America and West Indies
October 1716

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1930

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182-193

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'America and West Indies: October 1716', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 29: 1716-1717 (1930), pp. 182-193. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73997 Date accessed: 22 October 2014.


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Contents

October 1716

Oct. 2.348. Governor Hunter to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. Replies to letters of 15th and 22nd March and 30th May as well as his heavy indisposition will allow. The Province lies under the deepest obligations of gratitude to the Board for their regard to their interest and their care in what relates to the Naturalization Act. He warned its projectors that they were rendering it liable to objection or repeal. The present Assembly, the best he has seen here, will, he believes, pass another Act not liable to those objections, etc. Mr. David Jamison is the same person as that mentioned by Lord Bellomont, who was however grossly imposed upon as to his character. Gives his history and character. It is to his art and management that is owed chiefly any legal establishment they have there for the Church of England, etc. Can only explain the disappointment from the trees prepared for tar by supposing that they were pierced contrary to instructions in the inward rind by an unskilful and unruly multitude. The country contains pine woods enough to answer the uses of all navigation by England and the pine-trees are full of turpentine. But after the disappointments he has met with, he cannot advise renewing the project until they have persons skilled in the method of preparing the trees as in the East country etc. Sends as exact a map and an explanatory index of the country about the Lakes as he could get made. The place where he proposes a fort is the great carrying place or Fort Nicholson, because of the easy communication with the other forts, and the neighbourhood of the pine woods and mast woods. If necessity require, another may then be built later at the entry of the Lakes with greater ease. It will not be easy to carry through a bill for a second resumption of lands, though many of those resumed by the former Act were held by less extravagant grants than many which were left. If the Act for the better settlement and assuring of lands in this Colony, passed in 1710, were annulled, it would pave the way for the other. It is apparent that extravagant tracts of land being held by single persons unimproved is the true cause that this Province does not increase in numbers of inhabitants in proportion to some of the neighbouring ones. Encloses Acts passed during the last Session. Samuel Mullford is embarked for London. He is the only mutineer at present in the Province and has in all administrations flown in the face of Government and has ever and alone disputed with the Crown the right of whale-fishing. Judgment has been given against him in the Supreme Court. He is now under prosecution for publishing a false scandalous and malicious libel, containing false and unjust reflections on the Government, as it was voted by the House of Representatives, (enclosed). Refers to Minutes of Council, etc. Accounts of the Revenue will be sent next week. Printed, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 477. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. 10th Dec., 1716, Read 14th Nov., 1717. 9½ pp. Edges rubbed. Enclosed,
348. i. Samuel Mulford's speech to the Assembly at New York against settling a duty for the support of the Government, April 2, 1714. Signed, S. Mulford. Endorsed as preceding. Printed. 7½ pp.
348. ii. Bishop of London to David Jamison. Fulham, 24th Oct., 1710. Expresses gratitude for his good services to the Church, etc. Signed, H. London. Same endorsement. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1051. Nos. 34, 34 i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 5, 1123. pp. 466–479.]
Oct. 2.
New York.
349. Governor Hunter to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. This relates to the affairs of the Jerseys. After Mr. Cox with his associates was expelled from the House of Representatives, upon information that he and his emissaries were carrying papers privately round the Provinces for subscriptions, the Governor and Council ordered their arrest, whereupon they fled the Province etc. Cox with Bustill, a very mean wretch, but his chief instrument, is now sailed for England. Suggests that Mr. Cox and Mr. Sonmans, who have fled from justice, should be sent back to be tried in the Province, before any complaints are received from their hands. He himself is ready to answer the strictest enquiries into his administration. Has issued a Proclamation for the Assembly to meet at Burlington, for since the removal of that Boute-feu, the Country is quiet. Believes he will have a good session there. Encloses the only Act passed last session, to enforce the payment of publick taxes, Mr. Cox and his associates having ever refused to pay their taxes. His party have hardly paid one farthing without being distrained. Has ordered the Treasurer to transmit accounts of the Revenue, which he will send, etc. Printed, N.J. Archives, 1st Ser. IV. 260. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. 10th Dec., 1716, Read 27th Nov., 1717. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 971. No. 27; and 5, 995. pp. 365–368.]
Oct. 3.
Antigua.
350. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letters of 30th May and 15th June. Continues: I shall according to your Lordships' order, direct the proper officers throughout the severall Islands, that they abstract all minutes of Councill and Assemblys, as well as the Acts, and put them in the margents. I am verry much obliged to your Lordships for so timely recommending the sending of a man of war, which by Mr. Burchett's letter, I see may be expected verry soone, till then am still a sort of a prissoner, as for giving your Lordships a particular accoumpt of pirates, that is hardly possible, for they are sometimes seen for some days, and then shift theire stations, the great one that was in these seas, just before I arrived, was a ship of 36 guns, the Capt. a French man, the ship's crew (as I was informed) were of most all nations, the last that was seen, was to the windward part of this Island, when ever I can learne any particulars, I shall not faile to informe your Lordships thereof as soone as possible. As to the Virgine Islands, refers to 14th April etc. When a man of war arrives, shall soone after visitt those Islands, and then I shall be able to give a more particular acct. etc. As to the Governours of Anguilla and Spanish towne, they have no appoyntment at all, and are always made by the Governour in chiefe out of the best of the inhabitants and are under the direction of the Governour in chiefe of these H.M. Islands, from whom they receive theire Commissions and Instructions, and it is sometimes with dificulty to gett one that's tolerable fitt amongst them to take the command upon them, they being but a handfull of people, as your Lordships may perceive by the inclosed list of the inhabitants and slaves upon Anguilla, which I beleve has more people and slaves upon it, then all the rest of the other litle Islands, the acct. of wch. I have not yett received, but shall send as soone as possible after it com's up, the produce of these Islands is chiefly in raising of small stock, and some little quantity of cotton, had these people incouragement given to them, by giving them small tracts of land in the former French part of St. Christophers, and ordered to remove up there, I am of opinion it would prove vastly for H.M. servis, and the strengtening of all the other chiefe Islands, for now they are almost useless, and of verry little advantage to the Crowne, etc. P.S. I herewith send an Act to explaine part of the Militia Act for St. Christophers etc. Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 24th Nov., 1716, Read 5th April, 1717. 2 pp. Enclosed,
350. i., ii. Duplicates of No. 425 iv.
350. iii. List of inhabitants of Anguilla, Totals:—Men, 89; women, 103; children, 342; negroes, 820; working negroes, 514. Endorsed as letter. 4 pp. [C.O. 152, 11. Nos. 56, 56 i.–iii.; and (without enclosures) 153, 13. pp. 13–16.]
Oct. 3.
Placentia.
351. Lt. Governor Moody to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The miserable cercomstances which H.M. Garrison here is in, for want of their cloathing, being allmost quite naked, and all the fortifications, barracks, and houses, being in a manner quite open to the attacks of an enymy, and to the injuries of the severe cold winters, which makes me humbly supplicate your Lordships' favourable interposition in their behalfe for a speedy removeall of their miseries, by a proper supply of clothing, pay, and mony, for to provide them with beer and fire and candle etc.: and that the fortifications and barracks may be put into repair, which if they are not speedyly, it will be out of my power any longer to hinder a total disolution of the garrison, and what bad effect, that may have upon the trade of Newfoundland, by giveing the French at Cape Brittoon and Cannada incouragement to instigate the savages to overrun this country in the winter, I humbly submitt to your Lordships' better judgment, humbly acquainting your Lordships that I am pritty assured that the French and savages at Cannada have such a project in agitation, for they know how this garrison and fortifications, has been, and still is, neglected since I oblidged them to quit this Collony, whilst they spare neither cost, nor trouble to fortifie Cape Brittoon in three places, etc. Signed, J. Moody. Endorsed, Recd. 29th, Read 31st Oct., 1716. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 18; and 195, 6. pp. 292, 293.]
Oct. 10.
Jamaica.
