America and West Indies
December 1719

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1933

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272-292

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'America and West Indies: December 1719', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 31: 1719-1720 (1933), pp. 272-292. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74081 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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December 1719

Dec. 1/12.
Paris.
469. Extract of letter from the Earl of Stair to Mr. Secretary Craggs. I pressed H.R.H. again to give me an answer touching Sta. Lucia. I made him see what occasion that gave the malcontents at home to blacken the Ministers and Government, as if they sacrificed all the dearest interests of Great Britain to their connections with France, which was siezing our Islands and Colonies, without troubling themselves about the injustice and wrong thus done to the Nation; that the malcontents would not fail even to say that the occupation of this Island was made with the consent of the Court; and to support these evil insinuations by the discourses which the Governor sent by France had held with the masters of our vessels from Barbados who had landed at the said Island, to wit, that the English had ceded the said Island to France, in exchange for the part of the Island of St. Christopher which had been ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht. I begged H.R.H. to pay regard to the effects which such speeches delivered in one of the Houses of Parliament might have, and to be pleased to give me an answer as soon as possible on the head of the said Island, calculated to put an end to these evil rumours. The Duke of Orleans replied, that he was much displeased with the Marechal d' Estrées, who had put off from day to day delivering to him the papers proving the right of the Crown of France to the Island of St. Lucia. H.R.H. begged me still to have patience for two days, which was the extreme limit of time the Marechal had taken to remit the said papers; and H.R.H. promised me to examine the said papers with me, and that in case the right of France to the said Island were not clearly proved thereby, he would immediately give orders to dispossess M. le Marechal, and his Colony: so that I expect that to-morrow, they will let me see the papers in question. Copy. French. 2 pp. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 20].
Dec. 2.470. Mr. Philips to Mr. Popple. There is a vacancy in the Council of New York etc. The Governer desires you will remember the minute made by their Lordships to choose Mr. Harrison into the first vacancy. Signed, A. Philips. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 5th Dec., 1719. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1051. No. 101; and 5, 1124. p. 120.]
Dec. 3.471. Extract of letter from Mr. Secretary Craggs to the Earl of Stair. I am sorry to hear that the Abbé Dubois continues still indisposed, but hope his health will soon give him leave to renew your conferences about the limits in the Plantations, and that in the mean time, you will be able to settle the affair of Sta. Lucia with the Marl'. D'Estrées. Copy. ½ p. [C.O. 253, 1. No. 19.]
Dec. 3.472. Petition of Samuel Buck to the Council of Trade and Plantations. In driving out the pirates, fitting out sloops to pursue them, and erecting the necessary fortifications against them and the Spaniards, the undertakers for settling the Bahama Islands have expended upwards of £20,000. To maintain possession, and to perfect the necessary works, will require a further expence and another independant company. Pray to be reimbursed etc. Signed, Sam. Buck. Endorsed, Recd. Read 3rd Dec., 1719. 1 p. [C.O. 23, 1. No. 16].
Dec. 4.
Whitehall.
473. Same to Same. Memorial on the state of the Bahama Islands. On the arrival of Governor Rogers there were 200 destitute inhabitants and 5 or 600 pirates who surrendered to him, and about four score who made their escape with Vane the great Pirate etc. v. 31st Oct., 1718. The pyrates before ye Governor's arrival had brought into Providence about 40 sail of merchant shipps, where they were either burnt or sunk, and had plundered great numbers in ye Gulf of Florida, and the windward passage bound to England etc. Pray for reimbursement of £11,394 spent on the forts, for their ship Delicia detained by the Governor as a guardship, (No. i.), and what the Governor has spent in maintaining the inhabitants and pyrates that surrendered, and fitting out vessels to take pirates executed there and sent to England and condemned. Also that another Independant Company may be sent thither with provisions etc. for 12 months. Petitioners were at great expences in transporting the soldiers wth. artillery and stores wth. Govr. Rogers, also great numbers of artificers and famillys of Pallatines, Switz, French and other Protestants. These and all the inhabitants they have been obliged to support ever since, by reason of all the cattle having died, and many of the people from England from an infection arising from some raw hides brought in great quantities there by pirates before the Governor's arrival, which putrified. Owing to the war, the Spaniards refuse to supply them with cattle. Without some allowance from Parliament, petitioners must quit the Island, they having made no advantage either in planting or commerce, nor can any be made untill a peace with Spain. Pray for a speedy representation, the estimates being laid before Parliament etc. Signed, Sam. Buck. Endorsed, Recd. Read 4th Dec., 1719. 3 pp. Enclosed,
473. i. Account of expenses of the Delicia (v. preceding). £3990 10s. Signed, Wingate Gale. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 23, 1. Nos. 17, 17. i.]
Dec. 4.
Whitehall.
474. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Craggs. Enclose preceding petition and memorial (Dec. 3rd). Upon which having sent for some of the Gentlemen concern'd in this undertaking, and discours'd with an officer lately come from thence, as also consider'd the letters which we have lately receiv'd from the Governor, we take leave to represent, that we find the several facts set forth relating to their expences to be true etc. We therefore Sr. considering the advantage these Islands are to the trade in those parts must desire you will please to lay before the King their petition etc. as preceding. As to the usefulness and advantage of the Bahama Islands, etc. we have been so particular in our letter of 2nd Jan. and 4th Feb. last, that we shall only desire you will take the first opportunity to lay the matter before H.M. for his directions with our humble opinion that another Independent Company with provisions and stores is absolutely necessary for the security and protection of those Islands, and that such allowance as H.M. shall think fit be made towards the great expence of the fortifications. At the same time if you'l please to lay before H.M. the great advantage it would be to our trade in America, could we in imitation of the French find means to extend our settlements towards the Bay of Mexico, especially at St. Augustine which is to the southward of Carolina and in the Gulph of Florida opposite to the Bahama Islands, this we should hope might easily be compassed with a small expence especially at present that we are at war with Spain, which would be a great security to H.M. Plantations and an advantage to the trade of Great Britain. [C.O. 24, 1. pp. 30–32.]
