America and West Indies
August 1719, 1-7

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1933

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185-205

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'America and West Indies: August 1719, 1-7', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 31: 1719-1720 (1933), pp. 185-205. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74075 Date accessed: 02 August 2014.


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Contents

August 1719, 1-7

Aug. 3.347. Mr. West to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Report on Acts passed in Barbados in 1717 and 1718. Enumerates 18 to which no objection is taken. In the (expired) Act requiring all persons to bring into the Treasurer's Office a list of all orders due to them from the publick, it would have been reasonable to allow a longer time than 15 days, a limit which may be very injurious to persons dwelling out of the Island etc. There are 4 private Acts not proper to be past into law:—(i) An Act to dock the intail of a plantation in the parish of St. James's etc. and to vest the fee simple in William Thorpe, youngest son of Robert Thorpe decd. Tho' there is a reservation of the right of Thomas Thorpe who in case he shou'd return into Barbado's wou'd be intituled unto the estate in fee, yet it is upon this condition that he shou'd live in the Island. Now tho' this is in pursueance of the testator's will, yet while it stood upon the foot of the will, Thomas Thorpe might and perhaps with success have disputed the validity of that condition but if it be annext unto his estate by the passing of this Act into law he is then bound down to the performance of that condition without remedy and his removall out of the Island to reside even in England might be construed to be a forfeiture of his estate. I submitt it to your Lordshipps to determine how farr conditions of this nature are to be incouraged or not. (ii) An Act to dock the intail on certain plantations in the parish of St. Thomas and St. James, and to vest the same in Joseph Gibbs. The estates are derived from the wills of two different testators who created the intailes and reserved upon the determination of the intailes the remainder in fee to their respective right heirs and yet there is no recitall in this Act (by which it is proposed to dock the said severall intailes) of the severall consents of the next heirs of either of the said testators which I conceive to be not only requisite in consequence of the Governours Instructions but even of naturall justice and equity. (iii) An Act to dock the intail on two messuages and three peices of land in the town of St. Michael, and on certain negros slaves and to vest the fee simple thereof in Martha Lenoir wife of John Lenoir Esquire and daughter and heir of William Craggs Esq. late of the town of St. Michael merchant deceas'd. My objection is that it is impertinent, for Martha Lenoir hath an estate in fee simple without it, etc. (iv) An Act to dock the intail limitted on certain lands etc. in the parish of Saint Philip, and to invest the fee thereof in John Jones Gentleman. Tho' there is in it a reservation of the right of the Crown yet it is not proper to be confirmed upon the account that a clause is wanting to save the rights of all bodyes politick and all other persons whatsoever not mentioned in the Act etc. Signed, Richd. West. Endorsed, Recd. 6th Aug., 1719, Read 5th July, 1720. 8½ pp. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 92].
Aug. 3.348. Mr. Philips to Mr. Popple. Encloses following to be laid before the Council of Trade etc. Signed, A. Philips. Endorsed, Recd., Read 4th Aug., 1719. 1 p. Enclosed,
348 i. Col. Vetch to Mr. Philips. July 29th, 1719. I have the favour of yours with relation to the limits betwixt the province of New York and the French of Canada, etc. As they have never yet bein determined, so each party claims what seems most convenient and advantageous for them, etc. Signed, Sam. Vetch. 1 p. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 530. [C.O. 5, 1051. Nos. 96, 96. i; and 5, 1124. pp. 113–115].
Aug. 4.349. Memorial presented to the Council of Trade and Plantations by the Proprietary of Carolana (Dr. Cox). In obedience unto your Lordships commands, I thought it expedient to add unto the Memoriall presented unto King William and wherewith he was so well satisfyed that he was pleas'd to order a Council which was very numerous wherein it was read debated and accepted unanimously with great applause and H.M. often declared he was so sensible of the English Nations interest in this affair both for promoting their trade and securing them from the inconveniences that might accrue unto the English Plantations upon ye Continent etc. that he was pleas'd to order me frequently to consult my Lord Sommers then Lord Chancellor and others who all gave me the greatest encouragement to proceed as did H.M. frequently, with assurances of his ayd and assistance both of ships, men and money. It pleasd God to take him to himself and notwithstanding my frequent aplications afterwards I had many favourable promises though never yet found any good effects thereof. Other affairs which seemed to them of greater moment wholy takeing up their thoughts. Whereupon I have ever since desisted from prosecuting further an affair which could never have succeeded without aid and countenance from the publick. But since the Lords Justices and your Lordships have thought fitt to revive the consideration of this undertaking and your Lordships have required me to acquaint you with whatsoever of moment hath come to my knowledge relating unto our just and due right unto the Province of Carolana or Florida etc. Gives an account of English and French claims and discoveries. A version, with variations, of C.S.P. 1699, No. 967. Endorsed, Recd. 4th, Read 13th Aug., 1719. 13½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 128].
[Aug. 4.]350. Mr. Dummer to [? Council of Trade and Plantations]. Memorial upon the boundaries of Nova Scotia. The French have encroached upon us by erecting fishing stages at Petty Canso, for even if we should admit, what the French have lately invented, that the Gut of Canso is the little mouth of the Bay of St. Lawrence, it would not give them a title to Petty Canso, this not being in the Gut, but making it etc. Signed, Jer. Dummer. Endorsed, Recd. Read 4th Aug., 1719. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 43].
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
351. Mr. Delafaye to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following from Col. Stanhope, H.M. Minister now with the French Army, by command of the Lords Justices, etc. You are to report how far you find they may have a foundation for this demand, and how far it may be proper to comply etc. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Footnote refers to Representation, "transmitted to Mr. Secretary Stanhope, 21st March, 1715, but nothing more done on it." Endorsed, Recd., Read 5th Aug., 1719. 1 p. Enclosed,
351 i. Extract of letter from Col. Stanhope to Mr. Secretary Craggs. Enclosing following etc. Aug. 4th (N.S.), 1719. 1 p.
