LEICESTER to the COUNCIL of STATE.
Having heard of complaints of the States General made to the
Council against him upon the appointment of the receiver of
Frise, that of Deventer at Utrecht and the continuation of the
deputy of Brabant, has made the reply attached. These actions
would not cause disunion among the Provinces except in case of
ill will. Astonished that not informed of these things by the
Council, which Her Majesty and others might take as a sign of
disrespect. There is also the delay of the deputies of the States
in coming, without their sending any explanation of the reason
why, with rumours of the revolt of Deventer, surprise of Ostend,
mutiny of sailors in Holland and the like. They should not allow
such calumnies during his absence, or at least give him early
information about them.
Definite information received that the Prince of Parma will
take the field in March, for which provision has been made by the
Prince of Bavaria, and the Duke of Cleves has promised to do the
same, and Parma has promised to give Bercq to the former and
Wesel to the latter, and to occupy Deventer and Dousburch.
Warns them so that they may make provision of powder and
food.—London, the 3rd January, 1587, stilo Ang.
Copy. 2½ pp. French. [Holland XII. 1.]
The SAME to the [STATES GENERAL].
In reply to their complaints will say that the receiver of Frise
was confirmed in full council upon the advice of the governor of
the province and the testimony of many worthy people. The
inhabitants of Utrecht are content with the burgomaster Deventer,
who is a worthy and capable man. The receiver of Brabant
was continued by the advice of those who were with him on the
voyage of Bommel, on the representation of gentlemen of quality
and others, that he was well qualified and had discharged the
office for several years. No one else asked for it and never heard
any difficulty or complaint against him. If the Provinces fall
apart it will not be through him or the persons named. Did not
expect during his absence to be accused of such high matters
for reasons so feeble. Asks them to put aside private matters
to a better season and to attend to affairs of greater importance
to resist one who seeks their ruin and whose rule will involve
their flight from their homes, and not wrongfully accuse in his
absence one who has exposed his person, life and fortune to help
them, and out of pity for the poor people to bridle private factions.
To consider that the enemy is preparing for the next campaign
and they must decide what steps to take. They need not fear
that the Queen or any governor on her behalf wishes to encroach
on their liberties, to assist which she has devoted a great part
of her treasure.
On his return will try and give them satisfaction in the above
matters. At present trying to move the queen to have greater
pity on their estate.—London, the 3rd January, 1587, st. Ang.
Copy. 4¼ pp. French. [Ibid. XII. 2.]
The STATES GENERAL to BURGHLEY.
Recommending the deputies sent to her Majesty and asking
his favour for their cause.—The Hague, 14 January, 1587.
Add. Endd. 1 p. French. In Burghley's hand, names of
the 7 Provinces, di Buy Thesaur. [Holland XII. 3.]
Letter from the Council of State to his Excellency in reply to
his of the 25th Dec. Unsatisfactory state of affairs. Capt.
Marchant at Wouw. Reduction of companies. Operations of
war. Harm done by report of peace negotiations. Count
Maurice and regiment of Zeeland. The Reiters. Need of further
help from her Majesty.—The Hague, 14 January, 1587.
Fr. 3½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 121.]
Another letter from the same, on the same day. Complaints
of the behaviour of Stanley at Deventer, with request to withdraw
him and his garrison and employ them elsewhere, substituting
some one more agreeable to the townsmen.
Fr. 2¼ pp. [Ibid. XC., p. 125.]
[Printed in Bijdragen ... van het Hist. Genootschap, Utrecht
Pt. xxxiv., p. 129.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
I fear, owing to contrary winds, many of my letters will come
slowly to your lordship's hands, which will fall out very evil for
these countries, now in hard terms for lack of money to satisfy
the soldier. [Concerning the grant of a month's pay by the
States, as ante p. 262.] This was to be made by the remnant
of the contributions due until the 10th of January ; but when the
provinces were urged to deliver in their "quotes," they said
they had already disbursed "some near as much and some more,"
by direction from yourself and your Council, in victuals, money,
munition and other provisions, and unless a liquidation were
had of their disbursements, they neither could or would contribute
more ; whereby the soldier continues in extreme misery and ready
to mutiny. Many towns have refused to obey the "pattents"
made in your name and to admit the companies sent to them as
garrison, who have been constrained for want of food to rob and
spoil the country, to ransom [i.e. hold to ransom] the boor, and
to commit many insolencies, to the great discontentment of
the people. The garrisons at Deventer and the fort before
Zutphen are in extreme misery and poverty, as you will perceive
by the enclosed letter from Sir William Stanley ; but it has not
been possible to relieve them from here until now, when with great
importunity so much has been got as will pay them for half a
month. Yet the Council have done as much as they could and
are now sending divers of their college to the provinces "to lay
before them the dangerous plight they are in, and to let them
understand, in case they shall refuse to supply the sums presently
demanded, that then we shall be constrained to disband the
companies, and to suffer them to spoil and set upon them and
their countries ; and if this endeavour work no effect, then your
lordship will easily judge what will become of us. And to help
forward the destruction of all, there is a bruit spread in all the
provinces that there is a peace in concluding underhand with the
Spaniard, whereof many of the towns (upon mislike of this
general confusion) do prepare themselves (as the States inform us)
to allow and accept thereof. Whereupon they have entreated
the Council ... to make known that the said bruit is false and
but a stratagem of the enemy, to prevail in some device against
them ; and withal, to prohibit, upon pain of severe punishment,
that no more speeches be used thereof. This opinion of peace is
grounded upon a report ... that the count Mansfelt and M. de
Champagny are gone into England from the Prince of Parma to
treat with her Majesty, according to some instruction given for
that purpose to Captain George [qy. Georgio Crescia] the late
prisoner at his release from hence. I trust your lordship will
consider of these infirmities, and hasten some remedy from home
before they become incurable, or else be a means that we may be
all revoked with her Majesty's honour.
