America and West Indies
October 1719

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1933

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228-250

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'America and West Indies: October 1719', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 31: 1719-1720 (1933), pp. 228-250. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74079 Date accessed: 29 August 2014.


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Contents

October 1719

Oct. 1.
Custom Ho., London.
401. Mr. Carkesse to Mr. Popple. The Commrs. of Customs will give orders as desired, Sept. 30th. Signed, Cha. Carkesse. Endorsed, Recd. 1st., Read 2nd Oct. 1719. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 53.]
Oct. 1.
Placentia.
402. Lt. Govr. Gledhill to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Since my arrival here I've visited most of the harbours of this Island etc. This humble proposal I lay before your Lordship meets with the approbation of every fisherman here, who thinks 'twoud be very essential to restore the fishery to as great a pitch as ever. Your Lordship please to observe what vast distance it is from the principal ports, St. Johns from this place is 240 miles by sea and but 75 by land, and generally 6 weeks passage, so that generally there's a greater difficulty in knowing what is done there than hearing from England. Proposes to cut a road through the woods etc., employing some of the troops etc. Signed, S. Gledhill. Endorsed, Recd. 13th, Read 19th Nov., 1719. 2 pp. Enclosed,
402. i. Sketch map of Newfoundland. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 70, 70. i.]
Oct. 2.
African Ho.
403. John Evans to Mr. Popple. Encloses following. Endorsed, Recd. 3rd Oct. 1719. Read 17th Feb., 1719/20. 1¾ pp. Enclosed,
403. i. Royal African Co. to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Reply to 17th Sept. The Dutch carry great numbers of negro slaves to Eustatia, where they dispose of them to the English Plantations and take in return sugars and other commodities, the product of those Plantations, which they carry directly to Holland, etc. As to your Lordships' information, that the Leeward Islands are not so well supplyed with negroes by the English African traders as they used to be, the entryes of slaves into these Islands are not in our power; but the more negroes are clandestinely brought in the fewer will be fairly imported etc. We cannot doubt but yor. Lordships will reflect, that so far as this clandestine trade is carryed on, so much the Plantations are become independant on this Kingdome. Signed, By Order of the Court of Assistants, John Evans, Secretary. 1¾ pp. Enclosed.
403. ii. John Helden, Collector of Customs, St. Kitts, to the Court of Assistants of the Royal African Company. London, Sept. 19th, 1719. Reports trade in Dutch negroes as above. Continues:—I seized several of those negroes in St. Christophers and brought them to tryall as Dutch merchandize illegally imported, but the Judge of the Admiralty have always acquitted them etc. Signed, John Helden. 1 p. [C.O. 388, 21. No. 219; and (without enclosures), 389, 27. p. 360.]
Oct. 2.
Whitehall.
404. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. Narrate Mr. Weir's information as to an intended attack upon St. Vincent's by the French and their proposal to settle upon Sta. Lucia (No. 384. i.) Continue: We have discours'd with him, and he has confirm'd to us, what he wrote, and added that before he left Martinico Monsr. Martin was arrived etc. Recapitulate English claim to Sta. Lucia and St. Vincent. (cf. C.S.P. 1708, 1709. No. 554. i. etc). Continue: As it appears to us by the severall papers mentioned that H.M. title to Sta. Lucia is fully demonstrated, antecedent to any pretence made by the French; we humbly crave leave to take notice of the great importance the preservation of ye said Island may be of to this Kingdom. 1st Because the wood and timber upon it, which has been constantly fetch'd from thence to Barbados, is of absolute necessity to that Island as well for H.M. Forts there, as for all private occasions. 2nd The possession of it by any foreign nation might be of the utmost ill consequence to the other Islands belonging to H.M. in those parts; Because there are at Sta. Lucia two very good harbours for ships; and all ships from Barbados are oblig'd to pass to leeward, and for the most part in sight of that Island. Besides the soil of Barbados and of some others of our Sugar Islands is so worn out, that it does not now produce sugar canes without great charge in manuring, and the land at Sta. Lucia being fresh and not exhausted may produce such large crops of sugar without the expence of manuring, that if it shou'd be planted by any foreigners it wou'd prove of very great prejudice to Barbados and the rest of our Sugar Plantations. Upon the foregoing considerations both of right and interest the following Instruction was given by his late Majesty King William to the Govr. of Barbados in 1699 and the same has been continued ever since, vizt., Instn. 106 "If any the subjects of a foreign Prince or State have already planted themselves upon any of the Islands of Sta. Lucia, Dominico, St. Vincents, or Tobago, or shall hereafter attempt to do the same you are to assert our right to the said Islands exclusive of all others, and in order to hinder ye settlemt. of any Colony there you are to give notice to such foreigners, that shall pretend to make such settlemts. that unless they shall remove within such time as you in your discretion shall assign, you shall be oblig'd by force to dispossess and send them from off the said Islands." (cf. C.S.P. 1699. No. 939. i.) We therefore humbly crave leave to offer unto your Excellencies that care may be taken in such manner as your Excellencies shall think most proper to maintain H.M. right to the foresaid Island of Sta. Lucia, and to hinder the French from settling upon it. Autograph signatures. 7 pp. Enclosed,
404. i. Thomas Weir to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Sta. Lucia. [Copy of No. 384. i.]
404. ii. Two copies of Treaty between William Lord Willoughby of Parham, Governor of Barbados etc, and several of the chief Captains of the Island St. Vincents. v. C.S.P. 1668. No. 1717. 2 pp. [C.O. 260, 3. Nos. 1, 1. i., ii.; and (without enclosures) 29, 14. pp. 14–20.]
Oct. 4.
Hamoose near Plimo.
405. Governor Hunter to Mr. Popple. On the 24th of last moneth we were put in here by contrary winds which have continued so to this hour, so I judg'd it necessary to send to their Losps. the Minutes of our last Session of Assembly at N. York etc. Untill we came within 100 leagues of land I could not stir off my bed but have ever since that time recover'd wonderfully that I am now in full hopes of a totall recovery etc. I intend for the bath as speedily as may be and hope to return to ton in full vigour by the season of buss'nesse etc. Expresses friendship and gratitude. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. Read 8th Oct., 1719. Holograph. 1½ pp. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 531. [C.O. 5, 1051. No. 99; and first sentence only 5, 1124. p. 119.]
[Oct. 6.]406. Petition of Zechariah Richardson and Rebecca his wife to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Pray that the Act of Pennsylvania, 1718, for vesting the house etc. of William Clarke decd. in trustees, to be sold for payment of his debts, may not be confirmed. The property in Philadelphia was settled on Rebecca and her first husband, Clark jr., and their issue. The settlement was in consideration of £3,000 to be had by Clarke on his marriage with Rebecca. This Act was passed whilst they were in Barbados. It is a stratagem of Andrew Hamilton, the tenant, to prevail upon them to sell the house. Clark senr. left estate sufficient to pay his debt to William Howson, for which Clarke junr., decd., was bound. The three children of the marriage are deprived of their maintenance by this Act; etc. Endorsed, Recd. 6th, Read 7th Oct., 1719. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 131.]
