Names of the Commissioners of the Estates.
Flanders, M. Caron ; Holland, Mm. Nievelt, Menyn, D. Sille ;
Zeeland, Valck ; Frise, M. Caminga.
Endd. with date. ½ p. [Ibid. XII. 46.]
CAPT. AVERY RANDOLPHE to WALSINGHAM.
It is generally reported that Sir Wm. Stanley, Rowlande Yorke
with their companies are gone to the enemy and delivered over
Deventer, Taxis entering the town with 1500 foot and 3 cornets of
horse. How true it is I know not, but it hath been given out
that he heard mass secretly in his chamber, which made the country
jealous of him. Our burgesses of Flushing mislike much of it
and the common people say that it is as lawful for them to deliver
over towns as our nation. Our forces here are not such as we
can command more than with courtesies and fair speeches ;
want of munition, and some of our companies stand upon hasard,
I knowing not how to get any victual to sustain them.—The 26
Those of Utrick give not trust to our nation and I hear have
turned them out of the town.
Signed. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Holland XII. 47.]
Jan. 26./Feb. 5.
SIR JOHN NORRIS to the COUNCIL of STATE.
Understands from letters delivered to him by the Count of
Moeurs the concern of the States and people at the loss of Deventer
but feels sure that they will not draw conclusions therefrom
derogatory to the help from her Majesty or to the English, who
are their sole support against the tyranny of the Spaniards, or
excite suspicion among the people causing them to despair.
To mistrust the English will be a sorry consolation when they
remember that most of the nobles of the country have betrayed
their compatriots, that several governors have surrendered their
charge to the enemy and a countless number of colonels and
soldiers of the country have done the same. To prevent further
mishaps it would be better to encourage a good union between the
soldiers and citizens rather than to foster mistrust. He finds
the people have shown good sense, in view of the enormity
of the event, and they incline to blame the traitors and not the
nation, and are more upset at the proposal to give them a Flemish
garrison, fearing that it may make a bad impression on her
Majesty. For the rest, there is no English company which is
not ready to come out of garrison although he by no means
approves of the mingling of the nations. Fears that while
they are amusing themselves over these matters the chief is
forgotten, namely revictualling Lochum and the surrounding
places, as also the disposition of troops to confront the enemy.
—Utrecht, 5th February, 1587.
Copy. 1½ pp. Fr. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 146.]
Jan. 26./Feb. 5.
Letter from the Council of State to his Excellency (fn. 1) concerning
their desire to be released from their charge, and their objections
to Meetkercke and Brakel. Have agreed to the publication of
enclosed placard, on which the States General insisted. Enclose
also copy of agreement with the reiters. Serious shortage of
artillery through the loss of Deventer, and ask for some field pieces
from her Majesty of which they understand she has a sufficiency
through the victories of M. Drake, and which shall be returned
later. Hearing that many soldiers, Irish and others, who were
at the disaster of Deventer, are proceeding to Eupen and elsewhere
in great numbers, have written to General Norris to be on
the alert and to punish in an exemplary manner those found
guilty of this treason.—The Hague, 5 February, 1587.
Fr. 1½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 151.]
Jan. 27./Feb. 6.
The STATES GENERAL to the QUEEN.
The loss of Deventer and the fort before Zutphen, traitorously
given up by the governors appointed by his Excellency is such
that she may consider the state to which they are reduced. The
loss of Antwerp was very great for the whole country ; that of
Deventer for the towns round it, which can only be supplied by
force. This is not said in despair but from their deep regret at
having lost, at one stroke, what gain they counted to have made
on the enemy last year, after all their sacrifice and effort. They
will never weaken in their resolution to hold out against the King
of Spain for the preservation of the faith and their liberties, or
in the fulfilment of their part of the treaty with her Majesty,
with the firm hope that she will be more liberal and confirm
them in their good will. To this end they enclose a copy of their
letter to his Excellency from which she will understand the ill
from which they are suffering, whence it comes and the proper
remedy. Before the disaster they had advised some provisional
measures with respect to the troops, etc., and await her Majesty's
good pleasure with respect to what is put before her by the
deputies. But with the designs of the enemy intensified they
beg her to assist them in their great need so that they may not
only redeem this misfortune and past faults but be supported in
their most just quarrels.—The Hague, 6 February, 1587. W.
Roelsius, President. By order : Aerssens.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1½ pp. [Holland XII., 48 ; also
S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 163.]