[Dec. 4.]475. Copy of the trial of 10 pirates condemned at Nassau, New Providence by Governor, Judges and 7 Commissioners appointed by him. 9th & 10th Dec. 1718. Two were reprieved. With a description of their behaviour on the gallows etc. Signed, Cha. Bywater, Registrar. Endorsed, Recd. from Mr. Buck and Mr. Beauchamp, Read 4th Dec. 1719. 15 pp. [C.O. 23, 1. No. 18.]
Dec. 5.
Whitehall.
476. Council of Trade and Plantations to the King. Representation upon Lord A. Hamilton's Memorial, Sept. 4th (quoted). We find ye allegations in the said Memorial to be true. If this debt be not discharg'd it may have very ill consequences; for, no man would for ye future advance any mony, even upon the most pressing occasions for ye service of that Island in subsisting the soldiers or otherwayes. This is a very just debt. The mony advane'd was a very necessary service; for that ye soldiers must have starv'd if they had not done it: the Act for their additional subsistance being expiring, and the Assembly not then sitting. For which reasons we are humbly of opinion, that it is necessary the Lord Arch. and Council be repaid the said mony with lawfull interest: But since ye Assembly of Jamaica have absolutely refus'd to comply therewith we must humbly submit to your Majesty what other method shall be taken for doing the same. [C.O. 138, 16. pp. 244–247.]
Dec. 5.
Whitehall.
477. Council of Trade and Plantations to the King. Recommend Fra. Harrison for the Council of New York in place of Killian Van Ranslaer decd. [C.O. 5, 1124. p. 120; and 5, 1079. No. 111.]
Dec. 6.
Jamaica.
478. Governor Sir N. Lawes to Chas. Delaffaye. Acknowledges letter relating to H.M. Storehouses. Continues: You will observe by Sr. Wm. Beeston's bill of sale those store houses were purchased for the use of H.M. ships of warr and other occasions for H.M. publick stores but as it appears by the same bill of sale they were built and the land paid for by Charles Chaplin H.M. then Receiver Generall out of the publick revenue of this Island granted by H.M. for the support of the Government and the contingent charges thereof, I conceive the direction of them to be in me as H.M. Governor for the time being, the Governor allways allowing the use of them to H.M. ships of warr for their stores, but if their Excys. the Lords Justices should be of opinion that the sole disposall and direction of them is vested in the Lords of the Admiralty I shall very readily submitt to their Excys. judgment. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. Duplicate. 1p. [C.O. 137, 46. No. 38.]
Dec. 6.
Jamaica.
479. Same to Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letter etc. of July 9th, and has communicated H.M. Orders in Council, repealing Acts, (v. 26th May) to the Council and Assembly. Encloses Receiver Generall's last half year's accts. and Navall Officer's quarterly lists etc. Continues:—But notwithstanding I have long since given the most strickt orders to the proper officers (copy enclosed) to return to me constant accounts of the number of inhabitants and of births etc., yet it has not been possible hitherto to comply with my promise to your Lordships, so soon as I can obtain such accts. as may be depended upon, the same shall be transmitted by the next opportunity. I shall communicate to the Assembly what your Lordships write concerning the Act about trade to Hispaniola, pass'd by Mr. Heywood. In my last, of the 30th of July, I acquainted your Lordships, that we were going on with great vigour in repairing our fortifycations and building a new line at Port Royall, which is since finished, and called HanoverLine, it is an incomparable peice of work, and will have the entire command of the harbour, provided by your Lordships' intercession, his Majty. can be prevailed upon to give directions for supplying us with two and thirty gunns, 36 pounders, to mount thereon, with carriages and tackle etc. We have severall gunns unserviceable which I intend to send to the Board of Ordnance, by H.M. ships of warr, as opportunity offers, and I doubt not but they will return us weight for weight of new mettall for old, but the quantity being small, I intreat your Lordships will interceed with H.M. in behalf of the country, to make up to us the number of gunns, and of the size above mentioned. Our fortifycation fund which was in bank, is already so far exhausted by the late repairs that have been made, and by the building of this line, that unless H.M. is graciously pleased to assit us on this occasion. I'm apprehensive the country is so poor that they will not be able to purchase that number of gunns in a considerable number of years, so that we shall not reap any benefit and advantage from this new line in case of an invasion. The country and myself in particular, cannot but return your Lordships our most humble thanks for your favourable representation that H.M. share of seizures may be applyed towards the support of the Government of this his island. I beg leave by this to explain more fully what I meant, 31st Jan., in relation to the passing a perpetuall Revenue Bill, with clauses to enforce here some of the Statute Laws of England, etc. The Common Law of England, so far as concerns the life, limb or property of the subject, the people here were ever governed by, and think they have an undoubted right to the Statute Law, wherein the Plantations are named, or not circumscribed to particular bounds, but express'd at large within the Dominions of England, or such Acts of Parliament as are declaratory of the Common Law or confirmation thereof, we think ourselves entituled to, and the Courts of Law have always judged and determined accordingly. But whereas it has been disputed whether the Acts for preventing frauds and perjurys, and the Habeas Corpus Act, were in force here, or not, I am of opinion the Assembly will insist to have that doubt removed. Encloses copy of preceding. Continues: I was in hopes by this conveyance to have sent your Lordships the Minutes of the Council, but the frequent deaths and removails that have lately happenn'd to officers, and the hurry of business which the present person officiateing has of late been in, prevents my sending them at this time, but your Lordships may depend of haveing them transmitted by the first opportunity. Refers to letter of 28th April relating to the sureties for the sloops, since which, the writt of error brought by Capt. Jennings before me in Council, as a Court of Appeals, upon a judgment obtained on his bond for £1500 in the Grand Court, come to a hearing some days ago, and the Council have reversed the said judgment. Mr. Bonfils has desired leave to appeal to H.M. in Council; which I have granted him, and H.M. determination in this affair will be a guidance with respect to the putting in suit the bonds given by the other surties. Refers to Minutes of Council and enclosure i. Continues: There is one thing more, which I beg leave to mention, that when H.M. is pleased to make peace with Spain, to have an Article inserted in the Treaty, allowing us to cut logwood in the Bay of Campeche, this would not only be a considerable advantage to Great Britain, but to this Island in particular, and be the best means I can think of, to bring the pyrates to become good subjects, if we had a settlemt. there; and it would likewise be an employment to severall of our seafareing people, who for want of encouragement here, go a roveing about, etc. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. Endorsed, Recd. 1st Feb., Read 2nd Nov. 1720. 5¾ pp. Enclosed,
