Index
S

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Institute of Historical Research

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Richard Bruce Wernham (editor)

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1936

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507-519

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'Index: S', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 22: July-December 1588 (1936), pp. 507-519. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74890 Date accessed: 31 October 2014.


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S

Sabenico. See Sebenico.

Sackville, Thomas, lord Buckhurst, 170, 403:
-, would be welcome in Netherlands, 184.
-, can testify against Deventer, 304.

saconnets. See guns.

safe conduct. See passport.

sailors, mariners, 136, 160, 200, 216, 224:
-, sack lower Boulogne, 7.
-, Armada lacks, 18, 104; numbers in, 112.
-, Holland fisherman attacked by Leveson's men, 21.
-, Parma's desert, 32; are mutinous, 103; few left, 158; discharged, 228; he lacks, 399.
-, Scots to die for piracy, 68, 82.
-, Parma seeks Danish, 76.
-, of Brielle, brings news of Armada, 92.
-, fishermen of Dieppe see Armada action, 100.
-, report of Armada by, 104; referred to, 111.
-, of Flushing pillage San Felipe and San Mateo, 114.
-, States will levy more, 119; numbers with Justinus, 148, 149.
-, of Emden, detained in Spain, 156, 157.
-, none should go to Spain, 321.
-, Norris raising, 323, 340.
-, French, reports of Spain, 399.

St. Bartholomew's fair, at London, 362.

St. Bartholomew massacre, 395.

St. Cathrijns. See St. Katherine's.

St. Denys [Seine, France], 125.

St. Dyé, Die [Loir et Cher, France], letter dated at, 333.

St. Germain-en-Laye [Seine et Oise, France], 54.

St. Homers. See St. Omer.

St. James, London, letters and papers dated at, 98, 142, 168, 217, 218, 228.

St. Jean d' Angely, Angeli, St. Jean [Charente Inf., France], princess of Condé said to be executed at, 107; Navarre takes, 311.

St. Katherine's, St. Cathrijns, London, 319.

St. Lary, César Auguste de, baron de Thermes, Terms, 209.

St. Malo [Ille et Vilaine, France], 298.

St. Martin. See San Martin.

St. Matthew, St. Mathu. See San Mateo.

St. More. See Saumur.

St. Nicholas [Archangel, Russia]:
-, merchantmen returned from, will strengthen Queen's navy, 90.
-, 2 ships could assure whole trade of, 310.
-, Tsar licensed Marsh to trade to, 352.

St. Nieulant, —, 151.

St. Omer, St. Homers, St. Omers, St. Thomas [Pas de Calais, France], 17; flat bottoms of, go to Gravelines, 35, 36; 20 flat bottoms of, at Dunkirk, 228; French refugees at, 399.

St. Philip, St. Phillipe, St. Philippo. See San Felipe.

St. Quentin, St. Quyntynes [Aisne, France], 17.

St. Sebastian. See San Sebastian.

St. Thomas. See St. Omer.

Ste. Aldegonde, Alldegonde. See Marnix, Philippe de.

Ste. Crusse. See Bazan, Alvaro de.

Salamanca, Hernando, 264.

Salic, Salique, 232.

Salisbury, Salsburie, Ralph, captain, 410:
-, money paid to, 262; due to, 411.
-, company of, at Bergen, 137, 263, 291; men from, sent to England, 132.

salt, 361, 414.

Saltonstall, Salkenstall, Salkinstall, Sallkinson, governor of Merchants Adventurers:
-, letter to, 114.
-, -, referred to, 103.
-, and Beale sent to Hamburg; instructions, 38–40; credentials, 40.

saltpetre, 81, 297.

Saluzzo, Saluse, marquisate of [Cunco, Italy], 395:
-, Savoy seizes, 310, 399.
-, Poigny to demand restitution, 266, 393.

Salzburg, archbishop of [Germany], newsletter from, 60.

-, archbishop, lord of. See Raitenau, Wolfgang Dietrich von.

Sampson, —, 410.

Samur. See Saumur.

Sandwich [co. Kent], merchant of. See Scott, Robert.

San Felipe, St. Philip, St. Phillipe, St. Phillippo, Sante Phelippo. Armada galleon, of F. de Toledo:
-, taken by Flushing ships, 98, 105, 116, 155, 159; account of taking of, 114.
-, sank, 112.
-, much damaged by English fire, 115.
-, La Mothe should have aided, 122.
-, dispute over guns of, 164.

[San Lorenzo], Armada galleass, of H. de Monçada:
-, in rearward, 75.
-, spoiled, 97; at Calais, 104, 133.
-, Gourdain fires on English attacking, 98; seizes guns of, 122; king orders him to restore them, 158.
-, driven ashore at Calais, 115, 116.
-, Mendoça demands restoration of, 121, 123; obtains it, 144; Lilly seeks to prevent restoration of, 146; French council reconsiders about, 147.
-, total wreck, 158; to be sold, 298.
-, guns of, on Dunkirkers, 228, 298; sent to Spain, 368.

San Martin, St. Martin, royal galleon, Medina-Sidonia's flagship, letter dated on board, 75; carried treasure, 116; returned, 232.

San Mateo, St. Matthew, St. Mathu, Sante Mathio, Armada galleon, of Piementel:
-, taken by Flushingers, 104, 105, 116, 122, 155, 159.
-, sank, 112.
-, account of taking of, 114.
-, damaged by English fire, 115.
-, dispute about guns of, 164.

San Sebastian, St. Sebastian [Guipuscoa, Spain], 232.

[Santa Ana], Armada galleon:
-, at Hâvre, damaged, 146, 232.
-, was aground at Blavet, 171.
-, all to pieces; for sale, 298.
-, to return to Spain, 399.

Sante Phelippo. See San Felipe.

Saravia, Adrien de, letters from, 213.

Sarza, Gonsalvez de, letters of, referred to, 214.

Sas van Ghent, Sasse, Zasse [Zeeland, Netherlands], 32; trade to, prohibited, 253.

Sassetti, Thomasso, letter from, 193.

satin, 128.

Saturpholm [Denmark], 80.

