The MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE with his Excellency
[the EARL OF LEICESTER] to THE STATES GENERAL.
His Excellency does not doubt but that his active work amidst
the dangers which daily occur sufficiently testifies his good-will
and affection for the welfare of these countries, whereunto he
postpones all his other occasions, and has repaired hither by the
will of her Majesty, since which time, and namely since it pleased
your lordships to grant him the Governor-Generalship of these
lands, he has devoted himself to crushing the designs of the common
enemy, and if possible,—so far as it pleases God to permit
him—to free these lands ; having to this end, with great labour
and difficulty brought into the field such an army as that wherewith
he has stayed the course of the enemy's progress since the
surrender of the towns of Grave and Venlo, forcing him to quit
the siege of Berck [Rheinberg] ; taking the town of Doesburg,
and seizing Zutphen, a place of very great importance for these
countries, as is well known to all. And the raising of the said
army by his Excellency has been the more necessary, lest other
towns of importance should, through faint heartedness, fall into
the enemy's hands, and thus enable them to lodge themselves
in the heart of the yet remaining United Netherlands. Wherefore
his lordship has not failed very earnestly and often to pray your
lordships to furnish him with the means needful in this behalf ;
seeing that the ordinary contribution of 200,000 gulden a month
is not sufficient to cover the usual charges of war and to satisfy
[Further arguments and considerations as to the additional
moneys which will be needed for erecting a camp &c., &c., and
how disastrous the lack of money would prove to their designs.]
His Excellency therefore proposes that certain of the Council
of State should be sent—as on their Excellencies' behalf—without
delay to her Majesty, in order to inform her certainly of the state
of their affairs, and to pray her, in this conjuncture to assist
them with a sum of ready money, say fifty or sixty thousand
pounds sterling, upon such forms of assurance and conditions
that she may be induced to grant it to the most advantage and
least hurt of these lands. Wherein his Excellency offers you all
the help that shall be possible, with letters for the said deputies
to her Majesty and others, in hope that her Majesty being
well-informed of the whole matter will not refuse what is asked,
or forsake a work so well begun and which affects her so nearly.
And if her Majesty shows herself well disposed thereto, and shall
be assured of your Excellencies' will and resolution to persevere,
together with herself, in the defence of these countries, it will be
very necessary that you should be pleased to consent to and
grant your contributions for the war for the space of four or five
years after the expiration of the current agreement.
Moreover, seeing that the two hundred thousand gulden a
month, together with her Majesty's succours, are not enough,
your Excellencies may be pleased to increase the said contribution
to two hundred and fifty thousand gulden a month for the four
provinces of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Friesland, to remain
in the hands of his Excellency for the lessening of the quotas of
the respective provinces of Gelderland, Brabant, Flanders, Over
Issell and others, to the profit of the common cause whereby
matters shall come into better order, and certain other small
extraordinaries shall cease ; but leaving the impost upon cloth
in his Excellency's hands, to be used for the benefit of the common
And in order the better to facilitate the same, his Excellency
desires that your Excellencies, together with other means, will
be pleased to grant a reasonable impost to be paid upon wines
brought into the country ; viz : upon Dorts, Rhenish, and Spanish
two gulden ; and on French one gulden per hogshead ; to be
collected on the authority of the custom house and in such
manner as shall be found convenient. And that on the consumption
of wine to remain, which his Excellency would rather
see reduced to one half than take away the duty on what is
Upon which, his Excellency desires and expects from your
Excellencies as fruitful and speedy a resolution as is possible.
And if, thereupon, any lengthy deliberation should be needful,
he prays, that the deputies may be despatched, in order that
they may represent to her Majesty the state of affairs, while
their further resolutions and despatches may be sent after them.
For which purpose his Excellency would chose Messieurs Clerck,
Bardesen and Valcke, Counsellors of State ; hoping that they may
be pleasing to your Excellencies, or some others added to them.
Desiring very earnestly that while the negotiations with her
Majesty continue, their Excellencies will continue to consent to
the maintenance of the camp ; and will resolve upon the points
above mentioned with such expedition as the necessity of the
(fn. 1) In haste, from Utrecht, 11 October, 1586 ; the Council of State
with his Excellency, by ordinance of the same. (fn. 1)
Endorsed as above, in Dutch. 5¼ pp. [Holland X. 52.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
Has sent over the bearer, Mr. Burgrave, about these country
affairs, a man of such honesty, wisdom and good zeal in religion,
as he knows not any of the rest more sufficient every way.