479. i. Same to Same. Reply to queries of July 9th. (i) Ever since my arrivall I have constantly recommended to the magistrates of the severall precincts, from which such accts. [of the numbers of inhabitants] must be collected, the returning me proper accots. thereof, but finding them dilatory. I did on 20th May last issue a possitive order under my hand and seall directed to the severall custos's of the Island (enclosure iii), but as yet I have not received from them satisfactory accounts. (ii) By what information I have been able to obtain, the inhabitants have not much increased, tho' severall new settlements have been made. The men listed in the severall regiments = 2,700 or 3,000, much about the same as in the last accounts sent home in Lord A. Hamilton's Government. (iii) I am of opinion few or none have or will remove from this Island (except in case of sickness) to settle in any other of H.M. Collonies, this being as fruitfull and plentifull a country, and the product as advantageous to the Planter, as any of H.M. Collonies whatever. (iv) I am sorry to acquaint your Lordships, that our commerce to the Spanish coast (which is the only trade that makes us returns in gold and silver) has for late years considerably decay'd, the most conversant Spanish merchants we have here, attributes this to the vast quantity of European commodities which the French carried into the South Seas on the late Treaty of Peace, which so overstockt their marketts that the goods are not yet consum'd and the merchts. and traders which formerly used to come from Panama and other parts in the South Seas to Porta Bell etc. to purchase the commodities sent from this Island, which chiefly used to consist of the Brittish manufactories, have of late years been supplyed with these commodities from the ports in the South Sea's, and the South Sea Compa. haveing then had the Assiento, consequently debarr'd our Free Trade with negroes; but I'm in hopes those inconveniences which the Trade of this Island has lately laboured under will now speedily be removed from the necessity the Spaniards continually must be under of being supplyed with negroes to work in their mines, and from a demand of European manufactors which they must needs have in a short time, the supply they lately had from France being now allmost exhausted. (v) I know no other method [of preventing illegal trade] then putting the Laws of England which include the Plantations with respect to Trade and Navigation, and the laws of the Island which relate thereto, punctually in execution, and I have stricktly commanded H.M. Patent Officers and others concerned, diligently to observe their duty, and that the laws be duely complyed with. (vi) Refers to Naval Officer's accounts enclosed. I have required of the Navall Officer a distinct list which shall be transmitted etc. (vii) As to what manufactories are settled in this Island, tho' we have severall things that this country produces, which will make very valuable manufactors, such as cotton, etc. yet the artificers and labourers that comes from Europe, that should work them, so soon grow lazy and indolent, that at this present juncture, I do not know of any one house for manufacturies in the Island, so that everything of apparell we wear, is of the manufactor of Europe, and consequently they must come to us directly from Great Brittain. (viii) For annual produce, refers to Naval Officer's lists and the Custom House. (ix) Trade with foreign Plantations. We have a frequent intercourse of trade with the Plantations on the Continent of North America, vizt. from New York, they bring us flower, staves, pitch and starr etc., from Virginia the product of that country, Pensilvania flower etc., Carolina rice, pork, flower etc., New England and Philadelphia lumber of all sorts; in return whereof to all the above-named places we send them most, partly rum and sugar and mony, and the commodities we have from foreign Plantations is cheifly gold and silver, cochineal, logwood and other dying woods, mules, coacoa etc., which is in return to negroes and all other European commodities, but more particularly Brittish manufactors which we send them. (x) As to the tenth querry, it consists of so many particulars and severall of them altogether out of my power to give your Lordships a distinct accot., I hope, you will excuse me if I am not so particular in my answer etc. As to the methods used to encourage our neighbouring Colonies, the French on Hispaniola have an exceeding good method in peopling and settleing that Island the King of France oblidges every merchant ship that traders to that Colony to carry over a man with his wife and family more or less according to the burthen of the ship and when they arrive there they have a peice of land allotted to them and credit given them for a negro two or three out of a publick fund to help them to cultivate and manure this ground they entring into bond to repay the King with interest what the negroes are valued at out of the first produce of the said land which done the said land and negroes becomes legally vested in them etc. This makes them become fix'd settlers and industrious planters, and I wish such a method could be proposed to settle this Colony for I am intirely of opinion that this Island if ever throughly settled must be by industrious men with their wives and family's and not by runagadoes and a loose sort of people who are sent over servants for a term of years. (xi) The Naval Officer's accounts show that we are supplyed from the Norward Plantations with flower, pork etc., but its from Ireland we are cheifly supplyed with salt beef, butter, herrings etc. We are supplyed from no other place but Great Brittain with manufacturis. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. Same endorsement. 7½ pp.
