Paper endorsed by Burghley "12 July, 1586. A rate of the
defray of 35,000l. sent over by warrant from her Majesty."
1 p. [Ibid. IX. 18.]
"Payments out of the Receipt to divers persons for the service
of her Highness in the Low Countries" : viz :—
To Hugh Overende, agent for Sir William Stanley, towards the
charges of a thousand soldiers brought out of Ireland, 648l. 6s.
To the Lady Malby for money delivered to the treasurer in
Ireland for the said Sir William, 100l.
To Oliver Rowe, for the same, 60l.
To Thomas Lynence of Chester for victual in transportation
of the said soldiers, 351l. 14s.
To Lord Audley, Edmund Cury, Symon Digbie, Michael
Harecourt, and John Reynes, "in prest for transport of soldiers" ;
[sums from 100l. to 300l.] Total 900l.
To William Bonde, treasurer to the Merchants Adventurers, for
so much delivered at Middelburg to Robt. Chulmeley, servant
to the Earl of Leicester, 5000l.
To the merchants hereafter named for money taken up by
Richard Huddleston at usance, May 3, 1586, at Middelburg ;
viz. to Henry Purviss, William Becker, Thomas Looe, and Richard
Bowdler, total, 2000l. (23 January, 1586).
To John Tirrel of Dublin, merchant, for so much delivered to
the Treasurer of Ireland towards payment of Sir William Stanley
for transporting his band out of Ireland, 320l. (June 24, 1586).
To Capt. Edmund Bannister, imprest upon his entertainment
in Holland, 100l. (9 July).
Endd. with date. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. IX. 19.]
Another list with the same items, differently arranged. Total
6800l. plus 2420l.
Also to Henry Seckeford, keeper of the Privy Purse, by the
hands of Richard Davis his servant, in prest, 400l.
Endd. And by Burghley "VIm, VIIIc." 1 p. [Holland IX. 20.]
Commission from the Earl of Leicester to his dear brother
in law Sir William "Knowells," esquire, governor of Ostend, in
consideration of his virtues and valour, prudence and diligence, to
arm and furnish a ship of war (of what greatness he will) and also
a pinnace or shallop, with full power to appoint as captain some
man of valour and experimented in feats of wars by sea ; who
therewith may put to sea wherever he will, for the purpose of
endommaging the enemy or their aiders, and to do all that a
loyal captain ought for the service of her Majesty and the Low
Countries. He is not to molest any of her or their subjects,
but to endeavour wholly for their defence and for the annoyance
of the enemy. With writ of assistance.—Bargues, 12 July, 1586.
Endd. "Copy of the Earl of Leicester's placcard for Sir
William Knolles' putting to the seas a ship and a pinnace."
1 Sheet. [Ibid. IX. 21.]
Memoranda by Burghley, "touching the increase of the
companies at Flushing and the Brill." And on the dorso, list
as for a journey. Okyng ; Windsor ; Lossley (fn. 1) ; Farnham ;
Odyham ; Sir Richard Norton's ; to Wm. Neale ; to Southwyk ;
Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. IX. 22.]
CAPT. JOHN GACHILL to WALSINGHAM.
His Excellency having augmented his company "a hundred
men stronger," and given passport (pasbote) to the bearer and
another of the company to transport them hither ; he humbly
begs for his honour's passport also, that they may "the more
surer and speedier dispatch their business and be here again."—
Neerdon, 13 [July (fn. 2) ], 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Ibid. IX. 23.]
STEPHEN LE SIEUR to WALSINGHAM.
In answer to his honour's enquiries, states what he owes to his
keeper, for charges in his prison and to the tailor, besides having
certain things to "redeem" and desiring to requite the kindness
received from some in the town. Has never stood surety for
any man but joined with Brackenbury and Mr. Host for 150
guilders for one Robert Galeys, sent by them to the Earl of
Leicester to solicit their liberties. Bodenham says that he has
seen this Galeys in London, "with little appearance" of intending
to discharge his sureties. He has a brother, one Hannibal
Gamon, a goldsmith at the sign of the Horseshoe in Cheapside,
who if sent for by his honour, might do so. It is true that he has
given his word for Brackenbury's and Host's expences, or they
must have lived on four stivers a day, but does not mean to charge
his honour or his master with it. Hopes his letters sent by Dr.