351 ii. Extract of Memorial presented by the States of Guipuscoa to the Duke of Berwick at the camp before St. Sebastian. 5th Aug. (N.S.), 1719. Refer to Treaty of Utrecht, and request to be confirmed in freedom of fishing in the ports of Placentia and Newfoundland, "of which the ancestors of the Province were the first discoverers," etc. Spanish. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 66, 66 i., ii; and (without enclosures) 195, 6. p. 509].
[Aug. 4].352. (a) M. de Pontchartrain to M. de Costebelle. Order to evacuate Placentia. Sept. 29, 1713. Copy. 1 p. Endorsed, Recd. Read 4th Aug., 1719. 1 p.
(b) Order by the French King for the surrender of Placentia etc. Sept. 29, 1713. Copy. ½ p. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 64, 65; and 195, 6. p. 508].
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
353. Mr. Popple to Mr. Richd. Harris, mercht. Besides what my Lords Commissrs. have desired of you to-day, you would do a considerable service if you could give them any certain information that we were the first discoverers of Newfoundland, and particularly whether Sir Sebastian Cabot was not there before the Spaniards. [C.O. 195, 6. p. 510].
Aug. 7.
Whitehall.
354. Circular letter from the Council of Trade and Plantations to Governors of Plantations on the Continent of America. It being necessary for H. M. Service and for the benefit of the Plantations, that the limits or boundaries of the British Colonies on the Continent of America, should be distinctly known and marked out, more particularly so far as they may border on the settlements made by the French or any Foreign Nation, we desire you to send us, as soon as you possibly can, the best informations you can get upon this subject, with respect to the boundaries of H.M. Province/Colony under your Government, together with a chart or map, and the best accounts and vouchers you can obtain to support the same, more particularly with relation to any settlements that may have been made by the English on the frontiers towards the Lakes and mountains: You will at the same time inform us, whether the subjects of any foreign Prince have made any encroachment on the Province/Colony under your Government, etc. [C.O. 324, 10. pp. 264, 265].
[Aug. 7].355. Petition of William Gerrish of Mountserratt Esqr., to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses list of sufferers and their losses by the invasion of Montserrat under M. Cassart, which he received from the President of the Council etc. "Mountseratt has ever since been in a very ruinous and sinking condition." Prays for their Lordships' good offices etc. Endorsed, Recd. Read 7th Aug., 1719. 1 p. Enclosed,
355 i. Account of losses of the several inhabitants of Montserrat from the invasion of 1712, sworn to by them. Total, £209,794 10s. 1d. 272 individual claims. Same endorsement. 6½ pp. [C.O. 152, 12. Nos. 147, 147 i.]
Aug. 7.
Barbadoes.
356. Governor Lowther to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses list of papers sent 30th May. Continues:—As I hope most of 'em have fallen under your Lordship's consideration before now, so I persuade myself you'l be of opinion that I've given no just cause of complaint either to Francis Sansa [=Lansa. v. 8th Jan., 1720. Ed.] the Portugueze (if any such person there be) or to the Society for the propagation of the Gospel etc. Refers to Minutes of Council. Continues: As the charges contained in Sansa's petition are only supported by the deposition of Jean Demoraçin a Portugueze Jew who was late master of the said ship St. Louis, and as Mr. Lascelles and I have (by our several depositions) denied those which relate to us, so I humbly conceive that the first thing considerable in this point is the character and quallity of the accuser and accused etc. As to those facts in the Jew's deposition which are capable of being refuted by other evidences, it is done so substantially as to leave no room to doubt of his being perjur'd, if not suborn'd, etc. He possitively swears that I tooke from him the licence that he obtain'd from Mr. Sharp to land his cargo and refit his ship, and that I tore the same in pieces. Now these facts I've not only deny'd upon oath, but Mr. Lassels to whom the said licence was directed did not only produce it before the Court of Errors on 14th April but also deposed that he received it from Demoracin on 9th May, 1715, and kept it in his own custody ever since etc. Nicholas Hope, Attorney at law, who was private secretary to William Sharpe, says the petition and order so produced is of his handwriting etc. and that the name Jean Demoracin is the handwriting of Demoraçin, and the name William Sharp subscribed to the order is the handwriting of Sharp etc. Confirmed by Robert Warren, Attorney at law, and Blunt Sadler etc. He is also proved to be perjured in swearing that he was obliged by the Collector to consent to the shifting of a great part of his sugar from chests to hogsheads and that a great quantity was taken from him under colour of the shifting, for it is fully proved by the depositions of the Collector, John Hinton Landwaiter, and Blunt Sadler that none of the said Demoracin's sugars were shifted but by his own voluntary consent and orders, and it was all redelivered to him etc. It is above 40 months before any complaint was made of the pretended injuries etc. Notwithstanding all the noise and rant which William Walker, Priest Gordon, William Sharpe, the Trions, some of the Propagators of the Gospel, and other of there crew have made of it, yet neither the complainant nor any of the plotters against my reputation and fortune have yet served me with the preparitory order to bring the said complaint to a judicial determination made 12th March last by the Committee for hearing Appeals etc., tho the execution and return of the said order is limited to six months from the date thereof. As I've great reason to believe that Priest Gordon and William Walker were the chief agents in contriving both Sansa's petition and Demoracin's affidavit against me, as also ye Society's most malicious and frivolous complaint, so I thought it proper to take notice in my defence of the scandalous and wicked attempt which Walker made some years ago against the father of Mr. Lillington the bearer hereof: Your Lordships will see by ye Grand Jury's last Address to the King (inclosed) that I'm not singular in my opinion of Mr. Walker. Sansa's petition is false and scandalous and contrived to git me recalled before I could make my defence, etc. Demoracin is a wretched perjured fool, etc. As to the mighty grievances contained in the Society's petition to H.M., etc., they amount to no more than my ordering their Attorney here to deposit their plantation bookes in the hands of the Deputy Secretary for the inspection of Mr. Cunningham, the Council and myself, etc. The occasion of my giving those orders was from a letter I received from one David Humpheryes Secretary to the Society, vizt.: The