THOMAS BRUNE to BURGHLEY.
Asks for the payment of 1800l. due to him by the English
captains and also help him to obtain payment from the States,
the sums amounting together to 3600l.—London, the 11th
Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland XII. 15.]
WILKES to BURGHLEY.
I am given to understand that there is no small offence taken
by my lord of Leicester of my late report to her Majesty of the
state of these countries, and of the greatness of the charge
sustained by them sithence the government of his Lordship here.
I trust you will testify that my report was altogether founded
upon the accounts and papers delivered unto me by the Council
of State here, wherein if there be errors (as I suppose there is
not) the fault is to be ascribed to them. I understand also that
I am blamed in that my lord had not seen and considered of the
pieces here, after I had received them. I took them to him at
Elten in Cleveland, where he lay with his camp and desired him
to consider of them but from want either of leisure or will he told
me to report to her Majesty what I had received, making no
great account of the matter, though I declared to him summarily
"the greatness of the charge passed and the anticipations of so
many months," as I mentioned to her Majesty and your lordship.
To put you out of doubt, I send an abridgement of the whole
receipts, issues and arrearages since my lord accepted the government,
whereby it will appear that I have reported nothing but the
truth. [Gives details concerning receipts, debts, etc.] The
account is now sent to her Majesty by the States General and
Council of State, with a letter avowing it to be just and true.
[Further details concerning the account, and of the sufferings of
the army for want of pay.]
I cannot but recommend to your remembrance the payment of
the soldier for the time to come to be made by the poll, according
to your instructions never yet executed, for the captains keep the
soldier from his due, and convert most part of their pay to their
own use. I assure you "that the like poverty and want hath
hardly been ever seen in any army of so great a monarch as her
Majesty is, to no little dishonour of our nation."
The deputies are to entreat her Majesty for a better administration
of the treasure here, to whose report I refer you, hoping
that before she resolves on that point, she will hear the poor
opinions of those who serve her here, and see and know the
All these things are written to you "as under Benedicite,"
praying you to use the knowledge of them to the furtherance of
her Majesty's services, and likewise "that the uttering of them
be no occasion of my hurt or undoing ; being (as I am credibly
informed) dangerously threatened at home for my plain dealing
in my former voyage." But I trust God will defend me in the
execution of my duty and her Majesty's favour not forsake me.
—The Hague, 12 January, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Holland XII. 16.]
Copy of the above, in Wilkes' Letter Book. [Archives XCI.,
WILKES to LEICESTER.
Sending him a copy of an abstract of the whole years receipt
and charge of the provinces, from the beginning of his government
until the 10th inst., new style ; and explaining certain differences
between it and the original, sent by the deputies of the States to
If her Majesty does not let him return speedily, or send some
other, the countries are likely to go to confusion.—The Hague,
12 January, 1586.
Copy. 1 p. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 34.]
[Printed in full in Cabala, pl. II., p. 4.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
In my answer to yours of December 3, I promised to show
that my former report of the charges of the wars here for that
time of my lord's government was true. I trust you will see by
the enclosed that I have done my lord no wrong, but have
received wrong to be suspected. "It will appear that the charge
of this one year's war, comprising her Majesty's succours, hath
cost in ready money and debt above 560,000l. sterling. I fear
it will greatly terrify her Majesty to behold it ; and yet the States
and Council here for the defence of their own credits and reputations
can do no less, seeing they have been charged to her Majesty
with falsehood and indirect proceeding, than to deal plainly
therein." They have written, assuring her that this charge is
true, and shall be proved when it pleases her to command them ;
and now I hope I shall be found to have reported no more than
is true. I should be glad to be favoured with your opinion of my
answer to his lordship, and how he is satisfied therewith, "for
if he shall proceed with her Majesty to hurt me," I must provide
for my own defence at home. And if in return for my faithful
service, I be overthrown, I must ascribe it to those who laid the
service upon me. I have sent a servant of my own to receive
your honour's letters, and pray you to send back speedily and to
give him some allowance for his voyage.