Abstract in English of the above.
Endd. with date. ¾ p. [Ibid. XII. 49.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
Acknowledges receipt of letter of the 24th of December,
"whereof I was right heartily glad (because I had not heard from
your lordship in two months before), until I beheld and had read
the contents thereof, full of bitterness and reproach, much contrary
to my expectation, hoping to have deserved thanks for my
diligence in advertising you of those things which I conceived to
concern your lordship's honour ... wherein if I have dealt
undutifully or ungratefully towards you, I am heartily sorry.
"But I trust if the letters and matters be weighed without
passion, no construction can be made of them but good, loving and
dutiful ; unless they proceeded from my own invention, of which
I can satisfy you at all times. What I answered was needless to
be reported, for "though I had not loved you, yet because the
same was uttered in reproach of our nation and government
among them, I would not have been so forgetful of my duty
as to have forborne to answer thereunto in defence as became
me." I do desire with all my heart that you would write to your
Council, to be informed of my zeal and love in discharge of my
duty in all matters wherein your actions or government have
been impugned. And I "report me" to those whom you have
most countenanced here, whether, in their suits and causes, I
have not always done to their satisfaction, as much as in me
lay, as by their many letters of thanks I can make appear,
"contrary to the reports made in England that I should here
discountenance all such as your lordship liked. I would to God
your lordship had been no worse deceived in others that you have
trusted than in me."
Touching the report of my late negotiation here made to her
Majesty, it will not be found that I have said anything but the
truth, and if there be any defect in the computation, the fault
will soon be remedied. I have added nothing to what I received
from the States and Council here, and my innocency has (I hope)
appeared by the papers I lately sent over.
"To the like effect of the first letters, wherewith your lordship
is so offended, I have sithence written many, to acquaint you
with the humours and purposes here of such as do not love you,
which I fear will be by your lordship ascribed unto me in like
sort as so many several offences ... and yet I have written
nothing but the truth...to give you knowledge of them as they
were said, done or delivered by the persons in my letters mentioned.
I have written almost no letters to any in Court, except two
to her Majesty, wherein I made no mention of the things of which
I wrote to you. "There will be nothing found in them that may
any way blemish the least of your lordship's actions, though I have
not flatteringly said anything in your lordship's praise, which I
know to have no way needed any commendation" ; but the
letter from the States in your commendation was in effect my
invention, having first given the instructions for it to some of
the States who came to ask my advice therein, and afterwards
bettered the draft thereof. [Further protestations against the
It has been a matter of infinite travail to me to be all day in
Council, not daring to be absent from one sitting ; to be perpetually
vexed with importunate suitors of soldiers ; to keep
journals, reports and registers, alone and without assistance ;
this government being without a head and full of confusions ; and
if withal I "leese" your lordship, for whose sake and service
especially I came into these countries, I shall think myself
unhappy and wretched, but God I trust will be my good lord in
heaven, whatsoever become of me in earth.—The Hague, 27
Copy. 2¾ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 50.]
Jan. 28./Feb. 7.
The States General of the United Provinces have resolved, in
conformity with their deliberation of yesterday that a placard
shall be made whereby William Stanley and Rowland York
are prescribed as traitors and enemies of the said States with a
reward of 1000 pounds of 40 kronen each to whoever shall deliver
them alive or dead. Also that no one shall venture to speak
slanderously of her Majesty or the English nation, to whom, under
God, these lands owe their preservation, under severe penalties.
—The Hague, 7 February, 1587. Maelson, President. By order,
Aerssens. (fn. 2)
Copy. Dutch. 1¼ pp. [Holland XII. 50.]
SIR JOHN CONWAY to WALSINGHAM.
Joined in the war of free will knowing its pains and perils.
Service with the artillery at Doesborrow. Made four breaches,
whereat the town surrendered with little bloodshed. Before
Zutphen planted the cannon within pistol shot of the town and
made a breach in a few hours. Recovered a strong castle
between Arnheim and Nimuegen. Has been at all services
except at Grave and Axel. Has spent money out of pocket and
he and his company have received no pay these 13 months.
For the future asks Walsingham to be the means either of
his withdrawal or that he may be able to live by his entertainment.
Accepted the charge of Ostend, which many refused,
upon my lord's promise to have the town furnished with men in
her Majesty's pay, and was also promised the office of master
of the ordnance. Desires this office as is loath to be penned
in a town while there is service in the field. Would find
a sufficient deputy to take charge of the town in his absence.