479. ii. Same to Same. Jamaica, Dec. 6, 1719. Since I had last the honour of writeing, 30th July, the Council have agreed with me in calling of an Assembly which met on 20th Oct. last etc. Refers to enclosures iv, v. Continues: The first thing they went upon was appropriateing £4000 of the mony lying in Mr. Wyllis's hands Commissr. of the Deficiency Law past by Mr. Heywood towards the supressing rebellious and runaway negroes who have lately committed severall outrages and have appeared in great numbers in and about the remote settlements, the Assembly have orderr'd this mony to be put into the hands of H.M. Receiver Generall and the Council makeing no objections to any part of the Bill, I readily gave my consent to it. They have appointed Committees to bring in severall bills, but many of them deserving mature deliberation and the Grand Court and Christmass Hollidays being so near at hand I did with the advice of the Council and at their own desire adjourn the Assembly untill the 12th Jan. next at which time I'm in hopes they will meet and go through the publick business with vigour and dispatch, their disposition to it appearing hitherto with a better aspect then in the last Assembly. I shall endeavour all I can to perswade them seriously to consider on the accomplishing those good ends which H.M. has been pleased so graciously and tenderly to recommend to them for their own good and the future prosperity of this Island. The Council and Assembly have join'd with me in an Humble Address of thanks to H.M. for his tender care of them, and haveing desired me to transmitt the same in the most acceptable manner, it goes by this conveyance to Mr. Secretary Craggs, and I humbly beg your Lordships countenance to it, that it may meet with a favourable reception from H.M. Your Lordships will please to observe by my Speech, that I have again recommended to them H.M. commands with respect to the payment of my Lord Archibald Hamilton they are not yet come to any resolution on that paragraph nothing shall be wanting in me to perswade them to comply with an Act of so much justice. I shall not omitt in obedience to your Lordships commands of transmitting my reasons for passing such Acts as shall be thought for the publick service etc. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 2½ pp.
479. iii. Copy of order by Governor Sir N. Lawes to Custodes Rotulorum to return lists of the inhabitants of the respective parishes. Same endorsement. 1 p.
479. iv. Copy of Governor Sir N. Lawes's Speech to the Assembly, 20th Oct. 1719. Same endorsement. Printed by R. Baldwin. 4 pp.
479. v. (a) Address of the Assembly of Jamaica to Governor Sir N. Lawes, Oct. 29, 1719. Printed (by R. Baldwin. Price one ryal). 1 p. Overleaf,
479. v. (b) Reply to preceding. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. ½ p.
479. vi. Address of the Governor. Council and Assembly of Jamaica to the King. We do most chearfully embrace this first opportunity to congratulate your Majesty as well upon the success of your arms against your rebellious subjects in North Britain as upon the disapointment of the invasion designed by the Spaniards in favour of the Pretender. And we do crave leave to represent to your Majty. how highly sensible we are of your Majtys. great care and goodness towards this Island express'd in so many instancies and more especially in sending us ships of warr for the defence of our coast and the protection of our trade. It shall be on all occasions our perpetuall care and study to make your Majty. all suitable returns etc. Same endorsement. 1½ pp.
479. vii. Copy of No. 478.
479. viii. Account of H.M. fortifications at Jamaica, 29th Sept., 1719. Same endorsement. 2 pp.
479. ix. Account of H.M. Revenue in Jamaica, 29th Sept., 1719. Total, £10,839 19s. 0½d. Balance, £7,616 11s. 3¼d. Same endorsement. 4 pp. [C.O. 137, 13. Nos. 39, 39.i.–ix.: and (without enclosures) 138, 16. pp. 256–265.]
Dec. 7.
Boston, New England.
480. Governor Shute to the Council of Trade and Plantations. This acknowledges the honour of your Lordsps. letter of the 4th of June, which came not to my hands untill the 5th of October following. Refers to letters of 26th June and 29th Sept. I shall take care for the future to send the affairs relating to each Province in seperate letters. The accompts of the Revenue have been constantly sent ever since they were required etc. Refers to letter of 9th Sept. I sent to the Secretary of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, who tells me he has constantly every half year sent the Minutes of Council and Acts of Assembly to Mr. Secretary Popple and that he has acknowledged the receipt of them. I also sent to the Clerk of the Council of New Hampshire, to acquaint him that the Minutes of Council from the latter end of 1716 were wanting, who assures me that they were all sent. However I have ordered them to be transcribed again, and shall send them by the next ship. I have constantly taken care to remitt all papers, that any of my predecessors ever did and all the accompts that your Lordsps. have required, and shall for the future carefully continue so to do, but if there are any other matters relating to my Governments which the Honble. Board require, I shall be ready to send them upon the first notification if its practicable for Charter Governments are in many circumstances very different from those that are more immediately under H.M. directions. I shall take care that Mr. Bridger shall have all the assistance and countenance that possible I can give him towards the securing of H.M. woods, and have given instructions to the Officers of H.M. Customs to search every ship that sailes from this port, that so no timber may be shipped to Spain. Your Lordsps. are pleased to observe that you find many things relating to my governments printed in the publick news papers of which I had given the Honble. Board no manner of accompt; in answer to which, I assure you, that it is without my knowledge or direction, so that I cannot be accountable for them. Your Lordsps. mention you are surprized that I did not acknowledge the receipt of H.M. Additional Instructions (v. June 4) etc. That Order tho' it bore date the 27th of Sept. 1717 came not to my hand untill the latter end of May, 1718. Upon the receipt of it, I wrote to Mr. Agent Dummer to acquaint the Honble. Board that I had received the order, and to desire to know whether this new order did affect the small impost and powder money which had been allowed here for thirty years past without the least forbidance; who wrote in answer, that your Lordsps. would not allow it; whereupon at the next meeting of the Assembly I did with great difficulty put a stop to it. As to the papers relating to Canso Mr. Dummer owned the receipt of them and assured me that he laid them before your Lordsps. and the reason why I sent them to him was that they might the more securely be delivered. The same ship that brought me H.M. Sollicitor General opinion about the tryal of the pirates, brought me an Act of Parliament against clandestine running of uncustomed goods which I have given to