America and West Indies
April 1717

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Cecil Headlam (editor)

Year published

1930

Pages

280-293

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'America and West Indies: April 1717', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 29: 1716-1717 (1930), pp. 280-293. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74005 Date accessed: 22 September 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

April 1717

April 4.
Whitehall.
518. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Methuen. We send you the inclos'd extract of letter from Col. Heywood, Commander in Chief of Jamaica, Dec. 3rd last, giving an account of the increase of pirates and the mischief they have done in those parts, with out humble opinion that some speedy care shou'd be taken therein, lest our Trade in those seas continue to be interrupted by them, and they become too powerfull to be reduc'd without an extraordinary force and expence, wch. you will please to lay before H.M. for His pleasure thereupon. Autograph signatures. 1 p. Enclosed,
518. i.–v. Extracts and copies of depositions relating to pirates v. C.S.P. Dec. 3, 1716. [C.O. 137, 46. Nos. 24, 24 i.–v.; and (without enclosures) 138, 15. pp. 212, 213.]
April 4.
Whitehall.
519. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Methuen. Col. Heywood having represented to us (Dec. 3) the ill state of H.M. forces in Jamaica, wth. relation to arms, cloathing and recruits; we inclose to you an extract thereof, which you will please to lay before H.M. for his pleasure thereupon. Autograph signatures. 1 p. Enclosed,
519. i. Extract from Col. Heywood's letter, v. C.S.P. Dec. 3, 1716. [C.O. 137, 46. Nos. 25, 25 i.; and (without enclosure) 138, 15. p. 214.]
April 4.
St. James's.
520. H.M. Warrant appointing Archibald Cochran to the Council of Antegoa etc. Countersigned, P. Methuen. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 73.]
April 5.
Whitehall.
521. Mr. Popple to Sir Edward Northey. Encloses Act of Jamaica, Nov., 1716, to prevent negroes being evidence against the wife and sons of John Williams, a free negro, for his opinion in point of law. [C.O. 138, 15. p. 215.]
April 5.
Virginia.
522. Lt. Governor Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. In reply to letter of 1st June, comments on enclosed claim of the Council to be sole judges of life and death etc. As to the right they claim by the constant practice of the Government, that is not true, for there are sundry instances of other gentlemen being joined with them in special commissions of Oyer and Terminer. Explains and criticises the attitude taken up by some of the Councillors in giving different opinions in their different capacities, as members of Council and members of General Assembly etc. Will pursue his measures for the education of the Indian children, since that design is approved by the Board. Continues:—I should be sorry if any part of the regulations established for the better Government of our Tributarys should merit yor. Lordps. censure: and therefore to clear that particular of restraining the Indians from coming among the British settlements, I beg leave to informe yor. Lordps. what manner of people they are with whom our friendly Indians used chiefly to converse, and what restraint is now laid on them therein. The inhabitants of our frontiers are generally composed of such as have been transported hither as servants, and being out of their time, go out and settle themselves there where is good land to be taken up and that will produce necessarys of life with little labour; tis pretty well known what morals such people bring with them hither, which are not like to be much mended by their scituation remote from all places of publick worship: they are so little concerned about Religion, that the children of many of the inhabitants of these frontier settlements are twenty and some thirty years of age ere they are baptized and some not at all. These are the nearest neighbours to the Indians by whose principles or practices they are not like to be much improved. But this is not all. For these people knowing the Indians to be lovers of strong liquor, made no scruple of first making them drunk, and then cheating them of their skins, and even of beating them into the bargain. On the other hand, the Indians being unacquainted with the methods of obtaining reparation by law, frequently revenged themselves by the murder of the persons who thus treated them, or (according to their notion of satisfaction) of the next Englishman they could most easily cutt off, and it is a very general observation both here, and in the neighbouring Provinces, that no murders or hostilitys have ever been committed by the Indians except where the English have given the first provocation. Hence yor. Lordps. may judge whether a frequent intercourse and communication between such people and the Indians be like either to reform their morals or promote a good understanding with them: and as to gaining a nearer friendship by intermarriages as the custom of the French is, the inclinations of our people are not the same with those of that Nation, for notwithstanding the long intercourse between the inhabitants of this country and the Indians, and their living among one another for so many years, I cannot hear of one Englishman that has an Indian wife, or an Indian marryed to a white woman. As to the restraint on the Indians from resorting to the British Plantations, yor. Lordps. will observe in