Wherefore he commands him to his honour doubting not but
that he will use him in such sort as becomes a man of his quality.—
Camp before Zutphen, October 2.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland X. 53.]
"Placard of the Mint, published at Amsterdam the second
day of October, anno Domini, 1586."
This list corresponds to a great extent with that of Aug. 4
[see p. 112 above], but with some omissions and a good many
At the end, memo, by Burghley. "A gilder flemish, in English
money 7 shillings, a styver or a plack, 2d. Flemish. 10 stivers,
Endd. "Rates of coins in Zeeland." And by Burghley "2
October, 1586." 1 large sheet. [Ibid. 54.]
COUNCIL OF THE ADMIRALTY OF ZEELAND to LORD HOWARD,
High Admiral, LORD COBHAM, Warden of the Cinque Ports,
and SIR FRANCIS WALSINGHAM.
Your lordships' letters of Sept. 9 in favour of Robert Bridges
reached us on the 2nd of this month. We regret your dissatisfaction
in regard to the capture of which you advertise us, but
hope it will disappear when you know the facts, and our reasons
for confiscating the said Bridges' ship and goods.
Your complaints seem to consist of three points ; the first and
chief being that one of our captains took from the captain of
the Bull the prize which the latter had put into the hands of the
officer at Dover, and carried it out of that harbour. God forbid
that we should uphold any one who violated her Majesty's ports ;
but in this case there are circumstances which explain the act.
Bridges' own men testify that he had agreed with the captain
of the Bull, (before ever our captain met them at sea) for safe
convoy to Calais. At the first encounter, our captain demanding
of the captain of the Bull whither Bridges' ship was sailing, was
answered, to Calais ; and wishing to prevent this, in accordance
with his commission from the Earl of Leicester, the said captain
of the Bull threatened him with his cannon, so that he was
obliged to abandon the attempt. The captain of the Bull continued
his course, towing the other ship after him, but finding
that his own ship was too deep to take it in to the land, and that
ours would have attacked it at the mouth of the harbour, he
turned again towards Dover, and did not loose it till they were
on the high sea and out of danger of our captain's ship, according
to his undertaking to defend him against our ships of war. As
to the means which our captain afterwards used to retake what
the captain of the Bull had snatched from his hands—for according
to express law Celui qui se trouve intimidé de ne pouvoir
parfaire quelque chose, est estimé comme s'il l' eust parfaicte—he
found it at anchor before the entrance to Dover, (devant la tete de
Douvre) and without any violence or lack of respect to the Admiral
of England, took possession of it and carried it to Flushing.
We have had many complaints from our captains and ships
of war of like encounters and wrongs done to them by the captain
of the Bull, by taking their prizes from them ; as lately, some
ships of great importance, sailing from Spain for Calais, when he
used very unseemly words against the Earl of Leicester and his
placcards, a thing which we are sure you cannot approve, and
yet of which the truth is so evident that we have put it at length
before the Earl.
As to the point which seems to tax us with not having accepted
the exceptions made by the captain of the Bull in our court,
upon the nature and ownership of the prize ; these were grounded
upon the ship having been taken out of the port of Dover, which
had never previously been alleged by him or his solicitor, who had
only claimed that they themselves had a right to it, having thus
acknowledged us for judges "par judiciele litiscontestation en
cas de preference" against our said captain. [Further arguments
concerning the taking of the ship out of the port of Dover.]
As to the merchant, the matter having been several times
adjourned, and he himself having been present at the pleadings,
when he found himself without any sort of defence, he would
make no reply, so that the sentence upon his ship and goods was
given, as it were, in contumacem.
