LEICESTER to WILKES.
Desiring him to repay the English merchants at Middelburg
the sum advanced by them for payment of her Majesty's garrisons,
for which he will make allowance upon Wilkes' arrival at Utrecht.
—21 October, 1586.
Postscript in his own hand. Further directions concerning
the above matter.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland X. 76.]
LEICESTER to SECRETARY DAVISON.
Being in doubt whether Secretary Walsingham be returned
from 'Fothringaie,' and "this present matter" requiring speedy
direction, he writes to Davison only, desiring him to impart it
to Walsingham if he be returned. (fn. 1) Having no certainty save what
is written to him, he sends the letter itself. He has long used
the writer in intelligences, and has often found his advertisements
true. He abides usually at Wesel.—Utrecht, Oct. 22, 1586.
Postscript in his own hand. "I think both you and Mr.
Secretary Walsingham know this Combes who writeth to me ;
and the Italian doctor, whom I take to be a physician is either
Dr. Niphus or Dr. Michel ; the first and last are here greatly
Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. X. 77.]
LEICESTER to the PRIVY COUNCIL.
I have received your lordships' letters in behalf of William
Gittens, William Colston and other merchants of Bristow, concerning
a ship of theirs laden with corn, lately taken by the
Flushingers ; wherein I have already dealt as earnestly as I
could, and not only for them, but for others in like case. How
little my intercession in such causes may prevail with these men,
your lordships may yourselves judge by the "light account even
now of late they made of mine authority," but there shall want
no goodwill and readiness in me to relieve and pleasure any of
my poor countrymen, so far as lieth in me.—Utrecht, 22 October,
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland X. 78.]
ANDREA DE LOO to BURGHLEY.
In my letter of yesterday to her Majesty I left the date blank,
for you to fill in as you thought best ; it containing the true
substance of what I have negotiated with his Highness. You
will do me a great favour if she may see it as soon as possible ;
that, moved by compassion for the common misery, she may
apply herself to so holy and more than necessary a reconciliation ;
all here being ruined by these discords. The lamentations on
every side are so many and so bitter that it is grievous to hear
them, and it is hoped on all hands that, by her Majesty's favour,
a speedy end may be put to all these miseries. If my long stay
abroad be marvelled at, your lordship may be assured that
there was great cause for it, and that the five months is not
much which I have spent in putting right the business (completely
ruined by others) and bringing it to a better state than ever
before, by getting his Highness to stand no longer upon the
point of credit (reputation), quite contrary to the opinion of the
President and Signor Cosimo, who thought I should return as
I had come without achieving any result.
But his Highness (showing himself, like all good princes, much
more gracious than any of his ministers) being so good as to
treat with me privately, yielded in the end to his good nature,
granting to me more than I had hoped, and agreed to send me
to treat of an accord if he might be assured that her Majesty
would be willing to give ear to it, and that the person would be
welcome to her ; whereas, at my second arrival at the camp,
they would not for many days give me audience. So there now
remains only to bring her Majesty to do what good offices are
possible, and that speedily, and she may be assured that by
means of the Prince, she will obtain all that she can reasonably
desire. If she would be pleased to speak with me, I would
give her particulars of many things, having had opportunity,
during my long stay at the Camp, to discourse with one and
another (persons of account), from whom I skilfully gathered
what I could ; it being generally desired that some negotiation
should be entered into before the great fire, which is extending
on all hands, should blaze up too far ; striking the iron while it
is hot, without any mistrust of the Prince (as if he did not mean
to act honestly with her Majesty), there being shown in all his
actions a noble mind, and such sincerity that her Majesty may be
assured that by his means, matters will so go on that she cannot
but have real satisfaction ; for the Prince finding the nobles of
the Low Countries ready to lay down arms, it will be possible to
come to a blessed peace. Thus, leaving it to your wisdom to
deal with her Majesty as you shall deem fitting, I will only say
this one thing more for my discharge : that I have above all been
careful to do nothing in prejudice of your lordship, and much
less of her Majesty ; and have been able to keep secret what
others have disclosed, the way negotiations are usually spoiled
by too many taking part in them. And as to the rivalry which
yesterday evening you told me you thought there was between
Graffigna and me, there is no occasion for such a thing, as I
never have been or shall be moved by ambition or reward to
labour in this business, but only for the service I owe to God,
her Majesty and the common cause.—London, 22 October, 1586.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Italian. 1¾ pp. [Flanders I. 98.]