the law for the better regulation of the Indian trade, that they are not entirely prohibited coming among the inhabitants; but only enjoined when they have occasion to repair to the British settlements, to make known to the person deputed by the Governor for granting passports, the occasion of their journey, the number they intend to carry in, and the time they desire to stay, and accordingly a passport is granted. By this means if any disorders should be committed by them, it can be known by what Nation the same were done, and whom to call to account for it: whereas heretofore whatever mischief was committed among the English, it was impossible to discover the authors, while all Indians whatsoever had liberty to disperse themselves at pleasure about the country. Experience has show'd already the benefite of this regulation; for since it was put in practice there has not been one murther committed on the frontiers, nor scarce a complaint of any injury on either side, etc. Has mett with very ill treatment both from North and South Carolina for the service he did them. No promises have been observed on their part; and he is forced to bear the clamours and reproach of the people sent from hence to the relief of South Carolina for all the ill usage and disappointments they mett with there etc. Is sending a representation on that affair (v. 30th April). Continues: As I shall ever resign my own opinion to be govern'd by that of yor. Lordps. Board, so I readily acquiesce in yr. sentiments of my Speech to the last House of Burgesses: and whenever I have occasion to call another Assembly (wch. the Council have now twice given their opinion not to be immediatly necessary) yor. Lordps. advice will engage me to treat them with the greater complaisance, for the sharp expressions used to the other. However I can assure yor. Lordps. nothing in that Speech has had those dangerous consequences which yor. Lordps. seem to apprehend from it. The people of best consideration, who knew the characters and behaviour of the late Burgesses are far from being displeased with my treatment of them, and I doubt not whenever a new Assembly is called, I shal have interest enough to get good men chosen, and dexterity to manage them for H.M. service. The proposal I sent yor. Lordps. for determining the bounds between Virginia and North Carolina, was such etc. as I conceived very much for H.M. interest. I sent yor Lordps. also the best sketch I could obtain of those bounds, but it is impossible without a very great charge in runing the line to describe the exact limits to be established according to that proposal. The Governor of North Carolina tells me he has received the approbation of the Lords Proprietors thereon, and as soon as yor. Lordps. shal signify H.M. pleasure, I shal immediatly apply myself to putting an end to that affair, for I am of opinion that it were much better for both Governments to lose the land in controversy than to leave it long undecided it being impossible to restrain people from seating themselves on that land where they live without either Religion or Government, and it may be very difficult hereafter when their numbers encrease, to reduce them again to either, etc., etc. Will send by next conveyance his own and the Council's remarks on the merchants' petition and objections agt. the law for the better regulation of the Indian trade, etc. Continues: It may not be improper to inform yor. Lordps. (now that you are to have again under consideration the Council's pretentions to be the sole judges of the Oyer and Terminer Courts) what influence the present constitution of that Body have upon the ordinary course of Justice. The last General Court the King's cause agt. Collo. Ludwell, could not be tryed for want of Judges, tho' there were that very day ten on the Bench; but so many of them of Mr. Ludwell's relations, that there were not five left to go on with the tryal; and the same obstruction often happens when any of that family are defendants. And therefore yor. Lordps. may judge whether it be fitt to lodge still a greater power in the same hands, and to give them the sole jurisdiction over the lives, as they have already over the estates of all the subjects of Virginia. Signed, A. Spotswood. Endorsed, Recd. 11th May, Read 23rd Aug., 1717. 7½ pp. Printed, Spotswood Papers, II. 224. Enclosed,
522. i. Council of Virginia to Lt. Governor Spotswood. Praise his civility, justice and moderation. Represent that in the last Commission of Oyer and Terminer some other persons were joined with the Council. The appointment of any other persons but the Council in that Commission would much divest the General Court of its jurisdiction, which is not only founded on the late law, but also upon the constant usage of this Dominion, no instance being upon record that any other stated Court of Judicature hath had cognizance of life and member but the Genll. Court only etc. It would be hard that men's lives should be tryed by more inferiour Judges than their fortunes, of which the last resort in this country is in the General Court etc. If H.E. shall still be pleased in those Courts to join other persons with the Council, pray him to dispence with their attendance on such occasions etc. Signed, Robert Carter, Phill. Ludwell, Hen. Duke, John Smith, Jon. Custis, John Lewis, W. Byrd, Will. Fitzhugh. Endorsed, as preceding. Copy. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. Nos. 22, 22 i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 1364. pp. 505–519.]