[Oct. 6.]407. Petition of Same to Same. Pray to be heard against above Act. Same endorsement. ½ p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 132.]
Oct. 6.
Whitehall.
408. Mr. Delafaye to the Earl of Stair. Encloses Representation concerning the French settlement at Sta. Lucia. Continues: The Lords Justices direct you to enquire into this matter and to send such informations as you shall be able to procure concerning it to my Lord Stanhope to be laid before H.M. etc. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Copy. 1 p. Enclosed,
408. i. Copy of No. 404. [C.O. 253, 1. Nos. 4, 4. i.; and (duplicates) 6, 6. i.]
Oct. 6.
Whitehall.
409. Mr. Delafaye to Mr. Pulteney and Col. Bladen, H.M. Commissaries at Paris for matters relating to the Colonies in America. Similar letter to that to Lord Stair supra. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 5.]
Oct. 7.
Navy Office.
410. Commissioners of H.M. Navy to Mr. Popple. Reply to letter of 23rd Sept. with extracts from Mr. Bridger's letters. The preservation of masts and all sorts of timber trees, as well as the propagation of Naval Stores in generall, in America, is of very great importance to H.M. service, and cheifly depends upon a diligent and skilfull Surveyor of H.M. woods, supported by the Governments in the Plantations, and we hope they will be instructed, to take care of preventing the abuses complain'd of by Mr. Bridger and Mr. Taylor etc., by prosecuting the offenders etc. This may be a means to preserve all pines, as well those under, for a constant supply, as those above 24 inches, of which we think especiall care should be taken, as well as that no tree should be cut to wast, but each converted as occasion shall serve by a skilfull hand, to the uses it naturally grows for. And we are further of opinion that if some restrictions were laid upon the saw mills, it might greatly conduce to the hinderance of the unlawfull distruction of timber. It's true that the making tarr and turpentine, occasions a great consumption of trees, but the necessary wast made herein, should be remedied if possible, and the tarr and turpentine improv'd, that they might be fit in every respect for the service of the Navy. As to Mr. Bridger's proposition of paying quitt rents in masts etc., we fear the charge of bringing them over on the King's account, will be near as great to H.M., as the prices we have them by contract for. Approve suggestion of sending hemp-seed etc. To obtain a constant supply of Navall Stores, equal in goodness to those of any other Nation, from H.M. own Dominions, may deserve great encouragement, that this Nation may not be put to streights, or render'd destitute of them, upon differencies with any forreigne powers. We fear the woods in America are at present very much neglected etc. Recommend the appointment of a qualified Surveyor, known to that country and a shipwright, etc. Signed, J. Acworth, T. Holmes, J. Fawler, Wm. Clerland, Tho. Colby, Jno. Swanton, R. Hampden. Endorsed, Recd. Read 8th Oct., 1719. 3 pp. Enclosed,
410. i. Extract of letter from John Taylor, mercht., to [? Commrs. of the Navy.] 7th Feb. 1717. As to what I mentioned of the difficulty to have masts as formerly in New England. My Factor there writes me that abundance are fell'd for board logs etc. and one that was at Piscataqua at Michas. last tells me he then saw some thousands of logs lying in the river and on the banks, which were cover'd with them for 3 miles at least; where are 10 or 11 mills continually employed in cutting beams, plank etc. for all uses. They were 24 to 40 in. diameter. They not only supply our Plantations but send great quantityes to Portugal, Spain, etc., and to the coast of Barbary, that if a stop is not soon put to it, the masts for H.M. service will not be had. I now give as much for them as I did in warr, when it was an extra charge to have a guard against the Indians, and can find but one sett of men that will undertake it. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 867. Nos. 54, 54. i.]
Oct. 8.
Whitehall.
411. Mr. Popple to Governor Lowther. Acknowledges letters of 9th May, 9th Nov. 1718, and 30th May, 1719. Continues: As there is very little in them that requires any particular answer at present, the Council of Trade and Plantations only command me to acquaint you that a Commission impowring you to try pirates was sent to you by Mr. Secretary Craggs with his letter of 24th Dec. 1718. Their Lordships have had under considern. the Act to impower licentiate lawyers etc., as also what you write thereupon, in order to their laying that Act before H.M. at a convenient opportunity, but their Lordships have as yet only thought proper to let it lie by as probationary. As Mr. Lillington is not yet arrived, I have nothing to add but that their Lordships have had a letter from America in July last informing them of the French design to settle on. Sta. Lucia (v. 20th June) etc. Their Lordsps. are very much surpriz'd they have heard nothing from you upon this matter which is of such importance that they think you ought not to have neglected it. Their Lordsps. are surpriz'd you have not yet given them any account of the death of Mr. Mills, tho' it is many months since they have had certain advice of it by other hands etc. They have recommended Mr. Lightfoot in his room etc. [C.O. 29, 14. pp. 21, 22.]
Oct. 8.
Whitehall.
412. Mr. Popple to Mr. West. Encloses, for his opinion, Act of Pennsylvania for vesting the estate of William Clarke in trustees etc. and Mr. Richardson's petition against it etc. [C.O. 5, 1293. p. 224.]
Oct. 12.
New Hampshire, Portsmo.
413. Mr. Bridger to Mr. Popple. In obedience to their Lordships commands, 20th March, I shall take all possible care to preserve H.M. woods etc., and am now regulating the affairs of the woods for this winter, etc. Mr. Elisha Cooke has this last General Court obtained a confirmation of an old grant made before Mr. Usher purchased the Province of Main in 1677 for 500 acres of land. Mr. Cooke goes into the woods in sd. Province without the township with one of my Deputies in a particular spot of large fine mast trees (which was by information of some of Cook's cretures) and in order there to lay out or take up ye 500 acres, and offerred it to sale to my Deputy for £500, but he being cautious of buying the King's lands, and woods, has now acquainted me therewith and I have prevailed so far wth. him as not to concerne himself farther. Mr. Cooke has wrott him since and urged him much to buy it, being in want for money offered to abate considerably, but he still declines it, and so now 'tis any one's that will buy it, and all those fine large trees will be cut into loggs by the purchaser. I viewed this very spot of timber last winter, which is the best I have yet seen: This is most certainly H.M. woods, if there are any such. By this may appear the loyalty of the Massachusetts Government and what H.M. may depend of for the future supply of his Royal Navy; by this appears also that H.M. has no woods, nor his Surveyor any busines here as has been by some asserted. By this grant of the Genll. Assembly it appears that the Govermt. has taken up the stafe against me, and that the dispute betwixt Mr. Cooke and the Surveyor is drop't; and I fear without some speedy assistance, I shall have the worst end, and be forced to resigne wch. I am not inclined to at present. There's much the same case in this province; these townships being granted by the Massachusetts near 70 years since, this very town of Portsmo. was than thought to smal, and therefore granted to the said town another grant, for a tract of land 10 miles long and five miles over, wch. never yet has been setteled, lying up in the woods above all other towns and in the middle of ye pine timber, which will be very distructive to H.M. intrest and the [?woods] near them. The old grant is now designed to be settled by this town. There is at this time and in this Province two more townships laying out, one ten miles square, the other about six, which I designe to visite in a short time etc. Prays that he may have a reward or salary for his services since 19th June, 1717. I have heard that H. M. is to buy this Province, if so, prays to be appointed Receiver General etc. Signed, J. Bridger. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Nov. 1719. Read 5th July, 1722. Addressed. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 241, 242.]
