America and West Indies
March 1717

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1930

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263-280

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'America and West Indies: March 1717', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 29: 1716-1717 (1930), pp. 263-280. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74004 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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Contents

March 1717

March 1.
Antigua.
484. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to enclosures. As soon as Abijah Savage gave me intelligence of the capture of his sloop by a couple of pirates (v. Dec. 14, 1716), I dispatched an express to the Governour of Barbados, desiring he would order H.M. ship attending that station to cruize among these Islands for some time, in order to disperse those vermine if possible as well as to secure the Trade in these parts, and at the same time I gave an account to Capt. Hume (Commander of the Scarborough then on the said station) of the pirates being in these seas, and urged the necessity of his proceeding in quest of them, the which he with great chearfulness undertook, and on 4th Jan. last arrived here, whereupon I immediatly ordered an officer, with 40 of H.M. troops on board, the better to enable Capt. Hume to secure his ship, and to annoy the pirates in case he met them (the Captain having first represented to me that he was not only reduced to his lowest complement of men, but had actually some of them then sick on board) whereupon he immediatly went to the places where he thought it was most likely to meet them, and accordingly on the 15th day of the same month he had the good fortune to find some of them in the harbour of St. Cruix, with a ship and a sloop, the latter of which was sunk by Capt. Hume in the said harbour on his first arrival there, whereupon the pirates got some guns a shoar on each side of the harbour, and fired abundance of shot at the man of warr, but she sustaining no damage, the Captain was resolved to push forward, which the pirates perceiving got under sail with their ship being a fine galley of about 26 guns designing to have fought their way through, but as she was coming out of the harbour she run a ground, whereupon they set fire to the ship, and retired to the woods, saving about 20 odd who made their escape by favour of the night in a small sloop they had taken and carryed with them belonging to these Islands, with which they went through the shoals, and narrow passages where the man of war could not go, so that Capt. Hume had not the good fortune to get any of the men or anything belonging to the pirates saving a little of the rigging with the sloops mast, and about 6 or 8 negroes that they had taken from some Guinia man, which they had formerly met with but to whom she belonged or where bound he could not learn. There were some other English vessels Capt. the pirates had taken, and carried into St. Cruix the which Capt. Hume released, and restored to the respective masters or owners who happened to be there with them, and I must do him the justice to say, that nothing on his part has been wanting to comply with his duty in endeavoring not only to destroy their vessels but even to take their men, but their retiring to the woods made it impracticable, so that he was obliged to come away and leave them on the Island from whence we are informed that they have since been taken off by the sloop commanded by Bellamy who is now in a ship of 26 guns, and has with him a sloop of 14 guns more, besides which by what we can learn there are two or three other pirates in these seas so that they are now become very formidable by which means the man of war appointed for this station will be able to do but little service when she comes being but a small sixth rate, wherefore I must beg your Lordships will be pleased to lay before H.M. the necessity of having a better ship, appointed for the service of this station and withall that it will be necessary to have her immediately dispatched, not knowing how soon those fellows may attempt to make some outrages upon the inhabitants of some of the Islands, they appearing frequently not only on the coast of several of the small Islands, but even among the French Islands that are to windward of this place. I have been detained in this Island ever since the month of Aprill last for want of a man of warr to carry me to the other parts of the Government, so that I cannot at present give your Lordships any perfect account of affaires there, but as soon as the man of warr arrives I intend down amongst them, and then I shall not fail to inform your Lordships of everything that occurs to me, which I believe may be for the interest of H.M. or the service of this Colony. Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 24th, Read 30th April, 1717. 2¾ pp. Enclosed,
484. i. Duplicate of No. 425 iii.
484. ii. Deposition of Simon Slocum, William Knock, Paul Gerrish, John Tuffton and Thomas Porter, Feb. 28th, 1716. On 30th Nov. being in the harbour of Triste in the Bay of Campechia with the vessels in the annex'd list, there came to the said Bay three Spanish ships of warr, one fire ship, three sloops of warr etc., commanded by Don Alonso Phe. de Andrade, to whom (after enclosed correspondence) they were obliged to surrender their ships and themselves were made prisoners until 15th Dec., at which time they departed in a sloop with a passport from Don Alonso, and, resolving to put into the first English port they could make, arrived at Antigua 17th Feb. After the arrival of the Spanish vessells at the harbour of Triste there came severall other vessells belonging to the English to the Bay of Campechia which were likewise taken and the Captains with their men made prisoners by the Spanish force, althô the said English vessells had not traded or done anything besides coming to an anchor without the Bar. Signed, Simon Slocum, Jno. Alden, jr., Nathl. Mason, Will. Knock, Paul Gerrish, John Tuffton, Tho. Porter. 1¾ pp.
484. iii. List of vessels surrendered in the Bay of Campechia, 30th Nov., 1716. 12 ships (5 New Englandmen, 3 English, 1 Barbadian, 1 Scottish, 2 Dutch); 8 sloops (4 New Englandmen, 1 New York, 1 Jamaican, 1 Barbadian, 1 Dutch). Taken over the Barr Triste, 2 New Englandmen, 1 English, 1 Dutch (loaded).
