America and West Indies
March 1719

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Cecil Headlam (editor)

Year published

1933

Pages

45-66

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'America and West Indies: March 1719', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 31: 1719-1720 (1933), pp. 45-66. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74067 Date accessed: 23 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

March 1719

March 2.
Office of Ordnance.
82. Board of Ordnance to Mr. Secretary Craggs. There being money given for building a redoubt and barracks at Placentia etc. on the point of the Great Beach formerly made use of by the French fishermen, we desire H.M. orders may be given to the Governor to put our officer in possession of such part as shall be necessary, according to the draught approved of, with such storehouses as shall be wanting to secure the materials that shall be sent for building the said Fort, and that a guard be appointed, if necessary, to take care of the same etc. Some of the houses have been purchased from the French, wch. difficulty, if not thus removed, may putt a stop to our proceedings, etc. Signed, T. White, M. Richards, Tho. Frankland, John Armstrong. 1 p. [C.O. 217, 31. No. 19.]
March 2.
Virginia.
83. Mr. Robertson to Mr. Popple. Encloses Minutes of Council and Assembly and Addresses, in the absence of Lt. Governor Spotswood upon a journey in the northern parts of the Colony. A ship bound for London about the middle of this moneth will give the Lt. Governor an opportunity of doing that which he intended by this, and transmitting his answer to the Burgesses accusation etc. Seventeen countys have already addressed him as below, and except two or three at most all the rest will follow etc. Inclosed is a list of some plants and seeds wch. the Governor sends you by this ship etc. You will be better supplyed when the proper season comes for gathering such seeds etc. I have it in command to assure you of anything else this country affords whenever you shal please to notify what tis you want. Signed, Wil. Robertson. Endorsed, Recd. 15th April, 1719. Read 15th June, 1720. 3 pp. Enclosed,
83. i. Addresses from the Counties of Virginia to Lt. Governor Spotswood, repudiating the charges of the Burgesses etc. Duplicates of May 26, No. vii. [C.O. 5, 1318, Nos. 74, 74, i.]
March 3.
Nassau on Providence.
84. Governor Rogers to [? Mr. Secretary Craggs.] The advice of the preparations of ye Spaniards to attack this place yt. I receiv'd on 6th Feb. has kept me continually employ'd to provide for their reception and made me write letters to all parts around us for assistance, but none of H.M. ships being near us, I fear they'l scarce be here time enough to helpe defend the place for wch. reason I spare no time nor cost to secure this place and if we survive a month longer I intend to send home Mr. Beauchamp ye Cap. Lieut. of my Indept. Company and one of the principal inhabitants to represent the state of this place, and in what manner it can be made most beneficial to the Crown of Great Britain and yt. H.M. may be truly apprised of ye difficultys and expence we have been at to support this Colony wch. I now hope to do against the attempts of ye Spaniards. I have heard nothing of ye pirates since my foregoing letter [2nd Feb.] and I hope they have took their course another way or that Justice has met wth. them. I also hope ye Gent. concern'd to improve this Colony will be reimbursed their extraordinary expence and yt. what I have done here will be approved by H.M. our Fort and guardship are both as well provided as possibly I can invent and all ye inhabitants promises to retire to me on ye first allarm wch. we soon expect. I can do no more and it's a great satisfaction to me yt. I have been able to do so much yt. ther's a probability we may repulse the enemy come when they will etc. Signed, Woodes Rogers. Endorsed. R. July 16th. 3 pp. Enclosed,
84. i. Governor Rogers to the Governors of Jamaica, Barbados. New York. Virginia "and all the Governors around us." Feb. 10th. 1719. Nassau on Providence. Capt. John Dennis who was sent by the Governor and Council of Jamaica to ye Havana to demand the English prisoners there but was refus'd them and they are now kept at work on their fortifications: He toucht here in his way home purely to inform me the Spaniards was fitting out four large ships and ten sloopes and galleys to attack me wth. 2 or 3000 men. This gentleman run a great risque in attempting to give me ys. information, the Spanish Governr. ordering his vessels to take him in case he went to ye No'ward, and they have now 700 men or more fishing on the wracks, where they gett a great deale of silver, but these are to joyn them that are to attack us. I am assured if they have advice of a Peace, it will not hinder ym. from coming against me; for they insist on these Islands belonging to ye Crown of Spain. I believe it will be near a month or more before they can be here. I beg your interest to procure men of war from your place and all assistance you can spare us. I am now despatching sloops to all parts around to crave ye like assistance. I have provided pilots at Harbour Island yt. ye ships of war may call there in their way hither for them. Signed, W. R. Copy. 2¼ pp. [C.O. 23, 13. ff. 36v.–39v.]
March 3.85. Agents of Barbados to Mr. Popple. Desire copy of report and papers relating to the setting up of an Ecclesiastical Court at Barbados etc. Signed, Jo. Micklethwait, John Lloyd, George Bampfeild. Endorsed, Recd. Read 4th March, 1718/19. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 45.]
March 4.
Whitehall.
86. Council of Trade and Plantations to the King. Reply to Feb. 6th. We have no objection etc., provided the person who shall take upon him the Governmt. during the absence of Mr. Hart do give security in £2000, as usual, etc. cf. Feb. 18. [C.O. 5, 727. p. 489.]
March 5.
Whitehall.
87. Mr. Popple to the Secretary of the Board of Ordnance. Encloses copy of 27th Feb. [C.O. 195, 6. p. 490.]
March 5.88. Mr. Solicitor General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to 14th Nov., 1718. I have considered the tryal of the pirates before Governor Shute etc., and I conceive they had authority to hold that Court etc., for that the proclamation of the first of King George did continue the Commission to try pirates which was granted in the third year of the Queen, that Commission being subsisting at the time of the said proclamation. This matter depends on the construction of the Act in the sixth of Queen Anne ch. vii., which enacts the continuance of the Sessions of Parliament which should happen to be precedent to the demise of the Queen (if adjourned or prorogued at that time) as it seems by the whole tenor of the clauses in that Act which relate to that matter, the consequence of which is that the piracy Act did not expire till after the 22nd Nov., 1714, which is the date of the proclamation, so that then the Commission by virtue of the piracy Act was subsisting and capable to be continued by that proclamation. But if the words of the above-mentioned Act are not thought sufficiently cleare in this point I should think a short clause to indempnifye all who acted under that or any such Commission and also a continuance of them on any such emergency till alter'd by the Successor would not be difficult to be obtained. Signed, Wm. Thomson. Endorsed, Recd. 6th March. Read 2nd April, 1719. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 35; and 5, 915. pp. 265, 266.]