Saumur, St. More, Samur, Saumure [Maine et Loire, France], 128; Navarre may besiege, 125; he draws near to, 145; Nevers crossed at, 363.

Sauve, baron de. See Fizes, Simon de.

Savage, Savaige, Arthur, Leicester's lieutenant, captain, Willoughby and Russel dispute about giving company to, 9, 30, 31, 272; Queen cannot decide on offer of, to raise troop, 292, 311.

Savary, Jacques de, sieur de Lancôme, Lancomo, French ambassador to Turkey, 281:
-, quarrel with Gondalo, 139; vizier to hear the case, 201.
-, has frequent news from home, 200.
-, fears Vento will replace him, 282.
-, to be recalled, 334.

Savoy, Savweigh, Sawoy, Amadeo of. See Amadeo.

-, duke of. See Charles Emmanuel I; Emmanuel Philibert.

Saxony, elector, duke of. See Christian I.

Scale, William, cannoneer, at Flushing, 195.

Scalthorpe, Thomas, 315.

Scania, Schonen [Denmark, now Sweden], 76.

Sceeley, George, 407.

Schampayne. See Perrenot, Frederick Granvelle.

Schedorff [Denmark], 80.

Schefeld, James, of Wissborn, 80.

Schelkyns, Ulbe, letters signed by, 287.

Schenck, Scenke, Scheink, Schencke, Schinck, Schincke, Scink, Shenck, Shenk, Shinke, Sinquer, Skenck, Skencke, Skenke, Skinck, Skincke, Martin, colonel, Sir, sieur de Afferden and Blyenbeek, 8:
-, letter from, 246.
-, -, referred to, 187, 302, 369.
-, letter to, 369.
-, -, referred to, 49, 400.
-, States unlikely to help for Bonn, 20, 59; some aid promised to, 43; demands of, to be answered soon, 66.
-, Geertruidenberg will not accept, as governor, 55; Willoughby not to blame, 65, 175; he blames Willoughby, 68, 140; complains to Queen, 246–7.
-, States will aid, to victual Rheinberg, 87; men and money given to, 90.
-, T. Morgan would go with, 92.
-, gone towards Bonn, 119, 155.
-, English horse to go with, 150, 162.
-, lackey of, swims Rhine to Bonn, 157.
-, gone toward Gelderland, 185; takes Beck fort, 187; victuals Rheinberg, 215; reinforces Wachtendonk, 236; takes Dodaendael, 267, 268.
-, suggested for service in Flanders, 216.
-, would stop Rhine and Maas trade, 268; and Vijgh and Brakel levy toll on the trade, 302; Brakel's dismissed troops join, 303; cuts off supplies from Germany, 395.
-, makes fort near Hithenam, 269; goes to provide for his Sconce, 309.
-, Queen wrote in vain for, 300; Bodley to urge States to consider, 324, 356, 369; Ortel's article on, with answer, 338.
-, sends articles of demands to States, 321; States' defence of treatment of, 402.
-, States may seek to stir troops against, 322; States adopt strong measures against, 341; little hope of agreement with, 387; men of, to be paid, 388.
-, at his Sconce, 361.
-, would remain neuter, 370; will serve States still, 371; rumour that will serve Cleves, 400.

-, new fort of. See Herwaarden.

Schenckenschanz, Nimmeensche Bril, Schenck's [etc.] Sconce, s' Gravenwaert, Sgravenweerdt, s' Gravenweert, Weerdt, Weirt [Rhenish Prussia, Germany], 162, 370:
-, Morgan will go to, 45.
-, enemy will soon be before, 247; enemy meant to blockade, 345.
-, Schenck goes to provide for, 309.
-, Schenck still at, 361, 387.
-, pay sent to, 388.
-, cuts off supplies from Germany, 395.
-, rumour yielded to Cleves, 400.

Scherpenzeel [Utrecht, Netherlands], 331; enemy will send men to, 345.

Schested, George, of Nortesehe, 80.

Schleswig, Sleswycke, duchy of [Denmark]:
-, councillors of, 77; list of them, 80.
-, Danish royal lieutenant in. See Ranzau, Henry.
-, chancellor of. See Gutzlaudius, Jonathan.

Schonbergh, Martin van, letters signed by, 287.

Schonen. See Scania.

Schoonewal, sieur de. See Caron, Noel de.

Schoonhaven, Schoenhouen [S. Holland, Netherlands], 155.

Schotz, —, 217.

Schregel, colonel George Erasmus, counsellor of John Casimir, letter from, 347; memoir of claims against States, 348.

Schrenerswert [? for Kaiserswert, Rhenish Prussia, Germany], 187.

Schrevenborn [Denmark], 80.

Schrobber, captain, 149.

Schulz, Schult, Shult, Dr. John, senator of Hamburg:
-, letter from, referred to, 38.
-, will be licensed to export cloth if agreement made with Hamburg, 39.
-, mission of, to England, referred to, 40, 227.

Schürmann, Bernard, councillor of Copenhagen, 6, 87.

-, John, of Copenhagen, 87.

Schuyen, captain, 149.

Sciavus Pasha, grand vizier, viceroy, vicerey, of Turkey:
-, a Spanish pensioner, 101, 173; Antonio should bribe more highly, 174.
-, vices of, 102.
-, ill will of, to Hassan, 200.
-, judges quarrel between Lancôme and Gondolo, 201; wrote for Vento and against Lancôme, 282.
-, dare not oppose beglerbey, 334.
-, Moro's master of household helps runaway slaves of, 335.

Seink. See Schenck.

Scoenberke, —, Saxon councillor, 80.

Scofeld, Richard, servant of. See Hilles, Robert.

Scoote. See Scott.

Scotland, 52, 400.
-, Armada bound for, 1.
-, Spanish plans in, fail, 8, 11, 25, 28.
-, Dale to demand armistice covering, 73; Parma refused, 74.
-, ambassadors going to Denmark from, 76.
-, Armada said to reassemble in, 85; will probably sail around, 104; Mendoça brags of wonders in, 121; Recalde and MedinaSidonia separated off, 232; Armada off N. coast of, 401.
-, report of Spanish landing in, 158; Turkish reports of it, 200; report false, 175, 176.
-, 24 sail preparing in, for Stewart's reprisals, 221; danger of quarrel between States and, 222: Voocht going to, 244; desires despatch to, 289; Queen stays his journey to, 372.
-, Semple back from, 231.
-, ships should be sent to N. isles of, 360.
-, Spaniards shipped to Netherlands from, 370.
-, Danish king's daughter reported gone to, 398.
-, war of 1558–9, mentioned, 415.
-, king of. See James VI.
-, queen of. See Mary.