April 8.
N. York.
523. Governor Hunter to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. Sends Minutes of Assembly of N. Jersey and acts passed last session (enumerated) including an act for repealing an act for ascertaining the place of the Assembly etc., that act having been carried by the most notorious tricks ever put in practice and being unjust in itself and a clog on the administration, and the pretended grounds for it entirely removed by the encrease of the people and building at Amboy etc. The act to enforce the payment of 340 oz. of plate due from the inhabitants of Burlington county etc., was occasioned by Mr. Hewlings one of the expelled members of the Assembly and Mr. Cox's chief minister, who being assessor for that county chose to incur the penalty by a former act, rather than do his duty in assessing, in order to put a stop to the payment of taxes etc. The Province enjoys more perfect tranquility than it has ever known. Cox's very accomplices are sick of him. Has sent papers relating to him to Mr. Philips. If such as Cox, Mulford and Sonmans, all notorious criminals fled from justice, meet with encouragement on that side, the Board will have more trouble than is reasonable. Sends Talbot's letter and that of the other gentleman (Feb. 13) to Mr. Philips. Talbot is unwilling to be an informer, but will not decline giving evidence. Printed, N. J. Archives, 1st Ser., IV. 291. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. 21st May, Read 27th Nov., 1717. 2¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 971. No. 29; and 5, 995. pp. 374–379.]
April 8.
Whitehall.
524. Mr. Secretary Methuen to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have laid before the King your letter of 6th Feb. etc. He looks upon the Treaty of Neutrality etc. to be still in force. And altho' there should [? not] be any doubt of it, or any room to think otherwise, yet since the Governors of the French Plantations in America have orders from their Court as it appears from Mor. du Quesne's letter to Mr. Lowther that they have not to suffer H.M. subjects to trade with their Colonies, they ought to be restrain'd from doing it by H.M. own Governors; and in like manner the French should not be suffered to trade with H.M. Plantations. This H.M. thinks fit yt. your Lordships shd. signify as His pleasure, in such manner as you shall judge proper to Mr. Lowther and the rest of H.M. Governors in America. Signed, P. Methuen. Endorsed, Recd. 8th, Read 9th April, 1717. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 5; and 29, 13. pp. 373, 374.]
April 9.525. Alex. Valier to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Prays for report upon Mr. Tulon's case. The season being so far gone, he is in danger of losing the year's fishing, and of his habitation perishing. (v. Feb. 12). Signed, Alex. Valier. Endorsed, Recd. Read 9th April, 1717. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 25.]
April 12.
Whitehall.
526. Mr. Secretary Stanhope to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The King having taken into mature consideration your letter of 19th Dec. last etc., commands me to transmit the following observations according to which you are to form the Instructions to be given to Mr. Pitt, appointed H.M. Governor of Jamaica. As to the 1st point, it seems reasonable that the Governor should be instructed to support the prerogative of the Crown, and to insist that the Assemblys have no right to adjourn themselves, otherwise then de die in diem except over Sundays, without leave of the Governor. As to the 2nd point, it appears to H.M. that the present Board of Trade, and the last, have given it as their opinion, that the Councill has a right to amend money-bills that are sent up to them by the Assembly; which being likewise warranted by so many precedents, H.M. agrees to the same. As to the 3rd, the Receiver General of Jamaica being appointed by patent under the Great Seal of this Kingdom, it is not conceived how that can well be altered. Besides which the naming the Receiver by the Assembly may perhaps be attended with many inconveniencys, and ill consequences. As to the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th points, which relate to the past and future subsistance of the soldiers etc., the Governor is to be instructed to recommend them very strongly to the Assembly, and to use his best endeavours that they may be provided for. The Governor may further be instructed to promise in H.M. name that the two Companys of soldiers shall be sent from the Island as soon as there are white people enough established there to defend it against the attempts of any enemys from without, and the negroe slaves within. As to the 8th and 9th points what is suggested by your report seems to be very right. As to the 10th, it ought to be considered, whether it be not already sufficiently provided for by the Order of Councill, or whether a clause pursuant to that Order should not be inserted in the Governor's Instructions. As to the 11th the Law, upon which the Instructions formerly given to Governors were superseded, being now expired, it seems reasonable that the same Instructions should be revived again. As to the 12th, it must be concerted with the Lords of the Admiralty; but the present condition of our trade in America, and the great number of pirates that do at present infest those seas, seem to require that one or more of H.M. ships should attend on the Island of Jamaica. As to the 13th concerning the Governor's pretension of appointing himself, or naming a Clerk to the Assembly, it appears not to have been the practice for many years, and seems to be overruled by prescription. Signed, James Stanhope. Endorsed, Recd. Read 16th April, 1717. 3½ pp. [C.O. 137, 12. No. 43; and 138, 15. pp. 216–219.]