March 5.
Whitehall.
89. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Sir N. Lawes. Enclose copy of Mr. Burchett's letter, 24th Feb., with directions accordingly. [C.O. 138, 16. pp. 160, 161.]
March 5.
Whitehall.
90. Mr. Popple to Mr. Burchett. Informs him of preceding. [C.O. 138, 16. pp. 161, 162.]
March 5.91. Mr. Solicitor General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to Dec., 10, 1718. I have consider'd the bill to naturalize Jacob Arents etc., and as such naturalization cann have the effect to give them a right to enjoy the privileges of natural born subjects in that province only I don't see any objection to the passing this Act since the Assembly there think them proper objects of that favour. Set out, N. J. Arch. 1st Ser. iv. 382. Signed, Wm. Thomson. Endorsed, Recd. 6th March. Read 2nd April, 1719. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 971. No. 79; and 5, 995. p. 453.]
March 5.92. Mr. Solicitor General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to Nov. 19, 1718. (i) The powers the Governor of Virginia has already are to adjourne prorogue and dissolve. These words are general and must be understood as those powers are executed by H.M. in England. But as the inconvenience mentioned by the Governour may be greate in that country for want of a power to prorogue during an interval it may be supplyed by instructions for that purpose from H.M. or by an Act of the Assembly there. (ii) I don't apprehend that the Act entitled (Ministers to be inducted) has taken away that power and right vested by H.M. in the Governour to collate to such benefices. The words of the Act are only that he be requested to induct a Minister where the parish recommend him and the Kings right cannot be taken away by any such words. The King has the ecclesiasticall jurisdiction in him over the Plantations and if he has not parted with it to the Bishop of London in this particular (as it seems he has not) the Governour by the authority transferr'd to him may exercise this right and I conceive the Vestrys have no pretentions to it by that Act or any other way. Signed, Wm. Thomson. Endorsed, Recd. 6th March. Read 21st April, 1719. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 60.]
March 6.
Whitehall.
93. Mr. Popple to Mr. Carkesse. Encloses a parcel of Acts passed in the Massachusets Bay, May, 1718. The Council of Trade and Plantations desire the opinion of the Commrs. of Customs upon that for granting unto H.M. several rates and duties of impost and tonnage of shipping, etc. [C.O. 5, 915. p. 261.]
March 6.94. Mr. West to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Report upon Acts of Pennsylvania referred 16th Jan. Signed, Richd. West. Endorsed, Recd. Read 6th March, 1718/19. 5¼ pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 117.]
March 7.95. Order of the House of Lords, that the Council of Trade and Plantations lay before the House an acct. of what has pass'd before them in relation to a clause in the bill against clandestine running of uncustom'd goods etc., about the præmium for importing pitch and tar etc. Signed, Wm. Cowper, Cler. Parliamentor. Endorsed, Recd. 9th., Read 10th March, 1718/19. Copy. ¾ p. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 149; and 324, 10. p. 238.]
March 9.
Whitehall.
96. Mr. Popple to Sir E. Northey, late Attorney General. The Council of Trade and Plantations having under consideration some matters relating to the jurisdiction of the Admiralty Courts in the Plantations, desire you will inform them what judgment was made in the cause referred to in your report of 21st Aug., 1702. (v. C.S.P. 1702. No. 889.) [C.O. 324, 10. pp. 235, 236.]
March 9.
Whitehall.
97. Same to Mr. Burchett. Desires a copy of the Instructions given to Governors with their Commissions as ViceAdmirals. [C.O. 324, 10. p. 237.]
March 10.
Admiralty Office.
98. Mr. Burchett to Mr. Popple. Reply to preceding. Will transmit a translated copy of commission to the Governor of Barbados, as Vice-Admiral. Concludes: My Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty give no other instructions to any Vice Admirals. Signed, J. Burchett. Endorsed, Recd. 11th., Read 18th March, 1718/19. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 153; and 324, 10. pp. 241, 242.]
[March 10]99. Copy of a clause for regulating the standard of pitch and tar in a bill sent up from the House of Commons against clandestine running of uncustom'd goods etc. Endorsed, Recd. (from the Parliament Office), Read 10th March, 1718/19. 3 pp. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 150.]
March 10.
Whitehall.
100. Mr. Popple to the Secretary of the Navy Office. The Council of Trade and Plantations desire an account of the pitch, tar and turpentine that have been bought by the Navy 1713–1717, and that some of the Commissioners of the Navy would discourse with them, on Thursday etc. [C.O. 324, 10. pp. 239, 240.]
March 11.
Navy Office.
101. Mr. Percival to Mr. Pepple. Encloses account in reply to preceding. An express was imediatly sent to the Surveyor of the Navy at Portsmouth to come up and attend the Lords of Trade to-morrow etc. Signed, J. Percivall. Endorsed, Recd. 11th., Read 12th March, 1718/19. Addressed. ¾ p. Enclosed,
101. i. Account of tar, pitch and turpentine imported from the Plantations and bought for the service of H.M. Navy, 1713–1717. Tar, 1715, 665 barls., 1717, 3773 barls. Pitch, 1715, 715 barls., 1716, 75 barls., 1717, 1608 barls. Turpentine, None. ½ p. [C.O. 323, 7. Nos. 151, 151.i.; and (without enclosure) 324, 10. pp. 240, 241.]