You shall do a most laudable deed to persuade her Majesty
to send over some money for her army, which is in very miserable
case, having neither apparel nor meat, dying for hunger and cold
and being in worse plight than those of our nation in the States'
pay, who, though they have served long without money have now
received a month's pay, while most of the companies in her
Majesty's pay, except the garrisons in the two towns, have
received nothing since the beginning of September, "whereby
they are constrained to commit many insolencies, to the great
offence of this people, and where they remain in garrison, they
can be no more trusted, they are so far behind with the towns. (fn. 1)
"There must be better order taken hereafter in the distribution
of her Majesty's treasure ... as your honour shall best understand
by the plaints that will be made at home very shortly."—The
Hague, 12 January, 1586.
Copy. 1½ pp. [Ibid. XCI., p. 35.]
The COUNCIL OF STATE to the MERCHANTS ADVENTURERS at
As, by the non-arrival of her Majesty's treasure for the pay of
her armies, the soldiers are in danger to starve, unless speedily
relieved with some small imprests, we have advised our very good
friend Richard Huddleston, her Majesty's treasurer at wars here,
to engage his credit with you for borrowing a convenient sum of
money, and earnestly pray you to furnish him, upon such security
as he can give you, with so much as he shall think will suffice
to relieve the want of the poor soldiers ; to be repaid on the landing
of the first treasure sent over. And in so doing, besides the service
done to her Majesty "you shall further save the lives of many
a poor man whose prayers to God may avail you hereafter."
—The Hague, 22 January, 1586.
Copy. ¾ p. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 37.]
[The date of the month has been added in different ink, and is
probably new style, as the marginal endorsement has "12th January."]
Requirements touching the ordnance at Flushing, by William
Thomas, master gunner of Flushing.
Endd. 13 Jan., 1586. William Thomas, master gunner of
Flushing, demands touching the government of Flushing. ½ p.
[Holland XII. 17.]
The second part of the account [ut supra, p. 311] exhibited on
Jan. 23, new style, before the same deputies, with the addition
of Johan Pauli for Holland. Apostiles by the States in the margin.
The names are for the most part the same as in the previous
account, but the following are additional :—Richard Hart ;
George Turvill (in succession to Edw. Yorke) ; John Britton (in
succession to Lucar) ; David Pawel ; William Twidder (in
succession to Sibthorp) ; Sir Philip Sydney ; Sir Thomas Cecil ;
Henry Islye (in succession to Wotton) ; William Thomas ; John
Lloyd ; William Reade and William Knowles.
(1) Payments made from Dec. 11, 1585, to Oct. 11, 1586.
(2) Other payments made from April 12, 1586, to Oct. 12
(3) Other payments made for the English cavalry, whose service
began Nov. 12, 1585, according to Commissary Digges, viz :—
to his Excellency ; the Earl of Essex, general of the horse ; Col.
Norreys ; and Captains William Russell ; Robert Sydney ; Roger
Williams ; Michael Dormer ; Thomas Sherley ; Philip Butler ;
Capt. Ferfax ; Sir William Pelham, marshal ; Lord North, Sir
Philip Sydney and Sir Thos. Cecil.
(4) Other payments to his Excellency ; the chief officers of
the camp ; governors of cautionary towns, etc., viz : to his
Excellency, John, Baron Norreys, Colonel-general of the foot ;
Henry Norreys, lieut.-Colonel ; Sir Philip Sydney, governor of
Flushing ; Nicholas Erington, marshal of Flushing ; Sir Thos.
Cecil, governor of La Briele ; Bamborg, marshal of the Brill ;
Sir Edward Norreys, and Sir Henry Norreys.
(5) Other payment to Councillors of State and the Commissary
of Musters, viz :—Bartholomew Clarke ; Henry Killigrew, and
(6) Other payments, for gifts, gratuities, entertainment, etc.,
viz : William Herle, employed in her Majesty's service ; the
Sieur Godrige ; Dr. James ; Col. Martin Schenck ; the company
of Capt. Sydney at Rammekins and of Capt. Huntley at Flushing ;
Capt. William Twedde at Bergen-op-Zoom ; and Capt. Lucar.
(7) Payments extraordinary for transportation of his Excellency
and his suite from England ; the transport of 4000 soldiers
under Sir P. Sidney and Sir T. Cecil ; the cost of the carriage of
her Majesty's money and the loss on exchange ; to Edmund
Hunte and John Comyer auditors of accounts, and Humfrey Scott,
(8) Payment for entertainment of the Treasurer and his officers,
and hire of houses at Middelburg and the Hague.