352. Peter Heywood, Commander in Chief of Jamaica, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I send herewith coppy of the Minutes of Councill, to the going away of Lord A. Hamilton in H.M.S. Bedford, Capt. Thomas Lyell, who set sayle from Port Royall Keys 21st Sept., since which nothing very material has offered only complaints of masters of vessells that have been taken coming from H.M. Northern Plantations whose depositions I have laid before the Assembly and recommended the matter to their care on the 5th instant. I presume to inclose a letter sent by one of these poor men that were taken from one of the most audacious villains that is on board those pyrates, which I am inform'd are now three and for the most part have hitherto layn between the east end of the Island and the narrow of the Windward passage. The Assembly met 17th Sept. and have satt close to buisness being very unanimous in all their resolutions and I have no reason to doubt but they will continue so for the generall good of the Island and the honour of his sacred Majesty being in generall gentlemen of the best estates in the Island and truely well-affected to H.M. and his Government. No bill having yet past, I thought it needless to trouble yr. Lordships with the Minuits but as I think the session will be but short, so I hope by the next ship to send coppys of all our proceedings. Signed, Peter Heywood. Endorsed, Recd. 21st Dec., 1716, Read 9th Jan. 1716/17;. 1 p. Enclosed,
352. i. Stephen Smith to H.E. Peter Heywood. I was obliged to leave the Island on the account of the accident that happened, and now am forced to go a pirateing for to gett a living which is much against my will. Could I but have pardon, I would directly come in, and bring a great many more English men along with me, etc. Signed, Stephen Smith. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 12. Nos. 23, 23 i.; and (without enclosure) 138, 15. pp. 173–175.]
Oct. 10.
Whitehall.
353. Mr. Secretary Methuen to Governor Hunter. Having laid before H.R.H. a memorial in your behalf, which was put into my hands by Mr. Bampfield your Agent, in which it is desired that you should have leave to be absent for some time from your Governmt., and to come hither, I am to acquaint you that though H.M. service in those parts cannot allow of your being long absent, yet in regard that your presence here seems necessary for your own private affairs, H.R.H. has been graciously pleased to condescend to your request and to allow you to be absent for eight months. H.R.H. has that confidence in your good conduct, and your zeal for H.M. service, that he does not doubt, but that you will give the proper directions for the administration of the Government during your absence, etc. Signed, P. Methuen. Annexed,
353. i. Warrant of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, Guardian of the Kingdom, Hampton Court, Oct. 9th, 1716, granting Governor Hunter leave to come to Great Britain for eight months, as well for the recovery of his health as to settle some private affairs of his own, etc. Countersigned, P. Methuen. Copy. [C.O. 5, 190. pp. 372, 373.]
Oct. 10.354. Mr. Solicitor General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have considered the Act of Barbadoes to dock the intail limitted on a certain plantation scituate in the parish of St. Michael, and to enable Thomas Somers to sell the same, etc., and am humbly of opinion that the said Tho. Somers being seised of an estate tail, in the said plantation and negroes, with the reversion in fee, expectant thereon to himself, the passing of an Act to dock that intail, and to vest the estate in himself in fee simple, to pay his debts and to make provision for his family, is just and reasonable; and no more than what is done constantly in England by fine and recovery; and Acts of the like nature have been often pass'd in Barbadoes. Signed, J. Fortescue Aland. Endorsed, Recd. 15th, Read 31st Oct., 1716. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 14. No. 56; and 29, 13. pp. 343, 344.]
Oct. 16.355. Mr. Solicitor General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to 24th May. I have considered of the Act of Antigua to enable Andrew Murray, etc., and am humbly of opinion, that Elizabeth Murray, being seized of an estate tail, in the moiety of a plantation there, by the will of John Drew, with a remainder over to Jno. Baxter in fee and simple, the passing of an Act to dock that intail, and to bar the remr., in order to make the family easy, and to secure fortunes to the daughters of the said Eliz. Murray by her former husband, and to preserve the estate of her eldest son, is just and reasonable; and what might be done in England, if the lands lay there, by fine and recovery, without being oblig'd (as this Act does) to secure the £2,000 fortune to the said daughters, which is both prudent and honourable in her who is to dock this entail. Signed, J. Fortescue Aland. Endorsed, Recd. 18th, Read 31st Oct., 1716. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 11. No. 25; and 153, 12. pp. 456, 457.]
Oct. 16.
Whitehall.
356. Council of Trade and Plantations to H.R.H. George Prince of Wales, Guardian of the Kingdom etc. and H.M. Lieut. within the same. Reply to 13th Sept. Having received a good character of Mr. Keith, we have no objection against your Royal Highness' approbation of him accordingly; security being first given for his observing the Acts of Trade and Navigation as in the like cases; and provided Mr. Penn do renew the declaration made by him relating to H.M. right to the 3 Lower Counties. [C.O. 5, 1293. pp. 29, 30.]