March 11.102. Governor Philipps to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following despatches from Annapolis Royall. Continues: I had the good fortune to touch upon the same matters (v. 21st. Feb. 1718) etc., and am now more fully convinced of the importance thereof. And therefore doe earnestly entreat your Ldships to represent anew the necessity of haveing the limitts settled between the French and us according to the late Treaties. And there traffick with H.M. subjects (so much to our prejudice) prevented. And ye fishery protected from theire encroachments. Which canot be done without a man of warr on that station, which should sayle from hence in Aprill next. The necessity of this will farther appeare, when yor. Ldships will give me leave to wayte on you etc. The neglect of cultivating a friendship with the natives will prove (I feare) matter of greater moment than has been apprehended etc. The French spare no pains and take the proper methods to estrange them from us etc. Your Lordships' former report lying undetermined, I must pray your Lordship to mention the dispatch of it that I may be enabled to goe over early and serve the Govt. and my country etc. Signed, R. Philips. Endorsed, Recd. 12th., Read 17th March, 1718/19. 2¾ pp. Enclosed,
102. i. Lt. Governor Doucett to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Annapolis Royall, Nov. 15, 1718. Vessels from Cape Britton, spring and fall come to Minis which is about 20 leagues higher in the Bay of Fundy then wee are, and the greatest settlement for the growth of corn att present in this Colony. The French from Cape Britton bring wine, brandy and linnings which they can afford fourpence and sixpence in a yard cheaper then our traders can possibly doe, and take from thence nothing but wheat and cattle which they kill there and salt up, and from Chignecto which is 20 leagues higher in the Bay then Minis. They drive cattle over to Bay Vert and from thence transport them, which is not only a great detriment to our trader's who can't sell their good's but will raise the price of provisions and impoverish the Collony, or att least make it of more benifitt to France, then to us if not hinder'd, who likewise carry all the small furrs they can out of the country which they gett in great quantitys. The French inhabitants who are settled up and down in the Colony haveing the sole trade with the Indians, and what our trader's gett is intirely from the French, the Indians now seldome comeing near us, and who have allmost to a man been att Cape Britton this sumer, and as they give out for present's they expected there etc. I humbly offer my opinion that, if your Lordships can't find some method to send presents to the Indians, they will be intirely estranged to us, and be allways ready to obstruct us in any undertakeing for the good of this Colony and H.M. subjects, and I think there can be nothing done better then weaning the Indians from the interest of the French, which can be by nothing, but greater advantages reap'd from us, then they can from them, allso that there might be a ship or some sloops on this station to prevent the French from their clandestine and unlawfull traffick they now carry on, there being att this time two sloopes sail'd from Minis wth. severall hundred bushells of wheat, and severall head of cattle to Cape Britton, the owners of which were so insolent to tell our traders that came in there wth. their cargoes, that they had nothing to doe there, and that they would be both there again in the spring for more wheat, which is so true that the inhabitants of Minis are dayly thrashing their corn to gett their loading ready att their return. But if I can prevent them from carrying it off, I will, and hope if I can catch such vessels it will not be construed that I take upon me to do more then I ought, it being for H.M. service and good of this Colony etc. Acknowledges patent to pardon pirates etc. Signed, John Doucett. 2 pp. [C.O. 217, 2. Nos. 59, 59. i.; and 218, 1. pp. 383–388.]
March 11.
Antigua.
103. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses two Acts of Montserrat, " the one for not levying executions but at certain times of the year, the reason for their so limitting the time is because no sugars are made, or at least seldom after August, and hardly ever any of the new cured before the first of March, and I take it is to prevent any froward or severe creditor to levy (at those times when probably the debtor may not have any of the produce or growth of the country at command) upon any of the slaves and so bring them immediately to sale, which some times might prove the utter ruine of the Planter, for land in these parts is little worth without the slaves that are upon it to manure the same. The other is for the raising of a tax for paying part of the publick debts and defraying the contingent charges of the Island, here the several Ministers are paid out of the publick Treasury, and not from the particular parishes as in the other Islands, as for their assessing or laying a tax upon the houses and particular trading persons; it is what they alledge has been always customary in that Island and is only on resident traders; here I must observe that before my comming to my Government, Lieutenant General Mathew the then Commander in Chief past an Act for settling the duty on all liquors imported, as well as licences for tavern keepers, upon the Lieutenant Governour, as your Lordships will perceive at large by copy of said Act inclosed which the said Lieutenant Governour has signified by letter to his Agents that H.M. has been pleased to confirm the aforesaid Act, which was the only branch that brought ready money into the Treasury, and which by colour of entertaining the General has been received ever since by the Agents of Thomas Talmash Esqr. the present Lieutenant Governour altho' he has never been at his post since my being at the head of the Government, or at any expence that I know of, nor have I had ever so much as a letter from him, neither do I know whether he is alive and continued in his Commission or not, all which I humbly beg your Lordships will be pleased to signify to me by first oppertunity. These two Acts should have been transmitted sooner, but were not sent back to me after my having assented to them, and sent them to the President of the Council of that Island to be published and registered, till in January last, and since, no vessells have offered for Brittain, so I hope your Lordships will not impute it as a remissness in me," etc. Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 15th May. Read 16th Sept., 1719. 1¾ pp. Enclosed,
103. i. Deposition of Thomas Farrin. mariner. 20th March, 1718. On a voyage to South Carolina deponent with Capt. Brown was taken by the pirate William Moody etc. Confirms Dec. 19, 1718. No. 1, q. v. Same endorsement. 2 pp. [C.O. 152, 12. Nos. 151, 151. i.]
March 11/22.104. Commandant Vanderheyden Rezen to the Directors of the Dutch West India Co. With enclosures. Signed, P. Vanderheyden Rezen. Endorsed, Read 8th June, 1719. Dutch. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 116, 22. Nos. 2, 2, i. ff.]
March 12.
St. James's.
105. Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Governor Johnson. We receiv'd letters from you and our Council of South Carolina, dated 12th Dec., 1718, wherein you give us the good news of Col. Rhetts taking Major Bonnet and his crew at Cape Feare, and of your second successfull expedition when you took Morley and Company, and wherein you yourself commanded in person and had several, as we are inform'd of the Council and other Gentlemen of the Country volunteers; we can't but commend your conduct in this affair, and your judgment in commanding in person which was certainly a very great encouragement to so many volunteers; We return you, and the Gentlemen under your command our thanks for this action, and we doubt not but the whole Province will gratefully acknowledge the service you have done the publick in destroying so many pirates. The bounty money given upon pitch and tar having been ill represented to the Parliament by some of the East Country merchants, we can't sufficiently recommend it to you, that care may be taken that what pitch and tar shall for the future be exported from our Province may be very good and merchantable, lest the bounty money shou'd be lost, which was given formerly upon that accot. We are inform'd that several persons enter upon such of our lands, as are not yet set out, and gather up great quantities of light wood and cut down several woods and do other damages upon the land, wch. may be a hindrance to others who may come to settle there. We therefore desire you our Governor to use your endeavours to prevent such practice upon our lands for the future. We are inform'd by merchts. that several iron mines have been found in our Province. We desire you to give us an account of them, the nature of them and what quantity, and where they lye. We desire you to give directions to Secretary Hart that your Acts of Assembly may be constantly transmitted to us within six months after they are pass'd for we expect your exact compliance to the fourth article of your Instructions, etc. Signed, Carteret, Palatin. Ja. Bertie for D. of B[eaufort], M. Ashley, J. Collecton, J. Danson. [C.O. 5, 290. pp. 127–129.]