S.P.G. received a letter lately from Barbados, a copy of which they now communicate to you: the person who subscribed the letter is the Reverend Mr. Cuningham Incumbent of St. John's, etc. The letter contains a very high arraignment of the Society's proceedings and therefore they could not in honour and justice to themselves but acquaint you with this charge and beg the favour of you to cause such matters of fact as concern persons or things in Barbadoes to be examined in the proper method, etc. On the 7th April, 1718 their Attorney's made application to me to examine the said allegations etc. From hence I conceive it was natural to suppose that the Society intended I should make a strict and impartial enquiry into the matters of fact etc. Now as this enquirey could not be impartially made with regard to Mr. Cunningham and the Society without the inspection of their books I could not discharge the duty of an honest man and the trust they had imposed upon me, being Mr. Cunninghame could not possibly make his defence without such an inspection, nor could their manager, agent, and Attorney's have been otherwise detected of the mismanagments, frauds and abuses which they now plainly appear to be guilty off. But this the Society in their petition to the King are pleased to call an oppression, and do alledge that the delivery of their books to the Deputy Secretary was very prejudicial and ruinous to their affairs and interest, in regard their Attorneys here had daily occasion to use the sd. books papers and accounts; and that there Attorneys were thereby deprived of the rules, orders and directions they had received from the Society for the management of their affairs. In answer to these honest, wise and weighty alligations, I affirm (i) that their was not one order, rule or direction from the Society entered in the sd. bookes which were delivered to Mr. Lenoir etc. (ii) As to the prejudice sustained, I must confess it was very considerable, being their agents etc. could not proceed in keeping their accountes whilst their day-book, journal, ledger, and invoyce remained in the hands of Lenoir without being at the expence of purchasing a whole quire of paper to make a new day-booke for the interim etc. (iii) As to their desireing the King to give them such redress as may effectually secure 'em from such oppressions of me, or any other Governour for the future, I chearfully and heartily submit to it, if for the future they'l give the world no just occasion to arraign their conduct, and enter into sufficient security, for the honest and faithfull discharge of their trust to the publick. On 12th March the Committee for hearing Appeals etc. made the same order on the Society's complaint as they did Sansa's complaint, but neither the agents or attorneys of Sansa or the Society have yet served them upon me etc. Encloses resolution of Council and Assembly in relation to parson Gordon. I have a great deal to say upon this head, and of the ill usage I have received from the Bishop of London, but as I've been already so very troublesome, I shall reserve it to another occasion. I also forbear to acquaint your Lordship's of the transactions of the French at St. Lucia, being Mr. Lillington knows the whole story of it, and can give you as good an account thereof as I can pretend to do etc. Signed, Rob. Lowther. Endorsed, Recd. 19th, Read 21st Oct., 1719. 4 large pp. Enclosed,
356 i. Address of the Council and Assembly of Barbados to the Council of Trade and Plantations. 21st July, 1719. Return thanks for their just and candid report on their petition against the erecting a spirituall Court in that Island. "Innumerable are ye ills wee must suffer should that Court be ever established" etc. Signed, John Colleton, Jno. Frere, Tho. Maxwell, Tho. Maycock, Guy Ball, John Lucie Blackman, Will. Carter, Fra. Bond, Edmund Sutton, Speaker. Same endorsement. 1 p.
356 ii. Proceedings of the Court of Grand Sessions of Barbados, June, 1719. pp. 1–13. Bills of indictment and sentences in several cases recorded. pp. 14 ff. Addresses and presentments of the Grand Jury:—(a) Address of the Grand Jury of Barbados to the King. 9th and 10th June, 1719. Express abhorrence and detestation of Pretender's design to invade England, and in conjunction with the bigotted Spaniard to destroy the best and most beautiful Constitution in the world etc. Numberless are the blessings we have reced. from your Majesty's goodness. Tis to that we owe the continuance to us of our excellent Governour who upon all occations has shewn his inviolable zeal and attachment to your Majesty's service and by his prudent and just government here has endeared himselfe to us. Have heard with sorrow of the false insinuations of his enemies against him, intended to deprive them of his wise and gentle administration, etc. Continue: We have just cause to believe that Mr. Walker late of our Island has been a chief Agent in the raiseing, contriving and carrying on the late scandalls against our Governour and in framing and prosecuting the petition of one Sansa etc. Walker hath formerly been guilty of the like scandalous practices in this Island, and hath hitherto escaped the hands of justice, notwithstanding addresses by two successive General Assemblys etc., upon wch. he went off for Great Britain and there obtained her late Majesty's order for a noli prosequi; But wee hope from your Majesty's goodness and justice he will at last have the reward due to his crimes, etc. Signed, John Nurse, Richard Eaton, Pingston Murphey, Christopher Bryan, Robert Ayshford, John Carleton, Thomas Blunt, John Walke, Samuel Nusum, Lewis Cutting, John Dotin, John Terrill, John Earle, Stepn. Gibbes, John Martindale.
(b) (c) Copies of Addresses of Assembly, 6th Jan., 1708, and 11th April, 1709, referred to in preceding.
(d) Address of the Grand Jury to Governor Lowther, 9 and 10th June, 1719. Return thanks for his wise and just administration. Earnestly press H. E. to continue to protect them against the establishment of an Ecclesiastical Court, the very name of wch. is as odious, as the constitution of it would be pernicious to the inhabitants. Denounce malice of enemies who have brought false accusations against him for opposing the erecting that Court. Return thanks for making that most just and necessary enquiry into the abuses committed by the Agent here in the noble and munificent donation of General Codrington etc. Beg H. E. to use his interest at home to prevent any further imposts upon the produce of the country. Conclude: Your Excellency found us unhappily divided among ourselves, and full of heart burnings rancour, and resentments, you have heal'd our divisions, and brought back peace, concord and mutual benev'lence among us. Tis to your Excellency that we owe that the odious names of faction and party are no more, that Justice flows in a free and constant course etc. By these honest arts you are become dear to us and a necessary part of our happyness etc. Signed as (a).