Josephus Michely have been received. Mr. Bodenham has to-day
ridden towards the Prince. By his means, Le Sieur enjoys a
little more liberty. He has complained much of one Guilburt
of Dover, his honour's retainer.—Dunkirk prison, 13 July, 1586,
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Flanders I. 95.]
"A note how much money hath been paid from the beginning
in June 1585 until 14th of July, 1586."
Endorsed by Burghley "A note of the payment of 119,710l.
1 p. [Holland IX. 24.]
HUDDILSTON to [The PRIVY COUNCIL.]
Prays their "honours" for his better instruction in the Low
Countries in the following points :—
1. That the muster rolls of the bands in her Majesty's pay
may be made perfect ; the checks duly certified and thereupon
the warrants drawn in the form heretofore used. That it be
ordered that no pay be advanced (saving to the garrisons of
Flushing and Brill) until the accounts of imprests be cleared unto
April 12, according to the former warrant of the Lord General.
2. That the Council of Estate there may be urged to enter
into accounts, that her Majesty may be re-imbursed of the sums
paid to the forces which remain at their charge ; otherwise they
may grow forgetful and careless of the matter.
3. That a perfect list may be made, and signed by the Lord
General of all the Captains commanding her Majesty's forces
bothe before and since April 12, for the better direction of the
Treasurer and others when they come to account with the States.
"And whereas Col. Morgan, being one of the prest companies,
findeth himself grieved for the defalcation made for his furniture ;
and upon every pay seemeth to detain his acquittances," alleging
that their honours promised him that he should not pay for it,
"their lordships" being informed that most part was returned
as unserviceable, may it please them to certify their pleasures
Endd. "Request of the Treasurer . . . for the more speedy
perfecting of his accounts, 16 July, 1586." ¾ p. [Ibid. IX.
DR. THOS. DOYLEY to BURGHLEY.
My last, sent by Mr. Smith, lieutenant to Capt. Bourghe, were
dated June 28, "on which day Mr. Hearle came from Embden,
from his embassage, and had a great chain of gold and seven
men in liveries. The next day after, news came that our cavalry
of Gertruydenberg by an ambuscade took sixteen of Camillo
de Monte's cornet of Breda, and amongst them Captain Welsh,"
one of those who gave up Aelst.
The same day his Excellency went to Dort, on June 30 to
Bergen op Zoom and next day to Wou castle. July 3, he returned
to Dort, thence the next day to Schonhoven and the 5th
to Utrecht. During his and the Count de Moeurs' absence,
Lord North was provisional governor of Utrecht."
The 6th, came ambassadors from Embden, to assure Mr.
Hearle's negotiation. The 8th news came that Axelle, a fortified
village in Flanders was surprised by Count Maurice, Lord Willoughby,
Sir Philip Sidney, Col. Digbie &c., and that they had
pierced the dykes to drown the land of Waes.
The 9th, his Excellency went to Woerden, Leyden and so to
the Hague the same day.
"The same morning, the captains of Utrecht early imprisoned
Paul 'Buz' and Florestein ; and at the first [they] were kept
close prisoners, but now all men have access to them, and it is
thought they have acquitted themselves honestly.
"The 11th Rowland Yorke came to the court, and divers
Dutch gentlemen grudge at his being here, with such speeches :
that since Hemert, their own friend, countryman and ally was
executed for negligence and cowardice, they find it strange that
he, a stranger, 'evicted' of treason, having served against them
. . . [and] frequenting the mass with his beads, should not only
escape but be in credit.