April 15.
Rappa.
527. Extract of letter from Virginia. Our coast is now infested with pyrates. A Whitehaven man was taken about 20 leagues off the Cape. The pirates boasted they had taken 50 ships. Instead of one man of war to attend us, we ought to have half a dozen, etc. Endorsed, Recd. (from Micajah Perry), Read 31st May, 1717. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 4.]
[April 15.]528. Disbanded officers and soldiers, petitioners for land between Nova Scotia and Maine, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. If H.M. will grant them the said lands (v. March 2nd) with such encouragement as the Board thinks fit, they will transport themselves at their own expense, etc. Endorsed, Recd. 15th April, Read 15th May, 1717. ½ p. [C.O. 217, 2. No. 23.]
April 15.
Admty. Office.
529. Mr. Burchett to Mr. Popple. About the beginning of the next month there will be a fourth rate, and a sixth rate sent to Newfoundland, and Capt. Wm. Passenger of the Newcastle, will be Commander in Chief. Desires that the necessary heads of enquiry be prepared for him. Signed, J. Burchett. Endorsed, Recd. 17th April, Read 6th May, 1717. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 30; and 195, 6. pp. 315, 316.]
April 16.
Virginia.
530. Lt. Governor Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. Acknowledges letter of 17th Aug., and explains origin and defends provisions of Act for the better regulation of the Indian trade. Refers to Memorial of Indian Company etc. Signed, A. Spotswood. Endorsed, Recd. 19th, Read 21st June, 1717. 7 pp. Printed, V.H.S.C., Spots. Papers, II. 238. Enclosed,
530. i. Council of Virginia to the Council of Trade and Plantations. 2nd May, 1717. Reply to 17th Aug., 1716. The management of the Indian trade by a Company will prove much more beneficial to the commerce of this country than the former management of seperate traders etc. Signed, E. Jenings, Robert Carter, James Blair, Phill. Ludwell, John Lewis, Wm. Bassett, Edmd. Berkeley. Endorsed as preceding. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. Nos. 6, 6 i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 1364. pp. 448–462.]
April 16.531. Mr. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to April 5th. By the annext affidavit it does appear, that John Williams, his wife, and children have all been baptized in the Christian faith, etc., and that the reason of making this law is, for that by a law of Jamaica for the better order and government of slaves, the evidence of one slave agt. another that is or has been a slave is admitted, etc., and not against any other. I have no objection agt. this law, for that it is reasonable that a slave converted to the Christian Religion being made free should be admitted to the same priviledges with other freemen, etc. Signed, Edw. Northey. Endorsed, Recd. 17th April, Read 6th May, 1717. 1½ pp. Enclosed,
531. i. Deposition of Francis Oldfield, 11th April, 1717, that John Williams and his family have been freed, baptised, and profess the Protestant religion etc. Signed, Fras. Oldfield. ½ p. [C.O. 137, 12. Nos. 44, 44 i.; and 138, 15. pp. 220–223.]