(e) Address of the Grand Jury to George Lillington, C.J. Commend his prudence, justice and knowledge etc. Refer to the patriotism of his persecuted father etc. Same signatures.
(f) Presentments of the Grand Jury, 9th and 10th June, 1719. (i) Pray that all laws against immorality and prophaneness may be strictly put in execution. (ii) Several donations for erecting publick schools etc. have been scandalously ill managed and misapplyed. Pray that diligent inquiry may be made into all publick charitys, and that they may be applyed to the ends for which they were intended by the donors, the want of publick schools for the education of youths being in great measure the cause of the present corruption of manners. (iii) The badness of the roads, highways and bridges throughout this Island, and the ill condition of the streets, alleys and wharfs in Bridge Towne, often complayned of by former Grand Jury's have not as yett been remedied. (iv) The Judges of the respective Courts of Common Pleas had by an ancient law of this Island the nomination of their own Marshalls, but that law was repealed (v. 1709), and the marshalls of all the Courts vested in the Provost Marshall, in consideration that he was obliged to keep a good goal. Pray that he may putt and keep the publick goal in good repair. (v) A clandestine and illegall trade has of late been carryed on by severall ill disposed persons, between this Island Martinico and St. Lucia and negroes and other slaves have of late been frequently stolen and shipt of this Island. Pray that such trade may be stopped and application made to H.M. that the ships of war attending this station may be put under such regulations that they may become serviceable thereto, and that proper punishmts. may be inflicted upon the stealors of negroes. (vi) That the laws against forestallers, ingrossers and regrators be put in due execution. (vii) That the exportation of provisions from the Island when in demand, and the importers can gain a reasonable proffit may be prevented. (viii) That the granting of petty licences by two Justices of the Peace, may be regulated and restrained, the number of hucksters and punchhouses being very much increased of late to the great damage of the inhabitants and to the encouragment of vice and immorality, etc. Same signatures. The whole endorsed as covering letter. 30¼ pp.
356 iii. List of papers following. Certified as true copies. Signed, Rob. Lowther, John Lenoir, Dep. Sec. 4½ pp.
356 iv. Minutes of Council of Barbados, 21st July, 1719. Minutes of Assembly, 17th July, were sent up and read including unanimous resolutions that the character of Mr. Gordon given by H.E. is just and true; that he erected a spiritual Court without any legal authority or precedent, and that such Court will clash with the municipal laws, embarass the Government, vex and torment the gentry, depauperate the substantial freeholders, and ruin the common people etc., etc. Addresses voted etc. Copy. 14½ pp.
356 v. Letters from the Agents of Barbados (? to the Committee of Correspondence) relating to Mr. Gordon's petitions etc. Whitehall, 24th March, 1718/19. Signed, Jo. Micklethwait, John Lloyd, Geo. Bamfeild. Copy. 2 pp.
356 vi. Petition of Agents of Barbados to the King, against the erection of an ecclesiastical Court by Mr. Gordon, with H.M. reference of same, 3rd Sept., 1717. Copy. 2 pp.
356 vii. Governor Lowther to the Bishop of London, 26th April, 1717. Relating to Mr. Gordon. Copy. 3 pp.
356 viii. Representation of Council of Trade and Plantations, 17th Oct., 1718. Copy.
356 ix. Petition of Rev. W. Gordon to the King that some short day be appointed for hearing the complaint preferred against him by the Agents for Barbados etc. Copy. 1 p.
356 x. Order of Committee for hearing appeals, 12th March, 1718. Above petition dismissed, the complaint referred to not being before the Board. Signed, Edward Southwell. Copy. ½ p.
356 xi. Petition of Rev. W. Gordon to the King. Duplicate of enclosure, 15th March, 1719.
356 xii. Rev. W. Gordon to Governor Lowther. Encloses copy of licence from Bp. of London for his coming to England. April 24, 1718. Signed, W. Gordon. Copy. ½ p.
356 xiii. Bishop of London to Rev. W. Gordon. Grants permission to come to London—" The reasons you have given me … are such as I cannot but approve" etc. Somerset House, Feb. 11, 1717/18. Signed, Joh. London. Copy. ½ p.
356 xiv. Deposition of John Lenoir, Deputy Secretary of Barbados. 21st July, 1718. About 3rd inst., at the Barbados coffee house door, deponent, by the Governor's instructions, informed Mr. Gordon that, contrary to the publick report, he did not intend to hinder him from going off the Island, if he should obtain a ticket as the law directs. Gordon said he would do so and desired deponent to put up his name in the Secretary's office etc. Signed, John Lenoir. Copy. 1¼ pp.
356 xv. Minutes of Council of Barbados, 15th July, 1718. Upon information received, H.E. issued a notification denying the report that the Rev. W. Gordon had been refused a ticket to sail except under a bond of £10,000; and that H.E. had ordered his sloop not to sail etc. Copy. 1½ pp.