LEICESTER to WILKES.
Whereas her Majesty has committed to his charge 20,000l.
to be conveyed into these countries for the payment of her
garrisons of Vlissingen and Brill and the rest of her forces ; which
money he was to give into the hands of the Deputy of the Merchants
Adventurers at Middelburg, until (by direction from
himself) it was consigned to the hands of Sir Thos. Sherley, in
the absence of Richard Huddilston, supposed to be departed
towards England :—yet forasmuch as Sir Thos. Sherley has gone
into England and the Treasurer is still here ; this is to will and
require Wilkes to deliver the treasure forthwith into Huddilston's
hands ; taking from him an acquittance to be returned into her
Majesty's receipt of the Exchequer at Westminster. And this
present warrant, together with Huddilston's receipt, shall be
his sufficient discharge.—Utrecht, 23 October, 1586.
Signed. Endd. 2 pp. [Holland X. 79.]
JOHN LANGLEY to his master, SECRETARY DAVISON.
Has received 20l. for his honour's use from Capt. Wayman
who says it is to be "bestowed on two mares." Begs to know
how it is to be bestowed or transported. "Captain Wayman is
gone with his company to lie in the scance before 'Suttfen'
all this winter ; it will be a hard garrison for him."
Would write more often the news of the country, but that his
hand "is very rude ('rewd') both in writing and inditing."
Begs his honour to use him in anything he has to do in these
countries, wherein he will be ready to travail for him both night
and day ; and thanks him humbly for procuring for him the office of
a commissioner of the musters. Has but ten pounds Flemish (fn. 2)
a month, and the 'other' have ten pounds sterling, but if his
honour would write to Mr. Killigrew, is sure he would procure
him as much as the other, having shown him great favour and
kindness for his honour's sake.—"Ewttrytt," 23 October, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. X. 80.]
SIR J. NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
"I am very lothe to renew into your honour's memory the
inestimable grief you rightly suffer for the sudden loss of so rare
a son, so entirely and worthily loved of you. Yet can I not
restrain myself from giving your honour to understand in what
terms we stood before he received his hurt. As there was no
man on this side the seas that I desired to have better satisfied
of all my actions, so did I never leave till I had throughly informed
him of all my proceedings ; insomuch as he promised to
have largely advertised your honour his opinion what wrong
I had received, and had assured me to have employed himself
to the uttermost to procure me my Lord his good opinion. And
hereupon he had given and received from me a full assurance of
our continual love and friendship, by which means I find myself
as deeply interested in the loss of him as any other his dearest
friend. But since these mishaps are irrecoverable, I will speak
the less of them, and continue to beseech your honour to hold my
case in indifferent balance till I may make it thoroughly known
unto you."—Utrecht, 25 October, 1586.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland X. 81.]
EDWARD NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
".... I received your letter by my man, and therein perceived
your honour's care and good opinion of me ; which I pray God
I may be able to deserve. And yet, not without some grief,
I found therein a silent condemning of me, to be a nourisher of
faction and disagreement amongst the captains, which also I
understand had been written unto her Majesty. I will invent
no excuses, nor desire your honour to believe other than the course
of my life heretofore and hereafter to follow shall warrant, and
yet I will complain that I am drawn in suspicion of my honesty,
and driven to speak for myself ; but the worst is not much, and
untrue. If there had been anything, malice would have found
it out ; only this, I have not what I sought for, and yet am I
not ashamed. I perceive I must shortly return for some time ;
where of all I hope better to satisfy your honour."—Utrecht,
Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of arms. [Ibid. X. 82.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
Finding that your servant, Peter Povey, newly arrived "upon
the decease of that worthy gentleman Sir Philip Sydney" was
as suddenly dispatched by my lord of Leicester, I had as little
time to write to you of the state of things here as I have had
leisure to inform myself thereof. I see that my lord means to
return with all expedition into England, and for the better
settling of the government in his absence, now travails with all
earnestness in Council (whereunto I am now admitted, by her
Majesty's direction) and will, in a few days go to the Hague to
deal with the States General for the establishing of a governor
in his absence, "or rather two, one for the policy and another for
the wars. I find him affected chiefly to the Lord Marshal to
take the charge of the wars, and as I suppose will refer the chief
of a politic to the States.