Certified as examined and apostiled in the Assembly of the
States General at the Hague, 9 February, 1587. Signed by
Wynberghen, president, and Aerssens.
Note that the cost of the levy of the thousand horse at her
Majesty's pay is not included, it not being yet settled.
Fr. 70 pp. [Holland XII. 18.]
Letter from the magistrates of Utrecht to the Council of State,
setting forth their grievances.—Utrecht, 14 January, 1587, stilo
veteri [as regards the day of the month]. (fn. 2)
Copy. Fr. 7½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 61.]
Resolution of the States of Holland touching the preservation
of the flat country ; appointing his Excellency of Nassau captain
general of Holland, Zeeland and Friesland, the Count of Hohenloo
as lieutenant of the States of Holland, with authority to use the
troops for the defence of the flat country. All officers to take
oath to defend the country, All fortifications on the frontiers
to be put in repair. Financial provisions. The principal
captains and officers must be natives of the country, and the
burgomasters of the towns shall select suitable persons for
approval by H.E. of Nassau. Resolved at the assembly of the
States of Holland at the Hague, the 24th January, 1587, by order,
Copy. 9¾ pp. Dutch. [Holland XII. 19.]
[Jan. 14/24 ?]
WILKES to COUNT HOHENLO.
I humbly thank your lordship for letting me hear from you.
Touching the castle of Wouwe, it seems that on the 22 of this
month you were not yet advertised that on the morning of the
17th [i.e. 7-17 January] instant, it was surrendered to the enemy,
Captain Marchant receiving for his treason the sum of 45,000
florins in ready money, and departing with flag flying and drums
beating. By which all here were astonished. And as example
is dangerous, seeing the present confusions in this state and the
great dearth of money, by reason whereof the soldiers throughout
the country receive very scant satisfaction, we hope that you will
lend so good a hand, that in the quarters where you now are the
towns will be held to their duty and obedience, by your providing
that the guard thereof be committed to honest and loyal men.
For, the town of Bergen, upon the loss of Wouwe, they arranged
that the disorders should cease and the town be furnished with
all things necessary for its defence and safety, so you will have
nothing to fear from thence. Your lordship may be assured that
I am your very affectionate servant and will not fail to hold
good correspondence with you, knowing the affection felt for
you by the Queen my mistress ; and I pray that any displeasure
you may have conceived with respect to any of our nation may not
be directed against her Majesty, or those who desire the welfare of
these poor countries.—The Hague, 14 January, 1587. stilo
Copy. Fr. 1 p. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 38.]
[But the letter cannot have been written so early as Jan. 4-14.
Probably a copyist's mistake for 24.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
Request that Sir John Conway, appointed by Leicester to
succeed Sir William Knolles as governor of Ostend, may have a
company of footmen in the queen's pay, the place being threatened
with a siege and because his common entertainment from the
States does not nearly suffice to cover his charges there.—The
Hague, the 15th January, 1586.
Sig. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland XII. 20.]
The SAME to BURGHLEY.
The like request.
Sig. Add. Endd. 25 Jan., 1586. [Ibid. XII. 21.]
Letter from the magistrates of Utrecht to the States General
on release of Buys.—Utrecht. 16 January, 1587, stilo veteri.
Fr. 1¾ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 76.]
Letter from the Council of State to his Excellency. Further
reports of Stanley, showing the dangerous condition of Deventer.
He speaks very disrespectfully of the Council, of Norris and Wilkes,
and told their agent "Io recibo cartas como cartas pero hare
como soldado," treating him with contempt and extorting money
from him. If good order is not promptly taken, some great
disaster is to be feared.—The Hague, 28 January, 1587.
Fr. 2 pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 130.]
[Printed in Bijdragen etc. van het Hist. Genootschap, Utrecht
Pt. xxxiv., p. 136.]
Difficulties propounded by the Council of State in regard to
the placcard concerning the transport of victuals, etc.—The
Hague, 28 January, 1587.
Fr. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. XC., p. 137.]
