Laaland, Loland, island of [Denmark],
Lacy, S., letter from, 363.
Lake, land of. See Liège.
Lalain, Emmanuel Philibert de, marquis
of Renty, Renti, Rentti:
-, Verdugo asks Mansfeld to deal
-, at Terneuse, 271; will attack
Tergoe from Flanders, 273.
-, regiment of, at Hoogstraeten, 308;
Lallier, Jacques, seigneur du Pin,
marquis Depien, 363.
Lambert, Lambarte, Lamberd, Oliver,
captain, 224, 410:
-, absent from company, 175.
-, commands Ostend men at Bergen,
-, 200l. saved on checks of, 272;
suspected abuses in checks of,
-, pay of, 131; money paid to, 261,
262; money due to, 411.
-, company of, at Ostend, 132, 137,
141, 264; mutinies, 203; at
Bergen, 291. See also Younge,
Lambeuson, Thomas, captain, letter
signed by, 320.
la Mothe, Lamot, Lamott, la Motte.
See Pardieu, Valentin.
-, Willoughby offers to raise 300 for
-, Dale has escort of, 35.
-, Wingfield to have company of, at
-, imprests of English, 147.
-, Leicester converted all English
horse into, 403.
Lanckhaer, captain, 149.
Lancomo. See Savary, Jacques de.
Landgrave. See Philip, Landgrave of
Land's End [co. Cornwall], 104.
Langstraat, de, Langstrade [N. Brabant, Netherlands], 397.
Languedoc, Languedock [France], 54:
-, governor of, may join Epernon,
-, no forces yet come to Navarre
lansknechts, lanzknechts. See Germans.
La Panta. See Lepanto.
Larchant. See Grimonville, Nicolas
Laredo. See Alaredo.
Laundon. See London.
Lautrec, —, 251.
Lauwenberch, Lawenburch, duke of.
See Francis II.
Lavardin, Lavardine. See Beaumanoir,
law, international, 227, 228.
- of nature, 227.
Lawson, —, 333.
Laxley, Andrew, 293.
Layden. See Leyden.
Lea, Sir Henry, 168.
lead, sent to Ostend, 81; sent to
League, the Catholic, Holy, the
Leaguers, the Union, Guise's
-, agreement of king and, likely, 1;
articles of agreement, 2, 16;
two points not settled, 4;
amazed at king's compliance,
5; agreement published, 53, 69.
-, cease to urge breach of English
-, annoyed by news of Epernon's
success and Lorrainers' withdrawal, 13.
-, Guise and Parisians to meet king:
agreement laughed at, 61–2.
-, Montpensier and Soissons join,
with reservations, 62.
-, hates Miron, 62.
-, and Parma have designs on
Boulogne, 63; reverses of, at
-, devastates duchy of Bouillon, 103.
-, very unpopular S. of Loire, 110.
-, mistrust Nuncio, 121, 145.
-, lacks money, 125, 126.
-, say Parma betrayed Armada, 146.
-, Henry III may fortify himself
against, by telling news of
Armada's defeat, 221.
-, will seize Jersey, etc., 351.
-, Parma thinks Guise's death will
ruin, 391; bad position of
Spain, if overthrown, 393.
-, Parma asked to aid, 392; will aid,
-, Artois levies sent to, 399.
-, loses ground in Picardy, 395.
Leathario, Geffrei, letter from, 367.
Lecester, Lester, George, vice-treasurer
of the forces in the Low
-, paper signed by, 169.
-, can give account of abuses at
-, contracted to victual Portugal
-, asks States to pay Wachtendonk
Leche, Leck. See Lek.
Lede, Don Juan, Jan, de, 116.
Lee, Gilbert, captain of Heye, 148.
Leekes, baron de. See Recourt,
Leeman, Michel, gets guns for Middelburg, 57, 309.
Leer, Lier [E. Friesland, Germany],
Leeuwarden [Friesland, Netherlands],
letters dated at, 269, 287, 288.
Leghier, captain, 149.
Legir, captain, 148.
Leguiçamo, Don Tristran de, entretenido
of Parma, 264.
Leicester, earl of. See Dudley, Robert.
Leiden. See Leyden.
Leighton, Leython, Sir Thomas, letter
Lek, Leche, Leck, river [Netherlands],
Parma's plans for crossing, 332,
345; closed to trade, 361.