"The Count Hohenlo continueth his practices, and hath
strengthened his faction with the addition of all the evil-affected
to your lordship here ; and hath now gotten into the same the
Count Moeurs with whom (forgetting all former quarrels) he hath
done almost nothing but drink and banquet for ten or twelve
days together. The Count Moeurs, forgetting all the honour
and favour done him by your lordship, hath publicly in his drink
used speeches in disgrace of our nation ; and having been
appointed in the late controversy at Utrecht to deal between the
towns and clergy as an arbiter, to have compounded their
variances, did proceed therein as a party with the said clergy
against the rest, as Mr. Hotman will best inform your lordship."
And for Utrecht, though I think it were fit that the controversies
were compounded, yet as the Count Moeurs (who has had much
interest in the affections of that province) is declined from us,
it were not amiss to hold out a good hand towards the towns
(being the stronger party) and seem to incline to favour their
purpose, for if her Majesty resolved to take any more caution of
towns, upon further succours to be yielded to them, I think
Utrecht and Dordrecht would not be forgotten.
For the charges of those you left here, I could get but 500
florins, which is already more than half spent, and when it be
consumed, I know not what shift to make to get more ;
wherefore I beseech you to take some order therein, for without
money there is nothing to be had here.—The Hague, 4 January,
Copy. 2½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 28.]
Proposition made by the Council of State to the States General
for the payment of the troops.—The Hague, 16 January, 1587.
Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XC., p. 132.]
P. VAERHEILIUS to WALSINGHAM.
Asks his influence with Leicester for an opportunity to serve
at Flushing at the request of Sir William Russell. It will deliver
him from an idle life at Court and permit him to deal with the
affairs of the Low Countries with which he is better acquainted.
Encouraged to approach him because of the recommendation of
M. de Busenval on behalf of the King of Navarre. 16 January,
Add. Endd. 16 Jan., 1586, from P. Verhelius. 1¼ pp.
French. [Holland XII. 4.]
Extract from letters of de Bye of the 17 January, 1587, st.
novo, upon an abstract shown to her Majesty by Mr. Willicx,
whereof a copy was sent to de Bye.
Finds the collection of Mr. Willicx very impertinent, as he
does not make sufficient distinction of the time, and the first
sums should be included with the last to arrive at the full
charges of the year '86. Criticises the articles in detail. Surprised
greatly at the letters of Mr. Athy of the 2nd Dec., old style,
that her Majesty had been informed that for the first six months
in addition to the ordinary contributions of 200,000 florins a
month, 4 millions had been consumed.
Copy. Endd. In Burghley's hand 17 Jan., 1586-1587, de Bye.
2¼ pp. French. [Ibid. XII. 5.]
ADOLF COUNT of NEWENAR to WALSINGHAM.
Salutations, by a gentleman of his house sent to England on his
affairs.—The Hague, the 17th January, 1587.
Add. Endd. ½ p. French. [Ibid. XII. 6.]
ROWLANDE DE YORKE to WALSINGHAM.
Apologises for not having written since his last by Lord Essex.
At his Excellency's departure such order was taken as was found
best for the health of the country, "but H.E. took not such good
order but they have travailed to make it imperfect." Treated
very well by H.E. but has since found very cross and "underete"
proceedings which were the occasion that he and others desired
to make their retreat with H.E., as the bearer Edward Stanley
can explain. Has written an account, at request of H.E., and
will explain anything that hard to be understood. Zutphen
very short of victuals ; "but there they speak all of peace and that
the Duke of Aerschott, Mansfield and Champaignie are to depart
for England. The people here in these parts give it forth.