"About this time the Lord North was made governor of
Harlingen, the strongest town of all Friseland, and because it
was too small a government, the strong castle of Staveren was
annexed to his commandment, whereby you may see how his
Excellency doth establish his kindred and favourites in the
strongest parts of the country."
The 13th Sir William Pelham came to the court and next day
made a brave show of his guard, a hundred in all, billmen, musqueteers
and horsemen gallantly furnished. "But the Dutchmen
found it strange that he should be allowed such rich guard,
and the Count Hohenlo, being lieutenant-general next to his
Excellency none ; also others said they wanted no marshal until
they were in camp."
The Prince still lies before Nuys, and having no great artillery,
attempts it rather by mining. The governor is named Clough, a
brave man. There are 1800 soldiers besides burgers and they
want neither victuals nor munition ; yet it is thought they will
shortly yield (eyld). He will next attempt Berke, which being
got, Gueldre and Wachtendonc will fall to him without force,
being environed on all sides.
Mondragon "made head against us to Axelle," but finding
us too strong, retired to Stechen. "It is thought he will block
Axelle with sconces, .... so that the Prince will never be
diverted from his other enterprises .... but keep them as in a
pen. Others say he retired to Antwerp to appease a mutiny."
"It is said here that Sir Thomas Shurley shall be Treasurer, and
that Mr. Huddleston, although he have justified himself, . . . yet
because he is not to his Excellency's appetite and humour, must
be put from it. If this course be followed and seconded out of
England you can have but slender advertisements from hence, for
no man shall dare to write anything that may displease, ....
although their meaning be never so sound to the general cause
and credit of our proceedings ; which as yet go very backward
with little reputation to our country, lying in garrison and
making no head against the enemy, (who is not above 8000 foot
and less than 2000 horse) so that he attempteth and rangeth at
his pleasure." Tomorrow his Excellency is said to be going to
the Brill.—The Hague, 16 July, 1586.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 2½ pp. [Holland IX. 26.]
THE COMPANY OF MERCHANTS ADVENTURERS to BURGHLEY.
Yesternight we received letters from our Company at Middelburg,
stating that the Earl of Leicester had appointed them to
pay 2000l. sterling to Sir Philip Sydney, and to send 8000l. to
himself in Holland. He further wills us to make ready 2000l.
more and the rest as speedily as may be, to furnish the 10,000l.
promised by us for the 10th of August. We have already taken
up by exchange 1150l. to be paid here at sight, and account that
by the next post we shall be certified of the rest to be charged
upon us here, wherefore we pray you to direct your warrant
to the officers of the Court of Exchequer to pay to this 'bringer,'
Henry Beecher, our treasurer in London, the other 10,000l. to
make up the 20,000l. which we agreed to furnish there, "for
that we suppose that all the moneys taken up for the payment
of the later 10,000l. will be charged upon us, to be here repaid at
sight of the bills."—London, 16 July, 1586.
Signed by Richard Saltonstall, governor, on behalf of the
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. IX. 27.]
Remonstrance of the States of Holland and Zeeland to his
Excellency concerning the modification of the placcard published
on April 4, 1586, on the matter of navigation, trade &c.
They reverently submit that they have always shown special
affection and loyalty to their princes and governors, and after
many vain appeals to the Spanish King for the preservation of
the State of their country were the first openly to oppose his
tyrannical government under the Duke of Alva ; to choose the
Prince of Orange as their head, and to resolve that her Majesty
should be asked to take upon her their defence. Also, they have
not been last or least in praying his Excellency to accept the
government, and therefore have just confidence that he will
interpret graciously their propositions.
It is notorious that Holland and Zeeland are charged with
four-fifths of the whole United Provinces towards the war,
although before the wars, their share was only between a sixth
and seventh part.
They are very small, containing only about 500,000 merghen, (fn. 3)
with many downs, peat, clay, sandy and barren lands ; and
bearing great charges for dykeage, and the maintenance of roads,
banks, sluices, mills etc. ; while some parts border on the frontiers,
and are in danger both from the enemy and from the excursions
of their own soldiers. So that they would hardly yield the
twentieth part of the Low Countries.