"My arrival is not so grateful here as was expected, albeit
for mine own part I am not deceived therein, foreknowing these
men." Nevertheless I beseech your honour to defend my poor
credit in my absence, which I am sure "will be oppugned with
all violence at the return of his Excellency to the Court."—
Utrecht, 26 October, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1¼ pp. [Holland X. 83.]
Acquittance from Richard Huddilston to Thomas Wilkes Esq.
for 20,000l. of her Majesty's treasure, for pay of her forces and
garrisons. Signed and sealed in presence of Benedict Grove and
Symon Wyllis, on Oct. 28, in the 28th year of her Majesty's
Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. X. 84.]
HUDDILSTON to BURGHLEY.
I had long since dispatched a man to your Lordship with such
instructions as I thought needful, both for the answer of your
letter requiring an estimate, as also to solicit you for money to
pay our companies going into garrisons ; but hearing that Mr.
Wilkes was coming with money to be delivered to Sir Thos.
Shirley, I stayed my servant, supposing I should myself satisfy
you time enough, and that the speedy sending of the estimate
would be needless when the treasure was already on its way.
When I found the money was to be delivered to myself I was
sorry I had altered my purpose fearing you might condemn me
as negligent in my duty.
The money imprested by my Lord in the camp to those in the
States' pay, being about 3300l. is repaid, and disbursed again to
those in her Majesty's pay.
The 5000l. received in May from the Merchants Adventurers
by my Lord's servant, Mr. Cholmley, and charged on my receipt
as parcel of the 45,000l. is now at last brought over in account.
That paid out of the Exchequer to Sir William Stanley, Lord
Awdley and others, charged on the same is not yet repaid, but
I have defalked the 100l. delivered to Capt. Banister.
Of the money due by the States for the time of Sir John Norreys
only 300l. is repaid, "not without great charge to myself in
attendance for the same," so that if the rest is as chargeable to
come by, the Treasurer will be driven "to an extraordinary
course of petition for support of that charge."
The money disbursed to the lances hitherto "standeth only
as imprested." Sir Thos. Cecil's cornet of fifty lances is fully
paid until April 12.
I have given the Lord General by Mr. Atie a note of all moneys
to be reimboursed by the States, both for Sir John Norreys'
time and his own. How much he means to charge upon them
is uncertain, "for he told me he meant not to ask allowance of
them for many things turned over by the Auditor upon my last
declaration," as the overplus in his own entertainment, increase
of pay and sums imprested to captains and other officers &c.,
"but meant himself to deal with her Majesty for the allowance
thereof upon his coming home."
I am to go to Middelburg within three days, to pay the garrisons
thereabouts and bring away the treasure yet remaining there,
"upon the issuing whereof I mean to make my speedy return
into England, hoping then to satisfy you that I have dealt as
becometh an honest servant to her Majesty.... ; if not so profitably,
I wish it may be considered whence the want hath risen,
and so accordingly imputed."—Utrecht, 29 October, 1586.
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Holland X. 85.]
[AL. DE LA TORRE to —.]
I have received yours of Sept. 27 safely. The place appointed
of 'Boleyne' contents me for the meeting, but I find myself in
great perplexity that I have not yet received the packet from R.
I have advice that they were safely delivered at Lyons to a sure
friend, but have doubt of their delivery here, "because our folks
here take them up so fast as they can ; which are wholly instructed
of our contrary party to my great grief," and the more so as I
have seen in the hand of one in this house a packet coming that
way. I must wait in patience, and in the mean season intend to
communicate to his honour some part, though not so fully as I
would by speech, as the time draws forward, and the weight of the
affairs requires it ; and partly because the service which is to be
done is on this side most, and my absence might be harmful,
"because the contrary party hath continual waiting about me to
learn and to inquire whither and with whom I trade ; how many
times I am seen in the court, so that I have special charge not
to absent me without order.... I trust this circumspection will
be well taken of his honour." This is the principal point which
I desire to trade with his honour, and seeing no other ready way,
I desire his direction, trusting that this way of writing will be
sure, as all that deal in this delivering of letters are well-informed
for sure deliverance in mine own hands, especially if you on that
side, charge them that they may be delivered into my mother's
"The point is this ; that his honour may make this foundation
for sure : that the Prince of Parma for certain is not Spanish, but
hath a secret pretension in great colour for Portugal. Somewhat
I have felt him ; the words which were spoken between us would
greatly satisfy him, but time does not permit. About the offer
which your honour did present him in the name of her Majesty
touching Holland and Zeeland for him, I find him marvellous well
disposed, and I have the best way to have it uttered by way of
confirmation all I receive so and otherwise not." Other principal
affairs I refer to further opportunity.