The third part of the Account [ut supra, p. 311] exhibited on
Jan. 28, new style, being payments in pounds sterling (at the
rate of 10l. artois) to divers companies and officers at the charge
of the States, and which are to be repaid by them. With
apostiles, on behalf of the States General, in the margin. The
payments are to Sir John Norreys ; Baron Willoughby, governor
of Bergen-op-Zoom ; Baron Audley ; Captains Barrow, Roger
Tanner (44l. of this being for his ransom, when a prisoner in
Antwerp) ; Barneye ; Ladanne ; Cheston ; Peyton ; Shawe ;
Inge ; Gainsfort ; James Wotton ; Pettye ; Benett ; Powle ;
Greme ; Littleton ; Randolphe ; Richard Winckfield ; Hunning ;
Hill ; Lambert ; Crispe.
Payments made to certain officers
Sir William Pelham, marshal of the camp ; Sir William Reade,
sergeant-major ; Sir William Russel, lieutenant of the horse ;
Lord North, for the erection of his cornet of lances ; Nicolas
Errington, master of the Artillery and afterwards governor of
Ostend ; Sir John Conway, Errington's successor as master of
the Artillery ; James Spencer, provost marshal ; Thomas Wilford,
sergeant-major of Ostend ; Samuel Thomas, master cannoneer ;
Henry Swanne, corporal of the camp ; Gavin Smythe, master of
the transports ; Edmund Yorke, quarter-master ; Dr. William
Clerck, judge-marshal ; the cannoneers of Ostend ; Mr. Swynerton,
master of the musters.
Payments made in England for the raising and transport of
certain companies, viz. : to
Captains Carewe, Digbye, Hercott, William Standleye, Rhennes.
Payments made to
Sir Philip Sidney, for the surprise of Axel and the service of
Gravelines ; to Thomas Brune, general of provisions, and Richard
Browne, for victuals ; Thomas Arden and Jehan Shutte for
entertainment of archers.
For the Pioneers, to Captains Bradstock, captain, and Thomas
Bedwel, colonel of the Pioneers.
Divers other payments
For six Flemish companies in garrison at Ostend ; divers
munitions and provisions of war brought from England ; a
thousand halbardiers brought from England ; William Cooke for
oats and transport of horses ; and "Baron Norrits" for arms
delivered to English companies in the pay of the States.
Certified by Wynberge and Aerssens as having been seen,
heard, examined and apostiled in the Assembly of the States
General at the Hague on Feb. 9, 1587.
Endd. "28 Jan., 1587, Pour Messieurs les Estats."
Fr. 28 pp. [Holland XII. 22.]
Another copy of the preceding "third account."
Endd. Fr. 28 pp. [Ibid. XII. 23.]
WILLIAM BORLAS to WALSINGHAM.
Request that Captain Udall, now in garrison at Bergen may be
under Sir William Russel at Flushing, a favour that many seek.
The man is very honest and has one of the best companies in
these lands.—Flushing, 18th January, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XII. 24.]
WILKES to THE QUEEN.
There has of late been taken near Brussels by the horsemen of
Bergen garrison, a gentleman sent from the King of Denmark
to the Duke of Parma, son to one Ranzovius [Ranzow] a principal
man about the King, who having received his dispatch was
returning home attended only by one man, and "not manifesting
what he was," was the more rudely entreated and the letters
from the Duke, were opened and read ; and after sent hither to
the Council. Amongst which was one from the Duke to the King
containing a purpose between them to treat of a peace, as will
appear by the copy I send your Majesty.
The States and Council are not well pleased with the King,
the matter being taken in hand without their privity and finding
by experience (as they allege) "that the only bruit of a peace
here will open a gap to the worst affected, who are many in
number, untimely to practise among the common people, to
draw their affections thereunto before it might be assured that
the King [of Spain] would yield to the point of religion, without
which there is no hope of peace, and therefore the only overture
of a pacification is likely to be of dangerous consequence to these
countries. They say further ... that albeit the King should
assent to the allowance of their privileges as in the time of
Charles the Fifth, yet there is no hope of the performance thereof
because in the rest of the provinces, now under the government
of the Spanish King, the contracts and promises of privileges
are in no sort observed. A third point is ... how your Majesty's
estate may be secured if these countries shall come to be under
the rule and disposition of Spain." Which things, being of so
great moment, I refer to your Majesty's grave consideration.