April 16.532. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Addison. Walter Hamilton, Esqr., H.M. Governor of the Leeward Islands, is by one of his Instructions restrain'd from passing any law or act, for any gift or present to him, by any of the Assemblies of the said Islands; but in consideration, that there is no house in any of the said Islands for the reception of H.M. Governor in chief, H.M. is pleas'd to permit the General Assemblics there, to provide a house or rent for the same, out of their publick levies; provided the assignment of such house or rent, be made at the first session of Assembly after his arrival, and for the whole time of his Government, and provided that the sum so assign'd, do not exceed £400 pr. annum, to be paid him in proportion to the number of days he shall actually reside upon each Island respectively. Upon this occasion, we take leave to observe some inconveniences, arising from the foregoing Instructions. We do not conceive in the first place, how the said Assemblies at their first setting, after a Governor's arrival, can give a sum to be paid him annually in proportion to the number of days he shall reside upon each Island, it being impossible to know what exigencies or occasions there may be, to require the continuance of his residence upon each or any of them. But as Antigoa is the windermost of the said Islands, and by consequence most convenient for the Govr. to go to the relief of the others, in case of need, it is and has always been the place, where the Governor in Chief has most resided. If therefore the Assembly of Antigoa should give the Governor a certain sum, the same difficulty of proportioning the share of the other three Islands, will still remain, and renders the execution of this Instruction in a great measure impracticable. The Governor however, having laid this Instruction before the first Assembly he held at Antigoa, they immediately pass'd an Act for settling the sum of £1000 current money of that Island pr. annum upon him during his Government. Tho' this sum exceeds that limitted by the Instruction, the Governor was necessitated to pass the Act, and submit it to H.M. pleasure, or else he must have lost the opportunity of getting house rent, being restrain'd to have it done at the first Assembly after his arrival; but he has writ us, that he neither has, nor will receive any part of it, till H.M. pleasure be known. We have consider'd the said Act, and have discours'd with several Gentlemen concern'd in, and well acquainted with those Islands; who have assur'd us that the said £1000 being to be paid in the current money of Antigoa, that is in sugars, and transmitted to this Kingdom, to be sold here, what with the freight, duties and other charges, will produce very little more than £400 sterling. They have further represented to us, that the rent of houses there, are excessive dear, and that there are not houses fit for a Governor's habitation, without such alterations and reparations, as are very chargeable, whereby the Govr. has been necessitated to be at about £2000 expence in fitting up the House he now lives in at Antigoa and oblig'd to take a lease of it for a term of years. These Gentlemen have likewise inform'd us that the prices of all things, especially provisions, for the Governor's table are at present and have been for years, so excessive high and different from what they were at the time when the said Instruction was first made, that £1200 (which is the Govr's. salary) would have gone further at that time than £2000 will now. The going from Island to Island tho' there should be a man of war to transport him, is, notwithstanding, very expensive, and tho' during the time he may be upon the other Islands, they shou'd take care to provide him with lodgings, yet he must still pay the annual rent of the house at Antigoa. We take leave to make one observation more, from the information we have had from the said Gentlemen, and that is, that the Islands of Nevis and Mountserrat, have never yet contributed towards the house rent for a Govr., since the Instruction was made, and St. Christophers but once, some years ago. That these three Islands have pass'd no acts for house rent since the present Governor's arrival, and that they believ'd there had been Assemblies held in each of them. If so, they are foreclos'd and cannot pass any, during his Government, so that he can expect nothing, but by virtue of the foremention'd Act of Antigoa. Upon consideration of the reasons aforemention'd, we are humbly of opinion, that H.M. be graciously pleas'd to permit the said Governor to receive the foremention'd £1000 pr. ann., during his pleasure, without confirming the said Act, whereby it will always be in H.M. power to repeal the same, shou'd any future inconveniences appear to arise from it. We further humbly submit to H.M. whether it may not be proper to revoke the foremention'd Instruction, by substituting another in its place, whereby Govrs. may be effectually restrain'd gifts or presents, and yet not be liable to the difficulties and objections aforementioned. Autograph signatures. 5 pp. [C.O. 152, 39. No. 128; and 153, 13. pp. 17–22.]
[April 17.]533. Merchants trading to Virginia to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Acts passed in Virginia, 1713, for preventing frauds in tobacco payments, and, 1714, for the better regulation of the Indian Trade are great grievances to the Brittish subjects tradeing to Virginia and a discouragement to the Navigation of Great Brittain. Reasons in detail. Signed, Micajah Perry, W. Byrd and 12 others. Endorsed, Recd. 17th April, Read 6th May, 1717. 10 pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 2.]