[March 12]106. Same to Col. Rhet. Return thanks for successful undertaking against pirates etc. as in preceding. Continue:—But at the same time we must tell you, we think you highly in the wrong in that you did not go with our Governor upon the second Expedition: But we hope the success the Province has had already agst. the pirates has put a stop to their boasted resolutions and will prevent them at least from undertaking any publick action against the Province. We (following page blank. No signatures.) [C.O. 5, 290. p. 129.]
March 12.
Custom House.
107. Account of pitch and tar imported and re-exported, 1716, 1717. Signed, J. Oxenford. Endorsed, Recd. Read 12th March, 1718/19. 1 p. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 152.]
March 13.
Custom House.
108. Account of pitch and tar imported and re-exported 1718. Signed, B. Martin. Endorsed, Recd. Read 18th March, 1718/19. 1 p. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 155.]
March 14.
Admiralty Office.
109. Mr. Burchett to Mr. Popple. Encloses following. Signed, J. Burchett. Endorsed, Recd. 14th., Read 18th March, 1718/19. ⅓rd p. Enclosed,
109. i. Translation of Commission of Vice Admiralty given to the Governor of Barbados, 12th Feb., 1714. 8¾ pp. [C.O. 323, 7. Nos. 154, 154. i.; and (without enclosure) 324, 10. p. 242.]
[March 14]110. John Linthorn to H.M. Privy Council. Sends a copy of his journal as Admiral at Placentia. May-Sept. 1718, Ships, of war, 1; of merchants, 7; briganteens, etc, 6. 11 stages, 200 men employed. 10 trainfats. 34 boats. 4000 qls. fish exported. Signed, Jno. Linthorn, Admll. Endorsed, Recd. (from the Council Office) 14th, Read 20th March, 1718/19. Addressed. Seal. Postmark. ½ p. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 58; and (with incorrect address and signature) 195, 6. p. 491.]
March 14.
Custom House, London.
111. Mr. Carkesse to Mr. Popple. In reply to 6th March, encloses following. Signed, Cha. Carkesse. Endorsed, Recd. 14th., Read 17th March, 1718/19. 1 p. Enclosed,
111. i. Observations of H.M. Commissioners of Customs upon an Act of the Massachusets Bay for granting to H.M. several rates and duties of impost and tunnage, etc. 2 pp. See A.P.C. II. No. 1315. [C.O. 5, 867. Nos. 34, 34. i.; and 5, 915. pp. 261–263.]
March 15.
St. James's.
112. Order of King in Council. Referring to the Committee for hearing appeals and complaints from the Plantations the enclosed petition and the complaint of the Agents of Barbados against Rev. W. Gordon, with the Report of the Council of Trade and Plantations thereon etc. Signed, Edward Southwell. Endorsed, Recd. Read 20th March, 1718/19. 1¼ pp. Enclosed,
112. i. Petition of William Gordon, clerk, Rector of the parish of St. Michael, Barbados, to the King. Refers to above complaint and report (v. Aug. 1717). Petitioner showed Governor Lowther his answer to that complaint, but the Governor thereupon became his implacable enemy. Petitioner came home in Sept. last to defend himself, but the Agents decline to prosecute their complaints against him. The matter being referred to the Committee of Appeals, 12th March, upon petitioner's application, they dismissed it, in regard that the petition of the Agents and the report of the Board of Trade were not before them. Prays for speedy determination and order as above. Copy. 1½ pp. [C.O. 28, 15. Nos. 47, 47. i.]
March 15.
St. James's.
113. Order of King in Council. Appointing Stephen Duport, Charles Pain, John Garnet and William Makdowell to the Council of St. Christophers (v. 23rd Jan.) Signed, Ja. Vernon. Endorsed, Recd. 8th., Read 9th April, 1719. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 12. No. 131.]
March 15.
St. James's.
114. H.M. Warrant for appointing Stephen Duport to the Council of St. Christophers etc. Countersigned, J. Craggs. Copy. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 219.]
March 16.
St. James's.
115. H.M. Warrant appointing Charles Paine to the Council of St. Christophers. Countersigned, J. Craggs. Copy. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 220.]
March 17.
St. James's.
116. H.M. Warrant appointing John Garnet to the Council of St. Christophers. Countersigned, J. Craggs. Copy. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 220.]
March 17.117. Sir A. Cairnes to Mr. Popple. Reminds him of his Memorial etc. (v. 21st July, 1718). Signed, Alex. Cairnes. Endorsed, Recd. 17th., Read 18th March, 1718/19. Holograph. ¾ p. [C.O. 217, 2. No. 60.]
March 18.
St. James's.
118. H.M. Warrant appointing William Mackdowell to the Council of St. Christophers. Countersigned, J. Craggs. Copy. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 220.]
March 18.
Whitehall.
119. Mr. Popple to Mr. West. Encloses charter of Pennsylvania. The Council of Trade and Plantations desires your opinion, whether by that Charter the Government of Pennsylvania can re-enact laws that have been repealed here, which is a thing frequently done in the Proprietary and Charter Governmts. to the great detriment of H.M. subjects of this Kingdom, and the Plantations under H.M. immediate Governmt. By the Charter the Proprietor has five years allowed for transmitting and delivering such laws as shall be made in that Province to the Privy Council for the time being. But the Crown has but six months allowed after such receipt for repealing any of the said laws. Their Lordps. desire to know, whether the time of delivery of any laws to them will come within the said six months, wherein the pleasure of the Crown is according to the said Charter to be declared, or, whether the said time is to commence when such laws shall be laid before H.M. with the representn. of the Board thereupon. [C.O. 5, 1293. p. 164.]
March 18.
Whitehall.
120. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Craggs. Reply to 9th Dec. Enclose extracts of letters from Capt. Smart (13th Feb.) and Governor Shute (26th June, 1718), whereby it does appear that Capt. Smart was sent by the Govr. of New England to dislodge the French that had built some huts and carryed on a fishery on the coast of Nova Scotia which is contrary to the Treaty of Neutrality in America and to the Treaty of Utrecht; wherefore we are of opinion that such attempts should be discouraged as much as possible for the future, least they should set up a claim of right contrary to the above-mentioned treaties. [C.O. 5, 915. pp. 263, 264.]
March 19.
St. James's.
121. Order of King in Council. Approving of Representation of 4th March, and granting leave to Lt. Govr. Hart accordingly. The first member of the Council of Maryland to take upon him the administration and provide security as proposed. Signed, Ja. Vernon. Endorsed, Recd. Read 2nd April, 1719. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 717. No. 76.]
[March 19]122. Duplicate of 1st part of No. 137 v. q. v. Endorsed, Recd. (from Col. Philips), Read 19th March, 1718/19. 2¾ pp. [C.O. 217, 2. No. 61.]
March 19.
Whitehall.
123. Council of Trade and Plantations to the King. Representation upon suspension of Col. Thomas Morris from the Council of Antigua. There is but one positive deposition produc'd against Colo. Morris, the other depositions being only on hearsay, and not agreeing perfectly with each other, nor with the said positive deposition, whereas several persons of credit who were in company with Colo. Morris at the time it is alledged the words (v. Feb. 8, 1718) were spoken do testify on oath that they neither heard such words nor believe they were spoken by the said Colo. Morris. It likewise appear'd that the said Morris's wittnesses were not admitted to be examin'd in Council before he was suspended; and as nothing has been offer'd to give us the least distrust of Colo. Morris's affection to your Majesty's person and Government, he having been a Member of the Council of Antigua ever since the year 1703, we are humbly of opinion that your Majesty may be graciously pleas'd to restore him to his place etc. [C.O. 153, 13. pp. 392–394.]
[March 19]125. Bishop of London to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reasons why the Lord Bishop of London does conceive that the letter from the Board relating to an ecclesiastical Court attempted to be erected in Barbados, is an unfair report (i) Whereas the report contains at large that part of the Commission to the Commissary which tends to load him with blame, it makes no mention of the restrictive clause in the sd. Commission, whereby it is rendered entirely agreeable to the Governours Instructions, wch. require him to give all countenance and encouragement to the exercise of the Bishop of London's jurisdiction in that Island as far as conveniently may be. The clause in the Commission correspondent to this, is, concedimus tibi potestatem omnia et singula faciendi circa prœmissa, quœ de jure uel consuetudine fieri possint, aut debeant. Had these words been quoted, I could not possibly have incurr'd any blame. (ii) It will not be enough to say that a copy of the Commission was transmitted to H.M. together with the report, for since the clause laid to my charge was inserted in the report, what I told this Board, and shew'd upon the face of the Commission in my justification ought to have been inserted also. And then H.M. and his Ministers would have had the whole before them, and no occasion been given for the disadvantageous opinions that have been conceiv'd upon this matter. (ii) The observation made in the Report that by the Commission the Clergy are reserv'd to the Bishop's own censure, but the Laity absolutely delivered up to the discretion of the Commissary, cannot be justified, for the Clergy are subject to all censures a Commissary can inflict, and nothing reserv'd to the Bishop but the case of deprivation, or deposition, which no Commissary was ever trusted with. On the other hand the Laity by the restraining clause are left to the discretion of the Governor, who may subject them to Ecclesiastical censure, or exempt them from it. It seems surely very reasonable that enormous immoralities in the Laity should, one way or another, be corrected and restrain'd, but the Commission cannot be understood to extend to them, unless the Governor think it convenient. (iii.) The article concerning Mr. Acourt has a very wrong turn given it. It says he was a lunatick, which wou'd ordinarily be understood that he was so, when sent, the rather because it is added, as my conditional recommendation, that in case he shou'd have recovered his senses, the Govr. wou'd employ him. What I said at the Board was, that Acourt having been at Barbadoes several years before, had the misfortune to fall mad there, and being brought to England, he recover'd his senses perfectly well, in the opinion of his physician. Whereupon at his earnest request, I sent him back to his wife and children, and desir'd the Governor that in case he continued so well as he was here, he wou'd employ him. (iv.) How it comes to pass that the people in Barbadoes are so extreamly uneasie under Mr. Gordon's authority, I cannot conceive, for he assures me he never once exercised it. As to his character, he will now have an occasion to vindicate himself etc. Endorsed, Recd. (from Ld. Bp. of London), Read 19th March, 1718/19. 2½ pp. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 46; and 29, 13. pp. 500–503.]
[March 21]
Antigua.
126. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. By this opportunity I have sent severall Acts to William Nevine Esq. Agent for this Island in order to be delivered to your Lordships, a list of which, with my observations on each of them, I herewith send, and hope they may answer your Lordships' directions in that particular. I have also by this opportunity sent the Agent the Minites of the Council and Assembly for Antigua and only the Minites of the Council for Nevis and Saint Christophers not having received those of the Assembly, according to the inclosed list which will be delivered to your Lordship with the Acts; But those of Mountserrat are not yet come to hand, however I very speedily expect them. P.S. (Autograph). Just now I received the copys of the Acts for the Island of St. Christophers which I also send, those for this Island and Mountseratt are not as yett finish'd. Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 17th., Read 23rd June, 1719. 1 p. Enclosed,
126. i. List of (4) Acts passed in Antigua. For titles, see June 24. Same endorsement. 1 p.