Endd. "29 October, 1586. From B. deciphered." 1¾ pp.
[Flanders I. 99.]
(The passages in italics have been in cipher.)
ORTELL to BURGHLEY.
Although I see that the enclosed from M. Lipsius, late
Rector of the University of Leyden is of very old date, "by
contrary wind and weather landed at Lyestat [qy. Lowestoft]
I thought good to send it you, humbly praying you to consider
it as the cause requires, as also the enclosed "translate" written
by Counsellor Vande Niewstat, son-in-law to Mr. Paulus Buys
in the name of himself and of Mr. Buys wife, children and friends.
As all these matters seem to be practised by some ill-willers upon
sinister reports and misintelligences, as in part the States and
other persons of credit write to me, I am the bolder to pray you
to lend your helping hand, that it may please her Majesty,
according to their humble request, to write her gracious letter
in his behalf, and so bind him and his ever more to her service.
Furthermore, I am, in the Countries' behalf to pray you to
consider the few articles which I delivered to you at Windsor.
I should have come to you myself if sickness and a knowledge
of the weighty affairs with which you are charged had not hindered
me ; but will not fail to give attendance whenever it shall please
you.—London, last of October, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland X. 86.]
DR. JUSTUS LIPSIUS to BURGHLEY. (fn. 3)
Knowing his lordship to be the refuge of those oppressed by
wrong or calamity, he writes on behalf of Paul Buys, formerly
one of the deputies sent into England by the States and the
Council of State with their governor, the Earl of Leicester ; who
about two months ago was committed into close custody by
certain leaders or captains of the commons of Utrecht, as his
lordship may fully learn from the bearer of these letters. He is
still detained in prison, but neither is the cause of his arrest
declared or the way of justice opened to him ; a thing truly
neither allowed by their custom or used in any commonwealth
indifferently governed by good laws. Whether or how Buys
may have erred, he does not and cannot discuss ; but this he
knows and affirms :—That he has hitherto been an important
man in their commonwealth ; often useful in Council, certainly
averse from the French treaty and an ardent supporter of the
English one. Has often had discourse with him ; and always
(after God) he has held the main strength and support of their
safety to lie in England's very flourishing country and most wise
Queen. Nor does he now deem him to have changed his mind or
his affections ; but fears that he is pursued with false accusations
by those who endeavour rather their own than the public good.
How much his lordship's authority may do in these matters is
known by experience of the rest of their people and if he would
graciously give his aid, either with her Majesty or with their
Governor, in helping one he would bind many to him, and would
hold up the drooping hand of justice. Much is permissible in
war but not every thing, least of all to those who wish their
government to be strong.
Thus he has written to his lordship, trusting in his benignity
and humanity, especially to those who have any reputation for
learning or letters, amongst whom he professes his own name to be
but at the lowest end, while first among the most learned is that
of the great Burghley, by whose counsels they acknowledge that
great and happy kingdom to have been hitherto sustained.—
Amsterdam, on his way into Germany. ix. Cal. Octobris, [Sept.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Latin. 1¼ pp. [Holland X. 86a.]
ORTELL to WALSINGHAM.
To the same effect as the letter to Burghley, above.—London,
last of October, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. X. 87.]
ORTELL to DAVISON.
Your friendly promise and the earnest letters written me from
the States in behalf of Mr. Paulus Buys, emboldened me to send
you the enclosed "translate" of a letter written to me by Counsellor
Vande Niewstat, son-in-law of the said M. Buys, in the name
of himself and his [Buys] wife and children. As you know what
practices and false reports may do in such causes, I only desire
you most humbly (as I have done to my Lord Treasurer and
Mr. Secretary Walsingham) to move her Majesty to write in his
behalf ; the more that it is not unknown to you "what good
services he hath done and doubtless will continue to do, if he
were but once released from this misery." [Apologies as to
Walsingham].—London, last of October, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. X. 88.]
The above mentioned translation.