Scots:
-, news of Armada brought by, 158.
-, one serving Parma captured at Bergen, 204.
-, serving United Provinces:
-, Willoughby stays, 27.
-, served States against Anjou, 259.
-, Stewart's claims for pay of, 285; captains named, 286.
-, 6 companies to go to Wachtendonk, 374.
-, See also Balfour, Henry; Hay, William; Proppe.

Scott, Scoote, Sir John, captain, 410:
-, letter signed by, 229.
-, money paid to, 261, 262; due to, 411; due by, 353, 354, 355.
-, company of, at Bergen, 137, 263, 291; men from, sent to England, 132; to go with Norris, 390.

-, Robert, merchant, of Sandwich, 362.

-, Sir Thomas, 410.

Scudamore, Skydmore, —, 410.

sea-coal. See coal.

seal, the great, 219, 386.

-, the privy, 37, 219, 277, 412.

seal, broad, of Spain, 73.

Seamer. See Seymour.

Sebenico, Sabenico [Dalmatia], 173.

Sechian. See Csik.

secretary, the principal, Mr. See Davison, William; Walsingham, Sir Francis.

-, for Latin tongue. See Wolley, John.

Sedan, Esdan, Essedan [Ardennes, France]:
-, letters dated at, 103, 180, 383.
-, Montpensier sent to, 4; he protects, 62.
-, Lorraine blockades, 58.
-, de la Noue at, 310.
-, Guise's death should relieve, 394.

Segeberg [Holstein, Denmark, now Germany], prefect of. See Ranzau, Henry.

Sehegaard [Denmark], 80.

Seimer, Seimor. See Seymour.

Selim I, sultan of Turkey, 139.

Selwin, —, 332, 333.

Semenes, Diego, 264.

Sempill, Simple, William, 231.

Senoy. See Sonoy.

Seur, le. See Sueur, le.

Seurre, Michel de, grand prior of Champagne, chamberlain of Henry III, knight of Malta, d'Aumâle asks for office of, 108; untrue report of death of, 124, 146.

Sevenberghen. See Zevenbergen.

Seville, Cyvyll, Siville [Andalusia, Spain], regent of, 116.

-, galleons of. See ships.

Seymour, Seamer, Seimer, Seimor, Seymere, Simer, lord Edward, servant of. See Pick, William.

-, lord Henry, lord Harry, 123, 146:
-, letter from, 133.
-, States send more ships to, 2; their instructions, 25; 20 gone, 24 going, 27; 30 go from Flushing to, 81.
-, Cobham sends information to, 3.
-, pinnace takes news of Armada fighting to, 85.
-, returns to Downs, 113; joining States' fleet off Dunkirk, 133.
-, States blockaded Parma while he chased Armada, 144.

s'Gravenwaert, Sgravenweerdt, s'Gravenweert. See Schenckenschanz.

sheep, 185.

Sheffield, Chefy, Sheffedd, lady Douglas, wife of Sir E. Stafford, lady Stafford, 207:
-, letter from, referred to, 123.
-, asks Mme. Châteauneuf for news, 64.
-, returning to England, 123; going to court, 126; takes leave and deals about galleass, etc., 144, 146, 147.
-, queen-mother commends, 132.
-, league angry at good reception of, 145.
-, coming to Paris, 178.

-, lord Edmund, son of the above, 146.

Shenck, Shenk. See Schenck.

Sheriff, the, of Barbary, 395.

Sherley, Shearley, Sheirleye, Sherlie, Shirle, Shirley, Shurleie, Shurley, Shyrley, Anthony, captain, 398, 410:
-, dispute about Fulford's appointment to company of, 9, 30, 31.
-, signs horse captains' petition, 163.
-, money paid to, 260, 262; due by, 355.
-, company of, discharged, 263.
-, troop of:
-, at Rheinberg, 14; blockaded, 57, 93; mustered near there, 137.
-, going with Schenck, 162.
-, at Gorcum, 264; 2 of, taken for coining, 216.
-, at Utrecht [sic], 224.
-, to go with Norris, 390.

-, Sir Thomas, treasurer at wars in the Low Countries, 412:
-, letter to, 142.
-, -, referred to, 366.
-, Ortel's proposals on office of, referred to, 19.
-, Morgan asks for warrant to, for pay, 21, 346.
-, Flushing creditors go to seek payment by, 58, 278; they petition vainly, 314; money due by, for Rammekens to Merchants Adventurers, 314, 318; note by, of debts, 352–5.
-, States would settle Brielle accounts with, 68, 141, 278; creditors can get no settlement from, 314; note of debts by, 352–5.
-, has not yet paid Gilpin, 87.
-, Heigham would have lendings from, 114; has none for him, 177.
-, estimate of imprests by, 128–9; declaration by, of money needed, 343.
-, Cox wishes to settle with, 132.
-, money sent to Ostend by, 141; to go to Flushing with Ostend pay, 168, 170, 190; to answer complaints, 189; Ostend asks for pay from, 238; sends lendings, 279.
-, to issue no lendings without Willoughby's warrant, 142.
-, money issued to, since 1 Feb., 1587, 170; has no money left, 177; cannot pay cavalry sent to Schenck, 207.
-, to deal with States about Bergen magazine, 179, 193; also about others, 241.
-, note of suitors to, for payment, 195; money due to Burgh by, 199, 258; money due in 1586–7 by, 222; bills on, referred to, 243; answers of, to Burghley on money due, 274–7; bills entered with, 407–9; note of money due by, 411.
-, Russel asks, for lendings at old rate, 199.
-, presence needed in Netherlands, 220; detained in England to perfect accounts, 250; this prevents closing accounts with States, 283.
-, money paid by, 1586–8, 260–3.
-, should have money available besides that for lendings, etc., 274, 373; is to avoid delays of exchange, 292, 311.
-, to pay imprests to commissaries resident, 280, 298.
-, States deny debts to, 312; they complain that not informed of payments by, 334.
-, warrants to pay army's lendings to, 323, 377.
-, agreement between merchants and, to send lendings, etc., by exchange, 326–7.
-, to pay companies taken over by Norris, 336.
-, to answer Ortel's articles, 338; answer of, 367.
-, Errington would settle with, 344.
-, questions about accounts of, 357–8; notes of names in accounts of, 409–10.
-, W. Morgan takes bill to, 390.
-, horse captains' protest at fees of, answered, 413.
-, son of, 366.
-, deputies of, will not settle with Brune, 30. See also Kennell, Christopher; Lecester, George; Mole.
-, pay of, 291; money paid to, 260, 261, 262.
-, company of, at Flushing, 30, 137, 263, 273; at Bergen, 291; men from, sent to England, 132.
-, troop of, discharged, 264.