Leke, —, 408.
Lenaerts, Pieter, merchant, of Holland,
Lennep, Lennet, Rodolf van, captain,
Leolinus, —, 408.
Leon, Pedro de, letter from, 305.
Leoninus, Elbertus, chancellor of Gelderland, member of the Council
-, letter signed by, 234.
-, at Utrecht, 43; detained by fresh
questions arising, 68.
-, going again to Utrecht, 104; no
news of, 118; persuades Utrecht
to grant 20,000 florins, 140, 154.
-, sent again to Utrecht, 234.
Lepanto, La Panta [Corsolary islands],
battle of, referred to, 97.
Lerma, Don Alonso Martinez de, 396.
Lernkulen [Denmark], 80.
Lesdiguieres. See Bonne, François de.
Lesley, captain, 286.
Leslie, John, bishop of Ross. See
Lester. See Lecester.
Lestre, conte de. See Dudley, Robert.
Leva. See Leyva.
Leverpoole. See Liverpool.
Leveson, Lewson, Luson, Sir Walter,
spoiled fishermen, 21; spoiled
Lewes, Lews, John, 410; money due
Leyden, Layden, Leiden [S. Holland,
-, Paul Buys at, 44.
-, Killigrew at, 140.
-, Saravia protests at false accusations by, 213.
-, Norris to urge States to restore
exiles of, 248; no proceedings
against them since Queen wrote,
300; Queen urged their restoration, 301; Council of State
intercedes for them, 340;
Bodley to deal for them, 356;
Bodley has written to them, 400.
-, Caron commends one of, 260.
-, disorders at, referred to, 328.
-, de la Faille at, 350.
-, burgomaster of. See Adrians,
-, clerk of. See Hout, Jan van.
Leynkins, Leysson, Cornelis, merchant,
of Flushing, admiralty suit of,
Leython. See Leighton.
Leyva, Leva, Don Alonzo de, general
of Milanese cavalry, in Armada,
116; commands a division of
the rearward, 75.
-, Antonio Luis de, prince of
Ascoli, Ascholla, Ascoly,
Auskala, reputed son of Philip
-, in Armada, 116.
-, leaves Netherlands, 305.
-, is malcontent, 308.
-, going to Spain, 349, 351.
-, Don Diego de, brother of
Liège, principality, bishopric, of, land
of Lake (Luyck) [Belgium], 396.
-, prince, bishop, of. See Bavaria,
Lier [Antwerp, Belgium], 323.
-, See also Leer.
Lieven, Charles de, heer van Famars,
Famas, Famasse, governor of
-, Maurice wholly led by, 82.
-, Maurice puts into Heusden, 215,
-, Maurice asks help of, against
-, averts mutiny, 371.
Ligne, Charles de, count, earl, of
Aremberg, Arenberghe, Arenborgh, peace commissioner:
-, lodgings of, 10.
-, complaint by, against Bergen
garrison, 6; answer desired, 32,
-, sends to Derby, 151.
-, wanted artichoke roots, 298.
Lille [Flanders, now Nord, France],
letter dated at, referred to, 108.
Lillo, Lullo [Antwerp, Belgium]:
-, Parma's army near, 136.
-, prisoners taken to, 253, 267.
-, R. Tomson at, 320; Parma will
let him return to, 321.
-, States' fleet off, 349.
Lilly, Lilie, Lillye, Lylly, William,
-, letters from, 124, 146.
-, -, referred to, 98, 99, 107, 108,
121, 123, 144.
-, letter to, referred to, 98.
-, Stafford has news from, 89.
-, deals about Madame Châteauneuf's
-, does not know his friend is
Stafford's friend, 99; unnamed
friend of, at court, 124, 127.
-, Stafford sends news of Armada to,
100; uses it to give lie to
-, Guise offended he is at court, 107.
-, asked Henry III how he would
answer demands to aid Armada,
-, Stafford blots out 'biting words'
in letter of, 123.
-, deals against Mendoca's demand
for galleass, 123, 146, 147.
-, spends like an ambassador on
-, indisposed, 126.
-, deals with Pinart about Placin,
128, 146, 147.
Limoges [Haute Vienne, France], 13.
linseed oil, 81.