356 xvi. Deposition of Dr. Thomas Stokes. 5th Dec., 1716. About 24th Sept., 1706, as deponent sat at dinner at the house of Mrs. Sarah Quintyne, Mr. Gordon, Minister of ye Parish of St. James, came in and sat down at the table. After a little while he called two or three negroes about him, and whispered to them, and then sent them away. After this, he said that the goune and cassock were a troublesome wear, and so threw his goune by, and I taking notice of the indecencey told him if they were so he ought to put on another garb. After this his deportment seemed civill toward me shaking me by the hand and drinking my health etc. But waiting at the door for me afterwards, he shewed me a paper, and asked whether that was my hand. I told him it was. He desired me to walk along with him. I told him I would where he pleased, and talking with him in relation to the challenge he sent Mr. Slingesby, I told him I could not in honour treat with him on what he might charge me with till he had first returned the blows that Mr. Slingesby gave him at ye hole for not giving him a meeting according to his own challenge, and then I would be at his service etc. He urged me further, and I told him 'twas better for him to throw off his cassock and put on a red coate, and looking behind me I saw many negroes following and spectators. I asked Mr. Gordon what he meant by talking so loud, and by making such gestures wth. his arms for that he would raise a tumult about us, and being comd to ye waterside at ye back of ye Councel house, he appeared to be convinced by what I had offered him on what he had charged me with, and gave me several friendly expressions, then he whipt out a pocket pistoll and instantly cockt it and clapt it hard to my breast, wth. this expression, Damn yee, I'le shout you through ye breast. I called him villain and asked him whether he designed to murder a naked man, and claped my hand upon ye barrel, wch. being short and smooth he slipt it out of my hand and nimbly retreated about five paces and presented the pistol a second time swearing as before etc. He called for his sword which his negroe delivered into his hand, and bid me draw and struck me with his cane, wch. I returned with my cane, and about this time we were parted, etc. Next day, deponent met him in the street tossing bullets to and fro in his hand threatening he would shout Mr. Slingesby through the head wherever he met him, etc. Signed, Thos. Stokes. Copy. 1½ closely written pp.
356 xvii. Deposition of Francis Eginton, 26th Oct. 1706. Standing at the door of Mr. Irish's house in the Hole Town, deponent saw Arthur Slingsby come to Mr. Gordon and ask him to speak with him. Gordon answered yes, and walked with him a little, and then Slingsby caned him, etc. Afterwards Gordon put up a paper on Irish's door. Slingsby took it down and caned him again. Signed, Francis Eginton. Copy. 1 p.
356 xviii. Deposition of Capt. Kingston Townesend, 26th Oct. 1706. Arthur Slingsby told deponent he had beaten Parson Gordon once, and would beat him again. Deponent said you had better let him alone, for yt. he carryed pistolls in his cassock, etc. Signed, King Townesend. Copy. 1 p.
356 xix. Deposition of Rev. Wm. Gordon, 26th Oct. 1706. On 16th Sept. he met Slingsby at Saml. Irish's house (v. No. xvii), who said, "Have you considered the impudent letter you sent me, to which deponent answered, Why did you not meet me; Slingsby answered, importing that he did: and thereupon said Damn you, you are a rascall, and immediately struck him over his head wth. a large cane. Deponent endeavoured to close in wth. him, Slingsby clapt his hand to his sword, upon which deponent retired and stoopt down to look for a stone. Slingsby advanced and struck him again with his cane, upon which deponent was forced to retire into Irish's house. Signed, Willm. Gordon. Copy. 1 p.
356 xx. Bishop of London to Rev. Mr. Ramsay in Barbados. Fulham, Feb. 20, 1706. Instructs him to enquire into an account he has seen of Mr. Gordon assaulting a gentleman there in a brutish and lewd manner, etc. If the matter appears notorious, I would desire you would git some Justice of the Peace take ye affidavits of witnesses and meantime to admonish him to stand suspended till he shall hear further. Indeed, if the matter of fact be so bad, as it is related, it would be very well, if the Island could be made too hott for him, etc. Signed, H. London. Copy. 1 p.
356 xxi. Address of Council of Barbados to Governor Lowther. Congratulate his return and complain of Mr. Sharpe's displacing magistrates and packing the Assembly in his absence. Propose that a new Assembly be elected, etc. 9 signatures. Copy. 1 p.
356 xxii. Charge to the Grand Jury by Thomas Maxwell, Chief Judge of the Court of Grand Sessions, June, 1715. Directs them to enquire whether prevalence of offences is not due to ill examples of some of the clergy, etc. Copy. 1 p.
356 xxiii. Address of the Grand Jury to Thomas Maxwell, in his praise. 14–16th June, 1715. Signed, Francis Wilse, Fras. White, William Wilcox, Robt. Ayshford, John Parks, Edward Chiles, Hill. Rowe, William Jeeves, William Arnoll, Jno. Chase, Haba. Sear, Richd. Dowell, John Carleton, Saml. Gittens, John Milles junr. Copy. 1 p.
356 xxiv. Address of the Same to the King. We esteem it the highest instance of your Majesty's favour to us that you have appointed Robert Lowther to be once more our governour, etc., and Mr. Micklethwaite Secretary etc. Express inviolable loyalty, etc. Copy. 1 p.
356 xxv. Address of Same to Governor Lowther. Congratulate him on his restoration to the Government. The happyness and tranquillity we formerly enjoy'd under your Excellency's wise and impartial administration, had sufficiently endeared your Excellency to ye inhabitants of this Island, but the many grievances and oppressions wch. we have since labour'd under during ye laste presidencye of Mr. Sharpe have more sensibly convinced us of ye value and esteem wch. we ought to entertain for your Excellcey., etc. Complain of Mr. Sharpe as in No. xxi. Copy. 1 p.
