SIR PHILIP SIDNEY to WALSINGHAM.
This bearer, Richard Smyth, her Majesty's old servant, hath
my Lord of Leicester his letters directed unto you in his favour
for his suit to her Majesty, and therewithal requesteth mine,
hoping your honour will the rather help him. I beseech you
therefore the rather at my request to help him and be the good
mean for the poor man's preferment, having so long served and
now, being aged and weak, hath such need of this or such other
good mean for his relief as without it he may rest, as I hear, in
more misery than the desert of so long service requireth. I
commend him and his cause to your honour's good favour and
help, and so I humbly take my leave."—From the Camp at
Zutphen, this 22 of September, 1586. (fn. 1)
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland X. 19.]
Notes in Burghley's hand and endorsed by him with this date,
being memoranda of money spent or to be spent Aug.—Dec.,
1 p. [Ibid. 20.]
LEICESTER to BURGHLEY.
Mr. Wilkes, I think, will tell you of a motion made by the
Council of Estates to me that they might send one of the Estates
and one of the Council of Estate to her Majesty, to signify their
plain case, and to be suitors to know her further pleasure for
the continuance of her favour to them. Myself, going shortly
after into the field, I thought they had grown to some point in
the matter with Mr. Wilkes, as I since heard not from them
of it. But now some of the Estates and of the Council are sent
to me for that cause, and urge it most earnestly, so that I cannot
deny them, and I think they will be shortly with you. I find
they will agree to no further contribution to the wars than they
now yield till they see what they may assure themselves of from
her Majesty ; "and if they find not answer there according to
their hope and expectation ; viz. that her Majesty is the prince
on whom they may safely rely, God knoweth what course they
will take, either with Spain or with any other." I have signified
my own opinion in these causes both to her Majesty and the
Council, but never hearing what she resolves upon touching her
proceedings with these countries, and knowing these advices of
mine not to concur with her intention at my being here, I dare not
wade further in that course. What terms these men will stand on,
I cannot tell, "but this I know....if this support of her Majesty
had not been, they had been utterly overthrown long ere this. And
whatsoever extenuation they shall make of their ability, I persuade
myself it is far better indeed than they will make show of,
until they shall plainly see what assurance they may have of
the continuance of her Majesty's favour to them. I wish good
consideration be had beforehand of the dealing with them,
that such answer may be given them as shall be thought most
fit for her Majesty's service."—Camp before Zutphen, 23 September,
Signed. Add. Endd. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. 21.]
WILKES to SIR JOHN NORREYS.
At my return, I found in her Majesty and Mr. Secretary some
little alteration from the good opinion they had of you when
I left ; caused apparently by letters from thence, but "I had not
much to do to re-establish and settle in them both a singular
good opinion of you and your actions,....and do not find any
man on that side equal with you in her Majesty's grace, whom
she protesteth....so much to regard as she will not have your
safety hazarded for any treasure, and hath resolved to revoke
you, which I hope shall be performed speedily."
I find her inclined to return you thither after his Excellency
comes home, which she means directly, "although there is much
variety of opinion here whether it be fit to revoke him or not. Such
as desire the good of that state do hold that question affirmatively,
but such as do not love him (who are the greater number) do
maintain the negative.
"Her Majesty and her Council do greatly stagger at the excessive
charge of those wars under his Excellency's government
for the six months passed, affirming (as it is true) that the realm
of England is not able to supply the moiety of that charge ;
notwithstanding, the necessity of the defence of those countries
is so conjoined with her Majesty's own safety, as the same is
not to be abandoned" ; but what she will do, I know not.
Fourteen of the late conspirators were executed on the 20 and
21 of this month, mostly gentlemen of good houses, "and now
the lords of the Council and others are travailing about the
'attainture' of the Scottish Queen, and a new parliament is
summoned to begin the 15th of the next month, as well to
confirm the attainder as to determine on other things concerning
the realm and those Low Countries."—The Court at Windsor,
23 September, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1¼ pp. [Holland X. 22.]
LEICESTER to BURGHLEY.
It was so late ere the treasure came from England and we
were so busy preparing to go into the field, that full pay could
not be made, nor yet can, for part of the men are in the field and
part in garrisons ; the treasurer is here ; the undertreasurers
and muster-master gone to some of the garrisons. But I have
so imprested the companies that her Majesty will be no loser.