484. iv. Senr. Majr. Don Alonson Phe. de Andrade, 29th Nov., 1716, to the masters of ships in the Bay of Campechy. Forasmuch as I am dispatch't here by H.E. Marquis de Vallero Vice-King of Governour and Capt. Generall of New Spain to depopulat and devast the Laguna Termina and replenish the same with the forces of his most Catholick Majesty, I exhort all the inhabitants of the Laguna Termina and of the Island of Triste to deliver up your arms to the King my master whom in the name of my King, I pardon by an act of grace from him; if not, you shall be deemed as pirates and suffer the law of arms, for you to live in a place, which belongs unto me and of so much consequence seems as if there were nothing in New Spain etc. Signed, Ifflonso Phe. de Andrade. Copy. ¾ p.
484. v. Masters of ships in the Bay of Campechia to Don Alonso Phe. de Andrade. We think your Excellency's proposals very hard as being subjects to the King of Great Britain, and we desire a pass for our ships and goods, and will willingly resign you the Island of Triste and the Laguns, or else we are resolved to maintain our libertys and fortunes for we are no ways pirates but have lawfull clearances etc., which is the needfull at present from etc. Signed, Ebenr. Wentworth and 13 others. Copy. 1 p.
484. vi. Don Alonso Phe. de Andrade to the masters of ships in the Harbour of Triste. 29th Nov., 1716. Reply to preceding. I am resolved to enforce my Master's commands by force of arms etc., but will grant you a vessell to carry you to British Dominions etc. Signed, Ifflonso Phe. de Andrade. Copy. 1 p.
484. vii. Masters of ships in the Harbour of Triste to Don Alonso Phe. de Andrade. Reply to preceding. We accept your proposals, etc., if granted a ship of 300 tuns with provisions to carry us and the prisoners now in your possession and all our men within a limited time for our departure with our chests, cloaths, bedding and books etc. Signed, Ebenr. Wentworth and 15 others. Copy. 1 p.
484. viii. Don Alonso Phe. de Andrade to Masters of ships in the Harbour of Triste. 1st Dec., 1716. Agrees to preceding. Signed, Ifflonso Phe. de Andrade. Copy. ½ p.
484. ix. Passport for 7 English Captains of vessels made prisoners as above. 10th Dec., 1716. Signed, Don Alonso Phe. de Andrade. Endorsed as covering letter. Copy. 1 p.
484. x. Masters of vessels in the Bay of Campeachy to John Cample. Antea Triste Harbour sed nu[n]c del Carmen, Dec. 10, 1716. We have been taken here by Don Alonso etc. The men that belonged unto our ships as is customary were all in the lagoons a bringing down logwood for the loading of our vessells that were here, at which time the Spaniards stop't up both Creeks, so that our men could by no means come to our assistance, and so that in 18 sail there were but 80 sailers left, most part of the Bay men who were then at Triste with 7 of the masters of vessels vizt. Thomas Porter, Bay man, who drew all the rest away ran from our aid with above 50 men in canoes, one of the abovesaid 7 masters, after assignation of the capitulations (Nos. vii., viii.), burned his sloop etc. The Spaniards have landed upon the Island of Triste, alias del Carmen, 24 pieces of cannon, and have brought all things necessary for the setling the same, as also the Leguna Termina, so that the vessells that come this way, without a passport from the King of Spain are free prizes unto them. To prevent further losses, we desire these papers may be put into print and published etc. Endorsed as letter. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 11. Nos. 57, 57 i.–ix.; and (without enclosures) 153, 13. pp. 22–27.]
March 2.
St. James's.
485. Order of King in Council. Referring following to the Council of Trade and Plantations for their report. Signed, Wm. Blathwayt. Endorsed, Recd. Read 5th March, 1716/17. ¾ p. Enclosed,
485. i. Petition of William Armstrong and other disbanded soldiers to the King. Pray for a grant of uninhabited lands between Nova Scotia and Maine, N.E., recovered from the French, 1710, and for transport and subsistence till they can clear the ground and repay the same in Naval Stores etc. Signed, William Armstrong, Seg., and 32 others. 2 pp. [C.O. 217, 2. Nos. 19, 19 i.; and 218, 1. pp. 314–319.]
March 2.
Boston.
486. Archibald Cumings, Custom House Officer at Boston, to John Cokburne, one of the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. Gives details of imports from foreign plantations, as Cayan, Surriname, Cape François and St. Thomas, and from our own Plantations. Continues: Wee distill annually about 2000 hds. of rume here of molosses and about 1800 pipes wine imported from Fyall Maderas and Canaries all which might bear a duty as a revenue for the Crown to defray the expences that the plantations are annually to Great Brittain for Governours and officers salaries etc., and by setling a Stamp Office in all the Islands and on the Continent for this service, etc. The Charter Governments are all enemies to the prerogative and it would be a service to the Crown they were all taken away etc. The Charter Providence plantation in Rhoad Island Government no notice is taken of the Sabbath but employed in revellings and none of ther laws sent home for the Crown's sanction or your Lordships boards approbation, the Court of Admiraltry is daily decryed by these charter people which is the royall prerogative etc., etc. Signed, Archd. Cumings. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Cokburne) 3rd April, Read 20th May, 1717. Addressed. 2 pp. Enclosed,
486. i. List of imports from foreign plantations, etc. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 866. Nos. 111, 111 i.; and (without enclosures) 5, 915. pp. 33–37.]
March 2.487. Certificate by several Ropemakers of London that Carolina tar is suitable for use in cordage etc. Signed, Stephen Hughes and 5 others. Endorsed, Recd. Read 4th March, 1716/17 ½ p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 56.]