If the Queen's Majesty please not to embrace them they know
other means. The Prince of Parma is still at Brussels and makes
great preparations of finances and commissions. It should be
very necessary that H.E. wrote unto the States to furnish the
frontiers with 3 months' ammunition as Loccom and Gorcom
are all unprovided for ; so as if our forces be not ready when
the enemy's forces enter into the field they will easily carry them
away, so likewise to furnish all their frontiers for 3 or 4 months'
ammunitions." Has taken great pains to make a bad place
something, costing him all the money he had. Of the victuals
and money ordained he received nothing but indiscretions and
discontentments. Dare not write all but trusts the bearer well.
If her Majesty enters not into the cause asks to be sent for home
"for truly as I humbled myself to please her Majesty, your honour
and the dead, (fn. 1) now I am content to humble myself lower to please
myself, for now since H.E. departure here is no form of proceeding
neither honourable nor honestly." At the fort of the Velou
before Zutphen, 7 January, 1586.
News from Germany that Ansborch should be surprised by the
papists, but by the last are in doubt. There is great leave of
soldiers ; to what end not known.
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Holland XII. 7.]
Translation of a letter from the "Prince" of Parma to the
King of Denmark, in reply to his letter of the 28th November,
and concerning peace proposals.—Brussels, 17 January, 1587.
Fr. 1¾ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 111.]
Ordonnance of the States General for the enlargement of Paul
Buys. (fn. 2) —The Hague, the 17th January, 1587. Signed, Aerssens.
Endd. 1½ pp. French. [Holland XII. 8 ; also S.P. For.
Archives XC., p. 128.]
WILKES to BURGHLEY.
In support of the deputies sent by the States General to treat
for further help and to offer her Majesty the sovereignty. If
Burghley will keep his letters to himself and not show them
elsewhere, for the avoiding of jealousy, he will advise him of the
state of things from time to time.—The Hague, the 8th January,
Add. Endd. Seal of arms. ½ p. [Holland XII. 9.]
ROGER ASHTON to his brother in law CHARLES LYVET.
Sir William will not let me come over till towards Easter.
The king of Spain is making great preparations for war here.
M. Taxis is looked for with a great army, to Zutphen, only 5
English miles to Deventer where Sir William lieth. The enemy
doth victual Zutphen, only our English garrisons are so weak
that as they be not able to prevent it (their convoy is so strong),
except Sir William's regiment might be spared out of Deventer,
which may not be for then we should lose the town. If the town
were stronger than we were sure to have all our throats cut ;
we keep the town so strong that we are able to command them.
If her Majesty do not take these wars in hand, without all doubt
the king will have all these countries (and that in very short
time) by revolt. Deventer had revolted and should have been
given up the same day Sir William came into it, for the enemy
was marched out of Zutphen with 7 ancients to have received it.
The world is nought. Therefore leave your lechery and serve
God. 1588 draweth on.—Deventer, 8th January, 1586.
Signed. Add. To Charles Lyvet, deputy auditor at his
house, Dublin. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XII. 10.]
"The first part of the account exhibited to the States General
... by Richard Huddilston ; and is for the first four months
during the commandment of Sir John Norreys." With memorandum
that it was exhibited in person by Huddilston on January
19, stilo novo, assisted by General Norreys, to the deputies of the
said States ; viz. : for Gueldres, the Sieur Johan de Wynberghe ;
for Holland, Thierry Louck ; for Zeeland, Mre. Guillaume Roels,
councillor and pensionary of Middelburg ; for Utrecht, Henry
Buth ; for Frise, Mre. Charles de Roerda ; in presence of M.
Sebastien van Loozen, councillor of state, and George de Bye,
treasurer general. Apostilles by the States in the margin.
(1) Totals of payments made from 12 August, 1585, to 12
December following, to Norreys as Colonel-General ; Roger
Williams, Lieut. Colonel ; Nicholas Erington, master of the
ordnance ; Richard Erington ; Johan Pryse, sergeant-major of
the camp ; Henry Swynnerton, commissary of musters ; Pierre
Crispe, provost-marshal ; William Bon, quarter master ; Thomas
Wilson, Henry Swanne, corporals of the camp ; Thomas Brune,
commissary of the victuals ; John Langley, master of the chariots.