Oct. 16.357. (a) Thomas Pitt to Mr. Secretary Methuen (cf. Sept. 24). The disorder and defenceless state of Jamaica may be justly attributed to (1) the Assembly's disregarding the King's letters and instructions etc., and in a manner assuming the executive part of the Government. (2) To the Assembly's not providing an additional subsistance to the two Independant Companies or supplying the Revenue with money etc. (3) To their not making laws for the better encouragement of white people to come and settle, but framing such as would suspend those of much greater encouragement than the laws they offer. (4) From some persons solliciting subscriptions, and thereby raising money and sending it to England to sollicit, as pretended, the affairs of the Island, but in reality to support a faction against a Governor and Council. (5) From the Agents of such persons taking opinions and transmitting them to Jamaica of lawyers on points determin'd already by the Government here, such as the powers of Assemblys to adjourn themselves, for what time they please, without leave of the Govr. and that the Council have no right to mend money bills etc., which can tend to no other end than to keep up party and division to distress the Government, and make Govrs. uneasy at the pleasure of unreasonable men. (6) From the want of a greater number of white people and ships of war etc. as No. 344, i. For remedy whereof 'its humbly propos'd that the Govr. be instructed concerning the following points. (1) Upon the Assembly's declaring they have a power to adjourn themselves without leave of the Governor for what time they think fit. (2) Upon their declaring the Council have no right to mend money bills. (3) Upon their appointing other persons, than the Receivor Genl. to collect publick moneys. (4) Concerning the better subsistance of the soldiers in case the Assembly do not provide for them. (5) To recommend to the Assembly concerning any debt may be owing any persons who have advanc'd money for the better subsistance of the soldiers. (6) Concerning the other debts of the Govt. unprovided for. (7) That the Treasury be duly supply'd with money for the support and honour of the Government or that a Revenue be setled equal to the annual expence of the Government, which is computed at £6000 pr. annum and the present setled Revenue not to amount to £4000. (8) Concerning the encouragement of white people to come and settle. (9) That lands and houses may be extended to the payment of debts. (10) That neither Councillor or Assembly man be allow'd any protection, unless in his person from suit at law. (11) Concerning the raising of money by subscriptions in the Island to manage as it's term'd the affairs of that country in England. (12) That persons may not be appointed of the Council without being very well known and recommended. (13) That ships of war be sent to the Island and to be under the direction of the Govr. during their stay in those parts, and that care be taken that they be reliev'd by others when recall'd. (14) That the Acts pass'd in Jamaica, and not yet confirm'd by the Crown may be taken into consideration, either confirm'd or disapprov'd before the departure of the Governor. (15) That the Govr. be impower'd to appoint the Clerk and other officers attending the Assembly. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Secy. Methuen) Read 16th Oct., 1716. 3¾ pp.
(b) Copy of clauses from Governors' Commissions and Instructions relating to the suspension and appointment of Councillors, which have been found inconvenient (by Governor Spotswood etc.) Endorsed as preceding. 2¼ pp.