But even after his transgression against his Excellency's
placcards has been made apparent, yet as the moneys resulting
from the sale of the said ship and goods remain still in sequestration,
(because the cause between the captains still remains undecided
before us) although, of right, the contumacy of the said
merchant deprived him of the remedy of appeal ; out of respect
for your lordships' intercession, we are willing that Bridges
should be allowed his right to this or any other remedy he may
desire to use, which we hope will give you satisfaction, since at
the end of your letters letting fall the cause of the Queen's fiscal
you demand only the restitution to Bridges of the goods and ship
which he was taking to Calais,—although strictly forbidden
both by the ordinances of her Majesty and the placcards of his
Excellency,—wherein, if he has a clear conscience and wishes to
prove his innocence, he may have the benefit of revision, which
we give him freely.
But it may please your lordships to know that he is accused
on good evidence of habitually frequenting our enemies at
Dunkirk, having there bought this very ship which we have
condemned ; and to prove his Catholic disposition even went so
far as to carry a lighted candle before the image of that place.
As to the prisoners mentioned in your letters, there were two
hired sailors on the ship, hired by Bridges at Dunkirk and for
whose return he had given caution in two hundred livres, who
being our enemies, we did them no wrong by securing their
persons ; but afterwards exchanged them for some of ours at
Dunkirk. We pray your lordships to interpret our actions
sincerely and to weigh the ill services done by this captain against
the intentions of her Majesty ; humbly desiring that you will
forbid him to attempt the same again ; as on our side, we are
sorry that the eager pursuit of their prize by our men may have
given some occasion of offence to you ; as to which we will try
in future to prevent it from happening again.—Middelbourg,
14 October, 1586.
Signed P. Rychert ; and below Adr. Nicolai.
Add. Endd. French. 3 closely written pages. [Holland X. 55.]
Extract from the Register of the Resolutions of the States
On deliberation concerning the journey to England, those of
Holland declare that they hold it necessary that ambassadors
should be sent at once to her Majesty on behalf of the States
General in order to pray her for a good and prompt succour of
money of five or six hundred thousand pounds in augmentation
of her ordinary succours, for the maintenance of the troops, in
conformity with the charge given to their deputies sent to her in
the preceding year. And that Dr. Clerck, M. Willem Bardesens
and Jacob Valcke should be the deputies, to whom should be
given fitting procuration and instructions to promise her Majesty
the same security for this further succour as she has for her
principal aid, and therewith such bonds from the States General,
or also from one or two particular provinces as she shall be pleased
to desire ; the repayment of the said further succour to be on
the same days and terms as she was pleased to grant in relation
to the principal succours. And that touching the repayment,
the provinces shall give like letters of indemnity one to another
as was done concerning the principal sum.
And orders shall be given to the deputies that in case her
Majesty should demand bonds from particular towns, they shall
advertise the States thereof ; and shall do the like if they should
understand that she would be inclined to negotiate touching the
sovereignty, perpetual protection or any other such step ; in
order that it may be discussed and resolution taken, and afterwards
put into the charge of the aforesaid deputies.
Endd. Dutch. 1½ pp. [Ibid. 56.]
Grant by the Earl of Leicester to Sir Edward Stanley, knight,
in consideration of his good and faithful service, "but specially
for his valiant and singular prowess in the conquest of the most
strongly defended town of Zutphen" on Oct. 6, 1586, old style ;—
"where in sight of the enemies and of our army, he was the first
that gave the onset, and valiantly scaled a most dangerous
bulwark, and fought alone for a time against many enemies,
from a lower steep, craggy place, and gave occasion of a most
notable victory"—of an annuity or pension of 100 marks, or
66l. 13s. 4d. to be paid by the said Earl, his heirs, executors etc.
during the life of the said Sir Edward Stanley.
And because, being in camp, he cannot have the counsel of
skilful lawyers for making the grant in due form, he binds himself
and his heirs, at any time within the next year, upon request
of Sir Edward, to make another grant to the same effect by advice
of learned counsel, if this present one be found defective. With
power to the said Sir Edward to receive and recover the pension
out of the Earl's manors or lands in co. Gloucester, of late in the
possession of Henry, Lord Barkley or his assigns.—Camp near
the river of Issell in the Duchy of Gueldres, 8 October, 1586, old
Copy. 1⅓ pp. [Holland X. 57.]
ORTELL to DAVISON.