356 xxvi. Presentments of the Grand Jury of Barbados, to C. J. Thomas Maxwell, 14th–16th June, 1715: (i) We pray that the laws made against immorality and prophaness be strictly put in force and that all incouragement be given for ye education of youth in learning and religion. (ii) That the concourse of negroes in the several towns on the Sabboth day be suppress'd, that watches be regularly kept, etc. (iii) That an Act may speedily pass for ye efectual repairs of ye publick highways and warfs, for paving the streets of ye town of St. Michaels, and for the rebuilding the Indian bridge etc. (iv) That the publick goal may be render'd more firme and substantial etc. (v) Regulation of the Militia and inspection of magazines and fortifications. (vi) A settlement of the Court of Exchequer. (vii) Ascertainment of fees, and efectual provision made against the great abuses committed by the Marshalls of the several Courts. (viii) That a review be taken of the Acts relating to the detinue of negroes and forcible possessions, and for conveying of estates, the many deficiencies therein having given great disquiet etc. (ix) That a law be made to oblige such persons who have sons or daughters and not sufficient estates to maintane them reputably, to put them out apprentices to handycraft trades, and other honest imployments, and that where the parents are not able to do it, ye respective parrishes where such children inhabit may be obliged to put them out apprentices in a proper and decent manner within some limited time, wch. may be of great service in preventing idleness, etc. (x) That an Act be speedily pass'd to incourage ye bringing in of white servants for ye better strengthening the forces, and manureing ye waste lands, and also that proper means be taken to incourage ye settlement of tennants on Militia, for that they having generaly familys are the more likely to be zealous in defence of the Island. (xi) That a strict examination be taken of all publick donations and a report thereof made to the Government, in order to ye redressing such abuses as have been committed therein, so much to the dishonour of our country and to ye obstruction of charity. (xii) Many years experience having convinc'd us of ye great advantages we have reaped by the printing our laws, but some of them being now repeal'd others alter'd and several additions made to them, and also many new laws having been since enacted, we humbly offer that a judicious review be taken of all our laws, and that a compleat collection of them be carefully made, in order to a new impression of them for ye publick good. (xiii) Whereas there has been oftentimes and very lately great numbers of horses and asses sent off this Island to Martineco and other French Collonys, we do therefore present this as highly injurious and destructive to ye inhabitants of this Island in ye culture of there lands; and of the greatest benefit and advantage to ye French: and do pray that some speedy remedy be found to putt a stopp to this pernicious trade by severely punishing ye offenders. Lastly, we intirely agree wth. yr Honour, that the ill examples of some of the Clergy have in great measure contributed to the vices and offences wch. of late have been practic'd among us. We do therefore humbly represent it as the most efectual means to amend the morals of the people that proper methods be taken to prevent the misbehaviours of the Clergy, and particularly that they may be restrained from intermedling in matters of politicks and trade, which are so foreign to ye designes of their holy function. Signed as No. xxiii. Copy. 2 pp.
356 xxvii. Governor Lowther's speech to the Assembly. Copy. 1½ p.
356 xxviii. Address of the Council and Assembly of Barbadoes to the King. 5th July, 1715. Congratulate his happy accession to the Crown etc., and return thanks for delivering them from the intollerable government of the president and for sending Governor Lowther etc. Signed, Isaac Lenoir, Clerk of the Council; William Grace, Clerk of the Assembly. 1 p.
356 xxix. Address of the Assembly of Barbados to Governor Lowther. 28th June, 1715. Express grateful sense of benefits formerly received by his wise and just administration and join in welcoming H.M. accession and H.E.'s return. Will endeavour to restore the credit of the Island and enquire into the debts contracted under Mr. Sharpe. Agree with Grand Jury as to evil example of some of the Clergy. Mr. Gordon leaves his benefice several weekes together, and from time to time goes to Martinique, a popish country and there trades, and brings from thence great quantities of contraband goods, such as brandy and French wines, and in a publick store in St. Michaels town sells the same, this with his playing at dice in publick tavrons, and in publick company till midnight, and seranading with fiddles from house to house the greatest part of a night together, with his being a principal promoter of our late unhappy differences and divisions, we think no small scandal to the Church and Religion we profess. Pray H.E. to take such measures as may prevent the Ministers of the Island from meddleing with matters of politicks etc. Signed as preceding. 1¾ closely written pp.
356 xxx. (a) Rev. W. Gordon to Governor Lowther. Replies to Nos. xxii., xxvi. and xxix. 14th July, 1715. In 1701 I was sent by the late Bishop of London to supply a vacant parish in this Island etc. The Act which I procured under Sir B. Granville for the better encouragement of the clergy, providing each rector with an annuity of £150, rescued them from servile dependance upon the Vestries and provoked the malice and revenge of those who had, till then, so lorded it over them etc. My soliciting that law has ever since been called a meddleing with politicks, and my friendship for the Church's benefactors a siding with a party, and the minister who exerted his liberty traduced as proud and insolent. This resentment sculked in private till 1712 when the clergy were publickly attacked. Col. Cleland going to London was applied to by the clergy to interpose to procure houses and glebes for such as wanted them. Thereupon Mr. Maxwell, then a member of the Assembly, prevailed with that house to agree to some resolves highly reflecting upon us. At the same time a rumor that the clergy had imploy'd Col. Cleland to sollicit for ye tythes of every man's estate was so industriously spread abroad that it was firmly believed in spite of our most solemn protestations, and occasioned indignation which has not yet been got over etc. Mr. Maxwell (v. xxii) made choice of a Grand Jury, many of them mean persons and mechanicks, and one of them a few weeks before punished for living in open adultry, who made a presentment in accordance with his charge (Nos. xxii, xxvi). I protested in the pulpit against such false accusations, and was threatened that some would waylay and beat and distroy me. Mr. Maxwell was so farr inrag'd that at the next sitting of the Assembly he procured the addition of a clause to their Address to H. E. repeating the sd. accusation of the Grand Jury and decending to some particular aspersions against me (No. xxix). If these charges were true, as they are not, in the invidious manner represented, yet not one of them is essentially vicious or immoral etc. I have been 14 years Minister in this Island and challenge any man to prove that I have been guilty of vice, immorality or profaneness etc. It is a real encomium that so little has been found to find fault with. Has been the mediator and composer of many quarrels etc. Signed, W. Gordon. Subscribed,
(b) Certificate by the Vestrymen of St. Michael's that Mr. Gordon is a gentleman of sober life and conversation, an excellent preacher and universally beloved and esteemed by all his parishioners etc. Signed, Saml. Cox, Wm. Kirkham, J. Durousseau, H. Hall, Hen. Peers, Alex. Cuningham, A. Skene, Thos. Dinning, Edwin Carter, Wm. Charnley, Wm. Cogan, Patrick Thomsone, Jno. Lane. 5 pp.