Shinke. See Schenck.

ships:
-, States wish Queen would stay all bound for Spain, 185, 321.
-, 2 wrecked off Holland on way to Spain, 253.
-, Aragonese in Armada, 92.
-, Danish:
-, seized by English, 6, 7, 21, 87.
-, Parma would buy, 76.
-, of Emden:
-, taken over for Armada, 156, 157.
-, English:
-, Derby's, 3.
-, Danes seized by, 6, 21, 87; seized by Danes, 76; Danes allow to pass to Elbing, 76.
-, Leveson's, seized Hollanders, 21.
-, Willoughby's, 51, 55, 66, 205.
-, of Bristol, in Armada, 116.
-, interfered with ships in Elbe, 226, 227, 228.
-, Cavendish returns with one, 230.
-, taken by Dunkirkers, 298, 368, 399.
-, arrested by duke of Prussia, 309.
-, transports with Ostend new bands, 325.
-, spoiled French ship, 364.
-, Russel has set none forth, 364.

Florentine, in Armada, 115.

French:
-, seized by English, 87, 367.
-, arming at Dieppe, 108.
-, preparing to aid Nevers, 363.
-, at Calais, 399.
-, Hanseatic, etc.:
-, stayed at Lisbon, 157.
-, English will seize any bound for Spain, 227.
-, bought by Spaniards at Danzig, etc., 330.
-, Danzig ships to go, 350.
-, preparing at Hamburg for Spain, 318, 350, 390; go daily, 360.

Italian, in Armada, 92.

Levantine, 232.

Portuguese, in Armada, 92, 115.

Scottish:
-, Robert Stewart's, taken by Enkhuizen, 20, 68, 82, 221.
-, seized by English, 63.
-, 24 preparing, 221.

of United Provinces:
-, westward bound stayed, 2; also northward, to Spain, 155.
-, seized by English, 21, 148.
-, herring fleet of, 68, 91.
-, arrested by Colston, 130.
-, decay of Ostend, 212.
-, Digges hired bark, 231.
-, Geertruidenberg seizes, 234, 254, 397.
-, enemy hit, at Bergen, 246, 279.
-, Schenck will stop all on Rhine and Maas, 268, 302.
-, States stay boats for Tiel, 303.
-, enemy hope to take, at Vreeswijk, 346.

Venetian, in Armada, 116.

argosies, in Armada, 115.

Biscayans, in Armada, 92, 115, 116.

brigantine, 17.

carracks, 157, 230.

castabres, in Armada, 115.

cock boat, 104.

fly boats, 11, 156, 350, 368, 390, 399.

frigates, 393.

furlangers, 402.

galleasses, in Armada, 62, 75, 91, 92, 115, 232, 254.

galleons, in Armada, 91, 92, 115; 2 new, at Lisbon, 232.

galleys, 173; in Armada, 100, 115, 121, 127, 171; Spanish, 201, 368, 382; Parma's, 50, 82, 157; Turkish, 5, 138, 139, 200, 334.

hoys, 50, 114, 205, 254.

hulks, 140, 171, 350; in Armada, 115.

pataches, petasses, 232; in Armada, 115.

pinnaces, 3, 5, 85, 230.

topmen, 228.

urcas, 232.
-, names of. See Centurian; Cornelis Petersen; Elizabeth Jonas; Gallega; Heye; Merchant Royal; Patrona; [Rosario N.S. del]; San Felipe; [San Lorenzo]; San Martin; San Mateo; [Santa Anna]; Swallow; White Bear.
-, See also Dunkirk; England, navy of; Farnese, naval forces of; Flushing; pirates; Spain, navy of; Turkey, navy of; United Provinces, navy of.

Shirle, Shirley. See Sherley.

shoemaker. See van den Well, William.

shovels and spades, 81, 207, 228, 406.

Shult. See Schulz.

Shurleie, Shurley, Shyrley. See Sherley.

Siberia, Ziberia, 352.

Sicily, island of:
-, Turkish fleet reported off. 5.
-, tercio of, in Armada, 112.
-, Philip II demands grant from, 329.
-, few Spanish troops in, 330.

Sidney, Sidneye, Sydne, Sydney, lady Frances [née Walsingham]. widow of Sir Philip, 176, 347, 366.

-, Sir Philip, late governor of Flushing, 213, 255, 344, 362, 410; money paid to, 260.

-, Sir Robert, 222, 224, 410:
-, Roels praises, 213.
-, may succeed Russel at Flushing, 316.
-, money paid to, 260, 262; due to, 411; due by, 353, 354.
-, troop of, at Doesborgh, 137, 264; to go with Schenck, 162; not mustered by States since Oct., 1587, 229, 231, 296; to go with Norris, 390. See also Barsey, Christopher; Morris, John.

-, Thomas, 410.

Sidonia, duke of. See Perez de Guzman, Alonso.

Sigismund III, king of Poland:
-, letters from, 308, 309.
-, Pope would unite Maximilian and, against Turks, 282.
-, relations with Sweden and Russia, 79.
-, tribute of, unpaid to Tartars, who move Turks against, 139, 172; Turks threaten to attack, 281, 282.
-, Zamoiski desires league between Elizabeth and, 224; promises favour to English, 308; intercedes for English with Prussia, 309.
-, Hungarians likely to attack, 335.
-, reported dead, 398; by poison, 400.
-, sister of. See Anne.