(c) Governor Lord A. Hamilton to Mr. Secretary Stanhope. Jamaica, 12th June, 1716. Duplicate of letter to Council of Trade, June 12, with additions:— Whatever clamours the partyzans of this Assembly have endeavour'd to raise, it will demonstratively appear by the Representation of the Council (v. June 12), that nothing has been asked or endeavour'd by me but for the security and wellfare of this Island, in conformity to H.M. Royall Letter and Instructions, and that no supplys have been offer'd by the Assembly or any bills prepar'd by them but in direct opposition to those Instructions, and clog'd in such a manner that it was impossible to accept them, without giving up that authority which H.M. has been pleas'd to intrust with His Governor and Council. And yet these very men who had not themselves shown the least duty to H.M., and whose very Act the most plausible for Loyalty, their Schism Bill, as it well may be cal'd, as they had past it, without the amendments of the Council, plainly discover'd the same principalls which had lately been made use of by the enemys of our Constitution to weaken us, had the insolence in order to provoke me to a desolution of them, to send me a message by three of their Members, one of them a profest Jacobite, calling in question my loyalty, which message I treated with that resentment and contempt I thought it deserv'd. When I acquaint you, Sir, that the Leaders of those men (whatever their pretences are now) suffer'd their joy to eclat formerly upon the change of that Ministry, which had once rais'd, and are now retrieving the Glory of the British Nation; when you are inform'd that those men joyn'd with Sr. Hovenden Walker, and Mr. Keith in their unjustifyable proceedings here; and by their recommandations in opposition to me, mett with so much countinance from some of the then Board of Trade, that my complaints against them, but procur'd them favours, whilst it was then made a crime against me, that I favour'd particular men, who have allways most remarkably distinguished themselves for the Protestant Succession; And when the proceedings of this Assembly are consider'd and found of a piece with those I submitt whether too much cause has not been given, for suspecting disaffection to His Majesty, but I will be more just to this Country notwithstanding all the violence of their late Representatives, then to accuse them in generall of Jacobitism, on the contrary I hope there are not many amongst us, and I'm sory there shou'd have been any in that body of men; their leaders however must be answerable, or assign some other rationall cause of their proceedings. After what I have said I think it is my duty to name Mr. Beckford, who is the chief, and allmost absolute Leader, for who's character I beg leave to referr you to the accots. given of him by my predecessor Major Genll. Handasyde. This is the person I complained of to the Queen's late Ministry, but had no other effect from it, then his obtaining a new place in the Customs, and copys of my letters were had here, and handed about the Country long before I had obtain'd any answers to them; which has enabled them to create me much of the opposition they have since made. I must acknowledge with thanks since H.M. happy accession to the Crown I have had a very different treatment from that Board, and indeed all the support I desired; two Gentlemen having been at my request removed from the Council, one of them since Speaker to the late Assembly, whether their conduct in that Assembly do's not verify the character I gave of them to that Board, I submitt to their determination. In short Sir our misfortune here both with respect to the King's service, and that of the Island which are indeed but one is, that there are but very few men amongst us, who discern the tendency of their own proceedings, or are capable of judging of their own true interest, and yet are much more positive and violent then in colder climates; and as there is no one person in an Assembly, who is either an officer of the Crown, or has any particular dependance upon it, and by their assuming a right to tax all the King's officers here at pleasure whereby they draw of in great measure even the officers' service from the Crown, or at least much abate that zeal that is incumbent on them to show, it is easy for two or three designing and ambitious men, to render themselves popular by their opposition to Government, especially in the Article of giving money, and this opposition must be unavoidably of very ill consequence where not only the extraordinarys, but even the ordinary support of the Government, needs their annuall assistance. Endorsed as preceding. Enclosed,
(d) Copy of Governor Lord A. Hamilton's Commission to the sloop Eagle, Capt. John Wills, for taking pirates. St. Jago de la Vega, Nov. 21st, 1715. Signed, A. Hamilton. Enclosed in preceding. 1½ pp.
(e) Copy of Instructions for preceding. Same date, signature and endorsement. 2 pp.
(f) Copy of form of bonds taken for vessels commissioned as above. Signed, J. Wills and two others. 1½ pp.
(g) Copy of letter from the Marquis de Cassa Torres, Governor of the Havana, to Governor Lord A. Hamilton. Havana, Jan. 3, 1716 (N.S.). Complains of depredations committed by British subjects. Cf. May 19, Nos. i. and iii. Signed, El Marqs. de Cassa Torres. Same endorsement. Spanish. Copy. 1¼ pp.