126. ii. List of Acts, as preceding, with Governor Hamilton's observations upon them. (1) Act declaring qualifications of voters etc. The abuses complained of in the Act will be sufficient to show how necessary it is. (ii) Act for establishing Courts etc. This Act is of the utmost consequence to H.M. subjects of Great Britain and others trading to this Island most other Acts of this kind were so very defective in the executive parts thereof that it was impossible almost for anyone to gett the full value of his debt; in regard the defendant not only had liberty to shew what effects he pleased, but even to have them appraised from whence it followed, that he generally shewed some barren spott of land, or something else that could be of little or no benefitt to the plaintiff who was obliged to take the same at the appraisement, which frequently exceeded the true values thereof by one third, and tho' it may still be an objection to the present Act in regard it directs sugar and other growth of the country to be appraised, yet the creditor will be farr less detrimented by having those commodities over rated than the other particulars, because they are not only fitt for other markets butt are easily transported, and indeed are what all traders expect in payment for the goods they sell; their being no such thing almost in the Island as the species of cash: The difficultys that have been raised, and the arts that have been used to obstruct the passing of this law are more than can be imagined, and tho' it may not be so effectuall in every particular as I could wish yet it is the best that they can be prevailed with to make, and if this should be rejected I dispaire of ever getting so just a one again made, for this was carryed in the Assembly singly by the Speakers voice which would not have done neither had not one of the Gentlemn. that were against the Bill been absent when it was last read, from whence I must observe that if this Act should not be thought fitt to receive the Royall assent that it will be proper to gett the Parliament of Great Britain to make a law in order to ascertain the manner of recovering debts in these Islands, the former methods of appraisment being most shamefull and scandelous. (iii) Act to quiet present possessors of lands etc. A Bill of this nature has been already laid before their Lordships etc., The objections to which 'tis hoped are avoided in the present Bill. (iv) Act for raising £5000 etc. The objections made by their Lordships to the rest of our tax bills have occasioned some disputes between the Assembly and myself about a clause contained in the present Act relating to the method of issuing the publick money's as may appear by the Minutes herewith sent: But as H.M. Council were of opinion that the said clause was not contrary to my Instructions, I thought it more for the service of H.M. to pass the said Act with that clause in it than to lett the countrys debts go unpaid, and the Island remain in her present defenceless condition which must have been the consequence of my not agreeing to the said clause as may appear by the message which I received from the Assembly immediately before my passing the Bill, so that if their Lordships think the said clause to be inconsistant with my Instructions, I must begg they will signifye the same to me by the first conveyance, and I will take care to avoid consenting to the like for the future. But then there is no hopes of getting the Assembly to raise taxes so that if H.M. affairs, or the circumstance of the country should be ever so urgent, it will be impossible to gett anything done for want of money etc. Asks what measures he must take in case of necessity, if the said clause should be thought inconvenient and the Assembly should insist thereon. The reasons which I have heard from many of them for their being so tenacious about it, is to prevent a misapplication of the money, which they alledg cannot otherwise be done if a Governor was ill disposed, for tho he is not to issue any orders for payment of publick monys without the advice of the Council yet that will be but a small curb on him, for if those gentlemen who are members of that Board should oppose him in his measures he could soon gett ridd of them by suspending them, and appointing others that would be agreeable to his own inclinations by which means he could not fail to carry his point whenever he saw convenient to exert himself: To which I answered that the justice of H.M. was so conspicuous that they had not reason to dread but such a Governour would be recalled and severly punished, and therefore there was not the least room to fear such violent methods from any whom H.M. should be pleased to honour with his Commission; in reply to which they alledge that the difficultys which attend complaints against Governors are so very discouraging that they had better submitt than to attempt the same, for besides the charge that must attend prosecutions of that nature, the complainants make themselves obnoxious to the said Governour, and even after all there is no hopes of getting the mony refunded that has been misapply'd, especially if he happens to be an indigent person. To prevent which inconveniencys they seem resolved never to raise any mony if they are not permitted to inspect and approve the accounts before orders are issued for payment thereof which as it may be of fatall consequence hereafter to the security and defence of the Colony to have any further disputes upon that subject, so I have now taken the liberty to represent at large the objections that have been made thereon, and hope their Lordships will believe I have nothing thereby in view, but the setting the matter in a true light to the end they may be the better enabled to direct what is proper to be done therein for the future. Same endorsement. 4½ pp.
126. iii. List of Minutes of Councils and Assemblies of the Leeward Islands sent to William Nivine. Same endorsement. 1 p.
126. iv. Copy of Minutes of Council and Assembly of Antigua, March 10th, 16th, referred to in No. ii. Same endorsement. 3 pp. [C.O. 152, 12. Nos. 140, 140. i.–iv.]
March 24.
Antigua.
127. Charles Hedges to Mr. Popple. Refers to Minutes of Councils and Assemblies, 4 Acts of Antigua "and a bound book containing the Acts of St. Christophers," dispatched by Governor Hamilton (21st March). Continues: The several Acts that have been past in this Island. I must confess are not yet prepared by me pursuant to an order by H.E.; several of them especially those past in the infancy of the Island being so confused that 'tis next to an impossibility to make a just collection of them in such a manner as their Lordships might expect. You will perceive Sir in the Minutes of the 10th of June last that H.E. recommended the same etc. to which the Assembly unanimously concurred, and Committees were accordingly prepared to make a Collection of all such laws as they should think necessary to be printed of which they were to make a report which is not yet done etc. Hopes that he will therefore not be thought remiss in his duty. Signed, Cha. Hedges. Endorsed, Recd. 3rd June, Read 16th Sept., 1719. Addressed. Postmark. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 152, 12. No. 150.]
March 24.128. Mr. West to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to 18th March. (i) I am of opinion that there is nothing in the Charter by which the inhabitants of Pennsylvania are prohibited the re-inacting the substance of any laws which may at any time have been disallowed by the Crown. (ii) The six months are to be counted from the time of their being delivered to the Privy Council, and therefore subsequent to your Lordships' report, unless the Agents deliver duplicates of their laws unto the Privy Council at the same time as unto your Lordships etc. Signed, Richd. West. Endorsed, Recd. Read 25th March, 1719. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 118; and 5, 1293. pp. 165, 166.]
March 24.129. Governor Philipps to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following, which shew the necessity of what was urged in his memorial, etc. (v. 21st Feb., 1718). Continues: In relation to French encroachments, the Gut of Cancoe, to colour their pretention, the French new nam'd the little River of Canada: it will not be convenient upon any account to give up this point, for it is there the French made last yeare theire best fishery, etc. Signed, R. Philipps. Endorsed, Recd. Read 24th March. 1718/19. Holograph. 2 pp. Enclosed,
129. i. (a) Abstract of letter from Lt. Governor Doucett to Governor Philipps, Annapolis Royal, Nov. 1st, 1718. Encloses reply of M. St. Ovide de Brouillan (v. July 23, 1718). Continues: I find it very false concerning his coming to Can[coe], which was as I am inform'd from thence to forbid the English to fish there, and to settle some French on that Isle of Cancoe, pretending it belongs to them because in one article of the Peace, it is mention'd all Islands in the Gulph of St. Lawrence or mouth of the River Canada: Now this Island is not in or near either of those places, but to give them a colour for this, they have new Xstnen'd the Gulf of Cancoe (where this Island is situated and divides the Continent of Nova Scotia from Cape Britton) the little River of Canada, so that they may as well claim Guernsey or Jersey, if they will call the Channell of England the River to Canada. This occasion'd the sending a man of warr from Boston upon complaint of the fishermen belonging to that place, who made prize of all the vessells and fish they found there, having first made a representation to the Governour and produced Monsr. Subercas's passport etc. (v. No. v.) The prizes were a brigantine and a sloop with other little vessells, which I hear the Court of Admiralty in New England have condemned etc. By presents sent from France and our neglect of them, the Indians are estranged from us; for I have seen but two Indians in this place since spring, but have heard of their shooting a stone horse and mare in the woods, which belonged to the English.