the Collector of the Customs in which Act I find great complaints made by the Commissioners or Principal Officers of H.M. Navy, that pitch and tarr brought from the Plantations is frequently mixed with dross or water etc., whereupon I have given the necessary directions to prevent the same for the future. I have also received directions for the raising of hemp and making of turpintine which I have ordered to be printed and dispersed in the country; as also an Act passed in relation to making lands and tenements liable to pay debts, in which the clause objected against will be altered and sent for H.M. approbation. I shall take care that all the private Acts made, shall be sent to the Honble. Board, and have given orders to the Secretary of the Province, that when any Act shall be passed relating to any private person or persons that he acquaint such person or persons that if he or they do not appoint some Agent in England to sollicit the dispatch of it, it will lye unconfirmed, etc. I am sorry I must acquaint you the paper bills still continue to sink in their value, for since my first arrival they were but at £60 p.c. discount and now they are in three years risen to £120. And though my head has been turn'd to find out some proper remedy, yet at present I am not capable of assigning any proper measures for redressing it, for want of some other medium of trade, but hope in a short time I may be able to propose somthing to the Honble. Board for their consideration. I have received Capt. Scott's bond and have delivered it to the Attorney Genl., who will put it in suit, whenever the parties that are bound shall be found, and shall do my utmost indeavours that the great number of British seamen and servants that used to be carried from Newfoundland to New England by New England ships, be discouraged and prevented. The Assembly of this Province has been sitting ever since I received your Lordsps. letter, which has kept me constantly imployed, so that I have not had leasure to take under my consideration the querys, (v. June 4) which will require time and deliberation, but shall endeavour to transmit answers so soon as I have received just informations and well weighed them etc. Our neighbouring Indians still continue to be at peace with us, but the Jesuits that are sent among them from the French Governments are constantly indeavouring to instill evil principles in them and to induce them, to break the peace that I have since my arrival concluded with them; which if it should happen would prove to be fatal to our new settlements at the eastward etc. M. Vaudrevill, to whom I have often sent and writ, has refused to restore our captives etc. (v. 9th Sept.). Signed, Samll. Shute. Endorsed, Recd. 11th Jan., Read 3 Augt. 1720. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 65.]
Dec. 8.481. Caveat by Daniel Coxne, against an Act of New Jersey for running the line of partition between the Eastern and Western divisions etc. Prays to be heard against it, when it is considered etc. Signed, Dan. Coxe. Endorsed, Recd. 8th Dec., 1719. Read 28th Nov. 1728. 1 p. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V., 534. [C.O. 5, 972. ff. 172, 175 v.]
Dec. 9.
Whitehall.
482. Council of Trade and Plantations to the King. Report upon Act of Pennsylvania investing the estate of Wm. Clarke in Trustees etc. Quote objections offered Oct. 6 and Nov. 18. Recommend that, for the injustice in the said Act, it be disallowed etc. [C.O. 5, 1293. pp. 226–228.]
Dec. 10.483. Extract of letter from the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay to their Agent. You are doubtless inform'd that the duty of one per cent on British goods and tunnage in their shipping was not laid this year, so that they are now free, which you will carefully represent to our advantage. The great precaution which you observ'd in declining to lay that matter before the Board of Trade, when you had discover'd that it would be disagreeable, we highly approve. Signed, Jer. Dummer. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr. Dummer) 15th, Read 16th March, 1720/1. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 39, 40v.]
Dec. 14.484. Petition of Capt. John Evans, R.N. to the King. Prays to be restored to his grant of land, vacated by the Act of New York for vacating grants etc. Subscribed,
484. i. Mr. Secretary Craggs to the Council of Trade and Plantations. St. James's. 14th Dec. 1719. Refers preceding for their report. Signed, J. Craggs. Endorsed, Recd. 21st Jan., Read 16th Feb., 1719/20. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 1052. ff. 3, 3v., 4v.; and 5, 1124. pp. 125–127.]
Dec. 15.
London.
485. Mr. Cumings to Mr. Popple. The Council of Trade and Plantations having desired an account of the fishery of New England the last year, I beleive it might amount to 150,000 qtls. including haddock, hake and pollock which wee call refuse which with the refuse codd is exported for the West Indies the marchantable being shiped for European markets the price of marchantable codd was 26s. pr. qtll. that money and refuse codd 15s. If the fishery att Canso was promoted and protected might be largely improved. Signed, Archd. Cumings. Endorsed, Recd. 21st., Read 22nd Dec., 1719. Addressed. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 58.]
Dec. 16.
Boston.
486. Mr. Willard to Mr. Popple. Illness of a tertian ague and the session of the General Assembly has delayed dispatch of sessional papers etc. Signed, Josiah Willard. Endorsed, Recd. 28th Jan. 1719/20. Read 8th June, 1721. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 55, 56 v.]
Dec. 22.
Whitehall.
487. Mr. Popple to Mr. Nivine. The Council of Trade and Plantations have appointed 8th Jan. to hear what you have to offer on the Act of Antegoa to indemnify Anthony Brown and John Elliot etc. Similar letter to Mr. Marsh, the Solicitor on the other side. [C.O. 153, 13. p. 450.]
Dec. 22.
London.
488. Memorial from Governor Hunter to the Council of Trade and Plantations. By late advices he apprehends that the present President has an intention to breake into the measures that the Governor had with much labour setled for the peace of that countrey and H.M. true interests, contrary to a letter of advice deliver'd over to him in and approved by the Council. Particularly he has begun with the change of some of the principal in the magistracy which they believe will be followed by that of all the rest, in order to a dissolution of this present Assembly, the most dutifull to their Sovereign and the most attentive to the true interests of the Colony that the Province could ever boast of. Submits that H.M. be advis'd to signify his pleasure to the President in Council that no alterations be made but what shall appear by advice of the Council there to be of absolute necessity, and that he by no means dissolve or suffer to dissolve for want of due prorogations this present Assembly etc. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. Read 22nd Dec. 1719. Holograph. 1½ pp. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 534. [C.O. 5, 1051. No. 103; and 5, 1124. pp. 121, 122].