The whole wealth of their countries consists in the free seafaring
traffic and trade in all manner of merchandise ; God
having blessed them above all others with a good situation,
with convenient fair-ways, havens, rivers and waters, and further,
by the export (vertieringe) of herring and fish, and the sale of
butter, cheese &c., of all of which not the fiftieth part can be
consumed in the country, but which are greatly desired by other
countries, as being better than their own. Thus, this traffic
and merchandise are esteemed as the mines of Holland and
Zeeland, and are absolutely needful for the support of the said
countries. Their princes and protectors have always defended
the same, and when Charles V. gave over the Low Countries to
the now King of Spain, his son, he declared that their conservation
lay therein, and that if it were not maintained, their ruin must
The Prince of Orange, remembering this declaration of the
Emperor better than the King of Spain has done, by means
of this traffic remained master of the sea, and many times, by
the money so obtained, recovered what seemed to be lost. And
more than once he declared to her Majesty that it was not possible
to hinder this free traffic of merchandise in these countries
without the utter ruin of the same.
Thereby other occupations and handicrafts, together with the
rents of lands and tenements would be overthrown, and not being
able to meet the charges of the war, Holland and Zeeland must
shortly come under the power of the enemy ; or even if this were
prevented by more aid from her Majesty yet by the diversion
of sea-traffic and other trades into other countries the land
would be bereft of so many of the principal merchants, mariners
etc. that invincible harm would ensue, with great peril of tumults
among the common people.
Yet, knowing that his Excellency meant only what is best
for the country, and to shew their willingness to obey, they
suffered the publication and execution of the placcard of April 4,
trusting that her Majesty not only approved of it, but that order
had been taken that the neighbouring princes should not be
offended thereby ; and also that such a camp should have been
set up that the enemy must have forsaken the field, and so that
a happy issue of the war, or at least a lessening of the charges
thereof should have followed.
But having understood that her Majesty does not find the
said placcard to be good or practicable, much less has ordered
the execution thereof ; and that a great number of ships sail
round about by Scotland into Spain and Portugal, and back into
their neighbouring countries, whereby these countries sustain
more damage than can be estimated ; item that the English,
French, Scots and others by reason of the said placcard, fetch
their necessaries from the Eastland etc. who were wont to trade
with these countries ; also that the neighbouring princes etc.
esteem themselves much offended by the execution of the placcard,
having had their subjects' goods taken and adjudged
prize, in reprizal whereof these countries will be subject to many
arrests and other troubles, and that the said Princes will as little
suffer the execution of the same on their subjects as her Majesty
has done in respect of her own ; and thus many inconveniences
may arise from the said placcard, and also a dangerous disturbance
amongst the sea-faring men who are the chief strength of
these countries :—
The Remonstrants cannot but put the premises before his
Excellency, praying him to receive their declaration favourably,
and for the reasons therein contained, and other further points
hereunto annexed, (fn. 4) to take such order for the modification of
the placcard, that her Majesty and he himself may be served, the
liberties and prosperity, together with the state and contributions
of these countries preserved, and the inhabitants discharged
from their irrecoverable losses and molestations in other kingdoms
With notes of contents in the margin, and apostiled :—
On communication of the above to the Council of State, in
presence of his Excellency and of the deputies of the towns of
Holland and Zeeland, after ripe deliberation, it was resolved
that a placcard should be drawn up, published and put into
operation.—26 July, 1586.
Copy. Dutch. 8 Closely written pp. [Holland IX. 28.]
[Printed in Bor. bk. XXI, f 44 b.]
Further Remonstrance of the States of Holland and Zeeland
to his Excellency on certain points of the Treaty between her
Majesty and the Low Countries.