129. i. (b) Abstract of letter from Capt. Aldridge to Governor Philipps. 24th Dec., 1718. We have just now advice from Cape Britton, that M. St. Ovide has sent to Cancoe and seized a brigantine and sloop loaded with fish belonging to New England by way of reprisall for the seizure made by Capt. Smart of H.M.S. Squirell last summer. The French who live among us seem very well pleas'd with the news, and are in hopes, this may occasion a rupture between the two Crowns.
129. i. (c) Copy of a former letter from Lt. Governor Doucett to Governor Philipps. I must recommend that you procure shovels, spades and pick-axes to be sent here; for you will find none in case you go on any works, likewise to use your endeavours to obtain presents for the Indians etc. I expect in the spring the chief of them from St. John's River, they having sent me word, they intended to see me, they having severall things to propose concerning our future friendship, and to settle the prices of commoditys, and establish a commerce betwixt the English and them etc. My opinion is the same with all the English here, that if at your arrivall, you bring them presents, they will be easily brought over to our interest, etc. The whole endorsed as covering letter. 2¼ pp. [C.O. 217, 2. Nos. 62, 62. i.; and (without enclosures) 218, 1. pp. 389, 390.]
March 24.
Whitehall.
130. Mr. Byrd to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Offers his services for reconciling the Lt. Governor and Council of Virginia, and proposes that the Board prepare the way by repeating directions to the Lt. Governor not to join any other persons with the Council in the Commissions of Oyer and Terminer; to cause the minutes of Council to be read at each next meeting; to assent to the repeal of the Act of Assembly, which trusted him with a power to lay out what money he should think fit upon the Governor's house, £2000 having been spent upon it since a Committee of the Burgesses judged that £250 would finish it; to allow the Council to give their opinions frankly without reproaching or ridiculing any who differ from him, so disobligeing a method having made him more enemies than every other part of his administration etc. The Board to direct that neither party send over any complaints without having first given a copy to the party complain'd of, and a copy of the Board's own letters to be sent to both parties etc. Signed, W. Byrd. Endorsed, Recd. 24th March. Read 8th April, 1719. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 58.]
March 24.131. Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Governor Johnson. Sir Robert Thornhill has twice attended our Board, in relation to a debt that he has a legal title to from Sr. Nathl. Johnson upon the account of Sr. John Baudon. Sir Robert inform'd us that he did design to apply to the House of Commons here in order to procure a short Bill for the speedy relief of creditors against persons indebted in the West Indies, upon your accot., which we are apprehensive may be very expensive and troublesome to you, and may reflect upon us the Proprietors; We therefore do earnestly recommend it to you, that you wou'd accommodate this matter as soon as you can possibly, and write in such manner to Sr. Robert Thornhill, that the proceedings upon your account may be stopt, and that there may be no more complaints against you upon this occasion. Signed, Carteret Palatin; M. Ashley, J. Colleton, J. Danson. [C.O., 5, 290. pp. 135, 136.]
March 24.
Jamaica.
132. Governor Sir N. Lawes to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Since my last of 31st Jan., duplicate enclosed, I have not been honor'd with any letter from your Lordships. On the 15th instant I received H.M. commands by the Deal Castle, etc. H.M. Declaration of War with Spain was accordingly published here the day following. I alsoe recd. H.M. Proclamation for enlarging the time for pirates to surrender themselves etc., and am of opinion the pirates will now come in, war with Spain being declared, which they have long wisht for. But I coud have wish't there had been a clause incerted in the Commission (for trying them) to have empower'd the Commissioners therein named likewise to have tryed the accessarys of pyracy, for I am persuaded, were the pirates not supplyed with necessarys, and received intelligence from shoar greater numbers wou'd have come in and embraced H.M. pardon. Wherefore I humbly propose but submit to better judgment, whether such a Commission will not be necessary for H.M. to grant. In some of my former letters I acquainted your Lordsps. of the weak condition the Island was in from the decay of its inhabitants, and of the fortifications, etc. I persuade myself your Lordsps. are not unmindfull of us, and therefore I hope proper measures are taken for our relief, but I am now to mention one particular, which is, of the utmost consequence not only to us but to Great Britain: and that is the little trade we had left, must now inevitably be lost, unless H.M. will be graciously pleas'd (as the late Queen did in the last war in 1704) by a particular Instruction, to permit and allow of an intercourse of trade between H.M. subjects in these parts, and those of the Spanish Nation, which was afterwards allowed of by Act of Parliament in 1707. But as the said Instruction and Act of Parliament were only to continue in force during the late war, and I having hitherto received no orders or Instructions to permit or allow of any such intercourse of trade: our merchants are at a loss how to dispose of their effects: Wherefore I must earnestly intreat your Lordship's recommendation to H.M. that such an Instruction may be emediatly granted, as in the former war, without which we shall soon have little mony to send to Europe. Refers to Capt. Dennis' Journal enclosed. Upon his returning without success, and war being declared against Spain the Council advised me to have the Spaniards which are now here to the number of about 70 made prisoners of war; which has been accordingly done. But as there is no fund for defraying such a charge I shall send them to Great Britain in merchant ships as opportunity offers. I did with the advice of the Council, dissolve our late Assembly 3d Feb., etc. and some time since Thomas Harrison Esq. departed this life. Whereby there is a vacancy in H.M. Council. I humbly take leave to recommend Wm. Nedham or Thomas Rose to succeed him in that post, as being Gentlemen well qualifyed, and every way agreeable to H.M. Instructions on that head. The two sloops which were lately fitted out at the charge of the country in pursuit of the pirate yt. took the ship Kingston, are return'd with pretty good success: they mett with the said ship near the Isle of Pines, and upon their approach the pirates who were on board of the ship, made their escape on shoar in a canoe, and the two sloops are return'd into Port Royal harbour with the ship and the greatest part of her cargoe. Proper measures have been taken in the Court of Admiralty that justice may be done as well to the freighters and insurers as to the captors; and I believe all partys will be satisfyed therewith. Our privateers have already made application for Commissions to act against the Spaniards, and I have with the advice of the Council issued some. This day fortnight I have summoned a Council of War to meet to consider of putting ourselves in the best posture of defence in case of any attempts from the enemy, the result whereof shall be transmitted in my next. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. Endorsed, Recd. 22nd, Read 25th June, 1719. 7 pp. Enclosed,
132. i. The whole proceedings of Captain Dennis's Expedition to the Governor of the Havanna, etc. Jan. 14–28, 1718 (19).