Sigliget castle, Turks repulsed at, 336.

signet, letters under the, 168, 315; referred to, 38

-, clerks of the, 37. See also Windebank, Thomas.

signor, the grand. See Amurath III.

silk, 139.

Sille, Nicasius, pensionary of Amsterdam, States' ambassador to Denmark and Germany, 186.

Silly, Antoine de, comte de la Rochepot, de Rochepot, once chamberlain to duke of Anjou, letters from, referred to, 125.

Silva y Mendoza, Roderigo de, duke of Pastrana, Pastrano, reputed son of Philip II, leaving Low Countries for Spain, 305, 349, 351; malcontent, 308.

silver, means to keep in England, 386.

Simer. See Seymour.

Simple, —, 217.

- See also Sempill, William.

Sinan, Sinane, Pasha, Bassa, late grand vizier of Turkey, pasha of Damascus, set up against Hassan, 200; sent against Persians, 393.

Sinquer. See Schenck.

Sinzendorf, Freiherr von, Imperial, Hungarian, ambassador to Turkey, 200, 281:
-, ill-treats Protestant servants, 165.
-, presents threatening letters about fights in Hungary, 282.

Sion, Mount, 200.

Sitarte, Matthias van, 409.

Siville. See Seville.

Sixesten, Martin, 297.

Sixtus V [Felix Peretti], pope, 83, 326: arms against Turk, 5.
-, Queen protests to Parma at printing bull of, 33; Parma denies knowledge of it, 47; Queen dissatisfied by Parma's answer on, 51; bull published at Salzburg, 60.
-, pays for Spanish forces, 37, 38; grants million ducats, 61; Queen expects attack by Spain and, 52; blessed English crown sent to Parma, 112; grants 10th on Spanish clergy, 157.
-, Hohenlohe sent to urge German princes to join against, 53.
-, sends Aldobrandini to Poland, 79; sends 2 cardinals, 282.
-, sends cardinal's hat to legate in France, 121.
-, Ste. Aldegonde writes commentary on bull of, 267, 268.
-, Parma sends English rebels to, 273.
-, will seek to reconcile Spain, Savoy, and France, 393, 396.

Skele, Christian, of Fusingor, 80.

Skenck, Skencke, Skenke, Skinck, Skincke. See Schenck.

Skram, George, of Tiele, 80.

Skydmore. See Scudamore.

Sleswycke. See Schleswig.

Sluys, Sluce, Slues, Sluis [Zeeland, Netherlands], 170:
-, galley built at, 82.
-, Parma's forces going towards, 177.
-, siege of, referred to, 183, 244, 247, 265, 267, 345.
-, raid by Spaniards from, 215.
-, no ships equipping at, 330.
-, could be easily blocked up, 407.

Smyth, Smythe, Abraham, merchant, of Middelburg, 408, 412.

-, Henry, Bannister's lieutenant, 194; money due to, 408.

-, Robert, musketeer in Burgh's company, 194.

-, captain, company of, at Bergen, 291.

Snoy. See Sonoy.

Snydder, William, captain, 149.

Soete, Joos de, heer van, marshal, Villiers, Vellers, Viliers:
-, Maurice wholly led by, 82.
-, visits Bergen, 210.
-, persuades Morgan to accept Willoughby's terms, 211.
-, in Tholen, 216.
-, to go with Mörs for Wachtendonk, 371.
-, Willoughby, etc., confer with about Wachtendonk, 374.

Soissons, count of. See Bourbon, Charles de.

Solimon. See Solyman.

Solms, Solmes, George Everard, count of, at Bergen, 210; persuades Morgan to accept Willoughby's terms, 211.

-, Adolf von, count of Mörs, Meurs, Moeurs, Mures, and of Neuwenar, Newenar, Newnar, Nieuwenaer, Nuenar, Nyenar, Nyeunar, governor of Gelderland, Utrecht, and Overijsel, 155:
-, letters from, 109, 157, 164, 165, 237, 304.
-, -, referred to, 109, 245, 383.
-, letters to, 217, 268, 383.
-, -, referred to, 245, 317, 400.
-, hears of peasant rising, 2; crushes it, 19, 43.
-, fears attempt on Queen, 41.
-, seeks to settle Utrecht, 43; detained by new disputes, 68; makes agreement, 109.
-, asks Queen to hear him on Utrecht affairs, 157, 164.
-, Queen asks, to get Deventer reelected, 181, 182.
-, raids towards Wesel, 185.
-, knew nothing of Utrecht alteration, 225; engineered it, 247, 349; Deventer plotted against, 253; Deventer's defence, 317.
-, Killigrew could not reconcile Deventer and, 233, 234; but reconciled Cleerhagen and, 348.
-, still loyal to Queen and religion, 245, 290.
-, Norris to deal with, for Deventer, etc., 248; writes to Queen thereof, 304; ignores Queen's requests, 316; Queen requires, to stay the case, 383.
-, act of Utrecht magistrates and, 254; referred to, 257.
-, Council of State's deputies' proceedings with, 257, 269, 270.
-, needs men and means, 303.
-, seeks to settle Utrecht to his liking, 322; desires removal of English troops, 342.
-, to reduce Vijgh's sconce, 370; collects forces, 371; goes to Gelderland, 387; 2 Councillors with, 388; gone to Arnhem, 400.
-, Willoughby discusses relief of Wachtendonk with, 374.
-, had secret dealings with Parma, 381.

-, Walburga, countess of Mörs and Neuwenar, wife of Adolf, 400; letter from, 378; letter to, referred to, 378.

Solomon, 93.

Solorzano, John Gonzales de, captain, 321.

Solyman, Solimon, the Magnificent, sultan of Turkey, 139.

Somerset House, London, paper dated at, 323.

Sonderborg, Sunderburg [Alsen, Denmark], 404.