[March 4.]488. Agents of South Carolina and London merchants trading thither to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Owing to the great distance of the Province, the small number of hands, and dearness of labour and freight, propose that naval stores from Carolina be admitted to Great Britain duty free and the importer allowed a bounty etc. Details. Signed, Joseph Boone, Richd. Beresford, James Crane and 4 others. Endorsed, Recd. Read 4th March, 1716/17. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 57; and 5, 1293. pp. 75–77.]
March 4.
Admty. Office.
489. Mr. Burchett to Mr. Popple. In reply to 18th Feb., I am to acquaint you, that orders are sent to the Captains of H.M. ships employ'd at Jamaica, Barbadoes, and the Leeward Islands, upon intimation of any pirates in those parts, to advise with the respective Governours, and proceed in quest of them as shall be thereupon thought proper, and to use their utmost endeavours to seize or destroy them; the Seaford that sailed for the Leeward Islands in Dec. last was provided with Instructions of this nature, and must in all probability are now have reach'd her station; we are now fitting ships for the Colonies of Virginia, New England, and New York, and their Commanders will also have particular Instructions with relation to pirates. Signed, J. Burchett. Endorsed, Recd. Read 5th March. 1716/17. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 11. No. 49; and 153, 12. p. 510.]
March 7.
St. James's.
490. H.M. Warrant granting leave of absence from Montserrat to Lt. Governor Thomas Talmach for six months for the recovery of his health. Countersigned, P. Methuen. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 70.]
[March 7.]491. Ollivier Tulon to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Repeats petition No. 470 i. Signed, Ollivier Tulon. Endorsed, Recd. Read 7th March, 1716/17. 1 p. Enclosed,
491. i. The case of Oliver Tullon (v. No. 470 i.), with the opinion of the Attorney General, that if he be qualified by the Act of the 10th of King William, Cap. 25, to fish in Newfoundland, the employing foreigners not qualified to fish for themselves is no offence against the act, the fishing being the fishing of Tullon. But if Tullon be himself an alien not naturalised or made denizen, he is made incapable to fish there, and the 13th and 14th Articles of the late Treaty of Peace doth not, nor could alter the Act of Parliament, besides the 14th Article provides only for the French subjects who were willing to remaine in the places yeilded to the Crown of Great Brittaine to enjoy the free exercise of their religion as far as the laws of Great Brittaine did allow the same etc. Signed, Edw. Northey. Jan. 28, 1716/17. 2 pp. Enclosed,
491. ii. Duplicate of No. 470 iv.
491. iii. Deposition of Ollivier Tulon la Garanderie. 7th March, 1716/17. In Nov., 1714, at Poole, William Cleaves proposed to purchase deponent's habitation at St. Peter. He asked 5000 livres, and Cleaves only offered £80 sterl. Upon his refusing this, Cleaves threatened to find means to make him lose it, and since then has continually molested him. Signed, Ollivier Tulon. 1¼ pp.
491. iv. Version in French of No. 439. iii.
491. v. Duplicate of No. 470 iii.
491. vi. Copy of agreement between Ollivier Tulon and Pierre Careye and Co. of Guernsey, proprietors of the Deux Sœurs of Guernsey, Capt. Wm. Le Mesurier, master. Jan. 28, 1716. Signed, Pierre Careye, Willm. Le Mesurier, Cha. Mauger, Tulon. French. Copy. 3¾ pp.
491. vii. Duplicate of Queen to Nicholson, 23rd June, 1713.
491. viii. Version in French of No. 439 vi.
491. ix., x. Deposition of Francois Levesque, Sieur de Baubriand and his wife Marie Francoise Dubreuil, relict of the Sieur Onfroy (sic), of St. Malo. March 5th (N.S.), 1717. Olivier Tullon is sole proprietor of the habitation at St. Peters, deponents having sold to him their half share in Sept. 1st, 1715, etc. Signed, M. E. Dubreuil, Veuve Onfroy, Baubriand, etc. 6 pp.
491. xi. Copy of deed of sale of half the plantation of Bellair to M. Tulon etc. Signed, Fr. Levesque, Tulon. French. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 23, 23 i.–xi.]
[March 8.]492. Mr. Bubb to the Marquis de Grimaldo. Madrid, 17th Dec., 1716. Protests against the seizure of some fish at Bilboa, as in following. I do not see by what right these gentlemen presume to decide upon the judgments of the King's officers given against his own subjects, and in which they have no concern etc. Endorsed, Recd., from the Secretary's Office, Read 8th March, 1716/17. French. Copy. 2 pp. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 24.]
[March 8.]493. Petition of Capt. William Le Mesurier (Guillaume Mesurer) to [? the King of Spain]. Petitioner brought from Newfoundland to Bilboa in his ship the Deux Sœurs et Marie 722 quintals of fish consigned to him by the Admiralty of the Port of St. Pierre, to be sold and the proceeds held at the disposal of H.M. This was the fish confiscated from Galanterie Tulon. At the instance, it is believed, of Tulon, petitioner was thrown into prison and his ship and the fish seized. Petitioner has applied in vain for satisfaction etc. Endorsed as preceding. French. Copy. 3 pp. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 24 i.]
[March 8.]494. Extract of letter from Mr. Secretary Methuen to Mr. Bubb. 3rd Jan., 1716/17. H.R.H. approves of preceding memorial and letter etc. In case you have not already obtained justice at Madrid, you should again in H.M. name represent to that Court in the strongest terms, the violence and injustice of this proceeding of the Biscayners, in a thing which they have no right to meddle with, and you are to use your best endeavours that the fish seized at Bilboa, which belongs without any dispute to H.M. may be restored to the Captain. Endorsed as preceding. ½ p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 24 ii.]