Oct. 13.
H.M.S. Swallow at St. John's.
414. Commodore Ogle to Mr. Popple. I have made the strictest enquirys into the irregularitys complain'd off in the Newfoundland Fishery, and find its not without very good reason, such complaints are made, the Admirals of the severall harbours have no manner of regard to the Act of Parliament further then what sutes their own private interrest, and are generally the greatest discouragers of the poor inhabitants, notwithstanding the voyages have prov'd very discouraging for some years past. If the inhabitants have not wherewithall to answer their engagements the Admirals and Masters of fishing ships seize all the fish and other effects before the voyage is at an end which vile practice prevents the servants prosecuting the fishing voyage to the utter ruin of the inhabitant, such methods are us'd in all the ports where H.M. ships do not remain, and were it possible to visit every harbour, yet the Admirals have no manner of regard to the orders given them by the Commanders of H.M. ships longer then they remain to inforce them. The constant, but pernitious practice of rinding trees is not to be prevented unless some person remaining in the land be impowred to prevent such irregularities, the season of rinding being in April and May, and no longer. To prevent the New England traders carrying off such numbers of fishermen I did at my arrival order bonds to be taken from all the commanders of vessells belonging to New England in £500 etc. (v. No. i), which I take to be much the better way than to detain them till my departure, it's only giving them an oppertunity of returning to St. Johns as did one Thompson that Capt. Scott carryed out with him etc. One such bond put in execution would be sufficient to break the trade etc. Encloses his orders to the Admirals to assemble the antient inhabitants and survey the rooms belonging to the planters and fishing ships, but finds that by the neglect of the fishing admirals for many years past no true account can be obtain'd, the commanders of fishing ships chooseing to hire from ye inhabitants, flakes, stages and rooms, rather then build on such places as properly belong to them, nor are the admirals and planters capable of making proper surveys, so that unless some man be appointed capable of such an undertaking their Lordships cannot have a true account of the planters and ships rooms, where it but obtained would be a means of preventing abundance of disputes. Severall ships from France and Portugall still continue to import wines, brandy, etc. the product of those Kingdoms, but as those ships generally arrive before any of H.M. ships, they take care to dispose of those commodities, so that they are not to be found, nor is it easey to get sufficient proof to condemn such vessells as are only suspected. Has seized the Catherine from Nanz. Martin French commander, as being a French ship laden with French goods, and having no papers, etc. I shall send proper evidence by H.M.S. Seahorse. This being the first seizure of that kind ever made in Newfoundland, will I hope be a means to prevent that illegall trade. I have in this affair govern'd myself by the Act 15 Charles II etc. I cannot learn that any ship belonging to France have attempted to fish on any part of Newfoundland, excepting at Grand Bay, where the St. Malo men resort yearly, and seldom less than 60 ships use that trade. Refers to enclosed scheme. The occasion of complaints of our fish from Lisbon is the boatkeepers making but indifferent voyages endeavour what they can to make their fish weigh heavy, by not giving it time to work in faggots on the flames before they heave the same into press pyle, and the often repacking their piles without letting it lye to work out the salt is the only occasion that makes the fish when it comes to be thrown in the sun to appear very white, but after three months lying in a bulk turns black and very subject to rot, etc. There is lately an attempt at setting up a salmon fishery to the noward of Cape Bonavist by one Wm. Keen a merchant in this place by whom I am inform'd that for three years last past he has caus'd to be taken 700 teirces of salmon and this season 900 quintlls. and doubts not to improve that fishery, etc. The furring trade the last year prov'd of very great advantage to the inhabitants of Bonavist, many persons having taken to the value of £40 sterling pr. man for the winter's season, all the furrs so taken is sent to Great Britain by the Poole and Limington ships useing that trade. The seil fishery to the northward is likewise of very great advantage and greatly encouraged by Mr. Keen, who yearly purchases all of that commodity, and sends for Great Britain. It's to be hoped that in a few years the inhabitants will be capable (especially those at the northward) to make the voyage of furring and seil fishing more to their advantage than the cod fishing has been for many years, and indeed if it were not for those helps it would be impossible for so many people to live for the flesh or rather fish of the said seil serves them instead of English provisions. You will be pleas'd to acquaint their Lordships that I know of no way so effectual to prevent the irregularities yearly practiced in this trade unless it be by appointing some gentleman residing in Newfoundland the winter season to be judges of the respective harbours, etc. It is a pitty so many of H.M. subjects inhabiting a place so advantageous to trade should be left to themselves to comit such outrages as they do, and no person to call them to account. To which end I must recommend Mr. Keen a merchant that has resided here 15 years etc. I am informed that Henry Edwards at Carbonear, Christopher Sheppard at Bonavist may be intrusted with such a power, the other parts are so small and near at hand that officers in those places might be sufficient to serve the whole. Signed, C. Ogle. Endorsed, Recd. 24th Nov., Read 17th Dec., 1719. 3 pp. Enclosed,
414. i.—vi. Copies of six bonds in £500 by masters of New England sloops only to carry out of Newfoundland the crews brought with them, etc. Signed, respectively, Jno. Smith, Jno. Dearing, Roger Dench, Jno. Hubbart, Foxwell Curtis, Thomas Arnold, 25th Aug.—5th Oct., 1719. Endorsed as preceding. 6 pp.