"In the mean time, the Council of State are advising how to
excuse the accident of the taking of the King's ambassador,
which they hope to do to his good satisfaction, and withal, to
pray his Majesty not to proceed in treating with the Prince of
Parma without their privity and assent ; laying before him
the dangers and difficulties like to ensue thereof in case, before
he begin, the King shall not accord them the point of Religion,
which they believe he will never do."—The Hague, 19 January,
Copy. 1¼ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 39.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
"The States General, by their pretended absolute authority
above yours, have set at liberty the person of Paulus Bus,
causing him to give caution of 25,000 florins to be forthcoming
to answer at all times to such matter as shall be brought against
him." Your lordship was no sooner departed but the Count
Hohenlo became an earnest suitor for his enlargement, requiring
the Council to set him free upon the said conditions, a copy of
which I send herewith, as also of the letter from the States to
the deputy of the Escoutettes of Utrecht for his enlargement.
"He departed out of the town without the privity of the
magistrate, whereat they are not a little moved, and by their
letters to this Council they require aid to have him returned
to his prison until your lordship's pleasure be known. The matter
hath been debated whether the authority of the States were such
as they might enlarge him, he being in the town of Utrecht,
which, with the rest of the members of that province (as they say)
had conferred on your lordship a kind of sovereignty of government
beyond that which the other provinces had done ...
The opinions were divers, and no conclusion had of the matter ;
but well I perceive it will breed a dangerous quarrel between the
States and Utrecht, which in this time of their other great
confusions, will fall out to be of no small consequence, and therefore
I beseech your lordship to have some care thereof.
"Sir John Norreys is departed towards the field with some 3000
foot and 500 horse, to assure the town of Wesel if it may be,
which seemeth contented to accept of garrisons. There are some
other enterprises in hand of greater importance which I dare not
commit to paper for lack of a cipher."
The States General still temporise as to their contributions but
have advanced 300,000 florins by provision for another month's
pay of the soldiers, until they may know what her Majesty
will resolve upon the office of the sovereignty.
Some of young Bax's company of horse at Bergen-op-Some
lately took, even at the gates of Brussels, a gentleman
sent by the King of Denmark to the Duke of Parma, to deal
for a peace between the King of Spain and these countries.
The soldiers "did not acknowledge him for an ambassador
because he resisted and made defence, so as he himself was well
beaten and some of his men hurt and slain." They brake open
his letters, one of which was from the Duke to the King of
Denmark "by the which it appeareth how far they have proceeded,"
but as her Majesty might take it ill that I have told
anyone but herself, according to her command in things of greatest
importance, I pray you not to seem to have knowledge thereof
until she imparts it to you.—The Hague, 19 January, 1586.
Copy. 1½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 40.]
WILKES TO WALSINGHAM.
I have in my letters to Themistocles [Leicester], given him to
understand the dangerous disorders increased here since his
departure, but as I fear he does not feel their importance, I give
your honour some notice of them, that it may please you to help
hasten some speedy redress.
First, the absence of a governor has bred many perilous dissensions,
with no hope of reformation by reason of the contempt
had of my lord's authority left with this Council, "who are little
or nothing regarded of the towns, people or soldiers, and so
great is the lack of discipline among the garrisons, especially
of our nation, that I am ashamed to hear the continual complaints
which come to this Council board against them." Sir John
Norreys and I have written often to the captains and governors
to reform the insolencies and disorders of their soldiers, but no
amendment follows at all, "so as we begin to grow as hateful
to the people as the Spaniard himself, who governeth his towns
of conquest with a milder hand than we do our friends and allies."
One cause is lack of pay, without which it is impossible to maintain
discipline. "The other is lack of government in the captains
and officers, who for the most part are such as either never
served before and have no judgment, no, not to rule themselves,
and such as make their profit of the poor soldier so extremely
as they are hateful to the companies, wherein, if there be no
redress the next pay by delivering to the soldier his money by the
poll, it were better that her Majesty did revoke all ; for as the
case of the common soldier now standeth, the States receive
little or no service of them but spoil and ruin of their towns and
countries." (fn. 3)
"And herein I must remember to your honour some particular
disorders of our English governors of towns ; and first of Stanley
whom I always took to be a gentleman of good judgment.