Lion, Elias de, drossaard of Bergen,
211; will not lay out one penny,
Lisbon, Lisborne, Lixbona, Lixbone
[Portugal], 319, 367:
-, letters dated at, referred to, 156.
-, Armada leaves, 1; left 30 May,
-, corn sent from Dieppe for, 63.
-, no warships left at, 157.
-, 60 hulks equipping at, 171.
-, money coming to Dunkirk from,
-, 90 sail ready at, 232.
-, importance of having regular news
-, have to keep 1500 soldiers, 351.
-, cardinal Albert at, 395.
-, lacks corn, 399.
Liseman, George, 227.
Lithuania, the Lithuanians, Lituanians,
truce between Russia and, 79;
Sigismund in, 308.
Littleton, Litleton, Lytleton, Lyttelton, Lyttleton, Francis, captain,
-, money paid to, 261, 262, 412;
due to, 411; due by, 354.
-, company of, at Flushing, 30, 137,
Liverpool, Leverpoole [co. Lancaster],
ship of, 3.
Lixbona, Lixbone. See Lisbon.
Lloyd, Lloyde, Sir Jevan, captain, 410;
money paid to, 261.
Lochem, Locchum, Lochum [Gelderland, Netherlands], mutiny
pacified at, 309; horsemen of,
take enemy convoy, 342.
Loches [Indre et Loire, France], 62.
Lockton, John, 409.
Loesa, Don Juan, ensign of Antonio
Loire, river [France], 179, 311:
-, unpopularity of League S. of,
-, Navarre intends enterprise near,
-, Nevers' army crossed, 363.
Loland. See Laaland.
Lon. See Loon.
Lonck, Lonche, Cornelis, van Roozendael, admiral of Flushing, 148.
-, Dirck Jansz., Jans, burgomaster of Gouda, 363.
London, Laundon, 122, 214, 321, 367,
-, letters dated at, 1, 18, 22, 23, 24,
57, 63, 88, 130, 193, 221, 223,
224, 235, 260, 277, 278, 285,
286, 289, 307, 314, 355, 364,
-, should be trenched around like
-, gates shut during Armada, 120.
-, Ostend asks for alms from refugee
churches in, 223.
-, customs of, 259, 390.
-, lecture on fortification at, 311.
-, Spirnich in, 319.
-, de la Faille's children in, 350.
-, St. Bartholomew's fair at, 362.
-, Dunkirkers captured bark of, 368.
-, exchange rates at, 370, 383–6.
-, places in:
-, Bishopsgate, 23.
-, Bridewell, Bridouel, 88.
-, Marshalsea, 17.
-, alderman of. See Pullison, Sir
-, merchants of. See Allen, Thomas;
Allington, Henry; Cox, Henry;
-, ship of. See Swallow.
Loo, Andrea, Andrees, Andrew de,
Vanloe, Flemish merchant, 10,
-, letters from, 47, 116, 150, 151, 195,
-, -, referred to, 26.
-, writes frequently to England, 3.
-, Crofts often confers with, 26.
-, Parma's assurances to, after Dale's
audience, 34, 47.
-, does not despair of peace, 116.
-, desires reward from Queen, 116,
151, 195, 197.
-, suggests fresh overtures to Parma,
150, 151, 196, 197.
-, French report of fresh overtures
-, attempted assassination of, 198.
-, Giles seeks redress against, 281,
Loon, Lon, Cornelis van, 331.
-, —, captain, Menninck's relations with, 331.
Loosen, Albrecht van, 363.
Lopes, Gregorio, 264.
Lorraine, duchy of, 62, 396:
-, Germans said to invade, 13.
-, fort of troops of, at Bonn burnt,
-, Parma sends troops of, towards
-, duke of. See Charles II.
-, house of, Metz may declare
-, Charles de, duke of Aumâle,
-, letters from, referred to, 391.
-, has given up siege of Boulogne, 7,
-, asks Parma's help, 391.
-, chosen governor of Paris, 392.
-, Charles de, prince of Joinville,
Genevill, eldest son of Henri,
-, Charles de, duke of Mayenne,
-, Henry III promises Valence citadel
-, to send forces to Saluzzo, 266.
-, declared governor of Paris, 392.
-, Parma sends Allegria to, 392.