Dec. 23.
Whitehall.
489. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Craggs. Enclose preceding and recommend that instructions be sent as therein proposed. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 535. [C.O. 5, 1124. pp. 122, 123; and (corrected draft) 5, 1079. No. 112.]
[Dec. 23.]490. Governor Johnson to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Before I had honour of your letter or had heard of any complaints made from England of the badness of pitch and tarr exported from this Province, we were sensible of the great abuses amongst ourselves and to remedy soe growing an evill, an Act was past to appoint a certain number of packers upon oath to gage what barrells of pitch and tarr should be shipped of, and to se that the same was good merchantable commoditys under certain penaltys as the said Act directs. Since I have received your Lordships' letter I have issued out a Proclamation to enforce the said Law etc. Hopes that no more complaints will be made etc. "but that those goods (the staple of our country) will bear an equall if not a larger price than from any other part of America." Signed, Robt. Johnson. Endorsed, Recd. 23rd Dec., 1719. Read 29th Jan., 1719/20. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 139.]
Dec. 24.
Bermuda
491. Lt. Governor Bennett to Mr. Popple. Encloses papers to be laid before the Board. Continues:—I understand my invective enemys continue their base contrivances to hurt me, for they now report I have amast a great summe of money and that I desire to be recalled, which occasioned (as I hear) several to apply for this Govermt., but finding that would not doe, then I was said to be dead; As for the first I desire yor. consideration whether its possible for me to have gotten £30,000: (the summe they talk of) when my salary is but £340 p. ann. from the Treasury and as for my perquisites I solemnly declare they doe not mentain me, but supposeing I were worth soe much I should not in honour dureing the warr desire to quit etc. Acknowledges with gratitude his generous friendship etc. Signed, Ben. Bennett. Endorsed, Recd. 29th Feb., Read 7th July, 1720. Holograph. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 37, 10. No. 14.]
Dec. 24.
Bermuda.
492. Same to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to letter of 8th June. Continues: On 20th of same month I received the duplicate of yor. Lordps' date 14th Oct., 1718, but the original has not come to hand. Acknowledges Commissions for pardoning and trying pirates etc. Encloses Naval Officer's lists Oct. 1715–1718. For what were wanting before, they are (as far as I am capable) a transcribeing, but there being soe few clarks here, makes business goe on slow, therefore hope nothing will be imputed as a neglect in me; nor can Capt. Tucker the Secretary for the same reason provide me with such transcripts for transmission as I require of him pursuant to my Instructions, but says all the expedition possible is makeing to qualifie him to perform his duty; and as for the Journals of the Assembly wanting, the Speaker assures their Clark is employ'd in copying them: soe that I pray yor. Lordps. to believe I doe all I can to behave myself blameless: And as to what mistakes have been made in passing of Acts care shall be taken for the future. A New York privateer and two others from this country have brought in here four prizes, particulars whereof with their tryals I shall trouble your Lordps. with by the first opportunity after haveing copys. There has been lately an intention of blowing up the Magazine in the town of St. Georg's, but was happily prevented by the matches being discovered that were laid in order to compleat that horrid villainy, but who were concern'd in the design is not yet known, but believed to be the privateers, their richest prize (a Dutch trader) being cleared haveing noe contraband goods on board, which soe incensed them that several have been heard to rail on the Judges of the Admiralty and threaten revenge. Refers to enclosure ii. Capt. Martindale is a sensible man and doe verily believe what he reports is true. Encloses Journals of Assembly 1st March, 1708–12th April, 1714. What remains untranscrib'd shall be sent in my next etc. Signed, Ben. Bennett. Endorsed, Recd. 25th Feb., Read 7th July, 1720. Holograph. 2½ pp. Enclosed,
492. i. Address of the Governor, Council, Assembly, Clergy, officers and other principal inhabitants of Bermuda to the King. We adore the Divine Providence which so seasonably interposed, and disappointed the attempts of yor. Majesty's enemies both at home and abroad, and gratefully do acknowledge that great care your Majesty has taken to secure to us our rights and priviledges etc. Your Majesty has justly entred into a war with the King of Spain, who assumes to support a vain Pretender to your Crown etc. With hearts full of duty we will use our best endeavours to discourage all designs to weaken your authority etc. Return thanks for appointment of Benjamin Bennett etc. He leaves nothing undone to distinguish himself as becomes a vigillant and prudent Governour, and wholly devoted to yor. Majesty's interest etc. Same endorsement. 1 p.