1. Stating that in the second article of the Treaty it is agreed
that the musters of the succours granted by her Majesty should
be made by commissaries of her Majesty and the States jointly ;
and that the payment of the said succours should be by her
Majesty's treasurer, with the knowledge of the commissaries
of the States, according whereunto the muster of the provisional
succours was made about ten months ago, since when there
has been no muster made in the presence of any commissary of
the States, either of horse or foot, nor any payment made to the
knowledge of any such commissary ; and praying that due
declaration of such payments may be delivered to the States'
commissary, and that as soon as possible a general muster in
presence of the States' commissaries may be made.
2. Desiring that (in accordance with articles 5 and 7) the Governors
of cautionary towns may not meddle with matters politic
and the government of the said towns, further than over the
garrisons ... The governor of the Brill and his lieutenant seem
to wish to extend their government over the river Meuse and its
shipping, whereby the inhabitants of Holland suffer greatly,
as has already been shown to your Excellency. Praying that he
will give order that the said governor and his officers may rule
themselves according to the treaty, and desist from staying or
searching any ships passing up or down the river.
[3.] By several articles of the treaty, it appears that the
meaning both of her Majesty and the States General was that the
government should remain with her governor-general and the
Council of State, and that they should dispose of the contributions
levied for maintenance of the war ; the Treasurer and
receiver-general to be appointed out of those nominated by the
States General and the warrants to be signed by the treasurer
and three of the Council of several provinces. At the instance of
yr. Excellency, the General States have nominated divers faithful
and well-qualified persons, and also at yr. pleasure have changed
their nomination ....
4. But finding that the whole form of the administration
and direction of the country's money, without knowledge or
consent of the States-General is altered and brought to a
form of finance of the which, (by reason of the unlawful course
and dealing of the former chamber of finances in these countries)
not only the persons but even the name is changed, and that the
adminstration of the money is principally at the disposition of
J. Ringout as treasurer, formerly under the commandment of
the King of Spain and his governors, as the Duke of Alva and
others, as clerk of their Finances at Brussels" [details of his
former bankruptcy &c. ; his wife with the enemy and other
reasons for supposing he will do harm to the common cause].
5. Wherefore they cannot trust the money of Holland and
Zeeland and thus the whole state of their provinces to those
placed in the Finances and therefore pray that the moneys may
be again administered by the Council of State ; or that if his Excellency
should find it serviceable for the country, that another
college should be set up, that it may be upon deliberation
and consent of the States General (who will be very glad
to pleasure him in anything the country may bear) by
trusty and qualified persons nominated by them. Or at least
that if his Excellency is unwilling to annul the present college,
that the administration of the same may remain with his Excellency
and the Council of State, according to the former agreement.
[6, 7.] That the additional imposition upon convoys may be
revoked ; that the number of officers and their great allowances
may be abridged, and :—
Lastly that for as much as in Holland and Zeeland, good warlike
discipline has always been kept, and that now many complaints
are made by villages and towns of the misrule of the soldiers,
they pray him to take order that the said good discipline may be
French translation. 8¼ pp. [Holland IX. 29.]
Rough notes of moneys by Burghley. Endorsed by him
"17 July 1586. A computation of moneys paid in the Low
1½ pp. [Ibid. IX. 30.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
"After I had written her Majesty's letters I received word,
but not from my nephew Ph[ilip] but from a ship that came out
of his company how that Graveling was in parley with him, and
you know what that means. God, I trust hath given him blessed
success, and then are we fully quit with our enemies, and her
Majesty [has] as good a place as 'Callyce'. .... There is not
a penny disbursed for that journey but of mine own purse yet."
I pray you 'friend' this honest gentleman, Mr. Sanders, who
wishes to supply Garberne's (fn. 5) place in Constantinople. I know
no fitter man and many of the merchants desire it. There
is as much good stuff and ability in him as any I know of in
England. He can give you a good account of our state here.
The Brill, 18 July.
Postscript. "Lack of money hath undone us."