Unable to continue the service of Ostend without a company
in her Majesty's pay to help the States' allowance and
give him credit. They have no care at all of the town.
Wonders how it has held out. The companies there discontented
and the enemy strong at hand. Lack of powder and
weapons. Asks for the Dutch companies to be removed and
the whole garrison to be in the queen's pay, to avoid mutinies.
Had a letter from Mrs. Bourne in which she intended a complaint
against him touching the marriage of her youngest daughter.
Always meant to do right with her and she cannot charge him
otherwise. Asks Walsingham's favour, if the complaint be
moved against him, that he be not wronged.
Betrayal of Deventer and Zutphen sconce. Vawe castle is in
the same case, and Arnam missed it nearly [torn] practice of Sir
Robert Sidney's cornet ; it was offered with pretence. "So
was it the week before discovered that Sir Wm. Stanley would
betray the town a request made by the burgesses that he might
be removed and another placed there. The States, it was
thought, were not capable of it...so the fault here is now wholly
laid upon the Earl of Leicester for placing one whom he knew to
be a papist and the other he knew to be a traitor before and not
worthy of trust.... These States are both in love with money
and desire the continuance of war and to be rid of Englishmen."
The people are well affected and desire her Majesty to take the
absolute government, but the States are afraid of being called to
account and to lose their authority, and therefore they will do
and suffer anything to serve their own purposes. "I am fully
resolved that they are bent to do what they can to suffer Ostend
to [torn] of any peace or relief from England."—Middelborrow,
the 28th January, 1586.
Signed. Add. Much damaged. 5 pp. [Holland XII. 51.]
SIR JOHN CONWAY to BURGHLEY.
Asks his favour in the matter of Mr. Bourne and his wife.
Sorry state of affairs no better. Need of Burghley's foresight to
prevent further harms. Treason of Stanley and Yorcke. In the
night Stanley is said to have held all the burgesses in their courts of
gard as prisoners ; at the same time he repaired to the burgomaster's
house and took the keys by force, opening the gates to
Taxis between 3 and 4 of the clock, with a thousand Duches and 16
horsemen, who divided themselves presently into squadrantes
and dispersed to all parts of the town. "Taxis made a stand in
the market place, sounded a drum and made proclamation that
all burghers should thither repair and in the state house surrender
all their arms. Sir Wm. Stanley did fetch some of the townsmen
to come and welcome Taxis. With weeping, tears and sad countenances
they gave him reverence, seeing themselves so betrayed."
When Sir Wm. Stanley saw the pitiful state of the burghers, his
conscience accused him and he wept with the burghers for
company, protesting with vehement words and oaths that he
had not done it out of covetousness but only for the discharge of
his conscience. It is now said he shall have 13,000l.... It is
to be thought that Yorcke, the old traitor, was sent as a worthy
instrument to return to do this. It is said that he gave over the
skonce two days before Deventer and engaged his body in the
town of Zutphen until Deventer should be surrendered.
When the news first came I was at the Hague attending the
Council of State, and had been six weeks before, getting supplies
for Ostend, with scant success. I am going back to Ostend with
all speed to do my best to prevent all dangers. At Rotterdam
on my way to Middelborrow I heard that one Hewe Overyng or
Overend, sometime a haberdasher dwelling near Ludgate in
London, was taken with a great wallet of letters from Sir Wm.
Stanley, and was sent to the Hague to the Council of State.
I infer by his host at Rotterdam, one Joysse, an Englishman, he
had some foreknowledge ; and he shall be paid. If he has
conveyed letters of importance I think the man should be
surrendered to your lp. This, Stanley's only agent, should know
more of his secret counsels than any man. When Stanley went
to Ireland a few years past Mr. Antony Bourn went with him.
This Overing was then employed by Stanley in a matter between
Mr. B. and me whereby I know the man hath wit enough to be
honest or dishonest.
There is another young fellow of Rowland Yorck with a very
little red beard, come over now in ragged clothes, which made
great haste into England. This Choisse, whom I take not a very
honest man, told me this man of Yorck was at his house and he
suspected him, yet did not stay him or tell me ; only he said he
was a very young man, well favoured, having a few red hairs on
his face. Both these men were with their masters within two
days of the treason, and therefore of purpose sent by them.