414. vii. Scheme of the Fishery of Newfoundland, 1719. Fishing ships, 69; sack ships, 28; ships from America, 22. Tuns, fishing ships, 5945; sack ships, 2660; ships from America, 1230. Men belonging to, fishing ships, 1523; sack ships, 370; ships from America, 181. Passengers, on fishing ships, 1090. Boats kept by the fishing ships, 222; by byboatmen, 117; by inhabitants, 341. Number of byboatmen, masters, 146; servants, 885. Quintals of fish made by, fishing ships, 42,180; by byboats, 19,969; inhabitants, 32,450. Quintalls of fish carried to foreigne markets, 94, 479. Train oyle made by, fishing ships, 175 tunns; by byboats, 89; by inhabitants, 129. Price of the fish 26 ryals pr. quintal; of the oyle £18 pr. tunn. Number of stages, 331; of trainfatts, 280. Inhabitants, masters, 264; menservants, 1,346; mistresses, 172; women servants, 81; children, 466. Total, 2,329. Remained in the country last winter, 1752. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 71, 71 i–vii.]
Oct. 14.
Antigua.
415. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I was in hopes that by this time I should have been able to have sent the number of inhabitants etc. required by your letter of 24th April, but notwithstanding my utmost endeavours I have not been able to get them compleated. Refers to orders (v. July 20) issued to the several Officers for delivering their accounts and returning lists. Continues: Many of the latter have been delivered to me but they are in such a confused indigested manner that I shall be obliged to order the same to be done de novo, it being impossible to range them into any tolerable method from what has been sent me, the truth of which your Lordships will perceive by a letter that I the other day received from John Davis, Esqr. President of Saint Christophers without date etc. (Encl. i.) The trouble that accrews to me upon this occasion is incredible, for I am obliged not only to issue orders, but to act the part of a Clerk likewise in methodizing almost everything that is to be done by the Constable and other officers, which your Lordships may believe is no very easy task. There is hardly one return that will answer your Lordships intentions which gives me great concern fearing your Lordships may think I have omitted what was necessary to be performed on my part, but as I can with great truth aver the contrary; so I must pray your Lordships will be pleased to excuse the same, until I have either returns from the Constables as well as others to whom I shall forthwith give fresh directions, and at the same time send them a form for taking their lists. The Governours of other Islands, whose sallarys are much greater, and their posts in all respects far preferable to that of these Islands have not a tenth part of the trouble that I have, and if your Lordships will please to consider it ever so little, you will soon be convinced of the truth thereof. Jamaica and Barbados have but an Assembly in each of them, so the Governours thereof have but small trouble in supporting the Prerogative, and observing your Lordships' commands, every thing being immediately under their own eyes, but in these Islands the Governor is obliged not only to write five times as much as either of the others, but even often to have disputes with the Assemblys of each of these four Islands in regard every one of them do endeavour to get laws made that will best answer their purposes; and if a Governour refuses to assent to what is proposed and desired by each of them it infallibly creates him enemies some of whom upon very slender pretences will give great uneasiness by preferring complaints of a most unjust and invidious nature. These I mention not with design to condemn or reflect on the form of Government that his most Gracious Majesty, and his Royal Predecessors have been pleased to settle in these Islands, or to screen myself from any just complaint that any one may have against me, but to demonstrate to your Lordships how much more trouble a Governour must have in these Islands than in other places not so separated. Encloses duplicates of two Acts past in St. Christopher's in March last, the one intituled An Act for the general quiet of the inhabitants of the Island of St. Christopher's in their estates and possessions, and for avoiding vexatious law suites. The other intituled An Act for holding the Courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas of the Island of St. Christophers at Sandy Point and Basse Terre. The originals were assented to by me in May last and returned to the President in order to be published and recorded with directions to have them sent back to me by the first conveyance in order to be forwarded to your Lordships within the time limitted by my Instructions, but it was impossible for me to send them sooner, etc. Quotes Encl. i. Continues: I send your Lordships the originals as well as the duplicates to let you see the condition in which I received them; how the accident happened is not known, but 'tis supposed to be done by the Clerk of the Assembly, whilst he had them to enter on their books. About that time he had the misfortune to be deprived of his senses, and is still in a distracted condition. I have no observations to make to your Lordships on either of these Acts, the one of them being recommended formerly by your Lordships upon some objections that were made by the late Attorney General to an Act of the like nature, those objections I laid before the Council and Assembly, and I hope they have taken care to avoid inserting anything that may make it liable to objections at this time but least it should I have taken care to have a clause inserted to prevent its taking place until it shall be confirmed by H.M. The other Act is only for the ease of the inhabitants in appointing places for holding their Courts, and can no ways in my opinion affect the Crown or prejudice any private person, for which reason I have consented to without any reservation. The Council and Assembly of this Island are now revising the Acts of this country in order to have them collected and printed if your Lordships shall approve thereof, after they are laid before you. I shall hasten the work all I can, and as soon as it is compleated a duplicate thereof shall be made and transmitted to your Lordships. P.S. The accounts of the Treasurers are not yet come to hand but I expect them before long with those from the storekeepers of the arms and ammunition all of which I shall forward with the list of the inhabits. and other papers as soon as they can be got ready. Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 24th Dec., 1719. Read 27th June, 1721. 5 pp. Enclosed,
415. i. John Davis, President of the Council of St. Christophers, to Governor Hamilton. Without date. I herewith send the two Acts (v. preceding), wch. were so damnified and shattered after publication, that I was oblig'd to get them new ingross'd, and that three times before they were perfect etc. I was in hopes of sending the other three bills amended, according to your Excellencys directions, but they are not ready. Publick affairs are very much obstructed by the backwardness of our Assemblys meeting and when they do, its very late so that the afternoons are spent very fruitless, and I see but little hopes of amendment etc. Encloses Constables returns, or list of the inhabitants etc. They are but indifferently as well as slovenly drawn but its as much as can be expected from them knowing what sort of men wee are forc't to put into that Office. After your Excellency left this Island I tendered Mr. Biss the Commission that was left for him but he would by no means accept of it so have since got Mr. Peter Thomas to accept of a Commission to command that part of the troop of horse that is in Basseterre Quarter, provided he may be elder or Capt. Lieutenant, etc. Hope to be honoured with H.E.'s presence etc. Signed, J. Davis. Endorsed as preceding. Copy. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 152, 13. ff. 56–61.]
Oct. 17/28.
Paris.
416. Mr. Bladen to Mr. Delafaye. Acknowledges letter of 6th Oct. etc. Signed, Martin Bladen. ¾ pp. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 7.]
Oct. 17/28.
Paris.