[March 8.]495. Estimate of the charge of settling a colony of 500 disbanded soldiers between Nova Scotia and New England etc. (v. 5th March). Total, £29,562 10s. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Armstrong etc.) Read 8th March, 1716/17. 2 pp. [C.O. 217, 2. No. 21.]
March 9.
Annapolis Royall.
496. Capt. Williams to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I take this opportunity to acquaint your Lordshipps of the decease of the honble. Major Thomas Caulfeild late Lt. Govr. of this pleace who departed this life the 2nd instant, very much lamented by us here, and haveing had noe time to inspect into the affairs of this Goverment, by the next occasion which will soon follow this, I shall endeavor what in me lyes to give as perfect an account as possible. And whereas I am now the eldest officer in this part of Ammerica by some years, I hope yr. Lordshipps will be pleased to consider me as here, being very sensable that several persons who are now at home will make there intrest to be made Lt. Governor, for which I most humbly intreat yr. Lordshipps' favor, tho' very sorry for the occasion, etc. Signed, J. Williams. Endorsed, Recd. Read 23rd May, 1717. 2 pp. [C.O. 217, 2. No. 25; and 218, 1. pp. 321, 322.]
March 9.
London.
497. Copy of Lt. Governor Moody's Proclamation of July 12, 1714. Endorsed, Recd. from Valier 13th March, Read 12th April, 1717. 1½ pp. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 27.]
March 9.498. List of 15 inhabitants of St. Peters, including Oliver Tulon, who took the oath of allegiance in accordance with preceding proclamation, "wch. have all peaceably enjoy'd ye liberty of fishing etc. ever since except Mounsr. Tulon." Signed, Wm. Taverner. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 27 i.]
March 9.
St. James's.
499. H.M. Warrant appointing Richard Mill Receiver General in Jamaica, in place of Thomas Martin decd. and Leonard Compere, surrendering his Letters Patents. Countersigned, P. Methuen. [C.O. 324, 33. pp. 70–72.]
March 11.
St. James's.
500. H.M. Instructions to the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, for Robert Johnson Deputy Governor, in pursuance of the Acts of Trade and Navigation. [C.O. 5, 189. pp. 297–317.]
March 12.
Jamaica.
501. Peter Heywood, Commander in Chief of Jamaica, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letter of 19th Jan. received 28th Feb. Continues:—The Councill Minutes wch. your Lordships observed to be wanting being Minutes taken during Lord A. Hamilton's Government, and Mr. Cockburn who before and then acted as Clerk of the Councill being ordered to transcribe all Minutes not sent home to the 6th Aug. last when Mr. Croose was admitted to act in the absence of Mr. Page, and Mr. Cockburn having been paid for transcribing them, I apprehended they had either been transmitted or at least his Lordship would have taken care for their safe coming before your Board. Upon perusall of the Councill Book during the Governmt. of Ld. A. Hamilton I find by a Memd. therein entered the Councill Minutes were by his Lordpp. transmitted home to the 16th May inclusive, and 'tis not to be doubted but his Lordship carryed with him copys of the Minutes from that time to the 25th of July when his Governmt. ended, tho' I admire his Lordship shd. have been so remiss as not to have delivered them to your Lordships' Board or have acquainted me of their not having been sent home etc. I now transmit an attested copy of those Minutes from 16th May to 25th July etc. I have given directions to the Clerk of the Councill to observe the method your Lordships direct of marking in the Councill book the time to wch. any Minutes shall for the future be sent home. All the Councill Minutes (as well as the Journall of the Assembly) during my Governmt. have been sent home to the 9th Nov. last. And yr. Lordships will by the next ships receive the Minutes from that time to 5th Feb. P.S.—May 10th. I send the Minutes to the 19th Feb. etc. Signed, Peter Heywood. Endorsed, Recd. 8th July, Read 19th Nov., 1717. 2 pp. [C.O. 137, 12. No. 96; and 138, 16. pp. 4–7.]
March 12.502. Extract to letter from Mr. Bubb to Mr. Secretary Methuen. Madrid, Feb. 1st, N.S. I have not yet received an answer to my letter (v. 8th March), which is occasioned by the uncertainty the Ministry is in: I have heard from Bilbao, that they have thought a little better of it, and set the Capt. at liberty, before I received the first complaint, they have also permitted the confiscated fish to be sold, and the product to be deposited, till further order of the King our Master. Endorsed, Recd. (from ye Secry.'s Office) 12th March, Read 12th April, 1717. ¾ p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 28.]
March 15.
St. James's.
503. H.M. Warrant extending leave of absence to Samuel Woodward, Secretary of the Massachusets Bay, for 12 months longer for the completion of his law suit, etc. Countersigned, P. Methuen. [C.O. 324, 33. pp. 72, 73.]
March 16.
Customhouse, London.
504. Mr. Carkesse to Mr. Popple. The officers upon rumageing the warehouse having found a box directed to you, I send the same, etc. [The box apparently contained a letter from Mr. Skene, Secretary of Barbados, with Naval Officer's lists of ships entered and cleared at Barbados, 1703, 1704, etc. Ed.] Signed, Cha. Carkesse. Endorsed, Recd. 16th, Read 20th March, 1716/17. Addressed. ½ p. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 4; and 29, 13. p. 372.]