Sonoy, Senoy, Snoy, Dietrich, colonel, governor of N. Holland, 268, 361:
-, Willoughby recommends for service in England, 8, 9.
-, States not likely to satisfy, 9; Maurice earnest for, 45; will resign government, 60; States' debts to, 207; Willoughby mediated agreement, 300.
-, redress granted to, against Medemblik, 70.
-, desires audience with Queen, 208; going to England, 250, 269; will probably live there, 267.
-, to serve in suggested Flemish enterprise, 217.
-, Russel commends, 252.
-, agent of. See Mostaert, William.

Sophia, Sophie, queen-mother of Denmark, daughter of Ulrich of Mecklenburg:
-, letter from, 113.
-, letter to, referred to, 75.
-, Rogers condoles with, 75; he is entertained by, 76.
-, children of, 404.
-, dower lands of, 78.

Sotherman. See Suderman.

Soubourg [Zeeland, Netherlands], letter dated at, 382.

Sound, the [Denmark], dues, 310.

Sous, Souse, Henrick van, 355, 408.

Southampton, Hampton [co. Southampton], 88.

Southwark, Sowthwark [co. Surrey], attack on Châteauneuf's men in, 22–4, 64; Turks play in, 23.

Soyssons, count of. See Bourbon, Charles de.

spahis, 173.

Spain, Espaene, Spaene, Spaenyie, 15, 25, 32, 52, 270, 396:
-, jubilee set forth in, 2.
-, ship and pinnace leave Flanders for, 3; pinnace comes to Dunkirk from, 172; Dunkirk ships going to, 228, 365, 368, 399; taking troops, 403.
-, rumour of Moorish rising in, 5; Moors in, would rise if Turks came, 102.
-, preparations in, 12, 74.
-, articles of peace intercepted on way to, 28–9.
-, Parma gets post from, 36.
-, Mendoça has courier from, 64.
-, news from, 65, 156, 330, 400.
-, Parma gets commission to treat from, 73.
-, Queen required cessation covering, 73; refused, 96; waived, 74.
-, Ranzau in, 78.
-, E. Norris urges invasion of, 85.
-, Danish ship seized on way from, 87.
-, Armada to take English women to, 92.
-, Mendoça sends 4 couriers to, 100.
-, note of Valdes' papers left in, 107.
-, Queen hopes few of Armada will return to, 133.
-, Hogia favours Turkish attack on, 138.
-, States forbid ships to go round northward to, 155; wish Queen to forbid trade with, 185; except by licence, 215.
-, Pope grants 10th on clergy for Armada, 157; their ready giving, 311.
-, England dependent on cloth market in, 171.
-, ransomed Armada prisoners to go to, 214.
-, plan to cut Parma's sea communications with, 216.
-, Queen warns Hanse against trade to, 227; Hanse trade around Scotland to, 310, 350; 30 ships going to, 318; Hamburg sends guns and powder to, 360; and corn, 390, 404; Welsers ask licence to trade to, 369.
-, Armada's return to, 232.
-, corn ships wrecked on way to, 263.
-, restraint of traffic to, 283; should be restrained, 321; Bodley to get States to stay trade to, 324, 325, 356.
-, proposal Figliazzi should go to, via England, 295.
-, Parma to send men to, 305; to send 10,000, 311; Parma sends men to, 364, 365, 370, 396; 10 regiments, 312; 8 regiments, 329.
-, nobles leave Low Countries for, 305, 308, 349, 351, 382, 403.
-, Parma going to, 320.
-, States glad Queen will attack, 339; Queen free to attack now, 394; the journey of, referred to, 402.
-, no danger from, next year, 395.
-, Parma's creditors to be paid in, 398.
-, lack of corn in, 399.
-, preparations in, 401.
-, cortes, parliament, of, 382.
-, council of state of, 4.
-, king of. See Philip II.