417. Same to Same. Refers to preceding etc. Continues: I immediately waited on the Earl of Stair, who was of opinion with me that it would be very proper to lay hold of the first occasion in discourse to mention this matter to the Abbé Dubois, not as a formal complaint, but as a report to which we could not possibly give any credit; H.M. title to Sta. Lucia being so notoriously known, and the friendship of the two Nations established upon so firm a footing. In pursuance of this resolution, the Abbé Dubois coming last night to my lodgings, I mentioned the matter to him in the termes agreed on, but he absolutely denyed, that this Court had ever entertain'd a thought of that nature, adding that if they imagined they had any pretentions to that Island, I might depend upon it they would proceed by making their application to H.M. for redress, and not by acts of open hostility. He acknowledged that there might be preparations making at Martinico, but that they were to be employed against the Spaniards only, to which I did not think proper to make any other reply, but that I allways believed the Regent had too much honour, and too much sense to allow of any Expedition against the territorys of so good and so necessary an Ally, as his Majesty. But to return to Sta. Lucia, tho' I believe we have nothing to apprehend on that side from this Court, yet I shall continue to get the best information I can of the French proceedings in those parts etc. Copy. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 8.]
Oct. 19.
Longreach 7 miles below Woolwich.
418. Governor Hunter to Mr. Delafay. Announces his arrival "from New York in a much better state of health then I left it" etc. Hopes to see him soon etc. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Holograph. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1085. No. 26].
Oct. 20.
New Hampshire.
419. Mr. Armstrong to the Council of Trade and Plantations. In Feb. 1703 the Assembly of this Province by their own act petitioned Mr. Allen the Proprietor and setts forth that the inhabitants have only claime to the property of such lands as is contained within their town bounds, which is less then one third part of the Province, but have nothing to offer as a greivance if the other two thirds are adjudged to Mr. Allen etc. Notwithstanding all this, the inhabitants yearly make great incrochments and takes up great quantityes of the best wast lands without their townships whereon the most timber and masts fitt for H.M. service growes, their reason for so doeing, say they, If the King should purchase the wast lands, or put the Proprietor in possession thereof, then we are lock'd out there by our owne Act of Assembly, till then we will reserve all the best timber within our townships for our use, and destroy all without. The inhabitants now takes upon them to say, that neither the Proprietor nor ye Crown hath any right within their town bounds, etc. As the people are much more numerous then formerly the saw mills increase in proportion which has destroyed many thousands of good mast trees, and nothing can effectually secure the remainder but a proper Act of Parliament to keep the inhabitants to a steady obedience to observe orders sent from home for the preservation of H.M. woods, and likewise the bounding and settleing the wast lands, and that such lands may be wholly invested either in the Crown or Proprietor etc. Signed, Rt. Armstrong. Endorsed, Recd. 14th Dec. 1719. Read 4th Aug. 1720. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 68.]
Oct. 21./Nov. 1.420. Mr. Bladen to Mr. Delafaye. Encloses copy of the French commission, whereby the Marechal Detree and Abbé Dubois are impower'd to treat with H.M. Comrs. etc. v. Nov. 4. We proceeded to fix the method of treating. It was agreed to take the several matters separately in order the Treaty of Utrecht has ranged them, and at our next meeting we are to enter upon the pretensions of the Company trading to the Hudson's Bay. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Pulteney) 29th Oct., Read 12th Nov. 1719. Extract. 1 p. Enclosed,
420. i. Copy of Commission of M. D'Estrées and the Abbé Dubois to treat concerning the French and English boundaries in America etc. v. Nov. 4th. Same endorsement. French. 3½ pp. [C.O. 323, 7. Nos. 165, 165. i.]
Oct. 22.
Whitehall.
421. Order of Lords Justices in Council. Appointing Richard Lightfoot to the Council of Barbados, etc. Signed, Robert Hales. Endorsed, Recd. 22nd., Read 29th Jan., 1719/20. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 64; and 29, 14. pp. 39, 40.]
Oct. 22.
Whitehall.
422. Extract of letter from Mr. Delafaye to the Earl of Stair. The Lords Justices transmit you the enclosed etc. Copy. ½ p. Enclosed,
422. i. Extract of letter from the Governor of Barbados to Mr. Secretary Craggs, 7th Aug. 1719. Encloses following deposition and letter formerly written by him to Lord Stanhope. Copy. ½ p.
422. ii. Deposition of Barnard St. John, Mariner. Barbados, 24th July, 1719. Deponent saw 3 sail of ships at Sta. Lucia, and going on board one of them, found there one Monsr. St. Martin, who showed him some papers and told him they were his commission to be Govr. of the said Island. He was told they had landed some guns there, in order to build a fortification, and that some people were come from Martinique to lay out plantations. Copy. ½ p.
422. iii. Extract of a letter from the Governour of Barbados to Lord Stanhope. Sta. Lucia is an Island belonging to H.M. and under my Government etc. It is extremely fertile, well watered and wooded, and hath a very good harbour, but the shoar all round the Island is so exceeding bold, and it hath such a great number of fine bays as renders it incapable of being so fortified but that an enemy may easily land without being annoyed thereby. The French make great havock of the wood which is much the best and most valuable in this part of the world, and the chief and only place from whence these Colonys are and can be supplyed with timber at any moderate rate to build and repair their mills, houses and fortifications. Copy. ¾ p. [C.O. 28, 39. Nos. 7, 7. i–iii.]
Oct. 22./Nov. 2.423. Extract of letter from Mr. Bladen to the Earl of Stanhope. I have been instructed by the Lords Justices to ascertain the truth as to the reported design of the French on Sta. Lucia etc. French. Copy. ¾ p. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 9.]
Oct. 22.
Whitehall.
424. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords of the Treasury. In reply to Sept. 16, repeat Feb. 16th, that Mr. Bridger deserves his salary etc. Continue: Upon what he represents of the absolute necessity of preserving the woods from the spoile that would be committed in them by the people of New England, and more particularly since the notion lately spread there that H.M. had no right to the woods in those parts, we have always been of the same opinion etc. Refer to representations of 3rd Feb., 1716, and 6th Feb., 1719. Continue: We likewise agree with Mr. Bridger in his objection against Mr. Armstrong, and the Commissioners of H.M. Navy are of the same opinion etc. Enclose copies of their letter, 7th Oct., and of Mr. Bridger's letters relating to the woods, naval stores and the woolen manufacture. Upon the whole, we beg leave to recommend to your Lordships that a proper person be appointed for the preservation of the woods in America, it being of great importance to his Kingdom, and that incouragement for raising hemp be given, as is mentioned in the enclosed letter from the Navy Board. [C.O. 5, 915. pp. 306, 307.]
Oct. 24.
H.M.S. Swalloae at Sea.
425. Commodore Ogle to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Sends duplicates of 13th Oct. by H.M.S. Seahorse. Signed, C. Ogle. Endorsed, Recd. 8th Jan., Read 5th April, 1720. 4 pp. Enclosed,
425. i.–vii. Duplicates of Nos. 414 i–vii. [C.O. 194, 6. Nos. 80, 80. i.–vii.]
Oct. 25.
London.