-, Claude de, chevalier d' Aumâle,
d' Omale, d' Omall:
-, gone to join Parma, 108; going
for England, 126.
-, asks for grand priory of Champagne, 108; said to be given it,
124; this untrue, 146.
-, cries out against Parma, 146.
-, Henri de, duke of Guise, Guyse,
Mucio, lieutenant-general of
France, 209, 396:
-, document signed by, 16.
-, raises Germans with Spanish
-, followers warn, against Henry III,
5, 61; Henry III has design
-, awaits Henry III at St. Germainen-Laye, 54; and Parisians to
meet Henry III, 61–2.
-, weak position of, in Paris, 99.
-, lieutenant-generalship will ruin,
107; patent appointing him,
-, objects to Lilly being at Court,
-, Navarre eager to encounter, 110.
-, disputes between Nevers and, 124.
-, is very sad, 125; does what he
-, dare not lose control of King's
person, 126; and Henry III
very good friends, 158.
-, quarrel between harbingers of
Soissons and, 154.
-, duke of Lorraine claims share
with, in these Salic matters, 232.
-, promised Boulogne to Spain, 311.
-, money due to, by Spain, 391.
-, Parma's views on death of, 391–2;
Italian princes encouraged, 393;
English should not show undue
-, King's declaration on death of,
-, poem on death of, 405.
-, See also Henry III; League, the
-, Louis de, cardinal of Guise,
death of, 391, 395.
-, Philippe Emmanuel de, duke
of Mercoeur, Marcury, Mercury,
Mercurye, Navarre routs company of, 145; retires to Nantes,
Louis XI. king of France, 53.
Louise de Lorraine, queen of France,
king causes to favour Soissons,
61; entertains lady Sheffield
Louvain, Lovaine [Brabant, Belgium],
university of, 71.
Lovell, Louvel, Lovel, Loven, Thomas:
-, letters borne by, 119, 130, 154.
-, Killigrew commends, 118.
-, knows States' plots against Flushing, 133, 163, 188.
-, Bergen desires services of, 337;
Morgan desires his services, 347.
Low Countries, the, 135, 207, 251, 377:
-, Spaniards refuse to withdraw
foreign forces from, 29, 37;
this delays peace treaty, 71,
74; reasons for Queen's demand, 405.
-, Queen's proceedings in, show she
does not covet others' lands,
52; dangerous to England if
possessed by papists, 71.
-, peace treaty discussions upon
armistice in, 96.
-, Queen's demands for, in peace
treaty, 74, 96, 97.
-, States General of whole, would
ratify peace treaty, 151, 196,
-, duke of Lauenburch arrests those
-, answers to questions about exchanges in, 385.
-, notes on English relations with,
-, refugees from:
-, a plan for troops to be waged by,
134–6; exhortation to, 181;
those in England should pay
for Flemish offensive, 216–7.
-, See also United Provinces.
-, Spanish, 73, 153:
-, Parma's heavy expenditure in, 7.
-, rich revenues of United Provinces
from licences to trade with, 212,
234, 254; this raises prices, 334.
-, ransomed Armada prisoners not
to be sent to, 214.
-, Ostend desires to licence trade
-, no talk of duke of Savoy coming
-, Estates of, to meet, 305, 323.
-, States should pay for Willoughby's
spies in, 324.
-, Emperor's kinsman to be governor
-, France may take advantage of
war in, 391.
-, Geertruidenberg seizes boats going
-, no money in, 398.
-, Sedan cannot get salt from, 414.
-, See also Antwerp; Artois; Brabant; Farnese, Alexander;
Flanders; Groningerland; Groningen; Hainault; Ostend.
Lubeck, Lubecke, Lubicke [Germany],
39, 310; sends munitions to
Spain, 360; Harborne passed
Lullo. See Lillo.
Luson. See Loveson.
Lygons, Ralph, English fugitive, 203.
Lylly. See Lilly.
Lyngbygaard, Lyngbui [Scania, Denmark, now Sweden], 80.
Lyons [Rhône, France]:
-, exchange rates at, 370, 386.
-, Henry III going to, 382.
-, Mayenne at, 392.
-, king assured of, 395.
-, archbishop, bishop, of. See
Lytleton, Lyttelton, Lyttleton. See