick into those parts and satisfaction made for the severall seizures of ships and goods we should be pluck't into a war in ye West Indies, it being deem'd contrary to ye Treaty made for that part of the world betwixt ye two Crowns, and satisfaction seems to be insisted on even to ye granting letters of reprisal to the proprietors complaining if ye same was refused at Madrid. As to ye practice and right of cutting of logwood that appears to have been asserted and even a prior right of possession laid claime to some parts where the Spanyards have none and H.M. subjects have had long abode and residence. From what account these papers afford it may be supposed that ye great complaints made against ye Spanyards relateing to our tradeing and cutting of logwood mett with some redress and a tolerable security for ye future since from that time to ye breaking out of ye war which was about 30 years those greate complaints ceased. So that their and our clashing interests in those parts being reconciled thereon (which happening imediately after the Treaty) the same in some measure may be look't upon as part or effect thereof. The said treaty was the first (wholly new and short) made for that part of the world, a countrey then and long before look't on but as a comon waste, and different European nations meeting there claimed and disputed an equal right. Signed, Christopher Haynes. 1⅓ pp.
129. ii. The case of the proposall for preventing the French South Sea Trade from being carried on from France provided the English clandestine trade with the Spaniards in the West Indies be also prevented. (v. Oct. 28). By the articles of Peace France is debarred from tradeing in the South Sea, or otherwise then on the foot trade was carried on in the time of King Charles II.; whereby is meant the method of trade by the gallions and flota in which the English and other nations had their share. But there is noe provision made to debarr the English or all or any other nation from trading in the Spanish north sea where it hath been carried on by most European nations during all the time of King Charles II. and long before yet with great hazzard being subject to be made prize of and to be seized by all Spanish vessells they meet. And if measures were taken to prevent English from trading in that manner; the consequence would be that the English traders with their estates vessells and effects would remove to Cuirassoa under the Dutch or to St. Thomas under the Danes a free port to all nations and carry on the same trade from thence as they used to doe from our Collonies. If such an experiment should be made on our part 'twould be difficult ever hereafter to recover any share thereof againe, nor would it answer any purpose to exclude ourselves and suffer the trade to be carried on by other Nations. But while France is making this offer mutually to stop this pretended clandestine trade they have begun a constant regular trade from Spain itselfe directly to all the ports in the Spanish West Indies under licences granted in Spanish names to the subjects of France only; soe that there will be no occasion for gallions or flota to goe any longer nor any reason for the French to carry on clandestine trade in the South Sea when they can goe into all the ports in the North Sea with licence whereby the South Seas may be furnished in halfe the time and at a less expence then goeing about the Terra del Fuogo. But on our part noe licences are to be had and noe gallions goe, soe as we don't now bring home silver enough to carry on our East India trade, nor is there any hopes left us of any but by this pretended clandestine trade. Tis presumed that under the name of this clandestine trade is alsoe understood our logwood trade, against which, this proposall seems to be directly pointed, which is soe essentially necessary in dying our manufactures that it would be of the last and worst consequence to be deprived thereof, forasmuch as the Spaniards made us pay £100 per tun and upwards for it before we found it out and cut it ourselves which now costs us nothing but fetching, imploys a good number of ships and seamen and proves a great help in the ballance of trade abroad. The parting with this article would be to part with a limb from the body in respect to our woollen and other manufactures; for if dying becomes dear or difficult the manufactures do soe too, and our great rivals the French who would have licences for fetching this comodity would thereby be enabled in all respects to outdoe us in the colours of dyed goods, the art of dying a good colour often gaining preference over a bad in most comoditys. The three great articles in dying are logwood, cochineal and indigo without some of which in mixture scarce any comodity can be dyed especially for Turkey, Italy, Russia or for other countrys; all which will be in effect in the hands of France and the two first exclusive if we should part with the logwood cutting; as for indigo they infinitely outdoe our planters in Jamaica by that of Hispaniola and Guatimala, being much better and can have it for halfe what wee can by reason of the fruitfulness of the soil and tis well-known cochineal is noe where to be had but in Mexico and they may as well prevent the use of it to other nations as wee doe our wool soe that this proposall will wholly center in favour of France and prejudice to England, and the parting therewith would be giving away the substance for the shadow in regard we can hope for noe other then clandestine trade with the Spaniards in America it being wholly fallen into French hands in Europe. And it seems rather absolutely necessary to support this pretended clandestine trade and our logwood cutters who are near 2,000 men by all necessary methods then on any account whatever to give it up. 1¾ pp.
129. iii. Extract of letters written by Lord Arlington to Sir William Godolphin, Ambassador, at Madrid, giving an account of what Sir Tho. Lynch, Lt. Governor of Jamaica, wrote 1671–1674. (Cf. C.S.P. 1674, No. 1335, etc.) [C.O. 388, 17. Nos. 86, 86 i.–iii.; and 389, 24. pp. 501–514.]
Dec. 28.
130. Lord Townshend to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following. You are to enquire into the facts therein represented and report your opinion to be laid before His Majesty. Signed, Townshend. Endorsed, Recd. 30th Dec., 1714, Read 3rd Jan., 17 14/15. 1 p. Enclosed,
130. i. Petition of Governor Lowther to the King. Former Governors of Barbados appointed whom they thought fit to be their Secretaries, who received fees as salaries. Prays to be allowed to appoint his own. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 14. Nos. 28, 28 i.; and 29, 13. pp. 155–157.]
Dec. 29.
131. Council of Trade and Plantations to Lord Townshend. Enclose following etc,. We are preparing the necessary Instructions. Annexed,
131. i. Draft of a Commission for George Earl of Orkney to be Governor of Virginia. In the usual form. Westminster, March 10, 1714. [C.O. 5, 1364. pp. 66–88.]
Dec. 29.
132. Council of Trade and Plantations to Lord Townshend. Enclose following. We are preparing the necessary Instructions, etc. Annexed,
132. i. Draught of H.M. Commission to Governor Lord A. Hamilton to be Governor of Jamaica. In the usual form. Dated, Westminster Jan. 12th, 17 14/15. [C.O. 138, 14. pp. 146–165.]
Dec. 30.
133. Mr. Popple to Sir John Colleton. The Board desires to speak with you upon your former objections to Mr. John Colleton (v. Dec. 9th). [C.O. 29, 13. p. 154.]
Dec. 30.
134. Council of Trade and Plantations to Lord Townshend. Immediately upon the receipt of your Lordship's letter of the 22nd inst., we apply'd ourselves to consider of the draught of Instructions for Mr. Methuen there enclos'd, and finding it necessary to consult the merchants upon several matters, and they desiring time to answer matters of such importance, we have again writ to them to make all possible dispatch, etc. Autograph signatures. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 4. No. 6.]