(h) Governor Lord A. Hamilton to the Governor of the Havana. Jamaica, 27th Feb., 1716. The matters complained of in your letter preceding and a Memorial of Capt. D". Juan del Valle (v. May 19) has been under inquiery before me in a Council of State of this Island etc. We all declare the uttmost detestation of the hostilities and depredations said to be committed etc. I had an oppertunity of giving an early instance of my sincerity and readiness strictly to observe the Treatys of Peace and Commerce upon occasion of a descent upon Hispaniola just after the suspension of arms, and before it was known to the persons making that descent, for which I caused full satisfaction to be rendered in two days after complaint etc. I was very much surprized when upon a like application some little time after to the severall Governments of Cuba in behalf of one of his Britannic Majesty's subjects on the north side of this Island who was robbed and plundered by the subjects of his Catholick Majesty and noe satisfaction could be obtained which cannot be unknown to your Excellency, the person aggreived having personally attended you with letters from myself. So that the Spaniards being the first aggressors I conceive they should be the first to give satisfaction, at least it is highly reasonable that the satisfaction to be made should be reciprocall. As to such part of the Flota ship wreckt on the coast of Florida, as remained in the possession of the subjects of his most Catholick Majesty, of which it is pretended they were dispossessed, I do admitt that the dispossessors are robbers and ought to be treated as such, but conceive such part of the said Flota (if any) lying derelict from which the subjects of his Catholick Majesty were not drove and forced out of possession, belonged to the first occupant. I do likewise admitt that restitution ought to be made to the subjects of his Catholick Majesty, for their losses sustained by hostilities committed on them by the subjects of his Brittanick Majesty since the first suspense of arms. In answer to the memorial presented to me by Dn. Juan del Valle, it was offered to his consideration whether the prosecuting the officers and mariners belonging to the two vessells complained off, or issuing such proclamation as is desired in the said Memoriall may not probably deterr others that are still out, and may have been upon the wrecks from returning to this Island, and be a means of putting them upon desperate attempts of more pernitious consequence to the Crown of Spain, and whether deterring prosecution untill the return of all or most part of the vessells suspected to have committed any unlawful act, may not upon that account be most adviseable, but left him to his own liberty to take such measures against the subjects of his Britannick Majesty in this Island for the satisfaction of the King of Spain and his subjects for all hostilities committed on them as by the laws of Great Brittaine and this Island are prescribed. Don Juan declined insisting on any criminall prosecution, alledging that in case of any such consequences happening, the blame might be imputed to him, and desired such measures for satisfaction should be taken as were just and reasonable. But as to the restitution to His Brittanick Majesty's subjects, he knew noe other way but by applying to the Court of Spain, etc. I am obliged to represent to your Excellency, the almost dayly robberys and hostilitys committed on the subjects of his Brittannick Majesty passing the seas on their lawfull occasions to and from this Island by Spanish vessells said to have Commissions for guarding their coasts from Trinidado to other Spanish ports. I cannot but expect that your Excellency will give such effectuall orders as may prevent further irregularitys of that nature, by vessels fitted out from any ports within the extent of your Government, as on my part I shall do the like, etc. I cannot but insist with the most pressing instance I am able, that reciprocall satisfaction and restitution be made for the damages sustained from hostilitys committed on either side which on our parts we shall be ready and willing to enter upon, etc. Signed, A. Hamilton. Same endorsement. Copy. 2¾ pp. [C.O. 137, 12. Nos. 3–10; and ((a) and (c) only) 138, 15. pp. 1–26.]
Oct. 17.358. Mr. Solicitor General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to Sept. 13. I have consider'd of the said Act of Jamaica, which is for ye confirmation of a family agreemt., (stated) and is reasonable to pass into a law etc. Signed, J. Fortescue Aland. Endorsed, 18th, Read 31st Oct., 1716. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 12. No. 12; and 138, 15. pp. 16, 17.]