He having committed to him the guard of Tremulus [Deventer],
a place of great importance, hath been at such dissension with the
inhabitants there, and so taken upon him beyond his commission,
being but superintendant over the forces within the town, and
nothing to do with their policy," that after many complaints
made by the magistrates and sundry friendly letters written
to him, the Council has been constrained to write to my lord to
remove him, sending an express messenger who, if his lordship
do not give speedy order to that end, is to entreat her Majesty
to command a reformation. The magistrate of the town doth
charge him, besides his intermeddling with their privileges, which
offendeth them most, to be evil in religion, to accompany only
with those that are notorious and dangerous papists within the
same. He is not contented with the entertainment of 40l.
sterling a month, allowed him by the States as governor of the
place, but hath taken perforce from the commissaries sent lately
thither to deliver a month's pay, an allowance of 10l. sterling a
month over and besides for every company of his regiment,
being as he saith ten companies, amounting by the month to 1400
gulderns, besides a pay for his own company, which is more
than is allowed to Sir John Norreys by 300 gulderns a month,
and as much as is given for entertainment to the Count Hohenlo,
or to any Earl that serveth in these countries. He is charged
further to take within the country near abouts from the poor
villagers weekly for the provision of his table, one whole ox,
three sheep and a hog, or in lieu of the hog 20s. sterling, and
Rowland Yorke? forceth them likewise to furnish him weekly
for his table one quarter of an ox, one sheep and half a hog ; and
in case it be not brought unto them every week...they send the
soldiers to take it by force. "By these and many other insolencies
said to be committed by the soldiers in that place, the
magistrate and burgesses of the men and people of the country
are grown to hate our government, and it is to be feared, unless
speedily looked into, will hazard the loss of the town, while the
bruit thereof will make every town refuse to receive our people
into garrison. "I know your honour will find this information
very strange, considering the opinion you have conceived of the
wisdom and discretion of Stanley, and for mine own part I do as
unwillingly advertise the same, if my duty, and the danger of the
sufferance thereof, did not command me the contrary.
"There are likewise complaints daily delivered of the lack of
discipline among our soldiers in the towns of Bergues op Zome
and Ostend ; and that the deputy governor of Agathocles
[? Flushing] doth take upon him to pass away out of the country
merchandizes and victuals as of his own authority, without
licence of 40 [Council of State] contrary to the placcards and
contract with her Majesty. Whereby this state is much
defrauded.... It were too long for me to write particularly
of all the disorders, and what advantage is taken of
them by such as are factioned against us here, to bring our
nation in hatred and to wring us out of the country.
The return of Themistocles is greatly feared by the States
and if he return again it will but increase our convulsions
their fear of tyranny to be used towards them hereafter hath
made them seek all the devices they may to keep Fremhens (fn. 4)
whereof I trust Philadelphus will take some special care for the
good he wisheth to these countries.
The States General have of their own authority enlarged Paulus
Bus, who is here at the Hague, whereat the town of Utrecht
is greatly offended, and demands to have him returned to prison.
It is like to breed a dangerous quarrel between them (who were
no good friends before), and that town being subject to mutiny, it
will behove her Majesty either to send hither a governor speedily,
or some person of credit to hear and compound their controversies.
I marvel that Mr. Dr. Clarke is not returned hither. Your
honour will best consider how unable I am, being a stranger to the
state of these countries, to serve here alone, and I beseech you
to be speedily relieved either by him or some other that is honest
The town of Utrecht dissents from the other provinces in the
manner of their offer of the sovereignty to her Majesty, meaning
"to yield her the same as Charles the 5th did hold it, reserving
only their principal privileges and religion, which the rest do not
intend to do (as I can learn) who do mean to charge the same
with many strange conditions. I would be glad to know your
honour's opinion of her Majesty's purpose therein. (fn. 5)
[Relates the taking of the ambassador of Denmark, the
surrender of the castle of "Wawe" to the enemy and the departure
of Sir John Norreys into the field as in his letters above.]
We hear that the enemy prepares to return to the siege of
Berk. "There is two other notable enterprises in hand, if
God send them to succeed as it is hoped ; the one upon Crates
[? Ostend] and the other you shall know shortly." My cipher
lacks the names of many towns here which I pray you may be
I forgot to mention another cause of the lack of discipline
amongst our soldiers, which is that most of our captains of footmen
are in England, and not one captain of the horsemen here.