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. IX. 31.]
SIR JOHN NORRIS to BURGHLEY.
Since I understand it is her Majesty's pleasure I shall remain
here, I will most willingly do her the best service I can ; yet dare
not promise any great success, "in respect of the irresolute
course of our proceedings and the little credit there is given me ;
for even as heretofore all matters concerning the government
have been precisely kept from me, because I did not allow the
violent course that was meant to be held, so now may I not be
acquainted with the deliberation or execution of the war, but
am commanded to attend upon my Lord whilst others are employed
in the field, namely in these enterprises of Flanders. I
may in no case be made privy to them, although I dare avow that
if I had been there, the effects of the service should not have been
the worse. But whence soever it proceedeth, the country is
marvellously discontented, and the towns so altered that in most
places where we have our men in garrisons we dare not take
them out lest the towns should revolt ; and by this separation of
our forces, we are like to suffer irreparable losses in the bishopric
of Cologne, in Guelderland, Overyssel and Friesland ; far greater,
I fear, than our conquest in Flanders will countervail ; where
presently some further exploit is in hand, and afterward a pretence
to assemble a camp." For my own causes, I beseech you to defer
belief of the slanderous reports given out ; "namely that of my
disgracing the older captains, for it is merely untrue ; but many
worse than those are secretly thrown out in these parts...and
nothing left undone that may be thought may hinder me."
When it pleases her Majesty to give me leave to return, I shall
not blush to give account of all my actions, and answer those that
invent against me. If till then you will continue your good
opinion of me, I shall think myself infinitely happy ......
I hear that her Majesty has appointed a repartition of the
escheated lands in Ireland to such as shall inhabit them ; and was
pleased that over and above the portion annexed to the Presidentship,
I should have some reasonable part for myself. "If the
dealing in those causes be referred to the Lord Deputy and Commissioners
in Ireland, I will cause my brother to solicit my dispatch
there," and beseech you to further him. I send you a note of
what was thought fit by the Lord Deputy both for my office and
myself, "and then the most of them granted me by custodiam
till her Majesty's further order."—The Hague, 18 July, 1586.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 2½ pp. [Holland IX. 32.]
Notes of "sums to be remembered to her Majesty by the States,"
paid for entertainment, wages &c. of officers and men, "in that
the payments exceed both her Majesty's rates."
Add. Endd. with date. 2 pp. [Ibid. IX. 33.]
Another copy of the same, with addition of a list of arms &c.,
delivered out of the Ordnance for the Earl of Leicester in January,
Add. Endd. with date. 2¼ pp. [Ibid. IX. 34.]
Memoranda by Burghley, "For defalcation of fifty men out
of the companies at Flushing and the Brill."
Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. IX. 35.]
"A reckoning of the charges for 13 months, beginning 12
December, 1585. With note of payments up to July 14, 1586.
Partly in Burghley's hand and endd. by him, "18 July 1586.
A brief account for the payment of 119,710l. in Holland."
1¼ pp. [Ibid. IX. 36.]
"Causes of increase of her Majesty's rate for her army, which
was assessed at the first by the month at 9679l. 12s. And by
the year 126,180l. 10s.
Endd. 2 pp. [Holland IX. 37.]
ELIZABETH to LEICESTER.