March 18.505. Joshua Gee to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reports upon the production of Naval Stores in the Plantations. Continues: There are great quantities of iron mines in Pensilvania, the inhabitants are a very laborious and industrious people, and have brought that Colony into better order than any other in America, in the short time since their first settlement; they supply the West Indies with flower and provisions, and of late have shipt large quantities of corn for Portugal and other parts of Europe, to put themselves in a capacity of purchasing in England cloathing and other necessaries which they want; and to inlarge their trade, and exchange their industry with us, were desirous to put forward and make some progress in the raising of hemp, which the Government was pleased, by Acts passed in the 3rd and 4th and 12th Anne to incourage by allowing a bounty on it; and had proposed an incouragement from the Governmt. to erect iron works in that Province, concluding that such undertakings would receive as much countenance as pitch, tar or any other production of America. But at present there is a full stop to it, hearing that the Earl of Sutherland is perswaded by some persons that have been in those parts to petition for a grant of the 3 lower counties, which have been enjoyed by Wm. Penn ever since the first settlement. without molestation, and where the manufacture of hemp was begun; but as a grant of that country to any other Proprietor must of course frighten away great part of the present inhabitants (who came there to settle purely to enjoy liberty of conscience under a person of their own perswasion) and consequently render the country of little value to any other Proprietor, 'tis hoped this noble Earl who of late hath distinguish'd his zeal for the rights and liberties of the people at home, will not lend an ear to those who for private ends endeavour to scrape a hole into the title of a Gentleman's estate in America. [The inhabitants] are very easie under the present administration, knowing the care there is taken that they may not be prejudic'd in their properties; if the purchase made of that Governmt. by the late Queen (of which £1000 is already paid) should be compleated, they would be well satisfied, knowing the tender regard H.M. has for all his subjects immediatly under the Crown, of which Barbados and the other Islands are testimonies, where so many families have raised considerable fortunes; on the contrary, they see the dismall condition of the Proprietary Governmt. of Carolina etc. In one undertaking for raising hemp the Adventurers have already expended above £2000 in preparations etc. There is one thing fit to be mentioned which if not remedied will greatly lessen the advantage we might enjoy in our Plantations, and obstruct these undertakings, and that is the difficulty in sending servants over; merchants and captains of ships have been harrass'd and some imprison'd and put to great expence to get themselves cleared for only taking servants, that have fairly bound themselves, and gone over with free consent of such as appear'd for parents, for which reason white servants are rarely sent over of late, and consequently the country in danger of becoming a land of negroes. Among the number of sharping tricks used about this city, one is to have a person represent the case of an honest servant out of imployment that wanted to go to the Plantations, and tho bound before a Magistrate, when shipt and gone, somebody pretending to be father or near relation comes to demand the person sent away, if not produc'd they serve those who transport them with a writ de homine replegiando and capias in Withernamia thereon founded. By vertue of which writ the person so served is committed to prison and not bailable; thus merchants for fear of falling into the hands of rogues neglect assisting thousands of people that are industriously inclin'd etc. The Act of 1st James I. as well as several other Acts were made for preventing persons being sent beyond the seas without lycence, which Acts now are turned against such as transport servants to our own Plantations which doubtless is contrary to the intention of Parliament etc. Proposes that it be enacted, that persons transporting servants directly to our Plantations, shall not be liable to be sued upon any of the Statutes made against carrying people into foreign countries, nor shall be liable to be taken up upon the aforesaid writ; and that six governors of Bridewell or the Workhouse be given power to sign warrants for the exportation of children caught picking pockets, etc. The bounty upon hemp ought to be continued for a term of 20 years and for a similar term a prœmium allowed upon iron, etc. Signed, Joshua Gee. Endorsed, Recd. Read 18th March, 1716/17. 2½ closely written pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 58; and 5, 1293. pp. 77–88.]
March 18.506. William Byrd to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Proposals for the encouraging of making Naval Stores in Virginia. The inhabitants to be allowed to pay quit-rents in naval stores instead of money or tobacco as now etc. Signed, W. Byrd. Endorsed, Recd. Read 18th March, 1716/17. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 1.]
March 18.507. Same to same. Proposals for encouraging the production of hemp and other naval stores in the Plantations:—Prompt payment of the bounties, lengthening the time thereof to 20 years, making such stores duty free, etc. The objection to this tar, that it burns the cordage, arises from it's being made of the knots of pine, and not of the trunk. When it is made there after the methods of Norway and Sweden, it will be as good as any, etc. Signed, W. Byrd. Endorsed, Recd. Read 18th March, 1716/17. 2¾ closely written pp. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 78; and 324, 10. pp. 100–106.]
March 18.508. Thomas Coram to Mr. Popple. Encloses following, in reply to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Signed, Thomas Coram. Endorsed, Recd. 18th, Read 20th March, 1716/17. ½ p. Enclosed,
508. i. Same to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. (1) Thinks the bounty of £6 pr. ton settled by Parliament for good hemp etc, is enough, but as that bounty is all given to the importer, the planters look upon it as no benefit to them. Therefore let each raiser of good hemp have the bounty paid him by the Province where the same shall be raised, and be exempted from being imprest to serve as a soldier, otherwise than in the militia, etc. (2) There is plenty of iron oare in New England, and several iron works; but the iron hitherto made there is generally bad for want of skilful workmen and encouragement. Has had good iron made there for a ship built in 1698, the chain plates of which he saw remaining in 1711. To encourage the making of good iron in the Plantations and importing it into the United Kingdom, proposes bounty of 40s. pr. ton etc. and exemption from pressing for the maker etc. Printed, N. J. Archives, 1st Ser. IV. 286. Signed, Thomas Coram. 3 pp. [C.O. 323, 7. Nos. 82, 83; and 324, 10. pp. 107–111.]