-, navy, fleet, 'army,' of, the Armada, Armado, 162, 253, 338:
-, Parma hears has left Lisbon for Scotland, 1; Scottish plans of, fail, 8, 11, 19, 25, 28; said to be off Scotland, 85.
-, gone to Coruña, 4; spoken with there by Bretons, 28.
-, Mendoça says returned, 5.
-, 6 to 1 against sailing of, offered in Paris, 5.
-, dispersed [by storm], 6; driven back to Coruña, 15; said to be dispersed through plague, 18; reported gone back, 25, 54, 58; cannot sail again this year, 62.
-, League said to pay for, 7.
-, Zeeland fears, 8.
-, store ships ready in Spain, 12.
-, reported near England, 13; some of, off Channel Isles, 69.
-, Stafford lacks news of, 13; important that he should have news of, 99, 108.
-, Parma cannot cross without, 35, 37, 196.
-, is in Galicia, 36.
-, Cobham sends relation of, 38.
-, preparation of, makes Queen doubt Parma's sincerity in treating, 52; treaty revived when hopes of, fade, 84.
-, Pope grants million ducats for, 61.
-, at Coruña, but will sail again at once, 64, 65.
-, Gilpin sends news of, 67.
-, Sidonia's dispositions in channel, 75.
-, off English coast, 81; English engage, 85; Domis' account of Gravelines, 91; Brielle sailor's account of Channel fighting, 92; Dieppe news of Channel fighting, 100; mariners' report of actions against and losses of, 104: deposition of deserter thereon, mentioned, 111; 3 sunk off Flemish coast, 111, 112; report of Gravelines' action, referred to, 140.
-, States' preparations against, 89, 92; 200,000 florins voted, 104; send ships to pursue, 111; their blockade of Parma caused defeat of, 111.
-, States doubted if English would fight, 92.
-, lists of ships in, 92, 112, 115.
-, 4 galleys wrecked, 100, 115, 127; 3 wrecked, 1 at Bayonne, 171.
-, Parma will attack States now it has failed, 103, 117, 142.
-, Gourdain will keep Calais against English and, 108.
-, Zeeland prisoners' depositions about, 111, 112, 115, 116; sent to Queen, 117, 118, 130, 140.
-, note of English in, 112, 113; two slain, 115.
-, losses of, 116, 133.
-, note of chief men in, 116; referred to, 130.
-, de Loo thinks, should not have ended treaty, 117, 151.
-, gone round Scotland, 121; attempted to land for water there, 158; false report of landing, 176.
-, Mendoça asks Henry III for aid and for guns of wrecked ships of, 121, 125; French council grants, 147.
-, Flemish celebrations of victory of, 122; victory of, reported in France, 126, 127; Madrid rejoicings for victory of, 154.
-, may return, 123, 150, 158, 160; Walsingham thinks not, 176; no news of, 184, 310; return unlikely, 193.
-, States' blockade of Parma freed English to pursue, 144; value of States' aid against, 183; Norris to thank States, 247.
-, Châteauneuf writes of rout of, 145; and Queen's fear of, 146.
-, Holland ship brought news of sailing of, 148.
-, Emden skipper's report of, and of confusion in, 156; Emden hopes and fears of, 157.
-, 60 hulks to follow with supplies, 171; off Brittany, 171; at sea, 172; 90 ready at Lisbon, 232.
-, Dunkirk ships sent after, 172.
-, States to congratulate Queen on defeat of, 184; Utrecht congratulates Queen, 207; Châteauneuf has not congratulated Queen, 221; Hanse towns congratulate Queen, 404.
-, Killigrew sends list of, 185.
-, prevented States aiding Schenck, 187.
-, Turks expect will overthrow England, 200.
-, Doria with galleys to attack Tunis, 201.
-, English gunnery ineffective against, 226.
-, anchors slipped at Calais by, at Dunkirk, 228.
-, off W. Irish coast, 230.
-, Spaniards say lost, 30, 231; about 40 return to Spain, 232; news of losses of, printed at Hague, 266; 50 returned, 281; those returned need long refit, 399; two-thirds returned, 400; 64 returned, and crews die, 401.
-, Sidonia sent Leon to tell Parma of arrival, 305.
-, Ortel got powder in Netherlands against, 306.
-, Parma blames Sidonia about, 313.
-, king will replace, 329; to be ready next year, 330; Parma to command, 349, 399; League's hopes of, 363; galleys to be used, 382; 52 sail bought from Italy, 401.
-, English Catholics failed to aid, 360.
-, rewards for taking prisoners for galleys, 368.
-, no talk of setting out new fleet this year, 395, 399.
-, prisoners from:
-, interned in Holland and Zeeland towns, 155; plan to make work, at Middelburg, 159.
-, Tomson sent to deal with Parma for ransom of those in England; instructions, 214; Parma's answer, 321; Tomson at Oorderen about, 350; Parma sends Lerma to deal about, 396.
-, admiral of. See Perez de Guzman, Alonso.
-, vice-admiral of. See Valdes, Don Pedro de.
-, general of the galleys. See Medrano, Don Diego.
-, See also England; Farnese; Gallega; Patrona Zuñiga; [Rosario, N.S. del]; San Felipe; [San Lorenzo]; San Martin; San Mateo; [Santa Ana]; ships; United Provinces.

-, secretary of state of. See Idiaques, Don Juan d'.

Spaniards, 7, 26, 251, 259, 273, 339:
-, with Parma, 8; mustered, 15, 35, 36; embarked, 97; jealous of Walloons, 158; angry with him, 172; out of favour with him, 349.
-, Placin abused as a, 23.
-, Croft denies that Parma's commissioners are, 46.
-, Queen demands removal of, from Low Countries, 71, 94–7.
-, blame Parma for Armada's failure, 98, 103, 146, 153.
-, not now hated so bitterly in United Provinces, 135.
-, 6000 in Béarn, 147.
-, were bent on war, 196.
-, one shoots at de Loo, 198.
-, 16 hanged at Rotterdam, 215.
-, at Dunkirk say Sidonia prisoner, 232.
-, prisoners at Bergen, 264; many slain there, 271.
-, some join wild Irish, 305.
-, many leaving Netherlands, 308.
-, Parma to send to Spain, 311.
-, Parma sending 2 regiments to Ireland, 320.

Sparrowehawke, John, 411.

Spencer, Richard, 71.

Spiernicx, Cornelis, merchant, of Holland, 148.

spies, a woman, 1; Menninck directed Parma's, 362.

Spinelli, Carlo, Chimay's master of the camp, letter from, 233.

Spirnich, Jacques, letter from, 319.

Spitterup [Denmark], 80.

Spritewell, Sprytwell, John, master of posts at Dover, 14, 70.

Stade, Staden, Staed, Staede, Stoade, Stoades, Stode, Stood [Hanover, Germany]:
-, letters and papers dated at, 310, 348, 352, 360.
-, -, referred to, 350.
-, English merchants at, 58; terms for their transference to Hamburg, 227.
-, plenty of gunpowder at, 82.
-, English ships return from, 90.
-, Hamburg should complain of, to lawful judges, 228.
-, news from, 310.
-, plan to enlarge, 310.
-, exchange rates on London, 384–6.
-, Harborne at, 404.
-, deputy governor of Merchants Adventurers at. See Pecok, Robert.

Stafferton, Reginald, 293.

Stafford, Sir Edward, English ambassador to France, 179, 193:
-, letters from, 4, 12, 61, 64, 85, 86, 89, 98, 99, 107, 110, 120, 121, 122, 123, 131, 144, 152, 178, 332.
-, -, referred to, 126, 127.
-, letters to, 124, 146.
-, -, referred to, 128, 332.
-, sends Spanish news from his 'cold friend,' 12; friend of, often confers with Mendoça, 64.
-, French marvel he has no news of Armada, 13; lacks news from England, 64; desires frequent news, 99, 108, 123; is asked hourly for news, 145.
-, news from, 13.
-, evidence about Placin may be sent to, 23, 24; makes no complaint of attacks on his men, 24; deals with Villeroy about Placin, 86, 98.
-, expects no immediate alteration in France, 62; expects great change if Armada beaten, 90, 99.
-, may go to king at Blois, 62.
-, hears Armada fought with, 85; contradicts Mendoça's reports about, 100; prints news of defeat, 121.
-, unnamed friends of, about king, 98, 99, 100, 123, 125, 126.
-, king praises Lilly to, 107.
-, puzzled at Villeroy's resignation, 120.
-, Navarre's agent friendly with, 120.
-, recommends Moffet, 122.
-, Walsingham sent money to, 123.
-, puts out 'biting words' in Lilly's letter, 123.
-, unable to prevent granting of Mendoça's demand for galleass, 144.
-, should not seem too glad of Guise's death, 395.
-, Powrie spoke with, 400.
-, servants of. See George; Lilly, William.
-, wife of. See Sheffield, lady Douglas.