"Rob. I am afraid you will suppose by my wandering writings
that a 'midsummer' moon hath taken large possession of my
brains this month, but you must needs take things as they come
in my head, though order be left behind me. When I remember
your request to have a discreet and honest man that may carry
my mind and see how all goes there, I have chosen this bearer,
whom you know and have made good trial of. I have fraught
him full of my conceits of those country matters, and imparted
what way I mind to take, and what is fit for you to use. I am
sure you can credit him, and so I will be short with these few
notes. First, that Count Morice and Count Hollocke find themselves
trusted of you, esteemed of me and to be carefully regarded
if ever peace should happen, and of that assure them on my word,
that yet never deceived any. And for Norreys and other captains
that voluntarily without commandment have many years ventured
their lives and won our nation honour and themselves
fame, [that they] be not discouraged by any means, neither by
new come men nor by old trained soldiers elsewhere. If
there be fault in using of soldiers or making of profit by
them, let them hear of it without open shame, and doubt
not but I will well chasten them therefor. It frets me not a
little that the poor soldier that hourly ventures life should want
their due, that well deserve rather reward : and look in whom the
fault may duly be proved, let them smart therefor. And if the
Treasurer be found untrue or negligent, according to desert
he shall be used ; though you know my old wont, that love not
to discharge from office without desert ; God forbid. I pray
you let this bearer know what may be learned herein ; and for
this treasure I have joined Sir Tho. Shirley to see all this money
discharged in due sort, where it needeth and behoveth. Now
will I end, that do imagine I talk still with you, and therefore
lothly say farewell, ô ô [i.e. two eyes], though ever I pray God
bless you from all harm and save you from all foes, with my
million and legion of thanks for all your pains and cares. As you
know, ever the same. E.R.
"Let Wilkes see that he is acceptable to you.
"If anything there be that W[ilkes] shall desire answer of,
be such as you would have but me to know, write it to myself.
You know I can keep both others' counsel and mine own. Mistrust
not that anything you would have kept shall be disclosed
by me ; for although this bearer ask many things, yet may you
answer him such as you shall think meet, and write to me the
Endd. "19 July, 1586. Copy of her Majesty's letter sent by
W[ilkes] to the E. of Leicester..." 1¼ pp. [Ibid. IX. 38.]
"Docquet of the parcels of Mr. Wilkes' dispatch 20 July,
A letter to the Earl of Leicester from the Queen, written by
Letters from her Majesty to Count [Maurice] of Nassau ;
Count Hollock and the Council of State.
Copies of the above three letters.
Copy of the Prince of Parma's letter to her Majesty, and of
hers to the Prince.
Copy of "the Contract."
The Earl of Leicester's placard against traffic with the enemy,
"coated in the margin by the French K[ing's] ministers."
Exceptions taken by the French King ag[ainst] the said placard.
Endd. ¾ p. [Holland IX. 39.]
LEICESTER to BURGHLEY.
The Merchants Adventurers at Middelborowe wrote that they
had order from their superiors in London to deliver me 10,000l.,
and 10,000l. more on Aug. 10. "The necessity is so great, and
the poor men so long behind unpaid, as this 10,000l. will not
redeem them out of their garrisons to go to any service ; so that
between this little payment...and the hard payments of the
States, all sorts are wholly discouraged and discontented, and
the most to do in this work to keep them from open and most
dangerous mutiny and revolt. Insomuch as divers Englishmen
already are gone to the enemy. And that which is most to my
grief of all, I am not able to draw any force, either horse or footmen,
to the field." I had ordained 4000 men to go to the relief
of Neuss, but was forced to leave it, not having one penny to
set them forth. I had resolved also to send both horse and foot
into Brabant to spoil the harvest about Breda and 'Bolduke,'
defended only by five or six hundred horse and a thousand foot,
but not able to do it. These States are strangely altered within
these six weeks. There is matter brewing, but they dare not
disclose it, for the people are greatly affected to her Majesty, and
so are divers towns, whereof Utrecht and "Dordryte" are the
chiefest, My credit is not a little touched for "Seburo" whom
I made earnest suit for, to be sent to me for the release of the
son of M. de Meux, the principal ruler of Dordryte and that
province, a gentleman of great credit and most affected to her
Majesty, but who now begins to doubt. "I had rather lose a
thousand pounds myself than he should be disappointed. The
man you may well spare, and a lewd person, and by your favour
to this gentleman, her Majesty shall content thousands of his
friends, having already boasted of her favour." I see many
things to make me fear some deep practice, and would that some
man of credit were sent from her to receive further knowledge
of many things. There be some who cease not "to discourage
men daily here from her Majesty. Paul Buys was the chiefest
but he is restrained by those of Utrycht, and I will not be hasty
to release him till matters be thoroughly examined, for I think he
will be found faulty enough. He hath played parts most lewd
and audacious. You have there his agent Ortell ; it were well
he were thence. I did send twice for him, but he excuseth
himself. For my part, I will hold all things as far as my credit
shall serve. It hath been shrewdly shaken, as you know. I see
the States doubt her Majesty, and therefore loth to let their
money run out too fast." Holland and Zeeland never cared
what towns other provinces lost ; they presume too much of their
"Newce" I doubt greatly, for the enemy has great forces
there, thirty cannon, and divers mines in hand. "These people
be not to defend breaches ; they be good to keep a place where
the enemy must swim to them." We have ten thousand English
here, but unless we left divers towns a prey to the enemy, cannot
bring above four thousand to the field, and if these were not here,
we had lost twenty towns more.