426. Governor Hunter to [?Mr. Delafaye]. I was to wait on you whilst I was able to stay abroad, I am now under a necessity of going to Egham for a little rest, toward the losse of that nothing has contributed more then the inclosed letters (there are others on the same subject) relating to Rigg's conduct since my departure, etc. I beg you to make no other use of them but to sett him right under this infatuation for it can be nothing else, whatever becomes of me it can not chuse but hurt him, for there is not a man in these Provinces on whom I have lay'd more obligations, and putt my reputation and the continuance of your friendship which I value so much upon this single issue. I never refus'd any favour or service within my power that Coll. Riggs either ask'd or expected of me, and in word or act never did him directly or indirectly the least appearing or real hurt etc. P.S. I am sory for the indiscreet zeal of ye Mayor in the intended prosecution but I shall putt a speedy stop to it. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Holograph. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1085. No. 27.]
Oct. 26.
Boston.
427. Governor Shute to Mr. Popple. I reced. yours of the 23rd July att present I dont see any tendency towards the alteration you mention, but you may be assurd yt whensoever it happens I will not be unmindfull of wt. you mention. If any of our fish or any thing else this country affords will be acceptable to you if you will let mee know it, I will send it. Mr. Dummer has acquainted mee yt. he has acquainted the Lords Justices as also the Lords of Trade and Plantations how yt act of the impost came to slip us and how streniously I opposed it the next year and would not suffer it to pass with wch. account he tells me they are satisfyed. I have reced. also a large packett from the Honble. Board wch. I will send answears to so soon as I am well informd of the perticulers mentioned wch. will take up some tyme to doe but shall endeavour to be as speedlay as possible wch. I desire you will acquaint theire Lordships with. Signed, Samll. Shute. Endorsed, Recd. 1st Jan., Read 3rd Aug., 1720. ½ pp. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 64.]
Oct. 26./Nov. 6.
Paris.
428. Extract of letter from the Earl of Stair to the Earl of Stanhope. To same effect as Stair to Craggs. No. 430. Copy. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 13.]
Oct. 27./Nov. 7.
Paris.
429. Extract of letter from Col. Bladen to Mr. Delafaye. I was not a little surprized to see the copy of a deposition from Barbados this morning in my Lord Stair's hands, relating to the actual seizure of Sta. Lucia by the French, especially after the answer I had received from the Abbé Dubois, but it seems he was very little informed of the state of this matter, for the Regent, with whom my Lord Stair had a conversation about it this morning, avows the fact and says the Marechal d'Etrées assured him the French had a constant possession and an undoubted right to the said Island by Treaty. My Lord Stair and I were not able to guess what Treaty this should be, and as the Regent did not fix the date, we were inclined to believe it might have been some private transaction of the peace makers of the late reign, but we have this evening seen the Marechal d'Estrées, who tells us the French claim the Island by virtue of some treaty or transaction in King Charles the Second's time, and that before this new lodgement, they had already above 100 families inhabiting in the said Island. You will easily imagine my Lord Stair and I were not a little surprized at so frivolous a pretence for so extraordinary an action in so critical a conjuncture; But we insisted with great temper that H.M. right to the Island of Sta. Lucia was notorious to all the world, that the English were the first discoverers, that they likewise purchased the Island of the natives, and that it had been from time immemorial a branch of the Government of Barbadoes, that we never had heard of such a treaty as the Marechal mentioned, that there had been indeed a Treaty of Neutrality in King James II's time, but that before and after that Treaty the English had claimed and kept possession of the Island, and that it had been a constant Instruction to the Governors of Barbadoes to suffer no person to dwell on Sta. Lucia that did not acknowledge H.M. right to that Island; to which I took the liberty of adding the Abbé Dubois answer to me, viz. that if the French had a pretence to the said Island, I thought we might have depended upon it (at least whilst there was a Treaty on foot for setling of boundaries) that application would not have been made to H.M. for redress, and that the French would not have taken possession of the King's Dominions by force of arms. The Marechal seemed a little embarassed, he confessed all his papers were not put in order, but that in a few days he would produce proofs of his title, for it seems it is the Marechal that has taken possession of the Island, and I presume he has a grant of it from the Regent. Copy. ¾ p. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 14.]
Oct. 27./Nov. 7.
Paris.
430. Extract of letter from Lord Stair to Mr. Secretary Craggs. I complain'd this morning to the D. of Orleans by order of their Excellencies the Lords Justices of the settlement the French have made upon the Island of Sta. Lucia. H.R.H. told me that it was very true that they had made such a settlement, but that he had been told, that the Crown of France had an undoubted right to that Island, and that the English had given up their pretensions to it by a Treaty; and assur'd me at the same time that if it appeared that the Crown of Brittain had a right to that Island, he would immediately order the settlement to be withdrawn. I went in the evening with Coll. Bladen to the Marl. D'Etrées, who told us that he would shew us very good documents that the French had an uncontroverted right to that Island, and that the English had acknowledged that right by a Treaty, and that he would shew us the papers in 2 or 3 days. I reckon we can say no more, till we have seen those papers. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 15.]
Oct. 27./Nov. 7.
Paris.
431. Extract of letter from Mr. Bladen to [? the Council of Trade and Plantations]. To same effect as preceding. Copy. ¾ p. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 16.]
Oct. 27./Nov. 7.
Paris.
432. Mr. Bladen to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to enclosures relating to trade, and to letter to Mr. Pulteney, etc. v. Oct. 21st. Continues: My Lord Stairs and I have had another meeting with the Mareschall D'Estrees and Abbe Dubois, where the day was spent in discourses preparatory to ye method of fixing the boundarys for Hudsons Bay; and this day (if the Abbe Dubois health will permit him to come abroad) we shall deliver in the Company's demand upon that subject, in the terms of our Instructions, tho' I allready foresee some difficultys in the execution of this affair, there being at least the difference of two degrees between the best French maps, and that which the Company delivered us, as your Lordships will perceive by the cart enclosed, and I wonder that no person is yet come hither in their behalfe. I shall have occasion to trouble you more at large upon this particular in a post or two. In the mean time I am perswaded your Lordships will be as much surprised as I was (especially after what had passed between the Abbe Dubois and me) to understand that the French avow the taking of Saint Lucia, and say they are entituled to that Island by virtue of some Treaty in King Charles the second's time; but the Mareschal D'Estrees has promised to produce his vouchers in a few days, and I shall transmit them to your Lordships. Signed, M. Bladen. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 4th Nov. 1719. 2 pp. [C.O. 323, 7. No. 163.]
Oct. 27./Nov. 7.
Paris.