By what is done already, we conjecture that the money "will
scant serve for full pay till the beginning of July, so that since
then till now, the troops lacking pay and the most of them
being in the field, where nothing is to be had without money,
are in great want and like to be much distressed, to her Majesty's
great dishonour," unless you procure money to be sent over with
speed, for which I heartily pray.
Touching the clearing of the Treasurer's accounts, immediately
on Mr. Wylkes' coming I gave commission for their full examination
to Dr. B. Clerck, Mr. Henry Killegrewe, Mr. Digges and
one Davies of Ireland, who was the best auditor we could find
here. But as I was then going into the field, and the Treasurer
with me, and the muster-master and undertreasurer to Flushing
and Ostend, Mr. Clerck remaining with the Council at Utrecht,
and Mr. Killegrewe being employed to Deventer, 'Swoule'
and other places, nothing could be done. As soon as we are all
in one place, it shall be "gone in hand with," although with
great want of a skilled auditor. I wish it would please you to
send Auditor Hunt and some other of skill, as the cost will be
many times recompensed to her Majesty by what their skill and
industry will get her.—Camp before Zutphen,—September, 1586.
Postscript in his own hand. "Our proceedings here, God be
thanked, goeth very well forward hitherto ; only a particular
grief to myself is happened by the hurt of my dear nephew Sir
Ph. Sidney in a skirmish upon Thursday last in the morning,
with a musket shot upon his thigh three fingers above his knee ;
a very dangerous wound, the bone being broken in pieces ; but
yet he is of good comfort, and the surgeons are in good hope of
his life, if no ill accident come, as yet there is not. He slept
this last night four hours together, and did eat with good appetite
afterward. I pray God save his life, and I care not how lame
"There was at that skirmish only 150 English horse, and most
of them the best of this camp, 'unwares' to me ; but this mishap
set aside, there was not such an encounter this forty years, for
beside the horse there was but 300 footmen. The enemy 1200
horse, the whole flower of them, and 3000 footmen, all placed
and prepared aforehand ; the particularities this bearer can tell
you. These few maintained the fight two hours together ;
many of theirs killed, few of ours, none of name hurt or killed
but Philip hurt.
"The Marques del Gwasto, general of the cavalry was there ;
Captain Geo. Basto, lieutenant to the Marques ; the Count
Hanibal Gonzago killed ; with three others whose names we know
not, but they had cassocks all embroidered and laced with silver
"Capt. Geo. 'Cresier,' Captain of the Prince's guard and of
all the Albaneses, taken prisoner by my Lord Willoughby, and
overthrown by him to the ground first.
"There was too many indeed at this skirmish of the better
sort, but I was offended when I knew it but could not fetch them
back ; but since they have all so well escaped (save my dear
nephew) I would not for ten thousand pounds but they had been
there, since they have all won that honour they have ; for your
lordship never heard so desperate charges as they gave upon the
enemies, in the face of their muskets, and the noble men which
Sir John Norrice, Sir William Russell and Sir Thomas Perrott,
Sir Philip Sydney and others led still, and divers their horses
being killed stepped aside and changed their horses, and to it
again. And notwithstanding all those troops, he did not put in
one waggon, save thirty which got in in the night.
"We looked to have heard of the Prince to come forward with
his army, and to put in those carriages, but this day he hath
levied his camp, and he saith it is to fight with our 'rutters,'
who are within two days journey of us. But gone he is, and
I trust they will be safe enough from him ; if the worst fall, they
are a better match than we at this time were, for they are 2000
strong of horse and 3000 Almayns.
"These noblemen and gentlemen brought with them three
cornets [i.e. flags] of the enemy's, taken from the enemy, which
was no small dishonour to them.
Add. Endd. 3 pp. [Holland X. 23.]
SIR THOMAS SHERLEY to BURGHLEY.
Referring him to his son, the bearer for news of the late
"actions," and assuring him of his desire always to deserve his
lordship's favour.—Camp before Zutphen, 24 September, 1586.
Holograph. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. 24.]
H. KYLLYGREW to THOMAS RANDOLF.
"I received your letters from St. Peter's Hill, where I did
wish myself to congratulate with you. I am sorry I cannot
write unto you from hence of so good an end as you have made
in Scotland, for we are far off, and can see, for my part, but a
confused end of a confused state." I pray God may move the
hearts of those that may help in time.—Camp before Zutphen,
Postscript. "Commend me to Mr. Davison and desire him
to excuse my silence till we meet. Your nephew Crypps (?)
and Avery Randall do well."
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. 25.]