492. ii. Journal of William Martindale, Commander of the sloop Beersheeba, recently arrived in Bermuda from Providence. Dec. 3, 1719, I came to anchor in Harbour Island, about 16 leagues from Providence; the same day came in Richard Clarke in a privateer sloop commissioned from Rhoad Island having 38 men and also Paul Miller in another privateer sloop with 42 men commissioned from New York. Dec. 5th. About 50 hands from the said privateers did endeavour to set fire to the houses in Harbour Island but some of the inhabitants prevented their design; however they did cut and wound many of them; who retreated to the Garrisson from whence they fired severall small arms which killed one of them and wounded another through the arm. Dec. 8th. Governour Rogers having an account of the aforesd. mutiny sent Capts. Porter and White two privateers of Providence to bring the Commanders of both the others to Providence. 16th. The Flambrough man of warr sailed on a cruce bound for the coast of Florida and Cuba. Advice from Jamaica say that Capt. Bonivea commissioned from thence with 60 hands or thereabouts; took one Capt. Tunjoe Commander of a Spanish privateer from Cuba she having 160 men on board; the English Commander carried the said Spanish privateer into Jamaica, they ingaged several hours and many men were killed and wounded on both sides. Further advice from Jamaica say that Capt. Merrychap of Jamaica in a privateer with 68 men; ingaged with a Spanish privateer with 140 men from Leverdecruce; she had 160,000 peices of eight on board; they were lashed board and board for four hours; both Commanders were killed and many of the Spaniards; the English quitted her for want of ammunition. By a further account from Jamaica the Dutch Dogger brought in by Capt. Hichford Commander of a privateer from York; was cleared by the Admiralty Court in Jamaica; one of H.M. ships of warr from England arrived there soon after, the Commander whereof seized her and unladed her and put the cargo in warehouses, till he receives advice from home by reason of her being taken on the Spanish coast and having on board Spanish commodities (vizt.) cucao and hydes. (19th). I sailed from Providence at which time the two privateers sent to Harbour Island were not returned nor no account of their proceedings. Same endorsement. Copy. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 37, 10. Nos. 15, 15. i., ii.; and (abstract of preceding covering letter), 37, 24. pp. 6, 7.]
Dec. 24.
S. Carolina.
493. The "new pretended" Council and Assembly of S. Carolina to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The great extremitys H.M. subjects of South Carolina were reduced to by the confused negligent and helpless Government of the Lords Proprietors over them, endangering the utter loss of this part of H.M. Dominions in America forced us as the only means for our preservation to renounce all obedience to the Lords and to throw ourselves at the foot of the Throne of his most Sacred Majesty King George; humbly imploring him that he will be pleased to take us into his imediate protection and Government; and as the pressing necessitys the said inhabitants lay under admitted of no delays, they made choice of their Representatives to meet in convention, to proceed in this affair with all possible decorum which so speedy a remedy could admit of. The danger which we expect this Settlement may suddenly fall under pressing us to be very expeditious in our resolves and being very desierous that your Lordships should be made acquainted with the steps we have taken for our preservation and that our ardent zeal and good inclinations to H.M., and that the perilous condition of this Settlement may be laid before H.M., we would not omit giving your Lordships some short account of our grievances and proceedings by a ship which is ready to sail for Great Britain; and do intend by the very next oppertunity to inform your Lordships of all the miserys and misfortunes which have attended us under the Proprietors Government. The continual incursions and depredations on our frontiers made by the Spaniards, and Indians (which seldom give any quarters) incited and incouraged thereto by the Spanish garrison at St. Augustine, and the repeated advices we have received of the warlike preparations making at the Havana and several other Spanish Ports in order to subdue and make a compleat conquest of this Province now in a feeble condition to make resistance, being exhausted by the late terrible Indian war, the vast expence we have been at in subduing the pyrates for the defence of trade and the wretched condition our fortifications are in being demolished by hurricanes, and the small means we have left of putting ourselves in a posture of defence being defeated and deprived of the means thereof by the confused constitution of the Lords Proprietors Government over us, are but branches and parts of our misfortunes. The powerful settlement the French are now making within the limits of the Lords Proprietors Charter, and their building forts within the territories of this Province notwithstanding the many applications made to the Lords Proprietors to prevent it, and to send us succour for our defence, has already had this very ill effect that almost all the Nations of Indians to the S.W. of this Settlement have withdrawn their obedience from the British Government and depend wholy on the Crown of France. Whereby under God nothing can save this Settlement from falling into the hands of France upon the first warr with that Crown, and even Virginia and other H.M. Dominions in North America will thereby be in very great danger. As for the many other insupportable grievances, we lye under with respect to the Lords Proprietors Government care shall be taken to transmit them to your Lordships by the first oppertunity. The Representatives of H.M. subjects in South Carolina meeting in convention, having taken these things into their serious consideration have unanimously renounced all obedience to the Lords Proprietors and their power, and thrown themselves under H.M. imediate Government, and they having first offered the administration thereof exclusive of the Lords Proprietors to the Honble. Robert Johnson Esqr. their then Governour, and he refusing the same, have prevailed upon the Honble. Colo. James Moore Esq. a person zealous for and well affected to H.M. person to accept of the Government of this settlement on H.M. behalf untill H.M. pleasure be further declared therein. These with great submission we esteem to be the onely proceedings we could make towards preserving this H.M. Colony and untill we can send them to your Lordships at large, we hope that no false glosses or misrepresentations that may be put upon and made of our actions, will induce your Lordships to believe that we had any other views in this affair, but the honr. of His most sacred Majesty King George, as a truely loyal people and the safety and preservation of this settlement. Signed, by order of the Commons House of Assembly, T. Hepworth, Speaker; Hovenden Walker, Richd. Allen, Sam. Eveleigh, George Chicken, Thos. Smith, Alexandr. Parris, Richd. Beresford, Council. Endorsed, Recd., Read 18th Feb., 1719/20. Addressed. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 1265. No. 142.]
Dec. 24.
Boston, N. England.
494. Governor Shute to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to letter of 7th Dec., and encloses Minutes of Council and Assembly of New Hampshire since his arrival. Continues: I observe in your Lordsps.' letters that I should have specifyed the vacancies in the Council of New Hampshire, etc. One I have been obliged according to my Instructions to supply because there was not the number of seven, his name is Thomas Paker Esq., he was Speaker of the House of Representatives and has a good estate and succeeds John Smith Esq. who would not accept it. Thomas Atkinson and Richard Gerrish Esqs. are dead and Thomas Phipps Esq. that was appointed a Counciller will not accept of it, to supply which vacancys I humbly propose Archibald Mackphædris, Nicholas Gilman and Peter Ware etc. P.S.—The boundaries of New Hampshire with a map shall be transmitted in the spring etc.; as also an answer to the Queries relating to that Province where at present everything is quiet. Signed, Samll. Shute. Endorsed, Recd. 27th Jan., Read 4th Aug., 1720. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 71].