433. Mr. Bladen to Mr. Popple. If Mr. Pultney should not be allready sett out for this place, you will be pleased to deliver him the enclosed, etc. P.S. Your Barbadoes affidavit was a very true one, and ye account of ye French designe on ye negros at St. Vincents was very well grounded, for they did attempt to carry off the negros from that Island, but were beaten off by them and obliged to return with the loss of thirty or forty men etc. Signed, M. Bladen. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 4th Nov., 1719. Holograph. 2 pp. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 55.]
Oct. 28.
Secretaries Office in Boston.
434. (a) Mr. Willard to Mr. Popple. In reply to the Board's complaint, Aug. —, states that he has sent copies of the Minutes of Council and Assembly once in six months ever since his arrival, covered to Mr. Dummer etc. Continues:—My office is reduced to £120 sterl. a year, out of which I am to provide a Clerk etc. by the Act in addition to the acts for regulating fees, by which I am cutt off from the fees which the former Secretary received for the copies sent to the Board of Trade and other perquisites to the value of £60 per annum etc. Signed, Josiah Willard. Annexed,
(b) Governor Shute to Mr. Popple. I sent the papers relateing to Canso to Mr. Agent Dummer in January, and he hath own'd the receipt of them. I am mightily surprized that he hath not laid them before the Honble. Board etc. Signed, Samll. Shute. The whole endorsed. Recd. 1st Jan. 1719/20. Read 8th June, 1721. Addressed. Postmark. 2½ pp. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 53, 54.]
[Oct. 28th]435. Petition of Anthony Browne and John Elliott of Antigua, gentlemen, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Pray the Board to report upon Act to oblige the Vestry of St. Phillips to raise money etc., passed in 1715 for the relief of petitioners, and against which a caveat was entered. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Nivine) 28th Oct., Read 20th Nov. 1719. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 12. No. 163.]
Oct. 30.
Barbado's.
436. Governor Lowther to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to letter of 7th Aug. and replies at length to "Parson" Gordon's sermon, and the Bishop of London. Signed, Rob. Lowther. Endorsed, Recd., 18th Jan., Read 12th April, 1720. 12 pp. Enclosed,
436. i. Rev. W. Gordon to the Bishop of London. Barbados, Nov. 5, 1716. Same endorsement. Copy. 1 p.
436. ii. Copy of Governor Lowther's Declaration in answer to Mr. Gordon's Book entitled, The Miserable State of Barbados, and to the Preface of his Sermon, to the complaints of the S.P.G., and Mr. Lansa. (v. supra). Details of commitment of Jonathan Blenman (v. 21st Nov.) Refers to his recall, C.S.P., 7th Feb., 1714:—H.M. letter of recall came to my hands 7th April, 1714. I instantly ordered it to be read in Council and entred in the Council Book, and the very next Council day, 24th April, I gave up the Governmt. to Mr. Sharpe, and left the Island etc. Mr. Sharpe and his party were indeed very uneasy in the mean time and endeavoured with Samuel Cox, Alexander Walker and Timothy Salter to raise a rebellion by attempting to force the administration out of my hands. But as H.M. letter was only directed to myself and was no supersedeas of my Commission, and as Mr. Sharpe nor any other person had any warrant or authority to divest me of the Governmt., so had I given up my Commission to Mr. Sharpe while I stayed in the Island, neither Mr. Sharpe nor myself could have acted. Quotes Clause of Commission. As H.M. was not pleased to declare the reason's of my being recall'd, and there was no complaint whatever against me at H.M. death, I take upon me to say that it could not be for the reason the Representation assigns (vizt.) My arbitrary conduct in calling and dissolving Assemblys; since that matter had happened about two years before my recall; But I verily beleive the true reason of that recall was, that the then Ld. Bolingbroke might meet with no resistance in delivering up the Island to the Pretender. No complaints were lodged against me before my leaving England May, 1715. etc. Denies various charges etc. Published in St. Michael's Town, by beat of drum. Signed, Wheatly Gooche P. Mar. Pilgrims. 15th Oct. 1719. Signed, Robert Lowther. Same endorsement. 59 pp. [C.O. 28, 15. Nos. 85, 85. i., ii.]
Oct. 30.
St. John's. Newfoundland.
437. Mr. Keen to [? Mr. Popple.] Capt. Ogle desired me to acquaint you if anything worth your notice should happen etc. Continues:—The New England masters John Hubart, Roger Dench and John Smith (whose bonds are already transmitted to their Lordships, v. Oct. 13th) have carry'd away severall fishermen, seamen and others etc., the proof of wch. will be easily made before the Officer that shall be appointed the next year, etc. The day after the departure of H.M. ship some Comrs. of fishing ships insulted the Admirals in their administration of justice at a publick Court for wch. they remain under a fine of sd. Admls. but the agressors have so little regard to the judgment or orders of the Admlls. that they will not comply with any. And indeed dureing the absence of the men of warr wee have neither Justice or Religion and every man dos what he lists without controle etc. Wee are now goeing on ye second year without Divine servis (excepting whilst Capt. Ogle's Chaplain was here). It's to be hop'd some good man of an exemplary life may be sent amongst us for such as have been of late years have don more harm then good by leading wicked lives but wrather deboches. I have sent my petition to their Ldspps. relating to a salmon fishery and humbly pray the same may be presented. Signed, W. Keen. Endorsed, Recd. 1st, Read 17th Dec., 1719. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 194, 6. No. 72.]
Oct. 31./Nov. 11.
Paris.
438. Mr. Bladen, Commissary in France, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Abbé Dubois' indisposition did not allow him to meet my Lord Stair and me on Wednesday last. but the Marechal d'Etrées was there, and we deliver'd him the demand of the Hudson's Bay Company with respect to their limits, of which you have a copy enclosed, whereby you will perceive that we have fully complyd with yr. Instructions on that subject. So soon as I receive the answer of the french Commissarys to this demand, I shall likewise take care to transmit a copy of it to your Lordships. The Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company arrived here yesterday, and I presume he is furnished with the proper materials to support their claime in case it should be disputed. I am allways with perfect truth and respect my Lords your Lordships most obedient and most humble servant. Signed, M. Bladen. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 11th Nov. 1719. 2 pp. Enclosed,
438. i. Proposals of H.M. Commissaries presented to the French Commissaries in Paris, relating to the boundaries of Hudsons Bay etc. In accordance with instructions, Nov. 4, 1719. q.v. Endorsed, Recd. 5th Aug., 1719. French. 2¼ pp. [C.O. 134, 2. Nos. 47, 47. i.]
Oct. 31.
London.