356 xxxi. Thomas Maxwell to Governor Lowther. Reply to preceding. My charge was directed against some of the clergy. The Rev. Gilbert Ramsay, Minister of my parish, will prove that I am a steadfast member of the Church of England etc. If the Bishop of London were to see Mr. Gordon, after hearing him preach in the forenoon upon the Lord's day, spend the remaining part of that day in climbinge trees, swinging from one limb to another and useing such postures and actions as I have seen him guilty of not long since, his lordship would think it a very unseemly and unbecoming sight in a clergyman, further if his lordship was to see him make it his business to be at publick cockfightings where generally the most profane oaths and curses are made use of, and there spend his time in laying wagers on ye cocks etc., and after this to appear in a publick tavern and there play at dice untill midnight (which is his common practice), and find him throw off his ministerial habit and take upon him a layman's dress, and both marry and baptize in the same, and leave his parish for many weeks together even in lent time, to go trading to Martinique amongst the Jesuits and popish priests and merchants there, contrary to the laws of England, no doubt he would judge these things to be ill examples, and if he was to hear the report spread over the Island of Mr. Gordon's frequent going to mass in the mass houses in Martineco, and find how little notice he has taken to clear himself of such an aspersion, his lordship no doubt would think he gives the world reason to believe him guilty and that if he stirr'd he would stink worse. He did not first come to Barbados with an affidavit by the Bishop of London as he suggests. He was first brought to this Island as a covenanted servant, then became Usher to the school kept by Rev. Mr. Callow. During that time he was taken eavesdropping at the house of Major Christopher Webbs and tossed in a blanket for such his crime. He then went to London with a letter of recommendation to the late Bishop of London etc. and returned with the recommendation the Bishop usually gives to all Ministers coming to the Plantations. I do not believe he's had any part in the law for encouragement of clergy except as scrivener. There was a law passed before he was born regulating a convenient maintenance for the clergy, and hardly any minister who behaved tolerably well but generally had upwards of £150 from their parishes before the making of that law, etc. What designes he had in serving the Church and his benefactors when he left his parents and went down to Antegua and there broke open ye goal door and let out several gentlemen confined by General Parke is beyond my finding out; but I am very well assured that his closeing ye powle against Coll. Maycock and Coll. Terrill when he acted as Sherife in ye parish of St. Lucies before he tooke one half of there legall votes, and declaring after he had so done that he had shewn ye said Maycock and Terrill a trick they little dream'd of, and his bringing a seditious paper from ye late Coll. Christopher Codderington and laying ye same before ye General Assembly wch. was in Mr. Crows Government, and allso his dilligence and industry in procuring votes upon all elections of Representatives and especially upon the late election in President Sharp's government plainly shews how busie he has been in premoting our unhappy differences. His taking upon him to marry Capt. Peter Mascoll to his late wife's own sister's daughter, after Dr. Ramsay the Minister of their parrish had refused a considerable sume of money to do the same, plainly makes him appear to be a man that will stick at nothing, etc. Refers to the ill language uttered by Mr. Gordon against himself and the Grand Jury in his pulpit. Continues:—I understand he has denyed to your Excellcy., notwithstanding some hundreds of persons that heard him can prove it etc. I took it for granted the Jury were all fitly qualified etc. If one of them has been guilty of loving another man's wife, it is what I did not know, but the world has done Mr. Gordon a great deal of injustice if he hath not been guilty of the same thing etc. Signed, Tho. Maxwell. Copy. 5½ closely written pp.
356. xxxii. Mr. Gordon to Samuel Husbands, 8th July, 1715. Protests against his having signed the Address of the Assembly (No. xxix.) etc. Signed, W. Gordon. Copy. 1¼ pp.
356. xxxiii. Proceedings of the Vestry of St. George's parish, 12th Oct., 1713, protesting against the frequent absence of Mr. Gordon, whereby infants have died without baptism and the dead been buried without any minister etc. Copy. 1 p.
356. xxxiv. Deposition of Capt. Thomas Carew. 4th July, 1715. Deponent heard Mr. Gordon betting at a cockfight in the Fort at Oistin's towne, and on two occasions saw him win money at dice in a public tavern. Signed, Thos. Carew. Copy. 1 p.
356. xxxv. Deposition of Capt. Richard Callender. 4th July, 1715. Corroborates preceding. Signed, Richd. Callender. Copy. ¾ p.
356. xxxvi. Deposition of Capt. Hillary Rowe. 14th Sept. 1715. Deponent saw Mr. Gordon very drunk at Madam Mary Lambart's house etc. Signed, Hill. Rowe. Copy. ½ p.
356. xxxvii. Deposition of John Roberts, sexton, Christ Church. 8th July, 1715. Last Feb. Mr. Gordon preached in the absence of Mr. Gilbert Ramsay. After the sermon he rode away, without administering the sacrament to those who were waiting to receive it etc. Signed, John Roberts. Copy. 1 p.
356. xxxviii. Deposition of Stephen Prince, Clerk to the parish of Christ Church. Corroborates preceding. Signed, Stepn. Prince. Copy. ½ p.
356. xxxix. Deposition of Christopher Webb. 3rd March, 1718. Mr. Gordon was usher to Mr. Callow's school etc. Signed, Christo, Webb. Copy. 1 p.
356. xl. Deposition of John Clarke. 3rd March, 1717. Corroborates preceding and that Gordon was tossed in a hammock for eavesdropping (No. xxxi.) Signed, Jno. Clarke. Copy. ½ p.