Describes his endeavours to obtain the release of H.M. subjects detained as prisoners, and of his own sloop seized by Lagers, and Capt. Oxborough's sloop from Jamaica. The Governor of the Havanna refused, describing the prisoners as pirates etc. Printed by R. Baldwin, in Church Street, Kingston. 1718 (19). 8 pp.
132. ii. Copy of the Weekly Jamaica Courant. Numb. xxxviii. Feb. 11, 1718 (1719). Contains Proclamation of 3rd Feb. for dissolving the Assembly on account of "the great contempt they have shewn to Our Instructions and the many indignities they have offered to our Council" etc. Printed as preceding. 4 pp. [C.O. 137, 13. Nos. 30, 30. i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 138, 16. pp. 209–214.]
March 25.
Virginia.
133. Lt. Governor Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses reply etc. to the charges against him, and repeats charges against the opposing party in the Council, etc. Set out, Spotswood Papers, II. 308. Endorsed, Recd. 18th May, Read 23rd June, 1719. 8 pp. Enclosed,
133. i. Addresses from the several counties of Virginia to Lt. Governor Spotswood. Protest against the proceedings of the Burgesses and repudiate the charges in their Address against him. Endorsed as preceding. 19 pp.
133. ii. Lt. Governor Spotswood's Remarks on the Articles exhibited against him and rejected by the Burgesses (Dec. 22). Same endorsement. 8½ pp.
133. iii. Lt. Governor Spotswood's Answer to the 4 Articles exhibited by the Burgesses against him (Dec. 22. No. ii). (i) See covering letter Dec. 22. (ii) From Christmas 1713 to this day I have expended about the buildings and gardens but little above £200 per annum, and the country in general is delighted with the building, etc. My accusers refused to explain their meaning when challenged by me Nov. 22 & 28. etc. (iii) Challenges his accusers to give one instance that he either persuaded any Justice to refuse or showed any resentment against those who levy the Burgesses salary etc. (iv) Describes his communications with the Assembly etc. Signed, A. Spotswood. Same endorsement. 17 pp.
133. iv. Certificate by Mr. Thacker that he can find no record of patents granted for land since Dec. 1710 forfeited by the non payment of quit rents. 23rd Jan. 1718. Signed, C. C. Thacker. Cl. Sec. Off. ½ p.
133. v. Copy of grant to Ralph Bowker by the General Court, Oct. 23, 1718, of 2827 acres lapsed from Capt. William Smith since 1682 and 1687, Smith not appearing in answer to summons etc. Certified by C. C. Thacker, Cl. Gen. Cur. ¾ p.
133. vi. Copy of Queries offered by H.M. Lt. Governor to the whole Council and the Attorney General, occasioned by the late scruples of the Justices of the Peace. (i) Whether the 300,000 cwt. of tobacco, which the Burgesses claim for their late session of Assembly, can be legally raised for them, when there is no law that prescribes the ways and means by which it shall be levyed etc. (ii) Whether the Justices are not liable to be prosecuted for one of the highest misdemeanors who shall venture to impose an heavy pol-tax, without being directed by any law so to do, or impowered or appointed to lay any levy at all in the case of the Burgesses. ¾ p.
133. vii. Journal of Lt. Governor Spotswood's travells undertaken for the publick service 1711–1717. 5026 miles. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. Nos. 66, 66. i–vii.]
March 25.134. Office accounts of the Board of Trade, Dec. 25, 1718—March 25, 1719. v. Journal of Council. [C.O. 388, 77. Nos. 58, 60, 62.]
March 28.
Custom Ho., London.
135. Commissioners of Customs to [? Lords Commissioners of the Treasury]. Upon complaints of a fraudulent practice of importing first and second clayed sugars from Barbados as brown Muscovadoes (described), we are of opinion it will be for the benefit of the revenue and an encouragement to the sugar planters in Jamaica and also to the refiners of this Kingdom that a duty between the duties on white sugars and the duties on Muscovado be laid on all clayed sugars; that the duties on brown muscovado sugars be continued as at present and that the present duties on white sugars do cease; By which means the present disputes arising from the difficulty of judging of the different sorts of sugars by the colours or fineness only will be remov'd etc. Signed, J. Stanley, M. Dudley, J. Pulteney, J. Walker. Endorsed, Recd., (from Mr. Bampfield), Read 9th April, 1719. 4 pp. Enclosed,
135. i. Correspondence relating to above, and petition of sugar bakers of Bristol, etc. Signed, David Macie and Coy., Caleb Loyd, 23rd Feb.—18th March, 1719. 2½ pp. [C.O. 28, 15. Nos. 48, 48. i.]
March 29.136. Deposition of William Maxwell of Boston. Master of the Friendship of London, in her voyage from Boston to Gibraltar, on 28th Jan. last, off Cape Sparteel he met with a Moorish ship of 20 guns and a galley with which they ingaged from 6 in ye morning till noon, when having but five cartridges of powder left, he sunk his pink and landed 10 leagues east of Cadiz in his boat. He and his crew were made prisoners and stripped, and some of them forced on board a transport etc. There were about 50 transports and seven men of war in the Bay etc. Powder, small arms, guns and 10,000 soldiers on board the transports, with 30 days provisions, besides store ships, bound, some say to Ireland, some to Scotland, some to Torbay, and others to Jamaica. Sir Mark Forrester, Commander under ye flag tried to induce informant to go with him. 10 more men of war reported near Cales etc. Signed, Wm. Maxwell. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 898. No. 29.]