[? Standen, Anthony], A.B., letter from, 295.

Stanley, Standlaye, Standley, Standly, Stanlie, Stayndely, Sir Edward, 410.

-, Henry, 4th earl of Derby, peace commissioner, 26, 117:
-, letters from, 3, 4, 6, 12, 14, 38, 97.
-, letter to, 15.
-, letter signed by, 142.
-, sends Hodgson's report, 3.
-, complains of Croft and de Loo, 3.
-, confers with Cobham on sending Dale to Parma, 10.
-, sends Carlo's offer of service, 12, 14.
-, forwards Dale's letters, 14.
-, Willoughby sent one to, 27.
-, only he and Cobham knew why Dale went to Parma, 32.
-, was ill, 95.
-, asks news of Queen's navy, 97.
-, de Loo sending Parma's portrait to, 151.
-, servants of, 12. See also Doughty, Michael.
-, ship of, 3; master of. See Hodgson, Richard.

-, Sir William:
-, embarked, 97.
-, Grimston to be paid as others under, 258.
-, before Bergen: has intelligencers in England, 306.
-, gone into Flanders, 320, 351.
-, goes to Spain, 349.
-, coming towards Ostend, 365.
-, at Antwerp preparing for Spain, etc., 366, 370.
-, dispute over pay of, 398.
-, regiment, company, of:
-, mustered, 15, 35, 36.
-, at Borgherout, 346.
-, goes to Spain, 349; or Ireland, 364, 365.
-, gone into Flanders, 351; near Ostend, 365; goes to Dunkirk, 403.
-, deserters from, unpunished by Queen, 191; 4 desert, 216, 267.
-, See also Eaton, James; Flud, Edward.

Stapers, Richard, 367.

Starch. See Sterch.

Star Chamber, Hatton and Burghley's speeches at, mentioned, 69.

States General. See France; Low Countries; United Provinces.

statutes, referred to, 385, 386.

Statyn. See Stettin.

Stavoren, Staueren [Friesland, Netherlands], 331.

Stayndely. See Stanley.

Steades, Steeds. See Hanse Towns.

Steenbergen, Steenberghen, Steeneberghen [N. Brabant, Netherlands], 216; States forbid trade to, 234, 254.

Stel, Barent, Bernstel, 225.

Stene, Paul van, 352.

Stephen Bathori, king of Poland, 308; Hanse complained to, against English, 38.

Sterch, Starch, Henrik, treasurer of Brabant, Menninck's relations with, 331, 332.

Stettin, Statyn [Pomerania, Germany], Harborne at, 404.

steward, the lord. See Dudley, Robert.

Stewart, Steward, Stewarte, Stewert, Stuard, Stuart, Stuwardt, Andrew, captain, 286.

-, the late James, captain, 286.

- Robert, earl, lord of Orkney, Orckneie, ship of, seized at Enkhuisen, 20; crew to die as pirates, 68; king demands restitution, 221.

-, Sir William, colonel, lord, commendator of Pittenweem:
-, States send Voocht to Queen about reprisals of, 198, 221, 222.
-, Gilpin's views about claims of, 244.
-, States' articles against claims of, 286; debts claimed by, 286.
-, Voocht urges Queen to get reprisals stayed, 289; Queen's reply to States about, 372.

Stickhausen, Stickhusen [E. Friesland, Germany], 156.

Stoade, Stoades. See Stade.

Stock, Frederick, of Hamburg, 228.

Stockes, Stoockes, Thomas, merchant, of London, 305, 350.

Stode, Stood. See Stade.

Stoffelsz., Jacop, captain, 149.

Story, —, 409.

Strangways, Strangewitz, Melchior, captain, seized Danish ship, 87.

straw, 134.

Strick, Jan van, secretary to States of Utrecht, letters signed by, 86, 164, 165, 207; need to get restored, 290.

Strin, George, letter from, 336.

Stuard, Stuart. See Stewart.

Stubbe, Stubbes, Stubbs, John, 'scaeva,' Willoughby's cousin:
-, letters from, 89, 134.
-, -, referred to, 178.
-, came to Netherlands with lady Willoughby, 68, 70.
-, at Geertruidenberg, 89.
-, returning to England, 148.
-, Willoughby recommends for controllership of checks, 150, 163.

Stucklick, Leonard, 408.

Stukely, Sir Thomas, 415.

Stuwardt. See Stewart.

Style, John, of lord Burgh's company, 194.

Suderman, Sotherman, Sudderman, Sudermann, William, captain, 410:
-, worthy of favour, 41.
-, sends Russel news of Parma's forces, 48.
-, pay of, 131; money paid to, 263; due to, 411.
-, company of, at Ostend, 132, 137, 141, 175, 264; to go with Norris, 391; sergeant of, captured, 365.

Sueur, Seur, Stephen le, Châteauneuf's secretary, complains of assault on Placin, 64, 98.

sugar, 148, 378.

Suige, Thomas, 258.

sulphur, 81.

Sunderburg. See Sonderborg.

surgeons. See under doctors.

Sussex, earl of. See Ratcliffe, Henry.

Sutphen. See Zutphen.

Suwers, Simon, Portuguese merchant, 390.

Swallow, ship of London, John Auxborne, master, 143.

Swan, Henry, captain, 410.

Sweden, plague in, 79.

-, king of. See John.

Switzerland and the Swiss, 54.
-, Casimir sends troops to Sedan, 58.
-, Parma raising men on borders of, 370.
-, general assembly of cantons at Baden, 400.

Swoll. See Zwolle.

Swynerton, Richard, 408.

Swynlerst, Peter, clerk of lord Burgh's company, 315.

Sybrantsz., Jacop, captain, 149.

Sydne, Sydney. See Sidney.

Symaie, Syme. See Croy, Charles de.

Symonsz., Yemant, captain, 149.



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