We pray you very affectionately to recommend our father's
affairs particularly to the Lord Treasurer M. de Walsingham and
others, that it may please her Majesty to write to those at Utrecht
to set him free, or if there are some who oppose this, to accuse
him lawfully, before competant judges. It seems that even his
Excellency is changed, by sinister persuasion and report and has
conceived an ill opinion of him, wherefore we much desire that
our father should be restored into his good graces, by means of
some on this side expressly charged by her Majesty ; as M. de
Sidney, the governor of the Brill, M. Bellam [? Pelham], M.
Clerck or others, so that our said father may be heard in his
defence, and know the reasons of his Excellency's annoyance.
Or if it pleased her to appoint someone from thence to learn the
truth, hear our father and decide the difference, we should be for
ever bound to her humble service, and to that of the lords who
should lend a helping hand therein. For we are assured that he
has never attempted or even imagined the least thing which
might tend to her Majesty's dis-service, but on the contrary, has
always sought to advance her greatness, honour and service, as
the chief of those in these countries could bear witness, who find
themselves extremely aggrieved that certain malignants should
so far forget themselves as to prevent her Majesty from having
entire knowledge and redress of these outrages. Wherefore we
once more pray you to exert yourself effectually with these lords
and others whom you may think fitting, that we may escape from
this miserable labyrinth, and our father be restored to his former
Fr. 1¼ pp. [Holland X. 88a.]
CAPTAIN NICHOLAS ERRINGTON to WALSINGHAM.
I know your honour has the occurrences of these countries
"from the highest that commands" ; yet I wrote divers letters
to you which were delayed by contrary winds and are now
cancelled "by reason of our most lamentable loss, for whom
both the nations may bewail, and will be such a loss and hindrance
to this service as will hardly be repaired. But God will not be
hindered to have his own when he pleaseth to call. His honourable
life and virtuous end doth deserve everlasting fame."
I have a letter from his Excellency to continue this charge
until her Majesty appoints some others, which I pray may be
with expedition. "I find the people brute and malicious towards
our nation, loving better their own profit than the furtherance of
"The want of due pays causeth great disorders amongst the
soldiers in this town. The creditors exclaim for their victuals
being now four months behind ; the bands groweth weak by reason
of sickness and want of clothes. The people murmureth, having
been paid heretofore monthly when....their own nation did
lie here in garrison. Your honour's good furtherance herein may
avoid dangers that may happen to this place, being to her Majesty
dear and of great importance..... I wish that whoseoever shall
have this charge may imitate him that is with God. I never
doubted the obedience of the people here so long as he lived,
though he were never so long absent ; the love and zeal of all
men had him in such reverence."
I crave your honour's accustomed goodness towards me, "now
he is gone that I followed and honoured, and in respect thereof
did yield the office of the Ordnance in June last into His Excellency's
hands, who bestowed the same upon Sir John Conway ;
so that I would crave my discharge....in consideration of my
old years." I have no stay or living in England, but I have not
many years to live.—Flushing, last of October, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland X. 89.]
Memorandum of Knights created.
The Earl of Essex
Lord North's second son [Henry]
Mr. G. Digby
Mr. [Edward] Stanley
Mr. William Hatton
Mr. Henry Unton
Mr. Henry Goodier
Mr. [George] Farmer
Mr. [Thomas] Dennys
Mr. John Burrowe
Mr. Robert Sidney
Mr. William Knollis
Mr. [Philip] Butler
Mr. [William] Reade
Mr. H. Norris
Mr. [John] Wingfield
2 Scots [Bartholomew Bampford
and Alex. Steward]
The Marquis of Guasto, General of the horse.
Nicholas Basty, the eldest captain, lieutenant-General of the
Orapine, a Count of Rome.
Sir Francisco del Monte.
Sir Marinus Monte Nempte.
Sir Hannibal Gonzago, a count.
Sir George Cressiere.
There were 17 companies.
Colonel Verdugo, 3000 foot.
The Prince marched with all the rest of the army. [In the
handwriting of Burghley's secretary, and endorsed by him "October,
1586. Knights created by the Earl of Leicester." Before
"October, Burghley has inserted "September." The skirmish
was on Sept. 22 but the list cannot have been drawn up before
October, as several of those mentioned were not knighted until
Oct. 7 or later.—English style.]
1 p. [Ibid. X. 90.]