Oct. 24.359. Thomas Onslow to Mr. Popple. Encloses following to be laid before the Council of Trade and Plantations. Signed, Tho. Onslow. Endorsed, Recd. 24th Oct., Read 2nd Nov., 1716. ½ p. Enclosed,
359. i. Extract of letter from Mr. Bowes to Mr. Onslow, Jamaica, Aug., 1716. The changing of the Council has been a great check to all business of the Island, and seems to have been pois'd by a very nice hand; for as they now stand, there is five to five, in one classe are Messieurs Chaplin, Blair, Risby, Beckford, Bennet; in the other, Rose, Barnard, Peeke, Mumby, Broderick; and upon the question of calling an Assembly, the division was equal; so that His Excellency the Governor, was put to determine it, and the writs are out accordingly. This equality has occasion'd many differences, etc., and keeps up a spirit of discontent and opposition amongst them. The enquiry into the late depredations and irregularities at sea, will be so far from remedying the evil, that it will rather encrease it, and the attempt of taking up some of the piratical sailors has so alarm'd the rest that it seems they are gone off in swarms, whereby what was done before, by encouragement or accident, will now, 'tis doubted, be done under an apprehension or pretence of necessity; on the other hand, the Spaniards and French continue to make so great and continual depredations by taking and killing us, that no merchant ship that puts to sea, but seems to need more than an insurance. Very lately some of these Capers took four or five loaded sloops coming from New York and that way, and carried them into Trinedado, the great receptacle of these pirates. The Assiento has, inter alia, rais'd negroes to 35 and £40 pr. head. The goods carried to New Spain, and the irregularities, hostilities etc. mutually committed by them and us, have ruin'd all commerce. Remittances home carry away our heavy mony, and the trade of indico, cocoa, French wine and brandy (for want of a better) run away with our light; so that this Inquisition with the other disadvantages, will in a good measure finish the fate of the Island. The most considerable of our planters are daily leaving us, our merchants and factors that can, are doing the same. Many of our sailors have been engag'd in things unwarrantable, and most of them, I doubt, are like to do so, if speedy care be not taken. The Spaniards etc. watch us so, that there is no stirring in safety out of the Island; within is this inquirendum; and people are sent for every day, and committed till they give security to appear when e're call'd before the Governor and Council, and to follow, is something, we know not what;—And this is our wretched condition. If it be as our merchants affirm, and say, they can make appear, that the Spaniards have injured us to a much greater value than we have them, it may be ask'd to what purpose this inquiry ? which for ought yet appears, is like to be but on one side. I hear of no inquiry into our losses etc. Besides, the evil encreases, which three or four cruizers wou'd have put a much more effectual stop to, than what is a doing etc. I can see no full and effectual end of these things, but the restoring some trade to Jamaica, or gaining some new advantages for it. Without one or the other, men must either desert the country (which all will not do) or they will lye under a strong temptation of taking unwarrantable methods to get mony. 3⅓ pp. [C.O. 137, 12. Nos. 12, 12 i.; and 138, 15. pp. 29–34.]
Oct. 25.360. William Penn's declaration concerning H.M. claim to the Three Lower Counties. I underwriten do by these presents declare and promise that the King's Royal approbation and allowance of Wm. Keith Esq. to be deputy Governor of Pensylvania and the three Lower Counties upon de la Ware River, shall not be construed in any maner to diminish or set aside the right claim'd by the Crown to the said three Lower Counties in witness wherof I have herunto set my hand and seal this twenty fifth of 8br. 1716. Signed, W. Penn. Endorsed, Recd. Read 22nd Nov., 1716. Sealed. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 42; and 5, 1293. p. 36.]
Oct. 26.
Hampton Court.
361. Warrant of H.R.H., the Prince of Wales, Guardian of the Kingdom, appointing Francis Coleman Clerk of the Crown in Jamaica, in the room of James Woodhouse, decd. [C.O. 5, 190. p. 375.]
Oct. 31.
Whitehall.
362. Council of Trade and Plantations to H.R.H. The Prince of Wales, Guardian of the Kingdom. Recommend for the Royal assent Act of Jamaica to confirm an agreement between Olivia Read, etc. (v. Sept. 13). [C.O. 138, 15. pp. 28, 29.]
Oct. 31.
Whitehall.
363. Same to Same. Recommend for the Royal approbation Act of Barbados for docking intail etc. (v. Oct. 10). [C.O. 29, 13. pp. 344, 345.]
Oct. 31.
Whitehall.
364. Same to Same. Recommend for the Royal assent Act of Antigua to enable Andrew Murray etc. (v. Sept. 27). [C.O. 153, 12. pp. 457, 458.]
Oct. 31.
Whitehall.
365. Mr. Popple to Mr. Attorney General. Encloses, for his opinion in point of law, two Acts of Nevis (i) 1714, to oblige all persons to give in a list of their negroes upon oath, etc., and (ii) 1715, for raising and making a fortification on Saddle Hill. [C.O. 153, 12. pp. 458, 459.]
Oct. 31.
Whitehall.
366. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Methuen. On the 29th June and 7th July, 1715, we writt to Mr. Secretary Stanhope relating to the ill state and condition which the Garrisons at Annapolis Royal and Placentia were in at that time, etc. Enclose copy of Lt. Governor Moody's letter, Oct. 3, "whereby you will see to what straits the garrison of Placentia is reduced and the danger of a total desertion if some speedy directions be not given for their support." [C.O. 195, 6. pp. 291, 292.]