[March 20.]509. Disbanded officers and soldiers to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Petitioners for a settlement between New England and Nova Scotia persuant to your Lordships' directions has brought a copy of the Charter of King Charles II. to the Duke of York whereby it will appear that the bounds of New Scotland reached noe further that way then the River of St. Croix, on the other hand it will appeare by the Charter of New England that King William allowed the said land as well as Nova Scotia to be under their protection but reserved to the Crown the power of makeing grants of the said land. But when the Massetusetts Colony found they had noe power of makeing grants of any lands there would not be at the expence of protecting the said land but neglected the same and sufferred the Royal Fort at Pemaquid to be taken without any resistance at all, and surrendred the same to the French to whome it remained till the conquest of Nova Scotia in 1710. Neither would the Massecusetts be prevailed on to rebuild the said Fort altho' requested to doe it by her late Majestie etc. By which it apears that all the said land and islands between the River St. Croix and the Province of Main did formerly and doth now belong to the Crowne. Endorsed, Recd. 20th March, Read 15th May, 1717. ¾ p. [C.O. 217, 2. No. 21.]
March 22.
Admty. Office.
510. Mr. Burchett to Mr. Popple. My Lords of the Admiralty desire you would lay the enclosed before the Lords Commrs. for Trade, that if they approve it, they may put it into such a method as they shall judge most proper. Signed, J. Burchett. Endorsed, Recd. 22nd, Read 23rd March, 1716/17. Addressed. 1 p. Enclosed,
510. i. Mr. Bridger to Mr. Burchett. The Act for the preservation of white and other pine trees preserves only those of 24 in. diameter at one foot from the earth. The people [of New England] cut all the young trees, and plead the Act. Unless there be an amendment made to the Act, it will be impossible to save the woods. It would not a little advance the production of hemp if H.M. would send over to New England etc. 100 bushels of seed, to be given to proper persons, whose land is adapted to that service. There is very little seed there etc. And whereas turpentine, is no Naval Store, and the making of it very destructive to the woods, which is proper for making tar, I most humbly submitt it, whether the premium ought to be continued thereon. And as the premium given for tar imported from H.M. Plantations, makes no difference betwixt the tar made from the green or prepared tree, and that made from knotts, I propose that a distinction be made; which will very much promote the making of the tar from the tree prepared which is the best sort. Copy. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 866. Nos. 107, 107 i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 915. pp. 31, 32.]
March 25.511. Petition of Edward Byam of London, merchant, in behalf of Archibald Cochran of Antigua to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Prays that his appointment by the Governor to the Council of Antigua may be confirmed etc. Endorsed, Recd. Read 25th March, 1717. ¾ p. [C.O. 152, 11. No. 50.]
March 25.
Whitehall.
512. Council of Trade and Plantations to the King. Recommend appointment of Archibald Cochran to the Council of Antigua, in place of Barry Tankard resigned (v. 12th July). [C.O. 153, 12. pp. 511, 512.]
March 25.513. Petty expences of the Board of Trade postage, stationery, etc., from Christmas, 1716, to Lady Day, 1717. 4 pp. [C.O. 388, 77. Nos. 24, 26, 28.]
March 27.
Marlborough Street, 11 o cloack.
514. Earl of Sutherland to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Ther is ane hearing this evening befor the attourney and solicitor Generall about the three lower Counties etc. Prays for "an authentick double of Mr. Penn's declaration when Mr. Keith was sent Governour thither." Signed, Sutherland. Endorsed, Recd. Read 27th March, 1717. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 59.]
March 28.
Whitehall.
515. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Methuen. Enclose following in reply to 29th Jan., to be laid before H.M. Autograph signatures. 1 p. Annexed,
515. i. Same to the King. Representation upon Naval Stores from the Plantations. Before we enter upon particulars we humbly take leave to represent some of the many great advantages which will accrue to this Kingdom from the establishment of a trade for Naval Stores from your Majesty's Plantations. (1) We observe that the people on the Northern Continent of America, not having sufficient returns of their own production for the goods sent them from Great Britain have been of late years under a necessity of applying themselves very much to the woollen, linnen and other manufactures in order to cloath themselves to the great disadvantage of the Trade of this Kingdom, and we do not see how the same can be prevented otherways than by engaging them to turn their thoughts and industry another way to their own profit; which we humbly conceive may be most advantageously done by giving encouragement to the production and importation of Naval Stores from thence. (2) This will not only occasion an increase in the exportation of our woollen and other manufactures, but also enable us to purchase Naval Stores by such manufactures instead of buying them with bullion exported to the Northern Crowns. How this trade was carried on during the time of the former Peace to our disadvantage on this account will appear by the state of it hereunto annexed. (3) It will also considerably encrease our Navigation by a necessary addition to our shipping for the Plantations, and at the same time lessen the Navigation of the Northern Crowns, Denmark and Sweden having been generally the carryers of all the trade between us and them, when the commerce of the Baltick was undisturb'd, and we have reason to apprehend from what appear'd to us when we had lately under consideration the project of a Treaty of Commerce offer'd by the Czar that his Czarish Majesty (who is now in possession of the countries from whence we us'd to be supply'd with good part of our Naval Stores) has it in view to export all such commodities in Muscovite bottoms. We might add several other obvious advantages which would arise from the establishing this trade with your Majesty's Plantations, such as preventing the Northern Crowns from monopolizing Naval Stores and freeing this Kingdom from a dependance on them for those commodities, which renders our necessary supplies very precarious, and is attended with great expence in time of war. We now proceed to answer your Majesty's particular commands, and in obedience thereto, do first of all lay before your Majesty an acct. of the quantities of Naval Stores furnish'd from your Majesty's Plantations for the year 1715: Pitch and tar, 25, 279 barrls.; rozin 86½ cwt., turpentine 11, 211¾ cwt., masts great, 101, middle, 18, small 4. But that your Majesty may have a more full and distinct view of the increase of the importation of Naval Stores from your Plantations, and an entire state of our trade in those commodities refer to enclosure ii. In order to report our opinion what incouragements may be proper to be given for procuring greater quantities of such stores from America, we have discours'd and consulted with sevl. persons who have lived in those parts, and such others as are look'd upon to be well skill'd in each respective species. Upon which we humbly take leave to represent that the annual consumption in this Kingdom of pitch and tar is about 40,000 barls., and of hemp about 7,000 tons. We cannot give a particular acct. of our consumption of iron not knowing exactly the quantities made in this Kingdom, but we find there has been annually imported from Sweden about 14,000 tons, from Spain and other parts abt. 2,600 tons. What part of the pitch and tar has been imported from the Plantations will appear by enclosure ii., as well as the increase for some years past, and there is no doubt but the Plantations are capable of furnishing not only this Kingdom but even a great part of Europe with such stores were there due encouragement given and the necessary precautions and care taken in the manufacturing of them; the whole Continent from Nova Scotia to South Carolina abounding with trees fit for masts and all sorts of ship timber, and trees fit for producing tar, rozin and turpentine. The soil in many places is proper for hemp, besides that there are plenty of iron mines in several parts of that country; of all which we shall take leave to lay before your Majesty such particular accts. as we have receiv'd on this occasion. (1) As to pitch all persons whom we have consulted do allow that there is no better than that made out of the Plantation tar; and it is found so good that it has not only reduc'd the price of Swedish pitch from 14 to 7s. pr. cwt., but at present bears an equal price with it, notwithstanding the importation of it from Sweden has been very inconsiderable the two last years, wch. otherwise must have very much rais'd its value. The only objection we have heard to our Plantation tar is its not being so proper for cordage as that of Sweden by reason of a hot or burning quality which is said to render it unfit for that manufacture. Upon which we take leave to observe that this quality is universally represented to proceed from the unskilfulness or negligence of the manufacturers who have hitherto made their tar out of fallen trees or dry knots which they find in the woods without being at the pains of preparing the trees as is done in the Northern Countries. But notwithstanding this defect in the making of it, 'tis agreed on all hands that the first running of the tar as now made even from the fallen trees and knots if kept separate from the rest is in no respect inferior to the tar of Stockholm for cordage, as has been certified to us from several Ropemakers of London, who affirmed that some of them had used Plantation tar these 16 years and found it good, and that of late we have had some of it in such perfection (by keeping the first separate from the second running) that it is as good for cordage as any whatsoever, and us'd by all the rope-makers here, thô they sometimes undervalue it to the importer in order to beat down the price. The said ropemakers added that there was not on the 25th Feb. last 20 barls. of Swedish tar to be bought in London which might be work'd up in 7 days, and therefore we must conclude that the Plantation tar is generally made use of. As for the second running of tar which is say'd to have the hot burning quality (and of which there is the far greatest consumption) it is at least equal with the Swedish for the sides and bottoms of ships and all other uses. As to the encouragement the prœmium of £7 pr. ton allow'd by the Act of Parliament etc. is agreed by all we have discours'd with to be sufficient, were it readily paid by way of debenture at the Custom House and granted for a further term of years. Turpentine from the Plantations is allowed to be as good and usefull as any whatever, very little of that commodity having for sevl. years last past been imported from any other parts. And as rozin is made out of turpentine we observe that the importation of the former has very much decrease'd from all parts in proportion as the importation of the other has increas'd. The present prcemium of £3 pr. ton upon turpentine and rozin is found to be sufficient encouragement. We further humbly represent that most of the Plantations are capable of producing good hemp, as is well known at present from the experience of many