Arnam should have been delivered by a cornet of Sir Robert
Sidney, but thank God it was safely discovered and the town
preserved. Vawe castle by Bergen op Zon was surrendered by
Marchal the governor before this in the same manner. It is
said he had 4200l. "This stood upon sale as who would give
most, long enough to have been saved by the States if they would
have disbursed the money." Deventer advertised the Council
of State a week before that they feared Stanley did practise with
the enemy and desired his removal. I leave you to judge where
the fault lay, but saved it might have been.
Asks his lp. to see to the supply of things required for defence
of Ostend. The place is greatly distressed and small help to
be got here. Wants no more than for defence of the place, that
they be not obliged to live from hand to mouth, and for the relief
of the soldiers and to take from them all occasion of mutinies.
"Good your lp. think upon the poor men their great distress."
I protest...I go thither upon this present with no more hope of
return than if I were to go to a most dangerous assault, I do hear
and am credibly advised from thence the place is so distressed
and the men discontented.—Middleborrow, 28 January, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. 3¼ pp. [Holland XII. 52.]
FREMIN to WALSINGHAM.
Has asked the gentleman, bearer of these presents, to report
what is taking place in these countries. Lesclues (?), 28 January,
Add. Endd. 28 Jan., 1586. ½ p. French. [Ibid. XII. 53.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
On behalf of Jhon Benean, who served as lieutenant in the
regiment of Sir Wm. Stanley at Deventer, (fn. 3) that his pension in
Ireland may be continued, which he received for service there,
and which he fears may be withdrawn from suspicion that he
was concerned in the treachery, whereof Norreys conceives him
to be in no wise guilty. He means to return to his former employment
in Ireland. Is sent to impart some circumstances of the
surrender of the town and what speeches have passed from Stanley
touching Ireland, "whither he thinketh one day to be sent to
work her Majesty some trouble and annoy, if he shall be able."
Utrecht, 29 January, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XII. 54.]
Jan. 29./Feb. 8.
Letter from the States General to her Majesty [as below].
—The Hague, 8 February, 1587.
Fr. 8 pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 165.]
Jan. 29./Feb. 8.
"The substance of a letter from the States of the Provinces
United to her Majesty. 8 February, (fn. 4) 1586."
"Some of the garrison of Berghen-op-Zome, being abroad in
forage, happened to defeat a cornet of horse of the enemy's ; of
whom some number being taken prisoners, there was found among
them a young gentleman of Denmark, of the house of Ranzau."
The soldiers, rifling him, found letters from the King of Denmark
to the Prince of Parma, and from the Prince to the King,
which they sent, with the gentleman, to the States at the Hague.
The said States, finding that he was a messenger sent by the King
his master, excused the insolency of the soldiers the best they
could and gave him passport to return into Denmark ; advertising
that King by a letter of what had happened. And as the letter
contained matter concerning her Majesty's own affairs, they
thought it their duty to acquaint her withal.
The effect was this :—that as the King of Denmark in May
last sent a gentleman into Spain, to persuade the King to a
reasonable accord with his subjects of the Low Countries, who
returned with answer that the King remitted the matter to the
Prince of Parma ; that thereupon this Ransou was sent to the
said Prince "to acquaint him with this overture, and to understand
how he would be disposed towards the accord ; upon
knowledge whereof the King of Denmark would send to her
Majesty to the same effect, and to pray her to appoint a time and
place of meeting, to proceed in the treaty."
The effect of the articles propounded were these :—
"That the King of Spain should yield to liberty of religion ;
should restore the ancient privileges ; and should give assurance
to her Majesty to attempt nothing against her.
"Whereunto the King of Spain had answered that to the
first he could not consent. To the other two, he would be content
to leave it to the commissioners to agree upon.
"They excuse themselves that this negotiation is not begun
by their means nor good liking.
"That the terror of the war is not so fearful to them as the name
of peace with Spain.
"That though the Earl of Leicester moved a speech of peace
unto them at his departure, yet they never looked the matter
should come to treaty.
"That they are not learn (sic) to treat with Spain, knowing that
it is but either a shift for their present necessity or a trap to overthrow
them whom by force hitherto they have not been able, nor
are not like with ease, to subdue.
"That they see by the example of other countries what
conditions the King of Spain affordeth those whom he may
"That the Countries United never received so great detriment
as by treaties.
"That they remember it was Escovedos' counsel to abuse
them with pretence of accord.
"That by the treaty of Cologne they received greater dommage'
than by all the war.
"That they see by the present miserable state of Brabant and
Flanders (to whom fair conditions were propounded of liberty
of religion and freedom from war) what their state should be
after an accord.