439. George Lillington to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Describes Sta. Lucia and St. Vincent. Continues: They were till the late Peace possest by the native Indians, and negroes wch. runn off in boats from the adjacent Islands; And have always with us been reputed part of the British Dominions, till we were surprized with many and often repeated reports that the French were settled on Sta. Lucia with 300 familys, were building houses, were clearing and granting ground with shuger caines, and at last that they had erected a Fort or battery with severall peices of cannon and the Fr. arms flying thereon, pretending a right thereto from a grant of the Brittish Crown of Sta. Lucia in lieu of that part of St. Christophers which was given up by the French att the late Peace. A little before my leaving Barbadoes, Aug. 1719, we had a report that the French with a considerable arm'd force had attempted to take and carry off the negroes from St. Vincent, but were repuls'd with loss by the desperateness of the negroes, who had kil'd many their wives and children to prevent their falling into the Fr. hands, and declared themselves under the English subjection and fought under their colours. And from Sta. Lucia we understood that a New York privateer being arriv'd at that Island and having recd. some affront or disgust from the French settled thereon, landed his men, hawld down the Fr. colours wch. were flying, nail'd up their cannon and took away their stores of ammunition. And we farther heard that the Govr. of Martineque had given a Commission to a Fr. gentleman to be Govr. of Sta. Lucia, wch. is a very fine soil for producing cocoa, wch. would be a very considerable advantage to the English Crown, and no prejudice to any our settlements, having no plantations that produce that desirable nutt. We have likewise heard the French have planted tobacco at St. Vincent's, and no doubt that Island will produce considerable quantitys of that weed if thoroughly cultivated etc. The harbours of Sta. Lucia have been of great advantage to Barbados and would be of detriment in French hands etc., etc.
P.S.—We had reports that the Spaniards (before the late breach with that Crown) had destroyed a new English settlemt. on Crabb Island, by taking away what negroes the few inhabitants had carried on and burning a large qty. of dying wood wch. they had heapt together. And that the Danes were settling St. Johns (I think) one the Virgin Islands, and both esteemed to belong to the English. Signed, Geo. Lillington. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 4th Nov., 1719. 2 pp. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 56.]
Oct. 31.
New York.
440. Col. Schuyler, President of the Council of New York, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Abstract. Encloses Acts and Minutes of Council to 29th inst. etc. By the memorial (encl. 1) of the Surveyor appointed for the Province for ascertaining the division line between it and New Jersey, the Board will perceive there is a stop put to those proceedings. Thinks he ought not to compel him to proceed against the advice of the Council and his conscience; besides, the money given for that service is exhausted. Would rather be overcautions than rash in a matter of such importance to the King in his quit rents, and lands and the properties of his subjects, though the Proprietors of Jersey are much exasperated. Hopes that before any resolution is taken, timely notice may be given, so that his Government and proprietors of lands under patents from it may state their case etc. Acknowledges letter of 7th Aug. relating to the boundaries on the French settlements. Governour Hunter I believe carryed with him the best mapp that has yet been made of Hudsons River. But of the countrys belonging to the Five Nations no mapp has yet been made, nor is there any public money to do it with, the French have already setled at the back of us from Canada to Messassipie, in the last warr they attempted to make some settlements among the five Nations and it's feared are every day gaining ground for want of ascertaining the limitts and placeing garrisons at the Lakes. Hopes their Lordships will apply to H.M., that his pleasure may be known concerning a mapp of the Province and particularly of the frontiers. Continues: "There is no money in the Treasury here to defray the expence, if there was I would not give your Lordships the trouble of this request." Coll. Graham the late Surveyor General of the lands of this Province being lately dead, has appointed Allane Jarratt, etc. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 531. Signed, Pr. Schuyler. Endorsed, Recd. 29th Dec. 1719. Read 16th Aug. 1720. 3 pp. Enclosed,
440. i. Petition of Allane Jarratt to the President and Council of New York. Describes proceedings with Surveyor General of New Jersey to fix the boundary line. After fixing the latitude upon the Fish Kill, observations were taken at Madam Corbetts, when it was discovered that observations taken near the middle of the quadrant made use of differed from those taken at the ends upwards of four minutes. Petitioner, perceiving great difficulties in fixing the true latitude of 41° in so wide differences of observations and with so small a quadrant, asks for directions etc. Signed, Allane Jarratt. Copy. 1 large p. Set out, N. J. Archives, 1st Ser. iv. 403, 406.
440. ii. Report of Committee of Council of New York upon preceding. New York, Sept. 24, 1719. We examined the above petition in the presence of Mr. Alexander Surveyor General of New Jersey and Dr. Johnston one of the Commissioners for New Jersey. Mr. Jarratt said he could not adventure to settle a latitude that could be depended on without a quadrant of 5 or 6 ft radius certified by able and skilful mathematiants from Great Brittain etc. The methods proposed by Mr. Alexander for correcting the defects of the smaller instrument were not satisfactory to him. We cannot advise that he be ordered to fix the latitude by this instrument, but that he should certify that the station pretended to be fixed at Fish Kill is wrong and erroneous, and that further proceedings be stayed until a correct and large instrument be procured etc. Signed, A. D. Peyster and four others. Endorsed as covering letter. 1 large p. Set out, N. J. Archives. 1st Ser. iv. 403, 406.
440. iii. An account of bedding which the late Col. Ingoldesby's men have in Albany, 25th March, 1719. 11 straw beds, 5 of them rotten. 12 pillows, 5 of them not fit for service. 3 broken ketles, 2 old iron pots, no tongs, fire shovels, bowls, platters, spoons, buckets or frying pans. At Fort Hunter 10 men have 1 bed tick, 2 blankets, 4 sheets, etc. Signed, Henry Holland. Copy. 1 p.
440. iv. Similar account of Col. John Riggs Company at Albany. Signed, John Riggs. Copy. 1 p.
440. v. List of necessaries required for above two Companies. Signed, Henry Holland. Copy. ¾ p.
440. vi. Memorial of Col. John Riggs and Capt. Henry Holland to Peter Schuyler, President of the Council. Refer to preceding. Their deplorable condition renders our centinels incapable of doing their duties and will soon occasion the desertion of many. The barracks and forts are very much out of repair. Part will soon fall down. All which was represented to Governor Hunter last April, but we have had no answer etc. Signed, Jno. Riggs, Henry Holland. Endorsed as covering letter. Copy. 1 p.
440. vii. Lt. Col. Weemes and Major Symes to President and Council of New York. New York, Oct. 13, 1719. Represent the deplorable condition of the two Independent Companies at Fort George. They have been destitute of bedding etc. for several years, have no benefit of fire and candle or for sickness etc. Pray for relief. Signed, Ja. Weemes, Lancaster Symes. Same endorsement. 1 p.
440. viii. List of stores in Fort George, New York. 29th July, 1719. Signed, Gerard Beekman, John Cruger, Phillip Schuyler. Same endorsement. 5 pp.
440. ix. List of 19 Acts of New York, 24th June, 1719. Same endorsement. 2½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1052. ff. 59–61, 62–63, 64, 65, 66, 67v., 68, 69v.–72. 73v.–76].