who have made tryals of it. We have been informed by Mr. Bridger your Majesty's Surveyor of the Woods in those parts, that he had sown and caus'd to be sown, hemp seed one year in several places in New England and New Hampshire and that not one place fail'd to produce a good crop. We are also inform'd that several persons are so well perswaded of the fitness of land for raising of hemp in the three lower Counties contiguous to Pennsylvania that they have already laid out about £2000 in purchasing land there and in clearing and draining the same and preparing and fitting it for hemp seed, and in other matters relating to that work and that when the last letters came away there was a promising appearance of what they had sown for a tryal, almost ripe. The like experiment has also been made in Carolina, Virginia and in other Provinces, and found to answer expectation; And by the information we have had we are induc'd to believe that the marshy or swampy grounds of which there are large tracts on the Continent of America are very fit for producing this commodity. There is at present a prœmium of £6 pr. ton allowed by Act of Parliament upon the importation of hemp, waterrotted bright and clean wch. we conceive sufficient were it paid by way of debenture at the Custom House upon importation, so that there be no discount upon it. There being already one third of the term allow'd by the present Act expir'd, and as the remaining part of that term will draw towards a conclusion before the planters can bring the design to perfection and receive the reward on importation into this Kingdom, we think it necessary that the said remaining term unexpir'd be prolong'd to twenty years. As a further encouragement we humbly submit it to your Majesty's consideration whether it may not be proper to allow the inhabitants to pay their taxes and quit rents to the Crown in hemp waterrotted bright and clean, and in order to set them immediately upon this work and to propagate among them the best sort of hemp whether it may not be likewise advisable to supply them at first with a small quantity of the best hempseed gratis. Iron ore is to be found in great plenty and very good in all the Provinces on the Continent, for the manufactory of which they have great conveniencies from the woods and rivers proper for mills in which those countries particularly abound. We have amongst others discours'd with a person who built a ship at Taunton in New England, and made his chain plates and rudder irons of the iron of that town, and found it proved as good for that purpose as the iron of Sweden. If therefore this iron is capable of serving where the greatest stress is requir'd, it must needs be good for other uses. As the expence of erecting of forges and other conveniencies for that work, and of sending over skilful workmen, will be very great, it has been propos'd to us that a prœmium of £3 pr. ton on bar or hammer'd iron, and 30 sh. upon cast iron duty free, be allow'd by Parliament for the term of 20 years upon all iron imported from thence. This we conceive not improper to be granted provided there be due restrictions to prevent their interfering with the manufacture of wrought iron in Great Britain. And in this case we likewise submit it to your Majesty whether it may not be proper to allow the inhabitants to pay their taxes and quit rents to the Crown in iron. In relation to timber besides the trees fit for tar, rozin and masts, there are vast quantities of others in the woods such as oak, cypress, cedar and pine which will afford planks and boards from 20 to 40 foot long free from knots, of a fine grain and proper for flooring as well as building of ships, which has been experienc'd by the many ships and vessels built in the Plantations that have done as good service as those built here. By this means a considerable trade might be carried on between this Kingdom and those parts, and consequently the bullion which we annually send to the East Country for those commodities would be kept at home. But at present by reason of the length of the voyage the freight is so high that such timber from America cannot be had so cheap as from the Northern Crowns. We therefore humbly offer that such timber as aforesaid imported from the Plantations may be exempted from the duties to which they are now lyable; these duties are indeed lower than those of the like timber from the Northern Crowns; but the difference in the frieght has hitherto made this encouragement insufficient, whereas we have reason to believe the entire taking off the duties would prove effectual. In case your Majesty shall be graciously pleas'd to approve of what we have the honour to lay before your Majesty, we humbly propose that the prœemption or refusal of the several abovemention'd species of Naval Stores be offered and tender'd to the Commissrs. of your Majesty's Navy upon landing the same, and if within the term of 20 days after such tender the said Commissrs. shall not bargain for the same, the importers be then at liberty to sell such naval stores to the best advantage. We have in this our report confin'd ourselves to the consideration of such encouragements as may be given here in case your Majesty shall approve thereof; but as your Majesty's Govrs. in America may very much contribute to the promoting of this design by recommending to the respective Assemblies such particulars as may be proper to be done on their part, we shall be ready upon receiving your Majesty's commands to prepare letters for this effect, or to make such draughts of Instructions as may give life to an undertaking which we conceive may prove so beneficial to your Majesty's Plantations and appears so necessary to the welfare of this Kingdom. Autograph signatures. 16 pp. Annexed,
515. ii. Balance of goods imported from and exported to Denmark, Norway, East Countrey, Russia and Sweden after the Treaty of Ryswick from Michaelmas, 1697, to Christmas, 1701, annually:—Imports, £581, 858 17s. 2d. Exports, £305, 876 16s. 2d. Balance to the prejudice of this Kingdom, £275, 982 1s.
515. iii. Account of pitch, tar, hemp, rozin, turpentine and masts imported to England from Christmas, 1700–1715. [C.O. 5, 4. Nos. 17, 17 i.; and 389, 26. pp. 71–91.]
March 29.
London.
516. Mr. Lewen to the Council of Trade and Plantations. States his view of the case of M. Tulon (Feb. 12.). The two fishing admirals, Weston and Cleves, are returned to St. Peters with heavy hearts, resolving not to hinder any foreigners from fishing there unless they learn that a due regard be had to their representation etc. Signed, Geo. Lewen. Endorsed, Recd. 29th March, Read 9th April, 1717. 1p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 26.]
March 29–April 27.517. Extracts of letter from South Carolina (a) 29th March. Wee can't be easie long without hearing of mischief being done by our enemys, about 5 days since poor Wm. Stead was kill'd at a cowpen he had 6 miles from Edystow River Bluff etc.
(b) 30th March, 1717. Reports death of Stead and Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Saunders etc.
(c) 25th April, 1717. I am in great hopes before you leave England that you will gett this country into the King's hands, for I cannot see as yet any end to our Indian warr etc.
(d) 27th April, 1717. Reports negotiations with the Creeks etc. cf. 25th April. At Charles Towne we are ready to eat up one another for want of provisions, and what we can get is very bad, etc. Our bills are become of no value etc. Signed, Richd. Beresford. Endorsed, Recd. Read 26th June, 1717. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 70.]