"That besides all other mischiefs, the speech of a treaty would
engender two great evils ; the one, to make a great many of
them negligent of their defence, the other, that it would make the
people unwilling to perform their contributions.
"That they are not so simple but they know peace were the
best thing could happen to them if they might be assured of a
"That for the point of religion, the King sticketh not to refuse
"That if he should accord it, they would not trust him.
"That he is the same King that hath twice yielded to it already,
and both times broken.
"That this Pope is as frank of his dispensations as the other
his predecessor was.
"That in case the King should accord unto the liberty of the
religion reformed, he would likewise condition that they should
permit the liberty of the Catholic religion, which were nothing
else but to breed them so many enemies within their walls.
"That for their privileges, the King can yield to no more than
heretofore he hath done, and sworn the observation of them more
than once ; which notwithstanding, he did violate ; which
was the cause that moved them to renounce their obedience
to him, and to unite themselves for common defence, wherein
they hope to persist longer than he shall live.
"That touching the third point propounded, for the surety
of her Majesty, they leave [it] to his lordship's own consideration ;
adding only this, that the King of Spain, having by the pretext
of a treaty divided some part of the country from the general
union (which is the only mark they suppose he shooteth at)
he shall thereby have lessened her Majesty of so many well-willers
"That for these considerations, they beseech her Majesty to
be a means to the King of Denmark to give over further dealing
in this treaty."
Endd. with date. 3¾ pp. [Holland XII. 55.]
Jan. 29./Feb. 8.
Letter from the Council of State to the Count of Neuwenaar
and Moeurs on the change and increase of garrisons in Utrecht,
Gueldres and Overyssel. Ask him to secure the frontiers, consulting
General Nuritz where the English are concerned, except for
Vyanen for which Count Maurice has made provision. Reply
to his complaints. Payment of troops.—The Hague, 8 February,
Fr. 2½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 153.]
WILKES to THE QUEEN.
To recommend the bearer. (fn. 5) "Fears that in recompense for
his loyal and faithful endeavours he will be in danger to receive
not only reproach and discredit, but loss of life. Threatened at
home and endangered abroad," but trusts not to receive harm
from either if she protects him with her gracious favour.—The
Hague, 30 January, 1586.
Copy. 2/3 p. [Ibid. XCI., p. 53.]
WILKES to BURGHLEY.
This gentleman, Mr. Treasurer, has delivered to the States
General a view of her Majesty's charges since she accepted their
defence, wherein they are not directly satisfied, as shall appear
by their apostiles set down. He has attended ever since my lord's
departure, but could dispatch no sooner in respect of the length
of the work and that the States have wanted leisure, by reason
of their other occasions, to follow it with the requisite diligence,
in which time I have been a witness of his care and endeavours.
He is well instructed in the state of things here, therefore I pray
you to bestow some time to hear him. Asks Burghley not to
give credit to anything against him without a hearing.—The
Hague, 30 January, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. by Burghley's clerk : "Mr. Wilkes by
Mr. Huddilston..." ¾ p. [Holland XII. 56.]
Copy of the above in Wilkes' Letter Book. [Archives XCI.,
Jan. 30./Feb. 9.
An edict of proscription (fn. 6) against William Stanley and Rowland
Yorke with an inhibition against the slanderers of the English
nation.—The Hague, the 9th February, 1587. Signed, Bardesius,
President. By order : Chr. Huygens.
Copy. 2½ pp. [Holland XII. 57 ; a printed copy at Delft
by Albrecht Hendrickson, Dutch. 4¼ pp. Ibid. 57a ; in French.
2¼ pp. in S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 173.]
Changes in the garrisons to be made in the provinces of Gueldres,
Utrecht and Overyssel to secure the towns and forts against all
attacks of the enemy.
Names of towns with the captains of horse and foot at each also
4 or 5 companies of Scots, ready to march for Holland.
3 or 4 companies of English, of whom most have deserted, and
also unfit for service.
Capt. Helms, who should be removed from Swol.
Capt. Clarke, who should be removed from Lochum.
Capts. Digby and Reins, disabled by sickness.
Capts. Carey and Ward, the soldiers all disbanded.
Note by Norris : I pray you, Sir, if the Council do not sit let
one of your folks solicit in my name for these unappointed
companies to the States General.
Endd. with date. Fr. 3 pp. [Holland XII. 58.]