This fourteen days we have been preparing what forces we are
able, but can get neither money nor munition, except your
10,000l. ; which I dare not pay a penny of yet, there is so much
due, and the others can receive nothing, which would make them
fall to great disorder. I fear you there conceive not our case, or
it would be better remembered and handled. It will be harder
than you imagine to bring this State into the state it was three
months past, and will require full and speedy countenance from
her Majesty to keep it from the enemy. Though these fellows
be counted dullards and drunkards, "they have shrewd and
subtle heads as ever I found anywhere and as suspicious." The
best man in England were not too good to be employed hither, to
encourage them and to understand their estate more sensibly
than our letters can show it. Besides, my poor self hoped to
have found more encouragement than I have done. "I trust
I have not failed in duty, good-will nor diligence. If I cannot
have the means to further this service, I must lay the blame
where it is ; as well there as here.
"I have been at Brill, a place (without flattery) as well used
and the soldiers in as good order as ever I saw. There is one
want which we here cannot supply, and that is ordnance. It is
her Majesty's town, and she must defend it as her gage." Ten
brass pieces must be sent, and decays in the town helped.
"Your son is here with me, and we will to some service" as
soon as I can bring men together. Our misery is the greater
that we cannot borrow any great sum of money. I know not
what I have scribbled for I am in great haste.—20 July.
Holograph. Add. Endd. by Burghley. 4 pp. [Holland IX. 40.]
[On the covering sheet, in a later hand :—]
Mr. Secretary Wilson's letters from 74 till 77.
Mr. Sec. Walsingham's letters from 71 till 86.
Sir Ed. Stafford from Paris, from 84 till 88.
Copy of "the Earl of Leicester's demands for her Majesty's
service in Holland &c." [See below.]
Endd. with date. 1½ pp. [Holland IX. 41.]
Answer of the States of Holland and Zeeland to the propositions
of his Excellency of July 24, 1587 [sic]. Exhibited to the Council
of his Excellency by deputies of the States of Holland, viz : the
Sieur de Mattenes Menyn ; Adrian van Berckenrode ; Dr. Boyemer,
and Roelsens, pensionary of Middelburg. "Actum in la Haye,
the penultimate de July, 1586." [The following headings given
in Dutch in the margin.]
Hopes of the States of Holland ; of what sort.
Lessening of the charges of the war ; how much consented to.
Excuse of the States concerning extraordinary charges.
Consent to 400,000 gulden.
Agreement of the States.
The 300,000 [sic] gulden ; for what intended.
Furnishing of 150,000 gulden ; how and when.
Those of Utrecht and Friesland to join in the contributions.
Distribution of the contributions.
Consent to the cession of the impost on cloths.
Request of the States concerning the 100,000 gulden wherewith
the general means are burdened.
Difference between Holland and Zeeland concerning the sharing
in common (gemeinschap) of the general means.
Copy. Dutch. 8½ pp. [Ibid. 42.]
[Printed in Bor, bk. XXI, f. 37.]