356. xli. Deposition of Joshua Graves. 15th Sept. 1715. Released from imprisonment at Martinique, he endeavoured to purchase a parcel of brandy there, but was informed that it was laid by for Mr. Gordon, whom he saw there, etc. Signed, Joshua Graves. Copy. ¾ p.
356. xlii. Deposition of Major Christopher Webb. 20th July, 1715. When his daughter was dying, he sent for Charles Irvine, minister of St. Phillips, to pray with her. He did not come till about 9 p.m., and then refused to see her, though he stay'd in the house the drinking a cupp of punch, and the smooking two or three pipes of tobacco. Signed, Christo. Webb. Copy. ¾ p.
356. xliii. Deposition of Christopher Bryan. 20th July, 1715. On Sept. 26th, 1714, after waiting all day for the Rev. Charles Irvine to officiate and preach a funeral sermon, he was obliged to bury his mother-inlaw, Elinor Poor, without any ceremony according to the rights of the Church of England. Signed, Christopher Bryan. Copy. ½ p.
356. xliv. Deposition of Capt. William Hart. 20th July, 1715. When Mr. Sharpe, the President, had dissolved the Assembly, Mr. Irvine told deponent he would prevent him having a new one, for the writ would come to his hands and he would put it in oblivion. Signed, Wm. Hart. Copy. ½ p.
356. xlv. Deposition of Capt. Thomas Mapp. 20th July, 1715. In Jan., 1712 at an election for the vestry of St. Phillips, the Rev. Charles Irvine inserted the name of Robert Hilliar in the poll. Hilliar declared he did not vote. Irvine said it was better one man's name should be entered then there should be no vestry, etc. Signed, Thos. Mapp. Copy. ½ p.
356. xlvi. Deposition of Lt. Col. John Price. 20th July, 1715. Has often seen Mr. Irvine drink bumpers of Madera wine and punch, press others to do the same, drunk and very much in liquor, etc. Signed, John Price. Copy. ½ p.
356. xlvii. Deposition of Robert Hilliar. 20th July, 1715. Corroborates xlv. Signed, Robert Hilliar, his mark. Copy. ½ p.
356. xlviii. Deposition of John Leighten. 22nd July, 1715. Deponent lived with the Rev. Charles Irvine and John Cowley for 12 months. Cowley ordered him to drive several beasts into his house, and several negroes which used to work in common between Irvine and Cowley to go into the sd. house. Soon after Irvine came to the plantation with John Heywood, marshall to the bank, with an execution to be levied. Irvine, Heywood and Cowley dined together under a tree some small distance from the dwelling house in wch. the negroes and cattle were locked up. Signed, John Leighten. Copy. ¾ p.
356. xlix. Deposition of William Grace. 8th April, 1718. Mr. Gordon informed deponent of his commission from the Bishop of London to act as Commissary. About two days before he held his Court, he asked him to act as Apparitor, and Nicholas Hope, his Register, gave deponent several writs requiring him to cite the persons therein named before Mr. Gordon as Commissary at the usual Court House on Egginton's Green. Several appeared on 25th Oct., 1716, when Mr. Gordon's commission was published etc. Signed, William Grace. Copy. 1¼ p.
356. l. Parson Gordon's lease to Thomas Carney for glebe land in St. Michaels, 5th March, 1717. Signed, W. Gordon. Copy. 2 pp.
356. li. Proceedings of the Vestry of St. Michaels, 1st May, 1712—31st Jan. 1717. Copy. 1 p.
356. lii. Bishop of London to Governor Lowther. 3rd March, 1714. Recommends the bearer, Mr. Langton, for one of the vacant parishes in Barbados. Signed, Joh. London. Copy. ½ p.
356. liii. Same to Same. Somerset House. 15th Nov. 1715. Recommends Mr. Langton for the Parish of St. Joseph, which, since preceding was written, he learns that Mr. Wharton is willing to resign, he having another living there, etc. Signed as preceding. Copy. ½ p.
356. liv. Same to Same. Somerset House. 21st Jan. 1715/16. The bearer Mr. Accourt is recovered of the disorder he was under, and therefore I have sent him again with a licence to supply any living you shall please to assign him etc. I recommend him to your favour and protection etc. Signed as preceding. Copy. ½ p.
356. lv. Same to Same. Somerset House. Feb. 14, 1716/7. Requests him not in any way to obstruct Mr. Gordon in the execution of the office of his commissary, "to which he is appointed with such restrained powers as your instructions require, and is not a new officer but succeeds Mr. Beresford. My next request is, that your preferr to ecclesiastical liveings such ministers as have my licence and testimonials and none else, as allso that you do the same in respect of school masters, and in case you find cause to reject any such, to give me notice thereof," etc. Signed as preceding. Copy. ¾ p.
356. lvi. Same to Same. Fulham. 7th Nov. 1717. On the appointment of a commissary, etc. Signed as preceding. Copy. 1½ pp.
356. lvii. Same to Same Fulham. Sept. 25, 1717. The bearer Mr. Napleton comes to be assistant to Mr. Gordon, etc. Recommends him to his protection and favour, etc. Signed as preceding. Copy. ½ p.
356. lviii. Same to Same. Somerset House. Jan. 18, 1717/18. The bearer Mr. Deucher returns to Barbados in order to supply any vacancy that shall happen in the Church and brings with him my licence for that purpose, etc. Recommends him to his favour and protection. Signed as preceding. Copy. ¾ p.
356. lix. Deposition of Jane Addison, formerly wife of Joseph Curtis. 15th March, 1717/18. She heard her husband say that his brother Nathaniel Curtys did contract with William Gordon in England to come to Barbados to be a tutor to him, and that he was so mean a person both in body and habit that he utterly despised him, and would not be tuter'd by him. Signed, Jane Addison. Copy. ½ p. [C.O. 28, 15. Nos. 54, 54 i.–lix.; and (without enclosures) 29, 14. pp. 23–35].