(2) Other payments made by ordinance of General Norreys
to the 27 English companies who passed muster Sept. 14, 1585,
viz : to Richard Huddilston, treasurer of her Majesty and captain
of a company of foot ; John Borge [Burgh], Edward Norreys ;
Henry Norreys ; Thomas Knowles ; Francis Darsey ; John
Wotton ; Thomas Vavasour ; John Scott ; Thos. Maria Wingfield ;
Gilbert Havers ; Edmund Banister ; John Shelton, alias
Huntley ; Thomas Baskervil ; John Roberts ; Degory Hender ;
Thomas Rowls ; Thomas Morgan ; Edward Yorcke ; Emanuel
Lucar ; Walter Waller ; Edward Morgan ; Edmond Wydale
[or Uvedale] ; Nicholas Erington ; Arthur Brett ; Charles Blunt ;
Francis Carsey ; Peter Crispe.
(3) Other payments as above to nine English companies,
transferred from the charge of the States to that of her Majesty,
from 27 September to 11 December, 1585, viz :
Roger Williams, lieut. colonel and captain of a company in
garrison at Bergen-op-zoom ; and the following captains, in
garrison, viz. : Robert Sydney at Rameken ; Edward Symes
and Rich. Wingfield at Flushing ; John Hill, in Zeeland ; Francis
Litleton and John Sibthorp at Ostend ; Oliver Lambert and
(4) Other payments to 1000 men transferred from the charge
of the States General to that of her Majesty ; their wages beginning
Nov. 11, 1585, viz. : Sir John Norreys ; John Pryse ;
Edward Cromwell ; Richard Graie ; John Hunnige ; and Thomas
(5) Other extraordinary expenses, for transport of soldiers, and
repayment to Sir John Norreys for refloating the Bull when it
went aground between Camphere and Ziricsee.
(6) Other payments for the entertainment of Richard Huddilston
Certified as having been examined and apostiled in the assembly
of the States General at the Hague, 19 February, 1587. Signed
by Wynbergen, president, and by Aerssens.
Fr. 49 pp. [Holland XII. 11.]
HUDDILSTONE to BURGHLEY.
Thought to have been his own messenger but did not find the
expedition he looked for. Appointed by Lord Cornwall at his
departure to London to account unto the Estates of the whole of
her Majesty's charges. Reached Hague on 10th December.
On the 20th handed them the book of all the moneys
disbursed. Describes their devices to procure delays. Is daily
attending their further proceeding. Urges them chiefly for
their answer as the thing which her Majesty looketh to be
satisfied in ; for the book of reinbursements originally handed
to them. Thinks they would be glad if it were lost, but
has another way to prevent them. Expects they will refer
him to their deputies in England about the account of Lord
Cornwall's time, and sees no remedy as has no warrant for the
full pays until the 12th October. Sure they will take easy occasion
to quarrel, especially as they hold the same order as they began
with Sir John Norreys. Thinks they will not hold him long and
when the examination is finished will make all the haste he can.
—The Hague, the 9th January, 1586.
Before the enclosing of this letter, which is the 14th of this
present by the importunity of Sir John Norreys, Mr. Wilks and
myself I have obtained so much as I look not to stay here above
Add. Endd. 1½ pp. [Ibid. XII. 12.]
WILLIAM BORLAS to WALSINGHAM.
Acknowledges letter of last December. Sir William Russel
much looked for as the States of Holland and the magistrates of
the town hope to find another Sir Philip Sidney of him. Forwards
at request of M. de Gronyvelld, governor of the Sluese a present
of pheasants for his lp. and for his Excellency. "The state of
this garrison is very weak and had need that it were supplied with
more men and money also. Your honour should do well to cause
the captains that be there to return to their charge or else to give
them over for we have here but two captains in the town. I
assure your lp. a great shame it is suffered. In Ostend there is
one only captain left." Lord Willoughby now here to embark
for England is turning back on hearing that the enemy is going
towards Bergenopsome, fearing he is going to the castle of Woe,
which standeth in ill terms for want of pay. Skenke has overthrown
some 200 of the enemy's horse and put victuals into
Borke. Sir John Norreys has some journey in hand but as yet
not known. Glad to know of the recovery of Lady Sidney and
her daughter. Flushing, the 9th January, 1586.
"This present morning, being the 10th of January, I understood
for certain that the castle of Wou was given up to the Prince of
Parma for 6 months' pay the 7th of this present."
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Holland XII. 13.]
A "state" of the contributions, ordinary and extraordinary,
granted to his Excellency by the States General of the United
Provinces, for the term of one year, 11 January, 1586, to 10
Fr. 6½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 113.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
Appeal for Gilpin, one of the secretaries to the Council of
State, for some relief that he may continue his service. He is
trusty, wise and very sufficient, acquainted with the countries
and humours of the people and the course of the government.
"Because there is none of us here that hath the country language
and all things in effect are done in their tongue ; there must be
an English secretary in his place." Asks that he may have some
pension or other allowance.—The Hague, 10th January, 1586.
Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Holland XII. 14.]
A copy of the above, wrongly dated 12 Jan. [S.P. For.
Archives XCI., p. 33.]