[April 17.]534. Same to Same. Pray for repeal of an Act of Virginia, passed in 1663, concerning forreign debts, the purport of which is, to bar all creditors liveing in Great Britain from recovering debts justly due to them, from any person that go's over to that Colony, unless such debtor had carry'd over thither effects to the value of such debts. This Act is notoriously unjust in itself, unequall to H.M. subjects of Great Britain, and very infamous to that Colony, and has been pleaded not long since in the Courts there in bar of very just actions, etc. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 3.]
April 18.
Whitehall.
535. Mr. Secretary Addison to the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. The King having been pleased upon Mr. Stanhope's having removed into the Treasury to honour me with the Seals, and at the same time to assign the affairs of the Southern Province to my care; I take the first opportunity of acquainting you therewith, that you may please to transmit to me from time to time, what you shall judge to be for H.M. service, which I shall not fail to lay before H.M. in order to receive his directions thereupon. Signed, J. Addison. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 76.]
April 18.
Whitehall.
536. Circular letter from Mr. Secretary Addison to the Governors, etc., of Plantations as 24 th Jan. supra. Begins as first paragraph in preceding. Continues:—I take the first opportunity of acquainting you therewith, that you may please to transmit to me from time to time such occurrences in your parts, as you shall judge to be for H.M. service, which I shall not fail to lay before H.M. in order to receive his directions thereupon, and as to your own particular, I shall be glad of any occasion that may offer in the course of our correspondence wherein I can be serviceable to you. Signed, J. Addison. [C.O. 324, 33. pp. 76, 77.]
April 20./ May 1.
Rio Essequebe op't Luys Na By.
537. Commandant Vanderheyden Rézen to the Directors of the Dutch West India Company. Signed, Pr. Vanderheyden Rézen. Endorsed, Read 22nd (N.S.) July, 1717. Dutch. 4 pp. [C.O. 116, 21. No. 154.]
April 20.538. James Campbell to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following. Col. Moody has sent a full account of the victualling, pay, etc. of the garrison of Placentia to Mr. Secretary Stanhope, but complains that he continues under the same hardships and discouragements as set forth in enclosed memorial. Col. Moody has been obliged to draw several more bills last year for necessaries to the garrison, but they are protested as well as the former, amounting in all to £3000 and upwards, etc. He prays to be allowed to return by the men of war this year in order to settle the affairs of the garrison, which he finds to be in the utmost confusion, and to vindicate himself from the calumnies of his enemies, etc. Signed, Ja. Campbell. Endorsed, Recd. 10th April, Read 8th May, 1717. 1 p. Enclosed,
538. i. Memorial delivered by Mr. Hodges, Judge Advocate of Placentia, to the Duke of Marlborough, Mr. Secretary Stanhope, Mr. Poultney, Secretary at War etc. in Nov., 1715. Col. Moody represents the sufferings of the garrison owing to bad clothing and insufficient provisions, and his efforts to keep them from starvation. Describes his voyage thither in 1713 etc. Prays that the accounts may be made up and provisions and pay sent. He sends a pair of the wooden shoes the soldiers were forced to wear for want of others, etc. Copy. 7½ pp. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 31, 31 i.; and 195, 6. pp. 322–341.]
April 22.
Stratford.
539. Sir John Colleton to Mr. Popple. Mr. Jono. Colleton of Barbadoes and I have finished all controversies between us and there being a vacancy now in the Council there, I recommend him to their Lordships, etc. Signed, J. Colleton. Endorsed, Recd. 24th April, Read 6th May, 1717. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 6; and 29, 13. p. 374.]
April 24.
Virginia.
540. Virginia Indian Company to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Answer to petition etc. for the repeal of the Act of Virginia for the better regulation of the Indian Trade. Cf. April 16. Signed, Nathl. Harrison, Mann Page, Tho. Jones, Cha. Chiswell, C. Digges, Peter Beverley, Tho. Nelson, Arthur Bickardike. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Carey) 24th, Read 28th June, 1717. 29 pp. Enclosed,
540. i. Abstract of export of skins and furs from the Upper district of James River, Virginia, 1712–1715. 3189 buck and 3778 doe skins. 1716, by the Indian Company 2846 and 2224; by separate traders 1408, 1651, etc. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1318. Nos. 10, 10 i.]