[Jan. 30./Feb. 9.]
"The Apostiles of the States General upon all the three parts
of the Accounts exhibited unto them by Richard Huddilston
esquire, late treasurer at wars, turned into English.
18 pp. [Ibid. XII. 59.]
Jan. 30./Feb. 9.
Act of the States General on the reduction of the English
companies who were in the pay of the States into that of her
Majesty as they are informed that there are no more than 3000
foot and 500 horse of English troops in the United Provinces ;
the accounts show many abuses and malversation ; that all the
English foot companies at the charge of the States do not exceed
1500.—The Hague, 9 February, 1587. By order, Aerssens. (fn. 7)
Copy. Dutch. 1¾ pp. [Ibid. XII. 60.]
Another copy. Note that this Act was exhibited to the Council
of State on the 16th March, 1587, new style.
Fr. 1 p. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 176.]
Jan. 30./Feb. 9.
Extract from a Resolution of the States General.
M. Barneveldt having communicated to them a letter from
Mr. Wilkes, touching the transport of 300 muids of corn into
England. Resolved :—That the States are greatly surprized
thereby since their consent for the transport of grain towards
the North-East coast of England being required by the Council
of State, it was unanimously thought good to refuse it, both for
the welfare of these countries and especially to prevent the
induction of the grant of private passports and licences, which
have always been held to be very prejudicial. They have the
more reason to complain in that, in spite of their refused consent,
the passport has been granted, which is very harmful to their
authority, in whose name and by whose charge his Excellency
and the Council of State exert their authority. Thus, by right,
he who has been at some charges by the said passport, can
pretend no action against the States. But as they desire nothing
more than to please Mr. Wilkes and all others to whom her Majesty
has given any charge in these countries, so far as the state thereof
can afford it, they are willing that (order being taken to prevent
frauds) according to Mr. Wilkes' request three or four hundred
muids of corn be transported to the North coast of England ;
saving that the said transport will be permitted to all who will
transport up to the said amount and [especially ?] to him who will
pay most, to the profit of the commune. And that to that end,
eight days previously, information shall be given to the Burgomasters
and rulers of Delft, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Horne,
Enkhuysen and other towns, and to the masters of the convoys
of their consent on the above footing, and that the said masters
shall make enquiry who will pay the most.
Endd. Feb., 1586. "An Act of the States General derogating
from the authority of his Excellency. Jo. Smythe." (fn. 8) Fr. 1 p.
[Holland XII. 57b.]
Another copy of the same from Leicester's Entry Book. Fr.
1 p. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 59.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WILKES.
I have written to the Council, and therewith send some letters
which I have received from L'Espine and Col. Dorp, by which
it may appear that the enemy has some enterprise in hand ;
probably to build up again the sconce called the Berkeshooft,
and to erect another against it at Gueldersweart, whereby the
river of Rhine being shut up, the other towns behind are clean
cut off from us, a matter of great importance and not to be
neglected. Peter Crispe writes the like from Schink's sconce, and
that the enemy is removed from about Wesel, with purpose to
assemble at Nimegen, where Taxis is to come to them, to conduct
them in this service. My opinion has been and is that we should
make some head against the enemy in the field, "and rather that
way to break off his enterprises and to settle the towns in some
better assurance than by placing any garrisons, which will be
hardly received at this time in any place ; and therefore do fear
that the Count of Moeurs doth but lose his labour in riding to
Hardwick, Elderbourg, and the other towns in these quarters,
who, seeing the short payments are made to the soldiers, will
at no hand receive any garrisons but such as shall be sent
them out of North Holland, and they to stand bound to see their
garrisons duly paid. I demand but eight or ten companies more
to be sent me, and some pay to content the companies in these
quarters, to make head against the enemy, which, if they cannot
afford, they must be in very hard state, and for my own part,
foreseeing the danger like to follow, shall be forced to retire and
leave the countries to such course as the Count of Moeurs is
entered into, which I fear in the end will bring confusion and
greatly dismay the people."
I pray you, urge the Council's resolution herein, and upon
your answer, "I will prepare myself either to take the journey
in hand or forthwith to repair unto you, or to leave these quarters to
such success as it shall please God to send."—Utrecht, 31 January,
Postscript. "Touching the wars with the boors, whereof you
wrote unto me, the same being amongst the Scots and not the
English, I have taken order with Col. Patten to redress those
disorders." I marvel I hear nothing how the Council likes my
letter, of which I sent you a copy.