Dec. 25.495. Office expences of the Board of Trade, Sept. 29—Dec. 25, 1719. v. Journal of Council. [C.O. 388, 77. Nos. 66, 68, 70].
Dec. 26.
Whitehall.
496. Mr. Secretary Craggs to Peter Schuler, President of the Council in New York. The King having received information, that, since the administration of the Government of New York has devolved upon you by the absence of Brigadier Hunter you have begun to make such alterations in the magistracy, as may be prejudicial to H.M. service, if your further proceeding therein be not prevented. I am hereby to signify H.M. express commands to you, that you do not make any other alterations than such as shall be thought by the Council to be absolutely necessary, and particularly, that you do not presume to dissolve the present Assembly, or suffer the same to be dissolved for want of due prorogations, till H.M. further pleasure be known. Signed, J. Craggs. Mem. Delivered to Col. Hunter, to be forwarded by him etc. [C.O. 324, 33. p. 258].
Dec. 27.
Charles Towne, S. Carolina.
497. Governor Johnson to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I think it my duty to acquaint your Lordps. of the extraordinary event that has hapned in this Province; The people labouring under very great taxes and debts occasioned by the Indian war, the intelligence we have of the designes of the Spanniards attacking the place, and the unhappy situation they are in as a frontier to the Spanniards, and at present the great settlemts. the French are also makeing which some time or other may prove fatall to them, and the continuall danger of another Indian warr; and some differences lately arisen betwixt the Lords Protrs. and the people about their previllages, has stirred up the minds of severall of the richest inhabitants who have put it in the heads of the Commonallity, that neither they nor their posterity can be secure in their persons or estates, and that the Province cannot long subsist, without the imediate protection and assistance of the Crown. have one step after another at last with one accord, disclaimed any obedience to the Lords Proprietrs. and because my honr. as being intrusted by their Lordps. would not permit me to accept the Governmt. in any other manner, than as I was commissioned, and because I had no power from H.M. so to do, and did apprehend that wt. they were doing was ireguler they have elected another, who has taken upon him to hold the Governmt. in the King's name alone, till H.M. pleasure be further known; I beleive they must do me the justice, that I have always behaved myself with the greatest loyalty and obedience to the King etc., and am unfortunate only, and have lost my bread, for no other reason but because I had not the honour to bere H.M. imediate Comission; I have apprized the Lords Protrs. of the perticulers of this defection; I know not how well pleasing the manner of doing this may be to the King; but as by the Address of the People to me (the copy of which I inclose) it appears I have not misbehaved myself, nor that my maleadministration has occationed this; I presume to hope for your Lordps. favours and recommendation of me for Governour, in case H.M. takes it into his own hands. If not, that I may be restored by his especiall order and command, till such time as his pleasure be further known etc. The poor proffits of the Govermt. at the best, the extraordinary expence I was at, in suppressing severall pyrats, and the short time of my being here (the extraordinary expence of my comming over included) I am £1000 sterling worse by having ever had it. Signed, Robt. Johnson. Endorsed, Recd. Read 24th Feb. 1719/20. 2 pp. Enclosed,
497. i. Address of the Representatives of South Carolina to Governor Johnson, Charles Towne. It is no small concern that we finde ourselves obliged to address yr. Honr. in a matter for which nothing but the absolute necessity of self preservation could have at this juncture prevaled on us to do. The reasons are already by us made known to yor. Honr. and ye World. Therefore forbear to rehearse them but proceed and take leave to assure you that it is the greatest satisfaction immaginable to us to finde throughout all ye country what universall affection difference and respect the inhabitants bear to yor. Honrs. person and with what passionate desire they wish for a continuance of yor. gentle and good administracon, and since wee who are intrusted with and are the assertors of their rights and liberties are unanimously of oppinion that no person is fitter to govern so loyall and obedient a people to His most Sacred Majesty King George so we most earnestly desire and intreat yor. Honr. to take upon you the Government of this Province in H.M. name till his pleasure shall be known, by which means we are convinced that this (at present) unfortunate Collony may florish as well as those who feal the happy influence of H.M. imediate care. As the well-being and preservation of this Province depends greatly on yor. Honors. complying with our requests so we flatter ourselves that you who have exprest so tender a regard for it on all occasions and perticularly in hazarding yor. own person in an expedicon against the pyrats for its defence an example seldome found in Governours, so we hope Sir. that you will exart yourself at this juncture for its support as we promise yor. Honour on our parts the most faithfull assistance of persons duly senceable of yor. Honrs. great goodness, and big with ye hopes and expectations of H.M. protection and continuance, and wee will in the most dutifull manner address his most sacred Majesty for the continuance of yor. Government over us under whome we doubt not to be a happy people. Signed, Saml. Jones, Paul Hambilton, Hugh Hext, Richd. Harris, Jno. Raven, Wm. Elliot, Thos. Lynch, Jonathn. Drake, Tho. Hepworth, Andr. Allen, Jos. Morton, Jno. Godfrey, Jno. Gendron, Jno. Williams, Danl. Huzer, Richd. Smith, Wm. Wilkins, Ar. Middleton, Geo. Logan, Alexr. Skene, Xep. Wilkinson, Richd. Beresford, Jono. Fenwick, Benja. Schenekingh, Geo. Chicken, Wm. Dry, Walter Izard. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1265. Nos. 143, 143. i.]
Dec. 31.
Westminster.
498. Copy of Privy Seal directing salaries to be paid to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. As July 16, 1718, but substituting Earl of Westmorland for Earl of Holdernesse. (v. 11th May). Endorsed, Recd. Read Jan. 21st, 1719/20. 4 pp. [C.O. 388, 77. No. 71.]