April 24, 25.541. Extract of letters from South Carolina [? to Joseph Boone] (a) April 25th. The Indian warr is so hard upon us, that we are not able to bear it etc. Our stocks are almost destroyed and we starved, corn 15d. a bushell and now none to be got etc. Taxes are so high that it is hard living etc.
(b) April 24, 1717. If the King doe not assist, in an eye of reason the country will be ruind. Small parcells of sculking Indians lye in the out settlemts. and cut off our people as they goe to git in cattle, so meat has been excessive dear in Charles Town, for out settlemts. On the other side Pon Pon, and nearer many have been killed etc. Signed, Joseph Boone. Endorsed, Recd. Read 26th June, 1717. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 71.]
April 25.
Charles Town.
542. Extract from a letter from South Carolina [? to Joseph Boone]. Our circumstances are yet somewhat doubtfull, for the last time the Charachee were here, they insulted us to the last degree, and indeed by their demands (wth. which we were forced to comply) made us their tributaries. And the only hope we have to throw of their yoak is, by reason of messengers to us from the Creeks about a month since, that desir'd that their great men might have liberty to come to us, and treat of a Peace the wch. was by the Councill readily granted, and we expect them about a month hence. I dare not pretend to give any judgmt. of the effect, because both Nations are very numerous, and mortall enimies to each other. This makes the matter of great weight to us, how to hold both as our friends, for some time, and assist them in cutting one another's throats without offending either. This is the game we intend to play if possible, the wch. if well accomplisht will in a little time make us easie, for if we cannot destroy one nation of Indians by another, our country must be lost: Because our ordinary fighting men are almost all killed, and gone out of the country, so that small parties of ye enemie slily make incursions on the outparts of our settlements; and have kill'd many of our people; and did kill Mr. Steed a few days since. About 20 days since we lost a perriaugur with seven men, who were carr[y]ing provission, ammunition etc. to our garrison at the Savanna Town. Wherefore must for the future supply that garrison by land, under a strong guard. Copy, Signed, Joseph Boone. Endorsed, Recd. Read 26 June, 1717. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 69.]
April 28.543. Governor Hart to Mr. Secretary Methuen. Acknowledges letter of 16th August. In obedience to H.R.H. commands, I have enclosed you exact lists of all the rebel prisoners, that are come into this Province, indorsed on the Proclamations I published by ye advice of the Councill here, wch. were formed from the letters I had the honour to receive from the Right Honble. Mr. Secretary Stanhope, etc. I was commanded by Mr. Secretary Stanhope's lettrs. to oblidge the rebel prisoners to enter into indentures to serve for seaven years, and upon their refusing to indent, I published the inclosed Proclamations, which had the effect propos'd, of their being immediately purchased by the respective persons whose names are likewise sent to you for your further satisfaction, that H.M. pleasure has been punctually obey'd. Some of the rebels prisoners have run away from their service, but on complaint of their masters I have given strict orders for the apprehending of them wherever they shall be found in this Province. Professes a most inviolable zeal for H.M. service etc. Signed, Jo. Hart. Endorsed, Rd. Oct. 16, 1717. 1 ¾ pp. Enclosed,
543. i. (a) Minutes of Council of Maryland 11th Jan., 1716. A Proclamation was issued for the arrest of any of the rebels who should run away from their masters or purchasers, etc. Subscribed,
(b) List of 55 rebel prisoners imported into Maryland in the Goodspeed, 18th Oct. 1716, with the names of their purchasers. 5 pp.
543. ii. (a) Minutes of Council of Maryland, 28th Aug., 1716. Proclamation issued as in preceding. Subscribed,
(b) List of 80 rebels prisoners imported into Maryland in the Friendship of Belfast, 20th Aug., 1716, with the names of their purchasers. 7 pp. [C.O. 5, 720. Nos. 24, 24 i., ii.]
April 30.
Whitehall.