On behalf of John Jacobson Decker, a poor fisherman of
Enchuysen (whose cause is singularly commended by the Estates)
praying his honour "(in consideration he was miserably robbed
and spoiled at sea) to grant him such a strong letter of assistance
to a commission by him obtained out of the Admiralty of England
as his humble petition here enclosed [wanting] doth more at
large require." The other writings which his honour wishes
for are being made ready.
Signed. Add. Endd. English. 1 p. [Ibid. 58.]
Paper endorsed "Docquet of Mr. Wilkes' dispatch."
"Instructions. (fn. 2) Passport.
Letter from her Majesty to the Earl of Leicester, signifying
the sending him over to supply the place of Mr. Henry Killigrew.
The Queen's letters to Sir Thomas Shurley, to receive the
treasurer presently sent over to exercise [over supply erased] the
place of treasurer there" ; to the Estates, signifying the placing
of Thomas Wilkes in Mr. Killigrew's room, and to the Earl
concerning the treasurer presently sent over.
"Letters of compliments to the Archbishop Truchsess and
½ p. [Ibid. 59.]
ELIZABETH to LEICESTER.
Finding it expedient to employ her trusty and well-beloved
servant, Thomas Wilkes, esquire, one of the clerks of her Privy
Council, of whose loyalty and sufficiency she has had good experience,
to reside for her service in the Low Countries in place of
Henry Killigrew, now permitted to return home ;—these are to
require his lordship to signify her pleasure to the said Killigrew
and suffer him to return presently. And to give direction by
warrant for the payment to the said Wilkes of her treasure on the
allowance of forty shillings a day, beginning on the 1st of October
He is to inform the Council of State and the States General of
her purpose of the return of Killigrew and the sending of Wilkes,
that the latter may be admitted as counsellor and assistant in
their Council of State, according to the contract between herself
And whereas in July last she sent over a mass of treasure for
pay of the arrears of her garrisons and forces, she learns that the
garrisons of Flushing and Brill have received no part of it, and
are in such needy estate that they are daily "in terms to mutiny."
She greatly marvels that no better care has been had to accomplish
her directions, and having now sent over a further 30,000l., has
caused 8,000l. to be chested for full pay of these two garrisons
up to Oct. 12 ; which treasure Wilkes has orders to leave in the
hands of her Merchants Adventurers at Middelburg, until Sir
Thos. Shirley (appointed to act as treasurer at wars in the absence
of Mr. Huddilston, now upon his return into England) shall be
sent thither by his Lordship to receive it and pay the said garrisons,
wherein all convenient expedition is to be used. The remainder
is to be issued with like expedition to the rest of her troops, and
a more certain account thereof and of the rest of her treasure
lastly sent over by Huddilston to be sent to her than has been
yielded of that formerly employed, whereof she could hitherto
never (God knows by whose default) receive any just account.
Such entertainment as has been allowed to Huddilston is to be
paid in his absence to Sir Thos. Shirley, to begin from the time
when he enters into his charge.—Windsor Castle, 10 October, 1586.
Copy. 1½ pp. [Holland X. 60.]
MORGAN COLMAN to DAVISON.
Congratulating him upon his advancement and offering his
services, which, if accepted, shall be performed with secrecy,
care and travail. He now follows a master who fails not to
favour him and if his motion be accepted, will bring back with
him "his lordship's favourable allowance." The toil he is now
taking is extreme, "and yet no great contentment can be obtained."
—Camp before Zutphen, 10 October, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. Seal of arms. ½ p. [Ibid. 61.]
SIR WILLIAM STANLEY to WALSINGHAM.
Understands from a brother in law of his, out of England
that Jacques, (fn. 3) his lieutenant, whom he has loved very well in
respect that Mr. Vice-Chamberlain put him in the place and also
for "sundry good parts" found in him, is thought to be one in
the odious conspiracy against her Majesty. Is heartily sorry
and begs that any villany devised, practised or consented to by
him may not remove his honour's good opinion from himself.
Also he prays that, whereas he left the said Jacques in command
of his company in Ireland till his return, a letter may be sent from
the Lords of the Council to the Lord Deputy, that his brother
[qy. Sir George Stanley] now in that country may be his lieutenant,
with such other officers as he has directed by the bearer.—
Camp before Zutphen, 10 October, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland X. 62.]