I could wish that those who cannot yield themselves to the wants
and miseries here, incident to soldiers, would resign their companies
to others, who can better endure "the poverty and lacks that
follow the wars."
It is to be feared that Paulus Bus, being ambitious and
"vindicative" and his case seconded by Count Hohenlo, the
States General and all who are grieved with my lord's government
and mislike the present disorders of our nation, may prepare some
practice of revenge, even although to their own prejudice. If
you thought meet for something to be done therein to prevent the
worst, by writing to him and to Count Hohenlo, to give them
some satisfaction, it might do much good.—The Hague, 19
Copy. 4½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 41.]
The STATES GENERAL to the KING of DENMARK.
Regret to learn that Caius Ransonius, aulic councillor of his
Majesty, returning from the Prince of Parma has been taken and
robbed in enemy's country by troops of whom some were in the
pay of the Provinces and some volunteers, serving without pay
and fighting the common enemy for booty only. Regret that
Ransonius gave them no information about his journey, either in
going or returning, for in that case they would have provided an
escort to protect him whether he travelled by land or sea. The
circumstances of the case diminish the heinousness of the offence,
for the ignorant soldiers consider all whom they meet in enemy
country to be enemies. But to satisfy his Majesty, whose friendship
they recognise and cherish, they have had this nobleman sent
to them and released, ordering his papers and other things to be
collected and restored, punishing those found guilty according to
the quality of the offence, although the nobleman himself excuses
them for the reasons given. Ask his Majesty to ascribe the event
to accident rather than to criminal intent, and to regard the
Provinces with his customary friendliness. And because they
hear by letters and common report that his Majesty contemplates
acting as mediator for peace, they ask that caution may be
used lest the will of the people should be relaxed by hope and
expectation and succumb to the insidious machinations of the
enemy, and that the Queen of England with his Excellency and
those who preside over the government of the Provinces may be
advised beforehand of everything, from whom his Majesty
may be fully informed of the state of the Provinces and their
requirements, to guide his proceedings so that nothing may be
done which does not tend to their security and advantage.—
The Hague, 29 January, 1587.
Copy. Latin. 2 pp. [Holland XII. 25 ; also S.P. For.
Archives XC., p. 148.]
GERART PROUNINCK, SIEUR DE DEVENTER, to WILKES.
I learn on good authority that the council of Tergrave, at the
instance of the States of Holland, has decided on a secret levy of
2,000 foot in order to re-establish the hereditary magistrate at
Utrecht and defend him against the authority of his Excellency,
and if he insisted, to stop paying the garrisons and even surrender
to the Spaniard. I beg you to give order to the garrisons of
Flushing, Rammekens and La Brielle, treating Colonel Sonoy
very well, especially as I hear that North Holland is not yet
of this league. I also ask you to advise her Majesty and H.E.
and beg them not to abandon us. The immediate return of H.E.
and Lord Grey with means to pay the troops, so that the refusal
of this league may not cause us to lose the garrisons, will cut short
all these practices. If Lord Grey set up his quarters here, with
Marshal Pelham at Bergies and H.E. conducted the government
of the whole country from this town, Holland would soon have to
come to terms.—Utrecht the 19th January, 1587, stylo veteri.
Signed, G. de Prounincq lord of Deventer.
Add. with en ses propres mains. Endd. 19 Jan., 1586. 1½ pp.
Fr. [Holland XII. 26.]
Warrants certified by the muster master for all the lances in
the queen's pay from 11 January, 1585, to 12 October, 1586.
Total, 101,451l. 14s. 4d.
Endd. by Burghley, deliv. 20 Jan., 1586. 1¼ pp. [Ibid.
The like for the foot in the queen's pay from 12 December,
1585, to 12 October, 1586.
Total, 72,896l. 12s. Endd. by Burghley, 20 Jan., 1586, Mr.
Diggs' book of musters. 4 pp. [Holland XII. 28.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WILKS.
Here is come even now news from Amersford, in the report of
certain soldiers, that Sir William Stanley hath delivered Deventer
to the enemy. If it be so I must account that all Overyssel is
lost and the county in great danger and our journey quite defeated.
—Utrecht, 20 January, 1586.
Sig. Add. Endd. At Hague the 12th at non. ½ p. [Ibid.