544. Mr. Secretary Addison to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following, for their opinion "concerning the methods you shall judge proper for the relief of the said inhabitants." Signed, J. Addison. Endorsed, Recd. 1st, Read 6th May, 1717. 1 p. Enclosed,
544. i. Representation of inhabitants of South Carolina to the King. At the beginning of 1715 the Indians attacked and destroyed several fine settlements, killed about 200 persons and inflicted damage to the value of £116,000. Besides this loss, for its defence, the Colony has contracted a debt of over £100,000, and must spend £50,000 per annum, an expenditure which the inhabitants can nowise sustain. They have already done their utmost to end this cruel war, but will never be able to reduce their enemies completely without H.M. aid. Pray H.M., in addition to the arms already sent, to despatch to their assistance 3 or 400 men. Endorsed (? by Addison) Recd. from H.M. Ap. 26. French. 1⅓ pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. Nos. 60, 60 i.; and 5, 1293. pp. 88–90.]
April 30.
Virginia.
545. Lt. Governor Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. Repeatscomplaint that the Government of S. Carolina have not observed one article of the agreement made with relation to the forces sent to their assistance from Virginia, and gives details. Begs the Board to interpose their "good offices with H.M. to oblige the Governmt. of So. Carolina to do us justice in the performance of their publick faith." Continues:— I cannot conceal from yor. Lordps. the trouble it gives me, after having preserved for so many years among the people of this Colony the reputation of honesty and candour, I should now be suspected of combining to kidnap its inhabitants into the service of another Province upon imaginary encouragements wch. were never design'd to be performed. These are the dayly clamours of abundance of disappointed creditors and masters, whose debtors and servants remain still in Carolina, and of those who have returned, and find they hazarded their lives and spent their time for nothing. If some measures are not taken to oblige that Government to keep their publick faith, yor. Lordps. may easily judge what effect it may have, when any future occasion shall require the assistance of one of H.M. Plantations to another. Refers the Board to the bearer, Mr. Kennedy, for further information. Continues:—This gentleman has also been imployed in delivering a letter from me to the Governour of St. Augustin in behalf of So. Carolina (the answer to which as well as it could be copyed out here from the original is here inclosed) for both these services he has recieved no other satisfaction than the bare thanks of the Governmt. such being the present deficiency of H.M. Revenue, that even notwithstanding H.M. Bounty out of the Qtt. Rents, it is not sufficient to defray the ordinary expence of the Government. Recommends him for some recompence out of the quit rents etc. Signed, A. Spotswood. Endorsed, Recd. 19th, Read 22nd June, 1717. 4 pp. Printed, Spot. Papers, II. 245. Enclosed,
545. i. Governor of St. Augustin to Lt. Governor Spotswood. St. Augustin, 30th May (N.S.), 1716. Reply to his letter in behalf of South Carolina. The Carolina merchants have given you a wrong impression, etc. I assure you on the word of a Gentleman that it is not permitted to give or sell arms or ammunition to their rebel Indians, etc. I will pay special heed that, in pursuance of the Treaty of Utercht, such prohibition is continued. The destruction wrought by the Indians is due to their ill treatment by the Carolinians, etc. I can by no means agree to your proposal that we should not protect or trade with the Indians who fly for protection to Florida and return to their old allegiance to the Catholic King etc. I must call upon you to punish the Carolinian merchants, so that they do not penetrate within the limits of this Government, and murder and rob as they did two months ago, slaying men and women etc., who in six canoes came to submit themselves to my royal master etc. I shall punish such aggressors in the future, etc. Signed, Don Franco. de Corcoles y Martinez. Endorsed as preceding. Copy. Spanish. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. Nos. 9, 9 i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 1364. pp. 465–473.]
April 30.
Whitehall.
546. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Addison. Enclose copies of papers received from Governor Hamilton relating to pirates, and the driving away our logwood cutters in the Bay of Campechy, for H.M. pleasure thereupon. Autograph signatures. 1 p. Enclosed,
546. i.–vii. Copies of Nos. 486, 486 ii., iii., v., vii., ix., x. [C.O. 152, 39. Nos. 127, 127 i.–vii.; and (without enclosures) 153, 13. p. 28.]
April 30.
St. James's.
547. Commission and Instructions from the Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Robert Johnson to be Governor of South Carolina. Signed, Carteret, Palatin, Ja. Bertie for D. of Beaufort, Fulwar Skipwith for Ld. Craven, M. Ashley, J. Colleton, J. Danson. Copy. [C.O. 5, 290. pp. 103–113.]