Signed. Add. Endd. by Wilkes. 1½ pp. [Holland XII. 61.]
Jan. 31./Feb. 10.
Letter of the magistrates of Hamburg to his Excellency and
Count Maurice. Acknowledge their letters of the 18th Dec.
about the recall of the fleet from the Elbe. Not in their power
to concede the presence of this fleet in their river. It prevents
traffic in wheat and has caused want in their city and neighbourhood.
Therefore ask for withdrawal of fleet, promising every
other satisfaction.—Hamburg, 10 February, 1587.
Copy. Latin. 2¼ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 205.]
Instructions for Sir William Russell, sent over as governor of
Flushing and the Rammekins, in January, 1586.
To receive the charge of the town from Nicolas Errington,
who has had it as deputy-governor since Sir Philip Sydney's
death ; to deliver her Majesty's letters to the burgomasters and
magistrates, declaring her grief at the death of the said Sir
Philip ; and that to show her care for them she now sends Sir
William to satisfy their own requests in that behalf ; hoping
that they will concur with him in all things for service of the
common cause ; letting them know that she has ordered him to
inform himself how her people have hitherto behaved, and to
see that they live henceforth in peaceable sort with the citizens ;
failing which he is to see them severely punished.
Is to have all orders and ordinances which already have been
or shall be set down for the pacific government of the garrison
As soon as possible after his arrival, is to have an exact muster
taken of her companies there, to examine how they have been
hitherto governed and paid and what is still due to them ; and to
certify her thereof ; with the names and qualities of the commanders
and principal officers and his opinion which should be
retained and which removed ; also what munition he finds there,
and what he will need. Puts him in remembrance (albeit she
hopes it is not necessary) to have a care of his watches and wards,
and to see that his officers faithfully perform their duty.
Lastly, he is to have a copy of the Articles between herself
and the States in relation to the said town and fortress.
Endd. 1½ pp. [Holland XII. 62.]
GEORGE ALDERSAY to JOHN ALDERSAY [qy. Walsingham].
By yours of Jan. 11 I perceive your great care of Mr. Steven
le Sieur, who, at my last being at Dunkirk, certified the like,
"praying me to procure credit that he might depart for the
getting of Pedro de Subiaur (Seubeir), the Prince having given
him to the governor to ransom at his pleasure, or else to procure
Subiaur for him. The governor demanded either very good
sureties for 3000 gilders or the delivery of Subiaur within a month
or two. Mr. Stevens (i.e. le Sieur) certified that he could not
put in sureties for 1000 gilders, as "his master was dead and his
old friends had shaken him off," but he wrote to Capt. Littleton
at Ostend, who told him there was a friar there who was to pay
1000 gilders ransom, and if he could pleasure him, he would
send him. The governor is content therewith for 1000 gilders,
and Mr. le Sieur is "instant" to have to put in surety only for
1000 more, which I hope he shall obtain in giving 100 gilders to
the governor's wife. I left order with him, if he could bring it
to pass, to write to me or to Mr. Perry of Bergen, an Englishman,
and it should be accomplished. Finding here your letters, "with
so large advice to that effect," I have sent a messenger to Mr.
Perry with that for Mr. Le Sieur, willing him to do it, and to
discharge Mr. Le Sieur at once. He will go by Ostend and so to
Dort to the Scout (fn. 9) who has Subiaur in keeping "to persuade
him to let him have him, for in truth he will do him no good, for
Count Mansfield hath his son in his house prisoner, and will not
let him depart without ransom ; and without the governor of
Dunkirk do redeem him, there is none that will do it." But
if the keeping of Subiaur be of more importance than 200l.
sterling (the amount of Le Sieur's ransom) we may clear Mr. Le
Sieur for 100l. put in sureties and the friar that is to pay 100l.
to the soldiers of Ostend. The 200l. being so paid, Subiaur may
be dealt with as thought good. I am sure Perry will do it, for I
have put him in surety for a greater sum than he shall need.
Since my residence here, I have been bold to trouble you with
sundry matters of my own, and I have found you always willing
to further my desire, wherefore, though you could not accomplish
it, I have thought no good will in you wanting. Sir my eighteen
months in these parts, having had little or nothing to do, to save
part of my charges, I loaded from this town of Calais the worth
of 110l. sterling in nails for England in a French bottom, which
was taken into Flushing, but there the goods surrendered to the
owners on their coming for them. As I could not go myself,
I sent certificates, but these would not suffice, and they sold my
goods for 27l. Flemish to the Admiralty, who sold them again for
above 130l. sterling.
Further, I have spent in travelling, gifts and other ways to
maintain my credit 150l. sterling, besides having lately lost above
100l. sterling in the hoy of salt that those of Flushing stole out of
Dover harbour. Poor Brydges now follows the suit against one
Captain 'Crubbloow' of Flushing. He is in prison in the Marshalsea
for it, but, as I hear, my lord of Leicester stands his
friend. I humbly desire that you will so stand my friend that
Brydges may have his rights against the said captain. These
hindrances have brought my estate very low. Besides, three
months ago, asking for a passport to Dunkirk, it was denied me,
they plainly telling me that I remained in their country and
brought nothing in, and they should give me no more unless I
put in bond of 50l. sterling, "to procure corn into their land."
Not wishing to trouble you in the matter, or have you seen in it,
and finding a friend of mine here, one Robert Turk with a fine
small boat of fifteen or sixteen tons, and he very wise and hardy
in venturing, I made bold to persuade him to lade his boat with
some corn and seed, and to come either to Dunkirk or Newport.
He followed my advice, and fourteen days ago came into Newport
with rape-seed, mustard-seed and barley, "and this is all of my
I humbly pray that if he come in question, you will bear him
out in it, to save him from harm ; and if you should write for
Flushing, [to desire] that if he be taken, his person be not touched ;
and for his ship and goods he will never make any suit, but will
content himself with the loss. And I doubt not "but for
every bushel that we bring in the land, shall be the occasion to
hold out twenty... This year they make great account with
their ships of war to bring in corn enough to serve their land good
cheap, what with Esterlands that they mean to lade ; with their
own shipping, and their part with Frenchmen to come for Calais,
so to have the half out, as also [those] they mean to bring in
perforce, taken upon the seas ; which, without it be foreseen in
time to prevent all this, good faith, I fear this spring all will be
marred. Besides, a number of Esterlings, Hollanders and others
will seek to 'lowrdreye' (fn. 10) and to lie on the seas, where they would
be willingly taken." Thus, craving pardon for my boldness, I
desire always to remain your faithful servant. [Calais.]
Undated. Endd. by Walsingham's clerk "January, 1586, from
George Aldersay." 2½ pp. [Holland XII. 63.]
The officers of Sir William Stanley's regiment.
Captains :—Jacques, lieut.-colonel ; Bostocke ; Stanley ;
Willis ; Fullaine ; Fingleis.
Lieutenants :—Petitte ; Morgan ; Griffyn ; Gleige ; Inge.
Ancients :—Garrette ; Morgan ; Smythe ; Hunings ; Sclenger.
Sergeants :—Burne ; Brenen ; Tate ; Laurence Malone ;
Anderson ; Meryman ; Famyne.
Endd. 1 p. [Holland XII. 64.]
"The particular charge of levying 2000 reiters, January, 1586,"
amounting to 39,702 gulders.
Endd. Dutch. 2½ pp. [Ibid. XII. 65.]
A brief of such sums as have been paid for the States by
Richard Huddilston, treasurer at wars in the Low Countries
to divers companies in their pay, which sums they are to reimburse,
with notes of the States' answers. Total, 20804l. 9s. 6d.
In Laurence Tomson's handwriting. Endd. 4 pp. [Ibid.
"A brief estimate of the account of Mr. Richard Huddilston
...as hereafter followeth.
Charge and receipts.
By several Privy Seals out of her Majesty's Receipt. Money
By defalcations of armour made by the said Treasurer, within
the time of this account ; with 2684l. 8s. 8d. at the hands
of General Norreys
Payments and allowances.
By warrant of the Lords of the Council :—
Victualling and transporting of 1083 pioneers
Coat, conduct and transportation,
By warrant of Sir John Norreys :—
Entertainment of the Colonel-General and
Wages of the infantry for 4 months, ended
11 Dec., 1585
Wages of thirty horse hargalatiers
Payments not contained in her Majesty's lists
By warrant of the Earl of Leicester :—
Entertainment of the Lord General and other
Wages of the Infantry for 4 months, ended
12 April, 1586
Imprests to same, after April 12
Imprests and payments to the lances
Extraordinary payments, not in the lists,
with 1360l. for portage money
Payments extraordinary without warrant
Sum total of payments,
1 Sheet. [Holland XII. 67.]